INSURANCE AGAINST UNEMPLOYMENT GOES
WITH WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION
When the principle was established in the minds of Americans (some
years after it had been recognized abroad) that it wasn't just to leave the
burdens of the accidents of trade upon their weak victims, we tumbled over
each other in eagerness to enact workmen's compensation laws.
We had been Slow in these matters not because we were unkind (that
we are not) but because we hadn't been well informed.
Europe took the lead in the race for social justice while we slept.
But if it is good public policy to distribute, among all, the task of caring
for the wounded on the battlefields of industry, instead of letting them
suffer, famish and die unaided, then surely there can be no getting away '
from the need of unemployment insurance. Incidentally, this also was
something which Europe found out first.
What, then, is unemployment insurance? Does it mean pensioning
Not at alL It means just this: If society has to have irregular em
ployment of labor; if it has-to have seasonal trades, booming one day and
flat the next; if the greed of a few or the needs of the many require that,
every little while, men.and women capable and eager to work can't get work,
then society, must carry the jobless until it finds work for them to tio be
cause it is society, not these victims of its poor organization, which is pri
marily responsible. . .
Of course, -where the burden gets too heavy for individual handling,
society carries some of them now, in a blundering, cruel fashion by soup
houses, prisons, asylums; by "the intricacies and icy impertinences of pri
vate charity. " . r
But unemployment insurance establishes on a basis of right what Is
now a basis.of gift. .It jnakes. busjness insure its workers against' its errors
of judgment as well as against their accident.
In a nutshell, the whole matter is:
The jobless man has a right to demand of society either a chance to
work or the means of living until work can be found.
Society cannot in safety turn a deaf ear.
"I am gladUo see you home, John
ny," said the father to fiis small son
back on Vacation. "How are you get
ting on at school?"
"Fine,", said Johnny. "I have learn
ed to say 'Thank you' and Tf you
please' in French."
"Good!" said the father. "That's
more than you ever learned to say in .
With' 15 inches of snoWfrom New.
York to St. Louis and with sweet peas
and violets bloomine in California
"I want to get some socks." eastern folks are beginning to think
"Silk, ma'am?" there's something wrong with the
"No. They're for my husband." distributing system.
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