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Newspaper Page Text
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CLUB WOMFN EXPOSE SOW1E
NORTH SIDE TENEMENTS
The Chicago Woman's Club re
cently sent out a. committee to in
vestigate the tenement district in the
block bounded by" North avenue, No
ble and Blanchard streets and Elston
And, after a careful investigation,
the women reported back that con
ditions were shocking. Yesterday
their report was read at the regular
meeting of the club by Mrs. Victor
They found among other things
that fii that one square block there
were 22 basements and cellars occu
pied by families and that 206 human
beings were living in them.
They also found that the trust
press which has been' saying that the
unemployment conditions were
greatly exaggerated were cruelly
wrong. Because out of the 98 fami
lies living in that block 25 per cent of
the heads of the families were out of
And those heads of families who
were fortunate enough to possess
jobs earn an average income of $9.25
, a week. Out of this amount families
pay an average rent of $7.07 a month.
In this way 18 per cent of the income
goes for rent.
I There are many children on the
block. But most of them have been
forced to give up their playtime and
take up the fight for bread. Forty
one children, not over sixteen, are
working every day. Their average pay
is $4 a week.
These children of the tenement
district get on the average a school
ing of three and half grades. '
The committee found many gross
violations of the sanitary laws of Chi
cago and Illinois. They were classi
fied as follows: Basements unfit for
habitation, leaking roof, bad repair,
insanitary outside toilets, inadequate
toilet accommodations, insanitary
sinks, defective ventilation, over
crowding, calciminirig needed, dirty
walls, accumulations of ashes, gar
bage nnd rubbish, a"d no garbage or
These violations were referred to
the sanitary bureau of the board and
also' to ten welfare organizations.
"The most obvious conclusions the
committee has reached," reads the
report, "are the need of adequate
housing for the unskilled worker whb
pays from $5 to $8 for three-or four
rooms; the need of a municipal em
ployment bureau that the unskilled
worker may have work during the
winter; and the need of more inspec
tors in the sanitary bureau.
"The sanitary bureau should be
given police power to enforce its own
orders. At present if the owner does
not comply with an order, court pro
cedure is necessary, and a case may
drag on for a year. It seems "to us
wasteful and inefficient to spend
large sums for the tuberculosis insti
tute, the children's welfare, and visit
ing nurses' associations and free dis
pensaries when scarcely a beginning
has been made at the root of the
evils requiring these remedial agen
cies adequate housing."
SAYINGS OF MR. MOUSE
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