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The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, April 25, 1914, NOON EDITION, Image 8

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1914-04-25/ed-1/seq-8/

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WHJ1S0N !3 LOO'-C'MG N0 THL
INTERNATIONAL TAG CO.
The International Tag Co.'s use of
women and children in home work is
under investigation by the state fac
tory inspector. The-ompany has a
factory at 661 Lake street, where 70
girls and women are employed. Seventy-two
families outside are used by
the company, most of the families liv
ing up around Death Corner, where
the crossfire of the sawed-off rifle has
slain five Italians in the past year and
a half.
"In these 72. families, it was found
by our investigator that the mother
works and all tie-children work at ty
ing cords into the holes in tags," said
Oscar F. Nelson, chief state factory
inspector. "The wages of the father,
when he has work, are not sufficient,
but when employment is slack with
him or he is taken sick all of them
join in teamwork to piece out the
wages of the father and build up the
home.
"The pay is ten cents for each 1,
000 of tags tied. In most families,
where the mother has a good deal
of washing, cooking and scrubbing
to do around the home, the whole
earnings of a mother and two chil
dren range around 60 cents a day.
"If the mother chooses to let the
housework slide, she can earn more.
In one case, a mother and four chil
dren have been supporting the fam
ily thiR winter. The father was sick
all winter. Three of the children, all
under eight years of age, helped the
mother tie tags. They worked hard.
They were not afraid of their fingers.
Once in a while they earned as much
as $1 a day. The average wage for
the winter was $4 a week.
"This case was first reported to us
by Rose J. McHugh, West Side dis
trict superintendent of the United
Charities. Along with poverty of the
most wretched and squalid form was
found a terribly earnest willingness to
work. Certainly there is something
radically wrong where all the mem
bers of a family are willing to work"
tn "-(?''" o'? v'cre they turn
their home into a sweatshop and the
children toil till their heads fall down
ward and they go to sleep on the job,
and yet their wages for such work
don't buy them the life necessities
and they must go out and hunt a
charity offiee-
"The International Tag Co. is so
far not disclosed as violating any
state law. They have a perfect right
under the law to give out the tags
to the mothers and the mothers have
a right to work their children at home
in any way they please, so long as
they send the older children to school
and comply with the compulsory edu-.
cation statute.
"It is jiot at all surprising that
there should be a high murder rate in
a district where homes are subjected
to this sweating system."
o o
WE MAY GET A PEEP INTO THE
DOINGS AT HILLMANS
If Ben Strauss, merchandising
manager of Hillman's, has his wayv
Chicago may learn something of the
profits of a modern department store.
Strauss is suing Hillman's for an
accounting. He wants the books in
the books of the big State street
store brought into court to show that
he is entitled to more coin.
Strauss says that on March 18,
1913, he entered into an agreement
with. Hillman's to handle thirty mer
chandising department at $6,500.44
a year. But also, he says, if the net
merchandise sales of his departments
equaled 2 per cent of the total sales
of the store during the year he was
to receive one-eighth of 1 per cent of
the profits.
He claims that the sales from his
departments amounted to $92,433,
which -were more than 3 per cent of
the total sales of the store, $3,081,- ,
460, and the store refused to pay him. '
o o -
To rernpve blood stains, soak the
article in cold water to which am
monia has been added; wash in warm
water with naphtha soap.
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