OCR Interpretation


The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, May 15, 1914, NOON EDITION, Image 12

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1914-05-15/ed-1/seq-12/

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regular United States troops-brought I speaks, and, In missing It, -we have
into the war to .establish order, ands
usually thrown into contact with the
strikers because the situation is such
ordinarily as to put the strikers in
the wrong legally.
Fighting is sure, to begin when
hostile bodies of men are thus ax
rayed agairfst eacjiv other by forces
over which they- have no control.
Sometimes one party begins hostili
ties, and sometimes the other. As a
social phenomenon,' it makes n a-difference
which begins. It is sure to
begin.
j remepTb"ervthe time wheri acnoter
was always regarded as beiB Tn the
wrong? Law and order were looked
upon as too- sacred to be tampered
with for a moment -But-we have so
far drifted toward revolution that
perhaps half the people of the United
States sympathize With lawless acts
when committed under" the stress of
a strike. This is a fearful change in
the attitude -of th& people. Its im
portance cannot be exaggerated. If
things keepdrifting fn this direction,
we shall reach a point where we shall
join whole heartedlyjn -the praise
which Victor Hugo accords to the
mob which in time of stress barri
caded the streets of Paris alid fought
the police and the-army.
"To be always peaceful," says
Hugo, "belongs to progress no more
than to the river; raise an obstruc
tion7 eastern a rock; the obstacle
makes water foam and humanity
seethe. Hence trouble; but after
these troubles we recognize that
some ground has been gained. Until
order, which is nothing more nor
less than universal peace, be estab
lished, until harmony and unity reign,
progress will have revolutions for
stations."
''Twenty years ago this sounded
strange to every American ear. Now,
tfie masses are coming more and
more to be receptive to such ideas..
What does this mean? It means that
-ve have missed the harmony and
unity of which the French genius
missed the establishing of a society
to which there are no such things as
servile insurrections, civil wars,
armed tumults like that in Colorado.
We are drifting into a French
status, a Mexican status, a Russian
.status and we have tabor wars to
notify us that this is so. . t "" '
At bottom, the matter'fe siinple. So
uhfree is our society that ihei man
prizes his job. If the 'Colorado, the
West Virginia, or the Michigan min
ers', or the strikers anywhere, could
get new jobs at fair "wages, impryjy
offering to do a good day's -work for
a good day's pay, a strike would be
as peaceful as the walkout of the
cook from yoUr kitchen.
Men cannot get new jobs at will,
because of the monopolization of nat
ural opportunities for self-employ-ment-'-but
I cannot discuss that herey
I have only space in which to call
upon all Americans to consider -these
labor wars as inevitable occurrences,
-our social system being what 'it is,
and to demand of legislators,, com
missions, and every body of 'people
called together to consider the mat
ter, that they search for basic causes,
and not do so insane a thing as to
seek merely to locate 'the blame. That
way lies anarchy. '
And in the meantime let us con
sider the palliative gospel of Secre
tary William C. Eedfleld, himself a
great employer of labor. In a speech
at Columbus not long ago he said
"If we will but realize that the in
dustry of low wages cannot compete
with the industry of high wages; that
We must utilize in a sensible way the
powers that Cod gave to men and wo
men;' that we must treat men and
women as the taws of Cod require,
and if we learn thoroughly-how to
lead arid guide, not1 drive, we shall
-make America the industrial empire '
of the entire world.
A good gospel while we are learn
ing so to fiee ourselves that no man
will be ABLE to drive another if Jue
wishes. -
Ua St

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