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Newspaper Page Text
soldiers were playing policemen and guarding it, makes no difference. Tke
fact is that the man who controls the policy wants war.
His editors, correspondents and reporters know he wants war. They'
know he has been trying hard to force President Wilson into war; and they
Igfi ituuw mat me caxLouus uy .rowers, upper, lviurutjr a,uu uiuers, nuiuuuug vvn
! - son and Brvan. are butTa Dart of a camnaisn to brine: on war.
Quite naturally, then, everybody connected with those papers gets,
writes and publishes news that would help create public sentiment for the
war the boss wtots.
Knowing that, I can't have faith in
the accuracy of "war" news in those
And knowing that Hearst is fight
ing a hard fight against Congress re
pealing the exemption of canal tolls
to American coast-wise shipping
and knowing the purpose of the car
toons about the Railroads and John
Bull controlling the administration
and the canal I take whatever ap
pears in the news columns with a
handful of salt.
That is, I read into any news I
find in the Hearst papers, the person
al policy of Hearst himself.
In the old days of rabid party or
gans the Republican organ would
color and suppress news in the inter
est of the Republican patty and
against the interest of the Demo
cratic party. And Democratic organs
would do the same unfair thing from
their party viewpoint.
In a party organ the meetings of
its party were always large and en
thusiastic, and -those of the opposi
tion small andchilly.
As the people began to tire of party
ties and the party lash, .the cirqula
tion and influence of party organs
began to dwindle. Then independent
papers increased in number, circula
tion and influence. Now we have few
hide-bound party organs; and the
people have been getting more truth
about politics. j
But the people changed policy be
fore the organs changed. The peo
ple forced the change. And the edi
torial columns of newspapers began-
to lose their attractiveness and in
fluence. . .
In some newspapers today other
features are put on the editorial page
in order to draw readers to that pageS
In most newspapers there isn't much
in the editorials worth reading. The
editor is playing in between his read
ers and his advertisers. He doesn't
want to offend either, and tries 'to
Moulding public opinion became
more and more a matter of how:the
news was handled; and unscrupulous
publishers began coloring and sup
pressing news not publishing any
thing they thought would help read
ers to think anything the -publishers
didn't want them to think.
Before The Day Book began publi
cation in Chicago it was a common
practice in all newspapers to sup
press the names of department stores
when there was any unpleasant pub
licity. Even elevator accidents where
people were killed and- injured -were
suppressed by the papers; and some
times by public officials.
I remember but reading once in a -Chicago
newspaper a story of any
body being killed by a newspaper
auto; and that was recently when
the Tribune published briefly the
story of a coroner's jury report cen
suring the Daily News for not having
proper lights on one of its autos that
killed an old man; and also censuring
the News driver .for exceeding the
For years there have been fights
between newsboys and newspaper
sluggers; and I remember of reading
only in one newspaper one story of
a newspaper slugger being arrested
for slugging a newsboy: and that was
1 when a newsboy was slugged for favr
m , j 'Xii.i,.".