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LESSON IN WAR GEOGRAPHY'
Heligoland. Island of a fifth of a
square mile in area, two and one
half hours' ride by boat from Cux
haven. Is strong naval base for Ger
many being protecteS-on three sides
by perpendicular walls. The fourth is
strongly fortified. Has been favorite
resort for sea bathers.
Galicia. The northeast province
ol Austria, slopes down in terraces
on the north side of the Carpathians.
Occupies 30,164 square miles and has
xi population of over eight millions,
the majority being Poles. Contains
many marshy plains. Its summers are
short and winters long and severe.
Cracow is the chief city. Polish is
the official language.
Gheel. City of 16,000, seven miles
east Of Herenthals. Reported to be
in German hands. Center of unusual
interest in the invasion because of
its large lunatic asylum. Over 2,000
insane persons were quartered in a
district of 30 miles circumference.
They were boarded with peasants un
der direction of a physician, are with
out restraint, and were permitted .to
follow ordinary domestic pursuits.
Gumbinnen. City of 15,000 in cen
ter of rich farming district in extreme
northeast of Germany. It is 65 miles
from Konigsberg and about 22 miles
inland from the Russian frontier. It
has a number of iron foundries,
machine shops and tanning plants.
The Ardennes. General name for
plateau region, including the province
of Ardennes in France, the duchy of
Luxemburg and the Belgian Luxem
burg. The highest elevation is 1,600
feet in the French territory. It con
tains some of the finest forests of
Europe and, with its rolling nature,
offers itself to military strategy.
Turnhoirt. In Northern Belgium
near the Dutch frontier. Is 25 miles
from Antwerp. Is the site for Belgian
reformatory with 3,000 prisoners
who were treated on most advanced
lines of humaneness in penology, be
ing allowed almost complete liberty
on an honor system, ,
AND YET THEY SING "BRITONS
NEVER SHALL BE SLAVES"
London (By Mail to New York),
Aug. 28. The proud boast "an En
glishman's home is his castle," does
not operate during the present war.
Here area some of the things the
naval and military authorities may do a
under the Defense of the Realm Act,
passed by parliament in a few min
utes: Take possession of any land, build-'
ings, gas, electricity, waterworks or
sources of supply, horses, automo
biles or any other means of trans
port. Cause any buildings, statues, or
any property to be moved or destroy
ed, and order thelnhabitants to leave
any given area if necessary for naval
and military purposes.
Close saloons entirely or during
Enter by force, if need be, any
house or ship which is suspected of
being used t othe prejudice of the
Arrest, or order the arrest, with
out warrant, of any suspected person.
Despite his valiant singing of "Brit
ons Never Shall Be Slaves," here are
some of the things a free-born Briton
may not do: '
Loiter near a railway bridge.
Give or sell liquor 'to a soldier or
sailor on duty.
Spread reports by word of mouth
or writing, near a defended area, like
ly to create alarm among the troops
or civilian population.
Light fires or display lights of any
description on hill tops or other high
ground or buildings, without permis- $
Tamper with, or loiter near tele
graph and telephone lines.
Civilians ignoring a military com
mand to "halt" may be shot down
without a second challenge. Courts
martial shall deal with offenses
against the military laws and the tri
bunal shall have power to inflict sen
tences of imprisonment for life in
case of infringements,