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were neglected the nation was walk-1
ing the sure road to trouble.
When the jar came and these words
proved true there were investigations
that showed startling facts. It ap
peared, for instance, to be literally
true that what had been called the
richest nation was in fact the poorest
Of the total population oi 42,000,
000 it appeared that about 8,000,000
lived on the starvation line or below
it, and of these 1,800,000 were in Lon
don. Poverty was so general and so
acute that one person in every four
must be buried at public expense; or
in other words, as a pauper.
A census of the East End of Lon
don showed about 320,000 persons as
members of families domiciled in but
one room to a family, and that some
times a cellar or sub-cellar. -
Terrifying statistics were produced,
showing the rapid increase of insan
ity and disease among the submerged
Further investigation proved that
between the well-to-do castes and the
toiling castes was a steadily widen
ing margin of physical differences.
The average height of the well-to-do-was
found to be almost three inches
greater than the average height of
the inferior castes; their chest meas
ures and leg measures were distinctly
The factory tollers were becoming
a race of beings stunted and dwarfed.
Society was producing a new kind
of human creature, inferior physical
ly, inferior mentally, without physi
cal stanlina and without the spirit of
revolt, dull, sheep-like, 'submissive,
unimaginative, weak and retrogres
sive. Will you make soldiers of these?
On the revelation of these appalling
facts the government undertook rem
edies. It is on this account and this
alone that we have had the accident
compensation law, old age pensions,
rudimentary reforms in land taxation,
insurance against unemployment, the
sudden and short-lived crusade for
better' housing for the poor.
For such a crisis as this these
things are too late and too little. The
mass of poverty has not been relieved.
Therefore, Great Britain's army
after nine months of prodigious work
has reached a total believed by op
timists to exceed 2,000,000, against
the 9,000,000 of Germany and the
7,500,000 that Great Britain ought to
But, you say, Germany too has un
dergone a great industrial develop
ment; Germany, too, has become a
great manufacturing nation. Yet
Germany shows no signs of physical
Ah, yes. And that is the point
Great Britain, amid these changes
has held steadfastly to the policy of
letting the toilers look out for them
selves. Germany, under the inspira
tion of the astute Bismarck, has
made its first concern the health and
physical welfare of its toilers.
For 35 years Germany has been as
siduously careful of these things.
Compensation for accidents or disa
bility, insurance against unemploy
ment, old age pensions, pure food,
sanitary dwellings, physical develop
ment and training are old stories in
Hence she turns out as a capable
army one to seven of her population
and Great Britain turns out one to 22.
Poverty is the deadliest foe. For
years a nation may walk its way and
disregard the enemy within. Then
the test of war comes and it has for
defense, one in twenty-two of its pop
ulation instead of one in seven.
Centerville, la. Cyclone swept
across Southern Iowa yesterday, de
stroying trees, outbuilding and crops.
Two struck by flying board will re
cover. Montgomery, Mo. Speaker Champ
Clark denied story to effect that Sec'y
of State Bryan had been intention
ally left off list of public men invited
to attend Miss Genevieve Clark's
wedding June 30, List not complete!