Wilt'"1! HUM I, IPi II.
SHEPHERD FIRST WRITER TO
GET TO ITALIAN FRONT
By William Q. Shepherd
(Copyright, 1915, by United Press)
Udine, Italy (Near the Austrian
Frontier), June 30-No really great
battle is possible along the Austro
Italian frontier for many weeks.
Troops are pressing forward, occupy
ing position of vantage; important
preliminary fighting is occurring al
most daily; but Italy is not yet ready
to launch her great smash to win
back Trentino and Trieste.
There has been no delay in mov
ing the Italian armies to the front
Mobilization went forward with
clock-like precision. Italian troops
marched over the frontier and seized
points of strategic importance with
in a fortnight after the declaration of
war. But Gen. Cadorna is determined
that when the Italian offensive starts
rolling down upon Austria everything
shall be in readiness. Italy is not "go
ing off half cocked."
The Italian losses in the prelimin
ary skirmishing have been very light
Everywhere along the frontier I saw
magnificently furnished, but idle, Red
Cross trains. The hospitals in Ven
ice, in TJdine and elsewhere near the
firing line are practically empty.
The Italian commanders are elated
at the brilliant performances of their
troops to date. The accuracy of the
Italian gunnery in particular has oc
casioned surprise. At Monfalcone,
for instance, large guns are hurling
shells twelve" miles over a mountain
peak sl mile high with wonderful ef
fectiveness, crashing Upon the Aus
trian forts, every shot Counting.
Gen. Luigi Cadorna, commander-in-chief
of the Italian armies, is a
master details. Often he directs as
many as twenty small battles simul
taneously, moving armies like pawns
across a chessboard. And in the
midst of all this maze of duties Gen.
Cadorna does not neglect his relig
ious duties. He goes to mass every
The man who leads the Italian ar
mies has the satisfaction of knowing
that the men behind him at Rome
know what is going on at the front
King Victor Emanuel is continuing
his tour of the battle line. Premier
Salandra iB showing the greatest in
terest in the conduct of the campaign
and other administrative heads care
planning trips to the front The
prime minister passed through here
Sunday in a private car enroute to
The Italian army quartered here is
composed of the bigegst men phys
ically I have seen in any army.
Through many of the regiments are
distributed Italians from America,
cheery fellowB, with a love of fight
ing. One of them waved his hand at
me and yelled: "Oh, you kid!"
Correspondents are absolutely
barred from general headquarters.
Officials told me: "You must get 0ut
of TJdine or Bubmit to arrest"
Gen. Cadorna's secretary put it a
"If you stay here you run the risk
of being shot" he said then, smil
ingly: "The Italian army will not
be ready for correspbndentB for
MAY ESTABLISH MEX. GOVT.
U. S. CAN RECOGNIZE
Washington, June 30-Villa-Car-ranza
reconciliation is being attempt
ed again. to day. Certainty that Huer
tistas are organizing what may prove
very formidable counter-revolution
forced it Believed Villa-Carranza
peace parleyB, if successful, would re
sult in establishing government the
U. S. can' recognize.
Although communication with Mex
ico City was still interrupted, state
department officials were hopeful sit
uation would be relieved soon. Za
pata reported about to withdraw to
Cuernavaca, leaving capital to Car
ranzistas, who are prepared to niBh
in food supplies from Vera Cruz
The Sonora situation was reported
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