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Newspaper Page Text
THE DAY BOOK
N. D. COCHRAN
EDITOR AND PUBLISHER.
BOO 80. PEORIA ST. CHICAGO, ILL
T;.. J. ..., Editorial, Uoaroe 833
lelephOmS circulation. Monroe 3824
SUBSCRIPTION By Carrier in Chicago.
SO cents a Month, n By Mail. United
States and Canada, IS. 00 a Tear.
Entered as second-class matter April
21. 1914. at the postoffice at Chicago,
111., under the Act of March J, 1879.
MIND AND BODY. Discussing
"The Diminishing Family" in. the
Herald, Wm. L. Chenery wants to
know whether limitation means that
a higher race is developing or that
children are no longer economic as
sets. His discussion is based on data col
lected by Prof. Cattell of Columbia
university, who says the Harvard
graduate has on the average three
fourths of a son, the Vassar gradu
ate one-half of a daughter. Prof.
Cattell got replies from 461 leading
scientific men about the size of their
families, and learned that 176 were
not voluntarily limited, 285 voluntar
ily limited, 133 limited for health
causes, 98 limited on account of ex
pense and 54 limited for other rea
sons, and that childlessness was in
voluntary in two-thirds of the cases.
I don't think the figures have an
important bearing on either of the
questions Chenery asks. It is known
by those who study the subject that
college professors, graduates and
people of studious life don't run much
to procreation. It may mean that
over-development of the mind means
under-development of the body; and
it may mean a survival of the fittest,
on'the theory that the physically fit
are more important to humanity than
the mentally fit
But other things have to do with
it College graduates come from
families that have money to senfi
their children to college, and college'
graduates find easier entree into what
we call select social circles. In so-"
ciety circles a young couple often
makes the mistake of preventing the,'
advent of children because of their
interference with the social activities
and pleasures of the parents. This
often results in nature's refusal to
do her part when a desire for children
comes after social delusions have'
Society women don't seem to want
to have babies, and they are familiar
with the methods of prevention or
Selfishness is really at the bottom
of it The society woman would have
to give up too many social pleasures
during the months preceding birth
and for the years a mother really
should devote to her child after it is
born. In other words, she would have
to give up her social career.
And her training has had in mind
a social career, from the time of the
social debut, with much fuss and
feathers, when her parents throw her
on the market and invite all the eli
gible husbands in her set to come to
her home and eat, drink and be merry
while they look her over.
The husband falls for the limitation
during the period of social excite
ment, but the time comes when he
wants progeny. He begins to think,
clear down inside himself, that his
wife has cheated him. And divorces
are many in select social circles.
Modern midnight society life is re
sponsible for some of the other rea
sons for limitation, including health,
or physical unfitness, and expense.
Right here in Chicago are thousands'
of young couples either living up to
their income or beyond it to have a
good time and keep up appearances.
It is difficult for a married couple
of the working class to live much be
yond their means, because of the lack
of credit; but there is much of it in
this' class, too, because it wants the
same pleasures as the class with the
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