OCR Interpretation


The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, January 21, 1916, NOON EDITION, Image 11

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1916-01-21/ed-1/seq-11/

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wage for male employes, $15.41, ac
cording to the testimony of the
bosses.
This amount it is shown is not
sufficient to support two adults and
a growing infant and save money,
and the child, under the labor law,
must be supported until it is 14. At
that age the girl goes to work and
A from 14 to 16 receives in the average
W place $3 a week and from 16 to 18
probably $5 a week.
The deficit between her wage and
that which "it costs to supply her with
sufficient food, clothing and shelter
during that time amounts to $832.
The father must meet the deficit with
an economy prohibitive of many fam
ily necessities or go into debt In
either case, the family environment
is lowered and worry displaces the
contentment that is essential to sane
morals.
When the girl reaches 18 the father
has reached" the age barrier after
which his earning capacity dimin
ishes. He is barely able to earn suffi
cient for the necessities of life, and if
the girl then attempts to pay back
that deficit of $832 to her parents it
will take her earning from 18 and
upward the average wage given by an
employer of $9.12 until she is 32 to
liquidate the indebtedness to her pa
rents, provided she lives under the
most strict economy, and at 32, under
these conditions, should she marry
and have children, the strain of the
long struggle would adversely affect
the coming generation even before
birth.
This illustration is based upon av
erages the average parent, the aver
age parent's age, the average girl and
tU. :.!';. Ttmrrn Tf fVlO trirl
me average gui o wage . ."- &"
does not recognize or does not at
tempt to meet her parental obligation
the burden is not lifted from the fam
ily. It is fatal to the family's chance
whether the debt be assumed by pa
rent or child. This is the answer of
the O'Hara committee to the bosses'
argument that the parent should as
sume the deficit between what em-J
ployers pay and the least amount,
upon which a girl can live.
The committee recommends as the
essential initial step in the treatment
of the problem of vice and low wages
the immediate enactment of a mini
mum wage law, prohibiting the pay
ment of less than a living wage to any
woman or minor, except during a pe
riod of apprenticeship not exceeding
six months.
Such a proposed law was strongly
supported by Lieut.-Gov. Barratt
O'Hara at the last session of the leg
islation, but though several other
states have enacted such a law as a
direct result of the O'Hara investiga
tion, Illinois defeated the minimum
wage legislation.
The commission further recom
mends improvement of condition of
girls in domestic service, and of girls
from homes offering inadequate so
cial opportunities by the opening of
school houses and all other available
public buildings as social centers;
hours of labor of girls in domestic
employment to be regulated to permit
pfarticipation.
Establishment of homes for the
adequate moral and industrial school
ing of women during the period of
reformation. Extension of vocational
education, in the public schools. Abo
lition of the obnoxious fining system
in the treatment of immoral women
convicted in the courts.
It also advocates the creation of a
state athletic commission for the en
couragement of health and non-professional
sports and pastimes.
o o
. Washington. Declaring England's
real purpose in blockade of Germany
is to depress price of American cot
ton for its own commercial benefit,
Sen. Hoke Smith demanded in the ,.
senate vigorous action by U. S. in 1
protection of international rights. ,
London. Holland-American liner 'r
Ryndam, which went aground while j
approaching Gravesend harbor in a
crippled condition, floated and escort- !
ed to anchorage by tugs., j
-.-.-. .....r-M

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