Newspaper Page Text
mj mm nhimmmmmm!mmmm
posed to universal military training,
but workingmen in Australia are not
in the least opposed to it In fact,
they fastened it upon their country.
The Australian Labor Party had long
been in favor of a citizen soldiery, and
when in 1909 that Party gained com
plete control of the government, it
was a Labor Minister of Defense,
George F. Pearse, that devised the
plan and a Labor administration that
pushed it through to success. George
F. Pearse, a union carpenter, is one
of the big men of these times.
The Pearse plan went into effect
January 1, 1916.
Sydney, Australian metropolis,
with about 700,000 inhabitants, is one
of the most sophisticated cities on.
earth. Sydney viewed Pearce'B ideas
with amused tolerance.
Eight months later there was a
parade in Sydney of one class of the
new recruits 19,000 of them, the
largest parade Sydney had ever seen.
The native Australian Is a tall, big
boned man of impressive appearance.
Nineteen thousand Sydney young
men marched throuh the streets in
their new uniforms, and the city went
wild at the sight.
When the war suddenly burst upon
the country, thousands of Pearce's
trained troops sailed away to capture
the German strongholds in the Pa
cific, and save Egypt
A system so new and revolution
ary could -not be introduced in a
lump. Minister Pearce planned that
by 1919 hewould have 126,000 well
skilled andequfpped men. The war
forced his hand. He has more than
Every male citizen of Australia is
liable to military service from 18
BY -ITS VELVET r!bBONSHOULDER. STRAPS
YOU MAY KNOW IT'S UP TO DATE
Black velvet ribbon is no longer straps or suspenders now adorn the
the exclusive possession of the school most formal as well as the simplest
girl. Dames of dignity have adopted gowns,
the girlish garniture for their blouses How effectively the black velvet
and gowns and velvet ribbon shoulder straps may be used on a gown of
years to 60. This Is ten years longer,
than the Swiss term. Otherwise the
Australians took their Bystem largely ,,
from Swiss models.
Military training begins in the
schools, when every boy of 12 (un
less physically unfit) becomes a
member of the junior cadet corps.
There he has physical development
exercises 15 minutes in each school
day, elementary marching drill, mini
ature rifle shooting, swimming, run
ning and instruction in first aid.
At 14 the Australian boy passes in
to the senior cadet corps and has
every year (in uniform) not less than
four whole day drills of six hours
each, 12 half-day drills of three hours
each, and 24 night drills of an hour
and a half each. He now has a form
of service rifle and is trained at tar
At 18 he becomes a member of the
citizen forces, where he has every
year 16 whole days of training, of
which at least eight must be in camp.
At 26 he passes into the reserve
and joins a rifle club to keep his prac
tice up to the mark. When the war
broke there were about 50,000 mem
bers of rifle clubs.
Privates are eligible for promotion
to be non-commissioned officers and
these in turn majf win commissions.
A war college like West Point, with
admission open to all on competitive
examination, is part of the plan.
A recruit gets 75c a day, a private
$1, corporal$2.25, sergeant $2A50,ser
geantmajor $3, lieutenant $3.75 and a
captain $5.62 for drilling.
Neither, cigarets nor the "mak
ings" thereof are allowed In the se
nior cadet corps. What do you know
&Mi j VAaH.i .. -WrL J v-5.--.!-- - .jiff J. te, , -