competition among publishers to pro
luce the best book cheapest.
"In Illinois the biggest order a pub
.sher can be sure of is one or two
ownships. He is- not going to pub
ish a book to seH only to a few town
ships, so that the booktrust; brings
all old, antiquated, broken lines to
Jlinois, and piles these discarded lines
of study here to scatter them around
"It is wonderful that our schools
are as good as they are under these
conditions. They are efficient in
spite of their books and not by the
help of them.
"Another result of maldng the state
the dump for the poorest books in the
country is that a lot of scab books
are brought in.
"Many of the big firms that make
school books for the Chicago schools
and in other states over the country
are union firms. If the school book
proposition is a state one, officials of
the state will recognize the right of
men to organize for self protection
and will see that union-made books
"If we allow every shoestring pub
lisher to peddle his product in Illinois
there is no way to make sure that
conditions in his print shop are not
worse than in a clothing sweatshop.
"Union labor demands a clean, whole
some workshop and an eight-hour
"It's about time for the parents of
school children to see that they are
getting the most useless books that
there are in the United States."
CANADIANS GUARD BRIDGES
FEAR GERMAN PLOTS
Niagara Falls, N. Y., Feb. 12. Pol
lowing rumor last evening that Ger
mans from U. S. were planning move
of some sort, detachments of Cana
dian soldiers with machine guns were
rushed from Toronto and Thorold,
Ont, bringing garrison on duty
across river to 2,700 men and 15 ma
Guards at power houses, bridges ,
and' manufacturing plants were
doubled and provided with machine
guns. Shortly before midnight ter
rific explosion in new building caused
considerable damage to plant of Cast
ner Electrolythic-Chemical Co.
Rome. Last gap in ranks of allies
has been closed by issuance of a de
cree by Italian government forbidding
under heavy penalty importation ?f
any products from Germany or Aus
tria. Berlin, via wireless to Sayville, L. L
Cardinal Herder's veracity ques
tioned in semi-official statement is
sued replying to charges made by the
Belgian prelate in famous pastoral
C UNDCRffPOP unLEOTTOOP
letter accusing Germans ox various
acts against people of Belgium.
Paris. French troops conquered
300 yards of German trenches in the
Champagne region by sudden gren
ade attack northeast of Mesnll.
Petrograd. Whole Russian front,
from Volhynia southward to Bessa
rabia, scene of violent fighting. Gen.
Ivanoff directing heavy attack
against Austrian positions west of,
Tarnopol. Russians making deter
mined attempts to throw large force
across Dniester, northwest of Czer-nowitz.
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