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The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, March 02, 1916, LAST EDITION, Image 7

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1916-03-02/ed-1/seq-7/

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8,000,000 TRAINED MEN IN ARMY IF UNITED
STATES ADOPTS SWISS PLAN!
BY CHARLES EDWARD RUSSELL
About the only choice a nation has
these days is to get a big army of
hired men, get a big citizen army, or
stand the risk of being smashed up.
The Swiss and the Australians
chose to have the citizen army in the
name of democracy, with the result
that their youth when they arrive
at manhood are athletic, robust, sup
ple trained to wholesome outdoor ex
ercises, familiar with their duties in
defense of their country and expert
therein.
We can have in the United States
all the great benefits of the Swiss and
Australian systems if Congress pass
es the bill introduced by Senator
Chamberlain of Oregon, and known
at Senate Bill 1695.
All able-bodied male Americans,
except those exempted, under cer
tain conditions, because of religious
creed, are made by this bill subject
to military training from their
twelfth year to their twenty-fourth.
Then, without further training, they
become members of the citizen army
reserves.
A normal, average American boy
would then go through these experi-
UC65
At the age of 12 he would become
automatically a member of the citi
zens' cadet corps, in which he would
continue six years, passing through
three divisions.
From 12 to 14, in the first division,
he would be trained in calisthenics,
physical development, and military
exercises without arms, for at least
90 hours a year, at his school or in
an organization like the boy scouts.
At 14 his second division training
would include the rifle and target in
galleries, again not less than 90 hours
a year.
At 16 he would enter the third di
yision, and have, in addition to 90
hours other drilling, ten whole days
in camp with field exercises and tar
get practice.
In these two divisions he would
have a uniform.
At 18 he would become a member
of the citizen army, and every year
for six years would have not less than
120 hours of drilling, of which at
least ten whole days must be in
camp.
At 24 he would become a member
of the citizen reserves.
If he preferred at the beginning to
enter the navy, that would be ar
ranged, training on shipboard being
substituted for the camps.
The bill provides that youths that
do not take the required training
shall be liable to fines and imprison
ment, and employers are stringently
forbidden to interfere with or ham
per the training of their employes.
Persons of bad moral character are
excluded and intoxicating liquor is
rigjdly ruled out.
The citizen army and .navy do not
take the places of the regular army
and nayy, but are to be added to the
regular forces in time of war. The
president can mobilize the citizen
army and navy, when they pass at
once into the regular service. When
they are training they receive no'pay;
when in regular service they get the
pay of regulars.
Every congressional district is
made a training district in charge of
an officer of the regular army, and
from the start the training is under
the charge of the war department.
The president is to appoint officers
of the citizen army, citizen navy and
reserves, but under regulations as to
examinations, record for efficiency
and promotion, so that service as of
ficers shall be open to all.
The Chamberlain plan, in its full
working, would give us about 8,000,
000 trained men, ready to be mobil
ized in 24 hours with all their arms
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