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Newspaper Page Text
"CALORIES! THEY WILL DECIDE WAR! AND
GERMANS AREN'T GETTING ENOUGH"
SAYS CHARLES EDWARD RUSSELL
BY CHARLES EDWARD RUSSELL
The Hague, Holland, July 25. The
news reports always say that this is
a war of artillery, shells and trench
es. No doubt. But it is just as much
a war of wages and of stomachs.
Just as much, and I guess it is
more. So far, artillery, shells and
trenches can't be said to have set
tled anything, but in Germany, any
way, wages and stomachs are set
tling things with considerable ra
pidity. Wages, stomachs and calories.
That's a great thing calories. Ca
lories are bossing the job.
With reason or without it, all about
Europe the cost of living has been
soaring and soaring. Wherever that
happens, it is the workers and their
families that get squeezed. They fight
the wars, pay for the wars and starve
for the wars. That is the bitter truth
of the case.
Persons that have moderate to
large salaries or incomes never really
get pinched when the cost of living
goes up. They utter the loud roar,
but they are not vitally hit With the
workers it is a different story. They
get the bulge and it hurts.
Unless there is a corresponding in
crease in wages
In Great Britain the cost of living
has increased 61 per cent in two
years. In the same time, wages have
increased, it is estimated, an aver
age of 42 per cent But many wages
have much exceeded that figure, and
if you include the government's sep
aration allowances a vastly greater
wage fund has been distributed than
was ever known there before.
In Germany in the same time the
cost of Hying has increased 139 per
cent. But because Germany's out
side commerce has been paralyzed,
her export and many other manu
factures partly or wholly suspended
ftnd. her ajljed industries crippled, J
there has been less instead of more
demand for labor, and the average in
crease of wages has been slight
Very few working people are better
fed because of the war; millions are
The average poorer class German
is now beginning for the first time to
show plainly the signs of a dimin
ished diet show it in face and in
That is to say, he is shy of ca
lories. In July many municipalities began
to feed the poorer people at public
expense, and thus a large part of the
nation was getting its meals, such
as they were, at municipal kitchens.
For more than a year it had been 'to
a great extent on rations that Is, all
the poor had been. The rich could
always get enough, and can now.
There rations and the municipal
meals are calculated on the basis of
2,200 calories a day for each adult.
But your scientists long ago de
termined 2,400 calories a day to bo
the minimum for normal life.
In Great Britain the present con
sumption is said to be 4,000 calories
So the German worker is shy 200 a
day of the minimum supply and prob
ably 1,800 a day of the amount the
more fortunate British workers get
The German governing classes are
still keen for war; they have plenty
of calories. Millions of German
workers are dead weary of war and
are beginning to demand peace.
In the last month there have been
menacing outbreaks in Berlin (two) ,
Munich (three), Coblentz, Bruns
wick, Osnabruck, Magdeburg, Co
logne (two), Aachen, and elsewhere.
One that rather startled people was
in the Berlin suburb of Charlotten
burg. Still more significant are the rev
olutionary circulars and appeals.