He had to be In politics, of course for a political mayor had the
power to revoke his license and put him out of business altogether. He
had to cash checks, loan money and play Santa Claus for his customers
and keep on good terms with the police and his alderman. j
But his business was keyed up to a 7-day week, and his lease was
made on that basis. When the Sunday closing order came he had to go ,
along on a 6-day business week with a 7-day rental Many who were
barely making a living couldn't get by at all after that and were strongly
w tempted to cheat -Probably they had been told and had come to believe
that self-preservation is' the first law of nature.
And, in the meantime, Mr, Brewer's sale of bottled beer, in the homes '
of those who could afford ice-boxes, grew.
Now ward politicians are in close touch with the saloon. It is" a social
center. Some are tough and some are clean social centers, but they are ,
only what their patrons make them; and the roughneck wants hist social
center as well as the softclothes chap who belongs to a club for the very -same
reason that other men frequent saloons. 5
And the saloonkeeper provides one important public service that the '
city itself fails to perform. It furnishes toilet facilities for men, just as a
the department store does for women. y
Your ward leaders stacked up against a sore lot of saloonkeepers. To f
save themselves they encouraged their saloonkeeper friends to try cheating
the law. And friendly coppers wanted to "be good," but were afraid they
would lose their jobs if they did. They werrnot sure yoiir ward leaders
could protect them. And they knew the reformers were checking them up. - ,
That's the jam you are in. Its a very human situation. You jcan't
have both te Wets and the Drys with you. One or both are bound to be
against you. You will have to take one side or the other. That means
that you,must close" ALL of the saloons on Sunday or let' ALL of them
open and not let any of your subordinates collect graft for the privilege.
If you fearlessly enforce the law and keep ALL saloons closed you will
incur the enmity of all of the Wets and gain the friendship of all of the '
Drys who are not politicians lined up with your enemies. But you must
be prepared to do everything else the Dry leaders tell you to do. ,
If you let ALL of them open you will lose the support of practically
all of the Drys and gain the support of most of the Wets.
You can't get the support, of both Wets and Drys, but you can lose
the support of both. That's about' the hole you are in now.
Here's another political angle: If you let them open up in Chicago
it will be used against you out in the state. If you don't let them open
Tip that will be used against you, too. You can't please both Chicago and
the rural part of the state unless a majority sentiment in Chicago favors
Sunday closing, That's something you'll have to determine for youreslf
whether you'll be mayor of Chicago and do what the people of Chicago
want done or try to please the 'rural section of Illinois by the way you
interpret state laws for Chicago.
But whatever you do, be fair td the police. They'll do what you
order them to do. They can close all of the saloons if you want them
closed. They can do the other thing if you want it done. But, whatever
it is, do it yourself. Give the coppers a square deal. Shoulder all of the
' responsibility for whatever you do. You're the mayor. Sincerely,
" - v" ' NfP.CQCHRM
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