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in walking, -working and -wooing and '
there would be no confusion.
As the matter now stands, the
most uncertain creature on earth is
THE PUBUCFORUM .
WORKERS' INSTITUTE. In
view of the fact that the Workers'
institute is developing into a real
radical center, uniting all the rebels
of Chicago who are interested in the
cause of modern education, the
members of the radical library con
sidered it a waste of time and energy
to keep up a separate institution and
decided to transfer their 500 books
and furniture to the Workers' insti
tute and co-operate with it to make,
it a success.
.All the comrades who have books
in their hands of the library are re
quested to bring them to the Work
ers' institute, 920 S. Ashland blvd.
All communications may also be
sent to the institute. Chicago Radi
cal Library, L Chodoroff, Sec'y.
W.HO PAYS THE TAXES? I
wonder if the average man ever stops
to think how much taxes he pays?
I have heard many of the would
be better class say: "I should have
more to say on the subject of legisla
tion than the average man because
I pay more taxes than he."
Now the truth is he pays less. In
fact, he pavs no taxes at all; he is
only a tax collector, reserving about
half he collects for his services lis
Really the consumer pays all the
taxes under our present system of
government. To illustrate by point.
I will say John Smith is in the gro
cery business and Tom Brown, his
neighbor, goes over Saturday even
ing to do some marketing.
He says: "Well, John, I want a
five-pound roast of beef, a' sack of
flour, a dozen apples and a pound of
And he answers: "All right, Tom,
but It will cost you $9.'J9 and sent
C. 0. D."
"Why, what is the matter, John?"
"Well, I'll explain," says John.
"Harry Moore, the landlord, raised
my rent, and when I asked him the
reason he said his' taxes had been
raised. 'But,' said-1, 'do I have to pay
your taxes?' 'Yes,' he answered,
'some one does, for I have no other
means of making a living ar d paying
my bills except by my rentals, so you
see I have to charge you extra on
everything in order to meet this ex
pense.' "Against the great trust monopo
lies that control the meat, flour and
tobacco, they compel me to buy of
them and they set the price at both
ends,, purchase and sale. Pven the
produce merchant buys up the out
put of the orchard and leaves the ap
ples to rot on the grouud if the price
is not high enough for him to dou
ble, triple and sometimes quadruple
Now, let me assure you, brother,
that you paytaxes or latner tribute,
on every particle of clothing, food
and shelter you use, or if yoiv don't,
some of your friends do for you. And
the smaller the amount you consume
the more yotf pay in proportion. For
instance,'' the price fluctuates ac
cording to the amount you buy and
not according to your occupation.
The time was when a dealer could
buy a bushel or a car at the same
price and the consumer had to pay
a much higher price. Not so today.
The man who buys the largest quan
tity gets the lowest price.
Yet another phase of the subject I
would like to call to your attention,
that is, that Mr. Bloat, the merchant
prince, calls up Mr. Middleweight,
the produce merchant, and says: "I
want a barrel of apples sent out to
my house for home consumption."
The other says, "All right. Apples
cost me this morning $1.15 at the
dock, cartage to my store 10 cents,
cartage to your house, 25 cents,
making a total of ,$1.50 per barrel.