plains of the nation while the popula
tion is a little under 110,000,000.
Cattle growers are dropping out
of the market by the dozens every
year. They are turning into farmers
because they can't come to any of
the stockyards dominated by. the
meat combine and get a. price " on
their cattle that will give them a
profit at a fair rate on the value of
The result is that less cattle -comes
to market every year. Prices, regu
lated somewhat by supply and de
mand, rise accordingly and the peo
ple are soaked.' Some cattle growers
predict a great famine unless the
throttling hands of the packingtown
gang are losed from the meat mar
kets of America-.
The big convention in Chicago is
the first organized protest of cattle
growers against the squeezing of Ar
mour et aL Men from every state in
the union, men representing over two
dozen big associations of cattle grow
ers, are conferring daily, planning a
battle to the finish on the beef
Three big plans were formed by
the cattlemen. They are:
A clean, searching government in
vestigation that will reveal the truth
of the meat situation, show where
the money that the people pay for
meat goes, and expose labor, finan
cial and newspaper connections of
the packinghouse millionaires.
Establishment of a monster pack
ing plant in Kansas City, owrfed by
cattle raisers, farmers and citizens,
to expend in all the cattle markets'of
the country. This plant, already
being built, will buy against the beef
barons and make them pay high
prices, for the cattle or lose the best
stock. It is figured' as the best
chance cattle men have to break the"
grip of the"Sackinghouse plutes.
Government ownership of stock
yards. This would give every packer
and cattle raiser an equal right to th.
pens and driveways, prevent manipu
lation of the market by the combina- J
tion of packers and give the cattle
raisers an equal chance to get a ae
cent price for their product.
A move toward the completion of
the first plan is already on foot Cat
tle raisers, lead by the Anierican Na
'.tional Live Stock ass'n, have appeal
ed to congress and the president for
an investigation of packinghouses
and the meat industry.
This is supposed to account for the
activities of J. Ogden Armour both
official and sub-rosa to defeat the
Democratic administratidn at Wash
ington. A Republican president a"hd
congress would forestall investiga
tion, the packers thought. So they
spent cash freely in their effort to
get Hughes. Now that Democrats
are in again for four years, beef ba
rons ate scared stiff.
The packing plahl now being built
ih Kansas City is headed by Tom
Ruddy, millipnaire cattle raiser of
Texas. Ruddy was born right in
Chicago, on West 18th' st. He start
ed as a butcher in his father's shop,
and when the old man prospered and
started out in the wholesale business
Tom went with him.
The Ruddys based their trade on
their opposition to- the stockyards
gang and their plant"grew immense
ly. Squeezed out of Chicago, they
.opened in Kansas City and had the
packers on the run within five years.
On the death of the first Ruddy,
his company was divided between the
sons with the present Tom Ruddy at
the head. Packing interests stepped
in, bought up all stock they could at
fancy prices and one day when
Ruddy came to his plant he was re
fused admission. They had bought
out his place and fired him.
They dismantled the plant. He
b.uilt again and a fire destroyed the
place when it was open less than a
week. Disgusted, Ruddy went to his
Texas ranch and started over. Then
an association of cattle men in his.
district started the co-operative cat------
f, min'm"m wage of $12
a week is one of the unique provi-
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