The Swiss minister has taken over all business of the
In view of the German declaration for ruthless sub
marine warfare, the prfsident declared no course was
left open except to break relations with Germany.
He declared all neutrals should follow the example
of the United States.
War, said the president, was-not an inevitable out
come of the severance of relations.
He hoped the German government would make no
attack on American ships and seamen.
The United States, he saidy stood for right and justice.
The United States is not self seeking in its attitude to
ward Germany he declared.
Unless driven to it by Germany, force may still be
avoided in maintaining the safety of U. S. ships and up
holding American rights and ideas.
THE PRESIDENT'S SPEECH TO CONGRESS
Gentlemen of the Congress: The
imperial German government on the
31st of January announced to this
government and the government of
the other neutral nations that on and
after the first day of February it
would adopt a policy with regard to
the use of submarines against all
shipping seeking to pass through
certain designated areas of the high
seas to which it is clearly my duty to
jail your attention.
The president then called atten
tion to different ships sunk by Ger
many mentioned the Sussex and
referred to lives of American citizens
lost when ships sunk.
He said the Imperial German gov
ernment purposes to prosecute ruth
less and indiscriminate warfare
against vessels and commerce by use
of submarines without regard to the
government of the U. S.
The president said sacred rule of
international law arrd the universal
dictates of humanity had at last
snned him to the belief that there
is but one course for the government
of the United States to pursue.
He then quoted from a note pre
viously sent Germany by the U. S. inN
which this country declared: "Unless
the German government should im
mediately declare and effect an
abandonment of its present methods
of submarine warfare the govern
ment of tie United States' can have
no choice but to sever diplomatic re
lations with the German government
He then reviewed other notes on
submarine warfare exchanged be
tween the U. S. and Germany.
i he president expressed the .hope
that all other neutral nations would
follow the example set by the United
"I think you will agree with me
that in view of this declaration which
suddenly and without any prior in
clination at any time deliberately
withlfraws the solemn assurances
given in the Imperial Government's
note on the 4th of May, 1916, thi$
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