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The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, February 13, 1917, LAST EDITION, Image 8

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1917-02-13/ed-1/seq-8/

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FIELD AND 'ROEBUCK HOUSES
PROFIT BY LOW WAGE
A large part of the profits gleaned
from the overwork of the tired fin
gers of 10,000 half-starved ladies'
garment workers of the city goes to
two of cur so-called respectable busi
ness institutions, Marshall Field &
Co. and Sears, Roebuck & Co.
This was the claim made by Ben
Schlessinger, president of the ladies'
garment workers' union, today, on
the eve of the expected breaking of
a bitter struggle between the labor
ers who produce and the owners who
profit in the making of ladies' waists,
skirts, corsets, coats and underwear.
Most of the big manufacturers
whose places will be picketed by
striking union workers dissatisfied
with pay and conditions are under
contract, written or verbal, to sell the
greater part of their output to these
two multi-million dollar firms.
So, through the low prices at
which they buy from the manufac
turers, these two stores are grab
bing part of the benefit which comes
to business from the starving of
workers in which is called the worst
paid industry in the world.
Schlessinger named a number of
firms among those that supply the
two big houses with their ladies' ap
.parel, sold at fancy prices. In his
list are: Arthur Weiss, 228 S. Mar
ket; Herman Spivak, 225 W. Adams;
Applebaum & Stern, 228 S. Market;
Flanders" Dress Co.; Nathan Ribbak
& Co.. where the workers are already
out; 0. Posner & Co. and Mitchell
Bros., both at 325 W. Adams.; Sobal
& Co., 2007 W. Division, and Kahn,
Rosenthal & Co., 1714 W. Division.
"Marshall Field & Co. make more
off a lady's waist than do the work
ers whose toil makes a waist," de
clared Schlessinger today. "The hog
gish manufacturer makes more than
both the worker and the store that
sells. He gets too much entirely. It
is his profits that we hope to cut
down.
"The manufacturers, most ofl
whom have risen from the ranks of
the garment working trade them
selves, are the cause of rotten con
ditions here more than are the big
stores or mail order houses, however.
They have ground down their fel
low workers in order to sell to the
stores cheap.
"The average wage in the indus
try in Chicago today is $7.50 a week. ,
How can workers keep their bodies
and souls together at that salary? I
would like to know this.
"How can the young men in the
business hope to marry and have
families? I don't see.
"Do the manufacturers who make
the girls work the full limit of the
law in stinking factories, where the
gas from" the irons poisons the air,
ever think of the kind of children "
these girls will bear if they are freed
from the slavery by marriage?
"Most of the ladies garment man
ufacturers are prominent in affairs
of charity and patriotism. Why not
start both of these in the factories
which have made them rich? I
would like to know why not"
o o
MYSTERY OF MURDER LIES
WITrSUNKEN BOAT?
The lake steamer C. W. Moore,
which sunk at its Jocks in a river
slip near Division street last Friday,
may he the hiding place" of a murder.
Its owners think the boat niight have
been sunk on purpose to conceal the
slaying of its captain, Alexander Day,
who' has not been seen since.
Day was paid $350 by E. M. Sey
mour, president of the Southeastern
Navigation Co., last week and Sey
mour thinks thieves may have slain
him for the money and then sunk the
boat to hide the crime. He says the v
opening of the ship's seacocks caused $C4
it to sink.
oo
Palm Beach, Fla. Mrs. Richard
Croker, wife of former Tammany
chief, wrecked auto against lamp
post to save life of boy who dashed
in. front of car.
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