plained Prof. L. A. Wiley of the Mon
tavilla school, which has the largest
of these gardens, "and we are trying
to acquaint the children, with the
fundamentals of agriculture.
"The result has been remarkable,
upon the individual, the community
and the school work. It cannot be
estimated in dollars and cents."
School-grown vegetables are can
ned and used in 5-cent lunches served
in many of the grammar grades.
Mbntavilla school alone canned
over 800 quarts 'of beets, tomatoes,
beans, corn and onions last fall, in
addition to the supply of potatoes
Last year's surplus, sold at market
prices, paid the $18 garden rental
and defrayed all expenses of the do
mestic science department as well as
providing seeds for this year's plant
ing. The 5-cent lunch, made possible by
the school gardens, pays all expenses,
including a hired cook, gas, food and
service, the daily table attendance at
Montaville being from 75 to 300 out
of a 600 enrollment
And Montavilla's gardens occupy
less than half an acre!
Cultivation, planting and harvest
ing is done during school hours, un
der teachers' supervision. The keen
est rivalry has developed, and Port
land's school gardens have been held
'up as models by the United States
Department of Education.
The influence of school gardens
has also been shown in home gar
dens, now totaling 6,500 in Portland,
an increase of 1,000 over last year.
Parent teachers' associations co
operate with the teachers and a new
and vital link between homes and
classrooms has been established.
' "While many improvements can be
made in our school garden system,"
said Prof. Wiley, "Portland already
regards the innovation as a great
"And it certainly has been a won
derful stimulus upon the children,
noted in more effective work in all ,
the classrooms, aside from its prac
tical training in rudimentary agri
culture." Over 11,600 school children par
ticipated in the gardening this year,
cultivating 36 plots near as many
The rake has become an import
ant fourth ."R" in Portland's primary
' o o
SPRING DEMANDS GAY BLOUSE
By Betty Brown
After, a winter season in a one
piece frock, woman's fancy turn to
the light and airy springtime blouse.
And it must be a gay little blouse
with which we match the gorgeously
colored separate skirt of this season.
What spring will bring us in the
way of blouses is indicated in this
model sketched exclusively for Fash
ion Art magazine and The Day Book.
It's in palest yellow Georgette crepe.
The VERY deep sailor collar, the
double flounce that falls from the
corsage, the deep cuffs and the wrist
ruffles are details that will be repeat
ed in the smartest blouses for spring
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