RUSSIA WILL BE LIBERAL REPUBLIC UNLESS
SOLDIERS AT FRONT WANT ANOTHER CZAR
Petrograd, March 17. The rule of
the Romanoffs ended, Russia began
new history today as a republic.
Czar Nicholas has made 'formal
abdication of his throne on behalf of
himself and the young czarevitch.
Jext in line was Grand Duke Mich
ael, to whom czar turned ov.er the
dynasty and who was named regent
by processional" government itself.
But the grand duke himself refused
A formal organization of the gov
ernment as a republic was expected
today. This may be delayed, how
ever, pending information from peo
ple themselves as to form of govern
ment they desire, and particularly
pending word from soldiers. Mean
. while order was steadily being re
stored throughout Petrograd. List
of provinces and cities ammouncing
adherence to new regime was in
creasing rapidly. Violent change
from repressed autocracy to wide
open democracy was being made
with ease. Provisional government
leaders have impressed people with
sincerity of their purpose, their en
.ergy and their patriotism to the
cause of the people of Russia.
On every side in Petrograd was
heard today renewed avowals of vig
orous prosecution of the war against
London. Czar Nicholas signed for
mal abdication of throne of Roman
offs on Thursday at Pskoff."
"We recognize it is for the coun
try's good that we should abdicate
the crown and lay down supreme
power," the czar said in a lengthy
Berlin. Germany is profoundly
impressed by Russian revolution.
Newspapers today pointed to pon
ference of officials in Vienna as of
extreme importance in view of de
velopments at Petrograd.
In this conference will be Emperor
Carl of Austria, Imperial German
Chancellor Von Bethmann-Hollweg,
Prince Conrad Von Hohenlohe, for
merly minister of finance; Count
Czernin, Premier Clam-Martinitz
and Count Tisza.
Petrograd. By order of provision
al government, Admiral Mepine to
day arrested Gov. Zein of Finland.
Deputy Rodicheff was named as
minister of Finnish affairs and or
dered to proceed at once to Helsing
fors. Order was completely restored in
the capital today.
Through prompt and enthusiastic
co-operation of railway employes
the hunger of the people in famine
stricken, districts throughout the
land is being quickly relieved. Hun
dreds of carloads of provisions were
rushed to these sections.
Grain stores everywhere have been
requisitioned by the provisional
government, fair prices being paid
the owners. The distribution through
a-carefully organized system of these
stores of food is being arranged.
Estimates today placed the num
ber killed and injured by the police
on Saturday and Sunday at 300. This
was really before the actual revolt
started and the casualties were in
small riots over the city. After Sun
day the number killed and wounded
was comparatively small.
Authentic information today from
interior districts indicated practical
ly unanimous support of the new
Petrograd. All army officers in
Petrograd met today and unani
mously Tesolved to recognize author
ity of the duma.
Amsterdam. Unrest in Germany
against militarist repression of peo
ple has been violently accelerated by
success of Russian people in casting
off yoke of centuries.
Even those elements of German
people who favor autocratic control
of Fatherland have been affected by
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