White House, -where President Wil
son signed it at 1:13.
The legislative and executive de
partments of the government have
Now it is up to the armed forces
of the nation to back the words.
Every seat in the galleries and
every seat in the senate chamber was
filled as the official messenger from
the house entered just after the chap
lain's prayer and announced:
"A message from the house of rep
resentatives." There was an audible intaking of
breath. The senators and spectators
shifted nervously. '
Vice President Marshall went
through the usual formalities of re
cognizing Jerry South, clerk of the
house, who bore the document.
"I present senate joyit resolution
No. 1," said South, his voice husky,
"declaring that a state of war exists
between the imperial German gov
ernment and the people of the United
States, and making provision to pro
secute the same."
The resolution was carried to Mar
shall's desk, where the Yice president
waited, nervously fumbling a new
Immediately the bill had been in
scribed on the senate official ledger,
the vice president signed.
Amid the most dramatic scenes
ever witnesssed in congress the
house early today passed the resolu
which formally declared Germany
as an enemy and launched the
United States in the fight for the
democracy of the world.
Vote on the resolution was 373
For the first time in history a
woman voted on question of war.
With a sob and a protest of her love
of country, she voted "No."
The first blows will be struck at
once against Germany. Secret orders
covering precautionary steps with
in and without the nation will be
flashed from Washington. ,
What these orders are the admin
istration is concealing because of
their military nature.
The nation is now ready for money
and for its men.
Two million youths will be wanted
within the next two years.
Billions of dollars will be required.
Measures covering both these
great needs are drafted and ready for
First great war budget, asking over
three and a half billions, is up for
discussion today in house appropri
Military committees have been in
formed of the administration's selec
tive conscription bill to raise great
Closing hours of congress debate
on war measure were thrilling with
patriotism, though, however, there
ran a chord of pacifism.
Miss Jeannette Rankin, woman
member from Montana, tearfully an
nounced that, while she wanted to
support her country, she could not
vote for war. Her evident grief and
signs of mental struggle brought
cheers from warrior and pacifist
While war steps proceeded, pros
pects of other American nations be
ing brought into struggle loomed up,
Brazil was reported to be on the
brink of trouble with Germany, while
from Argentina came reports of
British pressure to force lifting of
Within.our own nation all govern
ment departments redoubled their
energies in war tasks. There is to
be a spirit of co-operation and co
ordination that will profit by mis
takes of other warring nations to
ward the end that the American war
machine shall operate smoothly and
There was evidence today that, ap
pointment of a food dictator similar
to those named in some of the Euro
pean belligerent countries will be
fought Some government heads
said today there should be no such
step until intensive fanning; and
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