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The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, April 18, 1917, LAST EDITION, Image 12

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1917-04-18/ed-2/seq-12/

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FOOD HEAD OF NATION TELLS EACH ONE'S
PART IN THRIFT CAMPAIGN
BY DAVID F. HOUSTON.
United States Sec'y of Agriculture.
(Written Especially for Day Book.)
Those citizens who produce, con
serve and market food wisely will
help toward the achievement of na
tional agricultural sufficiency and
thus will perform valuable wartime
service for the nation.
Those living in villages and the
suburbs of cities do not appreciate
sufficiently the possibility of adding
materially to their food supply by
utilizing for the raising of vegetables
suitable idle soil in yards, vacant lots
and unusued outlying fields. Gar
dening is peculiarly an activity in
which the family may share with re
sultant mutual benefit. When con
ditions render it feasable, small
flocks of poultry and even a pig
should be kept. Through utilization
of table wastes, scraps and other re
fuse as feed, must wholesome food
in the form of eggs, poultry or pork
may be produced at relatively low
cost.
On farms, in view of the world's
scarcity of food, every effort should
be made to produce more crops than
are needed for our own requirements.
Many millions of "people across the
seas, as well as our own people, must
rely, in large part, upon the products
of our fields and ranges. There is
hardly a possibility that the produc
tion of such crops as the cereals,
peas, beas, cowpeas, soy beans and
buckwheat, can be too great this
year.
The most effective step that may
be taken to increase the production
of these staple crops is to enlarge the
acreage devoted to them in the re
gions where they are grown habitu
ally. Meat production should be in
creased by vigorous effort to combat
animal diseases, especially hog chol
era, tuberculosis of hogs and contag
ious abortion, and by getting rid of
cattle fever ticks and other para
sites which weaken or kill animals
and reduce meat supply or milk
yields.
A deficiency of hay and forage for
the next winter will jeopardize the
future meat and dairy supplies of the
country and result in a shortage of
roughage for military draft and sad
dle animals. In regions where dairy
ing dominates, a full acreage of clo
ver, alfalfa and the grasses that is in
productive condition should be maintained.
SOME ECONOMY TIPS
Some lessons in economy that can
be learned out of school were today
offered to the families of Chicago by
teachers in the city's high schools.
They are:
We buy too much water. Buy dried
beans, peas and other dried vegeta
bles, soak them over night, then cook
them.
Butterine is as good as butter. At
least use it in cooking.
Skimmed milk has excellent food
qualities, costs only 12 cents a gal
lon and serves many purposes in
baking. , .
Learn how to prepare cheap foods
palatably. Hominy is good when
properly prepared.
Learn how to dry and can vegeta
bles, that the surplus crops this year
may be preserved for use next winter.
Make over old garments. ,Do more
patching and mending. Save the
pieces. ,
Save all wool and cotton goods, for
they may be needed for some purpose
later and the price is advancing rap
idly. Sew rags and odd scraps of cloth
as your grandmothers did and have
them made into rugs to keep the floor
warm in winterl
Buy crackers in bulk and pay less
for paper wrappers.
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