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missing from his home, 725 Indepen
dence blvd., since February, found in
canal at Lemont.
Lake traffic finally opened. 17,
000,000 bushels of grain shipped.
Mrs. Julia Smith, 808 N. Dearborn,
widow of Chas. Stoddard Smih,
killed by auto in Los Angeles.
Barbour King, clerk Board of
Trade hote, who disappeared with
$104, found in Detroit. Said he was
robbed of money.
Burglars got $180 from United "Ci
gar store, '42d and Halsted. Got in
through basement of Jim O'Leary's
saloon next door.
Mrs. Lillian Washington, colored,
37 W. 51st, punched Policeman Johu
E. Wade, colored, when he arrested
her for disorderly conduct
t o o
FACTORY INSPECTOR .AGAINST
OVERTIME FOR WOMEN
Chief Oscar F. Nelson of the Illi
nois department of factory inspec
tion, in his preliminary report as a
member of the committee on labor of
the national council for defense,
calls attention to the fact that pre
vious experience shows that over
time, as in muntion and other sup
ply factories, does not result in in
"It has always been the tendency,"
says Nelson, "when unusual demand
coupled with shortage of labor puts
stress upon manufacturing busi
nesses to attempt to take advantage
of these conditions in two ways.
First, the manufacturer often pleads
for a looser interpretation or en
forcement or both of the law af
fecting female labor and child labor
as well. Second, the same condi
tions are made much of in order to
head off impending legislation or cre
ate a sentiment which makes for de
lays. "The fact that England particular
ly was confronted on short notice
with manufacturing problems similar
to our own at the present time has
made the nation's experience partic
ularly valuable to us. England has
at least 3,000,000 men at the front.
These men, withdrawn from indus
trial life, throw a large and constant
ly increasing burden upon women
wnrltprs. The experience of English
mnmifontiirarc tViorpfnrp mmnelled
to use female' labor replacing male
workers under conditions caiung ior
highest possible output, furnishes an
exact guide, drawn from stern expe
rience, as to what constitutes the
best length ofworking day.
"Among the many-English experi
ences upon which judgment may be
based is that of an English woman
factory inspector who noted that the
great Bristol clothiers found that the
normal day paid better than the nor
mal day plus an hour and one-half
overtime three nights per week.
More than that, the manager respon
sible for a factory employing over
2,000 women and girls, where, the'
normal day is from seven to six,
found that when this day had to be
reduced to eight to five by reason of
cancelled orders that the girls' out
put remained the same.
"Another English factory inspec
tor, reporting upon war-time condi
tions, states that in one case, where
the bad effect of overtime showed at
the end of the second week, the man
ager persuaded the directors to re
turn, as an experiment, for a week to
normal hours. The output and qual
ity of thfe work improved so much
during this week that the firm de
cided to keep-thf normal hours alto
"A well-known wholesale clothier
employing a thousand women on
government contracts in England
gave it as his well-considered opin
ion that work only during regular
hours was sufficient, any work be
yond that being quite useless, as it
exhausts the workers and does not
John R. Thompson, speaking
against kitchen extravagance, said
there is enough food thrown away
in U. S. to feed all Germany.