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Newspaper Page Text
HOW EACH AMERICAN MAY DO HIS BIT
BY NEWTON D. BAKER,
U. S. Secretary of War.
(Written Especially for Day Book.)
"What can the ordinary man or
woman in civil life do now to help?"
Modern war has demonstrated
thoroughly that the entire national
life must be mobilized for service to
assure success. Other wars have
been waged by uniformed armies, but
this one is being fought by popula
tions. No longer are conflicts won
and lost merely by soldiers and sail
ors. The struggle has been extended to
the machine shop, the factory, the
arsenal, the powder plant, the mill,
the handle of the plow. In modern
war every unit of the nation must be
utilized for the nation.
The efficiency of the system will
depend upon the co-ordination of all
elements with the general purpose of
transforming the mighty potentiali
ties of peace into the iresistible pow
er of war. It is the duty of the gov
ernment at such a time to co-ordinate
the man to his place. It is no
longer safe to follow the haphazard
volunteer methods of the past. A se
lective process is essential to victory.
The girding of the nation for war
will proceed along three main lines
MILITARY, INDUSTRY and RE
LIEF. In the general plan and along
one or the other of these three out
lets there is a place for every loyal
For some the opportunity is open
today and should be seized. Many
will find it through recruiting sta
tions, many through the doors of
offices or factories or hospitals, or on
farms or back yards; others through
the work of their hands or brains or
money in the line of their daily tasks.
A suburban dweller may increase
his garden plot; a city man cultivate
a corner lot; a young man enlist; an
older man organize a home guard; a
college boy stay and work in the lab-.
oratory; an engineer join the enea
neers' reserve; a woman knit dr sew
or learn ffrst aid.
But whatever the task, there
should be the realization that service
for the republic carries with it hon
or and distinction, and that under
certain conditions even death itself
may become a precious boon wheH
a man dies that a nation may live to
fulfill its destiny.
BY JOSEPHUS DANIELS
U. S. Secretary of the Navy.
(Written Especially for Day Book.)
How can 1 best serve my country?
This sentiment, repeated in nearly
every one of the letters and tele
grams reaching' me hourly, makes it
plain that the desire to serve in the
most effective way is uppermost in
the mind of every American man or
There is work for all. Men of mil
itary age who are physically fit can
best serve the navy by enlisting In
the active service. Let them help re
cruit the navy to war strength by
Let those who cannot, enlist tell
those who can that their navy needs
them. Tell them to enlist now, be
cause before they can serve efficient
ly they must be trained. That takes
months, nd by the time they are
ready new ships will be in need of
Mechanics who have had any expe
rience in modern shipbuilding should
get in touch with the navy depart
ment. Men are needed by hundreds
to push to completion ships under
construction. Tell any shipbuilding
mechanic not now employed on ships
that he owes it to his country to help
build and repair its fleet.
" All cannot serve In the first line. It
is essential to the success of our
fighting forces that there shall be no
interruption in the food supply nor
in the products of certain industries.
Those thus exempted, as well as
those unable to srve, can aid P.