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She gnoxriUc big.
BROWNLOW, HAWS & CO., Publishers.
"The union of lakes the ncicn of lands
The anioa cf Eutei none can sever
The union of bent the union of hands
And the flag of our Union forever."
Knoxville, Tenn., Aug. 2, 1865.
The Whig can be had every week at the Ncwb
uepoi l K. ii. Singleton, l'ost USict JJuilding,
Nashville, Tenn. , ' h ,
Louis McGlauflin is authorized to act as our
a cent alone the whole Pacific Coast. Eis address
is San Francisco, California.
Books! Books! Books!
There it a box of one hundred copies of "Brown
low's book on tie Rebellion" for sale at the office
of the Knoxville "Whio. Fersona wishing to
purchase can apply at said office. Trice, $1.50.
Major General Joseph A. Cooper, Colonels L. C.
Houk and R. K. Byrd, and Mr. B. Wells, candidates
frJCongress in this District, addressed the people on
Monday, 31st July. Every civil district in this
county was represented, with a large number of the
citizens of Union county, and some from Anderson
At 11 o'clock the Court House bell was rung, and
the large crowd repaired thither. On going to the
same it was found that the court room was not large
enough to accommodate the vast assemblage, where
upon the people repaired to the beautiful grove of
the Female Institute. The discussion was opened
by Col. Houk, who made a radical Union speech,
which was pointed and forcible. He advocated the
bill "limiting the elective franchise," and the loyal
ly constituted State government. He defended the
nets of Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson,
and declared against " negro suffrage." In this con
nection we will say that all the candidates for
Congress in this District have declared against en
franchising the colored man.
Col. Houk was bitter in his denunciation of Hon.
Horace Maynard, and the convention in this city
which nominated him.
CoL Byrd followed, making a similar speech to
that of Col. Houk, save that ho advocated the re
muneration of loyal men for their lost slaves. In
this the Colonel was assailed by all his opponents.
With this exception Col. Byrd's speech was well re
ceived, and pronounced by all a " good speech.''
Like Colonel Houk, ha was exceedingly bitter in
denouncing Mr. Maynard.
Mr. Wells, of McMinn, followed Col. Byrd, mak
ing a radical Union speech, and saying nolhingcr
utial of any of his opponents.
Mr. Wells speech was interrupted by a terrific
storm, which drove the people to the Court House,
where the discussion was concluded. The Court
Room was crowded to its utmost capacity, no less
than four hundred persons being present.
At the conlusion of Mr. Wells" speech, General
Cooper ascended the stand and rivetted the atten
tion of the crowd for one hour and thirty minutes
We were agreeably disappointed in the General's
speech. He has never attempted to speak more than
six or ten times. He is a farmer, and until ho en
tered upon this canvass has never taken part in pol
itics. We heard the second speech he made in this
anvas-, and his speech on Monday was a vast im
provement on the effort referred to. Gen. Cooper's
pooch was well received, and vociferously ap
plauded. Many of the "boys in blue," who fought
under the General, were present, and gave evidence
during the discussion of their admiration of their
In concluding his speech, Gen. Cooper announced
that John B. Brownlow desired the people to re
main and pass upon some resolutions he had to read
Calls from the crowd were then made for the ed
itor of this paper, who introduced the following
ro-olutions, prefacing thm with comments :
R'uAced, That we heartily endorse the course of
iir representatives in the General Assembly, Hon.
S. K. Kodgers and Maj. Charles Inman, and especi
II' their vote to " limit the elective franchise.''
A.d trhereas, Some members of General Assent
11 v declare their purpose to introduce a bill for the
n-iHiftl vl this law on the re-ssemhlin of ia T.n- i
R'flced, That it is the desire of the loyal people
i Knox county that their Kepresentatives in the !
Legislature sustain the bill disfranchising rebels
passed by the Legislature, or one more comprehen--ae
in restricting suffrage than that now on the
Loud and long continued applause followed the
reading of these resolutions, and when the vote wan
taken upon them there was but one dissenting voice.
A hearty Aye! was thundered from the vast as
semblage, and the few rebels and copperheads pres
ent had unmistakable evidence that the real peoplo
of the country have resolved that the political power
of Tennefsee shall not rn-s into the hands of traitors
who brought upon tho country a rebellion more in
famous and less justifiable than any which has cursed
humanity since " Lucifer led his cohorts of apostate
angels against the throne of God."
A National Bankrupt Law.
Though humanity and justice, and we may add
morality, called for tho enactment of a uniform
Bankrupt Law, yet, whon tho bill was introduced in
Congress in December, 18G2, a fierce howl went up
from the fault-Anders all over the country. And
though public sentiment demanded tho passage of
the law, political parlizanx seized upon it as a means
of weakening tho parly in power, and of advancing
the interests of those out of power. Those whe as
sailed the measure pretonded to do so because of its
unconstitutionality, knowing that the courts of the
country had declared it constitutional. Blackstone
says: "Laws of bankruptcy are considered as laws
calculated for the benefit of trade, and founded on
principles of humanity as well as of justice." Eng
land has proved the truth of this remark. There
the body of the debtor was the subject of inhuman
ity, until such a law was enacted
In this country ;
we have, as a general thing, aboliohcd imprisonment j
for debt, but we imprison the icill of the unfortunate j
man, however honest he may be, and there is no ;
remedy for him but in the practical operations of t
The enterprising but unfortunate citizen needs it
men of integtiiy, enterprise, talents and prudence
need it; and the wounded and well returning from
the battle-field need it, to enable them to repair their
broken fortunes. With accumulated debts and eager
creditors, the honest debtor and the country is full
of such has no power of accumulation. He dare j cal, nay, her infernal career, by the destruction of
not engage in business. Friends, although willing j ten helpless, unarmed, and utterly defenceless
to confide in him, and to loan him capital to start ' whalers. This craft was a British pirate, placed
upon, are deterred because of the eager creditor, who j in the hands of American Rebels, by the skulking,
will seke upon his first investment.' Hence, a wor- j lying, and hollow-hearted authorities of England,
thy business man is limited to a clerkship, to an ! who sought to conceal their guilty connection with
agency, which will barely keep soul and body to- j the craft. The United States Government ought to
gether. In some instances honest men, with large declare war against England for this monstrous of
and helpless families, are driven to the subterfuge of j fancc, and fight her as long as her ships can be found
doing business in other men's names. These men ! on the hir-h seas, or her squadrons are seen on land!
are kept in poverty and humiliation, and their cred- ' she has been sewing to the wind ever since the re
itow are not the gainers by any sort of means i bellion was commenced, and we ought now to make
whereas, if released, he would feel free, go to work, j her reap tho whirl-wind ! Certainly our people will
and soon make a livelihood, and something beyond require her to atone for her duplicity, bad faith,
to give to honest creditor, and as an honest man and downright participation in the rebellion.
this would be his course. I ' '
We were tho advocates of a uniform Bankrupt! TnE Louisville Journal says Major Gustavus A.
Law in 1S40, at which lime we edited the Jonesboro' Ueni7 left home in the full glow of vigorous man
jTenn.l Whig. A quarter of century has passed nood ut four J'Crtrs tave matJo tim oli
away, and our views have only teen strcnghthencd ! TLis Major Henry, or " Spread-Eagle Henry'"'
in these regards. We were not an applicant for the M uc ta9 teen c110 W8S tte "WhiS" candidate for
lenefits of such a measure then, nor are we now. I Governor of this State in 1833, against President
We advocate the measure on the score of fmtnawty, Johnson. He was always a bag-of-wind and a
j i bTlCE, and MORALITY 1 ' humbug. During the war he has been in the Rebel
,-, m ., ; . - ' 1 Senate. When he ran for Governor East Tenncs-
ClallTl AgCIlt for TenneSSeC. T, eave Wm a large majority The hoary-headed
- j old trador returned this kindness by demanding the
A, M. Hughes, Esq, hfs,tbcen appointed Claim consCE5pUon and hangicg cf our citizen. We are
Agent for this State, with his residence at Wash-, glad hcar tW h(J Js ,(()M Pity eTcry ingrate
ington. All citizens having business to be transac- like tim wcre not od livc
ted with the Federal authorities' will address Mr. j
Hughes. i Presbyterian or Union Sabbath Schools can
1 " ' j be furnished with Sunday School Books at the rate
Ole talented young friend, the efficient Commis- of ten dollars worth for five dollars, bv applyinir to
: Editor's Correspondence. I !Si
1 l lixsHViLLE, July 23th, 18C5.
; Crowded with business, and besieged by an army
of applicants to the President for pardon, I have but
littlo time to write articles for the pubF..eje
Nevertheless, I have to say that I had a pleasant
ride from Knoxville to this place. The Nashville
and Chattanooga Railroad is in better condition than
I ever saw it since the road was built. I never be
fore felt safe on that road. It is well managed by
the Government, and is supplied with some of the
best and most skilful mechanics this vast country
The trial of Cliamp Etrguum u full of interest.
but progresses slowly. The court room is daily
crowded by visitors, who watch the proceedings with
deep interest. The prisoner appears to be in good
health, and watches closely all that transpires. He
frequently advises his counsel in the examination of
witnesses. He is calm, and firm at all times, even
when his cruelties and cold-blooded murders are
proven up to the hub. His countenance never
changes, even when the witnesses recite the most
desperate acts of murder on record. The Bible ac
counts for this, in saying that some men are given
over to hardness of heart that they may believe a
lie, do deeds of violence, and be damned. Furgu
son's case fills the bill laid down in the Bible.
Nashville is sweltering with burning suns, and
melting heat distracts the old and young causing
men to run about after a breeze, dodging into the
shade of a house or a fence, panting like 6heep in a
pasture, under the rays of the sun. We have an
occasional death from sun-stroke, and an over-charge
of ice-water. Others eat too much fruit, and too
many vegetables. Brandy cock-tails, touched off
with ice and mint, are in creat demand. But few
persons call for hoi toddy or complain of Jack Frost
In every direction the perspiration flows, some use
handkerchiefs and some use their linen coat sleeves.
All seem desirous to annihilate space, and escape to
regions more cool. For myself, I sit in the Capitol,
where no air is stirring, and sigh "for a lodge in
some vast wilderness, some boundless contiguity of
The present has been a remarkable season, and
the general testimony is that finer crops of corn and
oats never grew. And so far as corn, oats, hay and
vegetables are concerned, a year of plenty, under
Providence, is to let fall its great supplies on the
foot-prints of "this cruel war.'' Some contracts
have been made for corn in Middle Tennessee at
thirty cents, but men of experience Bay it will sell
for less in the fall, even for twenty cents. Fruits are
said to be abundant, and very fine. Indeed I never
saw as fine peaches in all my life as a lady in Frank
lin has sent to me. Irish potatoes promise a large
yield. Cattle are fat, and the abundance of pastur
age puts mules and horses in fine condition.
Political matters are running high in this quarter.
The rebels seem bent upon voting, and bidding de
fiance to the Franchise act. In too many instances
Clerks allow men to register without administering
anv oath, or even asking a single question. Certain
it is that men elected in violation of the law can'
get a certificate of election at the State Department,
no matter how large their majorities may be. The
law will be adhered to, and this I announce in ad
vance of all returns.
The rebel soldiers, however, who were out in front,
and fought for the whole time of the war, are more
kindly disposed, and show less of bitterness and
less of a disposition to rebel and keep up troubles,
than these home rebels, who were never in battle,
and who are here protected by the Federal authori
ties, under the Federal laws.
One Reuben Roddy, formerly of Jonesborough, a
noted guerrilla chief, implicated in the murder of
some Union men, under a pretense of holding a
court martial over them, was arrested in Kentucky
a few days ago, and is now in the military prison at
the penitentiary in this city. He will probably
come to see that he sat his coulter a little too deep
in Upper East -Tennessee during the reign of the
rebels. Justice may overtake him after all though
a little slow in reaching him. Some letters were
found in his possession that the writer will not care
to see published.
There is some excitement at- Memphis, growing
out of the seizure by the military authorities of the
Commercial Bank. The charge against the Bank
seems to be counterfeiting and swindling generally,
both as to the Government and individuals. There
is a half million involved. Several arrests were
made, and among them Farkhani and Brooks, large
cotton agents. No particulars are made public, but
the authorities will put them through.
W. G. B.
Mr. Lincoln's Troubles.
That Mr. Lincoln made some blunders and com
mitted some mistakes during his four years conduct
war, partly through the influence of bad
councellors, and partly from a want of discernment
on his own part, will not bo denied by any candid
man who observed the progress of affairs during his
administration. But no man ever had such troubles
to contend with, and no administration ever had
such a load to carry. Bitter abuse and denuncia
tions of the government followed our first reverses;
impatient and ignorant criticism of military opera
tions came up from all quarters; a factious and dis
loyal opposition loomed up from a powerful faction
calling themselves Democrats ; discouragement and
; dispondency were sung out in Congress ; prophesies
of the utter hopelessness of success were put forth by
: tory journal of the North and North-west; com
r v 1 .
plaints of gricvious and burdensome taxations were
made from the stump; violent attacks were made
upon the government for its "arbitrary arrests" and
decrees; unmeasured abuse of the President was
heralded abroad for his suspension of the writ of
habeas corpus; then came the difficulties arising
from the inexperience of the army. These were
some of tho troubles the Government had to con
tend with, and only some. Our only astonishment
is that the administration was not swept away by
tho outburst of treachery, and that it was able to
control the storm as well as it did. Traitors and
fools often in command, and thieves handling the
funds of the Government, and speculating at tho ex
pense of the Nation, and to the disgrace of our army
both at home and abroad. But Mr. Lincoln lived
to see the rebellion put down, and his country saved
God taking the good man and noble President to
British Pirate " Alabama."
The publication of the official correspondence be
tween Secretary Sewaku and our foreign minister,
Charles Francis Adams, in December, 1862.
proves to the world that the Alabama was a British
Pirate, used against our government on the high
seas, by .the so-called Confederate authorities. She
was a British vessel, built in a British dock-yard,
by H member of the British Parliament Mr.
Laird; armed with British guns, manned with
British sailors; fitted out under the auspices of
British officials ; in defiance alike of our Minister's
remonstrances of the Foreign enlistmenfc Act of
an existing Treaty of Peace ; going to sea under
British protection, after our Minister had demanded
her detention, and commencing at once her pirati
Wliat arc tlie People to Da?
In reply to this question, we propose to make some
pertinent remarks, and we hope they maybe so con
sidered b-7 the thousands interested. Prices are high,
ard all we eat; wear, drink, or use, is going at such
extravagant rates that the majority of our people,
who have but little in the way of income, no money,
and nothing to bring it in, begin to wonder how
they shall live. As a people, we have been used to
plenty, bordering upon luxuries in every day Hie,
the poorest families enjoying them to an extent
much greater than the heretofore wealthy now ao
in the States so recently in insurrection. Whon tne
war Irst broke out,- prosperity was visible every
where, and all enioved the comforts of life upon a
larce and bountiful scale. But the four years of
war. thouca the conflict is now over, have worked a
gTeat change in aU these things, and it may be for
our ultimate good if we are wise and turn it to good
account Our people must try and dispense witn
luxuries that cost so much, at least for few years
Fine broad cloths, silk laces, and many of the arti
cles worn by both centlemen and ladies, all of which
are up among the high figures, may be, dispensed
with for a time, at least until our farmers and me
chanics aeaia eet under way. It seems hard to think
of banishing from our tables and wardrobes the lux
uries we have so long enjoyed ; but this sffcrifice must
h mada. or manv of us will come to utter ruin.
The war and its hardships have taught us how cheap
we can live, and how much we can do without Let
our men wear their old clothes, and old hats and
old boots, as long as they are at all comfortableand
decent. Let our women do with fewer fine dresses,
and not vainly imagine that their bonnets, mantles,
and other costly articles, are unfashionable before
they are half worn, or even soiled by use. Our stock,
hogs, cattle, sheep, horses, as well as fences and farm
ing utenBils, are all to replace, and economy, good
management and untiring industry, are called for in
all quarters, and among all classes. With good
health and a little time, the stout arms, resolute wills,
and great enterprise of our people, will bring all
right again, and show a state of prosperity and a
degree of advancement that none of us now hope
for. We must bring the expense of living within
our means. We must all contract our expenses and
lighten our burdens, if we would ride out of the
storm of a financial crisis, growing out of past
events. Every person must act on his own account,
as there cannot be any concert of movement in a
work of this kind.
In winding up the war, thousands will be thrown
out of office who must rely upon their own efforts to
support themselves and families. Socrates was once
offered a Government office that would relieve his
poverty and enable him to live in better style,
to which he replied: "Meal is but a penny a peck
in Athens, and water I can get for nothing ;" in ef
fect saying that so long as he could live so cheap he
would not be dependent on the government for sup
port The great American philosopher, Dr. Frank
lin, exhibited similar wisdom when urged to pub
lish a scandalous article in his newspaper, with the
promise that it would bring him in the support of
many wealthy and influential citizens. His reply
- was : " Last night I made my supper from a penny
loaf and a cup of Water, and slept soundly on the
floor of my office, and so long as I can do this, there
is no need of prostituting the columns of my paper
for gain.". ' i
We could extend these remarks, but the fruitful
mind of the reader will supply what is omitted
We claim to have redeemed the pledge we gave in
the outset that of making some pertinent remarks
in which our people are deeply interested.
Abolitionists and Secessionists.
! For years past the extreme men of the North,
j holding ultra abolition sentiments, and the worst j
j class of fire-eaters at the South, holding disunion
sentiments, have been laboring to destroy our blood
j bought Union. These men have represented tho
i original abolitionists and secessionists. Tho first
j class hold that the Constitution is "a covenant with
death and a league with hell;" the last named have
long since repudiated the Constitution, grown sick
j of a republican form of Government, and called for
j a change. The joint conspiracy of these two par
i ties reached its extreme point in its wicked designs
j against the liberty of the American people when
! this war was inaugurated. For years these two
malignant factions have worked heartily together,
plotting the same end, though for different purposes.
The one sought to perpetuate slavery, and the other
to destroy it And Btrange to relate, each thought
that in order to success the Union must bo destroyed.
: The plans of the secessionists, in this criminal part- j
i nership, culminated in the act of levying war against !
the United States, and in tho establishment of the
j most abominable military despotism over the South- j
j ern portion of the country that ever disgraced a j
' civilized race of men. The plans of the other por- j
tion culminated in bringing one million of men into !
the field to defend the Union, and in hurrying hun- j
dreds of thousands to their graves from the loyal j
and disloyal States, leaving widows and orphans to
mourn and to suffer for tho want of the necessaries
of life. This fearful state of things, brought about !
by the co-operating forces of these two malignant
parties, ought to bo visited upon them by tho real
people to the latest generation. Think of the blood
and treasure it has cost to try and save the country
from this foul conspiracy. Let it be always and dis
tinctly remembered who these partners in iniquity
were, and lot them always and distinctly feel the
consequences. The war of abolition leaders, few in
number, upon the Social Order of the South, gave
a pretext for secession. But the South is the more
criminal, because, without the stupendous folly of
the rebellion, the abolition party would have been
utterly powerless for mischief. But the plot was
contrived with Satanic ingenuity on the part of the
South. She contrived to divide her national conven
tions, first at Charleston and next at Baltimore, and
to secure the election of a Republican candidate,
and then turned about and claimed thai this was a
sufficient cause for war. Hence the dismal dilemma
into which they have plunged the country.
Information was given to the War Department
in the Spring of 1863, that the Circumsised Hebrews
of the different portions of the country were carry
ing on an amount of smuggling, through military
lines, that was perfectly astounding. They followed
up our army, and stored contraband goods of every
immaginable description; in many instances to
smuggle through the lines, and in others to await
the abandonment of the several positions by the
Federal army. Obtaining a permit to visit the ar
my, they carry along a small stock of common
goods, as they say, '"a few little tings for do poys,"'
and with these they would cover their illegal traffic.
They would then hunt out a rebel citizen or trader,
who became their agent, storing their goods until
an opportunity presented to dispose of them to the
South, at the highest prices ever given in this ur any
But for the amount of contraband goods smuggled
through our lines by Jews and others, the rebellion
could not have lasted as long as it has. We give
one instance by way of illustration. The reports of
the Special Agent of the Treasury Department, to
Mr. Secretary Chase, shows that there were shipped
to Memphis alone, in four months, ending with De-
cember, 1862, three million and a half dollars
wortn ol goods, oi an uescnptions : Every man of j
sense must see that in the disturbed condition of the
country, and in the scattered condition of the peo-1
pie, not one-third of this amount was used in Mem
phis and its surroundings. The greater portion,
therefore, were smuggled through to Dixie.
Similar work was going on at all other points
Louisville, Cincinnati, Nashville, Washington, Bal
timore, Fortress Monroe, and even St. LouL and
principally by Jeurs. These people were not the peo
ple to go into the war, but took sides with the party
strongest where they were, and were all things to
all men for the sake of money.
Dr. Frank A. Ramsey.
We call attention to the "Card" of this nentle
man "which appears in our paper
this week. Dr.
Ramsey is an old resident of Knoxville, where ho1
W m.nv fronds. He has recently settled in Mem- !
has many friends. He has recently settled in Mem
phis, in this State, for the practice of his profession.
Wc doubt whether their is in Tennessee a more skil
ful physician and surgeon than Dr. R.
We have seen his skill in the treatment of the
senior editor and proprietor of this paper whilo
The office of the Agent of the Treasury Depart
nw! , ht,,bon , removed ,t- ,lba building. en. the
Proposition to 'Assassinate A
drew Johnson, f ;
Tho Nashville Union of June 28 Bays: We made
mention some days ago of tlie fact thai a letter had
been discovered amongst the archives of the State
recently captured, addressed to Governor Harris,
proposing to assassinate Governor Johnson. 4 The
following is a copy of tho letter : i
"Lafayette Depot,11 April 24, 1862.
"Governor The excuse I offer at present for
addressing vou is. that I believo good can be ac
complished to the public through me. I reside, or
did, in Franklin, Williamson county, Tennessee;
am well known to the editors nu ruoiisners ot me
Union and American especially to Mr. James O.
Griffin, who knows my past political affiliations
and present status. I belong to the First Tennes
see regiment (Mancy's); was the first in my coun
try to volunloor. New, what 1 wish is this, for you
to interfere for me to go to Middlo Tennessee and to
capture or kill that vile traitor Andrew Johnson.
I can do it because 1 Know j kmyiho, nu am noi
generally known there; and, moreover, if when I
ir.t there I find I can't accomplish my object I
want authority to raise a company or companies of
guerrillas in Middle Tennessee, ia imrrass me sniau
garrisons in the towns of that division of the
State. :'.. "
"T m well aemiainled in all w counties.
T fpr ihA pnnmv will treat our men behind loo
kindly, thereby, converting thorn to Yankees. Kill
ing a few pickets, etc, would soon terminate their
damnable civilitv. Be so kind as to address me
thus at Corinth 'S. J. Cooko, company D, Manoy's
rcjriment, Tennessee Volunteers, anu omige.
"Most, resnecimiiv. vours. u- vuum.
ur .. I refer you besides to Senator Hill and
Representative House, lrom t miamson.
The Etheridge Case.
Amrtkation in behalf ef Emerson Etheridge for the
writ of naocas vurpus 1 iwiw -ct,m.
Nashville, Ten., July 21, 18G5. To Lt. Col
P. T. DcBussey, Columbus, Ky. : Make the follow
ing return to the writ of habeas corpus in the case
of Emerson Ethcridgc:
To the Hon. C. S. Marshall, Judge of the First
Judicial Circuit of Kentucky: I hereby acknowl
edge the service of the writ of habeas corpus attached
and return the same, and respecuuiiy repiy inai j
am instructed by Major General Thomas, comman
ding military division of the Tennessee, to say that
the body of Emerson Ethcridgo is in my posses
sion under and by virtue of an order of the Presi
dent of tho United States, bearinz date War De
partment Adjutant General's office, Washington,
July 17th, 1864, and for the purpose of said order
expressed to-wit :
" And whereas, on tho lDth of September last,
tho President of the United State3 duly issued his
proclamation, wherein he declares that tho privi
lege of habeas corpus should be suspended through
out the United States in the cases where, by the au
thority of the President ol tne United fetates, mm-
tary, navai and civil omcers oi mo u nuea oiaius,
or any of them hold persons unler their command.
or in custody, cither as prisoners of war, spies or
abettors of the enemy :
"And wheroas, many citizens of tho State of
Kentucky have joined the force of the insurgents
and such insurgents have, on several occasions en
tered the said btato ot Jvcnttieky in large lorce, and
not without aid and comlort lurnished by aisanec.
ted and disloyal citizens of tho United States resl
ding therein, have not only disturbed tho public
peace, but havo overborne tne civil autnorities, and
made flagrant civil war, destroying proporty and
life in various parts of that Slate:
" And whereas, it has been mado known to tho
President of tho United States by tho officers com
manding the National armies, that combinations
havo been formed in tho said State of Kentucky
with a purpose of invitirz Rebel forces to renew
the said operations of civil war within said State,
ana merciy embarrass iim u mm outu-s ai mica nun
operating in tho States of Virginia and Georgia, and
even to endanger their safety :
" Now, therefore, 1, Abraham Lincoln, President
of tho United States, by virtue of tho authority
vested in mo by the Constitution and law, do hereby
declare that, in my judgment, the public safety es
pecially requires that the supunsion of the privilege
of the writ of habeas corpus, so proclaimed in the
said proclamation of the 15th of September, 1861,
. .i i i .1 . i c'i . , : , .
be made c fleet ual and be duly enforced in and
throughout tho said State of Kentucky, and that
martial law be established therein, to take effect
from the date of this proclamation; the said sus
pension and establishment of martial law to con
tinue until this proclamation shall bo revoked or
modified, but not beyond the period when the said
rebellion shaii have been suppresscdor comes to an
"And I do hereby require and command all mili
tary officers, as well as civil officers and authorities
existing or found within the said Stale of Kentucky,
to take notice of this proclamation, and give full
effect to the same'
The said Emerson Elhcridgc having aided and
abetted the enemy, and disturbed the peace by so
dilious and inflammatory speeches, denouncing the
Government of the State of Tennessee and the
President and Government of the United Stales, is
clearly included in tho class named in the order of
tho President, and that I do not produce said body
by reason of said order of the President of tho
I United States.
In directing tlih return to tiie writ, General Thom
as regrets that there should be any conflict between
the civil and miliUry authorities. At the same
time tho petitioner, Mr. ElherMge, will remember
that the issue was not of General Thoma.V seeking,
but was forced upon him by Mr. Ethridgc.
By command of Major General Thomas.
Wm. D. WmrPLE,
Hi iir. Gen. and Chief of Stall'.
Tlic President's Views of the Punish
ment or Traitors.
There arc several important passages in Andrew
Johnson's address to tho Pennsylvania delegation,
which should be conspicuously beforo the public,
as follows :
"There can be no liberty without law; but
law is useless unless it is enforced. You can have
no Union without law, you can have no liberty
without law ; the crimes of tho country should be
defined by law."
"Treason is denned in your Constitution and
in tho acts of Congress, and the law should bo en
forced that those who have incurred tho penalty
should be mado to pay it.
"But of the conscious, intelligent leaders
who have involved tho country in this rebellion,
and caused innocent and deluded men to commit
treason, I shall only say that their crime should be
punished, and they should meet their fate accord
ing to law."
. "Human executive clemency may sometimes
be of doubtful propriety. Mercy is considered one
of the highest attributes of Divinity and in some
cases it may be well to leave its exercises to Him
who controls and judgos all."
... "Wo havo heard that mercy has been slain.
Mercy may be destroyed, but I trust in God that
justice has been preserved. Applause Mercy has
been slain, and it is for tho American people to see
that justice shall be done for tho overthrow cf
Tho foregoing sounds very like the doleful sounds
heard in tho drama of "Lucretia Borgia," just be
fore the upright coffins are revealed to the horrified
gaze of tho revellers.
Elder J. K. Graves.
This notorious Baptist preacher, born, raided and
educated in New England, settled in Tennessee and
was an avowed anti-slavery man. He pitched into
the rebellion with more zeal than any drunken sol
dier at the South, and became more intolerant than
any commissioned hangman in th service of Jetl.
Davis. About nine months after the rebellion was
inaugurated, Graves turned rrp at Richmond, claim
ing to be the inventor of a new kind of pike is said
to have been commissioned as Colonel raised a reg
ment and entered tho rebel service, only on paper !
Graves really stole tho pattern from old John
Brown's pike, which Governor Harris placed in tho
Slate Library at Nashville. Graves attached to
this pike a sort of spring, by tho touch of which
! tho snonr rlnrls out at tllC C
nd ol the nolo. Oravcs
j is onc cf thog0 Southern priest-, who, like HuJebras
.4 build their faith upon
The holy text of pike and gun,
Decide all controversies by
And prove their doctrine orthodox,
By Apostolic blows and knocks.'!
We cas Defeat Maj. Heiskell for Con
gress, who is supported by the rebels and coppcr-
j heads of Knoxville, if wo poll our full strength.
We have little doubt we can do so without polling
i our full strength, but the possibility of his election
must be guarded against. Every loyal man rau:t be
at his post to-morrow, and do his whole duty. Let
native. " a Ion" null, and a strong rull," and the
j hearts of patriots throughout tho nation will
with unutterable joy.
w .- n r 1 cj .
The President has appointed Calvin Brown of .
2?- J-, Consul at Augsburg; Aaron Gregg, cf Ten- ,
nessee, Consul at Kingston, Jamaca; John II. Gib-
bon, Assayer of tho Branch Mint at Charlotte, JN .
C; Charles Durkee, formerly United SUtes Sena
tor from Wisconsin, Governor of Utah; William
H. Wallace, Governor of Idaho, in place of Caleb
Lyon. Tho former was lately a delegato in Con
gress from that Territory.
Mr. Tratt, a Republican incmbor of the Connec
ticut Legislature, declares that Connecticut is a
snt7ivrf;rn Rfof.V fV,o! cl.n r.liTin hn 1 ho rirht to
say wholhall err shall not vote in her clcctiocs-r-,
pm tl'ot T Inw of f Vn or" ..can il
r.tcrf-r m the'!
How Febtc Tallica In 1S63 ;
Foote has applied for a paru
:i; W.lliam Porcher
Miles, of South Carolina, will in dua course t f time.
It will be well to call to miad tho position these
eminent "Unionists," as they woula call themselves
now, occupied in 1863. In December of that year
Mr. Foote introduced in the rebel Congress a resolu
tion' announcing the invincible determination of the
" the people of the Confedcrato Spates to flgnt on,
being fully prepared to encounter far greater dan
gers and suffer far greater sacrifices than they had
yet endured, 4 .
in preference to holding any further political con
nection with a Government ana peopia-woo
notoriously proven themselves contemptuously re
gardless of the rights and privilege which beloBg
to a state of civirfroedom, as weU as of all the most
sacred usages of civilized war.
The preamble of this resolution was expressed in
the following language :
Whereas. A copv of the truly characteristic Tree
lamation of Amnesty, recentlj issued by the imbe
cile and unprincipled usurper who now sits en-
mroned upon tne rums oi constitutional noerty in
Washington City, has been received and read by the
members of the House.
Mr. Miles regretted the introduction of the reso
Tho true and only treatment which that miserable
and contemptible despot (Lincoln) should receive at
the hands of this House was silent and unmitigated
contempt This resolution would appear to dignify
a paper emanating from mat wretcned and aciesia
ble abortion, whose contemptible emptiness and
folly would only receivo the ridicule of the'civilized
world, lie moved to lay the subject on me iaoie.
Mr. Foote was willing that the preamble and res
olution should be tabled, with the understanding
that it would indicate the unqualified contempt of
the House for Abraham Lincoln and his .message
and Proclamation alluded to.
The resolution was finally tabled as an expression
Rebel Abandoned Property.
For the information of all concerned, I publish
tho following "Order" from the President of the
United States, with reference to abandoned prop
" Ordered, That all officers of the Treasury De
partment, all military officers, and all others in the
service of the United States, turn over to tho au
thorized officers of said bureau, all abandoned lands
and property contemplated in said act of Congress,
approved March 3d, 1865, establishing the Bureau
of Refugees, Frcedmen, and Abandoned Lands,
that may now be under or within their control.
They will also turn over to such officers all funds
collected by tax or otherwise, for the benefit of refu
gees or frcedmen, or accruing from abandoned lands
or property eet apart for their use, and will transfer
to them all official records connected witn tno ad
ministration of affair3 which pertain to said bureau.'
Brig. Gen. Clinton B. Fisk is Assistant Commis
sioner for Kentucky and Tennessee of the Bureau
of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Property.
General Fisk's headquarters are at Nashville.
John R. Henry, Esq., is Special Agent of thi3
Bureau for East Tennessee, and has exclusive con
trol of abandoned property in East Tennessee. As
Assistant Special Agent of the Treasury Depart
ment, I have nothing to do with abandoned prop
erty. Mr. nenry's office is in the Custom House,
and this office is in the building on the North-west
corner of Gay and Asylum streets.
John B. Brownlow,
Astst. Spec. Ayt. Treas. Dept.
A Copperhead Judge.
The course of Mr. Justice Wylie, of the Supreme
Court of tho District of Columbia, in attempting to
arrest the execution ot one ol tne convicted assas
sins by issuing a writ of Juibeas corpus upon ihe
military officers having the criminal in charge, at
tho moment when the sentence of tho Court, under
the approval and by diroction of the President, was
about to be carried into effect, was a most character
istic procecdincr. Attempted when Washington
City was yet under martial law, it deserves to be
classed amoner the startling events of these start
ling times. The prompt and emphatic disregard of
the writ by direction of the President constrained
Judge Wylio to reconsider and withdraw it a ne
cessary, thoutrh a very awkward amende. Judge
Wvlie has more than once yiolded to the appeals of
the enemies of tho Government; but his effort of
vesterdav deserves the discredit ef being more open
and offensive than that of a former occasion. He
seh-.ed a neriod. or responded to a call from the coun
scl of Mrs. Surratt, when he knew that tho Exccu
tivo and every member of his Cabinet was necessa
rilv carrisoncd by an armod guard, (a precaution
rendered more essential by lato events.) to aid them
in sotting at defiance a solemn judgment reached
after a patient, impartial, and laborious examma
tion ; and to give the benefits of the civil courts to
one whose eruilt had been placed entirely beyond
question or rescue. But the President was not to be
diverted from his duty by judicial interference and
intimidation. The only result of tho issuing of the
writ was to give to Judge Wylie an opportunity to
show his hostility to the policy of President John
son as he had shown his hostility to the policy of
The above wo clip from the Washington Chron
icle, the official organ of the administration of Tres
ident Johnson, as it was of President Lincoln.
Somo of tho meanest partizans and mot corrupt
men in the country occupy the exalted position of
Judgo. Appointed for life, while falsely and hypo
critically claiming to be hostile to the monies of the
country, these men betray the trust confided to them
and avail themselves of every opportunity to aid tho
enemies of tho friends of tho government.
The late Chief Justice of the United Suites Su
prcme Court, Roger B. Taney, was a corrupt parti-
zan and bad man. AVhen ho died not many months
ago, a heart ceased to beat whose every pulsation
was in unison with bloody-handed slavery and re
Letter of Major General Thomas.
Below we publish the admirable letter of General
George H. Thomas to the 'Secretary of State, Col
Fletcher. General Thomas declares that Tonnes
soe is still under martial law, tho only sort of law
which rebels and copporheads respect. Tho letter
will be read with great interest, and will strengthen
tho attachment which every loyal Tennesseean
cherishes for it3 illustrious author : .
Secretary's Office. 1
Nashville, Tenn, July 2Gth, 1865.
& C. Mercer, Esq., Editor of ihe Press and Times :
Sin: In order that there may bo no misunder
standing of the relations existing between the civil
and military authorities in this State, I am permit
ted by General X nomas to publisu tlie tollowing let
ter, addressed to me during tho late absence of the
Governor. The letter is clear and direct, and in
every respect such as might be expected from it3 il
A. J. Fletcher,
Secretary of State.
H'l'j'B Miiitirv Divisi'X or the Trf.-i:i:, )
Kaille, T.'nu., July r, l.v.
Hun. A. J. Fletcher, Secretary of Stale, State of Ten
nessee, Xashville :
Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt
of your communications of the 10th and 12th inst.,
enclosing telegraphic instructions from Governor
I am only awaiting a report from Col. Do Bassey,
to determine what action to take in the case of
Emerson Etheridge. If ho has been guilty of tho
language charged against him, he is clearly amena-
ble to the military authority, in the absence of the
civil, and liable to be tried bciore a Military Lorn-
mission. Since my attention has been called to the
speeches of other parties, I have carefully read all
reports of such speeches which have appeared in
the newspapers, and yet have not seen any report
which would justify the interference of the military
If, however, there be in the judgment of the Gov
ernor at any time a necessity for such interference,
in conscquenco of an inability or indisposition on
tho part of the civil authority of the State to take
action, an expressiorl of such a desire, either on the
part of the Governor, or by yourself in behalf of the
I Governor, stating the inability or indisposition of the
civil authorities to act, will be sufficient, and 1 will
cause the parties complained of to be attended to
according to the nature of their cases.
Tho State of Tennessee is still under martial law?
but tho military authority will not be resorted to
unless the civil authority fails to act, cither from
inability or indisposition.
Even in the event of failure on tlie part of the
civil authorities to do their duty, the military should
refrain from interfering in all minor cases, because
the military should, as far as possible, sustain tho
civil government, and never assume its functions ex
cept in cases in which prompt action is necessary to
ensure tlie public safety.
In conclusion, tho Governor .may ret assured
that he will bo fully sustained in carrying out the
policy of the General and State Governments as
long as troops remain on duty in the State.
Your obedient servant,
' Geo. 'IL Thomas, ' "
Major General U. S. A, Comd'g.
The following is credited to tha
tian Advocate :
In a negro class-meeting in Richmond, Sam
Johnson was called on to pray, and before he had
closed his prayer the leader called out, "Sam John
son, you may take your seat, and let Bruddcr Sug
den pray, he is better acquainted wid da Lord dan
you. Another was called to speak, and alter speaK-
ing about five minutes was called to order, and told
If no co:Id nt STek nrc to de iirt. dsn dat, . he
Old Ecbci Documents.
We copy the following documents from the Knox
ville FeyL ter of 1861. They will be perused in this
locality with interest :
-. ... , . A CA.
Minute men, rally and orcanii without delay to repel
the invader! The undersirned wants 1,090 able bodied
Minute Men to come forth without delay, and organize to
meet the Lincoln invaders, and drive them eut of the
land, or punish their temerity.
Brins yonr firelocks whether rifle. muket or hot-
guns and provide yourselves with at least 28 rounds ef
powder and ball.
We want mounted men. and as many of you as can
mount yourselves on your best animals and repair without
delay to our rendervou in Knoxville.
We want lo,marcB to meet tho mmt who lew threat
en to pollute our soil with his impious feet
There Is danger in delay, and ir you with to render
useful service, rally at once.
R. B. REYNOLDS.
w- T . left
JvnoxTiiie. iov. o9 ion. i
T,t the. Citizens of East Tennetsee.
So lunz as the.quettion of Union or Disunion was
JcbAteable. so lone vou did well to debate it and vote on
it You had a clear right to vote for the Union, but
when Secession was established by the voice of the peo
ple, you did ill to distract the country by angry words
and insurrectionary tumult. In doing this you commit
the highest crime known to the laws.
Out of the Southern Confederacy no people pows such
elements of prosperity and happiness as thote of East
Tennessee. The Southern markets which you have hith-
arto in veil onlv in competition with a host of eager
Northern rival, will now be sfiared witn a lew ciaies oi
the Coneracy equally fortunate, politically ana geo
graphically. Every product ef your agriculture and
workshops will now find a prompt sale at high price, and
so lonz as cotton crows on Confederate soil, so long will
tho money it brings, flow from the South through all your
channels of trade.
At this moment you might be at war with the United
States, or any foreign nation, and yet not suffer a tenth of
the evils, which pursue you in this Domestic strife. Ho
man's life or property is safe, no woman or child can
sleep in quiet You are deluded by selfish demagogues
who take care for their own personal safety, i ou are
citizens of Tennessee, and your State one of the Confed
So long as you are up in arms against these States can
you look for anything but the invasion of your homes,
and the waisting of your substance ? This condition
of things must be ended. The Government com
mands the peace and sends troops to enforce the order. I
proclaim that every man who comes in promptly and
delivers up his arms will be pardoned on taking the oath
of allegiance. All men taken in arms aeainet the Gov
ernment will be transported to the military prison at Tus
caloosa, and be connned mere during the war. Bridge
burners and destroyers of railroad track are excepted
from among those pardonable. They will be tried by
drum head court martial and be hung on the spot.
Headquarters, Greene ville, E. Tenn.,
Nov. UO, 1S61.
State of Tennessee,
Nashville, July 28th, 1863.
To Wm. J. Andrews, Esqn Mayor of Columbia, Ten
Sis : I am in receipt of your letter of the 26th
inst, and hasten to reply. You assure me in brief
that you have given your influence to upholding the
State Government; that General Order No. 9, is
sued by Major General Thomas, suspending you
lrom pertorming tne uuues oi your omce, was oasea
upon misrepresentations made to the General, and
you call upon me to secure for you a fair hearing.
1 ou will observe lrom tne letter oi .aiajor uen-
that martial law is still in force in Tennessee. Our
rebellious people have not yet given sufficient assu
rances of returning loyalty to the General Govern
ment to warrant tho withdrawal of the military
power or the abandonment of military courts. It
is not strange that the authorities should distrust a
people who, for four years, have applied every
means at their command to destroy the nation. In
deed, it is a great concession on the part of the Gen
eral commanding to declare that the military will
" sustain the civil government, and never assume its
functions except in cases in which prompt action is
necessary to ensure the public safety." Neverthe
less, until our people have given conclusive evidence
of their intention to obey all our laws, both State
and National, you, and I, and all citizens are alike
liable to be arrested and tried according to the forms
of military procedure.
It is extreme! v imrjortant that all conflict between
the civil and military authorities should be avoided.
i or, as we are now situated, just out of a rebellion,
in which our people refused to lay down their arms
till they were forced to do so at the point of the bay
onet, the civil government is only allowed to pro
ceed by permission of tho military. Hence I deeply
regret the occurrence at Columbia, but the high
character of General Thomas for prudence, justice,
and patriotism, warrant me in assuring you that he
will gladly receive and impartially consider any
testimony you may wish to present in your behalf.
You aro accused of using your official power in
tho oppression of the freed people of Columbia, and
in preventing their instruction in the art of reading,
etc. While it is true that our past habits and life
long prejudices are apt to betray us into acts of the
kind attributed to vou. still the wronffisavervreat
one. For it combines cruelty to the weak and de
pendent, and ingratitude to those whose unrequited
toil we have enjoyed tr generations past. Whatev
er you and I may think of slavery or its abolition,
the negro is innocent of both. Whatever we may
think of the merits of the late rebellion, we must
recognize its results. Ihe relation of master and
slave is at end. The legal obligation, a3 well as the
legal rights of the master no longer exist. The negro,
poor and illitorate from long enslavement, socially
ignored and still donied the rights of citizenship, is
cast upon our hands for social and political treat
ment, our plain practical duty as christians and cit
izens, is not to oppress him or treat him with con
tempt, but to instruct him in religion and civiliza
tion, and by every moans in our power to qualify
him for tho exercise of these civil rights which are
probably in reserve for him. Tha protection of their
masters is withdrawn, a'nd they must be protected
in the future as we are, by the Government. And
if the civil tribunals refuse that protection, we must
not complain if the military autnorities come to the
rescue. Such is supposed to be the object of Gen
eral Order No, 0, of which you complain. And I
sincerely hope you may be able to show that there
was no necessity for any interruption in your case.
And yet I see no sufficient grounds for interference
or intercession in your case. You are suspended
from office, not deposed, and will no doubt be fur
ther heard. The charge being made upon informa
tion deemed sufficient by the Major General com
manding, it is eminently proper that you should in
the meantime refrain from the performance of offi
cial duties. I am, your ob't. servant,
W. G. Browslow,
Gov. of Tennessee.
A correspondent of the Baltimore American says :
"Among the recent conversions to loyalty, good
will and common sense, we note that of Howell
Cobb. Let us hope that the repentance is as sincere
as its proclamation is emphatic. Tne loyal men
may know how vast the change is when a rebel re
turns 1 from tne error of kis ways, I send the fol-
lowins extract from a report of Lewis H. Steiner,
M. D., containing a diary kept during the rebel oc
cupation ot x redenck. inere are otner interesting
incidents related of this rebel Major General while
in Maryland, of similar purdort. Ur Steiner says :
" Their apologies for regimental bands were vile
and excruciating. Ihe only real music in their col
umn to-day wa3 lrom a bugle blown by a nero.
Drummers and lifers of the same color abound in
their ranks. The men seemed generally disinclined
to insult our citizens. But there were conspicuous
exceptions. A drunken, bloated blackguard on
horseback for instance, with the badge of a Major
General on his collar, understood to be one llowell
Cobb, formerly Secretary of the United States
Treasury, on passing the house of a prominent sym
pathizer with the rebellion, removed his hat in an
swer to the waving of handkerchiefs, and reined his
horse up, called on "his boys" to give three, cheers.
"Three more, my boys, three more." Then, look
ing on at the silent crowd of Union men on the
pavement, he shook his fist at them, saying, "Oh,
you d d long-faced Yankees. Ladies, take down
their names, and I will attend to them personally
when I return." In view of the fact that this was
addressed to a crowd of unarmed citizens, in the
presence of a large body of armed soldiery, flushed
with success, the prudence to say nothing of the
bravery of these remarks, may be judged by any
man oi common wuse.
Or J. W. Patterson & O. in this city, can be
purchased on fair terms, by wholesale or retail
Groceries, Boots, Shoes, Queensware and Dry
Good. Patterson & Co. also have a largo amount
of Liquors. While examining dry goods in their
store we saw Col. John Williams and Judze K. E.
Butler sample the whisky. They both pronounced
it cpkntlid and they are both excellent judges of
good liquor. Col. W.'s appreciation of a good thing
may be inferred from his " Toast" on thia occasion.
" Then to the Lord old Noah said,
The water now tastes very bad ;
Because there have been drowned therein
All beasts and mankind in their sin
TLi therefore, Lord, I ever think
I would prefer some other drink."
Judge BntlerV Advertisement.
Wo call attention of our readers to the advertise
ment of Hon. K. K. Butler, Judge of 1st Judicial
Circuit. Judge B. calls upon all who drew pensions
beforo the war commenced, to come to Knoxville
and have their pension certificates renewed.
Judge B. has received instruction from the Com
missioner of Tensions to renew tho certificates of
all loyal old Pensioners.
The Judge i3 entirely reliable nnd the very
man to attend to this business.
It is getting to bo a prevalent opinion that Pres
ident Johnson means what he says and does what
The Lojalists cf Tennessee.
From the Cincinnati Gazette, July 21.
We print below the official correspondence and
the resolutions of the Tennessee Legislature, rel
ative to the action of the General Assembly of
Ohio urging relief for the devoted loyalists of East
Tennessee. It is a part of the history of the great
rebellion, and has a deep significance to the thought
ful. The delay in the transmission of the resolu
tions is explained in the letter of Secretary Fletcher:
A LETTER FROM SECRETARY FLETCHER.
Stats or Tui'iitticr. Ehi ttivh DtpiiTinf Jnt I.
To tha Hon. William Henry Smith, Secretary of State of
Dl oi vho Sir: The following isolation wu
adopted Wre my election to the office of Scretary of
State, and at time when the office was racant, which
will account fcr thu delay in its transmission. I much
regret the deUy, kjt Bop1 the mro pBtenU A,
your Lepslatun, has Bw prob- aa;urneu and its
members navo gone tn, bome, the wishes of the Lea--Ulature
and the people or T.nnes!e) wiu u proDblT
subserved by the publication of resoUtion in the pa
pers of your State.
Being myseir one oi mo ?uuenng loyalists of Ea.--t
Tennessee, compelled to soek subsistence for BTclf &n.l
lamuy norm oi me udio, i o n-u anj Know how to
appreciate, that noble State, and bee leave to tender bt
own individual expression of gratitude to your people f0T
me generosity ana puunc pjiru, as manuesieti on behalf
of my suffering countrymen and bleeding country. With
tne highest esteem, yourooedient servant.
A. J. tLKTcnr.R, Secretary or State.
RESOLIT10SS Or THE TESJESilES LEGISLATORS.
Whereas, The Oeneral Assembly of tho State of Ohio
did, on the 31st of March, 1 "til, pass a joint resolution
instructing their Senators and requesting their Kepresen
tatives in Congress to use their influence to hare enacted
propeT laws to feed, clothe and furnish transportation to
the destitute people of East Tennessee, who, by the rava
ges of war, were compelled to leave their homes, and seek
homes in a strange land, among strangers; and, whereas.
said resolutions was, in the opinion ot the people of East
Tennessee, one or the legitimate offsprings of patriotism
and love of country of tha gallant and self-sacrificing
people of Ohio', and strengthening the bonds of friendship
and brotherly love exi-ting between the loyal people ot
Ohio and Tennessee : Therefore, be it
Resolved, by the General Assembly of the State of
Tennessee, That the thanks of the State Tennessee are
tendered to the people of Ohio, through their Legislature,
for the manifestation of confidence and esteem, and for
this Christian and patriotic c.Ter to relieve the destitute
of our State.
Resolved, That the Secretary of State be and he is
hereby instructed to transmit immediately a copy of this
preamble and resolutions to the Secretary of the State of
Ohio, with a request that he lay the same before the Leg
islature of Ohio, now in session. Wm. Heiskell,
Speaker of the House of Representative.
Saxcel R. Rogers,
Speaker of the Senate.
Adopted, April 11, 1365.
secretary smith's ackmowlkpgmest.
Tub State ok Ohio, Office' ok the Secretart or
State, Columbus, July 2rt, ISoi. To Hon. A.J. Fletch
er, Secretary of the State of Tennessee Sir: I have the
honor and pleasure of acknowledging the receipt of yonrt
of the 1st inst., transmitting resolutions of the Legisla
ture of the btate of Tennessee in respente to the action
of the General Assembly of this State expressing sym
pathy for the noble citizens of East Tennessee when suf
fering under the tyranny of tho Rebel Confederacy.
iou rightly interpret the spirit that prompted such ac
tion on the part of our representatives, as in keeping
with the patriotism that impelled the - people of Ohio to
volunteer in defense of a common nationality. We loved
and honored the true friends of the country wherever
found, and would have been recreant to every obligation
of American citizenship, if we had failed to yield every
thing demanded for their protection.
With a common interest in hoMin tno irrcat alley of
the Mississippi nnder tho control of onc glorious Amer
ican Union of States. Ohio will ever be ready to join
hands with Tennessee, in favor of so high and worthy an
Iam sir, very re?pectlully, your obedient servant.
Wm. Henry Smith,
Secretary of State.
Another Dispatch from tne President
to Gov. lirowniow.
" Tn K I. AW ii-.t nc lYtriiTvn A v n Til C nvit A i'.
The following dispatch cives renewed assurance
that the President is determined that the State Gov
ernment shall be sustained, and malcontents and
copperheads crushed out. He warmly endorses the
Governor's address and proclamations, which such
papers as the dailies of Memphis, where they hold
elections in contempt of the franchise law, denounce
as false and slanderous:
Washixutox, July "JO 1805.
Hon. W. O. Brownlow:
I hope and have no doubt you will see that the
recent amendments to the Constitution of the State
as adopted by the people, and all laws passed by the
last Legislature in pursuance thereof, are faithfully
and fairly executed, and that all illegal votes in trie
approaching election be excluded from the polls,
and the election lor members ol tongress be legally
and lairiy conducted, wncn and wherever it be
comes necessary to employ for the execution of the
laws and the protection of the ballot box from vio
lence and fraud, you are authorised to call upon
Major General Thomas for sufficient military force
to sustain the civil authorities of the State. I have
received your recent addross to tho people, and
think it well timed, and hope it will do much good
in reconciling the opposition to the amendment of
the Constitution and the laws passed by the last
Legislature. Tho law must be executed and the
civil authority sustained. In your efforts to do this,
if necessary Goneral Thomas will atlbrd a sufflcient
military force. You are at liberty to make what
use you think proper of this dispatch.
President of the United States.
And now, Union men of tho Xashvillo District,
your honored fellow-citizen and President, whom
the pro-slavery copperheads vilified and opposed
so furiously during his late administration among
you, has again and again assured you that he will
sustain and protect you. 2vow arc you ready and
willing to do your duty in return ? Your President
never falters or misses riro. Do you mean to insult
him by permitting his pro-slavery adversaries to
represent you in Congress? He has a right to ex
pect better things of you. And we warn you that
if you sutler a deed so shameful to be done, an in
dignant country will thunder back upon you a re
proach which will last you your lifetime. yashvilte
Kentucky and Tennessee.
The "Conservatives," as tho rebel party are
pleased to call themselves, in Kentucky and Tennes
see, have been calculating upon an easy time in the
August election. In Kentucky the Conservative
candidates argued that the expatriation act a law
that excludes men who have served in the rebel ar
my or aided the rebellion from the ballot box, wad
unconstitutional, and having thus passed upon tha
law, on the stump, their followers were prepared to
disregard it But Gov. Bramlctte has issued a proc
lamation, declaring the expatriation law in full
force ; directing that it be executed, and orderiag
that aU omcers who neglect to enforce it, be prompt
ly reported, that they may be duly punished. He
also directs that wherever necessary the military be
called upon to assist the civil authorities in enforc
ing the laws. It thu3 secm3 likely that rebels will
find the road to the polls a hard one to travel ; and
of course every rebel excluded will be a Conserva
tive vote lest.
In Tennessee the Conservative candidates talked
boldly at the outset. They showed their hands too
soon. The announcement that they would disregard
the laws of Tennessee ; and the determination ex
pressed by rebels, whose hands are red with blood,
to vote for rebels, waked up the authorities. Gov.
Brownlow issued a proclamation and address, lay
ing down the law, and stating in very plain terms
what he would do. This was hooted at, at first ; but
when the President backed Gov. Brownlow, ordered
the arrest of Etheridge, and instructed the military
to aid the civil authorities in enforcing the laws, the
Conservative candidates concluded not to play their
game out ; and now they say the laws of Tennessee,
including the franchise act, will be obeyed. But for
the presence of Union bayonets it is evident the
rebels would have walked over the course, and con
tinued the ballot box. This proves that the policy
of making haste slowly, in reconstructing the rebel
States, is a good one. If Tennessee cannot, under
ner civil government, be kept out ot the hands of
violent rebels without the aid of Union soldiers,
what may be expected of other Southern States?
This is makin-' important developments ; there
fore time is valuable. The rebels are instructing
the country. President Johnson, no doubt, duly
appreciates their services in this line : and the whole
country appreciates the services of Brownlow and
bramlette, who are upsetting tne well laid schemes
of the enemies of the Government. Cincinnati
Masy persons who invested all thev had in Con
federate bonds are now blowing out their brains.
But it isn t thought the destruction of brains amounts
GlN. Thomas has ordered that Emerson thur-
idge, while in prison, be not allowed to talk upon
political subjects. v ny not consign mm to a niort
Kino Cotton has lost his crown and his sceptre
and been tumbled from his throne, but still he has
a faint semblance of something royal about him.
Fiftx thousand widows are receiving United
Tii editor of the Democrat talks about people's
bein" embarrassed by facts. He may be embarras
sed by such things, but ho never embarrasses hLi
readers with them.
Thx Republican party had bettor rive un bv
common consent the idea of negro suffrage. If it
doesn't, it will be split in two as by beetlo and
It is perfectly clear to us that not more than na
quarter of the Republican party are in favor of
As Indiana editor calls us a " wiseacre."' Has
not an acre, but he's a cur.
It appears that Benjamin, the rebel Secretary of
State, intends settling in Australia." He ou;ht to
locate'' in that part of it known aj Botany Bay.
It would bo a good place for him to study botanvl
Jcdge William Marvin has been
Provisional Governor of Florida. This, w Li
completes the list of these officers, and all tho Ecbel
States aro now in a shire to fc'.:fy how rv h