Newspaper Page Text
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osten Journal X
DWXYILLE, TENS, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 27, 1869.
Site noaillc Vlug
Bv DEOWNLOW &; HAWS.
Term ! Nnbftcrlptloa.
sk VKUI. rnyi'i inTriiMjr in drnc',...
ill b rwlT(l fur riod than i
V, n 1 rtj(
n-ni!itmirn rn m.I tlir..mrli th P.t Ofllc. t tli rUk
' i' riMi...T, h-ii the r ' ij l -f Hi l-nslmt.-r it Ukr-
lr i',- am .tint r..r-nr'1-.l.
.it !ri i"i KiMir. of matcri'i niul giTf Pot Office, Conn
v i: I tn liicb Hie j.pT brrn nJ ! to b wnt.
Ilt of Al-rllllr.
- ,'nr, l-u N'..urHl, uu inertion fl 50
,,,',,,,,, ,,f io Bdvertiwmetit 1 CO
inn, "i month
U 11 it , "r milium, . .
lio.urrt" will t
. - 15 00
. 20 00
il to tlion woo advertise lib-
- ..-i r--Tff'tiiii to I -jui. candidate- will L-e luaerttd aa
..i ... ti m-tin. to be pai.1 for t-Tarlalily la adYanr.
All I vi 1 1 -in.-Lts on Lli b th DinUr of liMicrtltma U not
,,i,.l riiu.r ouliliKlird till r'iRsiD, mi! cliarx'-d accordingly
A I vHi n' iio-nu will te considered due when infl?rtd, eic-pt
t'u n 'lh whom w kwp reffnlar acennntt.
, . n.lvrii""ni"nt fiom a dmtanoe will b lnrtd nt!
rnuiiiii-l I'J remittance, xorpt In nin where tbe -drer-l'Br
known to be punctual.
Till: KNOXVILLE WHIG
Knoxviile, Tenn., January 27, 1869.
T. Haws A Co.
t'n.i.T Vt'i hIov caption or title tbo W am cilice
!), - 1." ti ri-.,rtiii.:e !, and pHtos into the hands of
n tn-u .m.pinv IIih liritt day "f February, 1869, and
1 i ..linn' tii-o i.-si,ing on that day Daily and
. J, i l i. r, thy fur:ncr 1-j 1c f 10 por annum and
tK- Inlt' i i'- pT nnuto, invariably in advaDco.
,. f,r' ti' t iHjvis'id to b'Mhl "f what w xpcl to
,!, ! lit tn ' i' n ijunllc'Lion compising Ilia company
1" hM" I' tu-Uin nrft-c!afs papers, and tboy
i r. -n.i-". two live and p r.-grwsivo jotircls to the
1 ..!.;;,-, l olitxally orthodox, beyond all quetioo,
i. I )'."p'i!i!i" l" tlio -jre.
I'. H w i coiiPtitutHd ly llio cotnpany General
i' iii,i.' 'i.li'i.t, and will tiiunage tbo business af
luirr ff tlio dike. IK. Tiiu.MAS II. 1'kaRXE Las
!.. in t'iii u.'d by llic company tie, pcliti'.'a!, relig
i ...... hn I i;. i.crhl clilor. Wm. Klle ba been e.n-
I i.' th! bu-ul editor. Wo ate nut disposed
i,. Im ii-i of tlio fctylo in which our battery will
It nn.ni.cd; wo will leave the paper to epnuk for
i! roinisi! tbo puViic a live journal, and
I ... ti nn d cry n.an who may fulncrilfl, the worth
,. hi, HMin-y. )V0 wao. ton tboufand Fubtcribers,
:nid (nil upon our friends and the friends of theHo
I .i ociin cause everywhere, to coino to our fts6ist
I.!,.". L' t tt'ii.h one procure one or nitire subferi-ln-ii..
cither fir the Dttily or Weekly, addressing the
mil..- to thi- no company, by the first of February.
Tin' i.rd f ul is not in our vocabulary. Wo have
or-iiir.'-d upon a firm basis intending to succeed,
him nncced we will and mufcl. Having the bt
) ever known in Enst Tcnnwtee, this ti the
I in. i i lotvc your joli work and advertising done.
In addition to the l-t job oflieo in thi end of the
:nt . li ivo . orincclcd therewith a Bindery, and
. ..ii t'irii on fhorl tioli. o the very beet kind of
v. i U . (. Mil and (i-ii for yodselves, at the largo
l.iii k i'. Hiding. No. lot (Jay street, known as the
" WllKJ 1'uildin;."
1 I C OfS l'KCT U
DAILY AND WEEKLY WHIG.
ia the 'Jd 1 day of February next, tbe undcr
i lotted v.iM coniiiience tbe pLblication of the Dailt
and WitkLY Wuki, in this city.
The I'uily will bo a fair-tizod ehoot, containing
the lul. ft N KWS, telegraphic and otherwise, com
iii. r. ini, (olitii al and genoial.
Having n. ured fuperior editorial talont for all
tin (leparttiieiits f the paper, and an nblo corps cf
c.irti'.'piiiid. :.!", no pairm or expense will be fpsred
t render it a valuable exponent of all current intel
ligent , ty n liberal amount of nows and literary
matter ; in a word, wo expect to make it a first clasi
In polities, tbo Wiiio, ns heretofore, will bo ,n
I'ahliiHti. It will advocate the great principles of
the Ib-pi.bcan party, lij-Kin which the nation bas
u.pr.-M'd rel ellioti and preserved both the national
cie-tcnee and integrity, and by which the incoming
Aditiinii-lration will lo guided in its policy, It will
mprl the recori'truition measures of Congress, as
. iV. i ii g the i,e.-l and only practicable method of
r. t.-rir,; and tiitiiitaining the Governments of tbo
,Hti revolt 'd cUa'os and protecting tbo friends of
In. migration is a jncssing want of our country.
We .d ..-ill, therefore, coiitributfl our utmost efforts to
- . nr.' the influx cf population, skilled labor, capi-
1 and inle'.ligenet) into Tetinoss-ee.
I'i.e iniHrtH!it educational interests of Tenni'Sfee,
a'.d e e. iiu!y of this part of it, will havo liberal
mi. I en rue l co-operatinti in our columns. Thus tbe
niu will bo found by those concerned as cduca-
rs, au ftli. ient ally and agency by which to ad-
.. IH". th I'r.'Kt CailbO.
IMigioii and virtue being the only suro fcunda
r i ol i til. lie order, FOi urity and thrift, the "Whio
i d ve i irrein y to sueh intelligence and thought
h- will f'-tet n mberve the:n.
A- tl.e Wiiiii will bethechief, if nottbeonly daily
K. puhiictn pip 'r in K-t Tenne.ee, it will enrnest
. Mipp. it all im-a'ures looking to the development
1 lir moral, edu ational and material interests of
-i Ji i-ion "f the Slate.
W e tdiail publish full and reliable reports of the
i .ilve'.r. money Rnd general, at home and abroad,
t-g. Iher with a weekly review of tbo fame. "We
i-b.il especially labor to advance the growth anddo
. el.-pineiit if Kuoiville, believing that with the
.ej r. v emer.t of our great commercial centre", that
i ail tln coiiiiio-.is country will bo secured.
TLu W n w will bo f.illy abreast with the move-
an intt f this tiut wonderful ajo, in this
'iii-i peRerfu'i aiij progre?ive nation of tbe
I. It will, therefore, ben high-toned, roliablo(
I--ju' r. pio;res ive and useful journal, well adapl-
1 i r the tanner, the merchant, the mechanic, the
professional man, the schoolmaster and tbe school
ti.e family and the rca ling-room. It will lie well
w e'll the money it csis, and serviceable to all who
:; inter--ted in tl e real advancement of thocoun-
Letter from lion. N. G. Taylor on Im
mlsration. Washinotok, Jan. 19, 189.
Editor of Knoj-ville W)ig :
I bare watched with great interest the efforts
wlitb you have been making ever since tb war to
lift up our State from the ruins of tbe rebellion, and
to start ber afresh upon tbe race of progress and
prosperity, and bare prayed you God-speed in every
effort for good.
If we were starting out as a State, with bo old
drawbacks upon us, with no old bleeding sores and
no heavy State debt to worry and torment us, our
way would, it seems to rue, be plain and easy. We
might rely upon our own muscle and manhood
the means we might carve out of tbe forest and dig
trom our teeming mines.
As it is, our situation is different.
The rebellion exhausted our resources, deraorali
ed our labor, and paralyzed cur enterprise, and cow
that tbe smoke of the battle bas lifted, and the bit
terness of tbe conflict is over, we find ourselves ia
ruins, disorganized and impoverished, and bound
down under tbe pressure of a heavy (State debt.
If we were worn oat with age or denuded of pop.
ulation, desolated by dark earthquakes and tem
pests, or wasted by pestilence and famine, we might
repudiate our obligations in despair, succumb to
misfurtuue, and forego every effort whatever to dis
charge our honest debts and restore tbe State to ber
ancient prosperity and credit. We might cry all is
lost and give up tbe ghost.
But fortunately we are not in this sad category.
We heve still more than a million of population.
occupying more than two hundrod thousand dwel
lings, and owning more than forty-four thousand
square ruilos of generous fertile soil, watered by in
numerable springs, rivulets and rivers, abounding
in cultivated fields and peerless forests, underlaid
with incalculable mineral wealth, and proline of
limitless manufacturing facilities unsurpassed in tbe
wide world. With such resources at band as nature
has given our people, despondency is folly and fail-,
ue wjll be a crime unpardonable.
The war bas desolated us, 1 grant, and left us
poor. l!ut wbat ot tnat. Jew iingtancl is natur
ally poor too, infinitely poorer than we, and Jet in
spito of her poverty, Kew England is tbe richest
portion of the nation. Tennessee, in all the natural
elements of wealth, is perhaps the richest Stale in
Ike L nion ; yet in spite of ber boundless treasures
she is fearfully poor.
This seems paradoxical, but it is not the less true;
and thereby hangs a tale which I propose to un
Nlure gave New England a barren, unproduc
tive toil, brokon but by knobs and mountains, rib
bed by rocks and washed by the sea. ' She gave her
also a bleak, damp and inhospitable climate.
rover ly was JNew England's natural borilge.
Necessity is tbe daughter of povority and the mother
of invention. Hence it is that tbe very poveritv of
New England has enriched ber people. Denied the
means of subsistence by their sterile soil and snowy
climate, her people were from the start put to their
wits to live. 1 overty brought forth necessity, and
necessity gave birth to invention. Invention sub
stituted machinery for muscle, utilizing ber water
power, her timber and her granite. She made credit
subserve the purposes of capital, and compelled en
ergy, enterprise and skill to moot promptly the de
mands ot credit.
Look at New England and you tee a grand series
of stupendous manufactories. Out of these have
grown the princely wealth that crowns her people,
and thece are the products of ber necessity and the
rer-ulls of her poverty.
The bread of NeV England, in large part, is
grown in the far North west, her moat in tbe Wet,
the cotton of the South, the wool of commerce, and
the iron of Pennsylvania, feci her factories; her
fuel is drawn from distant coal fields, as well as all
raw materials. I suppose her agriculture does not
supply a tithe of the wants of subsistence to her
There are few fabric articles of civilized com
merce that are not produced in her manufactories.
II er capital sustains and rewards her energy, enter
prise, skill and labor, and these in turn reproduce
and enlarge ber capital. She draws ber tnatori.tls
from all lands and from every sea, and makes i ll
people tributary to ber coffers.
At Ames' factory, in Massachusetts, I saw th
iron of Pennsylvania, the stoel of England, tbe Ar.b
wood of Maine, and tbe coal of Cornwall, combined
by the skill and labor of his operatives into the
common shovel, which finds a market in every re
tail shop in Christendom.
Dostroy New England to-morrow, and let ber
people live, and in ten years she would bloom again
in vigorous prosperity. And why ? Because her
people are full of intelligent enterprise, skill and
energy. Her people are educated in letters, in
science, in arts; her statesman are wise and legis
late for rtracticai nnds for tba beoefit of her peo
ple. Where capital is unattainable at home, credit
attracts and commands it from abroad to any de
When individual capital is insufficient to accom
plish a desired end, combination of capital is in-
viitKi und secured by liberal charters. .
You have seen Ithode Island, but most of your
readers have not. You know how rich she is Hnd
yet bow littlo and poor. Not bigger than two or
three counties in East Tennessee, her soil is more
lean and sterile than the poorest, sandiest ridge on
the summit of Cumberland Mountains. Yet this
little poor State is probably worth more in manu
factories and solid cash capital than the whole of
Tennefsoo perhaps twice told.
Pennsylvania is callod the great Keystone of the
Union, and New York the Empire State. They
are both magnificent Commonwealths, crowded
witb population, great, prosperous and rich. Yet
Pennsylvania has not the variety nor extent of min
eral wealth, nor has New York the agricultural
area nor the fertility of soil that Tennessee has, nor
bas either of them as salubrious a climate, as grand
old forc-ts, nor as abundant manufacturing facili
ties, as Tennessee.
Then why the difference? Tbe causes are obvi
ous. They copied New England. " Develop " has
been their motto, and they have lived up to it. En
terprise, labor and capital, hand in band, have
utilized their natural resources, opened their mines,
fertilized tboir Colds, made their waterfalls work,
checkered their territory with railroads, making
travel and transportation cheap, speedy and safe;
in short, made them what they are. On the con
trary, Tcnnesseo bas been sleeping, like all tbe
Southern States, under the shadow of slavery,
wrapped in the mantle of Utopian visions, or wast
ing her vigor in the fruitless struggles of political
partisan warware, content in all her great interests
to drag along under tbo primative fig-leaf policy of
tbo Adamic age, Bnd regardless of the spirit of pro
gress that bas exhibited tbe Eastern States as tbe
eighth wonder of the world.
Wo have built a few railroads; but how? Just
think of this a moment, and see if shame don't
mantle your cheek as it does mine. Tbe great
items of espenso in constructing railroads are grad
ing, iron and running stock. We had plontv of la
bor to grade with, but hired it from abroad. We
had mountains of iron, overgrown with timber for
charcoal, underlaid with stone coal, and in a stone's
throw of boundless water-power, but we have
bought from Europe and elsewhere every pound of
our rails, and sent tbe money to pay foritoutof tbe
state. Nearly or quite every engine and car we
have used down to Ibis hour has been purchased out
of the State and brought to us. But this is not all.
There is cotton grown abundantly in Tennessee,
Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, North and South
Carolina, nearly all around us. xnere are millions
A tEKi v Wiut., containing all tbo reading
..tor ol ti.e daily elitioiis, will bo issued.
.ji'U'O per annum, in advance.
Iui Vi;, . .
its lare inducements to advertisors
.;iv,.' j; ae and extensive circulation. Our
:',t ' .r knit, and job printing of every dcicrip
'. n are ut.arp-d. Having the best office ever
i-ri own in Erl Toi.ne-see, ilin ii the place to havo
o.;r work done In addition to the bet Job Office
i'i tin end ol tt,e iat, wa have conooctod thore
iih a Bindery, and can lura cut on short notice
I . vory bot kind of work.
Letters on b.isiees, ml'.r,ptKoi au I ordes for
s 'vert -it;;: ts::d j.-b work hhuuid bo directed to
T. IIab & Co,
SLig liuildir.g. log Gay ttreet,
'.-.:!. r for publication, to
KCV. T. U. IKAhM,
' .:- l.lll, i- '.
what would necessarily be the result on the farmer.
One-half will have ceased to produce and become
consumers, and must be supplied with the farmers'
commodities. The detnard increases the supply is
diminished the price cecaisarily advances the
farmer is remunerated he is stimulated to redoubled
energy because his labor pays.
Bat the manufacturer is also excited to renewed
industry. He no longer raises hi own meat and
bread; to live therefore And to- prosper he is com
pelled to ply his trade in such manner as by it be
may cet the means wherewith to purchve his sun-
' Now, sir. there is a point In all this talk, and it is
time come to it.
Tetiwssee is in dobL The interest on that dwbt
must bt proinply met, A sinking fund must bo pro
vides to meet tbe principle when it falls due. All
this bas to be done by taxing tbe people. Tbe peo
ple cannot pay their taxes unless some plan is de
vised by wbich they can make themselves or be
made ablo to raise the money to pay with.
It is the business of statesmanship to device this
plan. As statesmanship is simply common sense
applied to affairs of Stfcte, let ns apply a little good,
hard common sense to the matter in hand, and see
bow it ciphers oat the problem.
I assume, then, 1st, that the resources of East
Tennessee are abundant if only made available
to pay not only her part of the State debt, but the
whole of it, if necessary, and still leave her people
prosperous and rich. (1) Her agricultural resour
ces are enormous if they were only stimulated to
half their full development . (-) Uer mineral de
posit are. of incalculable value if they were only
partially made available. (3) Her boundless man
ufacturing capacity is worth countless millions of
dollars, if only a tithe cf it were put into active operation.
But to make these resources available to the Stale
for revenue, to-wit, to turn our minerals into money,
to stimulate our agricultural productions to make
them pay, and to develop oar manufacturing power
so as to produce profits, tbere must be three things
to operate witb, namley, experienced enterprise,
skilled labor and capital.
J.0 any considerable extent we havo not thee in
the State. But their essential prerequisites to tbo
successful solution of the problem to tbe carrying
out of the plan. W'a must therefore procure tbem
elsewhere. But how ? I answer ice must offer
such inducements as uill attract did bring thiiiifrwn
abroad. What will do this ? Common senso re
plies make it ccrlu.ii to them that investment here
will be pleasing to us and secure and urvituble to
tbem. When this is done they are just as sure to
come and invest here as thr.t' interest is the great
motive power in business affairs.
Abe world all around us wants iron, bar and pig,
and all manner of iron wares; they want railroad
iron without limit, running stock, car wheels, cars,
locomotives; they want nails, agricultural and me
chanical implements, tools and utensils; they want
textile fabrics, woolen, cotton, hemp and flax ; they
want copper, load, silver, sine; they want leather,
boots, shoes, tan-bark and tan in ; they want ten
thousand things that nature has all tbe time intend
ed should be made here cheaper and better than
any where else. Now let our Legislature, with all
the sanctions of law, grant liberal jranchiscs to com
panies in or out of the State who ask or wiil accept
of charters proposing to develop these resources
to unearth our hidden minerals and manufacture
them or any other materials demanded by the wants
of the world. Let the Legislature in such charters
guarantee even tbe loan of the credit of the Slute,
ia tbe shape of her own bonds, dollar for dollar, lor
every sum of fifty thousand dollars of capital here
after actually invested in thedeveloping of the min
eral and manufacturing resources of the State
holding the property and assets as security for prin
ciple and interest. ..Let the Legislature oiler almost
any reasonable inducement to bring capital hero and
deveb p our wealth to save our people and State
The hour is critical repudiation must be avoided
the credit of our State must be maintained, and
our people mint be made able to meet the demands of
Goethe teMs tbo following story, which amusingly
illustrates the capacity for drink of the Ithineland
The Bishop of Mayonce once delivered a sermon
against drunkenness, and after painting in strongest
colors the over indulgence, concludes as follows :
" But tbe abuse of wines does not exclude its use,
for it is written that wine rejoices tbe heart of man.
Probably tbere is no one in my congregation who
can not drink four bottles of wine without fueling
any disturbances of bis senses ; but if any man at
the seventh or eighth bottle so forgets himself as to
abuse and strike his wife and children, and treat his
best friends ai enemies, let faim look into his own
consciences and in future always stop at tbe sixth
bottlo. Yet, i: after drinking eight, or even ten or
twolve bottlos, he can still take his Christian neigh
bor lovingly by tbe hand, and obey tbe order of bis
spiritual and temporal superiors, let Li m. thankfully
drink his modest draught. He must be careful,
however, as to taking any more, for it is seldom that
Providence gives any ono the special grace to drink
sixteen bottles at a sitting, as it has me, ils unwor
thy servant, to do without either neglecting my du
ties or losing my temper."
Abs!ntiieHQW Tbey Poison Tlicia.
selves in Tarls,
The indulgence of absinthe, which already pre
vails to a great extent among all classes of French
men, threatens to become as wide-spread in France
and as injurious mere as opiuut-eaung is iu tuma.
If a visitor to Paris strolls along tbe Boulevards,
from the Madeleine to tbe Baslile, some summer af
ternoon, between live and six o'clock which is com
monly called the hour of absinthe he can berdly
fail to remark hundreds of Parisians seated outside
of the numerous cafes, or lounging at the counters
of tbo wine-shops, and imbibing this insidioue stim
ulant. At particular cafes, the Cafe de Bade, for
example, out f tbe fifty idlers seated at the little
round tables, forty-five will be thus found engaged.
But it ia not on tho Boulevards alone tbat absinthe
is the special five o'clock beverage. In most of the
wine shops of the faubourg?, in the "tuarticr Latin, '
and round obout the Ecoles Militairoe, you may eeo
at tbat particular hour worknion, students, soldiers,
clerks, carbonniers, chiffonniers even, taking their
emerald-tinted poison, and watching the fantastic
movements of the fluid as it sinks to the bottom of
tbe glass, wherein it turns from a green to an al
most milky white, at tbe moment when tbo per
fumes of tbe various aromatic plants from which it
is distilled disengage themselves.
A quarter of a century ago, abdnlho was the
drink of French coachmen, grooms and footmen,
and people of the lowest class; to-day its most ar
dent lovers are to be found among educated and
well-to-do Parisians. Literary men, professors, ar
tists, actors, musicians, financiers, speculators, shop
keecera. even women, yield themselves op to ils se
ductive influence to those undeilc&ble provocations
which seem, they say, to impart renewed activity to
an enfeebled brain, developing a worfdot new ideas,
and which thus, it is believed, have inspired many a
noble work of imagination in literature and art. It
may; be so; but then those who habitually excite
the brain with absinthe soon discover tbat they can
produce positively nothing without its aid, and that
a lime arrives when heavy stupor supersedes tbat
excitement of the intellectual faculties which once
seemed so innocent and harmless.
ft ft tk. Aw. .1 TiVit sif Iha r,.ti..r whioll I )r
" , " wiou.uwu. Ler,ni who has studied its eflect, pronounces to
in the known world ; there is water-power enough , Bef thegroatot icoureet of our time, you seem
in S unt llinilfMM ftlnnA In rtr.-snAll thtt mrnihinflrr 1 - &
pronoll the machinery
that would clothe the world, and yet we are and
Have oeen always tnoulary to Europe and iNew
England for almost every yard of cotton and wol
lon fabrics our people have used, when we could
manufacture such fabrics cheaper than any other
country, and should have in fact driven competitors
from their own home markets.
Tbo same shameful ttory must bo told in refer
once to our farming implements, mechanics' tools,
and nearly all the utensiU in domestic use among
us. All are made elsewhere and imported at an im
mense aggregate cxponso of transportation. Sheet
iron, tacks, screws, wire, nails, bagging, axles and
wagon boxes, butts and hinges, axes,adies, hatchets,
hammers, chissels, drawingknives, gimlets, linens,
woolens, cottons, ropes, glais, wadding, carpeting,
shoes, boots, leather, and ten thousand other things
we ought to send abroad by the hundred ton, we
buy abroad and transport hundreds of miles. Even
brooms, buckets Pt books and flat irons are made
in Connecticut aud sold at a paying profit at retail
in East Tennessee.
Who ran wondvr that we are poor that we have
a neavy Stale debt that we groan under taxes we
can hardly pay ?
What do we iell to pay all these countless ex
penses .' A little ginseng, beeswax and feathers; a
little twine, pork, bacon and dried apples; a few
toon of lar iron, flour and pig metal ; a few bun-
area t'Usnuis ol corn, some sorry cattle, senoca, snake
n.H)t and sorghum molasses, Jtc, Aic When will our
.... , i1 'lato del,t bo paid or even lessened if we are to rely I 0i;zeij theso seal fisherid
ial iiiVcMiation Ol llutanauo i ; upon such a list ol exports to met current expense i .v;,,,. ,,-iv to tli
'.V Laiulcr, the defaulting Salom, of domtic bfo and supply the revenue, of the I arc n0VN e1T1,1
to lose vour feet, and voi mount to a boundless
realm without horizon. You probably imagine you
are going in the direction of the infinite, whereas
you are simply drifting into the incoherent. Ab
sinthe affects the brain unlike any other stimulant ;
it produces neither the heavy drunkenness of beer,
the furious inebriation of brandy, nor the exhila-
rent intoxication of wine. It is an iguooie poison
dt mvinir life not until it bas more or less brutal
ized its votaries, and made drivelling idiots of them.
Pall Mall Gazette,
Soiuc of tho islands on the coast ol' Alas
ka, near tho Aleutian Islc!, are great rc
eorta for seals. Tho seals bedn to arrivo
in Anvil or Maw and continue to come and
go during the summer, occupying the
shore, often comir.i up tho blufls to a con
siderable height. Their uutubcv is legion.
Theyoon arc brou-ht forth during the
months of June and July, tho mothers suck
ling thorn for nearly "two month, when
they cau provide for themselves. Later in
the season ail tho old goals bhod theiv coat
of hair ; as soon as this is renewed they bo
in to immigrate, and before winter sets in
tho whole herd ltaddlo off on their annual
voyage to sea. lne Jkussntus nac monop
olize? theso seal fisheries heretofore, but
M - , , l..-,,..c I, of Im hrt 1 .IIP- I SltO.
i.-.i -a!,;, I.m' - ' ..I mi' orders Pass- ! ..?B.tll!ie r':.dr.bck? prosperity j
i I. o
.ii-tii-ir Morton has introduced a bill in
.-.f Kml Tennessee is the want of a tlifumtt nr : . .. ....
-i : " - . ...... . i ,., i ,n"ve. L'-rniiiiiiir n I'l-usiuu w au
- . , ii... i i 's a ' ii ii ei i.u- i. i ..ns.i .hi.r t I nit h.i f i.vtM&tiAA in i o .
...v , . . . - - -j i i . vri I'Jiu'ii v '" ' .- .-.. ... -j , , t
Jt lino ol the dovrrnnicnl s i we'l reculaled commuu
j every branch of industry
- - -- ! we have xatie 01 ucn
Proclamation, by the GoTernor.
Whereas, There exists, in tho Middle and
West divisions of this State, lawless bands
of desperadoes, who are setting at dofiancc
civil law; aud who, by threats and acts of
vioo.!co, aro forcing many of our citizens
to leave their homes ; and
TVreheas, In certain localities, in those
divisions of the State named, it is entirely
impossible for tie civil officers of the State
to enforce tho laws thereof; and
7uEaz.vs, Those masked villains, called
Ku-Klux, aro taking prisoners from tho
county jails and fcanging them without duo
form of trial, aud aro entering Eailroad
trains and abducting thence, passengers
pursuing their legitimate business, and no
tifying conductors, of Northern birth, that
they must leave the State, forthwith ; thus
having driven four conductors from one
road ; and
WntiHtA, C'crtaiu ambitious, disappoints
ed and bad men have been engaged for the
lust two or three years in making incendi
ary speeches, advising the overthrow of tho
State government, and thereby infusing an
insurrectionary spirit into the deluded
wretches who ar thus breaking tho laws
and destroying tbti quiet and welfare of the
State ; and"
Whereas, The leading rebel newspapers
of this State havo encouraged this 6tato'of
things first, by denying tho existence of
the Klan secondly, by ridiculing their
atrocious acts, and further, by failing to
condemn and denounce their outrages,
fehowing, thereby, that at heart they ap
prove their conduct ; aud
Whereas, Tho Legislature, now in ses
sion, has so amende-d the Militia Law of
Tennessee, as to remove the restrictions
w hich heretofore crippled it, giving tho
Governor full authority to meet such out
rages with sufficient force :
Now, thcroforo, I, William G. Brownlow,
Governor of Tennessee, do call upon all
good and loyal citizens,- to enter tho ranks
of the State Guards and bo mustered into
service, and assist in putting down these
lawless combinations and proceedings, and
bringing the offenders to justico, so aiding
to preserve tho peace of this common
Those enrolling under this call will be
subject to tho rules and regulations, as to
rank, pay, &c, governing the Unitod States
Military. Thoso enrolling in East Tennes
see will be furnished with transportation to
Nashville, where they will bo armed, equip
ped and distributed,, under command of
Gen. Joseph A. Cooper. Companies, hcro
toforo organized, will bo preferred.
This proclamation will, ia due time, bo
followed by another, designating tho coun
ties over which I shall declare Martial Law,
tho effect of which will bo to sot aside civil
law, and turn offenders over to the Mili
tary, who will try them, and upon their
conviction, dispose of them in summary
manner. ' '
Theso outrages have btjen long borno
with, in the hope that they would be
abated by tho public- sentiment of tho re
spective communities concerned. Forbear
anco has now ceased to be a virtue. Tho
Executive is not to be brow-beaten, cajoled
nor terrified out of tho discharge of theduties
demanded by existing exigencies.
All citizens who may not enroll under
this call, aro hereby requested and enjoined
to use their utmost endeavors in conjunc
tion with tho State Guards, and otherwise, to
restore and preservo tho peace and dignity
of this commonwealth, and all citizens are
also hereby w arned against harboring those
masked marauders called Kuklux Klans,
or giving them aid and countenance.
Tho Govomor is determined to mako tho
State Guards sufficiently numerous and ef
fective, and to continue them in tho field suf
ficiently long, until Middle and West Ten
nessee, arenas orderly and secure, as, happi
ly, East Tennessee is to-day.
Tapers in tho Stato, authorized by law to
do the public printing aro requested to
copy this Proclamation, thrco times.
In testimony whereof I have signed the
foregoing, and affixed tho Great Seal of the
Slate, this twentieth day of January, A. D.
seal William G. Brownlow.
Virtues of Borax.
It may not bo generally know how valuablo
borax is in various purposes of household
use. Wo find it the very best cockroach
exterminator yet discovered pound, cost
ing but 30 cents, has completely cleared a
large house, formerly swarming with them,
so that the appearance of one a month is
quito a novelty. The various exterminator
powders puffed and advertised havo been
found not fully effective, tending rather to
make the roaches crazy than to kill thom.
There is something peculiar either in the
smell or tho touch of borax which is certain
death to cockroaches. They will flee in
terror from it, and never appear again
where it has ouco been placed. It is also a
great advantage that Wax is perfectly
harmless to human beings hence, no dan
ger lVom poisoning. It is also valuablo flr
fauudry purposes. The washerwomen of
Holland and Belgium, so proverbially
clean, and who got up their linens so beau
tifully white, use refined borax as washing
powJer, instead of soda in tho proportion
of a large handful of borax powder to about
ten gallons of boiling water ; they save in
soap nearly hall. All tho largo washing
establishments adopt tho same mode. For
laces, cambrics, etc., an extra quantity of
the powder is used; and for crinolines (re
quiring to be made stiff) a strong solution
is necessary. Borax, being a neutral salt,
Joes not iu tho slightest degree injure the
texture of tho linen ; iU effect is to sol ten
tlio hardest water, aud therclbro it should
bo kept on the toilet table. Afl a way of
clean-sing tho hair, nothing is Imtler than a
tolutiouot borax in water. It leaves the
si-alp in a most cleanly condition, and the
hair is jut eatticieutly stiflened to retain its
place. This ftiffness, however, can be
readily removed, if objectionable, by wash
ing with water. Borax is also an excellent
dentilrie. .Dissolved in water, it ia one of
' the best of tooth-washes. In hot countries
1 it is use 1, in combination with tartaric acid
and bi -carbonate of soda, as a cooling Dev-
Knorville Foundry Column.
n. . I II AX BK n LA IN,
JOS FT H Kit HARIS,
DRUGS, MEDICINES, &c.
FRESH AREIVALS !
MACHINE WORKS! !
ity the great stimulant to amount which is left bl.lllk, to I
f. But ia Eat Tenneasee j of President Lincoln. Tho proaiu
stimulant. If everybody j that President Liueoln, while Coi
is left blank, to the widow
. . . l. .
i i triiin ernioni vrue uie
l. thai the s,oii of the late
0U1!,,.V v(,,.i.l ,n !,.ir.
irowjici in l -..7 U K;u
in uie urecn M
w( men, he htates, recenvl
alive, and resides
ounu'm State. A dvmrr
11 ill -i. , T, ,t n
T Vja"a baU)0h wlUl und that j "Rut suppose for a moment that one-half tbe j-
uie ueccpuon v as never aiM-ovcicd. Fur-1 uiUon row occupied in agricultural labor were gi
'.her revelations are promised. j verted to tho various branches of manufacturing,
produces earn, wheat, pork, cattle, horses, mules ani in-Chief of the Army ami Navy, was killed
garden veUblos, who will be tbe purchaser 1 intho late war. lit widow is. therefore,
supply wiil bo abundant, but where is tbe demand. nmcjl culitled to a pension as the widow
Now ir theie Is abundant supply and lit'Je demand, officer.
,,, .. inuat-lM low or roerelv nominal. Uut it . Ot any arm o.ucci
the price is not remunerative, what inducement Mi .... . , te 1 . .
here to labor and toil in producing? Obviously Au 0hio philanthropist offered to give
every poor wiaow in ms wu . -i
.,i it" bi townsmen would turn
iy vi ,1 iuu,
out and cut it, which they did.
Tin, .finals of .New York last year yiel
ded a surplus revenue of 3,1.,:,:V5,M-1-
It costs .c2,0'.,iJ,',0U a year to run the New
The rcvc&ao collections fir the liithmond
(Ya.) district last year amount to $700,000
neariy ?200,000 more than in 1S67.
Book Bixmxo of cTcry description done
at tho Wnia office.
J. W. NORTH & CO.
ARE NOW MA.NUFACTiniNo
And keep constantly 011 hand, at extremely
CAli WHEKL-S, AND ALL KAILKOAD
BRASS CASTINGS OF EVERY VARIETY
And all Machinery lor Flouring Mills, Saw
-Mills, Ac, At .
CiltCULAI! SAW MILLS, COMPLETE,
Three different sizes the cheapest in East
Tcnnesiboo, and warranted.
PLOWS, PLOW-MOLDS, LAND-SIDES,
A large assortment, including the old fa
MANUFACTURED OR REPAIRED.
IEON! W.C. INGLES,
ISO. I.- GAY STltKET,
l"Nr0sZ"I HiLildl ' Knoxvillo, Tennesee,
KK.HXTIX RECEIPT OF A LARGE
wliKh Itn'jr wi-.h tu.ll th utt-ntUa of tt FiiblU- W
il.l ia nil thv rnpuUr r.l.nl MeUicior. ef th day,
THE INCREASED FACILITIES OF 1 Perfumeries, Soaps and other Article for
thi CoooM-n uow enhlf tbem to cemrft nrcrfn!lT : tV.o Tni!ot n TTair Tnma4.n T .
newers and Restoratives.
w. c in 01.
with any Mtnufacttiriag fc.tuMishmrnt la their lina Nertii '
or :otitii. 1 be nprrior qnnty ol tlinr
! lt.oh:icln l$itt.?rss.
IS ACKNOWLEDGED EVERY Wil ERE. j QREEN'S OXYGENATED BITTERS,
1 RED JACKET BITTERS,
GAINES' COTTON TLANT BITTERS,
W . C. l.Nt.LSf.
BAR UIO. 1
HORSE SHOE, WHITE LEAD nud TAINTS IN OIL,
PLOW lEONb, INSKFD Oil S
llritlj;c Iron, Mhjjom Tiro, Ac. j TANXEKS OIL.
j A tut I'm 1 t ') . I ; , f .,1
Kniihi'.M: or con. on..
I'ii 1 ri t .-1 " I ' 111 -1 1 und Material 'l nU
w . t . lm.k
In .li i n I- tli. 11 HOM.IMi HU , ! I'
Ac, Ac, Ac.
IN THE STATE.
FIRE GRATES A FRuNTS.
IRON FENCES, Ac. Ac
Ordtiri I'lvunutv Ml. I it a d i yu iiikIu in th vim L -t
LIQUORS, WINES ALE I FOflTER.
I'i 1 M .In iuil TarpaMTi. Alr,
Congress hikI Saratoga fYater.
! H imi U-. .ia. I luuif 1'if attnt ion of l Vunlr y M-ri haul
j anil riijflii miM (.) tur slvx k, Ivlna ttirti tbat cb '!!
j tliem gotl it Iiwtr 1 rwi tlino ttiT hT hrtf f"rr hon-cM
I thnn in fh uith'"-it ari l KVarro MtiktU.
! W. C. INGLES,
Inn,. ,.-u ,,ny ttrmt, Kncs.il T.im.
i 11 1 n in: km i. & ii,iiri:s,
I 'i 1 1 - 1 r m. ii- r it, n i n
Drugs and Medicines,
1' A I NTS, OILS AND DYESTL'FFS,
TOILET ARTICLES & PERFU MEF.IE3
'. 'J mid 1 1. i..y Strr. t,
. 1 . , I... . - .
ji ii. mi -.:,. ii., .ii, .. iuri.i. ,1 irm ..,.
Patterns of all kinds made to order.
CASTINGS, PINIONS, LINKS, TUOW-
LE RS, Ac,
Fitted and ready tor delivery.
OF ALL SIZES, OF BEST TENNES
COAL AND COKE.
By the car load or in small iiuantitic.
! Thcv mako tiio Iron, the CastircA. the
iuiih, iuo ijpiKcu, auu mine nio com, run
can give bottom figures.
1VOHKS and Ol 1 M i;,
On Cast Tennf.tw b I Ucurgi llrti'tr.i.l, Itwt i.f tiir 1 -p. i
BAR IRON AND STEEL,
FILES AM" liOll'S,
Of the best manufacture and at the lowest
We aro also Agent fur tlio sale il
EMERSON'S PATENT CIRCULAR
Plain Perforated, or with Inserted Teeth.
RUSSELL & CO.'S
HORSE RAKES, PLOWS, Ac. Ac.
Agent lr the
TURBINE WATER WHEEL.
Having just completed extensive 1m
iirovcmenLs and repairs we arc now pre
pared to till order with increased facility
and dispatch. With thanks to our custom
ers for their liberal patronage in past years
wo present new inducements to them and
. 1 ... A A 1,
AGENCY OF THE
Rock ford Mamiliidiirin (Jo.,
floaty ftir.-tin'i", fii'l Biinrl, mn-l ! . n Vi'ii- ,-l j i-1 1. r
quality ly on hnnl. Vrn an.1 st 'tii'ic tin'' I f- r
grcd Cutt"ii t rirktl rrli-. Offirc in I ' llin k BI-h k.
July S ly. I M. WILLIAM-", .I '.
SASH. BLIND & FURNITURE
Mnrr vill, TeiinoH'tee.
N lion !' niiig ml U it
GOLD AND SILVER YATCHES,
Silver aad Silver Plated Goods, Clocks,
immv Aiint i.t;
Siiill.l. lor tlif IIOLIP W TH.VDK. I'I. ..,.!! ., I
mill". 1" '"-II
SMi ril A LYONS,
House formerly Occupied by
oaa. ifit ' in iv .v.irv.u UASK
GOLD AND SILVER WATCHES
FINK f 'OLD JEWELRY,
T1I1S FIRM HAVING BUILT A I SUPERIOR PLATED GOODS,
comiuo'lion Shoo. n4 fin ninlii .1 .1 'tith tl.a llrt
niarhlnrry tht ronld b frmti l In iti Kottli, -r
iarwl lo farulah t horl nolici
SASH, BLINDS. DOORS, MOlLDINt.S,
Window and Door Frames,
JOB TURNING AND SAW INN.
Bednteads, Bureaus, Sola-, Tables, l'n s-t
Washstands Wardrobes, Ac, Ac
The eiliwitt f Ku.'nill- 0'1 i..in.t mill ! 1' J"
thir vr.ii-rt with o ir A,--nt, Mr. HKNRt lls, BuiM-r,
Clinch ,trt, twtw-rn y ! Print iri., Knoill.-,
hrr will he f-iaad ma .irtroTt ol -j.h m l M 'Ul.iinf
con.tantly na tu l.
r r lo pr-prrj t- jUni- ny Vin.l ..f I niul-r, It
inchn wiJb mnJ uu kr, nil t.iuu 0'l itnxitr Fi.xi in ul
AH uu.r work will t ui.lr f 11. lwt mtri.l, iij'ri.T
wurkmanihip, uJ rrnt(l rpr-.ntl.
r-G!. iii cull. Wil l IIIIIA OU .l
In Host GolJ, Silver and Stoel Franunv
ii:r-i it.vuii: (;oo!s
la ll u lin-. hIu ti th-y will I I l h w
f. ! rt fn nl tli puLIK j;TiHrM).
d.;,;ioUBi,.t.-.. i i a in; opened a shop run m.
Mr. Fred. Miller,
ui k Hi tt.c j- tt 4 i-rL h-nt ifuikraut'- f-.r tltj ( i-
lr-. t;l ill 'H". ! 'ii ih- i'-prtmrrt f mtt ti fcpjlr
Mr. John W. IIop
U h ti no rfi i:t ll.-i At t a Mlrnu Ii yl '
gr cr, will It- r I y, li'rt.fref t ut any w i k i'i
SMITH A LYO..
.J... .t ti iimt tr-e, Ptnutllk-. T-rn.
II 1). LOHI),
WATCHMAKER AND JEWELER,
Comer Gay and C'lmberlaid Streets,
ru l, r lli l.iMr I rjmr,:
INN OPENED A SHOP FOR RE
,W.li.l!) !.. ;l .li.i- in- lul.l;c ptr...i- Ail w .i
'itrti.t. -I I-, hi. r.f. l!lrH,i pr. n.-pt sttDli.,a
Attorncy.s svt T;iv
- - - -
SPECIAL THSOUGHJAEirr ON WHEAT ATTORNEYS.
Virginia and Tcnnciiw Air Line Railway, j
Kr.m kaoxWile to Nw Tor. I tnt t lnnhl. .TICt' 111 1.1 V K t 1 ,
I.. I'lilU.Ielj'ln", . "
" l-t B .UtOB, I "
to BUiiour, 1" '
' t., orMk. M ' 4-"u
4.. H.cbu.on.1. ... ;; ;; SOLICITORS IN CHANCERY,
y ru'.ioBl "ii K. T. A ... K. H. U Nw uik, ct. ( n . . r
,, j,, to I'll ' " ,i.tiiin hiu-i, Aiul-r."u, Mrf.o. Cnn' rlii, r-.
, , J ., B -t..n, . "' ! lrr-, itt. -ll'l I ..ll.I.' il r. nut:-.. IK' lu llli III- npr-f1
M I ,1., ..- fU illl.l'T, I AII'J r .-.!-. 1 t '.-. '
.. J,, ,.. J. lj I ii'li''r' " t iVtf
r i au ll.rouli lion KmmiUe ta Nrt. U, l'-l' r'''-r., i
Bi--1uii4 m. Lju-bi-uiu luoai -aiw-Jiii-'. j.i-. L. ,t.t . .
TUrou.l. LUUol U.liii m I tri-u, Kuaini ABEUNATUy t iJAi13"'
rt-, by Ani' - lb fct r.uiwi4 i-.ri Kilr., j
oil ly i. JK.-oii, --. I I LO 111 C V r il- "- -----
. ' tU lillll'T'V ' r ..!- l t M. ' .w
d . 1 .-r t.dk. I " I all f.ui.ti'4 in Ti-nu..
j ! V'i- I'bwi i ' l!rrrui.. ;.. Vi t;. tlr.--ni.iw -nd ti J'-C
,i. t , Kuli i. ". :. " Cwilirt.ti-li-w, 't l'1 '". I'uuiu'i nl ,Ci m".
1 i;i- ri- uorj abli.brd Ji. ii. '.tli, 1
Stil. L. T. ii l . U-iIt. l. 1
J. . HoXSIL.
.. ,. n.n . BI-. ' ' '
nit. i: r.j . i..!'-i. . . ..... i iv tii I! corrrs
. r-. t lon. An Uur. j ) T ,, - "" 8.r.-..
5ASHVILLE AJJD CHATTANOOGA RAIL- !
l ll.lul u- t., i.i.r.r llrowol o..
B.-Irr, I.J I -
WO PASSENGER TRAINS LEAVE
Iit lull. i.Oil A. M. ArriM l i"-,c ,
HENRY R. GIBSON,
attorney n, t Lnw
.SVLWirtJR IS VUASLEIiV,
i i -Kh'V fAMMKLt t" , TOM.
RAGT1CES IN CAMPBELL AND
v,.h :.f. M. " I
c public to make tltcir pnrcnae av bu , 3 fc. ... ?'ZXX . jv..!;-.-. '
KNOXVILLE FOUNDRY. iSrBi
j. W. NORTH A CO. P-T Trtt4,c of T''
or rpIK RO'Kl'ORD MANUFACTURI2JI;
1VS W l.ave iuw and improved i.attern ! y 1- ' . ' i:vl"i JVtlXrZt.iiLZ:
or Columns, D.or and Window Sills, !o '
( pw 1 ir ' utr i?ici! 1 vi r - r - -
' . vr I fill PatNTlNI" Ot every 1V- i,n liuucl... ... h. U ! i "by ofty k.i.k
I5.M.K AND JOB I alSl' " ,.l.orl bU.uk .l w.irliH.1 Ir"- W 1 i. A4a,. .U
scriMion done at the W nio Otace on wiort e w ihumd,
n, L ftnd rtajonaU terms. -i-f .....1....