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RALEIGH : WEDNESDAY-, JAN. 6, 180.
The Senate, on the 2d instant, adopted a resolu
tion of thanks to Gen. Lee and the officers and sol:
-,jert under nis command for their successes and
ffctt signal victories over the vast hosts of the en
emy during the last two years.
ThA hill to increase-the nav of government clerks
, i j A.- : i nj -r
ODe uutvareu per cent, ana iue principal uuicers ui
the departments mty per cent., was tasen up ana
discussed UU the senate went into .executive sea
after which the Senate adjourned.
The House passed a bill to rolease Postmasters
otKaca AMv it is to receive money from other Post
masters from liability for having received counter
feit Oenfederate money ; aiso a ou to amnonze iue
iH be $ 3,000.
The nrilitary' committee reported a bill intended
to put m the army all refugess from Mary land and
other States of the United Slates. It provides that
all males between IS and 45, claiming to be citi
zens of any of the States or Territories of the Uni
ted States who are in.the Confederate States after
the 1st of May, shall be liable to military service.
fier along discussion a substitute wa offered that
ill white males, not prisoners of war, who continue
to reside in the Confederate States alter the first of
.February next shall be liable to military service in
the armv. without regard to any claim of non-resi
dence or alienage; provided the President, upon
considerations of justice or public necessity, may
think proper, and that the bill may not be construed
to repeal the exemption laws now in force. This
juhstitute was adopted in lieu of the committe bill
by a vote of 34 to S3. The question was about
Teing taken on the passage of the bill when the
$o action has yet been taken to extend the con
ecrptlaw. In relation to the currency question the Dispatch
" This question, upon which are hinged so many
rital interests, is now fairly before Congress, the
special committee to whom the question was refer
red in the House of Representatives having submit
ted their reports. As this report was received and
read in secret session, of course very little is known
to the public of its provisions. This much we
nave learned, however, that the scheme of the com
mittee is embraced in two separate bills the one
providing for the final disposition of the existing
currency, and the other proposing a scheme of taxa
tion upon which to base the new system to be in
augurated. As stated, we have little knowledge of- the pro
visions of either of these bills, but have some
indirect information that the first contemplates a
rapid and complete absorption of the present circular
tioo by a judicious system of funding. Of the lat
ter, we may confidently predict that the taxes will
be piled on heavily enough to give satisfaction to
the most liberal and patriotic supporter of the gov
ernment" Sir. Gaither oil Exemptions.
In ttM B npr oantatia, on Um 80 Lh D.
cember, Mr. Gaither ottered the following resolu
Resolved, That the Committee on Military Affairs
be instructed to enquire into the expediency of pro
viding by law tnat all persons connected with the
Iroads and express companies, assistant quarter-
..i. .stars and commissaries, agents and employees of
x iTj description, justices of the peace, and militia
'."jeers within the ages of conscription, be iinmedi
dy enrolled in the army ; and that said Commit
o enquire into the propriety of declaring that it
-'ill not be lawful to detail from the military service
i.-.y person to work in any woolen or cotton factory,
4vfce, furnace, foundry, or for any other company
:: individual enterprise whatever, except the army
ri the field,
Mr. Gaither addrrssed the House warmly on the
ciibject, saying that the number of exemptions and
flails was a disgrace to the various States. In his
ovu State there were nineteen hundred details for
viich slave labor might be as well employed. The
s olution was passed.
The Richmond Examiner makes the following re
' rks in relation to Mr. Gaither's proposition :
" How to End the War in Thirty Days. From
V. character of some of the propositions now made
Longrcss, one is at a loss to decide whether mad
.58 has, indeed, seized upon their proposers, or
h .ether, desparipg of the success of our cause, they
mj seeking the speedy termination of tbe war by the
introduction of measures which will ensure the tri
umph of the enemy by rendering us incapable of
farther defence. One of these resolutions, if car-
1 out, would answer the end of bringing the war
a close in thirty days, by ensuring the disband
a,nt or starvation of our armies ; a consummation,
fc 'presume, not aimed at by its projector. We
I'ide to the resolution of the Hon. Mr. Gaither, of
- irth Carolina, which we copy from the report of
tr.c- proceedings of the House of Representatives on
The immediate effect of the passage of a law with
:ase provisions would be to stop every railroad in
w Confederate States ; and our armies would not
c r.!y be obliged to fall back from their present po
1 i ons, but, in fact to disaand. Nothing but dis
: '-tMon over the country would save them from
Nation. Without the railroads, worked to their
lost capacity, there are no points at which the
nay could be fed. It were useless for them to
i'l back upon the cities, th9 people of which would
)bligcd to scatter over the country to obtain the
.esssaries of life. Stop the railroads for ten days
1 the war ia over; General Lee abandons the
..An.n5 Ccnc?1 Johnston flies from Ringgold,
. m Charleston is deserted.
rt. l i - ...
i nit conserving me employees will immediately
the railroads is a dead certainty. The railroad
panies are now working their roads n,w
! advantages, arising from a want of skilled, labor
ed if government still further rednm. tv... 1.1 '
i ranst take possession of tne roads. This change
' ands would operate an instant stoppage; and a
'' th of time, sufficient to be fatal to our cause,
; ae manner we have indicated, must elapse be-
they could be got into running order again. It
v- - vw uta laUUr.
'H17I at roemoers of Congress cannot
V'ii ;vybody else of common sense does,
ii-ion S r! M eS8ential 10 our successful pros
- 'n 01 the war as cannon, or gunpowder itself"
,-?r?ED l!,CENDIA"H.-Tho extensive foundry
chme shops of Dixon, Albright & Co., Suow
',orihenl":"ed ,to th.e ground on the
..ui. oss neavy. no insu-
ir-Davis and If r n,..u -...,.... .
ft It f.-.u . 01 1018 otate, votea to
, faith w th tl, . ..... .
i'nn F'Hicipaia 01 substitutes uy
n8 them in the ar,n n... . c.-.
r.orrpro,PsUion-Mr. Johnson, of Georgia,
VW' 1 -wolina. It is a sad reflec-
't4te Senat ' tW bonest Pub,ic men the
e ta j . "
'ght and yi1 ln tlie C0Dtrover8y hetween Mr.
f'fobabh T-liver m our columns. But it
i'ri! if he sb enouSh. and after Mr. Oliver's
.llw.J . 0Uld Wish tn i.l-i Ana cVioir fnol
so fw as we are concerned.
A. New Cabinet. !
We have been urging the President, and the
country has been urging him for months to reor
ganize his Cabinet, and place men of honesty "and
ability in it who will command the respect and con
fidence of the people. The Richmond Whig of a -recent
date says :
" When a General fails in campaigns or battles.
he is required to give place to another. Success is
the recognized test oi merit There is no reason
why this rule should be limited to the army. In a
popular government, especially in a time of great
public peril, success in statesmanship is as necessary
as success in arms, and failure should be redressed
in the same way. The statesman or. diplomatist
who lacks competency and commits blunders, may
do as much harm as the General who wants skill
or courage. Tried by this standard, there can be
no doubt that the present Cabinet should give way,
or be removed. They have uniformly, signally and
deploeably failed. Tbe Secretary of State has failed
utterly to establish State relations with any one
government, after nearly three years of effort The
Secretary of the Treasury has failed to save the
finances from running into such disorder as threatens
immediate and general bankruptcy. The Secretary
of War has failed to keep bis armies from being
almost destroyed by desertions, to prevent the loss
of State after State, and to provide regular and re
liable means of supply for- his troops. The Sec
retary of the Navy has failed to create a navy.
The Postmaster General has been diligent and
laborious, and has succeeded moderately well : The
Department of Justice is vacant With no feeling
of personal ookindness or political hostility, but
regarding only the good of a cause doubtless as
dear to them as to ourselves, we respectfully sug
gest to the chief of the four Departments first
named, that they' owe it to the genius of our insti
tutions and to that judgment of mankind which
decrees the forfeiture of place as the penalty for
failure, to resign their offices, and allow the Pres
ident to lest the capacities of others in the important
duties they have had in charge. Should they decline
to do so, we urge it then as an indispensable obliga
tion of the President to require them to vacate their
posts. We are fully convinced that a reconstitution
of the Cabinet upon a wise and liberal scale would
send a shock of joy through the country such as no
triumrb of our arms since the first battle of Manas
sas has produced. We express ourselves temper
ately and respectfully with the hope of accomplish
ing the object A much stronger utterance would
better reflect the earnestness of our convictions,
and the strength of the public desire on this sub
But the President will not heed the voice of the
country. He seems to be "cursed with a heart un
knowing how to yield." A partizan himself, he is
surrounded by narrow-minded partisans who never
lift themselves to the level of the great duties and
responsibilities devolved upon them. It is a singu-
rlar fact that this revolution has developed no great
General in the South, who compares favorably with
Napoleon, or Wellington, or Caesar, except Stone
wall Jackson ; and that no great man has yet shown
himself in the Confederate Congress or Cabinet
When Alexander II. Stephens, who from his very
position is necessarily a cypher in public affairs, is
absent from Richmond, there is no great man in
that City on whom the country can lean in this day
of almost superhuman triaL
We are among those who voted for Mr. Davis for
President We did so with the hope that be would
ignore party and unite the whole country in a vig
orous prosecution of the war. We have been griev
ously disappointed. But it is not too late for Mr.
Davis to save himself in history and save the coun
try. Let him throw himself with a generous confi
dence on the sovereign States let him respect their
rights-let him remodel bis Cabinet, and call to his
aid the ablest and best men of the country in this
trying crisis, without regard to party let him re-
t quire his subordinates of every grade to respect the
rights of the States and oeal justly and kindly with
the people let him cease to contend for territory
which has bvp frvtn war grap, snQ wblob can
not be recovered let him consent to a reorganiza
tion of the army by allowing the men to choose their
own officers let him know no party but tbe coun
try, let him do these things, and he will infuse
new life into the cause. ' IfBt him refuse, and the
cloud which now hangs over ns will thicken and
darken, and the cause may be finally and irretrieva
Cruelty to Soldiers.
One of the correspondents of the Atlanta Intelli
gencer alludes as follows to the cruel treatment of
privates in the army of Tennessee t
" Since my arrival here I have been taking special
pains to observe everything worthy of observation,
and among the things I have noticed is one to which
I desire particularly to call the attention of our
generals. I allude to the abuse of power by subor
dinate ofifcere in the army, and the ill results which
accrue from acts of tyranny over the privates. I
shall explain my accusation by mentioning a cir
cumstance which fell under my personal observa
tion on Saturday last, and which I made a note of
with the intention of writing you for publication.
' A New Orleans friend of mine, being a member
of the reserve artillery at this place, I called to see
him, and observed several men " riding rails," with
a guard over them. On enquiring the nature of
their crimes, which called for such a humiliating
punishment, I learned that it was nothing more
than neglect to answer roll call in tha morning. I
also learned that the commander of the battalion
was in the habit of inflicting such punishment as
"rail toting," "rail riding," "post whipping,",
"stump digging," and "thumb lifting" for tbe
slightest offence and then without waiting for the
order of a court martial, but on his own responsi
bility. I am compelled to protest against any such 'acts
of tyranny, for three reasons :
1st, Because the punishment of a simple offence is
limited to " extra duty," that is, an extra amount
of legitimate military duty, which punishment the
company commander should inflict
2d, Because no corporeal punishment shall be in
flicted, unless by order of a court martial.
3d, Because such ill treatment of oar men leads
to hatred of their officers and ends either in deser
tion, or that revolting offense known as " picking
off" our own officers on the battle field.
This abuse of power afid tyrannical acts on the
part of the subordinate officers, exists, I learn, to
some extent in this army, and must always be pro
ductive of evil and detrimental to the morale and
tpiritt of the troops."
One of the strongest reasons why the army ought
to be reorganized and the men permitted to elect
their officers, is to be found in this 'cruelty of cer
tain officers towards privates. If the officers knew
that they would be responsible to the men, and not
to superiors who wink at their cruelties, they would
pursue a different course, and veterans who have
perilled their lives on a score of battlefields, and
many of whom are covered with honorable wounds,
would not be treated like negroes or dogs for every
trivial offence. An officer who indicts cruel and
unnecessary punishments on his men is unworthy
of his commission, and if he had justice his name
would be stricken from the rolls. Such officers are
mean and cowardly. We regret that there are such
in the service. " They are marked, aad when the
war is over, if not before, they will reap their- re
ward. ... .
Fbok teb Army. Our scouts report a move
ment among the Yankees in Culpeper. A large
force said to be two or three army corps have
crossed to the South side of the Rappahannock.
Whether Meade contemplates an advance, or is
making a feint to draw attention from other quar
ters, time will discover.- . - .
Tho condition of the reads will certainly suspend
operations for several days to come. Rich. Seati
nell, Jan. 2nd. .
KSOBGAJTIZATION 07 TBI AlUCT SuBSTITOTKS, Ac.
It seems to be the settled purpose of the govern
ment to re-conscript theT.welve months men in the
rmy, without giving them the right to which they
are entitled of reorganising the companies and regi
ments. Mr. WigfaH, one of the friends of the Pres
ident, said a few days since in the Senate, that to
Buffer a re-election of officers would be to demoralize
the army. The very opposite is the truth. To re
fuse this right will be to demoralize the army. Pub
lic men show but little respect for, or confidence in
our brave troops when they utter such views. In
deed, the men ought never to have been deprived ef
the right to elect their officers.
- We make the following extracts from a letter from '
an intelligent soldier, dated Army of Northern Vir
ginia, December 25th, 18C3 :
" I was under the impression that it was the duty
.of Congress to legislate for the good of our common
country, but instead of this it seems to have assem
bled for the pui pose of ignoring all laws heretofore
passed, and to trample under foot every .principlu
sacred to the rights of man. It has passed, or will
pass a law requiring all twelve months men now in
the army of the Confederate States to continue in
service without the privilege of reorganizing at tb
expiration of their term of service an act ol tb
grossest injustice, and one which will incur the cei
sure of every soldier in the service of the Confed -rate
States, except tbe incompetent officers who ar i
a perfect burden to the government Neverthele. i
the government has forfeited its every obligation i -the
soldier since tbe war began. I do not beliet :
that you can find one out of every hundred who
not willing to continue in the army of the Confed
rate States until our independence is achieved, pr
vided they are shown some respect by the authoi .
ties at Richmond; but unless this be donegrt ;
dissatisfaction must and will exist Our Go
gress has placed a dark spot upon the brilliant I j
cutcheon of our noble and time-honored Confederac '
which will forever continue to mar its exofillem
and " which all oceans' waters will never wash out
by violating one of its most sacred obligations
contracts. I refer to the compulsion of those w)
nave hired substitutes in tbe army ot the Uonle r.
1 rate States. It has initiated a principle which w .
not only cause its citizens, but even its soldiery .
lose confidence in it And I assure you when su
2 a state of things as that exists, good ly government -..
I have been a soldier in the ranks ot the army i :
. three years, and am desirous of seeing each and e-
) ry man perform his dutyk but at the same time (
! wish to render unto C-ar the things that i z
Caesar's. Why, even the men in this army w ;
j have been deprived of an education, can be hex' i
1 denouncing those in authority for not fulfilling th t -
! promises." -
t We publish to-day a communication from tr i
!' Rev. James Sinclair, of Robeson County, in relat":
to his recent illegal and unconstitutional arrest i
' Gen. Whiting. The order for Mr. Sinclair's arn
which bears date November 25th, 1863, charac
rizes him as " an enemy to our institutions and g .
1 ernment," and directs tbe officer to "forward I
( to these, headquarters." Who made Gen. Whit :
; judge, jury, and executioner? Under our form - f
, government no man can be arrested except " by je
law of the land." Is Gen. Whiting's mere or j
'' " the law of the land ?" Is that " the law f It i
A number of documents accompanied the err .
niunication of Mr. Sinclair, confirming and sust f i-
! ing his statements, but we could not find room f -i
them. They strike us, however, as unnecessary
complete his case, which he has presented to his & I
low citizens with much force and clearness.
Thk Questions or Taxation and Cubbknct
cussed in Secret Session 1 In the House of Rei 1 3
sentatives on the 81st December Mr. Baldwin t
seated the report of the Special Committee to wl i a
was referred tbe subject of tne currency.
- Mr. -Conrad said tbat before the rpuort. was d
be desired to say that the committee was divided is
to the propriety of its being reported and consum
ed in open session. Some thought it should be c -. i-
sidered in open session, while others thought to i j
so would be incompatible with the Dublic intere-.ii
Tbe committee had decided by barely one majo. : y
in favour of its being reported in open session, i d
he thought it due to the House to make this ex t v
nations of the difference of the views of the comi t-
tee before any action was taken on the report .
ur. nenau thought it would be best to have ;!ie
report read in' secret session, and then the Ho ( e
could better cecide whether it should be conside.
in open or see ret session, and he would so move.
Tne motion prevailed, and the House resolved t
self into secret session, when a long and excit vg
debate ensued as to the policy of secret 6essit ts.
After somo time spent in secret session the di'.jrs
were re opened and the House adjourned.
If these secret sessions are continued, especial', j
on questions relating to currency and taxati ,
which touch tbe interests of the whole peo.
the inquiry will .laturally arise, is it necessary o
discuss any thing in open session f Whither e
we drifting T Are the representatives of the peoji e
determined to take every thing, in tecret, mi
their own hands? We warn the people to le i:
to their liberties. '
Secret sessions aire not to be excused in a f -;3
country, except in extreme cases. " Power is i -ways
stealing from the many to the few," and t"i j
power which the people had at the commencement
of the revolution is nearly all gone already, j t
members are not afraid to let the people Enow wl -3 .
they say in discussion, let them throw open t
doors, and keep them open.
Absentees from the Akhy. In the course of t" 1
' debate' in the Senate on the substitute bill, Mr. Hi 1,
of Georgia, said:
" The ranks of the army certainly required fillir . .:
up, but they were thin, not because the muster rol.-
were not full, but because the men on the musk:
rolls were not in the ranks. Absenteeism was th
great vice of tho day. We lost the battle of Missiot
ary Uidge because of absenteeism. Officers of th; -'
army were absent who ware as well as he .was. K '
could give the names of some of these officers, br j
not all of them, as they were too numerous. Bu;
if any ef them ever come before the Senate for pit)',
motion, and he knew it, be would mention the fact j
and vote against him.; General Bragg had state j
in his report tbat two-thirds of his army was absent
All of them, were. Droba.ilv. not on sick furloughs.
'Many of them were nodouot engaged in provost du 1
ty. It bad come to that, that every little village m
the eountry must have a provost and a provost guard'
who, as far as his observation went, were a great
deal more active in annoying citizens than arresting
If there is to be a Dictator, Mr. Foote wants Gen.
Lee. We have as much confidence in and respect
for Gen. Lee as any man living, but we tell Mr.
Foote that the people of North Carolina, who set out
to fight for freedom and liberty, will not submit to ta
Dictator in the p-srson of any living man, while th
power is left to resist Protect tbe oitizen in4iic
rights of person nd property, and we will fight on
and conquer a pea ce from our uufeeling foe, but if we
are to have a Dictator and a Military Despotism,
North Carolina w ill fall back opon her own sove
KtiVntv. We be? onr Keoresentatives in Congress ta
stand op for the right and let the sentiments of their 4
constituents be known. , Alter naving sen oer
hundred thousand men to the field we are not willing
that the few who remain should be made the subjects
ef a grinding despotism for the glorification of the
fanatics in Congress or tbe distinguished general ef
fleers of the army of Tennessee Progrett.
Tomb er thb Pbbss. Nearly the whole Press of
tbe eountry objei :ts to the bill which has passed Con
gress putting in the principals of substitutes. The
Columbia Ciyoiinidn says: -,
President Davis and the members of Congress de
dare that there v. 'as no. contract when the govern
ment allowed SUrmtitutes. We disagree with them
but suppose ttere was mjne ; a principal, for somo I
reason or other, put in a substitute not liable to da- !
ty"to the government, and the government admitted
w as releasing the former from duty, wow mey
caH on the former who owes duty, and they attempt
to hold the latter who owes none - What else than
repudiation is this? We regret to see our govern
ment adoDtintr legal anibbleS and aunterfuees ; it
looks as if it was becoming reckless. -We had hoped
that the Southern Confederacy would be a model of
principle, ana justice and constancy.
;r7 -'- ' For the Staadard.
THE STIRRING DRUMS.
' There's spirit comes with the stirring drums,
In a robe of flame arrayed,
And tbe magic wand in bis iron hand
Is a bared and crimsoned blade,
By the mournful air of the man of prayer,
We may know from whence he comes,
For the good man may not kneel to pray
. For him with the stirring'druras.
Wo! wo for our land! for Destruction's brand
Is the torch that leads him on.
And his flying steeds but increase their speed,
.The farther his car has gone,
By the orphaned child, by the widow wild,
We may know from whence he comes.
For the Mother weeps while the Father sleeps
Unroused by the stirring drums.
Oh,hi8 murderous breath hath the scent of death
- As he breathes on the glowing youth, bright.
Whose hands were white and whose souls were
.'Till he dimmed their "Light of Truth,"
By the fearful shriek, by the pallid cheek.
We may know from whence he comes,
For the Sister weeps while her Brother sleeps
: Unroused by the stirring drums.
, Xet they madly kneel at bis chariot wheel,
And he binds them at his will,
And tbey wear the stain of his galling chain,
Till they learn like him to kill, - young.
By the sad .tears wrung from the strong and
We may know from whence he comes,
. For the Brother weeps while his Brother sleeps,
Unroused by the stirring drums.
And they call him " War," and he bears afar
From many a peaceful hearth,
The brightest gem of tbe diadem
That crowned its bliss on earth,
By the deep, deep moan, by the deeper groan,
We may know from whence he comes,
For the Father weeps while bis loved one sleeps
Unroused by the stirring drums.
Miy the brave not shrink from the awful brink
Of the "pit" from whence he came.
From the "second death" of bis murderous breath
And his quenchless robe of flame 1
By the heart that breaks, by the heart he breaks,
We may know from whence he comes,
For tbe Mother sleeps as her loved one sleepy
Unroused by the stirring drums.
In the olden time, in the orient clime,
' This selfsame spirit led
The brave of old to a deed so bold.
That the grave gave up its dead 1
By the pardoning blood of the Son of God,
We know from whence H e came, Peace "
And that War will cease for the " Prince of
Is His all-conquering Nnie. M.
The Constitution of the Confederate States or
dains three departments of government Executive,
Legislative and Judiciary, ibey are co ordinate in
dignity and authority, and each in its sphere su
preme as against tbe others. Tbe successful at
tempt of one of these departments to subordinate
the others would be revolution. The combination
of two of them to destroy the other would be eon
SDiracv. Tbe Constitution would be overthrown
and the liberties of the people subverted if such a
nrocedure were tolerated. Is there no occasion to
think of this? Let us see.
In our issue of yesterday we mentioned the pas
sage by an, almost unanimous vote of the Senate, of
a bill repealing tne exemption 01 tnose wno nave
laced substitutes in the service. This bill, having
b Hnnaiy-wnare it originated,
requires now but tne signature ot tne president to
become an act Of the merits of the bill we have
already spoken. It may now be regarded as a law.
We wish at this time only to make some passing
comments upon the tone manifested in Congress in
the debates upon this measure. A Senator (Mr.
Orr, of S. C.,) among other objections to tbe pas
sage of the bill gravely questioned its legality. " If
the pending bill becomes a law," said Mr. 0., "there
... m .. . . T
will bo great difficulty in executing it, by reason of
iiVl :o ; .v.. iD:. .w.
or resort to measures which he was not prepared ;
for." A Senator from Missouri, (Mr. Clark,) repre- v
senting a constituency wholly beyond the action and
control of our ' laws, replied in urging iU passage ':
tbat "in regard to the action of the courts, steps '
may and should be taken to remove the subject .
beyond their j urisdiction." The Senator from Mis-
sissippi (Mr. Brown) goes further: "We should '
not defer our legislation to consult the views of
every State Judge to ascertain whether he will
overthrow it or not by his judicial decision. We .
have high duties to perform. Let us perform them .
without reference to State Judges. There was a .
remedy against the interference of the courts, in
tbe suspension of the writ of habeas corpus." The '
vote of Congress upon this measure shows to what '
extent the provisions of the Constitution are get
ting to be disregarded in tbe Legislative branch;
and how tarievolutionary sentiment already prevails
in that body. The strength of the popular respect
for our government, and the good sense of tho
quiet masses, may for tbe moment hllow such decla- ,
rations to pass without disturbance. The little
respect in which substitute men axe held may influ
ence a temporary acquiescence in them. But tbe
intelligent and ardent lover of his country cannot
witness such proceedings with indifference, nor will
he with submission.
There is as much patriotism and intelligence out
Of the Halls of Congress as in it, and the tendency
of the Legislative and Executive declaration so far
this session to a subversion of the liberties of the
country and a military despotism, is already sowing
tbe seeds of a counter revolution. Our people claim
it as their right, as the duty of the generaT govern
ment to ensure to them, as the basis of the compact
by which tbey have associated together, tbat the
Confederacy is but a community of sovereign States.
Tbey look to the Constitution as the Supreme Law
of the Confederacy. They regard it aa among the
blessings for which they are indebted to their ances
try, that they transmitted to us a written Consti
tution. It received the plighted faith of our fathers.
It is the hope of our posterity. To, argue questions
outside or above it is but to assailtbe. cause of )aw
of right and order. The wise men whose recently
remodeled our present government may have doul.t-
ed its perpetuity when toey saw wreck after wreck:
floating on the tide of time of the short lived Repub
lics which had preceded 'them. Remodeled, too,
after bitter experience - from violation of the old.
chart, and at a time when clouds and darkness were
hovering over us, they gave it to us and we took it
as the anchor of hope to cling to in tbe coming stooo.
We took it as our reliance, as our supreme law ;
and the Congress or Fxecutive who would now .
throw it aside would perjure their oath to abide by
it willingly in letter and spirit ; to render it obe
dience and to support and maintain it, and neither
in conscience or conduct to ever transcend it,
Should the poison of the doctrine to which we
bave referred taint the reverence of our people for
this fundamental chart should the insidious coun
cils of our representatives corrupt the very stamina
of our government what autidote can restore it to
health and honor f Should our people be brought
to despise the weakness of their government, or ,
suspect its-intentions of hostility to the genera wel
fare, the slightest irregu laritr, the exercise, of any
unauthorised power, whether by principal or subor
dinate officers, will be ssuffieiwnt to arouse, their an-,
gry clamors, or almost to srtake them rise in arris
against it There is -a spirit of resistance in the
hearts of our countrymen. They value life not by
its conveniences, burby the independence and dig
nity of its condition At tliis moment we appeal
only to tbe disortion of Congress before they
arouse the jeafous uiadqess of qur people.- Rich,
For tbe Standard.
Editor N. L Standard: - - . ,
Obab Su: A card in roar iwne of tbe 8th met. aignea
W. H. Otlrer, purporting to be a reply to a communication
ftigned "Justice," demands some nutice at my bands. Sir.
(Oliver aava he pever threatened tbe imprea anient of the
beeves. This, " Justice aa not enarge. : jusuce
charred "that a nortiim of the beeree had been impressed
in W eatera N. C, and eommiasaries threatened the im prea-
. . 1 . t if n.;. j j . 1 XI ni: :.h
ment 01 me omers. xnia aiu no. cnargv ar. uiiTer i.u .
impressment, as he did not live in Western N. C, neither )
ie he a commissary, but only a commissary agent, (without ,
rant, bat with pay, at least in tne perqouiies 01 oibcb, u 1
the beef transaction prures.) and as snch, had no authority 1
ta imnn-sa. Mr. Oliver doea not and will not deny luai
his superiors in office threatened tbe impressment of the t
beeves, and tbat to get the beeves in Western X. C- released 1
and to avoid impressment, tbe partiea were compelled to
Sell to the government at greatly below tne mantei price (
- justice " did charge tbat atter a part 01 tne oeeves nau 1
been delivered to Mr. U'iver as commissary agent, a d:-a- j
pute arose relative to tbe kidney tallow, and when the ;
.larties ware endeavoring to arrange tne matter in aispuie,
Ur. Oliver served a written notice of impressment on tbe ',
parties. I cbal'enge commissary ageut Oaver to deny this, j
as I am prepared witn trie proui.
The gist of tho eompla'iit of "Justice" against Mr.
Oliver was this, that the beeves were delivered to Mr O.
as commissary agent of the government, 'hit when the
parties camo to a final settlement with Mr. O. tbey were
requested by bim to sipa receipts, wncn be prepared nun
sell, as vouchers to bis account for over 1,' 00 pounds i'f
beef less tbau they bad weighed and delivered to him.
and which be had entered on bis biota as government
beet and fur which the parties had temporary receipts
signed by him as commissary agent. Tbat this l.WX1
pounds Mr. Oliver kept fur himself and friends, as be al
tered, allowing tbe parties on ly SS cents per pound, when
other persons, who purchased 'from, tbe psnies, paid 55
cents, the market price This charge, Mr. Oliver does not
deny, out attempts to. justiiy ; nritt, on tbe ground iui
according to the agreemeut between tbe parties and the
commissaries at Raleigh, tbe parties were allowed to sell
20 beeves to the citizens of Graham, Mr. Oliver among the
number, and tbat be bad a right to purchase the i,ovu 1
pounds. Tbe parties were allowed to Be! I su beeves out
ride of the government, and Mr. Oliver did have the same
right as other citizens to purchase. Other citizens availed
themselves of their rights and did purchase at the market
price, to-wit: 5ft cents per pound. Mr. Oliver failed to
avail ninweir ot nis ngbts, with tbe exception ot purcnas
ing some necks to feed his bands on, (which. necks are not
included with the 1,000 pounds,) and for which be mid the
full market price. Why it was that Mr. Oliver failed to
avail himself of his rights to purchase as other citizens
did at the marset price, to wit : 00 cents per pound, ana
afterwards appropriated to his own use and the use of his
friends from the beef furdished the government, one thou
sand pounds, selected frum the whole lot and mostly it
not altogether choice hind quarters, and allowed himself
to pay only 35 cents per pound, I will leave the public
to judge. 1
Mr. Oliver next attempts to justify himself by saving he
purchased for the wires of persons in service and those
unable to purchase for themselves. Very maguautmous,
Mr. Oliver, provided you had been distributing your own
goods. " We bbnuld bs honest- before we are generous"
I am at a loss to know where Mr. Oliver finds the law au
thorizing commissary agents to appropriate government
stores or the property of private individuals to wives of
those in service. I was so well pleased with Ibis part of
Mr Oliver's defence that I have been anxiously searching
for those wives who shared Mr.-Oliver's generosity with
other person's goods, for it is so noble in these days of
avarice to find one even generous with property that does
not belong to himself, that I thought it was due to Mr.
Oliver sua the public tbat his light should not be hid under
s bushel. Afttr diligent search I have been unable to find
the wife of a single soldier that enjoyed one pound of this
beef. I do find that one vetr nice bind Quarter was sent
to tbe commissary general ol the Confederate States for
aorin-aroiina: ana as oe is no so.uieni wire, i suppose ne .
is one of those .Ur Oliver speuks of as being "vaatili iP
vurchau." One bind angrier was sent to the landlord of ;
r .1 ,f m: - - i . r u.: j i. j . .
the commissary in Kaleiyh, and as I am informed, contrary
to the instructions of the commissary, as be wrote to Mr. -Oliver
it was his custom not to draw supplies from the 2
government, and requested Mr. Oliver to purchase from
the parties the quarter and send it to Raleigh. Yet. so j
generous was Mr. Oliver with tbe government beef, be
supplies the landlord, I suppose, "at 85 cents, as that is all
he paid for it.- One quarter went to a commissary with
the rank of major, and over 400 pounds to oommissarv
agent Oliver. Mr. Oliver was very generous to bis friends, .
yet, when he comes to take his part his generosity j over
As comtnisssTy Oliver must know to whom he diBtribu-
ted his charities, it is due to himself and tbe public, that :
be make known the persons who were so fortunate as to -
receive bis official favors. I call upon bim to let the pub-
lie know bow much of the 1 ,000 pounds tho soldiers' wives
received; unless ne noes, lue piiono win mini mat 10 tne
fault of appropriating the goods of another, he has added
that of attempting to deceive with the cloak 'of char
ity, "putting on the livery of heaven to subserve the par
poses of tbe devil."
Hoping that Mr. Oliver may be able to extricate him
self from this unfortunate difficulty, and satisfy the public
tbat he is honest ss well as generous,
I am jours, very respectfully,
. JOHN G. ALBRIGHT,
Oue of the owners of the beeves.
Graham, Dee. 22, 183. . .
The Passport System a Nuisance.
? P?ion of
Hiiiiri ran w 1111:11 rcanv utnirra lji rfii 1 hii ikii i iim arw
Congress which really desires to replenish the ar-
mv nnrl 1q not mprplv intent unnn a nVmafrAflm.icm
i "VI " J -t .-Jvw.uu.
f - r . Lf t 1.
-wnicn sings 01 arms in puouc, ana speculates in
apple brandy, privately. It is easy to make a
number of practical tests of the real disposition of
Congress to increase and strengthen the army, and
the suggestion- we have now to make, offers a ready .1
and conclusive one
The suggestion is this : To abolish the passport 3
system. Such an act would give to the field that ft
? with this supernumerary bureau. The officer of J
passports has three setts of employees. There are
various clerks, scribes, and messengers immediate-
ly connected with, the office; then the guards at'
the stations of travel, a squad of whom is to be 'j
found at every railroad platform in the Confedera-:!
cy, bullying passengers ; and, finally, the trim mil-''
itary gentlemen who travel from station to station, '.
and bawl in every railroad car in the Confederacy, 1
" show your passports 1" All these employees in ',
the South would furnish several full divisions. i
They are generally able-bodied, always impolite, '
and if their courage is equal to the insolence of ;
their manners, would make very positive and cour
The present employment of these men is of no
earthly benefit to the Confederacy. Indeed, the en
tire passport system is an unmitigated nuisance ; it
isworse than useless ; it is a source of endless an
noyance to honest persons, and instead of being a
check on spies and traitors, it is a postive facility to
them, for it makes the only test of the legitimacy
of their travel the possession of a scrap of brown
paper, which any villian may easily get as any fool
may easily forge. The writer has recently travelled
over several thousand miles in the Confederacy,
through various gauntlets of tbe passport system,
and he has never yet seen one single instance of ac
tual arrest by the agents of that system. Does any
one know of a single important arrest madethrough
the agency of the passport office ? Yet we all know
that spies are constantly moving from point to point
in the Confederacy and making their exit at pleas
ure. The passport actually facilitates them; for
it is easily got, is taken as prima Jaeit evidence in
their favor, quiets suspicion, and excludes enquiry.
If the authorities desire to detect spies and traitors
it most be done through some other agency than
the passport office, which experience, in addition to
reason, has shown to be inemcient, corrupt, and, in
fact, auxiliary to the escape of the friends and emis
saries of the enemy. But it is not only on these
accounts tbat the office should, be abolished, but es
pecially because it employs a very considerable num
ber of men who should ba in active military service.
Many of these men are skulking on detailed service;
they belong properly to the army, and are eager
enjug'.v to wear the uniform and present the insignia
of soldiers on railroad cars; and it is high time that
they were put where they belong. lOcnmond m
aminer. ' "
Extravagant Hires are being asked for servants
for the incom'na year, because the impression pre
vails that good7 servants are scarce, and families
must have them regardless of the unreasonableness of
the prices asked. Negro women are hiring from
$100 to i300 ; and as the government has determined
to pay $800 for men,- private men can get them for
no iess. . White men educated gentlemen who
have families to provide for and children to educate
who have to expose themselves to the weather,
sleep on the cold ground at night, and often march
scores of miles barefooted who are protecting slave
owners in tneir nenis 01 property, and who are lia
ble to death from the enemy's bullets at any moment
get but S613U per year for ttwir aervtftes : and Tet
the owners of negro men. are asking the govern
ment treble that amount, for servants. , .To clothe
and feed a negro at the p resent bich nrioes asked for
everything, will cost uot less than $1,200, which
comes out of the hirer, in addition to the tax which
he has to pay.- Families had better do their own
work with white help t'aan submit lo the ruinous
Hires now sought, ta be obtained. Rich. Dispatch.
O RI F jlALE COLLEGETHE
. V. twenty-six th nation will open on Monday the lith
-.wij,um y.oae on loursuaj, toe 3d or June, lsst,
J, a isjus " v -Oxford, N.C.
, " . 'For the Standard.
. Camp 87tm Bio't Tt. 0. 1 Obaxm 0. H., Ta , I
' December 27th, 188. f
W. W. Holdik, Esq: I wish t addreas a few words to
tbe ladies of Pittjniity in behalf ef the soldiers in this
regiment from that enna-y, who are hazarding their eiis
tence for their protection. ''.
We are now doing picket duty on tbe Eapidan, and the
chilling blast of winter is close opon s, and already the '
gmand is corered with a now. we are totereoiy wan auir
plied with clothing and blankets and shoes, but ere greatly
groood is corered with a now. We are toieraoiy wan aug
in ated of gloves. They are oerar issued to oh by tbe
' g"fiment, and we are dependent upon oar lady friends
at home for them.
The citizens of Pitt, from th rich man's largess to
tbe widow's mite, bare derofed themselves with com
mendable zeal to tbe comfort of those, who have left their
peaw fill homes to defend them from our merciless foes,
and they may be well assured that we are truly grateful to
them for their numerous acts of disinterested kindness,
and I am persuaded lht tbe fact that we are in need of -gloves
to protect our bands from tha. cold, when out breast
ing the rude North winds, on our lonely heat at night
without fire, without a companion, save our trusty rifles,
has only to be made known to the ladies to secure us a full '
aupply. More deoted lore of country and self-sacrificing
patriotism swelled not tbe hearts ot the famous heroines
of Spuria, than has tx-en exhibited by Southern ladies
during this war, and they will uot let u suffer for any
thing that is in their power to supply.
Their deeds will never be forgotten while tbey life, and ,
ility will shine with uudying lustre whoa earthly glory "
and its fashions are forgotten.
Very'nspectfully. R. W.
For tbe Standard.
Ua.EniT0R: I see a" name advertised in your paper
which I suppose wasintended for mine, as absent from my
regiment, th N. C. cavalry without leave You will please
do me the justice to state tbat I have a furlough from the
Sergeen at the Hospital, and can show it at any time. I
also received a pssprt and transportation to the regiment
from the Hospital. It does not to me seem necessary that
' a sick soldier should be compelled to report to his regi
ment every month.
Very respectfully, 5V. O. BRAD8HER.
& member of 4th N. 0. Oav. and present
Camp near Hanover Junction, Va., Dec. 11, 4868.
Died, of Measles, in Poplar Lawn Hospital? Petersburg,
Va , on the 21st day of August, lft8, Mr. LimsrOBV P.
Lasm.iT, ia the 21st year of bis age.
He was a volunteer in Co. I, 4'st Reg't. if. 0. Cavalry,
and was beloved by a'l his comrades in arms. He has left
a widowed mother, a brother and sister, together with
many dear relatives and friends to mourn their loss. Had
he an enemy in the wide world it wis without cause. He
was a true follower of the meek and lowly Jesus, and al
though he had joined himself to no earthly church, we be
lievehis son! is now safe within the holy gates of the New
Jerusalem. His widowed mother, and bereaved family
viaited his grave in Virginia, and bad hia remains disin
terred and brought home to the family graveyard, where,
he now sleeps beside h's father. R. M. B.
A T TUB BEQTJE8T OF MANY FRIENDS
xm. a. s. tlA lit' announces nimseu a c&namaie iur com
missioner in the Etstern Ward.
Jatt. 4, 184.
WE ARB AUTHORIZED TO ANNOUNCE
JOHN NICHOLS as a candidate for re-eleotiou aa
commissioner in the Western Ward.
Jan. 4, 1864. 2-9-.
WTBTTR ARK AUTHORIZED AND RE.
ff quested to announce WILEY 3.VULS as a candi-
jate j-r Constable in Ristrict No. 2, at the ensuing muni-
l. z, in iue
pIm.1 on on the Sd MOMlar ot Joni
n - -
. Tjec.3i 136$.
HTE ARE REQUESTED TO ANNOUNCE
ff J. J. OVERBY for re-election as a Commissi -ner
in the E.istern Ward. '
rrr)! ARE AUTHORIZED TO ANNOUNCE
1 Or. K B H AYWOOD as a candidate tor uommia-
sinner in tbe Eastern Ward.
Jan. 4, l64.
Fur the Standard.
Ma Editor: - Permit ns to snzsest to tho voters of the
Western Ward tho name of PARKER 0VERI1Y. Esq., as
s candidate for re-election for a seat in the next Board of
Commissioners for.the City. He will be supported by
Jan. 4, 1864. ' ' 2-td.
For tbe Standard.
Mb. Editob: -Permit ns to su?gest to the voters of the
Western Ward the nameof ALEXANDER CRRECH, Esq,
for a seat in the next Board of Commissioners for the City.
He will be supported by MANY VOTERS.
Dec.,81, 18B3. - 1
Far the Standard.
Mb. Eoitob: Have the kindness to state in vour paper
that Col. W. H. H- Tocxaa will be aupporled for Com
missioner In the Western Ward, by
Raleigh. Pee. 28, V868. 108-4tpd.
mi A THE MA TIC AL AND CLASSICAL
If Jl SCHOOL. Tbe first session ot this echm.l, located '
at Tally Ho, Granville county, N. C, will op-?n on Mon
day the 18th of January. The price of board is eighty
dollars per month. Tuition sixty dollars per sesBiou of
torparticulars.adaressinernncipaiat laiiyno, n.v.
T. J. HORNER, Principal.
Jan 4.18B4. 2-9tpd.
13?" BiblicaIRa"r and State Journal copy and for
ward bill to the Principal at Tally Ho I
OFFICE NORTH-CAROLINA R. U. COM
PANY, Vanco. January 1. 1S4. Dividend No. 8.
Thp Hoard of Directors of this Company have declared a
dividend of A per cent, on their capital stock, payable on
and after the first day of February next, at this office.
The transfer book will be cloned trom mis date until ine
day of parment.
JOHN H. BRYAN, JR.
Jan. 4, 1864.
SCHOOL FOR BOYS THE SUUSUKJU tin
n tukiw thia method of informing bis friends and the
public, tbat he will comm ence tbe next session of his school
on Monday the I lth inst., at tbe District school house in
the Western Ward 01 tne uuy 01 inieigo.
Tsass Per session of 5 months, spelling, reading, wri
ting, and arithmetic S5. English Grammar, Geography,
Composition, Philosophy, Chemistry and Latin. $30.
lit. d. tnuuao,
Jan. 4,1864. 2-ltpd. '
A CARD VIE TAKE THIS JBKTttUU ur
savins to oir numerous patrons throughout the State
aad elsewhere, that owing-to a very destructive fire that
destroyed oar Foundry and Whops thereunto connected,
we will not be able to meet onr engagements in nay of
machinery for some time ; hut hope by renewed energy
and industry wecan fill former contracts for casting's. Also.
new orders trom any pattern (as mey were not oarnea,
in two or three weeks. .
DIXON, ALBRIGHT 4 UU.
Jan. 4, 1864. .
IMPORTANT AUCTION SALE. ON THUR8
. DAY nest, the 7th inst., in front of onr Sales' Room,
we will sell to tbe Digueal Diuqer, commencing n n
1,300 pennyweight Gold Bullion,
6"C dollars Gold Coin,
2 North-Carolina Stale Bonds. tl.oOO rich, issued for
t the Wilmington, Charlotte A Rutherford Railroad
FURNITURE. . .
One Book Case, , ,
One Card Table, . '
Two What-Nots, one very fine,
One Passage Table, -
One small Card Table, .
One lot fine Chairs,
One large Mabngapy Rocking Chair,
One fine lot China and Glass Ware,
One large set Silver Plated Castors,
One lot fine Paintings and Engravings, .
One lot fine Mantel Ornaments,
' Waitresses, Pilldws, Ac., Ac ,
One sett fine Waiters, . .
One lot fine Window Shad.i,
One lot Garden Implements, ' .. -And
inauy otber desirable Article
Raleigh,'Jan.4,1864, ' . ; td.
ATE ACLTER WANTED I 'WISH TO EM
ploy an-eiperieneed Female Teachar, qualified to
teach a thorough eouiae of English. ,. . - J. T. LEACH.
Leachburg, Johnston Co., M. C, Jan. 4, 1864. 8 8tpd.
aTMPORTANT NOTICE TO TANNERS - 1
JL Leather tanned hi three weeks. - A receipt for tanning
Calf iSkios in three or four weeks for $1.(00.
I have a receipt for tanning calf skins in tbsee or four
weeks, and will warrant tbe lealberto be equal to tbe Phil-
tdelpbi) or Lemotn skins. Tbu prooeta uas Been sausiae- .
toriiy tested during tha last year, having tanned '.'0 ealf (
skins during tbat time. The receipt was obtained from a M
scientific French tanner, andeost I00 m peace limes. -1
will aell tbe receipt for I,M), and will, give satisfactory
references as to tha quality of the leather Canned, and the
merits of the process. - ' "
Mr. Pefer Krsncis, Raleigh, is mvagent for North-Carolina.
My address b WILLI AM M. FRANCIS,
. --.- Fold's Depot, Uinwiddie Co., Va. '
Note. A speermta of the calfskins tanned by this pro
cess may be seen by applying to Mr. Peter fcrancia,at
tiaieiga. - - - . . -. , : .4
Jao. 4, 1SC1. , . v 8-grnd.
ST. MARY'S SCHOOI.-DIflAFPOINTE (i
in procuring' indiapeusable supplies, I -am obliged 1
to defer the opeoinr bf the next Term,-A" shurt delay, r - '!
trust, will enable me to fix a day fur -the return or my pu
pils, withJhe assurance that tbey will find a larder not
empty. The price of pruTinioiis'will compel me lit increase
the chargjfos bond. ; ALDKRT BMiUEtJ.
Ra'eign, Jan, 4, 1864 - v - ; ,
ST The Cbarlot'e jiuUttin, the Wilmington Journal,
the Payetteville Oxtrfxr, and the RfaisUc, Petersburg,
will pieae yvSTitis nutiey one iusetnou, and seas HtW
bills to ibia .ttfiue. ' : V - :