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THE WICHITA DAILY EA&LE: WICHITA, KANSAS; FRIDAY MORNING, MA Y 21, 1886.
SI. M. MURDOCH, Editor.
FRIDAY MORNING. MAY 21.
OUH WEATHER PROPHETS.
An Article on Nature's Energies by a
Student and Scientist.
Stafford, Ks., May 13, 1886.
To the Editor of the Eagle.
A paragraph in your paper of a
few days since, tn which you very sen
sibly take issue with a certain Mr.
Foster, of ljcaveuworth, and other
soi-disant weather prophets, and
boldly assert that no man can predict
atmospheric changes, except within
remarkably circumscribed periods,
like those to which the signal sen ice
confines itself not more than forty
eight hours, and based upon simul
taneous barometrical observations
over large areas, is worthy of more
than a passing thought of the correct
ness of your logic, aud your efforts to
teach your large number of readers
proper ideas upon the subject of me
teorology, so intensely interesting just
at this season of fitful variation of
temperature, and the terrible phe
nomena ot tornauocs improperly
As you declare, no one can correctly
prophecv of the weather for many
days in advance, much less for months
and years as some claim, and who put
forth elaborately calculated tables, all
of which utterly fail or merely coin
cide as to heat in July aud cold in
It Is conceded that low barometer,
without discussion, is the cause of all
storms, but what is the primal eucrgy
cousequent upon which comes our low
This primal energy is the sun or
rather is due to the variability of solar
radiation. The first coincidences be
tween solar variability in its heat em
anations and terrestrial phenomena
were discovered in the field of magne
tism. It is well understood by the
crudest couutry surveyor that a
freely suspended needle, although it
points in one direction is, nevertheless,
within a small arc constantly in mo
tion these motion-constants depend
upon the angular distance of the suu
from the horizon, and seem to be gov
erned by the effort of the north pole
of the needle to follow the course of
There are terrible fluctuations from
the diurnal oscillations referred to,
and which are "constants" mathe
matically considered, as stated.
While the celebrated German as
tronomer, Schwabe, was devoting his
energies to solar studies, the English
scholar recently deceased Sir Ed
ward Sabine, was also engaged in
earnest observation of the 'suasniodic
affections of the needle," and he was
rewarded with the remarkable dis
cover- that these strange fluctuations
were morfc frequent in years of high
Thc'profouud Argo (of France) de
voted himself to the startling phenom
enon, and first established the fact of
magnetic cycles of, in round numbers,
eleven years their maxima aud min
ima agreeing with the maxima ami
minima of solar energy.
In now reviewing a magazine article
(to refresh my memory in preparing
this paper for the Eaole), which I
wrote several years ago, on ''The Cel
ebrated Storms of History," covering
a period of sixteen centuries, I am
forcibly struck by the remarkable fact
confimatory of the argument in the
preceding paragraph that the years
of the most torriblo hurricanes, cy
clones (purely an ocean storm), torna
does, hailstorms and allied atmos
pheric disturbance with their accom
panying fearful destruction oflifc and
property, coincido nearly perfectly
with the j ears of solar activity and
sun-spots, or within two or three cars
preceding, or following a sun-spot
maximum sometimes the curye, up
and down, varies flattens out as
it were, as would be seen if I could
present a diagram here.
Commencing with A. D. 319, the
great storm years of recorded history
havobcen as follows: A. D. 459, 701,
919, 1091, 1479, 1510, 1658, 1696, 1728,
1772, 1779, 1782, 1784, 1788, 1791, 1798,
1800, 1810, 1829,1839,1849,1859,1869
aud 1879; tho latter date and the past
year arc fresh in the minds of us all,
and were fruitful of violent storms all
over tho world, particularly in the
It will bo observed that all the great
storm years above referred to, are
separated into periods (with some
missing dates, of which 1 have no
record), of nearly a decade apart, very
closely approximating the accepted in
terval of sun-spot maxima or in
other words, erratic variations of
solar radiation, causiug low barome
ter, and consequently violent storms.
But is because of tbe flattening out
of tho curve of .these cycles at tiroes,
mathematically spcakimr, which de
stroys the infallibility of predictions of
great storms on the earth, although
the years in which they will
occur, may be approximately de
termined, and these are the three years
as stated, preceding aud following tho
maximum of a "sun spot period; but
as to determining tho place aud tho
time of storms, whilo so many causes
exist, local or otherwise to fiyor or
repel au area of "low barometer," I
agreo with yon, that it is tho height of
absurdity to attempt it, except within
a very limited time in advance, aud
then only when a storm is in actual
operation, and its movements based
upon telegraphic communication with
a largo number of meteorological sta
tions as to existing barometric con
ditions. All the theories of the equinox plan
etary pcrturbatious, etc., upon which
our so-called weather prophets base
their predictions, arc constantly inter
fered with by unknown and probably
unknowable cosmical factors in the
solution of tho problem of "weather
forecasts," and there alleged auguries
must be relegated to the domain of
mere guess work, and are about as ro
table as the almanacs of the last gen
eration, which read for only for in
stance, ia a detached sentence running
the whole length of the calendar of
that month. "Look out for thunder
showers about this time."
To solar origin is due the manifold
chaBges in all things earthly, animal
and vegetable growth; variations of
temperature; our motive power of all
kinds, water steam and electric; oar
famine, our deluges, droaths, show
en, MpfaYxa, calms, tonadoes awl
nectcd with tbat mysterious but abso
lute dictator, tho sun. Soiar energy,
or rather its variability, causes all the
wonderful phenomena describes the
earth swinging in space is a hngo
magnet, and responds submissively to
every exaction of her lord and master,
the sun. Ho has but to beckon, and
no slave to the most arbitrary of mon
archy ever moved so promptly.
There are times when this celestial
autocrat, emulating mundane rulers,
becomes restless and fretful, then our
poor earth suffers much, responsive to
the whims and inconsistencies of its
Every telegrapher knows how the
wires respond to the action of a mag
netic storm on tho sun's surface, and
how his efforts to transmit messages
are interfered with. The wholo
aerial envelope of the earth is affected,
too, by the magnetic influence of the
suu, and responds to the most deli
cate variability in the inteusity of
that mysterious force, as shown in the
almost measureless daily fluctuations
of the barometer, which strangely co
incide with the hourly oscillations of
the compass needle above referred to.
Observations conducted with that
beautiful instrument, a mercurial bar
omcthcr, show a perfect coincidence
with the diurnal oscillations of the
needle, and what more confirming
proof is required that both are obey
ing that btrange, invisible force, far
away on the great body of the sun,
whose wonderful but sublime secret is
known only to Him who made that
immense source of all life, aud sus
pended it "high in tho hcaens," a
living symbol of His own Majesty and
This same profound mj stery, aria
bility of solar radiation, appears to
the controlling agent in all our terrific
earth-storms, and tho weird spirit of
destruction is but a messenger from
the suu. who rides upon the lightning
aud pours out dcsolatiou in his path
The au Ail tornado, as it hisses and
sucks up everything in its way,
whether the innocence of childhood
or the murderer drenched with the
gore of his victim; whether a brothel
of siu or a temple dedicated to the
Living God, arc alike the evidences of
the vigorousness of this occult law
aud the futilily of man's power to
cope with its fury.
Yet this same strange energy ,whose
harness "13 the lightuiug, aud within
certain limits, man docs control, can
be gcucratcd in a lady's thimble, aud
made to perform almost miraculous
deeds by the mere manipulation of
That air toruadocs, v. hose origin is
the suu, are magnetic, is no longer
disputed; that there aro positive rela
tions between the aerial currents of
the earth aud terrestrial magnetism,
and that the latter is dependent upon
the activity of solar encrgv, there is
hardly now a doubt among scientists;
the earthquake, the abnormal tid.il-
wavo, which frequently a'-coinpauiei
unusual manifestations of solir activ
ity, the drcadiul toruado, the gentle
zephyr of a Juno morning, or ihe in
significant wiud cddy.with just ciiergj
enough to pick tin small li'ecco of
straw aud a cloud of dust in its pass
age, aic alike obeying the law of vari
ability in solar force, aud that tho
lust stated phenomenon, of daily oc
currence iu our streets, is but the
miniature of its posihilitie-; for
nature throughout her whole domain,
acts with the infiutcssiuial a-, she doc
with immensity, repealing exactly,
differing iu degree only, in the dimin
utive, what t-he docs iu immensity,
because the fundamental livraof lih
are the same. Any one may learn
this sublime truth of immutability iu
her laws, by observing the flop- of a
simple prairie ravine, where the ele
ments have been at work, and then
comparing it with the scarped aud
rugged sides of tho loftiest mountain
range; or in a more insignificant aud a
grander scale of comparison, go to tho
margin of sonic little brook, watch
two air bubb'cs revolving together
in the water, and then turning to the
celestial vault, contemplate the double
stars, or the entire stellar system, to
learu that the same law controls the
action of the simple bubbles and the
scintillating orbs alike as they whirl
through the regions of aerial space.
The variability of solar ciicriry
brings with it a retinue of varied and
ever varying phenomena. Among
theso are hurricanes, tidal-waves, cy
clone, rare electrical displays, abnor
mal (as to latitude) auroral exhibi
tions, wet seasoua, dry seasons, hot
summers, cold summers, drouth",
famines, epidemics aud possibly, hich
is gaining credence yearly, as ob-erva-tions
aro being multipled aud results
compared; upon the unitability of so
lar activity depends the very temper
aments of the people of tho globe we
all know from experience what a
grumble killer bright sunshine is, and
how conversely wo are afflicted on a
cloudy day. All theso attendant phe
nomena vary in inteusity of course as
the solar activity varies, aud the peri
ods of maxima or minima approach or
As I have stated, the cvideuco is
clear, aud is no longer a theory, tint
the variation of solar heat produces
similar variation iu terrestrial evapor
ation, and an increased tendency to
One of the concomitants of sun-spot
activity is brilliant aurora, aud tint
they always accompany a solar out
burst, we have only to consult the
record to confirm tho statemeut. For
more thau twenty years I have brcn a
closo student of tho phenomenon of
the aurora borcalis, and I say without
fear of contradiction, that all our tor
nadoes have been proceeded by the
display of the aurora; aud I assert
here that whenever au aurora i seen
in this latitude it is premonitory of
disastrous atmospheric disturbance
the violence of the 'disturbance is
greater or less iu degree, as the arc or
streamers of the aurora approach or
recede from our zenith, measured by
their augular distance from the hori
zon; but jut where the effect is to
manifest itself, no law has yet been
discovered that in any sense ap
proaches fallibility. Hundreds of
dates could be offered, without a
hiatus, to substantiate my argument,
but want of space forbids their pre
sentation; lot it suffice that to those
who choose to continue the subject for
themselves, their own observations
and record of auroras, storms, and
solar outbursts trill be a continuise
soarcA of pleasure, and the great
secret ia the arcanum of the interest
bag rabjeet may gradually unfold It-,
aurora may come more perfectly to
them than I have attempted to show.
The Garnet Plaindealcr, a few days
since, in a single sentence, without ex
planation, asserts that tornadoes
aro not more frequent than form
erly, or aro not likely to be; that
statement inspires mc to offer a few
thoughts upon this branch of the tor
nado question as those friends of the
air should be calledthe Garnett paper
with a majority of our state journals
insist upon calling them cyclones; and
primarily I wish our pcoplo would
divest thcinscl vc3 of continually using
a misnomer when talking or writing
about these dreadful storms.
There is no authority for such an
infringement of tho rules of etymology
and in the belief that I shall not be
accused of pedantry, I will venture
here the true definition of the two
words under discussion as accepted
by mcterologists in their nomenclature
of storms, and to w horn u e must ac
cord the rights of determining these
questions. The cyclouo is purely an
ocean storm, from the Greek kuklos
meaning a circle; the cyclone is rarely
less than forty miles wide, but oftcner
z. thousand. This storm, it must be
observed, is exactly what its name im
plies one of a rotary character, mov
iug iu not on a circle, straight forward
with an enormous radious as stated;
there is uoswaing aud bounding as
with our tornado, and it has a center
of absolute calm.
The tornado our special considera
tion just now is derived from the
Spanish, I'orlegues, Italian and Latin
all primarily, of course, from the
Latin tornarc, toruo, meaning to twist.
The truthfuliucss ot which definition,
all who ever witnessed a tornado, will
Fortunately the path ot the tornado
is limited, nor does it move cou
tiutiouly, ahvajs, along the surfaco
of the earth m.til its force is spent; it
frequently bounds over immense areas
sometimes dissipating iu the upper
regions of the atmosphere, sometimes
striking the ground at rcmoto dis
tances from the locality iu which
it had its genesis of destruction
Nor do all the tornadoes which are
formed iu our latitude ever reach the
earth's stirfeni; I have watched many
of them at relatively high altitudes,
full of all the elements of destruction,
seething, hi-siu, boiling, with their
funnel-shaped appendages swaying
backward and forward eaircr for the
infringement of something of matter
tangible to whirl into ihaos rolling
onward with all the fury of hell over
the locality of my position th u sud
denly melt into cdmuess of au Octo
ber a tci noon, without ever grcoiiug
mother earth with their rude embrace.
This brings mc to the question:
"Are tornados more frequent thau
formerly ; and will they increase in vi
olence and number as the j ears roll
It muit be borne iu mind that in
taking the aflinnative of the argument
all my idea upon the subject are form
uluted upon n theory and a fact, which
theory has for its foundation another
th-'ory, which hoiil.1 it fail, of course
the second, or mj theory is no: tena
ble, oiny answers "re not put affirm
atively but iuttrrugaihtlj.
The fact U, as has b- ru stated previ
ous! , that the earth U a great mag
net hanging in space that is conceded
by tiie scientific world; but if the neb
u I ir hypothesis of the gei.ieis ot
wor!d- (this is tho first and b.i'ic the
ory of my theory,) bo true, then the
earth could not al wine have becu a
magnet; there must have been a time
r.lion it roiii.ucuced to become mag
netized? the same causes that permit
ted UiN, nre at nork now, and tho in
tently of iiiagufti-.ni iucrcard cou
stanilv, and i increasing now. Con
sequently magnetic storms must in
crorsc iu violence if not iu frequency. ,
in a corresponding ratio.
Ami ii is v. ell known that nothing
is so fatal to the development of mag- j
uctism as heat, therefore, if the earth
was at first a gaseous mass, then a
molten sphere, as the nebular hypoth
esis teaches, and that the earth gradu
ally cooled and is still cooliujr, then
there must hme been a period iu its
existence w hen it could not have becu
susceptible to the magnetic influences
of the sun. That it is now a magnet,
it is au undisputed fact, and if cool
lug will continue to iutcrrupt its sc
ccptivc power of that strange cosmic
force which i-. the causo of all our lo
cal perturb ition, in the category of
which aro included all our storms aud
If this be true, nmii generations
yet inut be born before the increased
tendency would bo felt, for it mutt
conic like the changes in the great ge
ologic period, so slowly, that a mil
lion years is but au hour iu the vast
era of time. II. Inman.
Has removed to the s-w cor. Douglas Ave. and Main St, in
the store formerly occupied by A HESS, and but
8 doors east of the old location.
"We hava the best lighted and most conveniently arranged
store in the city, and have ample room for the display of our
large stock which,
Quality and Quantity
Is Second to None.
We shall, during the coming Beason, inaugurate a series of
bfjuiAli SALhib, at wnicn time tne articles so advertised will
be eold at prices far below the cost of manufacture. The first
of these Special Sales will be a Grand.
arasol & Silk Sun Umbrelh
Sale. This is in keeping with the Season, and we advise an
early visit and inspection. They will be placed on sale
300 SILK SUN UMBRELLAS. 1824 INCHES, FOR $1 25
There are none in this lot worth less than $2 50, and some are
worth as high as $4 00.
100 Child' Parasols at 10c. One Lot do 25c, worth 50c.
1 Lot Ladies BL'K SATIN PAKAS0LS, 75c, worth $1 50
One Lot Bl'k Satin Parasols, trimmed with 4-inch
Spanish Lace, at $1 75, worth fully $3 50.
1 Lot Pekin stripes Parasols, with colored linings, at $2;
they cannot he duplicated under $4.
Parasols at $2 50, $3 and $4; worth fully double what we ask.
These Prices are for this special sale only.
A. i jL-Li.
W. c. Woooxas, Pmtdeat. W. 9. Woopmar. CmMct. WnxCWooDKur.AM'tCMhlcr.
First Arkansas Valley Bank,
(Th Oldett Money Institution la the Arkania Tallcy.)
No. 88 Main Street. - WICHITA, KANSAS.
Do a General Banking Business
IK AIX ITS HODEKK FUNCTIONS.
LOAN BOTH FOREIGN AND HOMB MONET IN ANT AMOUNT.
On all utUfhetoiy collateral SmI. Fmonal or Chattel and accomodate th.
Borrower with Una (torn on day to five yean.
SELL TICKETS BY THE FASTEST AND SAFEST LINES.
Of Steamer In the world, to or from all principal Xnropeaa porta.
Via North German loLor py Canard Line.
SOL. H. KOHX, Preatdent
A. W.OLIVXB. Vloe-Prealdeat.
C A. WALKXS. Aas't Caakier
WICHITA NATIONAL BANK,
OKGANIZXD Dt '872.
8. H. KOHK, A. W. OLIYXB, M. W. LKVT, 8. T. TDTTLE
N. J-. MEDEBLANDEK, W.U. TTJCKXE. JOHN DAVIDSON".
J. C. BUTAK.
Do a General Banking, Collecting & Brokerage Business.
hatltrn end Foreign Exchange bought and told.
U. S. Bond, of all denominations, bought and sold.
-tf Count v. Tovmxhiv and Municipal Bond ought
.O. Davtdsos, Pre. B. 8. Uatu, Kzamlner. H. W. Giumc, Vice-Pre, Nubia, N. 11
The Davidson Loan Co.
PAID-UP CAPITAL, $60,000.
Ifonej Always en Hand to Lsaa on Improved Farms and City Prcpwtr
Have Loaned More Money in Southern Kansas
than any company in the State.
OrriCK WITH CITIZENS BANK, Northwest I TKT! .I,!.. XTnn.
Corner Main Street and Donglaa ATenne. WlCIllu.t HallSaS.
JAS. L. LOUBABD Vlce-Pree't.
1.. D.SKINNKR, Cathler,
W II. LIVINGSTON, Au't Caller.
Kansas State Bank.
J. P. ALLEN,
GEO. E. SPALTON,
DI RE O T O IRS:
.TANKS lu LOMBARD,
II. C. DAY,
L. D. SKlNNKi:.
Receive DepoxiU, Malce Collections, Buy and Sell Exchange, and trans
act a General Banking Business.
COKEESPO W 3DE2SrT3 :
JOHN PATON A CO . 62 William. St.. N. Y. NATIONAL IIAKE OK AUEltluA, Chlcwro'
BLCAE8TONE NATIONAL BANK itoeton. LOMBARD BROS. Kn.& City.
J O. DAYW80X, rrtMtdenl.
JOUlt C. VlfBST. t'aeMe.
Largest Paid Up Capital of any Bank in the
State of Kansas.
Paid up Capital
O. R. MILLER,
S. I.. DAVIDSON,
A. W. BITTING, H. G. LEE,
W E. STANLEY, JNO. T. CAEPEKTFU
J. O, DAVIDSON.
North Lawrence Ave.
-Do a Genera! Banking Business
United States, County, Township and Municipal
Bonds Bought and Sold
Kansas National Bank
No. 30 MAIN STREET.
COMMERCIAL BANKING A SPECIALTY.
I have a short option on a
few pieces of Business Prop.
cheap, They are worth the
attention of capitalists,
also have exclusive sale
T.onut A'onev at Lowest Bates.
Buys and Sells Gov't and Municipal Bonds,
ssues Sight Drafts on all parts of Europe,
Pays Interest on Time Depotitj
Any AJEoont of
Lota on dMlrablit REAL CSTATE-lth.r FAKUS or CITY PKC'lim.
f Connecticut Rates of Interest. -&
SAM'L HOUCK, KOBT. E. LAWRENCE
To the Ell!ororthe Lazle.
TI113 is otic of the leading tonus ou
the Santa Fc roatl west of Wichita.
It has a growing population of more
than two thousand, ami one main
business htrect, Foreral blocks in
Icugth, built up almost colitUy with
handsome brick stores and offices.
The manufacturing iutere.ts are quite
extetiiye, consisting of one sugar fac
tory, ouc sorghum mill, two large
roller flouring mills ra one carrigo
and machine shop.
The Hoc): Isl.iart railroad has signi
lied a possibility of its crossing the
Santa Fe at this point, coming
here from ilcPhcrsou, aud the
people of Sterling hope by
a strong ctlort to be able to secure
this cry denrablc road. The com
pany completed a surrey to this place
last week, und the surveyor? are uow
working iu the direction of Grccns
nurg, Kiowa county.
In circulating among the merchants
of this city we found them cry favor
ably disposed toward? Wichita as a
wholesale point, and also ascertained
that ther were already purchasing a
larcc amount of roods from Wichita
wholesale house:. The Eaole has
also many fricnils here and iu reader
can now get their papers in the morn-
inr. the same dav it is Issued. This
will soon nve it the lead over all the
other dailr raucrsat this point.
The tollowius is the number of
secret societies, churches and busineas
houses located here: Masonic, Odd
Fellows; Knights of Honor, Knights
of Iythis, Grand Army ot the lle
publ'ic; 7 churches, 3 hardware store.
2 stationer- stores, 3 barber shop, 3
hotels, 8 lumber yards, 4 agricultural
implement dealers, 2 harness maker.
6 dry goods stores, 12 grocery boute,
4 watchmakers sad jewelers, 3 bank,
10 real estate and loan agenu, 3 ele
vators. 2 boot sad shoe stores, 3
tsjsjfMts, 3 bakers, 1 marble works.
HIGH -a- DRY -!!-
II. W. LEWIS. President
A. A. HYDE. Cashier.
BANK OF WICHITA
lots in College
which will double in vaiut
Before The Next 90 Days,
mm in I
Corner Douglas and Lawrence Avenue.
Paid up Capital,
Eor Suburban Homes,
W.P. ROBINSON, Preodent. J. H. 8LATER. Oaahier.
OLIVER DUCK, Vice President. W. L. DUCK, A set,.
W. P. Robinson, Oliver Dock P.W.Wilson.
James O. Fish, W. L. Dock.
O. D. Barnes, R. H. Roys, Finlay Ross, A. L. Honck. W. P. Robin
son, Oliver Duck, James O. Fish, F. W. Wilson,
W. L. Duck. J. H. Slater. H. M. Duck.
Residence Property at prices j
ranging from Five Hundred Dol
lars to Two Thousand.
Don't fail to examine my
Fourth National Bank. New York, St. Louis National Bank, St.
Louis, Mo., Bank of Kansas City. Kansas City. Mo.
General Banking Business. Respectfully 8olicit a Share of your
JOCELTN & THOMAS.
119 DOUGLAS AVENUE.
MONET TO LOAN
MORTGAGES & GUT PROPERTY
In Small or Large Amounts.
SHOET TXMX -A.T TT K XOW3ES7 StJkTSa.
WICHITA BANKING 00.,
and FARMERS BANKING CO.,
116 W. DOUGLAS AVENUE.
I will oiler a stock of gtapli
Goods on Douglas Avenue for a
few day. This is a rare chance
SNIVELY & WILHITE
REAL ESTATE, LOAN A INSURANCE FIRM
ww stair wmmtf sSwaSMr. tm t satlH CT
N. F, NIIRLWfl '
COM. DOCGLAM tad 1WPOL, ?
-s J -o: " .. ' t5Sfc't
'tJHiiv3friss.iftjc; A-isiT l"v
seu, awa iac suaaga story
. Jt?t&x.- -