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title: 'Daily press. (Newport News, Va.) 1896-current, February 16, 1898, Image 1',
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1 DiSDdlGtiCS. I
VOL III, NO. 38.
NEWPORT NEWS, V A., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 1898.
* CIRGUL ' ;c;'.
r> nTnU SINGLE COPY. TWO CENTS
I IVl^'?i ONE WEEK. TEN CENTS.
FIGURES DON'T LIE
Reasons Why This Should Be
the Port of Entry.
UNCLE SAM LOSES MONEY
Official Statement Shows That It Costs
More to Collect Customs at Norfolk
Thun It Doos Hero. Many Advan?
tages of This Harbor.
'When Hon. byman Gage, the Secre?
tary of l he Treasury, recommended
?that the ports of "Norfolk and Newport
News be consolidated with this harbor
as the port of entry, he was not "talk?
ing through his hat," as the .Norfolk
papers insinuated! Mr. Gage knew
what he was doing. He had been doing
a little liguring. and that is what has
hurt Norfolk, for that port does not
show up very well when compared to
Newport News in the amount of busi?
ness transacted. iSecretary Gage's rec?
ommendation may fail through for the
present, but the time is not far distant
when Newport News will be the port of
Newport News has many advanta?
ges over Norfolk. This harbor Is more
accessible. The largest ship afloat can
tie up at the .piers here without sticking
in the mud. But large vessels cannot
steam Into the Norfolk harbor with the
same ease. Take, for instance, the
American Liner St. Louis, which is now
at the shipyard. This vessel could not
with safety enter the channel leading
onto Norfolk. The same may be said of
many freighters which come here. It
'is a well known fact that the command?
er of the cruiser New York refused to
?take his ship to .Norfolk because of the
shallow harbor th-cre, and yet the larg?
est battleships come here and anchor
off the pjei-s. Hut what's the use of
making a comparison.- r.ven "tne Joi'iCa '
over in Ni.rf.dk know that Newjvort
News has the finer harbor and better
Questioned by a representative of the
Daily Press regarding Secretary Gage's
plan to consolidate the ports. Mayor -W.
A Post last night said:
??Yes. the Secretary of the Treasury
is certainly on the right track in rec?
ommending that Newport News be
made the port of entry for this district.
His recommendation may- not be car?
ried .nit at this session of Congress, but
it is only a question of time when the
people will demand a more economical
administration of the customs service,
and. houev.-r galling to the pride of
Norf.,Ik it may be. the justice of mak?
ing this city the port of entry will be
on :eded by ali.
"The reasons are perfectly apparent.
?Norfolk can never become a great com?
"Any ocean steamer going to -Norfolk
must traverse a narrow circuitous chan?
nel for a distance of ten miles?all the
way from Sewall's Point?and fur a
?distance of two and a quarter miles
this channel is only kept open by fre?
quent dredging. At this time our wor?
thy representative in 'Congress is try?
ing to secure an appropriation of $400,
000 to improve the channel to Norfolk.
"Now what are the facts as to the rel?
ative importance of Newport News and
?Norfolk as factors in the commerce of
?the nation ? Here are the figure.- taken
from the report of the supervising spe?
cial agent of the Treasury Department:
"In ISO" Newport News collected $20S,
"In 1S97 Norfolk collected $21.29:1.75.
""Each dollar collected by Newport
?News cost the government IS cents,
while each dollar collected by Norfolk
cost 54 8-10 cents. During the years 1S94
95-96 and '?7; the cost of collecting a dol?
lar at Newport News has varied be?
tween 111-2 cents and IS S-10 cents,
while at Norfolk the cost ranges be?
tween 431-10 ivnts. the lowest, and
$1.44 6-10. .When you take into consid?
eration what it costs to keep the harbor
open to good sized ocean steamers, is it
not quite an expensive port to main?
"Now please examine this government
chart and see what a clear, broad, deep
waterway there is to this city and ob?
serve the narrow little passage leading
to Norfolk, which, by comparing with
this scale, you! will see is ten niles
long. What shipmaster would prefer to
go to Norfolk?"
Opposition to the suggestion of See
rt tary Gage to consolidate certain cus?
toms districts, so far as it effects Vir?
ginia, will be vigorously pushed by the
Virginia . delegation in Congress. The
bill proposed affects the congressional
districts of dtepresentatives Young,
Rixey and Epes, and all three of these
members are opposed to the biill for -lo?
cal or other reasons, and in their oppo?
sition they will have the support of Sen?
ator Daniel and probably Senator Mar?
tin. It is said that other members of the
Virginia delegation may also join them
in their opposition to the measure.
It is stated that Chairman Dingley,
of the Ways and Means Committee, is
personally in favor of the plans of Sec?
retary Gage, and other iprominent mem?
bers of the House state that they will
insist upon the passage of the bill as it
stands, and will not accept any amend?
ments relieving ports of Virginia from1
It is anticipated that the bill will be
considered by the Ways and Aleans
Committee and promptly brought be?
fore the House for consideration and
will probably pass that body.
When the bill comes up Congressman
Young, according to his present inten?
tion, will offer an amendment to strike
out the consolidation of Cape Charles
and Norfolk with Newport News, or
else he will endeavor to have Norfolk
?made the port of entry, but it can he
slated that Secretary Gage has given
much attention and consideration to the
matter and if the bill becomes a law at
all it will go through as it stands, and
Newport News will be the port of entry
lor this district.
Their tiuilt Fully Proven.
After running for over a wetk, our
ibv.fld challenge remains unanswered.
They dan- not expose their wheels to a
competitive test, for they know that we
have the strongest and easi-is-t running
wheels on earth. Had you not Water
compare them? Look at ail the wheels
offered for ?ale in this city and then
come and lock at ours-. We will abid^
by your decision, as we know that, after
having seen the only '98 bicycle that has
really sorr.ething new on it. our auto?
matic coaster and 'brak-r (found only on
our wlv.els), you will have no other.
By the way. the people who don't like
Fred. G. Kipper are those who don't
Funny, isn't it?
Of cours-r, his competitors have emi?
nently good n.nsons for the bias of their
Have you ?
?If not, come and let's get acquainted.
IN'BWPORT MFJWS CYCLE CO.,
tAs managed by Fred. G. Kipper,
fe 12-tf 221 Twenty-seventh St.
The stepping stone in front of a sa?
loon leadls to success?for t?te owner.
WO KU OF THK UKANU JlKY.
Sflven Cases Disposed or at Oue Session
Yesterday's session of the Corpora?
tion Court was devoid to grand jury
cases, it being thJe day set for the hear?
ing of the cases sent up from the Police
The grand jury was in session al". day
ai;U disposed off every case pend
irjg, making returns in seven cases us
State vs. Karl Macberay, for rape; not j
a true IbtH.
State vs. 'Ernest 6e under, for felonious '
shooting; true bill.
State vs. Spot Cox .colored), for high?
way rdbbery; true bill.
State vs. William King (colored), for
highway robbery; irue bill'.
Stute vs. George Owens (colored), for
housebreaking; .rue bill.
State vs. Willie M'Oflfett (colored), for
houseH>reaking; true hi 1.
State vs. Alice Lo-kott (colored), fcr
malicious maiming; not a true bill.
State vs. George Boon atias "Greasy"
(colored), for malicijjs maiming; u<:t a
In the case of Alice Lcokett the gra.td
jury recommended that she be s;nt back
to the police jus-.i- e for irlf.l.
?Late yesterday afternoon the prison?
ers against whom true bills of indict?
ment weie found were brought into
court u'r.d had the dates f..?- thvir trials
The will of the late C. C. White was
admitted to record.
'No other business i..f importance was
SMALL POX IN WISE COUNTY.
Malady Said tu 1>? Raising In the Coal
An epidemic of small pox is rasing in
Wise county, this state.
From a private letter received by Dr.
J. W. Ayler. a practicing physician of
this city, yesterday it was learned by a
reporter for the tl>aily Press that small
pox was spreading rapidly in the min?
ing regions of Southwest Virginia. The
letter was dated at Virginia City. Wise
88*15'?ir?reJDr. Ayler formerly lived,
and" the writer staTe4- tbatjhere ] were
about seventy-five cases of SoTS" pSS
in that section. Other cases had been
reported at the Tarn's Creek coal mines. I
iCoeburn, St. Paul's, a small village, and
at Norton, the terminus of the Norfolk
and We.-tern railroad.
The dread malady. Dr. Ayler stated,
first broke out at Big Stone Gap about
ten days ago. and since that time it
had spread along the railroad to the
mining camps. Since the disease be?
came epidemic the passenger trains of
the Norfolk &-Western railroad did not
stop at any points between Virginia
City and Norton.
The epidemic is prevailing in the coal
fields, and unless precaution is taken
the disease may be transmitted to other
sections of the State.
The coal mined there is shipped direct
So far as is known there has been but
one death cau.-ed by small |wx in Wise
"For Fair Virginia."
There will be an entertainment of
more than' usu.il attractiveness and
merit at Johnson's Ofera House Friday
and Saturday nlghis. when those almi
ra'ble young actors. Mr. and Mas. Russ
Whytal, wid be seen in Mr. Whiynal's
successful drama. "For Fair Virginia."
This is one of the most highly praised
c,f recent plays and tells a rotmantlce
story of domestic life in Virginia during
the late war. It has a military Iwok
gtountl and atmosphere, but it is not
by any means a mit drama. Indeed.
.Mr. Whiytol appears in the light comedy
The 'Brook yn- Eagle, in speaking of
the play, said:
"The romantic scenes and ntrvcus
situations of yet another war drama
won instant and increasing favor in the
presentati'.r.i oc" "For Fair Virginia," at
the Amphion last night, the judgment
b.Lng rendered by on audience as large
as it was enthusiastic in its applause.
Mr. and Mrs. Wtoytal are excellent act?
ors whom it will ?>e a pleasure to sc-e
fien. Mrs. Whytal is a ?. om. diejir.e of
sympathetic termperament ord of a
touch whose art and certainty were
quite surprising. Imagine Mrs. Kcinda!',
twenty years younger, and the reader
will get a fair idea of Mrs. Whytal.''
The supporting company has be*rm
carefully selected a-nd a scenic outfit is
can.led. The 'piece is presented under
the direction of Mr. Julian Magnus, who
has been associated with ehe best attrac?
Cnftlng Scrape In Bloodfleld.
Two negro pianists had a row in
Abraham (Brown's saloon in Bloodfleld,
about i o'clock yesterday morning.
The negroes' names are Charley Ja
eox, who "claws" the ivory at Sam
Hall's saloon. >and Barley Willliams,
who does 'likewise in Brown's bar. The
two men met in the last named saloon.
One word brought on another until Wil?
liams ripped out a knife and slashed Ja
eox across the right arm, cutting an
ugly gash. Policemen C. J. Phillips
and John Williamson soon appeared on
the scene and took Williams int>o cus?
Yesterday morning Williams was tak?
en befoTe Justice James E. Ford, who
fined him $10 and ei>sts, and bound him
over to keep the peace.
In Quest of Her Husband.
airs. Jennie Carll, of Oamden. N. J..
arrived in the city yesterday In quest
of her husband, Richard Carll, whom
she says left borne several weeks ago.
taking $1,000 with him. The man was
located in Barton's saloon, on Twenty
third street, but he declined to see his
wife. Oarll was formerly a saloon
keeper in Camden.
In Honor of Their Guenta.
Captain and Urs. C. W. Adams last
night gave a reception at their resi?
dence on Twenty-seventh street in hon?
or of their guests, Misses Sue Smithers
and Lelia F. Lewis. Among those pres?
ent were 'Miss Mary Wilson and Miss
Daughtry, Messrs. J. T. iNlcholson, Z. T.
Jones, J! W. Moore, W. C Nickum.
Floyd A. Hudgins, Albert Daughtry,
and Mr. Wilson.
It takes a genius to bake a good icrack?
er. Any "eh-iap" baker can't do it.
There's a knock needed', which few pos?
sess. Fox's XXXN Square Wafer But?
ler Crackers ase the result of the very
liest Ingredients^ handled in. the most
skillful manner. That's why they are
"top 'o t'he heap." It.
A Happy Womnn
Is the housekeeper who buys her coal
ind wood from the Warwick Coal and
Wood Co., Twenty-eighth street. Ja 14 tf
For Rent?The Cent'ral Hotel, nlicely
furnished. Aipply to M. H. Lash, 2S0G
Washington avenue. feb 15-tf.
Wood delivered in anry part of the
:1ty for 90 cents .per load, cash. M. S.
Warren. 445 Twenty-ntatih street.
Phone 261S. fe8-2m.
CHECK WAS NO GOOD
' Swell" New Yorker Arrest?
ed on the St. Louis.
FROM THE HY6EIA TO JAIL
After a Week's .Splurge c. 11. Kutkrrford 1b
Charged With Obtaining Money Under
False Pretenses. Had No
Money iu the Hank.
IChief of Police S. J. Harwood and
Policeman Deistil, of Hampton, yester?
day afternoon arrested C. H. Ruther?
ford, on the American Line steamer St.
Louis. The arrest was made shortly
after 3 o'clock.
Two weeks ago a well dressed man
arrived at the Hygeia Hotel, at Old
IPoint Comfort, and registered as C. H.
IRutherford, of New York. He appeared
to be a man of means, and soon made
the acquaintance of prominent guests
at the hotel and the ofiicers at the gar?
rison. 'He became popu'lar, people be?
lieving him to be a member of one of
the Well known New York families.
Last Saturady Rutherford went to
'Mr. H. C Phoebus, the druggist, and
requested him to cash a check for $75
drawn of the Chemical National Rank,
of New York city. 'Mr. Phoebus, be?
lieving the man to be all right, handed
over the money. Something, however,
raised in his mind a doubt as to Ruth?
erford's responsibility, and he wired the
Chemical National Hank, asking if the
man had any account there.
He soon learned that IRutherford was
unknown to the bank, and without
further delay went to Hampton and
swore out a warrant before Justice
Richardson. A writ of arrest was
placed in the hands of Officer Diestil,
who came to Newport 'News, and with
Lhe aid of Chief Harwood soon discov?
ered that Rutherford was at the ship?
'Vpon going there ihe officers found
great oofflcu'lty _in_ lo_-ating their man.
but finally .learned ilvat he was on
board the steamship St. "Lo'iis. They
at once boarded the vessel, and after a
long search found Rutherford, who had
obtained permission to "'look around"
the interior of the big liner.
He was indignant when he was in?
formed that he was under arrest, and
said that the charge against him was
mere bosh and nonsense, and concluded
by offering to return Mr. Phoebus'
money. He was taken to Hampton,
however, and is now in the custody of
Sheriff Curtis. He is about forty years
IIELU A SHOUT SES ION.
Lit:ie Hushiess Transacted by the Common
Council Last Ni^ht.
The Common ''Council convened in
regular session last night, but very lit?
tle business was transacted. It was
?the shortest session ever held by this
body, lasting but fifteen minutes.
There were eight members present?
a bare quorum. As soon as the gavel
dropped the council* settled down to
A resolution was adopted authorizing
the sewerage commission to advertise
for bids for the new system which the
city proposes to put in this spring.
Another resolution was adopted in?
structing City Treasurer J. iM. Curtis to
return the certified check for $.0.000.
which the Newport News "Gas Com?
pany placed in his hands as a forfeit
if the terms of the franchise were not
The sum of $100 was appropriated for
the purpose of building a hose house
somewhere on Lafayette avenue, be?
tween Fortieth and Fiftieth streets for
the use of the North End Hose Corn
A resolution introduced by Sir.
J. A. Willett at the last meeting re?
leasing the city's claim on a loan of
$1.000. made to the Board of Sch.ml
Trustees, was adopted.
The council then adjourned.
WILL 1511? FOR THE BONUS.
Representative of New York Hauliers in
the City Yesterday.
'Mr. Lawrence L. Barnuim. repre?
senting E. D. Shepherd & Co.. bankers,
of iNew York, came here yesterday
morning for the purpose of obtaining
information in regard to the issuance of
bonds to be made shortly for public
iMr. Bainum was the guest of Mr. C.
Aylett Ashby yesterday, and sjj>erit
several hours in noting the wonderful
advantages offered by Newport News.
He visited all the points of interest and
expressed himself as being favorably im?
pressed with the city's prospects for be?
coming a great municipality.
Mr. Barn-urn returned to Old Point
last evening and will remain at the
Chamberlin for several days. He will
probably visit -Newport News again be?
fore returning to New York.
Skipped With the Change.
?Mrs. J. E. Godfrey, of No. 214 Forty
sixth street, lost a five dollar bill
ye.-terday through the crooked transac?
tion of an agent for a soap company
which is now operating in the city.
The manager of this company, which
sends agents from city to city,employ?
ed a man Monday night to peddle for
him and yesterday morningtheemployee
offered Mrs. Godfrey a quantity of soap
at a Cheap rate. She agreed to take
twenty-five cents' worth and gave the
man a five-dollar 'bill. He left -his
basket of soap on the door step while
he pretended to go to a near-by store
Failing to receive her change, Mrs.
Godfrey notified the police, but the man
has not been apprehended.
The following cases were disposed of
in the Police Court yesterday by Jus?
Lucy tWi'liams (colored), petty lar?
ceny; fined $50 and cost and sentenced
to six months In jail. This is the wo?
man who robbed tMrs. Frank Ashworth
of about $50 worth of clothing on (Mon?
Frank Sprague, drunk; fined $2 and
William Burns, drunk; fined $2 and
Willie Gatewood, drunk; fined $2 and
John Thomas (colored), fined $6 and
Nach Davis (colored), disorderly; fin?
ed $3 and costs; remitted.
A stray ox cam'- to my h-c.use on Sat?
urday morning, February 12th, tagged
to S. W. Edwards, Newport News. Va.,
and is Crom J. W. Holow-ay, Smith-field,
Va. The owner wil: can and get him at
once. T. J. Tyler, at the extr.me end
of Chestnut avenue, on the road to
CITY MEWS IN BRIEF.
(.Miss Sallle Clark has returned from a
visit to Baltimore.
Mr. George T. 'Neims is confined to
his home with illness.
iMiss Eliie Trollinger is visiting Miss
Agnes C hamberlin on Grace str*et,
IMiss (Marian Fisher, of Toronto. Can?
ada. ,s the guest oflMrs. Joseph Charles,
on fwenty-s-ixth street.
Mr. "Gene H. Williams, advance agen?
for Augustinus "A Night Off company
was in tire city yesterday.
Mrs. iC. C. Green and Miss ?Mary I
Green, of New York, are now at the
Gloucester on West avenue.
Justice James iE,'iFord. who has been
confined to his room by an attack of
the grip, was able to be on the streets
Mrs. Douglass Et. Gordon, of Balti?
more, is the guest of her parents, Mr.
and .Mrs. J. B. Clark, on Twenty-sev?
enth street. ?
Miss Helen Dickinson, who has been
visiting her sister;.Mrs. Charles Putzol
returned to 'her hoffte in Netto way coun?
The basket party which the members
or .Mary Washington Council, No. S
Daughters of Liberty, proposed to give
Friday night,has been Indefinitely DOst
iPolice Justice J, D. G. Brown return?
ed yesterday from Clayton, NT J
where he went several davs ago to ac?
company Mrs. Brown and their boy,
who will remain for a month or more
as the guests of relatives.
General Superintendent <?. E. Doyle,
of the 'Chesaih-ake and Ohio railroad,
arrived in the city yesterday morning
on hi.- private car and spent the day at
the piers and on the yard. He was ac?
companied by Mrs'.-Doyle.
Mrs. Sadie Garnett, of Portsmouth,
who has been visiting relatives in East
End, has returned home. She was ac?
companied by her'sister, Miss Florence
Smith, who will .'spend two weeks in
Dr. W. R. Aslr.burn, of the Hospital i
Corps, United States Army, who has
been stationed at Fort Wadsworth,
Staten Island, passed through the city
yesterday en route to Fortress Mon?
roe, to which post 'he has been trans- i
(erred. He has been visiting friends in
Suffolk for the past few days.
ASSALI.TEU WITH A SHOVEL
Sailor Brutally Beaten by a Fellow Seam
on a AJchoontrz.
Anthony Nelson, a seaman on the]
schooner Aloha, was brutally assaulted |
by Joseph Darten, the boatswain, yes?
terday afternoon. Both men were ar?
The Aloha. 'Captain Skoifield, was
lying alongside pier No. 2 iloading a
cargo of steam coal for Key West, Fla.
The two sailors,,it seems, had a quar- ,
rel, during which 'Darten grabbed ;
shovel and beat 'Nelson over the heai
until the man was rendered insensible
Then Captain Sk-oEfield came ashore and
?wore out a warrant for Nelson's arrest.
Patrolman Mallory executed the war?
rant. ''When he found Nelson had been
brutally assaulted Officer IMiaillory want?
ed to kno w why a warrant had not |
been sworn out for the boatswain, .but !
the captain of the schooner said he had j
no comipiaint to- make -against Darten. j
However, the Uten who witnessed th?
fight from theeoal pier made complaint, j
Officer Mallory took Nelson to jail and j
then returned for Darten. He was ac?
companied by Officer Gray. The police?
men searched the vessel but could not j
locate the boatswain. Sergeant J. W.
Reynolds was sent for. He was told
that the captain was concealing Darten
and would not aid the policemen in
their search. Then the sergeant threat?
ened to arrest Captain Skoifield. This
brought the master of the schooner to
his senses. He said he was not shield?
ing the boatswain, but claimed that he
did not know where he was. A sailor
from another vessel came aboard at this
time and offered to pilot 'the officers
through the ship. They followed him
down the hatch to the forward chain
box. There Darten was couched. He
was placed under arrest and taken tfl
the city jail.
Darten was recognized as a sailor |
who mutinied on a schooner here sev?
eral years ago. When the officers wen I
to arrest him he jumped overboard with
a-pipe in his mouth and swam under
pier No. 2. For two hours the police?
men searched for him. finally taking
him into custody at the point of a re?
Nelson's wounds were dressed by Dr.
W. F. Creasy, the city physician. The
case will come up in the (Police Court
this nrorning if Nelson is able to a
KI.KS TO ENTERTAIN.
Ladies'Social to Be Given at the Opera
House Monday Night.
Newport News Lodge. No. 315, B. P.
O. .Elks, wild give a ladies' social at the
opera house Monday night. This enter?
tainment will be an innovation in New?
port News, as no other function of the i
kind has been given before by the loc
lodge of Elks. An attractive progra
is being arranged, and the affair will
be a success in every respect. The Sol?
diers' Home orchestra will be in attend?
ance, and there will be vocal music,
recitations, etc., by Newport News and
Wind Storm Last Night.
A fierce wind storm swept over this
city last night and did not subside until
a late hour this morning. The gale
started about 6 o'clock and was accom?
panied by rain. Two hours later the
gale had attained a velocity of about
fifty miles an hour.
Owing to the storm the leased wire in
the Daily Press office was grounded
?about 12:".0 o'clock this morning, and
hence the complete Associated Press re?
port was not received.
Lecture on Japan.
About 200 heard Mr. Yeataro Okano,
of Japan, deliver an address on his na?
tive land at the Presbyterian churcb
lawst night. 'Mr. Okano divided his
lecture into two parts. The first part
told of the flowery kingdom as it is to?
day, and in the second part the war be?
tween that country and China, was viv?
idly described. The stereoptican views
with which the lecture was .illustrated
added greatly to the interest.
?Mr. Okano wilil repeat the lecture on
next Friday night ai 7:30 o'eloek, at the
Deposit your clothes money with ub
It will pay you good interest.
WOODWARD & WOMBLE.
Cascarets stimulate liver.ki-ineys and
bowels. Never sicken, weaken or gripe.
Drop in the basement of the Citizens
ond Marine Bank; you will have no
trouble in finding the seller. Houses and
lots in all sections of the city. Powell
] Bros. & King. feb 2-tf.
Cascarets stimulate liver,kidneys and
bowels. Never sicken, weaken or gripe.
The political machine can only be
jBtarted by dropping dollars in Uhe slot.
Three Parties Combine on the
ADDRESS TO DEMOCRATS
Chairman Joiteit Denounce*, the Pulley of
Secretary <;nge "to Commit tile
Country More Thoroughly to
Hi.- ISold Standard "
WASHINGTON, Feb. 15.?The ad?
dresses on behalf of the Democratic,
Popuiistic and silver-Republican ivartles,
which are the results of the conference,*
which have been iu progress among the
leaders of these parlies at the capital
for the past few weeks, were issued to?
day. They seek to unite the .members
of the three parties in future elections
upon the financial issue as the question
of paramount importance, and are sep?
arate appeals to each of the parties to
consolidate all along the lines for this
purpose. The address to Democrats Is
signed by Senator James K. Jones, of
Arkansas, chairman of the Democratic
National Committee, and is endorsed by
the Democratic Congressional commit?
tee: that to the Populists by Senator
-Marion F. Butler, chairman of the Pop?
ulist National Committee, and twenty
tive other Populist members of the Sen?
ate and House, and that to the silver
Republicans by Chairman Towne, and
the silver Republicans in the Senate
and House, and also by ex-Senator Du
The Deunocratic address is ;is follows:
"To the people:- The surrender of the
Republican party to the advocates of
the gold standard and monopoly is at
last complete. The present administra?
tion, called to power upon the solemn
pledge of the iRepubliean national con?
vention, at St. Louis, to promote 'bi?
metallism, has formulated and sent to
C' agrees a bill, the leading puctpose of
which, the honorable secretary of the
treasury avows, is "to cctmmit the
country more thoroughly to the gold
The country has already, for 24 years,
been so thoroughly committed to Ibis
staT.lard. partly by law and partly by
tti-. usu- >i*vM4>ns of the executive branch
of the g' vernmtM, that its effects are
seen and felt on everj hand: wages are
reliucecl; work is halder in eet; the
weight of debt is doubled: the vaJi*> ,>?
land and other property is reduced on*--:
half or more, uretii the lives of the peo?
ple are "invade bitter with hard bond?
It is certainly not in the interest of
huimainiity to have this c snd'itlon of
things more thoroughly established.
The continued rise in the value of
gold or. Which is the same thing, the
continued fall of prices, must inevita?
bly transfer th-; pr*>i>erty of ad those en?
gaged in active business, the actual cre?
ators of wealth, whether by hanlk brain
or capital, to those who, avoiding the
risk and efforts of active business, only
The increase of 145 per cent, in the
value of money, caused by its increasing
scarcity, from 1809 to 1849. as admitted
by leading advocates of live gold stand?
ard, found expression at that time in
extremely low prices and conditions
of unpar?/leled depression. The discov?
ery .if gold and silver in extraordinary
quantities, and the great increase in th,
volume - f metallic money resulting
therefrom, relieved' this distress and
'brought in its st- ud wonderful prosper?
ity. Prices rose, business nourished,
producers prospered, ail were happy.
?Suihstantialiy this condition would have
continueiii if both the precious metals
had 'been allowed to remain in use as
money, because they were being Pound
in nearly stiff! ionf quantities to in?
crease the volume of money in propor?
tion to the development of business. A
wickel conspiracy* however, deprived
one .?f them of the money function.
This was d' .ne with the deliberate pur?
pose o:" raising the vaiue of the other In
rendering the sup-ply of metallic money
relatively siareer as compared with the
demand. From the hour of the consum?
mation of this crime mankind hus suf?
fered eomlmerciaJ disaster anil" social d's
tress in almost constantly Increasing
measure. Just in proportion to the
growth of aits and civilization rfnd th-;
expansion of commerce, business and
industry, the Inadequacy of the volume
of gold is f It. its scarcity is empha?
sized, its value increased.
The repression > S life and happiness,
which is inseparable from a long course
"f declining pri.es. has now checked de
vet pme.nts and. if eontlnue?l will ulti?
mately still civilization. As an emi?
nent American, President Andrews, of
Brown University, some yea:s ago.
"Our national debt on September 1.
1865, was two and three-quarter billions:
it could then have been (aid off with
eighteen million bales of cotton, or
twenty-live million tl as of bar iron.
When, it had 'been reduced lo a billion
and a quarter, thirty million- bales of
cotton, or thirty-two million tons of
iron would have been required to pay
it. In other words, while a nominal
shrinkage of nlbout 55 per cent, hall
taken piace in the debt, it had. as meas?
ured in either of these- two world staples
lOtuaMy been, enlarged by some 50 per
Although more thnn half the principle
of this enormous debt and every cent, o;
accumulated interest had been paid by
th. lab. r of the United States, the hold?
ers of the -Vmds still hold a cla.m for |
more o'f the labor of the people tntr,
they held liefore these enormous p..y
m!en.ts had been even begun. This crue
confiscation of the lives anil liberty of
:-he laboring millions of this country i^
the most stupendous crime that has
'been oomitni t ted in the annais of civili?
zation. I'n.ess a government "of :hi
people, Ivy the people and for -.tic people"
has perished from the earth, surely th.
present boldly avowed scheme, rot only
to continue, 'but to in- r-nse these evils,
will notlbe permitted. In additlxi t> tnis
purpose of more thoroughly establish?
ing the go id standard, the p'lan of th*
adimi'n.istiration is to retire tha p.ip-r
roney of the government, to issue gold
bonds, and to increase the power, priv?
ileges ar.tii profits of national banks.
The retirement of the government pa.
tier -m- ney must reduce the volume ol
circulatl und while the se-?t,t:y ad?
mits that the contraction of the curren?
cy ?would be mor. ruinous in wo years
rban interest on a like amount of bonds
for forty years, would be, he calmly In.
forms us that the national banks wi 1
probably issue a sufficient ntmo-unt of
money to prevent this tnormous suffer
The national banks are not to be le
qui:ej to redeem their notes In gold, but
it is arranged that the United State
government shall do so on demand, and
aifter having done so the government
? rust 'lie content to httve the national
banks rermlburse it In "any kiniho.' legal
tender money, at the option of the
We are frankly told that the lawfu'
money will be made "relatively scarcer
than it is now" and that it Is intended
that under the operation of the hill it
will be "easier to g-;t gold than ".awful
money." Particularly all of the money
in the hands <if the people now, as the
secretary distinctly admits. Is sllv.r. j
hletly In the form of silver certificates.
The- avowed purpose of "ho hill Is to
make it her-after more difficult to set
thes-e than gold.
"The unonet?ry commission" selects i
by the executive coiromittee of a selt
constitutem Indianapolis convention,
?which assembled for the express pur?
pose of establishing the gold stands rd,
'have also made a report and promul?
gated a hill, the provisions of winch are
so strikingly like the propositions of the
secretary' of the treasuiy, in all material
particulars, as to susr-test that they
were compared and harmonized before
either was given to the public. This re?
port and bill Ute somewhat mote hold in
the assertion of purposes entertained
than is even the proposition <rf Mr.
Gage. Theae distinctly p-n ivose that sil?
ver dollars shall not hereafter he coin
fctiU that standatd silver dollars shall be
redeemed In gold: that ihr silver bullion
on hand at present shall be sold, and
suggest that silver dollars may a!so be
unelted down and ssld as bullion We
art- assured that the notes of the banks
"cunr.ot fail to- be safe" "because being
bused upon all the resources ?I all the
banks Issuing them, they are based
uixm the whole business of the coun?
Certainly no bank will become liable
for the nous Issued' by another bank
over which it has n-o control or super?
vision.; hence this scheme must contem?
plate the establishment of some cen
terul bank authority, having the abso?
lute control cif the issue of all paper
monvy?-a great bank trust, pool, or
syndicate, with powers such us no man
has ever before hud the audacity to
suggest. This committee has called
upon eommer iai bodies all over the
country bo assemble and endorse their
report. Thus, the people are P-ut up n
full notice of what is intended, und of
the means of its accomplishment.
Considering all this, is it uny wonder
that the "Spectator," one of the Great
Er.glsh Newspapers, should say as it
did seme mr. nths since:
"Being audacious bey. nil' uny oil
world experience the great capitalists
oit America haw. determined to capture
free opinion and to prevent criticism-.
They subsidize pulpits, they buy the
press, they seat tih-rlr well paid attor?
neys in the United Ptates ?enute and
at length they stretch th-ir hands over
the colleges, which it Is easy to cap?
ture 'by examples of generosity. Thus
their design is t>> prevent any effec?
tive action which shall in any way
iweakevii their authority or undermine
their position. Their object cannot be
mere wealth making, for they already
-Ti.K-v wealth1 beyond the l.treams of
o/varie* npasxntly their intention Is
first to conv*.. lhe. Unted -States into a
powerful oligarchy-?her iar,us. It
is rese rved for the "free to ^jg.
miss from academic services tr--^ amj
< imiK'tent teachers at the bidding r^
rings if millionaires who will not heat
one single e-riticism or questioning of
the justice or necessity of their doings,
or of the character and tendency of the
trusts they have built up with the aid
.tnd at the expense of the public. The
divine right of kings is fco. be suceeedt:-d
by the divine right ^.f millionaires, who
-ire to run everything. Including ths
Americun ?Senate and the coniscience and
intellect of university professors!' It is
aotiv- of our duty to say how the Amer?
ican people shall deal with the porter.
us growth of that money power which
overshadows the Institutions of the ??
pulblic. Hut we think that the rich nv. n
of America are revealing such a deadly
i 1- t against all Kt.nuine .public freedom
thnt unless we are mistaken, the open?
ing years ..f the new century will wit?
ness an outburst in the west which will
amaze the civilized world."
In view of the great principles in?
volved and of the dangers el se at hand,
we urge the people everywhere to
arcro.se th-mselves, and at \ tnce to take
steps to save themselves and their chil?
d-ten ['torn the fetters now being openly
forged to bind them. In re enf years
there have boon a number of instances
..f congressional districts where the ad?
vocates of gold and monopoly were
largely outnumbered by their opponents
ind where, nevertheless, by a failure to
unite and act together, friends of the
gol?' Standard hove been successful.
Thus, us the result of a personal or par?
tisan wrangle, the cause of truth and
justice has been overshadowed, the in?
terests of humanity Ignored and the
greatest good to the government subor?
dinated iio-an ignoble strife. If we are
in earnest wel must have harmony
amongst ourselves. If there shouid be
I those who would divide us. let them !>..
summarily and emphatitally rebuked
by the people, who have none but high
ind patriotic motives.
After the bold declaration of the ad?
ministration in favor of the geld stand?
ard no sin> ere bimetalist can ever
again, by his vote or influence, give aid
or encouragement to the Republican
The Issue is join-d; we cannot avoid
it If we wc-uld. Either the trienUs of
bimeta.isim or the advc ates of the gold
standard, trusts and monopolies must
succeed. Who is mit for us is against
us.. We are asking no mun to abandon
his party or change his pojltices: we
ask no one to yield any principle; "out in
this great contest we do appeal to all
stogU: men to stand solidly together for
liberty and humanity, ar.li> strike down
forever this conspiracy of gold und mo?
(Signed) JAMES K. JONES.
Chairman Toem. Nat. Com.
The Populist address is as follows:
The conspiracy of gold ami monopoly
is nva:ing its culmination. "Every ad?
vance it has made during the last tiwen
ty-'flve ytUrs has been by adroit and
stealthy process. These would- have
lieen Impossible if it had not had its
agents ar.lii confederates holding posi?
tions of public trust In the legislative.
?xecutlve and judicial bran- hes of the
government. Neither the beneficiaries
nor the tools of this conspiracy have any
particular politics. In name the last ad?
ministration was DeJ.TOcratic. The pres
-nt administration is called iFUerubliean,
but it has ingloriously pmeth-od and re
nudiatei.il the pletidious policies of i:spre
At length the selfish and brutal in?
terests behind this conspiracy lie-.mi
themselves strong enough to dispense
with the caution and UMplfcity hitherto
necessary to their success. The admin?
istration b.ddly avows Its endorsement
of their scheme against the liberty ami
prosperity of the pei pie. Within a few
weeks it has formulated and sent to
Congress a 'bill, the leading purpose of
which is. in the w.o.Is of th.- secretary |
if the treusury, "to commit the country
more th- roughly to th gold standard."
This i- untry has, during the past
twenty-four years, suffered enough of
the blighting effects of the gold stand
art.il so far as fraudulent legislation and
legislative usurpation have t>een ulble to
establish it. It is now boldly proposed
to l-.galize what has been done in defi?
ance of law and to use the power se?
cured by fa.se pretenses from a long
suffering and too trustful people, to put
upon this infamous design the stump of
j alleged popular authorization.
(Continued on Fourth Page.)
Proceedings of the Senate
Incorporate the Atlantic and West
Kstlway Company. Employers'
l.luMlity Kill ItiMcusseit In
All Iis Aspects.
?(Special to the Daily Press.)
KJCHilONlD. VA . Feb. lS.-^After tb?: V
opening business of the House today,
which ln<Jludv-.d the passage at 'several
lootu and private bilis, the House again '
tackled the special order, the two re- j
trenehiment hills, tone regulating andfl
ing jailors' <Te?s and the other fisting ihe?^
salaries of the cloiks of the tSehatte and
House, ft was a thrashing over of old- ?
straw, bothi measures having been. eat*i*Si
haustlv-.y and! exhaustingly debated^
but this did not prevent the expendi-* '
ture of much lung power by botb fcb?--i'
advocates anj opponents of the meas-4-??
uivs. both- t,f which had received a ma
Jority tit the votes present, tut not a
a ujoriiy of the memliership of this -?'??
House ,i? constitutionally required. ?
Moth b/ils were finally passed, the vote '
on that fixing salaries of clerks of the
Senate and House by a vote k>f 54 to 39,
an aft!:native vote of 61 being required-.
The- ,;? enter part of the day In the
Senate was consumed in the considera?
tion of the employers' liability bill,
which is Hieing exhaustively debated In
nil its legal and economic aspects. Few
bills this session have received so mucfh
attention from that body, which Is con- *.*'?'
cede.lly the ml re careful anil conserva. vj
tlve of the- t wo- branches. The iabor or
mtnizat! ns and the public generally are_^a
behind the bill; but the railway rineisV"" ?
at which it Is' especially aimed and
whl- ht will 1> Hab e to heovy ext'eftdi-.\r
ture under the operation of the pro- -:,
posed law, oppose the measure.
Little or no other business was done
in that body ttodayt
lASnomjf the new bills introduced in the
Hi use today were:
By Mr. Saunders: Tw. incorporate th4
Xtlantie & Western Railway. The cosnt.
ra.ny Itesires to tu 114: a railway from ~
Rocky Mount westward through Frank-..'-."?,
iln and Fioyd counties ami thence to a-"".
'oint "5 the Tennessee or Kentucky
lin--. Ueginning at Franklin Junction
the road muy run eastwardly to somite
point on the Atlantic & Danville RalL- ,i"
?'? ad, ard may aequiTe in the usual way
--ight of way, etc. Stock may be Issued
to an amount not exceeding $16,000.000:
All the powers and privileges usually
granted railroads are given. The bill
appears to be a movement, of which the
Atlantic & Dainviile Railroad is behind,
-J; secure a through line west and to tap
"S, c'vA fle??s of Sou thiwest Virginia. ...
virgind'^iS^S:^' To ln-.-orpc.rate the
'5 M,?lBn,lng Company. This
s the seine bill ititi.-'^! ,_
ate by Mr. Flood and ,!r.J?ted iT'Ys?;
"resumed that the opposition has befen --,.,
withdrawn and that the bill may-new i
By Mr. Parker: Joint resolut'onipro- .vf
*.i sir.g a.rrierdiments to t-he constitution,
?'eotl-.r.s 1. 2. 3. 5. 9. 10, 11. 12 13. 14 and
?J2 of ortitie 6 and providing for the pub
'ilsh'ing sail amenlilments and certifying
oe same to'the next Oeneral Assembly.
This Is the same resolution Introduced
in the S n.ate proposing a reorganization,
of the State judiciary system and the
-it: e-r.vssion of the county and circuit
?otirts by district courts.
By Mr. James Mann: As bo warrant
'n a c-ntract of such nature that an
ict!or of as--umpslt wou'd lie on same.
By Mr. IN>.= wberne: To provide for five
-- hool trustees of each district of Nor?
By Mr. Wood: T> incorp'.nvte the Old
Dominion Miring, Chemical and Electri?
Intelligence was received in this city
'oday a'. Ibe death in Washington, D. C.
if Mrs. Mary Wise Oarnett. I'Mughter
f the late Oeneral nrn-l ex-Governor
Hem y A. Wise and wife of the late Dr.
TarnetI. a surgeon in the Confederate
VavvJ Deceased was a sister of (Htons.
lohn S. Wise, if New York, ard R. A.
Wtee. of Virginia. She was raised near
Oniy, In Aceotrac county. <75
FORMST FfRES RAOFStO.
Streets of Wilmington. N. C. Filled
With Smoke and Dust.
(By Telegraph.) a
Vv'IUMlNOTO-N. N. C. Feb. 15.-iPoT
?st fires are raging in this section and
?ho stree-ts here are now filled with
dense smoke. This, supplemented with
clouds of blinding dust, makes life out?
side houses almost unbearable.
The local weather bureau reports
wind velocity forty-eight rnile3 per
hour at 10 P. IM. This is the heaviest
wind that has been experienced here
Tor over a year.
So far as is learned there is no dam?
me to the shipping in port. Storm
warning messages have been liberally
listributed, and the -harbor is weld pro?
At 11:30 P. iM., the wind has fallen
A telegram from Fayetteville states :
hat fires broke out there at 8 O'clock
n the Cumberland Cooperage 'Works,
??mailing a loss of over J2.000. It was
gotten under control by 9:30 o'clock.
ZOLA :MAY BE ACQUITTED.
PARIS. Feb. 15.?The crowd at the
Zola trial was not so large today as for
the past few days. "While some of those
who are most bitter against the novelist
are discussing the probable sentence,
i majority of those who are taking an
active interest in the case now predict
that Zola will be acquitted. There has
been a marked change In the disposition
of the court towards the defendant.
It Is not at all likely that the trial will
be finished before Saturday.
The court today refused to grant the
request of Zola's counsel that the ex?
perts who testified in the Esterhazy i
?ourt martial be called to testify in the
LORD NORVELL CUILTT.
LONDON, Feb. 15.?In the Central
Criminal Court today Lord "William
Norvetl, fourth son of the .Marquis of
Abergavenny, was placed on trial. Ho
s charged with fraud in connection with
?.he suit of -Money Lender Sam Lewia
against Lieutenant Spencer Clay, of the
Life Ouards. to recover 11.000 due on
two promissory notes cashed. The pris?
oner pleaded guilty of fraud, but not
[ guilty of forgery. He ?-u sentenced to
five years penal servitude.
Don't grope- in the dark. Take the
bandage of preconceived prejudice from
your eyes. Let your palate tell yoa
what is good rather than your grocer.
I Taste Fox's XXXX .Square W?lfer But?
ter Crackers and be your own judge.
Just try a 10c. box of C as care U. th?
nn??t liver and bowel regulator aver