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Daily press. (Newport News, Va.) 1896-current, March 24, 1898, Image 7

Image and text provided by Library of Virginia; Richmond, VA

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045830/1898-03-24/ed-1/seq-7/

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THE SEAPORT OF THE SOUTH
News Forging Ahead of Other
Atlantic Coast Cities.
New York and Philadelphia Jealous of Our Im?
mense ! orcign Trade. A Few
Facts and Figures
Newport Nenv, "Tihe Golden Gate o^
the A-t'lantie," as it is imost appropri?
ately- termed, today commands rank
among the foremost of America's com?
mercial cities, where fifteen years ago
it was -practically an unknown quantity
As an export point it Is rapld'ly forging
tc u.e rrnnt and now gives promise of
one day claiming the distinction to
which it is rigl.U'ly entitled by reason of
its naturally advantageous s cuation.
iU? connection with the great producing
region of the -west, its magnificent wa?
ter front and hai1>or capable o-f Hoat.ng
the very largest vessels at any stage
Ol the tide an-" its unrivailed facilities
for exporting me -products of this great
American nation?the distinction of b.?
ing fhe greatest seaport city on the At?
lantic coast of the United States.
It may seem like exaggeration to
ctata so much for a city c? 16,500 in?
habitants, with as yet only one railroad
and but a half-mile of shipping inter?
ests along the -water front, but the re?
cord of the past and present is the cri?
terion for the success of the future and
Newport News will one day assume the
important conrmerteial role for which it
has toeen especially fitted by nature.
Already the great export points on
the -Atlantic coast (have felt the effect
of the progressive growth of the enter?
prising Virginia port. New York has
discovered that her foreign trade is
failing off. At first. Philadelphia and
'Baltimore flattered themselves that
they were eating up part of New York's
business, but it was soon evident that
even these cities were not receiving
their share of the perpetual increase of
business 'Which mark? the progress at
fhe American nation. The influential
trade bodies of these large cities com?
mented to realize that considerable ex?
port business was taking a course here?
tofore unknown to the commercial map
and they commented to look around .for
its new destination. It Is needless to
state that they found it in Newport
News. In a short while -the newspapers
of these cities took up the matter and
from them continually come complaints
that what is their loss is, to a Large ex?
tent, the gain of the "Golden Gate of
the Atlantic" and the "Liverpool of
Virginia."
These assertions would count for
naught without fhe facts and figures
necessary to positive assurance. The
Daily Preets, after carefully searching
the records of the port for nearly fif?
teen years, is in possession of the great
mass of facts and figures which speak
with conviction and it is with just prfd'?
that it presents to the thousands of
guests of the city on this memorable
day the history of the port of Newport
News.
The business of the port can be di?
vided into three classes:
Kxports.
Imports.
Coal shipments.
of these three branches the export
tride is the greatest and 'by far the
most important. The -pride of Newport
News, of coun-:e, is its mammoth ship?
yard, many columns of interesting mat?
ter devoted to which are to be found
el.-vwhere. The city also takes almos:
an equal pride in the prosperous Ches
aipe-ake & Ohio railroad, which has its
terminal point at this port. The history
and -business of the rOa'd will aiso -be
found eise-where in full. To the Che-sa
peaKe & Ohio railroad, however, the
port owei? its magnificent record in the
exportation -of American products and
manufactures to the shores of the
many foreign nations -where they bring
good prices and are in constant de?
mand.
The first cargVi of exports from -New?
port Ntws was shipped by George M.
Donaldson & CO. A>pril 2. 1SS3. to Eng?
land on the British steamship Paxo.
Captain R. Olasper. When the record
iff this shipment was ma'd-e on the cus?
tom house books little was it dreamed
by those m charge that this cargo was
to be the corner stone, so to speak, of
an immense commercial structure.
The regular customs business for the
tiny port practically commenced with
uly 1, 1883. which marked the opening
of the first fli?cal year.
It will be interesting to note the ex?
pert business for the first year in the
pirt's history, ending with June 30,
18S4. It is given beibw just as it ap?
pears on the custom house books:
Month. Value.
18X3. July . $384.017.91
August . 187,242.52
?? September . 127,771.17
October . 351.233.64
'November . 431,545.40
" December . 319,593.03
1S94. January . 546,460.So
February . 345,241.61
March . 131.15?.S3
A..pri'l .? ?? 64,582.50
May . 65.374.47
" June . 809,620.18
Total for twelve months, $3,763,786.79
The remarkable growth olf the port
cannot 'be better Wlliustrated than by
placing with the above table the grati?
fying statement of exports for the 12
months of the year 1897.
The figures for the fourteenth year
(1897), aifter a record of prosperity
which cannot be eclipsed by any sea?
port city over whos? custom house flies
the Stars and Stripes, are given by
months as follows:
?Month. Value.
January . $2,409,494
"February . 2.043,181
Marth . 3,910,977
Anrit . 1,338.306
May ..". 2.104.201
j.?ne . 1,508,647
j?y . ?4,oi2
August. 1.801.145
oc?^""..::::::::::::::::::::: I?
Total . $25,674.952
This magnificent total was an in?
crease of more than $7,000,000 over that
for the preceding year. And 11 will not
be out of place to add that the export
valuation for 1897 w&; greater by nearly
$10 000,000 then the port of Norfolk s to?
tal' for the same year. Five years ago
?Newport News was behind Nonfolk.
Today the tables are reversed and at
the present rate there will be other
leading ports left behind before (New?
port News is many years aider.
Below will be found a table of export
figures which tell the story of the vast
amount of foreign business done at the
port from 1884 to 1898:
NEWPORT -NEWS.
IAR. EXTORTS. iHFOKTS. DUTY.
1884.1$ 3,679.060
1885 ..
1886 ..
1887 ..
1888 ..
1889 ..
1890 ..
1891 ..
1892 ..
1893 ..
1894 ..
1895 ..
1S96 ..
1897,..
3,131,689
3.684,355
7,452,017.
8.992,6751
6,890,254
6,958.369
10.961,744
14.144,?i7
8,113.714
1.4,340,827
13,469,541'
14,850,117
22,392,217
! 61,6831
151,227
81,028
249,162
450,432
42,980
54,180
69,010
190.114
30,537,
328,3941
1,032,849'
1,131,628
1,169,316
$ 11,867
8,785
8.785
53,771
172,374
6.76S
8,205
24
37.668
10,99-5
96.258
235,667
194.115
185,265
I 'In this table, in addition
ports, are also given title figure.-; for im
| parti? ami those representing duties col
I lec-ted a't the custom 'house for the
^same period. The import business and
the work of the custom house will be
dealt with in full hereafter.
Newport News is able to make this
splendid export showing by reason of
the unequalled facilities offered by the
Ches-a'peake & Ohio railroad for the
transportation of all articles in demand
on the other side and the enterprise
the several shipping companies which
have offices here and operate regular
lines of steamers as wel'l as chartered
tramp vessels to foreign ports in many
parts of the world.
The articles exported are shipped here
over the Chesapeake & Ohio railroad
and on thir arrival are transferred to
its immense grain elevators and its
eight commodious piens and then
aboard the cargo ships in waiting.
Among the principal steamship com?
panies, which do a regular business
here and by their immense success are
hel'ping to make the history of the port,
are the following:
Chesapeake & Ohio Steamship Com?
pany.
United States Shipping Company.
Furness. Withy & Co.
Funeh. Edye & Co.
Phoenix Line, Virginia service.
Harber & Co.
North American Transportation Com?
pany.
All. of t'he;e lines, together with sev- j
era! smaller ones which are only heard
of occasionally, work with 'the Chesa?
peake & Ohio with a degree of success ,
which is highly gratifying to all con?
cerned.
The Chesapeake & Ohio Steamship I
Company -has the largest and best
equipped line of ships in its Newport j
News-England service. They are
Kanaiwha, Rappa?annock and Shenan- I
doato. plying to Liverpool and the
Greenbrier, Appomattox and Ohicka- '
hominy plying to London. Furness,
Withy & Co., the Phoenix Line and the |
North American Transportation Com?
pany own their own chips, but all of |
the other companies export their car?
goes on chartered vessels.
The total number of vessels loaded at j
the ixirt during the fiscal vcar of 1883- :
?84 was 186.
For the twelve months of 1897, the j
custom house records show that the |
several shipping companies operating
here cleared 610 steamships. The fact
that there were go many shilps for the
past year and so few companies work?
ing here is the best evidence that each
o'f the latter is doing a tremendous bus?
iness.
With so many ships and such large I
figures the first ouestion a stranger
will .ask is. "what do all of those vessels |
carry to foreign countries?" That is a
question easily, but not briefly answer?
ed. Tiie articles of export which are j
sent out from this port across the ocean
and the gulf to other lands number |
nearly a -hundred and are as follows:
Flour, corn, wheat, oats, rye, barley, j
bran, oatmeal, eorntmeal, cattle,
truer of bark, siust.i.ge. castings, drugs, |
bituminous coal, copper (in several
forms),zinc, cotton, fruits, dried apples,
giapes, sugar, glassware, glucose, nuts,
grease, pig iron, koo and' steel manu?
factures, leather, slate, ail cake, cotton
seed. meal, linseed, vegetable oil, paints,
colors, canned beef, baicon, tallow,
ham, pickled pork, lard, compounds, '
oleomargarine, oleo, oil. clover seed,
timothy seed, soap, s.tareh, leaf tobac?
co, manufactured tobacco, peas, logs,
lumber, staves, manufactures of wood,
spe-iter. agrleuitutral implements, har?
ness.wire, bicycles, hair, paper manu?
factures, fertilizer, vegetable fibres,
parafine wax, seeds, cotton waste,wear?
ing .apparel, carbon black, feathers,
mac-hineiiv. malt, lieans. bones and car?
tridges.
Among the countries with which |
Newport News trades in this respect I
are:
England. Scotland. Ireland. Germany,
Belgium, Denmark, Spaing 'Netherlands, j
Portugal, Puerto Rico, Mexico, British ]
West Indies. Cuba, Venezuela, Norway,
Brazil and 'Honduras.
The following list of exports for Feb?
ruary. 189S, is published for the pur?
pose of demonstrating in detail the |
character of the business, 'both in val?
ues and article-, done at this port for |
one month:
Exports. Value.
Ccrjj. 2,114,SS3 Lus". Is .$ 73t>:J.>'
Wheat. 35,963 toiorhels. 38 SS'
Flour, 2S3,735 bushels...13.393.14S
Oats, 420,027 bushels. 117,603
Bran, 100 tons. i.500
Corn meal, 32,393 bushels.60,808
Oatmeal. 65,000 pcunds). 2,600
Rye, 33,000 bushels. 16,500'
Other breadstuffs . 35,892
Cattle 1,413 head. 141,360
Horses, 40 head. 5.000
Agricultural implements. 15,000
Bark . 19.238
Bones . 5^
Cycles, parts of. 31,000
Bituminous coal, 4,876 tons- 11.178
Copper bars 448,281 pounds. 49,311
Cotton, 2,122 bales. 52,604
Cotton waste, 14,700 pounds. 441
Other -cotton manufactures. 1.383
Fertilizers, 12 tons. 4.060
Peanuts. 5.007
Glucose and grape sugar, 1,017,
400 pounds. '5?JJ
Cartridges.
800
Hair.
. 696
Big iron, 362 tons. 3,520
Steel castings. -.490
Iron and steel manufactures... 3'?"
Malt, 15,861 bushels.
create . 4,110
Cotton seed oil cake, 676,800 lbs. 6,045
Linseed oil cake 574,900 lbs. 5,020
Lubricating oil, 9.000 gals. 900
Cotton seed o'J, 191,560 lbs. 47,890
Carbon . 6.308
Paper. 3,ut>4
Hams, 141,694 lbs. 12,817
Salt pork, 835,865 lbs. ?2'i??
Lard, 1.573.853 lbs. '8,693
Clover seed, 32,441 lbs. 1.947
Timothy seed, 26,200 lbs. '86
Soap. 1.820 lbs. ,4 S5
Starch, 1.368.800 lbs. 34,215
Leaf tobacco. 603,305 lbs. i8,26o
Logs. 61.248
Boards. 220.196
Shooks . 1.519
Staves. 1.699,334 . 42.321
Doors. 10,596
Furniture . 130
Mouldings .??<. 1.987
Other wood manufactures . 7,454
Zinc .???? 29
Other exports not enumerated.. 6,4o6
Total .$3,431.719
In the same month the several coun?
tries received exports from Newport
News to the following values:
Belgium.??$,12Mf2.
Denmark . 180,663
France. 120.408
Germany. 503,546
?Netherlands .? 310,127
England.1,827,693
Scotland . 237,839
Ireland . 1 ?'??
British West Indies. 2,778
Cuba . 8'400
Total
$3,431.719
Before dismissing the subject of ex?
ports, it wHl be well to note the large
Increase that is .being made with each
successive month, and aJso the pros?
pects for a much laTger valuation for
1898 than that of last year.
For February of this year the exports
were valued at $3,471,71-9, as quoted
above. This was the largest February
record in the history of the port, and
?In addition to being much heavier than
Jarxiary of this year, was an increase
1897I1*arly *1,500,000 over February of
There is every prospect that the rapid
strides being made by the port in the
eirly months of the year will continue
throughout and when the bells "ring
out the old and ring in the new", those
who are interested in the growth of
Newport News wW doubtless see an ex?
port record gratifying in every respect.
Some have gone so far as to predict
that the valuation for 1S9S will reach
$40.000.000. This may be a rather am?
bitious estimate, but it is safe to say
that the figures, will not fall much be?
low that amount.
IMPORTS.
The port not only enjoys a 'Urge ex?
port trade, but its import business
shows up very conspicuously and nets
quite a handsome sum each year to the
cr?dit of the United States Custom
house. Of course, the figures represent?
ing import valuations are not nearly as
large as those in the export column.
This is to be expected, as nearly all of
the companies located here devote their
attention only to shipments to foreign
ports. The Chesapeake & Ohio steam?
ships and those of the Furness and the
Phoenix lines are about the only ones
which make a regular business of
bringing to Newport News return car?
goes from English. German and Swed?
ish ports.
There are two kinds of imports, clas?
sified as for "immediate consumption"
and for "immediate transportation."
The former class is the only one that
.really enters into, the showing of the
?port, as it is crrly on articles coming
under 'this head that duties aire collect?
ed by Coileetor of Customs Elliott for
the United States Gc-vernment.
The figures given under ihe import
column in the combined table ahove
reprerent values of articles received
here for "immediate consumption," and
the amounts in the third column shov
the relative sums collected each year i
the way of duties.
The total value of al the imports for I
the year 1897 was a trifle over $3,000,000.
Of this amount duty was collected on
$1 z87,719, which was the value of "con?
sumption articles."
The imports of the first class for 1897
follow by months:
Month. Value.
January....$ 58,525
February. 28.254 '
March. 105,52.1
April . 213[ot)7
May. 114.8G2
June . 205.057
luty . 140.97!) I
August. 30,085
September . 109,181 I
October . 53,578
November . 156,605
December. 72,281
Total.$1.2S7,719
During the past year 197 foreign ves?
sels brought cargoes to this country.
The general run o'f articles imported |
from 'foreign countries is about as fol?
lows:
Chemicals, bleat-hing powder, coffee,
grain bags, burlaps, fixed oils, paper
stock, tea, wood, cement, caustic soda,
soda ash. clays, earths, decorated and
ande'eorated earthenware, hemp manu?
factures, iron ingots, steel 'blooms, dis- j
tilled spirits, malt liquors, still wines,
ails, meat products, vegetable fibre, j
?alt, fruits, fish musical instruments,
needles, glass, glassware, rice, spices,
toys, pickles, sauce, liquorice root, goat
stair, books, maps, animals, brushes,
jewelry, asphalt, anvils, gunny cloth,
rags, tin ac'ticles. che-eee and dogs.
PM'PORT COUNTRIES.
The countries from which imports are |
received follow:
England, Germany, Belgium. Nether- I
lands, Spain, r.-attend. Brazil, Danish I
Wee: Indies. Colombia, St. Thomas. W.
L. France. Sweden, British East Indies,
British Africa and Egypt.
The enormity of the import business
done through this port can be 'better
conceived when it is known that for
the past /ear the duties and fees, etc.,
jol'lected at fhe custom house aggre?
gated $219,626.61.
These collections, including duties,
tonnage, dunes, fines, night services of
inspectors, collector's fees, emigrant
fees alnd 'bonded warehouse fees. is. giv?
en by months as follows:
Month. ' Duty.
lanuarv .$ 6.34S.13 ,
Februai y . 18,057.92
March. 13.937.7U
April. 32.362..05
\liy . 25.500.67
rune . 30.169.34
Iu.lv . 18,057 "
\ugust . 11,617.15
September . 31,056.38 j
October..!. 11.645.14 !
Movesrber ?--. 14,758.21
December. 19,400.00 |
Total.$219,626.61
COtAL.
The largest coal shipping port in the
United States is Newport News. Coal
s being dumped at the Chesapeake &
3hio plensat present at the rate of over
1,000,000 tons per annum.
This coal, is: secured by the Chesa
>eake & Ohio in the Kanawha and New
River districts in West Virginia, where
:he very 'best steam coal obtainable is
nined. 'The coal is transported to New?
port News direct in cars, built especial?
ly for this; trade, over the tracks o? the
Chesapeake & Ohio railroad. On ar?
riving here, the cars are pushed up on
?be high coal piers, as', nt'eessity de
-nands, and from these lofty trestles,
:he fuel is dumped into steamships,
s'choonens and barges.
Newport News Is the mid-Atlantic
;oaling station of 'the naval vessels of
he north Atlantic squadron and from
;hese a large bunker coal patronage is
?eceived. A great many tramp steam?
ers, carrying cargoes from southern
ports, stop here for coal to last them on
their trips. The steam coal is sent
north principally, and south occasion
allv, in schooners and barges, for use
an "railroads, and for manufacturing
ourposes.
While the great coal traffic at this
port I- much larger than that of any
other city, it is understood that the
business will shortly be increased doub?
ly by fulfilment of the terms of a con?
tract between the Chesapeake & Ohio |
and the Atlantic Transportation Com?
pany for the shipment of 2.000,000 tons
of coal annually for five years. This
from the Ideal piers is to be dumped in?
to the company's twenty-six barges
firom time to time and wi'H be shippea
to American- and- -neighboring foreign
ports. _
Dtiring the year 1897 the Chesapeake
& Ohio -Railway Company loaded 501
schooners and 391 barges.
The record of coal shipments from
the port for that year were as fofltows,
in tons:
Month. Quantity.
January.- 80,262
February . 72,216
March.116,471
April.138,056
May . 93,943
June .102,839
July .116.843
August .149.526
September.114,012
October .132.288
November .124,698
December.154,384
Total .1,395.338
This total was an increase over 1896 of
about 600,000 tons. The increase of 1898
over 1897 will be over 2.000,000 tons, it
is estimated, in case there is no hitch
in tr*> plans oif the Atlantic Transporta?
tion Company, and about 800.000 tons in
the event the contract is declared void.
In Mack and white the business of the
port of Newport News is given. The
facts and.flgur'es speak for themselves.
Newport News Is. indeed' the "Golden
Gate of the'Atlantic" and the "Liver?
pool of Virginia. Tt Is destined to be
the "Liverpool of America." Time will
teH.
?NCIE SAl'S AGENTS
Large Staff of Naval Officers
at the Yard.
SOME BRIEF BIOGRAPHIES
Men Who Represent the Gov?
ernment Here Render
Valuable Services.
When a mighty naval giant clad in
the panoply of war takes its place
among the fleets of the world, few per?
sons stop to consider the various steps
necessary to bridge the chasm between
ideality and reality?between 'the Chief
Constructor's conception of the vessel
and the vessel itself as it stands ready
to defend with its brazen throated
dogs of war and staunch sides the hon?
or of the nation.
Every vessel that floats upon the
bosom of the mighty deep first lived in
the mind of some man. Each line of
symmetry and strength, every detail
from -the keel to the pennant Hying
from the topmast must be reduced to
mathematical accuracy before the ideas j
of the Chief Constructor can even be
in to take form
This work, so far as it applies to 'the I
vessels constructed for Uncle Saim's
navy at the shipyaird here, is performed
what is known as the Government !
Department.
From a small beginning in 1S94, when I
the shipyard began the construction of
tNavta! Coni-truc-tor J. J. -Woodward,
the gunboats Nashville and Wilming?
ton, this department has grown in size
and importance with the increase of
government work at 'the yard here.
The -pioneers in the government de?
partment are Naval Constructor J. J.
Woodward, now chief -i-nepector of the
hull department, and Chief Engineer
MiCn.
The government work is divided into
four departments?the hull Inspection
dorcrrtment. presided over by Corn truce
or Woodward: the engineering depart?
ment, presided over by Chief Engineer
P. 1A. 'Reariek: inspection of ordinance,
by Captain George W. Figman and in?
spection of equipment by Lieutenant
Rogers -H. G'ault.
N A V AiL'CON STRUCTaR'WKJODWAiRD
Constructor Woodward graduated
from i'he Naval Academy in 1SS1 and
aiffor a two years' cruise in the -Medi?
terranean as a midshipman was de?
tached for special duty in Paris at the
French Government School of Naval
Architecture. He was appointed assist?
ant naval constructor -in July, 1888, and
rea-ched hi's present grade 'March 3, 1891.
Constructor Woodward was engaged
in the construction of the ill-rated bat?
tles Clip -Maine, the torpedo boat Cush
in-r. the Cruiser Brooklyn, the battle
s'h'lp Iowa and the gun'boats NashviiMe.
P. A. Reor.ick, Chief Engineer U. S. N.
Wilmington and Helena, and is now su?
perintending the work on the battle?
ships now being built at the yard here.
?NAVAL CONSTRUCTOR STOCKEiR.
Associated with Constructor Wood?
ward! -is Naval Constructor Robert
Stockei-, 'Who entered the United States
Naval Academy as a Naval Cadet in
1SS3. from Minnesota; was graduatea
from the Niaval Academy in 1887 and
stationed on the United States steam?
ship Boston for seven months, when
thrs vessel first went into commission.
He joined the United States steamship
Trenton at New York in January, 1887,
then about to leave for the Pacific;
made the cruise from 'New York to
Cape de Verde Islands, Momtevido.
through Straits of IMagel'l-an to OiMao.
Peru Pa.yita, Panama, Tahite atnd
Apia' -Samoa, where the Trenton was
wieciced -with other vessels in the ter?
rible storm Cf 'March, 1889. He returned
by steamer to San Francisco via Hon?
olulu and went to the United States
Naval Academy for final examination
and was commissioned as an ensign_ in
the United States Navy in July. 1889.
Several months later he joined the Uni?
ted States steamship Yorktown m New
York then about to leave for (Europe
aV.one of the original White Squadron
William StrOther Smith, Passed Assis?
tant -Engineer, U. S. N.
under Admiral Walker. The squadron
left 'Boston in December. 1889, for Lis?
bon. In midocetan the fleet was sepa?
rated by a severe gaie and 'the York
town broke her steering gear. She
made her way to the 'Azores for tempo?
rary repairs and then proceeded to Lis?
bon, and later took a cruise in the Med?
iterranean In April, 1890, Ohe squad?
ron sailed for Brazil. At the Cape de
Verde Islands the) Yorktown was de?
tached and returned to New York.
In the fall of 1890 Constructor Stocker
was detached from the' Yorktown and
ordered to Paris to take a special course
In -naval architecture. He returned to
the United States in November, 1893,
and in December of the same year was
ordered to duty in the Navy Depart?
ment at Washington. In February.
1S94, he was ordered to duty at Newport
News in connection witlh the building
of war vessels at the Newport News
Sthipbutildingf Ar Dry Dock Company*?
works.
?ASSISTANT NlAVAL, CONSTRUCTOR
'M'DONAJJD.
Assistant 'Naval Constructor J. iE.
McDonald entered the Naval Academy
In the fall or 1888 and ?graduated in
June, 1892. Shortly after graduation he
joined the Ne-wark, from which he was
detached in the f?ll and ordered to
Paris to pursue a special course in
navai architecture at the Ecole d' Ap?
plication du -Genie 'Marl-tine. His course
of Instruction at Partis having been
completed to the winter of 1S95. he re?
turned to America.and wassthortlyafter
wiards ordered to Newport News as an
Atss'iistant Naval' Constructor. Since thait
time he has been on duty here, with
the exception of the first six months of
the past year, during which period he
was attached to the North Atlantic
Squadron as Fleet Constructor.
ASSISTANT NAVAL CONSTRUCTOR
?EVANS.
Assistant 'Naval Constructor Holden
Allen Evans entered the United States
Naval Academy from Florida in 18SS,
and graduated in 1892. He made a two
years' cruise on the United States
steamships Charleston and Concord on
the Pacific. North and South Atlantic
oceans. He was in 'Rio de Janeiro dur?
ing the rebellion. He was commis?
sioned ensign in 1894: served on the
flagship San Francisco on 'the Euro?
pean station until -November, 1895, when
he was ordered to the University of
Glasgow, Scotland, to take a special
course in naval architecture. He was
commissioned" Assistant Naval Con?
structor in July. 1896: finished course in
naval architecture at Glisgow on May
1. 1897, and was then ordered to New?
port News
ASSISTANT NAVAL CONSTRUCTOR
ROBERT.
Assistant Constructor W. Pierre Rob?
ert entered the Naval Academy in May
1S90. and graduated from there in June.
1894. after which he served a short
while on the United States steamship
New York, and then took a three years'
course in naval architecture at the
Royal Naval College. Greenwich. Eng?
land. He graduated from this school
in the summer of 1897. after which he
was ordered to Newport News.
?SHonoHirrra. o oznkxiv
Alcnzo C. Burroughs, carpem'.er, Uni?
ted Stuitei; Navy, was appoint?
ed to the service March 9, 187S. Duri ng
hi; twenty years of service he has
served on board the United States
steamships Plymouth, Swartara, En?
terprise, New Hampshire. 'Massachu?
setts, Saratoga, 'Monongahela and the
battleship Indiana. His first shore duty
was at Roach's yard in connection with
the building of the Concord and Ben
nOr.gton, and he was at EliaabethpCrt in
connection with the building of the
Bancroft. 'He spent a term of forty
months at the 'Mare Ti-Oand navy yard.
California, ret'uming East in Septem?
ber, 1894. and reporting for duty at the
Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry
Dcck Company. He was later detached
for service on board the battleship In?
diana, returning to Newport News last
Pall.
In addition to the constructors and
aesslstants there are a number of
draughtsmen employed in the hull di?
vision of the government department.
Between twenty and twenty-live men
are employed tn this division of the
government service.
ENGI NEERI NO DI VISION.
The engineering division of the gov?
ernment department 'is under the su?
pervision of Chief Engineer P. A. Rear
ick, U. S. N., superintending navai en?
gineer at the Newport News ?ShltpbuKd
ing & Dry ""Dock Company. Chief En
ST.neer Reaiick is a ve.eran in the serv?
ice, having served thirty-eight years.
He entered the naval service in 186U
a>nd during his twenty-one years of sea
service has served on all stations tn
every squadron. His seventeen years
of shore dnty have been performed in
Norfolk and Newport News. He was
ordered to his present position May 5.
18S6.
Up to a few days ago Chief Engineer
Rearick had two assistants and six
civilians under his supervision. His as?
sistants were Passed Asssistant Engi?
neer William Strother Smith, who has
been ordered to the Columbia, and
Passed Assistant 'Engineer C. B. Price.
PASStElD ASSISTANT ENGINEER
?W. STROTHERS SMITH.
Passed Assistant 'Engineer Wiilliam
Strother Smith graduated from 'the Na
C. B. Price, Passed Assistant Engineer,
U. S. N.
val Academy in June, 1880, served two
and a naif years on the Paclific station
on the flaigsihip Pensacola. He was
commissioned assistant engineer in
June, 1882; served three years and five
months on the old Kearsarge on the
European station from 1883 to 1886. and
three years on the Galena, North At?
lantic station, from 1887 to 1890. Dur?
ing that time the Galena was flagship
to the expedition to release the Ameri?
can steamer -Haitian Republic from the
Hatlan 'government. From 1890 to 1893
he was on duty at the navy yard m
Portsmouth., Va. From 1893 to 1896 he
was on the United States flagship New?
ark, which vessel was present in the
harbor of Rio Janerlo during fhe in?
surrection. He was ordered to duty as
senior assistant inspector of machinery
alt 'the Newport News Shipbuilding &
Drv Dock Company, and was a member
of the Board of ChUnges in July, 1896.
PAS1SED ASSISTANT ENGINEER C.
B. PRICE.
Passed Assistant Engineer C. B. Price
was appointed to the Naval Academy
from MlssiEBslppi in 1886 and was grad?
uated in 1890, taking the special course
in marine engineering during his last
year there. He was commissioned as
an assistant engineer in July. 1892, and
was promoted to his present grade in
February, 1897. His sea service of
nearly t?lx years includes a cruise on
the United States steamship BaHiiimc-re.
when she carried the Temains of the
dietingtilsSierl engineer" Ericsson to
Sweden, and also during the exciting
times of the Chilian trouble in 1891. In
Valparaiso. In 1893 he was ordered to
the cruiser San Francisco, and was
present at Rio during fhe BraJsMlan
revolution, at Kiel for "the opening of
the 'Baltic and North Sea canal; and,
later, o-.i the coast of Asia Minor dur?
ing the Armeruian trouble in Turkey.
He has been on duty at Whe Newport
News Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Com?
pany sflnce 'December, 1838, as assistant
Inspector of machinery -of the battle?
ships now being built there.
ORDNANCE INSPECTION DIVISION
The ordnance inspection division of
the government depart-ment is in charge
?of Captain George W. Pigmiam, wiho en?
tered the service September 28, 1S61.
He was appointed lieutenant-com?
mander October, 1869, and attained his
present grade of commander October 7,
1876. He has seen fourteen yean; and
ten months sea service and sixteen
years and nine months shore duty. His
last sea service was as commander of
the United States steamship Benning
ton, on the Pacific station. He wai; or?
dered to Newport News April 29, 1897.
EQUIPMENT INSPECTION DIVIS?
ION.
The equipment inspection division of
the government department is tinder
the supervision of Lieutenant Rogers
H.Gault.who entered the Naval Acade?
my from Virginia June, 1868. He was ap?
pointed ensign in July, 1S73, junior lieu?
tenant in 'March, 1SS3, and attained his
present rank in 'November, 1S84. His
sei service extends over sixteen years
and six month!:, -while he has seen
eleven years and nine months shore
duty. He was ordered to his present
station June 7. IS97.
Under Lieutenant G'aul'i are Ensign
Yates Stirling, Jr.. and -Boatswain Jo
siah B. A!ken. Ensign S'thli'tig entered
the service in September. 1888. from
Massachusetts, and attained hin pres?
ent: grade July. 1894. Boatswain Aiken
entered the service from New York in
1S66. and has seen ten years nul six
months sea service an'! t wenty-one
years and two months shore duty.
TU?. G. &0 El^V-UOR.
The i'tr.menee Chesapeake & Ohio ele?
vator which staweb Bit the head of piers
Nos. !i and 6 is one of the most ca?
pacious and sptendidly equipped' build?
ings <of the kind in the United Stains.
\V-crk ein tCie sti.iuetupe was commenced
in 1SS2 a'lu.il the building was ready for
occupancy in December, 1SS3. Mr. Ha
iBelti'ne was the first president of the
1 ootnr.iamy. President M. B. Ingalls. of
the Chesapeake & Ohio Railway Com
W. S. Upshur, Superintendent Chesa?
peake & Ob'o 'Elevator,
pony, is now at the hfcad of the or?
ganization.
The capacity of this Immense eleva?
tor, which is in plain vtaw -of points
ten' and twelve miles away, is 1.750,000
bushels of grain, white its b-.adi.ng ca?
pacity is 300,000 bushels raw day.
?t-.ie business of the elevotor company
has grown from insiginlillcant rm-prjii -
t'tons until .the port of Newport News
stands third or fourth in the list <>c
large American potts in tiie exirKKtatllon
?o-t eteircuis.
The elevator Is so conveniently ar?
ranged that theiie is none of the trouble
of loocing Itfce grain on lighters and
ixirges and transferring it to the steam
eis. The largest merehamtman uitloait
can tie up at the piers of tfre company
and have a cargo of grata dumped into
its hold diiieet from the elevator. In
fan.it, since the piers were rebuilt alVer
tost year's large fire, two vts?tis may
be loaded with grain at the same time,
there now 'being twto carnying belts, one
emptying on each side of the pier. This
economy of time and1 haindling makes
it possible for the elevator here <Jo
'handle grain as cheaply us any estab?
lishment in the United States.
The business o-f the eonviiamy is in
charge of (Mr. W. S. Upshur. a thor?
oughly capable and experietn'Cifd gen?
tleman, who Is ably assisted by his
chief clerk. Mr. J. L. Street.
The elevator is now doing tlae largest
business in its history; handling grain
at the rate OiT about 3,000.000 bushels a
-moi-Jth._
I I li Hi
After the
Launcing
IS OVER
Take Street Gar
at corner of Twenty-eighth street and
Washington avenue, ainld the conduotctr
wild put you off on the grou-nil' where
Th Sale Will Tav Place
or 'jou can take carriage in front of
POWELL BROS, & KING'S
Office, 2701 - WbJ?hing?crn avenue^ Sale
wilt the conducted by POWELL BROS.
& KING, who wJU funnish you with a
map of the property by calling at their
office.
?Sale will commence about 2 o'clock
this P. M.
EVERYBODY COME OUT.
DOfN'T MISS TJTEi OPPORTUNITY.
Steam ??wmi&v\},
i saniborn & avTJDWELU Props.
WAGONER
PoMorals.
Tin Tyof?.
AMATEUR WORK.
24i2 Washington Avenue
Space is limited, but large
enonoh to tell von that all
our work h done under
irnnr.nitee to be strictly firpt
clasfs in sule, workmanship
and iini-li.
Cabinets, $2 per dozen.
Diamonds, $1.50 per dozen.
Tin Types, 2 for 25 cents.
Amateurs will always be we'eome
to the use of the JHrk rooui at any
time lor clintiginjr plates.
Developing and finishingdone with
neatness and ilLpatch at lowest
nrives cotisistunt with good work.
For .inyhiug f?togra?c, see
wagoner,
2412 Washington Avenue.
Newport News, ? Virginia.
Established ill I088
?312 Washington Ave. ?
P.J.MUGLER
Barclay St Co-?
?NEWPORT KIEWS, VA.
Scillc.it orders for tepalring and special
work from the trade.
Up to date to everything. Finest
pamphlet in the south.
Our latest is the official souvenirs oi
the Launching of the Kentucky and
Kearsainge. Retail ut 25 cents each. .
Very Illiberal discount to dealers.
p~ Th?rnt^ m arye,
ARCHITECT,
Braxton 'Building, Newport News. Va.
Among the principal local structures
that were designed by me are:
Ci'tizens' & Marine Bank, Braxton,
Postofflce, Perkins, Duncan & Co.'s, At?
lantic Hotel and Winston & Co.'s build?
ings
Have also been engaged to prepare
plans for city school buildings and Win?
ston <& Co.'s New Theatre. Plans and
specifications furnished on. application.
j II1111.
3605 LAFAYETTE AVENUE.
A full stock of all the latest designs
in coloring and wall paper._
i
ioo,ooo Men !
ARE TODAY j
Soundly Berating and Censuring Themselves*
Because in tl:eir younger days they did not make in vestments ^
in what is now the confer of Chicago Tho-e wlio did are now|
! worth their lliouxaiuis, and even millions. g
i Newport News is live Chicago of the south. Judicious imvest- {
' meats in Real Estate he.ie today will soon double and treble in I
' value. (
J Note tihe growth. j
I Population in 1890, 3.500; 1806, 9,300; 1898, 16.CNI0.
^ Five years (hence promises 'to he 50,000. j
I For anv ln.6o.rmattan, or to iea rn how to make money cjiiiokly, j
) easily, etc., etc., call on or write to |
) I
) ROBERT P. ORR, i
j Real Estate and Investments,^
) Fiirst National Bank Building. i
r <

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