Newspaper Page Text
VOL III, NO. 71.
NEWPORT NEWS, VA., TUESDAY, MARCH 29, 1898.
ODTPT? SINGLE COPY. TWO CENTS
r iVlUlli ONE WEEK -TEN CENTS
WILLURGEHIM TO RUN
Mayor W. A. Post May Enter
HIS FRIENDS HUSTLING.
Efforts Will lie Mu.it, t? Pursuit.lu Iii? Kx
celleucy t?. ItecoiiHl?er Hin Wiili
drawal fron? the- Mayor
'Majvr 'Post .may not know it. but
'there is a movement on foot to induce
ihi'm to eharogie bis mind auul enter u!ie
mayoralty contest tor re-election UhSu
Just before 'he -left for Washington
test Monday might to make uirra.nge
menlts for escorting the Congressional
?puTty to .Nwvmirt .N'wvs to witness t'iie
double luiuncli'ing uj the battleships
lveairsa'rge and Kentucky, Mayor Post
.stajted that, owing fo preuis of business,
Ihe .'bad detepniined not to enter the
coming municipal campaign Ullis spring
IMwyw Post 'is a busy man. He is
tiiie consulting engineer ai Uie shipyard
and u't ?present is engaged in wonklng
ou't the plants -for tbe iiltunmoib dry
dock, whl?h Mr. Colitis P. Huntington
will build at a cost of $l,Uini inn). 'l...is
is not all t'he work Mayor Post hat-* on
hand, but it is enough to keep tHkn
4>usy. He will design the new pier
iwlhutti the Old 'Dominion Land Com?
pany will build in tie- nci.tr future.
Then. too. Mayor Posit bus his private
(business to Hook 'after. This was why
he decided not to be a candidate for
It is well known that great pressure
had been hrought to bear on his excel?
lency to enter the municipal caingiaign,
and at one blme 'it \va? thought that
he was about 'to yield: in fact, it was
igenerally believed he would be a candi?
Yesterday there was ,-i well defined
movement on foot t.. pursuade Mayor
IPmwt to reconsider his decision. A pe?
tition. It Is sa'id. will be laid before
hti>m asking him to enter the field. Hur?
ling Mayor Post's adau.niswu.tv. ..n steps'
(have -been taken to secure much needed
pu'blic limprovenien'ts. This work has
?been commenced and there are ma no
people who wish to see Muyor Post
complete it. This is ..11,' reason wlhv
he will 'be asked to stand for re-elec?
IWhlat Mayor Post will do remains to
?Candidates for the Common CnuiciM
are coming out. In another column
will be found the cards of Mr. K. I.
Ford and Mr. Emmet W. Rohinson.
IMr. Ford i,.- a candidate from the
Founth Ward to succeed Mr. George E.
?Via. That he 'is crpa.blo of represent?
ing the ward is evidenced 'by the fact
?that he is the genc-nnl yard master of
the (Chesapeake & Ohio railroad here,
/which position ranks second in respon
efJMBt'j- among C. & O. offices, and
What speutks for. itself. Mr. Fold is a
young mian of stetMtai.g qualitfes and
hiis .th^ support of :i large nutivbeir of
?the loading voters of the weird.
As a councilman Mr. Robinson is
well known, for be has served ..tie leimi
in the city ieglsl'at lire and 'I hen dee-lined
ire-election. 45.. far Mr. Robinson has
Oliver und Kate Byron linr.ii.se Their
Oliver and Kate Byron, tu-slsted by
a capable company, with one or two ex
cep-jiwna. pivseinted "The: Plunger" a;
Johnson's Opena House last night 'to .t
well pleased tvudiom-e. The Byrons are
favorites here, nind last night's lall gave
them an oppotrlunity to incirease th-sr
UHiipulanify. In "The Plunder" they
lhaive a melodrama. infen-'peised w.tn
sparkling comvedy. that is adniOuably
adapted to their individual talenif.
I.Vn incident of the performance which
m-tleots the tempetr of the people at
this time was the sp<5in.ta.n1 .us outburst
elf en.th'us"i.ism which greeted the sing?
ing of a couplet expressing the senti?
ment than an 'Arneiiean au-.my should
Ibe sent to capture Havana, with Filz
Lee in tfenvmamd.
The 'Byron-t 'Will appear at the o|.,-ra
Ihoute again tonight, presenting ."The
Turn of the Tide."
Successful i-.'t Sale.
mhe hi? lot sale which has been held
ITiHxm day to day since last Thursday
by Powell >BVob. & King, came to 11
close yesterday afternoon, when the
lost of the block of SOO lots situated near
Hampton .Roads, on the outskirts of
the city, was disposed of. The total
sales aigigregute $23.000. exceeding _ the
most samguine expectations by $8,000.
This de.moni-f'ra'le-s that values are n it
shrinking in Newport .'?s but are
This sucevssfu'l sale is due to the
push and enterprise of the firm that
conduct'ed the auction. Other agents
had attempted to sell ih.'s realty, but
they failed to make a saiccei-ts of it.
The number of lots sold at public auc?
tion yesteidlay was 346. The bidding
?was spirited and the sales we're soon
ciiied. 'During the last twenty months
It'hjis flirm has sold over 2,500 lots.
Seml-Annatii Meeting Tonight.
The semi-annual missionary meeting
Of the Epwortli league of the Washing?
ton? \Avenue IttVtlhod?st church will 'be
Oseld this evening, commencing at
The program follow?:
Ftra-yter?Itev. B. F. Lipscomlb.
Hymn?''Rescue the Periislhljng."
iSolvj?Mrs. C. W. Robinson.
M:issU>nan-y Address?Rev. M. S. Cd
iDuet'?^Misses Floirtda and Carrie I>a
Daxalogy and benediction.
The commiittee having c?hange of the
arrangierne-nts folio wi-:1 Hwwnndj T.
Ttoane, chairman; Mlsi-.'ets Hannah Wor
iren and Ora Hamfiltcn, Dr. CE. J. Ap
pCewhlte a nd Mr. J. W. Daoigiht.rey.
Uld Not Turry Long.
The ?panlsh steamer Oadi'iano, which
arrived he-re at 3 o'clock Saturday af?
ternoon, was docked Sunday after
noewi for coal. Sever.il haindred tons of
hunker coa.1 were h muled aboard the
Spanish t.ram'p and she sailed *??!
?Ciime before day break yesterday, evi?
dently in a hurry to eflear these waters.
On the arrival e.f th<; Godltano, sihe
dipped the Spanish flag to the Mas>s.t
chusettis and Brooklyn and both of Un?
cle tSoim's fl.ghters returned the salute in
. Views of the latm?hlng of .the battile
shii.ps Keairsoirge/ land Kentucky, for
oatie at Wagoner's Photo Gallery, 2412
iWaishitogtion oventie, at 25 cents per
oopy, \ N m-20-5t
IlKAItU FROH TtIK l'ULlMT,
Abstracts of Sermons Delivered in tliufll)
The blight sunshine Sun.lay van.- J
viaiich-g..ors to turn >.??., in large 'ill; -
Liers .in.t evi ry saer d~edi1ieo ?js IllYed
to its utmost capacity. Ixical pastors
filled the iiulpits, preaching Mini.-si and
thoughtful sermons on timely topics.
"The .Kock of Ages-' was 'the subj et
ist Rev. K. T. Wellofrd's .cuing dis?
course at the Fiist Presbyterian church. I
Atter drawing pictures >.f Iii an ient
obelisks that have stood for centuries
the speaker pictured Jesus Christ as the
nick of ages, who sood alone as toe ev?
ening star, ununovub'e and unchangea?
ble, the same yesterday, today and for
ever. The spc-ak. r then dwelt at length
upon the love of Jesus Christ, deelor
M bt 11ODI5T OH U RCIH
"The End Better Than the Begin?
ning" was the subj et upon which Rev.
It. V. Lipscomh discouised ai Washing?
ton Avei.iie Methodist church Sunday
air. Lips.nl> mod,- effe tiveness of
it he launching of tie battleships and
ih.- destruction of the Maine to illus
tutte his topic. 'lie said, in effect, that
he had been mu 'h impress d bv the
beauty ar.d auspiciousnes? of the scene
as each ..f the great ships glided into
:lv 'water. Then the thought oceurrid
to him that it was not long since thi
Maine, decked with Cogs, was ihus hup
l??y. laun I-. d. but her career .was .-lion
and ? mied in disaster-.
The cos- oif -th? Maine was made an
illristiation of the dangers thai beset a
young men at the outset of his care.
"Tlure are mo reports on <he .an
of the disas;. r." said he. "one aseribi
it to the Internal explosion of her m.is
zinc and the. thi r ascribing it to an ot
side attack. As in the Main- the e ?
isted the possibilitv of disoster. so
human natuie. there aiv th.- germs of I
evil and the young man 'must guard
against thus.- dangers tl.o: come from
within. He -s subject also to the dan?
gers that come from th- outside, the
temptations'that beset him and the in
lluences of - vi] companionship."
The application of th- sermon was
tr.e necessity for constant watchfulness,
so that thi- end might he better than
ti i young men.
j J^'1 i'ne S.-_'oi:<l Baptist church Sun
he.ng una hie :V,' g^i ,, a,In'iss'on to' the
ou,..i.ng. IM\e pen.oins were baptized.
The pastor, Rev. Thomas J. MaoKay,
pit-ached a yp-'.-.a-i sermon to young
iheiw PJ-2?:?"Ail th. se
ith up, what
tack J yet?" li.- said, in
"Th- words of the t.-xt -were given in I
answer to our IXvine Lud. This young j
man -had a h..iy desire to know the
d-Jvvne requlivm.-nts. and lie eauue tc
.in- proper source of knowledge, a have
no sympathy with th* idea expressed
by'those who have not ui-soc.iaitcd the
selves with the t. aiptat.ons of young
men. Y. n-hc-at them .-ay 'young me
a. r..- .1101 as 'moral ns they were w'iu
1 was o hoy.' 'People fa.i'l ,? un-.lenstaind
.he li.-mipiations set for the feel of the
yioung -in- 11 of our city. W< tfaeire
biilliivrd sal.ions, wl'th the rum bar be?
mud the partilit? and the house of
ill-fame upstain- in the sarnie building
to entice th,- young men , ?:' your day?
No; i.hey would ha ve iU en ?rsniotud
"1 have talked with a number of |
young men of our .-ity. and I tind them
cultured .end in etunuest resuirdimg .titietr
"Shu'iiid you ask me to give you a
model young man. ( s:hould certainly
\vilan ?:" one in my text, for he said:
'All tli.-s.: 1 have k pt prom my y utli
'"Did Jesus -,.laee a preinnium on .mo?
rality? I answer no. II,- loved him
b-.'-cUiiuse he kepi the law. 1 would have
all nieii to cultivate 'morality, but 'this
will u'ot save a man. S.>- thii- beautiful
via,-. You admire its leaves and in your
i-.lm.i'i.a;lon ya-u ask to 'luste its fruit,
but it does not bear fruit. What is the
use <f this vine called morall'ty if it
"IMy 'heart is interested in the v.i.un.g
?m.-n . ? our city, and I
the Ii, t set for your feet. Th.- first li?
the desire 'to do as other young
do. 1 warn you to choose your
s with tin- greatest care, and 1
w.you to be careful of the young
nan 'Who smile's at holy living's in the
church. 1 warn yo.u to avoid the young
iri.in Who smiles at virtue, mud tells
y..u ..hat virtue is simply a el ,.k worn
b. 'hind closed ili'ois; stub a man spurn
as y..u iwou'id :i rattlesntike, and if he
w.i'Ud.-s his aft en fi?-ns on you demon
s'tna.te to hi m in a very forcible mannen
that you know 'hew to k.-vip pure. Do
no; associate with men whom you
would ikk t ilt.' inlti your h.ntne and
r reduce ;.' yam- mother. Aiguiin 1 ws
von*of the so!.-"ii and 'the house of ill
repute four.d ..v.-r i-ai-,.'- ns. When your
fe,-: enter l?ere. bid farewell to mother,
i,, vir.nie. to (Pel. to 'home, 'to society,
t.i tv aven: for thv soul is lost forever.
Yet. while thy feet arc s-:ill entering.
hear thi- call of thy Cod: the call of
thv mother, of thy sis', r. the
'.bunch: east thin.- eyes heavenward:
hear the voice of Cod: 'Son. give -Me
thy he-art:' sell not thy s' ail for a few
thJo?rs' pleasure and lose eternal glory."
. S. Untier Asslgl
J. S. Butler, a grocer, doing busines
on Thvciwty-s*ventl> street, made an as
signmen't yest-. rday morning for the
benefit of his credit-..its. The assets
?i mount lp $1.200. Attorney C. C. Berk?
ley is named as truste .
Ml ul Illing perml'is were issued yes
tei'iia.y to the fo'lin.wing n t.me'd pennons:
G. W. Haimvood. two-stiory frame |
bui'l'din.g, wood iv.v-if, on 'W.-s-t a.venu.
betiWeen Twenty-nin tth and Thirtieth
C. 'W. Nettles, twvi-'story 'fr.ume build?
ing, wood rt?vr. on Thirty-tinird street,
bet-ween Washington .and Lalfuyetto av?
E. J. Crud'iiip. t'WVi-st-iry frame .build?
ing. Wi ed roof, on Mad is in avenue
hi t v. en T .v.'tity-third and Twenty
The following cases were disposed of
by Justice Uroiwn in the Police Count
yn *,\u irday morning:
Peter McNulty, drunk; fined $2 and
Ilcnrv C. Peacock, drunk; fined $2
Paul .Barry, drunk; fined $2 and cost's.
J. E. Brahnir, resisting an ollicer;
C,.-ge Mi-Allister, drunk; fined $2 and
IWillii'.m Jefrerson. alias "Indian Bill,"
Driver Slightly Injured.
Frank O'litbii'dige, who drives a wagon
.for Mr. Samuel 'Holden, received a pain?
ful injury yesterday morning by baling
thrown from the 'front wheel .of the ve?
hicle by the sudden start of bis horse
at the corner of Lafayette avenue and
Forty-third street. He -was taken to his
b.vme In East End, where 'he received
.proper mcdicail atitentiion. He Will be
j aible t<j be out In a few days.
Wood delivered in any part of the
dty. M. S. WARREN. 445 Twenty
n'lnth street. Phonie 2615. feb6-2m
Miss Louise Thurston .ui.\ Miss Geor?
gia Sewell. both of Gloucester county,
ur visiting friends in the city.
Mr. ami Mrs. William 111. Lumber
have ist: d i-.n-.is for tlie marriage of
their daughter, Alisa Mamie W.. to Mir.
J..hn T. Hogg, which win take place it:
their r-sidetic.', No. 327 Tw.-i;.;y-ltrt'h
sitzet, Wvdnegday evening. April i?, at
NEW t'ltlMIN.Vl. LAW.
Among the criminal !Uws passed by
?the ins: Legislature, which were made
necessary by tili e new and changed . <>ti
dttions. there .was an act passed to pro?
tect companies er citEes furnishing
electric light and p.user or gas from
the theft of their . urrent ..t sras or ap
paratus. and from any criminal inter?
ference with th ir metres, iioles, wires,
etc.. w'hieih mis intended to put a stop
to a good d.-al of petty thieving, from
Wh:,Iii ib.- various connpances jud eitles
?Uhiioughou-t the .Stute have ibeen receiiit
It w.is e^msMered that the ordinary
process ..r the courts 'in the mail tors of
tiv.-ipas... and the like wer.- not sulli.-i
ently stringent to cover the possibilitv
'of great injury accruing from net's
w-ivieh would be easy to do and dillicuJt
? rei -prove.
-t-\he net in ipie-stlon. which .pass.-,!
with practical unanimity in both house"
?is as follows: '
Chapter 221'.?An act to protect elec?
tric lighting and p.nwer companies and
a"* eomi.ank-- and cities un'di towns
Irom th.- theft of -Ic-tric current.or gas,
r apparatus, or unlaw.ul Interfer?
ence therewith. Approved Febru.ity S.
1. He it enacted by th*. General As?
sembly of Virginia. That tuiv parson
ui-.o shall unla.wfu-l.ly injure or destroy.
I or (having the right to prevent it. shutl
permit to 'be injured or destroyed, my
metre, pipe, conduit, wire. line. post.
Kijrnp i>r other apparatus belonging to a
>?'?*>' or town or to a eompdniy engaged
.:; the .manufacture or sale of electricity
..'r gas for lighting Or power purposes.
? who shuU unlawfully -prevent inelec
trie or gaw metre from duly registering
the quality .,f electricity or gas sup?
plied, or in any way unlawfully inter?
fere with its proper met*
trativjn. or who shall, v
sen: of such company or city or town.
iui-ta.vvTu.My divert any electric current
from iivy 'Wire of such company or city
ortt iwn. or 'who Slh-al'l otherwise unlaw?
fully use or cause to *>e used, .without
'the consent of such company o.r ort.y or
; w-n. shall, en conviction thereof, be
denied guilty ..f a niiiedemeanor and he
punished iiy a litt,- of not less than $2?
n.ir more -than $200, or by confinement
'in jail for not naire than one year, or
by ibo'th .-a.h line ?.ml 'tuiipt-iiisonimemt.
2. This net shall be in force from -its
itms fin; surri.lKS.
Sealed Proposals lo l iiriilsb Man rial for
the Sovi-r System to lie ??neuen Thursday*
i.M'Ueh 'interest is 'being manifested by
contractors all over the country in the
i-.-rteiage system" which is -to l>e built
shortly by 'the City. Every day uhe
plans en exhibition in the oftice of City
Clerk M'atssie at the court houtse. are in
s.pe.-t. d by the representatives of con
tri-.-o.ti- who are contemplating submit?
ting bids for file work.
Sealed pro-iiusuls for this work, en?
dorsed Wittli til.- na.me and address of
tie- party making 'the seritie, and ad- I
dre.-s, d t.. "The Special Sewer Comimii- j
i. e." will be oiH-ued Thuirsdivv, at 12
Ttie cont'iuct will coimprise approxi
5ii.-ir.ri feet of eight inch j m! i -
$.440 feet ..f ten Inch tile pipe sewer.
5.1-10 feet of twelve inch pope sewer.
-1,500 'f.-.-t of tifteen feet pipe sewer.
1,0-15 feet of twenty inch tile pipe few?
SS0 fe.-t of twenty-four Inch tile pipe
2,365 feet of thirty inch tile pipe sew?
1.500 f.-.-t of eight i-tn-h east iron force
2.000 feet of tell illCll east ifotl for-e
500 feet of eighteen Inch cast 'iron out?
let pipe. , . ,
sin) f.-.-t of t wer.fy-'foiir inch oust iron
'-Air tight ta'iiik. iotut house two sev?
enteen horse-power was..lliv- engines:
t.wo 1.000 gallons per minute centifif-ugal
117 man holes.
pi lamp holes.
60 Hush t inks.
lEuch prop.-*".! Is to be accompanied
hv a certified check for $5,000, payable
:>". the City Treasurer.
It has been decided that permission
will not lie given for the withdrawal of
any proposal after it has been tiled ?with
the il-ty clerk
Tlie partv to whom the contract may
Tie iiKvardej wilt be required to furnish
a bind either of a res.|xmsil>le indemni?
ty o.r guatrantee company of. or author?
ized to do business on. the State of Vir
uin'n. and satisfactory to the City
Council, such bind to be conditioned for
nitithful'performance of tbe comttract.
The city expressly reserves -1110 night
to reject any and all proposals.
"CireeilH" Wait on the "Itetis."
At the Young Men's Christion Associ?
ation last night the supper which was
the crowning event of the membership
contest between, the "Reds ami
"Greens" was served. Fourteen mem?
bers of the Indian brigade turned up
with good appetites, while about a doz?
en of the "greens" arrayed
aprons served us waiters.
A substantial repast had been pre?
pared under'th - direction of Captain C.
W. Baines and the "reds" did full jus?
tice to it. The Waiters performed their
duty with a cheerfulness- and skill
which resulted in many "tips."
When th- "teds" finished Mr. Howard
I.. E'dmunds suggested that .the eld
aphorism to the effect that "to the vic?
tor belongs the spoils" be changed to
embody the idea 'that 'to the vanquished
belong* the spoils." This suggestion
was enthusiastically approved by the
"greens" and their erstwhile guests
turned in and waited on tb m until ev?
erybody was satisfied both Inward*y
and outwardly with the closing chapter
of one o'f the most successful member?
ship contests on record.
Notice to the Public.
Owing to some rlVrnges In our cleric?
al f..rce' we have been compelled to closf:
air store ?fter midnight. Our hours at
o-res-mt are 'from 0:20 A. M. until tmld
mighit.- On and after April lCWh, 180S.
our establishment will not be closed at
?ill. Trusting ".hat 'we have not .incon?
venienced1 the public, a.n>l assuring
hem oif prompt and continuous Service
after the atbove 'dote, we are
L IB. lllTYiNOIiDIS &- .CO.,
'Prop, of The Weal (Pharmacy.
A Happy Woman
Is the housekeeper who buys her coal
and wowi from the Warwick Coal am/d
Wood Co., rPwieriltvy-eighitn ?treeit, Jal4-tf
i nm mi
Full Texl el le mi
The Accident Theory Abso?
ABSTRACT OF EVIDENCE
All Abundance or Testimony to Show That
the Ill-I?.led I'.atllvBliip Was Itlown
I |> by a Submarine Mino
_*TASHTSCTOX. IX C, March 28.?
the foil.'\vinK is tile .report of the
court of ia.iuiiy which Invesivifa-twd
the -Main.- dteaater:
"in re _ explosion of the U. S. B.
S. 'Maine.' Itcfoi-c a court ?f inquiry,
Key West, Flu.
"I". s. S town, 1st rate. Key West,
Fla.. Monday. March 21, 1838.
"ATto.r full '.und mature cmsideration
of ail the tt-Stiimony before it, the o?urt
finds as follows:
"1?That the United Sti-tes battleship
?iMaiir.ie' arrived in Uhe haaboir of H.a
vano. Cuba, i?i tite ttwenty-tiftia day
elf January, e'ighteen hundred and nlne
ly-iltght, and was taken 'Ho huoy No.
?I. Mi from five and a half to six fath?
oms ..f water, by the regular govenn
"The United States cwnaij general
ait !Haa-ana had notified the authorities
at the 431.1.1 wv the previous evening .if
the intended arrival of-.he .Maine.
"2- -The i tat .* of deselipiiine on board
the Maine was ex-cel'lem: and all orders
a'nd regulations in regard to th* care
t>:n'd se-.f, ty of the ship were s'.ricDly
"Ail .ati-.tn unit ion wuis stowed In ac?
cordance ".villi presieiii'lied 'Instructions,
and proper .-are was ia'ke5n wheaev..r
"Nothing was stowed in any if the
mi.itt'azi'nes or i-iicell rooms 'Which was
tint p. niivR.fed to be slowed there.
"Tile magazines and she'll rooms were
always locked af tear having ibeeu oper.
e.d: an11 after t'he di?: ruction of the
MuOne uhe keys .were found In their
pn pi t- 'place in the captain'sh cabin,
i.?very.thin.g having been reported se?
cure that evening tat S P. M.
".Tiie temper iture of the magazines
au-.l shell iUww were taken daily, and
reported. Tire only iiia-ffa-zaie ?*wi
thaitl am undue amount of heat was the
after 10-0nt'h magazine, and that did
not expi.ul.- at the time t'he 'Maine was
"Tl.e torpedo heads were all stowed
Ml the after part of -the ship under the
ward u.a-m. tind neither mused nor par
t ctp..' -1 in thv desttudUuin of .the
"Tiie dry gun cation p Hi met-., .rid de
?toina'toi-s were st*,uve'd in tiie cuibin au
and remote froim tit..- scene of tiie ex
"Waste wis carefully looked after
? ?ii hoard of the Maine to obviate dan
get-. iS-peciia! orders in regard to this
.had been given 'by tfiie eoimimanding
"Vtntioi.s. dryers, alcohol tand other
iiombust'ibles of this nature were stowed
on or above tiie main deck, and could
n..'i h sve bad anything to do with the
destruction of tin- Maine.
"The 'medical stures were stowed, a.fu
under pile ward room and remote from
the scene ..1" the explosion.
"No dangerous stores of any kind
were stow,-.! -beN.w in .any of 'the other
suture rooms. Tiie coal bunkers were
I trainee ted daily. Of those bunkers ad
ja. etit to '.'iit- forward iiKi.gaziin.ei- tnil
slii."!! r- - tits, four were empty: naimelv
i: :'..' 'B 4.' 'B f..' 'B li.' 'A IT.' had
been in use that dav land 'A 1(" was full
of New -River in ai. This coal had been
eairrifull.v-ii..x.per-:<*d before receiving if
on board. 'Pile bunker in which it wa
sowed was a i-cess i.b I e out three sides
at all times, and -Uhe fourth side at t'hts
tan.n iK-count of bunkers 'B 4' and
Tt i',' 'bei'nig empty. Tiiii- hunker, 'A
I?' had been inspected 't'hat day by the
entg?neer orlieor on duty.
"Tiie tire alarms In the bunkers were
.n working order and there hid never
!>i en .a case ,?f spon taneius combustion
of coi-.l on hoard t'he Maine.
"T'n.- two after hollers of the ship
were in use at the time of Uhe disaster,
but for aux iliary purposes on'-j, w.th
a ciom-niara'tivcly I'e.'W pressure jt steam,
and 'bilng tended by a reliable watch.
These boilers could not have caused
the explosion of tile. :hic The four
forward 1 ?.!?'?'have -:ac- ':) ? r. found
by tiie d'-vcas. and a.t- in a fur condi?
"On the n'gh'. oil" t'he destruction of
the Maine ev. rything had 'been reported
secure for -the. nic.iht tit S P. M., by re?
liable person's, through the proper au?
thorities, *?> tile (Mnvniand;''n.g officer.
At the titi-.;. ill.- 'Maine was destroyed
.lie sbip was quiet, and therefore least
liable 'to a,.. i.lent caused by movemeints
from those on board.
"3?The lies.: mir-lorm of the M-aine oc?
curred at. 3:10 !'. M.. on the 15th day of
February, eighteen hundred and -ninety
eight, in the harbor of Havana. Cuba,
she b. inig at eiic time moored to Uhe
Hints buoy to 'Which fib,- h-.i<l been taten
upon her arrival.
"Th. i ' wore two explosions of a dis?
tinctly if.iferent ehairaetor. with a very
short bin distint': interval between
them, eu.l the forw.w'd part of the ..hip
?was lifted lo a marked degree at .the
time of V. v first explosion.
r'The fust explosion was more im
the nature of a report Tike that of a
gun; wii'ilc the piet-ond expKosi.m was
more open, prolonged, and of greater
volume. This second exploi-ion was, in
the opinion of the court, caused by a
partial explosion of two or more of the
f rward magazines of the Maine.
"4_The evidence bearfng upon this,
being principally obtained from dilverw.
dii'd not enable the court lo form a def?
inite conetu'sl-m as to the condition of
the wreck, although it was established
'?Jhaf the after part of the ship iwas
'particularly intact; anil sank in that
condition a very few miwutes after the
(lestruetion of the forward part.
"The fallowing ftuMs in regard to the
forward part of the ship are, however,
established by t'he tes'tiiimony:
"Tha t portion of .the port side of the
protective deck wlDich extic-nds from
about frame 30 to about frame 11 was
blown upvaft. and over to port. The
main deck'from about frame 30 to otbout
limime 11 -was blown up, aft, and sCiiight
ly over to starboanl, folding the for?
ward part of the middle superstrue-,
ture over and- on top of the after
"This was, to tihe ?phxkm of tib.e
court, caused by the partial explosion
of two 01- 'more i>f the forward nxtga
zines of tbe 'Maine.
"5?That frame IT. the outer shell of
?the ship, from ? point eleven and a
ihulf feet from rhe middle line of the
ship, avid ax feet above uhe keel when
in its normal position. Ibas been forced
up so as to he now about four feet
?above the surface of the water; t'here
fore, alboU't thirty-four ifeet above
wheie it would be 'had 'Uhe ship sunk
mil. n jured.
"Tlie outside bottom plating is bent
Into a reversed V tlupe. the after wing
of wh'ieli. about tlPieen feet broad and
thirty-two feet in length ('from frame''
17 to frame 25). is doubled back upon
itself against the continuation of the
same plating extending forw.i.rd.
"At fro-me IS the vertical keel is bro?
ken in two and tlie Hat keel bent into
an angle similar to the angle formed
?by the outside bottom plating. This
break is now about six feet below the
surface of 'the water, and about fchiruy
feet from its normal .position.
"In the opinion of the court, this ef?
fect could have- been produced only by
the explosion of a mine sit um ted under
the bottom .f the ship at about frame
IS. and some'uhat on the po t s de of
"C?The court llnds that the loss of
the'Maine, on lhe_ai-oasio.n named, w as
not in any respcit due to the fault or
neg8gen.ee on the part of tiny nf tlie
officers or members of tl.rew .?!' sud
"7?1*1 the opinion of the court the
Maine was destroyed by the explosion
of a i-'ubmai'.lne inline, which caused the
partial explosion ..f two or -more of her
f< -rwt i .r, 1 magazines.
"S?The court Iras been unable iU> ob
toln evidence fixing the responsibility
of uhe destruction of uhe .Maine upon
any person or persons.
(Signed) "W. T. SAMiPSOX.
"Captain V. S. N. President.
"Lieutenant Commander U. S. X., judge
"The court, having finished the In?
quiry it 'was ordered to make, ad?
journed at It A. >I. to await the action
of t'he convening authority.
Signed) "W. T. SA'M'PSOX,
"Captain, U. S. X., president.
"Lieut. Commander U. S. X.. Judge
"1". S. Flu'gslhlp. Xew York. .March
'Off Key West, Fla.
"The proceedings and Unding of the
court of inquiry in the above case are
'(Signed.) "M. SICAiRD.
"Commander in chief of che IT. S. naval
force on 'North Atlantic squadron."
A I tST'R A* "T OF TEST I M 0 X Y.
An Outside Explosion Cleiairly Proved
by the Evidence.
WASHINGTON, 'March 2S.?Tlie Jim-j
mient-e mass of testimony taken by Uhe
Maine court of inquiry was sent to the
.Senate today, and ?with the President's
message and Undings of the court, re?
ferred to che comimtiittee on fturelgm
relations. The testimony was taken on
eitghteen different daiys. t'he .fourteenth 1
day, bowtever. being dvoted to vit'Witng
the -wreck. 'Every' witness who avjs
known to have any information that
could thro-w light upon the great dis?
aster was called to give evidence.
It ii-j a story intensely interesting to
the American people. 'Ilvese who read
it can Utile doubt us to whether eher,?
whs an internal or external explosion.
?Perhaps tlie most significant testimony
:.s that showing tlie bottom plates on
Che port side of the ill-fated Maine to
be i,..,.: Inward amid upward, a result
ilhi.tt hardly could have followed any?
thing save an explosion from the out?
side. A mass, of ?testi'moiny is submitted
shewing the care exercised on board 'uhe
ship by Captain Sigs'bee and Iiis ollieers.
and the apparent imiiKis.silbi.lity of .the
accident occurring'by an internal cause,
such us the heating of rhe bunkers,
spontaneous combustion, or from otht-r
causes upon which so many theories |
The testimony of Captain Sigsboe is
of tlie greatest importance and is of
more general interest .than that of any
other m tu called bc-if-otre -the board.
With great care and minuteness he
gives on account of the management I
of the ship, -how she -was handled, wihat ]
was done from day to day on booird,
how khe sailed into Havana, heir rai
tlhorage and what he knew about it,
and in fact, every' point upon 'which
tin- government and the country de
si rew to be imfxirmed. iXiothing in Cap?
tain Sigsbee's testimony shows that
nhte anchoirage was changed or that tit
?was co-nsidered dangerous by any eine.
Second^ to the importance of t'he tew
ti.mk.iniy of 'Captain Sigsbee is that of
(Ensign Powelson. who .had charge of |
ilhie divers and knew from day to day |
what these divert-! found.
His testimony was to a certain extent |
.technical, 'bearing upon 'the construct!
of the ship, her plates, etc., .but it -was
.front these plates and this technical
knowledge that he was able to disclose
that the explosion took place ftroim the
The divers. Morgan, ?lten and Smith,
all eon'Uributed important evidence.
They testified ifc.it the liiertes w
bent Inward <\m the bottom port side
and outward Sn the starboard side.
The story of the explosion is told by j
different witnesses and adds little
w!hat Captain Sigsbee and Commander |
INotihingih t'he testim-vony fixes respon- I
s?biiHfiy, no conspiracy is apparent; no
knowledge of the planting of a mine is
A .witness, whose name Is suppressed,
tells of overhearing a conversation
among Six-tnlsh officers and a citizen
Inidl'tca'ting a knowledge of the destruc?
tion of the Maine by intention to blow
An officail of the American consulate
tells of information received anony?
mously tending to tdaow ir.ii.it .t com
spiracy existed. But nothing is defin?
itely stated which fixes any responsi?
bility upon Spa2n or her subjects.
Con.-n! General Lee appeared before
the court on March>tTi. His testimony j
related t" the ofttBfl formrtliitie-s pre?
ceding the Maineljppiv i'l. On January ;
24 he received tA" Bressage flrum the
State l>ep:iirtmcnt, saying that the
Maine would be sent to Havana on a
friendly visit to resume the- regular
status of naval relations between the
two eountriers, and was ordered to make
irrangenv-.-n-is at tbe palvioe for the in?
terchange <?r official ciuru^v.'. After
a call at the palace he sent the State
.[>.pir:m?at a cipher message saying
?'authorities profess to think the 17?.
:ted 'States has ulterior purpose -in send?
ing the ship. Say it will obstruct au?
tonomy and produce exeviement and
m ,st probably a demons! r it inn. Ask
"hat it not be ('.one till th.-y can get
ini'i!ructions from Madrid. Say that if
for friendly purpose, as claimed, detoty
is unimportant." .
It was too late, howere, tihe Maine
had aC'rvidy sallied. She arrived next
dav and Ivoe reported her arrival to
Uhe State IV-p.irt'nmnt.
Captain Sugsbee started his testimony
by describing the arrival of the Maine
in Havana harbor, and her ?anchorage
?o wthiat he understood to be one of
the regular buoys of the place, ?>
[He oould noit etatie whieHher tlhe
(Matov was .plaoed 4a Ittoe ueuaH berth
for .men-of-war. but said that (he had
?hea.iV.1 .remarks stiuiee the explosion, 'us?
ing Captain Slovens, temporarily im
(?mmainl of t'he Wu rd lame steamier
Ctity of 'Washington, as authority for
Uhe statement, that 'lie had never known
in aill his expeileiiee. which covered
visitw to iHa'va.na for live or six years.
:i man-of-war to 'be airochon-ed to .chat
Ibuoty: tihu.t "he 'hail rarely known mor
eha.ni veusels to be a.n'chored there,
sind that it was Uhe least used buoy
i'ii t'he harbor.
In describing the surroundings tit .'t'ae
time of Uhe eX'plosiion Caiptain S'i'g'.-l.iee
.stated illviit the Alfonso Xll was at
their usual berth, aibout 250 yards to the
northward amd westward of t'he M .title.
flUie '.Maine coaled at Key West, tak?
ing on 150 tons, the coa.1 being regular?
ly inspected and taken from 'the govern
tm-iM ccttl pile.
No report wai* receivixi from the ohieif
enganeer that any coal had been too
?long in the bunkers, and thai the lire
alarms in tiie "bunkers were sensitive,
insofar us t'he regulations regarding
?iivllai.iituubl.s tund paints on 'board. Cap?
tain Si?.?.!ho testified that the regula
li -n< were strictly carried out in regard
to rige. tund that Pile waste was ? ' o
subject to the same careful dispow.v.?.n.
Regarding t'he electric plant of the
'Mi.niiu*. tjinptain iSigsbeu stated that
there was tio serious grounding nor
sudden I taring up of t.he lights before
tlhe explosion, 'but a sudden send total
eclipse. Captain ?Sigiibev. sold lie exam?
ined the temperature of title magazines
Iviimse'lf and coroversed witih tlhe ord?
nance officer as to the various temper?
atures and the contents of the maga?
zines, amd according to the opinion of
this ofllcer as well as Caiptaii.n Sigsbee
tiie temiperatU'iies we're never at the
danger point. At the time of the dis?
aster the two after 'boilers in the after
tire room were in use because the hy?
draulic system was leaking. Speaking
generally of his relations with the
Spanish au tilVoirit 'ies. Captain Sigsitjee
stated that with the officials they ..were
When nsked whether there was any
demonstration of animosity by people
afloat 'Captain Oigsbee si id that there
never was on shore, as he was in
?Toirmed, but there was afloat. He ire
lated that on the first Solidary after tthe
IMaiWe's arrival a ferry beult densely
erowd'ed with people, civil and military,
ret'ui'n'.'itg from a 'bull tight 1n ltegla,
passed the '.Maine amd about forty .jieo
ple en board indulged in yells, whistles
and denisi've calls. During the stay in
Havana Vupta 'n Si'gsibee took .more than
ordinary ipreeau'tioms for the protection
. If the .Maine.
The Maine, at the time of the ex
'plo'sio'ii, was heaidi'.n'g approximately
n'ortliwe-t lie was writing at his prnrt
cabin table at tlhe time of the explos?
ion ami .was dressed. He then went
i'nfo i description of the eX'plosiion whom
ii- felt the crash. He characterized it
as a burs ling, ret 1 di ng, a nd. crashing
sound, or roar of immense volume.
Sauget! y metallic in its character. In
was succeeded by a metiaiilio sound,
pindbalbly of falling debris, a trembling
and 1 up. hing motion of the .vessel, then
am impression of ?ii'bsidet"^?>?ilS?t*iende?i
by an eclipse'of efectrie tig., a? and in?
tense darkness, within th'e-Scalbin., He
.knew immediately that the Maine had
blown uip and tlaiat she was sinking.
?A'.?r scion as he arilved' on d<eck ?orvtirlea
were ordered placed about the ship
and .the forworn! magazine flooded if
practicable. Then caime fa'imt cries and
he saw dimly white fliKating bodies in
the water. But.it s were at once ordered
lowered 'but only two were found
ava.lt.iblc. the gig and tthe whale boat.
They were 1'owored and manned by
officers and men tund by the captain's
direction's they li ft the ship amid assist?
ed in slaving the wounded jointly with
oilier baits that bad arrived on the
scene. 'Fire amidships was by this
lime burning il<ree'ly and the spare
aiiuim utii'tii ti in i'he 'pilot house was ex?
ploit:.,'. 'At ibis time Lieutenant Co.ra
mati ler W.-iinwiligtit whispered to the
ciaiptain tlliat lie thought the lO-iiintth
magazine forward bad been thrown up
int.. th.- burnin'g mass and might ex?
plode.; any time. Everybody was then
directi 1 to g.'t into the b-.nts over the
"tern, wiln.eh was doirne, the < op. ". ti get?
ting lin'lo the gig and thiein proceeding
to t'he " City ..It" Washington," wbe.it
lie found the wounded in tlhe dining
sal.i Mm carefully attended .to toy
tlic otilcei?' and crew of the vessel.
'Various Spanish officials came on
.board and expriss-i d sytutiHilby und sor?
row for tlhe accident. The ivpnesenta
,'lwes of General Xtlamoii and of the
adtmiral of the 'station were among tin
Spanish officials who temdered their
respects. 'Almut S4 or 85 men were
found that night who survived. In re?
ply to the direct question <>f whether
any of the magazinier or shell rooms
were blown up the captain said it was
extremely diflleult to cosme to any com
dlusiion. The centre of tlhe explosion
was Ibenearh and a little'forward of the
conning tower on the ixwt side. In the
region Of the eenfre nur axis of tlhe ex
plo?ion. was the 6-inoh reserve maga
zine.iwhii-lli contained very little powder,
about three hundred pounds. The 10
inch magazine was in the stume general
region, but on t'he stanboaid side. Oven
tin- 10-Inch magazine in the loiding
room ;of the turret and in the adjoining
passage a number of 10-inch shells
weire penmanen-tily placed. Aecord?nig
to Captain Sigsbee it would be difficult
to eom*eive the explosion in.v.i'ivenl in
the 10-iiKSli magazine, because
oif the ioeation of the explosion and
that no report shows that any 10-inch
sluellls 'wore hurled into Ohe air bectaiuse
of t'he explosion.
iHie siaTxl the discipline of the ship
was excellent. 'In the engineer's de
partmenf the vorsel was always ready
and always responsive, die i<aid a t-rlib
ute to the crew and said that a quieter,
better natured I<d. of m>"n he 'ha<l never
seen oh board o.f any vessel on which
he had seiwed.
.Captain Sigsbee said that the highest
temperature he <s?ild renneimber was
112, but that was in the after magazine,
tihe temperatiiTo in the forward niag
i.i.zin.e.s being cows id o nab ly lower.
Tlliere was no loose powder kept in
.the .magazine. All the coal bunkere
Wei* ventilated through laiiir tubes exam
lined weekiy by the chief engineer, and
?ware conniKrted e'lec'tricalily to the an
ii'u ni-i'a'ior near bis cabin door. Tthe
forward cool bunker on the port side
was full. The forwaird ooiail bunker
?on the s'tarboturd side was half full,
and it was being used at the time of
i'apt'iiin Sigsbee gave as his opinion
that if ciatul bunker "A 16" had been so
?hot as to be dangerous to the six inch
?Werve rr.aigazine that this condition
would have been shown on three sides
whiere the bunker was exposed and
that men constantly passing to amd fro
l>y it would have necessarily noficed
the undue heat.
Captain Sigsbee was examined asi to
't'he aiimm unit ion' on ibioard the Maiine.
die stated that there were no explosives,
gun cotton, detonators or other Tniate
rla'l in .magazines or she'll rooms whrcih
?the negulia'Won 'prohibited. He testlfled
?tihat no war heads had been placet!
on to:'i>edoes since he had comima.mil
of the ship.
Tln-sign 'W. V. N. Toweilson iwevs called
the tiKtrd day Kit the court. (He tei-iti
fied that he had been ipresjent on the
iMtaiine every day fi-oim .the arr'ival of
the Fern und during ia. great deal of
Im reply to a oiuestiom. 'to tell, the
j (CoTrtinued on fottrtth pass.)
President Reviews the Maine
A MILD-TONED DOCUMENT
The Executive DoexNot t'enait Himself to
l>uul>t That Spain Will Take I'ro
per Action In Keference
to tlie Matter.
WASUMXCTOiN, (March 2S.?The Pres?
ident today sent the 'foltlowiscg message
"To the Congress of 'the United
'lFor some 'time prior .to the visit at
the '.Maine to Havana. harbor our ooniiiu
rur retpresentaiOrve pointed ou>t the ad?
vantages to How from Uhe visit of na?
tional simps to the Cuban waters, in ac?
customing tlie people to the presence of
our Hag its the symbol of good will and
..I' our ships in the fulfillment of t'he
mission of protection to American in?
terests, even though no immediate need
therefor might exist.
"Accordingly, on the 24th of January
last, after conference with the Spanish
m'lhisler, in Which renewal of waits of
our war vessels to 'Spanish wateis was
discuss,d and accepted, the peninsular
authorities at Madrud and Havana were
advised uf the purpose of this govern
meut to resume friendly naval visits
at Cuban ports and that in that view
the Maine would forthwith call at the
port of iHuvana.
?.This announcement was received hy
the Spanish govtrnmeat with apprecia?
tion of the friendly character of the
visit of the Maine and with notification
o?. intention to return the courtesy .by.
s. ndng Spanish ships to the principal
ports of the United States. Mean?
while 'the Maine entered the port of Ha?
vana on the 2f>th of January, her ar?
rival being marked with no spi-eial in?
cident besides the exchange of eusto.
maty salutes and ceremonial visits.
"The Alaine continued in the harbor
of Havana during the three weeks fol?
lowing -her arrival. No appreciable ex.
ci'toment attended her stay; on the
con wary, a feeling of relief and confi?
dence followed the resumption of the
long interrupted friendly intercourse.
So noticeable was this immediate effect
of her visit that the consul general
strongly urged that the ^Xresence of our
ships in Culban waters should be kept
up .by retaining the Maine at Havana,
or, in the event of her recall, by sending
another vessel there to take her place.
"At forty minutes past nine on the ev?
ening of the ilSt'h of February the
Maine was destroyed by an explosion toy
iwhfieh the entire feirward part olf the
ship was utterly wrecked, in this ca?
tastrophe two officers and two hundred
and sixty-four of her crew perished,
those who were not killed outright by
her explosion being penned between
dooitCT iby me taugte ot wreckage ana,
drowned by the immediate sinking of '?
"Prompt assistance was rendered toy
the neighboring vessels anchored in the
harbor, aid being especially given by
the boats of the Spanish cruiser Al
phonsd XII and the Ward Line steamer
City of Washington, which lay not far
distant. Tlie .wounded were generously
cared for by the authorities of Havana,
the hospitals being freely opened to
them, while the- earliest recovered bod?
ies of the dead were interred by the
municipality in a public cemetery in the
city. Tributes of grief and sympathy
were offerid from all official quarters
of I he island.
"The appalling calamity fell upon the
people of our countty with' crushing
force, and for a brief time an intense
excitement prevailed which in a com?
munity less just and self-controlled
than ours might have led to hasty acts
of blind resentment. This spirit, how?
ever, soon gave way to the calmer pro?
cesses of reason and to the resolve to
investigate the facts' ana await material
proof bel'ore forming a judgment as to
the cause, the responsibility and if the
facts warranted, the remedy due. This
course necessarily recommended Itself
flrom the outset to the executive, for
onlji in the light of a dispassionately
j ascertained certainty . ould be deter?
mined the nature and measure of its
full duty in the matter.
"The usual procedure was followed as
in all cases of casualty or disaster to
national vessels of any maritime state.
A naval court of inquiry was- at once
organized, composed of officers well
qualified by rank and practical expe?
rience te> discharge the onerous duty
imposed upon them. Aided by a strong
fo:ce of wreckers and divers, the court
?p: oeeeded to make a thorough in.vesti
gatiem on the spot, employing every
available means for the impartial and
exact determination of the causes of
the explosion. Its operations havt been
cenCluded with the utmost deliberation
and judgment and, while independently
pursued, no source of information was
neglected, and the fullest appo.-tualty
was allowed for a simultaneous investi?
gation by the Spanish authorities.
"The finding of the court of inquiry
was reached after twenty-three days of
continuous labor, on the 21st of March,
I ir.stant. and having been approved on
the 22nd by the commander-in-chief of
the United States naval force of the
Xorth Atlantic station, was transmitted
to the executive.
'Tt is herewith laid before the Con?
gress, together with the voluminous
t, sti.mony taken before the court.
"Its .purport is. In brief, as follows:
" "When rhe Maine arrived at Havana
she was conducted by the regular gov?
ernment pilot to buoy (No. 4, to which
she was moored in from five and one
half to six fathoms of water.
" "The state of discipline on board
and the condition of her magazines,
bailers, coal bunkers and storage com?
partments are passed in review, with
the conclusion that excellent order pre?
vailed and that no indication .f any
cause feu- an internal explosion existed
in. any quarter.
" 'At S o'clock in the evening of Feb?
ruary 15th everything had been reported
secure and everything was quiet.
" 'At 'forty minutes past nine o'clock
the vessel was suddenly destroyed.
" 'There were two distinct explosions,
with a brief interval be'.ween them.
The first lifted the forward par: of the
ship very pr. ceptiiblv; the second, which
was more open, prolonged and of great?
er volume, is attributed by the court to
the partial explosim of two cr mor" of
the forward nmgi'. 'i s.
"'T:v* evidence of t'e d'v.rs ed'-b
Hshes that the after part of the ship
was practically intact and sank in that
condition a very few minutes after the
explosion. The forward part was com?
pletely demolished'. Upon the evidence
of a concurrent external cause rhe find?
ing of the court is as follows:
" 'At frame 17 the outer shell of the
ship, from a point eleven and one-half
feet from the middle line of the ship
and six feet above the keel when In lta
inormal position, has liefen forced up so
as to t>e now about four teet above tha
surface of the water; therefore about
(Continued on y<yurtfi P?se.)