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title: 'Daily press. (Newport News, Va.) 1896-current, April 12, 1898, Image 1',
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VOL III, NO. 83.
NEWPORT NEWS, VA.. TUESDAY; APRIL .12. 1898
IT THE CA!
Mayor W. A. Post Opens the
HALL A SCENE OF GAIETY
Even Jupiter PIuvIuh Could Mot Ki'rp tin
People Away Last Night. Ki-ery
thiug fromMtutc Uoiru to
:t Forluue Wlieel.
The Elk's tfuir.
Th<? doors of Ulli? ICStBlno 'were thrown
open to the public last uiisrhi ot 8 o'clock
Mayor W. A. Post dellivered a short
address, after iwhiclh t*e orchestra
struck uip a lively ulr. and th,u uhe
hazaair, given und.er the lauspioes of
-\ewpont INeiws Dodge. Nu. 315, ' B P
O'Eti'ks. for the benefit of the ehoritiy
fund, 'was 'inutugu rated to run etigh't
'Inside the scene rwas one <o>f gayety.
There ?wats a bhreaiig of humanity Biurig
knig 'from plaice to placv. iPixxn uhe gail
?ery tresotwidwl sweet stra?iis of arousfe,
whiMe 'from a corner ou'me 'Uhe chatter
oif 'One "'faklre" urging iby-sitcun'ders ui
tiry their tuck on tlhe fortune ij*?!,
whiieih, instead' of having
the red, White anil Ib'lue anj^-fne lucky
star 'green that paid- fiveJtfr one, there
?were the notifies of th??'vaiSous candi- j
dotes for tihelinuniil^j^m otlices and "Lit?
tle Outoa." Tt^Tj^slfere -were the Ibootilis,
'Ohe room betrug divided lin'to a g
<kpo!rt-me<nt store, where ?my-rhi ojr an
be purchased from, a. paiper tut pins tu j
a lot dm Batst 'End. lAnd there is a post
offlce, at which a. ifeTO?iW can get [
a letter from h'is be.-t girl. The decora?
tions, ?wihi'eh were dieseriht-d in Sunday's j
Daily 'Press, make the halli a fairy land
of'beauty. There are but three colors?j
fed, 'white and' blue. These are grace
tf uiily and art ist ica i ly entwined about title
boot hs aniVPpijilaas
??Th? r?H^nr?i?iy" that attended uhe oii>en- ]
ting wus i-i'iniple. I.Mr. J. A. HiinsM>ei-g,
acting os ohu'iirniun, rapped the crowd
to order wild then introduced Mayor
W. A. Post. iWlhem 'the aippiause died
aiwa.y his exceMt-mc-y. 'in a brief adduvs?
laud'irog the order of Elk* for its deeds
olf charity, declared the bazaar opened
for 'business und pleasure. There ntxu
a round oi? applause, and then the 'fair
was on in earnest. (From that hour
umitifli lite in the might, 'notwithstanding
the fact that Jupi'teir Piuvius wais in. an
ugly mood "and otectassionialty let loose
a handful of elements just to show
taiat he was dornig 'business at the old
stand, o. streaim of people poured in
and out oif the 'building, showing that
the puhlie is interested in the fair that
is being held for a -worfhy cause.
Here is a :ust of 'uhe 'bwtihs, together
?with the ladaeto in ch-arge- of each:
?BCBCatEtAai^Mr* G. W.-'N'Ci'ms.a?Sist&a
"by IMtis. Mausen Curtis, 'Alms. L. B.
?Reynold*. Misses Na:n Cooke, Clemen'Ce
(Cooke, Mattiie ISint|un, CaiMe Stotoik,
Orella Binns, Vivian Binns, Florence
Dindsey. Lulu Braxton, Fannie Da
"eis; Miss Trollnger, Fannie \\i11ock,
Mary Jiser, Lulu Edmonds. Katie
FLOWERS?Mrs. E. C. Hillyer, as?
sisted by -Mrs. H. B. B.viiey. Mrs. J. L.
Street, Miss Florence Jennings.
ART GALLERY?Mrs. M. W. Ten?
ant, assisted by Mrs. John Lowery and
TEA, COFFEE AND CHOCOLATE
?Mrs. Jessie Elliott, assisted by Mrs.
Norton and Mrs. Drew.
'POST OFFrCE?IMrs. J. K. Corss and
Mrs. Brumiley. asi-lstcl by Mist os Anm.e
Newti.n and Bessie S-nl'iigfeld.
FANCY TABLE?Mrs. C. II. Bryan,
assisted by Mrs. T. 1'. Sammons, Mrs..
J. M. Saunders, Misses Nannie Smith,
Mamie Rowbottom, Laura Gildner,
Jennie Eastman. Ida Gildner. Nellie
Widigeon. Goode Ander^wn. Annie Flou?
ry. Lena and Gertie Didlake.
CONFECTIONERY-Mrs. Al Gild?
ner, assisted by Mrs. Jas. Rowbottom,
Mrs. Tilde Rowbottom. Mrs. Win.
Caskev, Mrs. Wm. Stow. Mrs. Win.
Quigley. Mrs. M. T. V. Doughty, Mrs.
?P-PSM POND?Mrs. G. 'M.i Tmedans't and
Miss Ida Crossley. assisted by Misses
LiKzie Read. Emma Rowbottom.
LEMONADE?Mrs. A. V. Dillon,
Miss Carrie Davis.
(CIGARS?Mrs. M. N. Righter. as?
sisted by Mrs. John Roberts and Miss
LUNCH?Mrs. Jas. Hughes, Mrs.
Haley, Mrs. Carruthers, Mrs. Wal?
COUNTRY STORE?Mrs. Jas. T.
Mover anfci Mrs. R. C. Drew, assisted by
M'isses Annie J?> und Lmise Go-.Win.
Following are the nights the various
organizations will attend in bodies:
Tuesday?Commanche Tribe. No. 73,
Independent Order of Red Men.
Wednesday?Warwick Lodge. No.
72, Knights of Pythias, and Newport
News Lodge, No. !)2, Independent Or?
der of Odd Fellows.
Thursday?This is the night set
aside for the Elks and the lodges from
Norfolk, Portsmouth, Berkley and
Hampton will be in attendance.
Friday?Ancient Order of Hibern- I
Saturday?There will be a musical
'Monday? iRoyiail Arcawu-m. -Hitnt iragton 1
'Rifles and Peninsula Guard!*.
Tuesday?Liberty Fire Company,
No. 1, and local hose companies.
'Fo'IHowfeig are the officers of the la?
dies' or.im'mit'tee to wlho-e efforts the siuc
ceee of the fair is in a. large measure
Mrs. Fred Read, president; Mrs.
William T. Hopkins, secretary; Mrs.
D. C. Asby, treasurer.
The Elks' committee is made up as
W. T. Hopkins, P. E. R.. chairman;
H. W. Barnes. E. R.. treasurer; C. R.
Williams. E. L. K.. secretary; D. C.
Ashby. C. H. Bryan, A. V. Dillon, T.
JT. Pitzpatrick, M. A. Hickey. D. V.
Iseman. W. H. L. Kent. R. J. Maekov,
A. A. Meyers. V. B. Barclay. J. ?.
Neeley. Leon Strnnso. J. E. Williams,'
A. E. G. Klor, P. J. 'Mai's1*T.
One of the <nw?i ?ittmactsive places is
the art fpallery, iwlhtah in charge of
Mrs. W. W. Terana-ivt. 'Here for a'dime
one is perm'iitte<l to g>aze on laving pic?
tures, Wfe-size an'd 1'i'fe-lTke.
Several! votlinig 'Contests' were opened
last ni'ght. To 'the mo?t p.ipulair Elk
a. handtiome ?v?hl emlblem oif the o.rder
?wtiiW 'be aiwa'rtled. So far t'he leadiing
carnKVitaties? are -Mr. D. C. Atsliby and
Mr. J. G. Ivatirner.
To the most tpoipular lady a:n EcKipse
bicycle, donated t*y 'Mr. P. G. Kipper,
wiW 'be given. The leo'ding candiidaites
are Mrs. 'R. J. Miackey and iMiisis
To the most poipuliar girl a &tomjer
tuicyole, dbraaited toy Mr. P. P. Maiguine,
will toe t'^'senite'd. 'Among the candii?
daites are M-i'.-'ses Bessie Hughes, Bessie
Waltomi and Anniie 'Brooks.
One of the most liwterestllmig" contests
"Wii'U .be over the miayormlty candidates.
Tih'ere are tlvrete?Dr. Joseph Clhanles,
Dr. Carter'Perkins and Mr. A. A. Mss?
?and' 'the one ?rotei'Vinsr tlhe hitghest rami
?"ber kvf votes iwli'lil 'be ipreseroted with n
?handisome ooimlbinaition cane and uan
It WiiM aJlso toe detenmiined 'Who Is the
most ipoipuilaa- iflremaav and t?te "laiddiie"
?Wiho (receives .the hlighes?it eumter of
ii'ii.oivlki and cunt.
The boys to -the Hunibtogtioai rfbiiftes
? nave an opportunity to "ibknw"
tihemi elves, for a 'i>rize?salver mount-d
ca.'if-Jis offered for -the -most popular
?nreni'ber ot that orfcraniizoitiibin.
Tie- tyiiw) -is 'brilliantly i'llum-inat.-d
t>y t-iitv;li-.oii>y. fun- tlhv fro nit -fucing
Weist avenue electric bulbs 'haw been
aiirawged so au- *v> 'Kinn file letters
"E L, K S," satd ehe sign can be read
?firoiin :t,ny section of the city. This ?ig?
was ainranged as a wrnprfee for ehe -Elks
ay the Fewinisulu aa tee trie Eight and
There are many tWihgs at tlhe Casino
to d'Mure the palMic. It is just the (place
for the 'fellow wlho was born under a
Rioky sitar or for the ifeWaw who has ha-d
a black eat to www his jxit'h on a
dark uvght. iftur ho is likely -to diuw
Tihere is but one thing- -lacking ait tlhe
SI'AMSII SUJ1' IS POUT.
C'iiptalli of the Vi-hrcI Talks Against War
Willi This Country.
There wan a Spuri-feh stestunsihiji In
port vest'erday. I; .was tlhe PaJemtimo,
oif-which iC'eptairh Allua.ucoe is th.- mas?
ter, a-nkl coime 'here Prom Galveston
to repten-1-s.h Hier coall bunkers before
ril.irtl.n-s -.ii 'h.-r voyage to I.iverpoml
with a can-go .if gu-wi'n <wiU cotton.
The Pn-temdno an-ivod early Sunday
morrawg an 1 was mooreu atonigside coal
?pier No. 2. -When the ship 'poseed the
fiylnig sfi'iindron ait Old Poi'nt Caiptaii-n
Ai-labuco-e diiuped his colors to Com?
modore Sclhtey's Hug end-, the solute w.ie
?returned. '-That's a foi inid.i.ble fleet vt\
siii-ps." said the #kip-|..-r o'f the SipamSSh
TOe-rcih'antimaji so a reporter for the
Daily Press in .-peakinig of the Haimiptoth
RoavlB sfiua-duyn, "ami they teem to b?|
realdy for a light. Jiut -there should be
no war. "Wiiy let ,i fetw i>olitii-i?r.s in
this country jtnd iEsipania preoilpi'tate Slit
two flwerrfnient's in war? it b- a spec
utaitnve scheme with them. See the
millions of doliiars tflvat -have Ix-en made
i:i the lusi! few -w.-.ks. By when? Why.
the -poiii A-.aus who are crying for wair.
? War Is a (ifiadiful thing. The poor
4taA*.o to bean- the bru-::t off it iwlrilte the
tlhe rich continue llie-ir imon-.-y-making.
W>ho but the ipooir men go to the front
anU 'bare their breasts to Uhe fury of
Shot and .-ii:.-:;? I tell you war is awful,
aii-d -th-e Christ'i'ain-i'ty that is unable to
prevent it is unworthy of the -name.
"I kiv.iw eliUi there are persons in rhi
country who wan-: war. and I know chat
there ii- am element in Espaniia who
want war, but I dow't think ibloodthi-rs
fcy dwir-s will 'be gratified', for there
\k ? too many conservative ipeoiple in1
both countries to prevent it.
Tiie .Pal-ecilliho weighed anchor yes
tt-idl.iv morni.--.-g at 11 o'clock ami steadi?
ed '?km-n Hainipton Roads. Yesterday
:i if-t ertv - ? n a report becdime current titrat
th-- f:. :-?:!?.??:- eoHi'ded with the battte
sh ;;> .Ma.-.-.o-iuis its. but it was -without
dir. Wiiil-i'aim Giltette is nww without
doubt Aimeri-ca's mos-i successful play
wpjgtht. He ih-i.1! writ-ten more genuine
successes* t'han any o?her mam alive. His
"SeereL Service" is tilte reigrui-ns t-uo
<*e'ss oif tiwo <xin't:inen'ts, a tad liiis "The
TYiva-le ?Stri.-re'taTy** Ullat? occui>ie? the
?proud VIis-tinotion for sixteen years of
?be'lnsr t.he linc-st o>:n-cdy ever wiritten.
"The Pi-iv-ane Secretairy" is Mr. G/i'l
ii-tte's mastetpiece. It wais a numbur
of years ago ?inv-e the 'weak ajvd sane-,
timonlous seore-uaii-v iirst a-i)-peared with
?life nJU-iisUiment. -his golo.-shts a-ud his
gixids ain'd clha'tties. Tod.uy. or any other
ila-v pe-rj.',.. oin'.inu.. to ilcs-k to the
Wveatre everywhere ??'Pie.- Privat? Sec?
retary" is invavr.toi to s.-.: tin- soime
in.-, k in'divid'iiai, v\ i'.-li -tes same nourish
?:n..-K. his golosihes and .his g.Ksls and |
?>-at:?!??*. auvd ..'si'-n to und laugh at hi
g the sixte
SB l?W I'lee.
it it 11 : i ' l n : .M>
se was issueU
iliss Louise Munyon. of Berkley, is
visiting the .Misses Carpenter in Bast
End. ' '
'.Mr. J. I.. Ttvdo and family left yes
terdtuy morning for Portsniout'li, where
iihey "will reeidte in the future.
.Miss Sadie Cruikshank. of Ashland,
is the guest of Miss Maynard, on
Misses Bonnie and Besssie Keeth, of
Manchester, are visiting Miss Bertha
Bonner, on West avenue.
Mrs. W. II. Cooke returned last ev?
ening from Staunton, whither she was
called last week by the illness of a rel?
?MS*-; 'Mary Fultz. daughter of Mayor
A. -H. F-ti'ltz, o.f Staunt on, Vx, is uhe
truest of -Mrs. \W. iH. Cooke, on West
Professor A. W. Hawks addressed
the men's meeting at the T. M. C. A.
a'ti 4 o'clock Sunday atftermtovjm. Hiis
subject was "Intemperance."
The Business Men's Association will
meet in regular session in the Braxton
building tonight, when the election of
a secretary will take place.
Mr. Peter Skinner, of Chester, Pa.,
is 'the guest of Mr. H. l->. Carney, in
North End. Mr. Skinner will soon ac?
cept a position in the shipyard.
Mr. and Airs. John Thompson, who
have been visiting Mrs. Henry Little
-.fis- uhe past twv> weeks, left Sunday
niiglit for lihenr home i.n Waslhiimigton.
iPatroilman 'R. J. Charles returned
Sunday from Grove, York county,
where he went last Monday to attend
tlhe funerail of has mother, who died
there last Sunday.
Mr. and Mrs. John W. Foreman, of
Eynchburg. who have been visiting
Mr. and Mrs. Clark, on Thirty-fourth
street, left yestetrkkuy (for Norfolk where
theiy iwii'l'l -visit relatives.
?Mr. Harry Wesiticiott received a. tefle
gri,:n Sunday ainnkmnci.nig -the death
of MV> if ifJh'eir at hii- old ?iome i'n Camden.
N. J. He l-i'.ft la's-t might to be present
at th^ 'funeral.
I>r. H. .M. Smith left yesterday after?
noon to a tend uhe funeral of (hiis grand
mo'lher. Mrs-, ?llaingaret Eocklame, who
dli'ed Sunday ever.liimg ait Asth'lanid. He
?will .t>e a'b-e-nt until Weiinesdiay.
Mr. F. J. McDonald, private secre?
tary to Tvlr. Sommers N. Smith, form?
erly superintendent of the Newport
News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock
Ooimipahiy. wKii leave th'ii* mornong for
I Phi lad., ill item. .Mr. McDonald wiiilil con?
tinue art the oMpaioityi of pirimte
secretary to Mr. Smith at the Neafie
& Bevy shipyard, in which Mr. Smith
now owns the controlling interest. The
office employes of the shipyard pre?
sented Mr. McDonald with a hand?
somely bound set of Dickens' Works.
Twenty dollars for one. Cull on
Perkins, Dirra-an & Co. Now is the
time to invest, apr-5-2w
Twenty dollars for' one. Call on
Perkins, Duncam & Oo. Now IS tine
time to invest. apr-6-2w
How the tireat Church FentUnl Was Ot>
serveU.ln Newport New?.
'Sunday was a typical A'pril day. Olhe
tickle "month sustained its reputation
for fickleness, but aiffer all it was a
pretty 'Easter. Old Sol unfolded h*m
scl'f iwiUh the radiance of a burstings
i-un'iiower. Them- clouds swept across
lv:s 'beaim-in.tr face and for awhile it look- i
ed as if they 'would Ibe marred by th'e
elements. There twos a 'light shower
about H o'clock, but after that the
curtain that 'hid the sun roiled oisiide
'and an- ideal dory was hail. As "all the
world's u stage" the ladies had the op?
portunity Sunday to scrutinize each
other's finery and criticize the tastes
Large congregations attended the ser?
vices held at the churches and in song
a nd cairo'l the story oif the risen Lord '
wais 'heralded. Fivm the puiipit. in eio- I
uuent language, the story was aaso
told. The predominant thought, life after
death, was appropriately symbolized
in the flowers which adorned the altar
?and I he sanctuary. Tending their pure
fragrance and 'beauty to make the fes?
tival truly the echo of the shout of
victory issuing from the tomb uis the
tiiiuniiphant Savior, after h'is agony and
suffering, to sunder tile veil separating
man from his maker.
A KlNiNER AND H I'S PllaAATEiR.
Rev. Thomaisj J. 'MacKay, pastor of
file Second Buiptiiit ohurch, selected hi*
evening text from 'Luke 18:13?"God -be
mere'iifui to nie a sinner." Mr. MacKay
said, in part:
""Phe surroundings of the text were in
the city Of Jerusalem. The scene was '
in the temple, the pride of tile Jews,
and 'the wonder of the 'would, il have
lib 'doubt that Jesus, when he saw the
throng going- Into the temple trusting
only in the performance of the act of
sacrifice for their justification before
God, tihu't He pictured' the two men
going into the temple.
'The 'ixkw publican standing afar otT
would not to much as lift his eyes
heavenwoird, 'but smote Ms breast say?
ing: 'Lord, he merciful to me a sin?
ner.' 1 tell you that ihumrble proiyer
moved- all heaven. I think 1 see the
gates o'fl heaven and a poor sinner
standing lcntockiing and cryi'nlg: 'God,
be 'merciful to me a sinner.' and 'the
re-echo of that voice for mercy rings
through ihe olsuiiliers of heaven. I
hea r <i voice within: T come not to call
the righteous but sinners to repentance.'
and the redeemed' of God tune their
h irps ??.new. and the gates tiwing back?
mercy pleaded, a sinner saved.
""We shall be judged for the sins done
in the body. Very well. Can sin enter
heaven'? iNo. Then what is the differ?
ence? You spend' two-third's of your
life doing all the good you can and
ore-third in sin. tvVill you not need
the blood of Christ'." 'See a prison.
At the Washington Avenue Methodist
church, Rev. 'Bernard F. Liipseomb
pveaicbed an interesting sermon on uhe
'^Resurrection." Spee:ail Eatster music ,
mas rendered by the well traine.l choir;
a'B tooth services. In the evening the
feature of the musical prograim was a;
solo 'by 'Mrs. Wentwarth. with violin j
oiblOgato by Pnolfesi-or Anderson.
IRev. Father Charles E. T>>r.ai!ioe. pas- !
tor of St. Vincent's Catholic church, |
preaiahed on uhe "Resurrection" at 10:30
o'clock Sundoiy morning. Sxiecjal music
was rendered. j
lAt the First (Baptist church. Rev. C.
C Oox took as his subject, "If a Man
D-ie, Shall He Live Again?" and;
preached a sermon appropriate to ulie |
Rev. 10. T. Weil-ford preached on the
subject "'Easter and Calvary" at the
First Prestoytenitai church in the
.morning and "Shall There 'Be a Resur- i
recuon" in the the evening. The ape- !
yiail 'Mister program of music will be i
i-apeated next Sunday momit-.g and
"The Relation oif Christ's iResmrrec- j
tion to Immortality." was the subject |
of Rev. W. 'R. Motley's sermon at the j
Thirtieth Street Christian church Sun- j
Rev. J. Francis Ribble, pastor of St. |
Raul's 'Episcopal church, preached on ;
"Rei tirrectuon" in the morning. In j
the evening- Rev. Mir. Ribble conducted
services at 'Morrison'is.
. Rev. M. S. Colonna, Jr., pa-eached a j
special Easier sermon at the Chestnut ?
Av-.mie MetlhodCst church Sunday morn?
ing. Prof. A. W. Hawks conducted the
evening service-, delivering a lecture on j
" Happiness." I
(Rev. ,T. K. Shenk, the Lu't'horaai di- I
vine of Norfolk, conducted 'Easter ser- I
vices at the Thirtieth Street Christian
church Sundav afternoon at 4 o'clock.
RELIGIOUS MEETING THIS WEEK
Protracted meetings will be held
every night this week at the Washing?
ton Avenue Methodist Church, Rev.
Bernard F. Lipscomb, pastor.
'Rev. Mr. Lipscomb 'Will he a-.sisted by
Rev. E. T. Dadimun'd. pastor of the
High Street ?Methodist church, Peters?
Protracted meetings at the Wash?
ington Avenue church are always at?
tended by overflowing congregations
and the services to be held this week
will be no exception to the rule.
The electric lights were out for a
few minutes early last evening, caused
by an entanglement oif the telephone
wires with the wire 'carrying the cur?
rent from the power-house.
"Burglar* Frightened Off.
'An attempt was made at 12 o'clock
hast night by burglars to effect an en?
trance into IMr. Jacob's ^rtafe, at the
corner o't" Lafayette avjwtue and Twen
?ty-fuor.tih street, .buir^ilr. Jacob heard
the noise WDf&jBtrvo the alarm, which
?frightened rliV*1hleves off. 'Sanitary Of?
ficer ?<-'. J. Pa'gett inspected Uhe store
ain'.l 'P'l-eimlises, but couild discover no
elm- to the tourglairs.
Sent on to the Grand .Jury.
E. Matthews was in the police com t
yesterday morning on the charge of as
saultlng Robert Ciiurter on coal pier No.
Carter accused Matthews of hitting
him in the head with an hon pin. in?
flicting an ugly wound in his head.
Tlie scrap was caused by a heated
argument about a quarter which Mat?
thews said Carter owed him. Both
men were arrested by Mr. J.' G. Lali
Justice BrownLaftor hearing the evi?
dence in the case, 3ont Matthews to
jail to await the action al the grand
jury of the Corporation Court next
The following cases were disposed of
by Justice Brown in the police court
yes terda y niormi ng:
Daniel McGinniam, Sam Carter and
John Tinsley, each charged with
drunkenness, fined $2 and costs.
Madeline Jones, charged with lar?
ceny, was sentenced to Serve three
months in jail.
Sue Cunningham, disorderly conduct,
fined $3 and costs.
Tom Williams, disorderly, continu?
Robert Carter, disorderly, continued.
E. Matthews, assault, sent to tlie
iPor Easter dinner dessert yon can
find nnthtng better than J:iesh Straw?
berry Ice Cream made by -the -Newport
!Bakery and Ctonfectionery Co.,
3020 Washington avenue. aj?r9-lt,
PRESIDENT 'S MESSAGE!
Historu oi tue .Cuban war Reviewed
Waiting roliGu oltne fldmlnlstrationto Continue
a Little Longer.
POSITION ON THE MAINE DISASTER
Spain Indirectly, if Not Directly, Rcsponsi
Executive Asks for Authority to Use the Forces of the
United States in His Discretion. His Reasons
for Opposing the Recognition of
ble for the Explosion.
(By Telegraph.) (
WASHINGTON. April 11.?The Pres?
ident today sent the following mes
sage to the Congress of the United
?'Obedient to that precept of the con?
stitution which commands the Presi?
dent to give from time to lime to the
Congress informal ion of the sla te of
the union, and to recommend to their
consideration -such measures as he
shall judge necessary and expedient,
it becomes my duty now to address
your body with regard to the grave
crisis that has arisen in the relations
of the United States to .Spain by rea?
son of the warfare that for more than
three years lias raged in rtie neighbor?
ing island of Cuba. 1 do so because
of the intimate connection of the Cu?
ban question with the state of our own
union and the grave relation the
course which u is now incumbent upon
the nation to adopt must needs bear
to the traditional policy of our gov?
ernment if it is to aeci.nl with the
precepts laid down by the founders of
the republic aid religiously observed
by succeeding administrations to the
"The present revolution is but the |
successor of other similar insurrec?
tions which have occurred In Cuba j
against the dominion of Spain, extend?
ing over a period of nearly half a cen- i
tury. each of w hich, during its prog- I
ress, has subjected the United States I
to great effort and expense in enfore- j
ing its neutrality laws, caused eiior- !
nious losses to American trade and
commerce, caused irritation, annoy- j
mice and disturbance among our oiti- i
Zens and by the exercise of cruel, bar- !
barons and uncivilized practices of i
warfare, shocked the sensibilities and
offended the humane sympathies of
OUR TRADE INJURED.
"Since the present revolution began
in February. 1895. this country has
seen the fertile domain at our thresh?
old ravaged by fire and sword in the
course of a struggle unequalled in the
history of the island and really unpar?
alleled as to the number of the com?
batants and the bitterness of the con?
test by any revolution of modern times
where a dependent people, striving to
be free, have been opposed by the
power of the .sovereign state. Our
people have beheld a once prosperous
rommunity reduced to comparative
want, its lucrative commerce virtual?
ly paralyzed, its exceptional product?
iveness diminished. its Melds laid
waste, its mills in ruins and its people
perishing by tens of thousands from
hunger and destitution. We have
found ourselves constrained, in the
observance of that strict, neutrality
which our laws enjoin and which the
law of nations command, to police our
own waters and watch our own sea?
ports in prevention of any unlawful
act in aid of the Cubans. Our trade
lias suffered: the e?.; llal invested by
our citizens in Cuba has been largely
lost and the temper and forbearance
of our people have 1.n so sorely
tried as to beget a perilous unrest
among our citizens, which has inevit?
ably found its expression from time to
time in the national legislature, so
that issues wholly external to our own
body politic engross attention and
stand in the way of that close devo?
tion to domcstieo advancement that
becomes a self-contained common?
wealth whose primal maxim lias been
the avoidance of all foreign entangle?
ments. All this must needs awaken
and has indeed aroused the utmost:
concern on the par! of this govern?
ment, as well during my predecessor's
term as in mv own.
B A RBAROUS W A UFA P.E.
"In April. 189?. the evils from which
our country suffered through the Cu?
ban war became so onerous that my
predecessor made an effort to bring
about a peace through the mediation
of this government in any way that
might tend to an honorable adjust?
ment of the contest between Spain
and her revolted colony, on the'basis
of some effective scheme of self-gov?
ernment for Cuba under the flag and
sovereignty of Spain. Ii failed through
the refusal of the Spanish government
then in power to consider any form of
mediation or indeed any plan of set?
tlement which did not begin with the
actual submission of the insurgents to
the mother country, and then only on
such terms as Spain herself might see
lit to grant. The war continued una?
bated. The resistance of the insur?
gents was in nowise diminished. The
efforts of Spain were increased, both
by the disnntoh of fresh levies to
Tuba and by the addition to the tior
Irors of the strife of a new ami in?
human phase hnppily unprecedented
In the modern history of civilized
Christian peoples. The policy of de?
vastation ;ind concentration, Inaugu?
rated! by the captain general's band
of October 21. ISiiti, in the province of !
finatl del Itio, was thence extended to I
embrace all of the island I., which the ,
power of the Spanish arms was able
to reach by occupation or by military J
operation. The peasantry, including j
all dwelling in the open agricultural j
interior, were driven into the garrison j
towns or isolated places held by the
tro'oj?3. The raising and movement of
pro ..icions of all kinds w ere interdict?
ed. The fields were laid waste, dwell?
ings unroofed and tired, mills destroy?
ed, and in short everything that could
desolate the land and render it unlit
for human habitation or support, was
commanded by one ur the other of the
contending parlies, and executed by
all the powers at their disposal.
HORRORS OP CONCENTRATION.
"By tin.- time the present adminis?
tration look ..lliee a year ago. reeon
centration, so-called, had I.n made
effective over the belter par! of the
four central and western provinces
Santa Clara, Matnnzas. Havana and
PInar del ltio. The agricultural popu?
lation, to the estimated number of
1100.000 or more, w as herded within I he
towns and their immediate vicinage,
deprived of the means of support, ren?
dered destitute of shelter, left poorly
clan and exposed to the most unsan?
itary conditions As the scarcity of
f..od increased with the devastation of
tin' depopulated areas of production,
destitution and want became misery
and starvation. Month by month the
death rate increased in an alarming
ratio. By March. 1897, according to
eoservative estimates from official
Spanish sources, the mortality among
tile recuneeiit railos. frmn starvation
and the diseases incident thereto, ex?
ceeded HO per centum of their total
number. No practical relief was ac?
corded to the destitute. The over?
burdened towns, already suffering
from the general dearth, could give no
aid. So-called "zones of cultivation"
established within the immediate area
of effective military control about the
cities and fortified camps proved illu?
sory as a remedy for the suffering.
The unfortunates, being for the most
part women and children with aged
and helpless men. enfeebled by disease
and hunger, could not have tilled the
soil, without tools, seeds or shelter, for
their own support or for the supply of
the cities. Reconcentration. adopted
avowedly as a war .measure in order
to cut off the resources of the insur?
gents, worked its predestined result.
As I said in my message of last De?
cember, it was not civilized warfare;
it was extermination. The only peace
it could beget was that of the wilder?
ness and the grave.
CUBANS HOLD THEIR GROUND.
"Meanwhile, the military situation
in the island bad undergone a noticea?
ble change. The extraordinary activ?
ity that characterized the second year
of the war, when the insurgents in?
vaded even the hitherto unharmed |
fields of Pinar del Rio and carried
havoc and destruction up to the wails
of the city of Havana itself, had re?
lapsed into a doggeil struggle in the
central and eastern provinces. The
Spanish arms regained a measure of
control in Pinar del Rio and parts of
Havana, but, under the existing con?
ditions of the rural country, without
immediate improvement of their pro?
ductive situation. Even thus partially
restricted Hi.- revolutionists held their
own and their conquest and submis?
sion, nut forward by Spain as Hie es?
sential and sole basis of peace, seemed
its far distant as at the outset.
"In this state of affairs my adminis?
tration found itself confronted with
the grave problem of ils duly. My
message of last December reviewed
the situation and narrated the steps
taken with a view -to relieving its
ai uteness and opening the way to
some form of honorable settlement.
Tie- assassination of the prime minis?
ter. Canovas, id to.a change of gov?
ernment in Spain. The former admin?
istration, pledged to subjugation with?
out concession, gave place to that of a
more lib.-ral parly, committed long in
advance to a policy of reform involv?
ing (he wider principle of borne rule
for Cuba and Puerto Rico. The over?
tures of ibis government, made
through its new envoy. General tVood
Iford, and looking to an immediate .'ir.d
effective amelioration of the condition
of (ho island, although not accepted
to the extent of admitted mediation in
any shape, were met by assurances
Chat home rule. In nn advanced pb<ise,
would be forthwith offered to Cuba,
without waiting for the war to end.
and that more humane methods
should henceforth prevail In the con
duct of. hostilities. Coincidentally with
these declarations the new govern?
ment of Spain continued ami complet?
ed the policy already begun by its pre?
decessor of testifying friendly regard
Cor this nation by releasing American
citizens held under one charge or an?
other connected with the insurrection,
so that, by the end of November, not a
single person entitled in any way to
our national protection remained in a
All) FOR UECONCENTRADOS.
"While these negotiations wer.- in
progress the increasing destitution of
(ho reooucentrados and the alarming
mortality among thom claimed ear?
nest attention. The success which had
attended the limited measure of relief
extended to the suffering American
citizens among them by the judicious
expenditure through the consular
agencies of the money appropriation
expressly for their succor by the joint
resolution approved .May 24. 18117.
prom;,toil the humane extension of a
similar scheme of aid to the great
body of sufferers. A suggestion to
this end was acquiesced In by the
Spanish authorities. On the 24th of
December last, i caused to be issued
an appeal to the American people, in?
viting contributions in money or in
kind for the succor of the sufferers in
Cuba, following this on the Sth of
January by a similar public announce?
ment of the formation of a central
Cuban relief committee, with head?
quarters in New York City, composed
of three members representing the
American National Red Cross and the
religious and business elements of
the community. The efforts of that
committee have been untiring and
have accomplished much. Arrange?
ments for free transportation to Cuba
have greatly aided the charitable
work. The president of the American
Red Cross and representatives of
other contributory organizations have
generously visited Cuba and co-ope?
rated with the consul general and the
local authorities to make effective
distribution of the relief collected
through the efforts of the central com?
mittee. Nearly $200.000 in money and
supplies has already reached tlie suf?
ferers and more is forthcoming. The
supplies are admitted duty free and
transportation to the interior has been
arranged so that the relief, at first
necessarily confined to Havana and
the larjrer cities. Is now extended
through most, if not all. the towns
where suffering exists. Thousands of
lives have already been saved. The
necessity for a change in the condition
of die reconcentrndos is recognized by
II". Spanish government. Within a
few days past the orders of General
Weylor have boon revoked, the recon
centrados are. ii is said, to he permit?
ted lo return to their homes and
to resume the self-supporting pur?
suits of peace: public works have been
ordered to give thom employment and
a sum of se,,o.n |,ns been appropri?
ated for their rHtVT.
OVERTURES TO SPA 1N.
"j he war in < uba is ut such a na?
ture thai short of subjugation or ex?
termination a tinal military victory
lor either side seems impracticable.
The alternative lies in the physical ex?
haustion of the one or tlie other party,
or perhaps both?a condition which in
effect ended tlie ton years' war by the
Truce ut Zanjon. The prospect of
such a protraction and conclusion of
the present strife is a contingency
hardly to lie contemplated with equa?
nimity by the civilized world and least
of all l.y the United States, affected
and injured. :ls we ale, deeply and in?
timately by its very existence.
"Realizing this, it appears to lie my
duty, In a. spirit of true friendliness,
no less to Spain than to the Cubans
who have so much to los,, by the pro?
longation of the- snuggle, Lo seek to
tiring about as immediate termination
of the war. To this end 1 submitted,
os the JTtli ultimo, as a result of much
representation and correspondence,
through the United States minister at
.Madrid, propositions lo the Spanish
government looking to an armistice
until October 1st, for the negotiation
of peace with the good offices of the
"in addition 1 asked the immediate
revocation of the order of reconcentra
tion, so us to permit the people to re?
turn to their farms and the needy to
be relieved with provisions and sup?
plies from the United Stales, co-ope
rnLing with (lie Spanish authorities so
as to afford full relief.
The reply of the Spanish cabinet
was received on the night of the 31st
ultimo. It offers, as the means to
bring about pence in Cuba, to confide
tin. preparation thereof to the insular
parliament, inasmuch as the concur?
rence of Hint body would be necessary
to reach final result, it being, however,
understood (hat, the powers reserved
by the constitution to the central gov?
ernment are not lessened or diminish?
ed. As the Cuban parliament does not
meet until the -till of May next, the
Spanish government would not object,
for its part, to accept at once a sus?
pension of hostilities if asked for by
the insurgents from the general in
chief, to whom it would pertain, in
such case, to determine the duration
and conditions of the armistice.
SPAIN'S ADROIT REPLY.
"The propositions submiitod by Gen?
eral Woodford and Cve veply o? the
Spanish government were both in the
form of brief memoranda, the texts of
which are before me, and are substan?
tially in tlie language above given.
The function of the Cuban parliament
in the matter of 'preparing' peace
and the manner of ils doing so are not
expressed in the Spanish memoran?
dum, but from General Woodford's ex?
planatory reports of parliamentary
discussions preceding the final confer?
ence it is understood that the Spanish
government stands ready to give the
insular congress full powers to settle
the terms of peace with the insur?
gents, whether by direct negotiation
or indirectly by moans of legislation
does not appear.
"With this last overture in the di?
rection of immediate peace, and its
disappointing reception by Spain, the
executive was brought to the end of
"In my annual message of December
last I said:
" 'Of the untried measures there re?
main only: Recognition of the insur?
gents as belligerents; recognition of
the independence of Cubn: neutral in?
tervention to end the war by imposing .
a rational compromise between the
contestants, and intervention in favor
of one or the other party. T speak not
of forcible annexation, for that cannot
be thought of. Thnt. by our code of
morality, would be criminal aggress?
"Thereupon T reviewed these alter?
natives, in the light of President
Grant's measured words, uttered in
1S75. when, after seven years' of san?
guinary, destructive and cruel hostil?
ities in Cuba, ho reached the conclu?
sion that the recognition of the inde?
pendence of Cuba was impracticable
?ind Indefensible, nnd that the recogni?
tion of belligerency was not -warranted
by tlie facts according to the tests of
public law. I commented especially
upon the latter aspect of thf> question,
pointing out the inconvenience and
positive dangers of a recognition of
belllprcrpncy which, while adding to
the already onerous burdens within
our jurisdiction, could not in any way
extend our Influence or effective offl
ces in the territory of hostilities.
Nothing has sir.ee occurred to change
my view irj tins regard, and 1 recog?
nize us l'ully now as then that the is?
suance of a proclamation of neutrali?
ty, by which process the so-called rec?
ognition of the belligerency is publish?
ed, could, of itself and unattended by
other action, accomplish nothing to?
ward the one end for which we labor,
the instant pacification of Cuba and
the cessation of the misery that al
lliets the Island.
RECOGNITION OF CUBA.
?'Turning to the question of recog?
nizing at this time the independence
of the present insurgent government
In Cuba, we find safe precedents in
our history from an early dav. They
are well summed up ia President
Jackson's message to Congress, De?
cember til, 1836, on the subject of the
recognition of the independence of
Texas. He stud:
?' 'In all the contests that have aris?
en out of the revolutions of France,
out of the disputes relatlhg to the
crowns of Portugal and Spain, out of
the separation of the American pos?
sessions of both from the European
governments, and out of the numerous
and constantly occurring struggles for
dominion in Spanish-America, so wise?
ly consistent ?Ith our just principles
has been the action of our govern?
ment that we have, under the most
critical circumstances, avoided all cen?
sures and encountered no other evil
than that produced by a transient
estrangement of good will In those
against whom we have been by force j
of evidence compelled to decide.
"It has-thus made known to the
world that the uniform policy and
practice of the United States is to I
avoid all Interference in disputes '
which merely relate to the internal I
government of other nations and ',
eventually to recognize the authority I
of the prevailing party without refer- |
ence to our particular interests and j
views or to the merits of the original
" 'But on this, as every other trying
occasion, safety is to he found la a
rigid adherence lo principle
PRECEDENTS FOR ACTION.
" ?fco contest between Spain and
the revolted colonies we stood aloof
and waited not only until the ability
of the new states to protect them?
selves was fully established, but until
the danger of their being again sub?
jugated bad entirely passed away.
Then, and not until then, were they
recognized. Such was our -ourse in
regard to Mexico herself. It Is true
that with regard to Texas the civil
authority of Mexico has been expelled.
Its Invading arm*- defeated, the chief
of the republic umiself captured, and
all present r>o,we. to control the newly
organized government of Texas anni?
hilated within its confines. Rut. on the
other hand, there Is in appearance, at
least, an immense disparity of physic?
al force on the side of Texas. The
Mexican repuolic, under another ex?
ecutive, is rallying Its forces endcr a
new leader and menacing a fresh in?
vasion to recover its lost dominion.
" 'Upon the issue of this threatened
invasion die independence cf Texas
may be considered as suspended, and
were there nothing peculiar in the rel?
ative situation of the United Stall's
and Texas, our acknowledgement cf
its independence at such a crisis could
be scarcely regarded as consistent
with that prudent reserve with which
we have hitherto held ourselves bound
to treat all similar questions."
"Thereupon Andrew Jackson pro?
ceeded to consider the risk that there
might be imputed to the United States'
motives of selfish interest in view of
the former claim on our part to the
territory of Texas, and of the avowed
purpose of the Texans in seeking rec?
ognition of Independence ns an inci?
dent to the Incorporation of Texas In
the Union, concluding thus:
" 'Prudence, therefore, seems to dic?
tate that we should still stand aloof
and maintain our present attitude, if
not until Mexico itself, or one of the
great foreign powers shall recognize
the independence of the new govern?
ment, at b ast, until the lapse of time
or the course of events shall have
proved beyond cavil or dispute the
ability of the people of that country to
maintain their separate sovereignty
ancl to uphold the government consti?
tuted by thern. Neither of the con?
tending parlies can justly complain of
this course. By fHirsuinsf it. we are
but carrying out the long established"
policy of our government, a pollcy
which has secured for us respect and
influence abroad and Inspired confi?
dence at home."
THE CASE OS" TEXAS.
"These are the words of the resolute
and patriotic Jackson. They are evi?
dence that the United f tates, in addi?
tion to the test imposed by public law
as the condition 01 the recognition of
independence by a neutral state, to
wit: that the revolted stale shall
'constitute in fact a body politic, hav?
ing a government in substance as well
as in name, possessed of the elements
of stability,' and forming de facto, is'
left to itself, a state among nations,
reasonably capable of discharging the
duties of a state, lias imposed for its
own governance in dealing with cases
like these the further conc'if.ion that
recognition of independent statehood
is not due to a revolted depeno\ency
until the danger of its being a&ain
subjugated by the parent state lies,
entirely passed away. This extreme
test was in fact applied in the case of
Texas. The Congress to whom Presi?
dent Jackson referred the question as
one 'probably leading to war,' and
therefore a propel- subject for 'a pre?
vious understanding with that body
by whom war can alone be declared
I and by whom all the nrovisior.s for
sustaining its perils must be furnish
i cd,' left the matter of the reconcilia?
tion of Texas to the discretion of the
executive, providing merely for the
sending of a diplomatic agent when
the President should be satisfied that
the republic of Texas had become 'an
independent state.' It was so recog?
nized by President Van Buren, who
commissioned a charge d'affaires.
March 7. li'.u, after Mexico had aban?
doned an attempt to reconquer the
Texas territory arcl when there was at
the time no bona fide contest going on
between the insurgent province and
its former sovereign.
FORMER MES.S.-VTC QUO I UI").
"1 said in my message of December
last: 'It is to be seriously considered
whether the Cuban insurrection pos?
sesses beyond dispute the attributes
of statehood which alone can demand
the recognition of the belligerency in
its favor.' The same requirement
must certainly bo no less seriously
considered when the graver issue of
recognition of independence is in ques?
tion, for no less positive test can be
applied to the greater act than to the
lesser; while on the other hnnd the in?
fluences and consequences of the
struggle upon the international policy
of the recognizing state, which form
important factors when the recogni?
tion of belligerency is concerned, are
secondary, if n it lightly eliminable
factors when the real question is
whether the community claiming rec?
ognition is or Is not independent be?
"Nor from the standpoint of expedi?
ence do I think It would be wise or
(Contlnueid on Fourth P?se.)
try for mi?c;
ceived on "t
pie could 's&
corps of Co)
our old CS
tion they dp
tion as y?t?f
I have neix
ing my .c?
and even at
forts to seej
to do is to:s
be with you
put it off tcj
to haul dow
forth a wets
wildly . exc
was. taken i
s. G. McLerf
1900." The t
al Lee srrii
ing. The ti
train, the tc
the special ?
over to the-i
Lee was unti
Hon. s. G..1
tem.' At ail
route at wi
and people i
of the Clr,
lute of thirl
After a st
the train p
where it is
their long' t
had be<"\. j?
med iafeV m
The e? V?