Newspaper Page Text
VOL III, NO. 167.
SICK AND WOUNDED
Soldiers Arrive at Fort Mon?
roe from Cuba.
ONE DEATH LAST NIGHT
Necro Trooper, Who Was Wounded Five
Tunes, Dien In the lloiipltal. Crowds
Throue the Dock mid
The transport City of Washington ar?
rived at Fortress Monroe at lu o'clock
yesterday morning from Santiago di
Cuba, having on board twenty wound?
ed officers and 200 wounded and sick
privates, who taught under Central
Shatter at Santiago. .Most of the men
belonged to the Seventy-first New
York regiment, though sonic of them
were "Hough Uhlers." while a few wore
from the Ninth Massachusetts and
Thirty-third and Thirty-fourth .Michi?
gan regiments. It was Impossible to
get a list of the wounded, the authori?
ties positively' Lousing to give out any
Before any uT the wounded soldiers
were brought ashore the ship was
thoroughly inspected by a ooarautino
officer. At noon the ollicioN were car?
ried on litt; rs from the vessel to the
dock in the presence of several thou?
sand people, but the privates were not
transferred till late in the arternoon.
Some of the scenes were heartrending
while Others aroused to the highest
pitch the wildest enthusiasm and
cheers mingled with sobs. Wh. u a ne?
gro trooper, who had received nine
Mauser bull.-Is in his body, was
brought ashore on a stretcher borne by
four white men the ramparts of Fort?
ress Monroe resounded with cheers
sent up by soldiers and citizens.
Those soldiers who wore seriously
wounded were taken in the post hos?
pital where they are being cared for.
and the others were placed in hospital
tents. About fifty men who had been
wounded in the hands and arms were
permitted to go to their homes and they
left on steamers bound for Baltimore
and Washington from which places
tiny will go to their respective homes.
Some of th.' wounded presented horri?
ble spectacles, with bandage*; covering
their faces. Throe won- no deaths on
the'transport on tic trip North, but a
negro, who bad been wounded five
times, died in the hospital last 'night.
Every comfort lias been provided for
tie- men who fought on Cuban soil, and
it is the opinion of the surgeons that
nearly all of them will recover. The sol?
diers arc enthusiastic and many ex?
press the hop- of a speedy recovery so
that they may return to da battle again
with the Spaniards. U is revenge they
want for Spanish brutality.
Some of the men brought to the fort
are suffering from the off eels of sun
stroke and malarial fever.
. , .The steamer Olivette Is expected to
' arrive at Fort Monroe, tomorrow, with
more wounded soldiers on board und
preparations are being made to re?
The City of Washington was anchor?
ed alongside the battleship Maine in
Havana harbor when that vessel was
blown up and ii was owing to this fai t
that a number of tin- officers of the
Maine were on board her that they
won- saved when tin- explosion look
The hospital ship Solace, formerly the
Creole, which was built at ibis yard is
expected to arrive from Santiago t ?
day with between 700 and S00
wounded Amerii an and Spanish sol?
diers and sailors, the latter of whom
are prisoners of war.
It is not known yet just where the
Spaniards will If treated, although it
is believed that they will be taken to
the naval hospital at Norfolk, wbil.
the Americans will be placed at Fort
Monroe with their comrades.
The transport Resolute, formerly the
Old Dominion steamship Yorktown,
sailed from Charleston to Newport
News Tuesday and is expected to ar?
rive lure today. It is reported
that she will take on troops here, al?
though no information to this effect
can be obtained.
The United States collier Justin,
which has been here for the past few
days, left yesterday afternoon for Old
A dispatch received by tin- Daily
Press last night from Washington
"Information was received tonight at
the War Department that the hospital
ship Seneca sailed this afternoon from
Playa del Este. Cuba, for Fort Mon?
roe. She has on board all of the re?
maining wounded American officers
and men?70 in number?who can be re?
moved with safety at ibis time. She
will proceed directly to Fort Monroe."
MAVOIt MOSS TU.,ll!STIthS.
lie Tell Thum They Must Not "Hull Oul
Mayor A. A. Moss has "put bis foot
down" on the custom tool has prevailed
in this city for a number of years
of allowing justices of the peace to re?
lease prisoners conlined in the city Jail
Vesterday his honor indited an epis?
tle to each of the seven ward justices
forbidding them from "hailing out"
prisoners confined in the city jail un?
less so ordered by the mayor. In h'.s
letter Mayor Moss says there has been
considerable complaint about justices
admitting to hail prisoners arrested by
the police force, and in support of his
edict forbidding magistrates from ac?
cepting bonds bo cites sections of the
city charter and acts of the General
Hereafter bail can only bo obtained
of the police Justice. The office or
justice of the peace will not be worth
running for under the present law, as
their jurisdiction is very limited. A
justice of the pence in a Virgina city
cannot issue any criminal warrants nor
admit lo bail any prisoners confined in
Fil?'?? , Kiens and Bed It utr?.
Are pos,lively driven out by the use
of Calvert's Insect Powder. The pat?
ent sift top box makes Its own death
dealing dust. Different from all oth?
ers. Only lOo. Ask for Calvert's and
take no other. ju25-eod-lm.
Mr. Jacob Ooldbright. of Baltimore,
is visiting relatives in the city.
The new lot of fever preventive wa?
ter filters have arrived at Adams'
Adams' Racket Store. Jull-1-tf
One hundred pairs boys' pants, s'zrs
5 to 14, worth 50 and 7." cents for
rents nt McComb, Hughes & Co.'s
Organdies, dimities, etc., th.-t were
121-2 and 15 cents, now 7 1-2 cents at
McComb. Hughes & Co.'s, 252 Twenty
eighth street. jy 8-tf.
WILL. NOT Bl'OGK.
l'ollce Commissioners Stuart and Uouirhly
Claim They Were Legally Elfcted.
Mr. M. V. Doughty and Attorney W.
C. Stuart, who were appointed mem?
bers of the Board of Police Commis?
sioners by .Mayor Walter A. Post just
before that gentleman's term of office
expired, are not losing any sleep over
Mayor A. A. Moss' message to the Com?
mon Council in which his honor says
those gentlemen were not legally elect?
ed and advises the council to elt-ct two
members to till the alleged vacancies.
When seen yesterday by a reporter
Attorney Stuart said:
"I was somewhat surprised to notice
in this morning's paper the communi?
cation sent by the mayor to the Com?
mon Council last night in reference to
tilling the so-called vacancies on the
Board of Police Commissioners, for I
had hoped that Mayor Moss would
possibly be able to arise above the pet?
ty political spite which he has shown
in this matter. His course i-s without
any legal justification whatever, and
therefore must be considered as the
result of personal feeling.
"The politico-dramatic tricks which
our juggling mayor is beginning to
spring upon the people may help him
in a demagogic way among those sup?
porters who are idiotic enough to per?
suade themselves that he has any legal
grounds to stand upon, but will cer?
tainly lose him the respect of the great
maj irity of good I), moerals."
To a. representative of the Daily
Press Mr. Stuart said such action on
the part of the mayor had a tendency
to demoralize the police force; in fact,
ho had heard it said that some police
nun wore already questioning his au?
thority. "I am a member of the Board
of Police Commissioners." said Mr.
Stuart. "It is not the office that 1 so
much appreciate, but the fact lha it
was conferred upon me by .Mr. Post, a
gentleman who is universally es?
teemed. We w.-ro duly appointed and
continued ami will serve out our terms
of office. Police commissioners are
Stoic officers anil Mr. Moss fails to
draw the distinction between city and
Dther attorneys in the city agree
with Mr. Stuart. They hold that police
commissioners are State officers and
are not under the control of the mayor.
As yet Commonwealth's Attorney J. K.
M. Newton has not prepared his opin?
ion, but it is thought it will sustain the
old administration, for it is not im
old administration, for it is not proba?
ble that ex-Mayor Post acted without
What Mayor Moss' object is in en?
deavoring to have the Board of Police
Commissioners dissolved is not known,
but it is thought that his honor de?
sires lo make some changes in the per?
sonnel of the police force, and if he
got men on the board who shared his
views Chief of Police S. J. Harwood
w .uld lose his scalp. Tais is. of
course, merely conjecture, as Mayor
Moss has not expressed himself public?
ly. There arc those who hold to the
opinion that bis honor has a personal
spite lo Vent.
During the controversy over the
Jones case there was considerable dis?
cussion regarding tue jurisdiction of
the mayor over the..-Boaid .of - .Police.
Commissioners and it became generally
understood ut that time that these offi?
cials were State officers.
Mrs. II. Dresser, on .Twenty-eighth
street Cast J?nu, is Very1, sick.
Ans. .1. Iv. 'Powers, of Washington, is
the guest of her sister, Mrs. A. n. war
Mr. Ralph Ii. Hocke, id Salem. VlL.
is me guest of Air. and .Mrs. T. T.
Clark, in Rast Cud.
Miss Caro Taggart, of Wilmington,
Del., is visiting .Miss Ida Crossley, on
The British steamship Appotnat'tox
. bared lor Condon yesterday with a
Miss Daisy Bright, of Eikborough,
Va.. is the guest of the Misses Allen, on
Miss Hannah Folk, of Richmond, is
visiting her sister. Mrs. D. V. Iseman.
on Twenty-sixth street.
Miss Kate W'atlerson, who has been
the guest of Miss Virginia Robinson
for the past month, has returned to her
home in Tennessee.
General Superintendent C. E. Doyle,
of ibe Chesapeake & Ohio Railway,
spent yesterday in the city in his spe
Chief of Police S. J. Harwood has
been summoned to be a witness in a
ase concerning the steamship CHnto
o.ia. which burned at the piers here In
the great fire of April. 1S97.
The converted yacht Stranger, which
came into the harbor Tuesday in a
damaged condition from a collision, left
for the Norfolk navy yard for repairs
Air. and Mrs. D. X. Hopkins, aceom
r.nnied bv their grand daughter. Miss
Alande, left last evening for their Can?
adian summer home on the banks of
the Ontario. Their soiourn will be for
see.nil months' duration.
Mr. T. P. Sammons and I.tile daugh?
ter. Marguerite. of Twenty-eighth
street, have gone on a short visit to
Dr. C. M. Vaiden, of Charles City
county, is the guest of Mr. W. M. Par?
ser, on Twenty-seventh street. Dr.
Vaiden is attending the Baptist State
Ex-Congressman Hurry I.ibbey was
in the city yesterday.
Dr. Charles W. Oaughtrie. of Whal
eyvllle. Va.. a reent graduate of the
Medical College of Virginia, is in ihe
Miss Mary Waters, of Chesterfield
county, is visiting Miss Rena Rock, at
"tlO."- Virginia avenue.
The foundation for the new city high
school on the site between Washington
and T.afayette avenues and Thitry-first
and Thirty-second streets is nowbeing
'aid end the brick work wjU be com?
pleted at the earliest possible date.
Is Mot n Candidate.
Postmaster Fred Read will not be a
canditdate for re-election as chairman
of the Republican executive committee
of this city.
"tin account of the factional differ?
ences which have exis;ed in the party,''
"aid Mr. Read, "I think it my duty to
drop out of the race and I am of the
.pinion that any other person identi?
fied with the factions of the riarty in
Newport News should do likewise.
"Tin my return from Philadelphia, T
will call meetings for the purpose of
ilecting a new cit ychalrman, new ex
?outivo committee, and also for the
ourpose of electing delegates to the
Republican Congressional Convention,
which will meet In Norfolk August 15."
So far there are no outspoken can
lidates for this honor, though it Is
understood Hint there are several Re
onblleans in the city who are looking
it it with wistful eyes.
Do you know that clothing Is now
being sold at half value in the clearing
?nie now In progress at the Globe,
One hundred pairs Ladies' fine ox<
'ords. worth $1 and SI.25. 77 cents at
MeComb, " - & Co.'s. jy8-tf.
HISTORY OF THE PRESS
Masterly Address by Mr.
VIRGINIA EDITORS MEET
Annual Session Closes at the ? ImmOerltu
Hotel. Olitcers Chosen for the
Kubuiuj; Year. Interesting
The second day's session of the Vir?
ginia Press Association was called to
order ui 11 o'clock yesterday morning
by President I>. ?. Lewis, at the Cham
After the transaction of routine bus?
iness a memorial to the late \V. S.
While, former president of the- asso?
ciation, was read by -Mr. A. P. Howe,
Jr. The memorial was ordered to be
engrossed and a copy sent 10 .Mrs.
White. The memorial will also lie
printed by every paper represented in
The morning session adjourned at
12: HO 1". M.
Immediately al'ter the afternoon ses?
sion was called to order at ?>::',() P. AI.,
Mr. Joseph Bryan, editor of the Rich?
mond Times. was introduced. He
made an address to the association
which is considered one of the finest
tributes to the press ever delivered in
this country. He reviewed the history
of Virginia journalism from its very
Inception to the present time. and
challenged the world to produce' a
higher standard in the art preservative.
His address is as follows:
Mr. President and Gentlemen of the
Virginia Press Association:
I count it one of the special honors of
my life that by your flattering prefer?
ence I am invited to occupy a portion
of your time today.
The organization which brings us to?
gether at least once a year should I"'
cherished and perpetuated. Men who
are dealing with each other at distance
and never feel the electrical effect of
elbow touch or the mollifying influence
of "the eye which through the dews of
kindness beams" are very apt to form
judgments of euch other which would
be much modified, if not entirely re?
moved, by personal contact.
One of the most benefioient influences
in amalgamating our people into one
harmonious whole is the facility which
is given to the formation of associa?
tions such as this. In no respect is
truth the loser by this custom. No?
body knows it all. not even the omnis?
cient editor. As the great Talleyrand
has said "Everybody is wiser than any
one man." We may each of us there?
fore hope to reap a benefit from these
reunions, which in turn we will convey
to those who draw their Inspirations of
wisdom from our glowing columns.
In casting about for a subject with
which to occupy your attention for a.
brief space I have thought'that nothing
would be more fitting than the subject
ofiieTwspapers." It'is possibie'that how?
ever expert an individual may he in,
the practical conduct of a newspaper
he may never have troubled himself to
investigate their origin and develop?
ment and their present condition as
one of the features of modern "civiliza?
Cue of the most natural of all desires
planted in our nature, is that L> hear
news. I doubt not that there will be
excavated from the ruins of Nineveh
and Babylon some from of a newspa?
per; and we know that when St. Paul
visited Athens he found there, ready
listeners to his great declaration of the
truth which would make them free, be?
cause "all the Athenians nd strangers
which were there, spent their time in
nothing else but either to tell or to hear
some new thing."
We are also told that in the days of
the Roman Empire there was a de?
mand for news which was satisfied by
a written sheet called the Acta Diurna.
The claim, however, to the first news?
paper, as such, lies between Venice and
Germany in the sixteenth century. And
by the way. the name Gazette, which
is so common a title for newspapers,
was gotten from the name of the*small
Venetian coin, Gazette, which was used
for the purchase of the newspaper,
very much as we now have the New
O; leans Picayune.
The Gazette de France, with a brief
interruption during the French revolu?
tion, has been published since 1631.
As a curious illustration of the iden?
tity of human nature the description
given in 17S5 by that literary autocrat.
Dr. Samuel Johnson, of the demand for
news in his day might certainly, as fai
as concerns those of us who issue a
morning and evening edition, be ap?
plied to the present time. He said
"Journals are daily multiplied without
increase of knowledge. The news of
the morning paper is told in the even?
ing and the narratives of the evening
are all given in the morning. These
repetitions indeed waste time, but they
do not shorten it. The most eager pur?
suer of news is tired before be has
completed his paper, and many a man
who enters the coffee house in Ills
night gown and slippers is called away
to his shop or dinner before he has con?
sidered the state of Europe."
This was before the day of the Lon?
don Times, which, with one or two ex?
ceptions, is now the oldest newspaper
published. This paper began its publi?
cation nearly thirty years after John?
son wrote, and was published for near?
ly thirty years more before its circula?
tion exceeded an average of 5,000 cop?
ies, and was published for nearly sev?
enty years before it reached 50,000. and
this, too, in the heart of the men pop?
ulous city of Europe, if not of the
One evidence of the enormous prog?
ress made in modern times by the
newspaper and the position it holds in
the esteem of the thoughtful is jiiven
by a. comparison of the second edition
of tlie Encyclopedia Brittanica, printed
in 1781, with the ninth edition nf 1S84.
In the second edition the subject of
newspapers does not even appear, but
to Sir Isaac Newton and the Newton?
ian philosophy there are twenty-nine
columns devoted. In the iast or ninth
edition in 1SN4 there are twenty-nine
columns given to Sir Isaac Newton and
his philosophy and fifty-two are de?
voted to newspapers. I doubt not if the
writer of that last article upon news?
papers were to review his work today,
and should add a chapter upon journal?
ism in its various hues, but especially
the yellow, as it now appears, and
should describe the genius with which
Ksjws is first gathered or manufactured
d then conveyed and distributed, he
> <uld much increase his space, even
though It was necessary to cut down
that allowed Sir Isaac Newton and his
I have been unable to get very recent
statietics about the publications In
this country. It is stated, however, on
what I take to be reliable authority,
that there are over 20,000 periodicals
S, VA.. TH?RS DA
published in the United States and that
one issue of these will amout tu 40.000,
000 copies. Of these only 1.1*59 are said
to issue more titan 5.000 copies regular?
ly, while there are about 13.000 publi?
cations whose regular editions are not
supposed to equal as many as 500 cop?
From this it will appear that a
newspaper which has a circulation of
500 copies is beyond the average. This
is certainly an ^encouraging statement
to our couutrysipapers. very few of
whom in Virginia I presume do not con?
siderably exceed this. It is a notable
fact, however, t^at the pecuniary value
of a newspaper^ and certainly its in?
fluence, is not to be measured by Us
circulation. That achetype of rabid
sensationalism,jthe New York Journal,
has today a circulation which it claims
to be a milUonjand a quarter. This in?
cludes, howeve^ all of its various edi?
tions, moiaiinSEnoon and night, all of
which are sojakin New York at one
cent a copy." 'ffl|t it is doubtful n today
the Journal is'Saying expenses or ever
has at any time.since it started. 1 re?
member hearing authentically thai a!
one time the Journal owed the concern
.o" It. Hoe & Op. about $400.000 for
i in the other Hand the New York liv?
ening Host, which has a circulation of
onlyaboui 25.000, is regarded as one of
tie' moss valuable pieces .of newspaper
property in Jit^ York, and has main?
tained without 'abut, mem its price at
t hree cents per copy.
The London Times, too, which, wito
out doubt, is the most valuable piece
of property in the world, not even ex?
cepting the New York Herald, has a
circulation today of only about 50.000
and" has steadfastly maintained its
price at three pence v.?r six cents a
The other London papers have adopt?
ed the American'Style of striking head?
lines and have raised their circulation
to enormous figures, and have realized
great sums for their enterprising Pro?
moters who follow the lead of Ameri?
can journalism; t.These bold invaders
upon English conservatism put down
He ir price as they increased the size
of headlines. ThctDnily Mail ran up its
circulation to ab'out 400,00(1, white lite
Daily Telegraph reached 500.000. It has
been well .said, however, that with a
circulation of only a littlr over 50,000
the London Times remains at. the head
of the list. How this was done has al?
ways been and always will ever be a
mystery. Nothing is ever done in this
great establishment on the impulse of
the moment. Information, he it ever
so important, is never given to the
world until It hnsjbeen pondered to the
hist line, and theSi it is printed as
though it were aTmalter of the merest
common place. ""I know." says this
writer in the New York Sun. "that the
Times has held -back news for a week
ai a lime." That, is the all pervading
spirit if the establishment. It takes
years of waiting and worlds of influ?
ence to get an appointment on Its staff.
A friend of mine-applied for a place
se veral years ago.; He called at the of
th e and was all?weu to enter the au?
gust presence of the acting manager,
Mr. Moberly Bell,," "Baksheesh" Bell,
who dates back to!the old days of the
late Khedive of . Egypt and his father,
when Cairo lliiwvit. wit'o uiilk and Jion
*.ey. and things went Well with ~'tb'e"
newspaper correspondent who could
handle an accommodating pen. Well,
the great Bell frowned at my friend
and roared at his audacity in presum?
ing to apply for a position on the
Times.. But that young man was per?
sistent, and be-sides he bore a letter
from the late Archbishop of Canter?
bury, which letter smotlhed the ruffled
brow of the gnat man. Finally he was
lohl to leave his name and address.
Two months later he received a print?
ed form from the Times, which read as
La nguago spoken.
There was not a word about experi?
ence or qualifications. Since then my
friend has not heard from 'the Times,
but lie is encouraged with the fact that
he has been an applicant only two
years, while there arc men in London
who are old and decrepit who sent ir.
their names when they were young and
"'And yet." says this writer, "the
Times remains the greatest newspaper
of them till, and when it conies to real
news Ulis paper spares nothing lo ob?
tain it. U miry be presented in an old
fashioned and crude manner, but
it is there nil tl same. It has no lo?
cal news worth mentioning, hut that
is a fault which can be alleged against
alJ,-other London dailies, except the
""Mall. The work of the police courts is
done solely by a couple of prehistoric
news agencies, bin the work of the
specials is really meritorious. The
Times still sells far three pence or six
cents. It makes its own paper and its
own type. Tts machinery is mrnstly con?
structed on the premises in Printing
House Square, and nearly all of the
employees are recruited from the ten?
ant farmer's sons at Bearwood, the es?
tate of the Walter family. The late
John Walter left two sons in the busi?
ness. One is called "Mr." Walter and
the other "Mr." Godfrey." The Times
has given a great many peerages and
otlo^r titles to people whom it favors,
Cut the Walter family, like Mr. Glad?
stone, prefers the simple prefix "Mr."
In fact the late Mr.. Walter was very
fond-of saying that there was no title
in England half so grand as that of
"Proprietor of the Times."
Such is the power of the character
and courage in a newspaper. Peerages
have been disdained .by independent
members of the London Times, and
statesmen have wjth anxiety waited to
see what its utterances would be.
In the London Spectator of July 2d.
which reached Richmond on Monday,
there is a special article upon the evi?
dence which Mr. Moberly Bell gave in
the lust week or June before the Lords
Committee on Copyright Bill?. Mr.
Bell complained that a piece of news
published by the Times on a certain
Tuesday, announcing a revolution in
Argentina had cast that newspaper 1.
200 lbs. sterling, or $0.000 in our money,
and that the only profit which he could
immediately derive under the copyright
laws of England from that large expen?
diture was the exclusive circulation
and sale of his paper for some three
hours. That until 10 o'clock in the
morning the demand for his paper was
very great, but that an soon a-i the ev?
ening papers, with their extra editions
begin to apepar, which were sold for
hair penny, or one cent, and contained
the same news pirated from the Times,
no one would give six cents when one
cent would supply what was needed,
and yet the one cent papers had actu?
ally not spent one cent in obtaining
the news that had cost the London
Times $11,000. The hardship or this upon
the London Time? was more apparent
than was any way of correcting it, be?
cause as soon as the news of ihe rev?
olution was known the results wen- in?
stantly felt in the financial market,
(Continued on Third Page.)
Y, el ULY 14, 181)8.
Toral is Stubborn, But He
"INAL STRUGGLE IS ON
rmy ?ml Navy Sow Shelling the Cuban
City Volfliei-H hi Kitlu ami mud.
Gvuerul Mile* at the
VFF JARA?UA, JUDY 12. S P. M.,
VIA KINGSTON, July 13.?10 P. M.? I
the negotiations fur a puucel
surrender o? Santiago do Cuba ended
in utter failue today, and the city must
fall by the sword.
General Tonil, the Spanish comman
?r. has finally and dolinitoly refused
enernl Shaftcrs proposal tor a, un
'iidttional surrender, and the Amer?
ican army only awaits the word of its
?jieral to he in Hie tlnal struggle,
?lust when the attack will be made
spends upon the time which will ensue
More General Randolph can land hi*
batteries at tin- front, as it is definite
?tiled that the forward movement
not begin until the armv is fully
j backed up by the big guns, the absen.',
hi' which cost so many lives .luring
lie- previous engagements.
General Randolphs movement:;
iron early this morning, but tonight
of the ten batteries, one of the four
?u:is had succeeded in making its way
?vor tin- almost impassable trail to th.
trenches at the front. This, with the
four batteries already there, is not con
jsidored by the American commander as
sullick-ttt. and probably twenty-four
ours more will elapse before the gen
ral engagement begins.
General I.awton's entire division was |
loved to the ?lorthwnrd n mile ;
half, bis extreme right being placed
t i "aimer, on the border of the harbor,
'bis movement places the American
nrees in a semi-circle entirely snr
ounding Santiago and cutting oft the
j retreat of the Spaniards, except by wa?
ter, as our Hanks rest at the water's
The late arrivals of volunteers v
moved up from .Turarun and the F
Illionois. the Fiffhth Ohio and the reg?
iment rrotn the District or Columbia
Ineated in the trenches vacated by
Hines" battery was swung around ti?
le north closely connecting with Daw- j
fon's forces, and now occupies a bluff |
l which it can fire directly into
heart of the city. This is a most im- >
ant move, as it enables the Amori
fnre.es to shell the city without in
luring tlie hospitals and nubile build
. which are flvincr the Red Ct
=. th" present position being s
shells can be lhro^vrt over all the
biii'din'trs thus protected from assault.
T'io li'tle town of C*amanes was evf
inted by the Spanish troops yesterday
| and Is now occupied Trv the Ottb?ri |
tro.-vps with a few companies of regu
'nrs. Tts occupation is most important
tn the American forces, as it completes
the semi-circle from water line to wa?
ter line and hems the city in. It was j
a. erent blunder on the' part of the
Spanish to desert the place without a
ggle. as with it Ceneral T.awton
Hanks them completely. Near this
.int the Spanish left lies, and this
ink has been known to be the weak
it portion of the line. During the
eek's trine they have been strength
ling it: ion their entrenchments nt
iis point have been constructed rag
>dly and apparently without definite j
'"'oenernl T.awton anticipates little dif
fbii Ity in driving the Spaniards from
runder the present titans the Amen-|
. nti armv and navv will begin (be at?
tack nt the same time. The fleet will
burl shells into the oil v. while the
?it eoil of American soldiery will
dually tighten about the Spanish
?Hons, the divisions advanclmr from
nil along the line. As the semi-circle
arrows, the battevips in tic rear will
v'intain a heavy fire.
The American officers feel confident
he city can withstand this terrible
noil hut a short time.
General Miles went to the Trout today
nd will probable remain there the |
renter part of tomorrow. The general '
?as accompanied by troop A, of the
Second artillery, the only mounted
roop of Oeneral Shafter's army.
iD? raining heavily wnen the start
.as made. Owing to the deep mud It
as almost dark when he reached the
?i the .correspondent or the Assoda
Press. who accompanied him to the
it. General 'Miles said: "T have not
.o down here to take command, and
I shall probably remain but a few days.
I ti is mo late to make any chances in
the plan or enmnaicn. even ir T desired
To so. But. T have no complaint to
'?-p. Things seem to be moving in
d shane. T intend to look over our
"3 anil positions and study tho sit?
uation thoroughly: but. T will not in'er
? in the conduct or foe cnrnnalgn.
This is likely tn be the only trip I shall
make to the front."
The lost two (lavs have been Ih?
orst or the campaign, so far as the
_enther Is concerned. Fierce, tropical
thunder storms have been rrorniont.
with an almost continuous downnour
or rain. The rifle pits and trenches
have been flooded and last night few
men in the besieging army were able
to sleep, owing to the amount of water
on the ground.
The already heavy hardships endured
have been greatly increased and much
illness is likely to result, as no adequate
shelter is possible.
The trail to the front is in fright?
ful shape. The streams and the fords
are swollen and the soft soil is cut into
almost impassible shapes by the wheels
>r the supply wagons. One of General
Randolph's light batteries occupied a
whole day in getting to the front.
The rain is coming down in torrents
tonight and a thunder storm is raging
along the coast. If the storm continues
; is likely to delay operations seriously.
Troops rrotn the auxiliary cruisers
Yale and St. Paul have been landing
;rain all day and have been going into
?amp wet and miserable. Tt has been
bitter experience for the raw troops
but they will be pushed right on t..
the front tomorrow.
The fleet was inactive all day. The
irooklyn occupied a position about five
miles to the west of the harbor en?
trance, and the remainder of our war?
ships were strung along the coast as
far east as Juragiia. At the latter
nt the flagship New York lav nearly
Rear Admiral Sampson and General
Miles were in frequent communication
] during (he rori-noon. General Miles
?nt on board the New York at
about n o'clock and a frequent ex?
change of notes between the two enui
| manders occurred Inter. The nature of
their conference could no; Vie ascertain?
ed, but It is supposed to have related
a concerted attack upon Santiago,
i Several of our ships, including the
Newark, with Commodore Watson on
board, spent the day coaling- at Guan
Scarcely a wounded man remains at
the hospital headquarters here. Al?
most all the sufferers have either been
sent north on the returning transports
or have been sent on board the hospital
ship Belief, which lies off shore. It is
most fortunate that the transfer was
made before the ruins set in. as It
is difficult to provide shelter from the
storms. A number of men sick with
fever, measles and other ailments are
still here. Malarial fever continues to
trlve the physicians trouble, but so far
only one death has resulted.
Mr. Nicholas Fish will leave for the
north tomorrow with the bodies of
Hamilton Fish. Jr.. and Captain Oup
ron, who were killed with the "Rough
Riders" in battle.
The men of General Lawton's divis?
ion yesterday cut a large water main!
which is believed to be the source of
ihe water supply of Santiago. The
main entered the city from the north?
east ami is the largest one yet found.
A stream of pure water as large as a
man's body has poured from the pipe
since it was cut. and has proved valua?
ble to the Americans.
A few deserters who came out of San
llngo today reported that the city's
water supply is scant anil of very poor
Reports of wholesale desertions reach
? ho,American lines almost daily, but
there have not been 100 deserters from
the Spaniards in all.
General Shaffer telegraphed to Wash?
ington today in regard to the extreme
privations suffered by the 1S.0O0 San?
tiago refugees now at F.l Caney, and
he received n reply not to assume the
responsibility of their maintenance, but
to give them such food as he. can spare
'"'?em tin- soldiers" stores. Already 22.
iiOfl rations have been given "them,
bul these are exhausted, as well as the
"revisions sent by Miss Clara Barton,
io behalf of the Red Cross Society.
Hi - condition of affairs In camp of the
refugees is terrible, and if it continues
many people will starve to death. Up
?o dale, eight persons have died. The
churches are being used as hospitals,
eine of the contains 107 persons. A
eery old woman committed suicide to?
day in her distress, killing herself with
General Wheeler recommended the
following officers, in his cavalry di?
vision, for gallantry In action: Brig
?vdior General Carroll. Colonel Sumner,
General Wood. Maim- Wessels. Major
T.ombard. Major Wint. Captain Tfnwes.
faiitnln TTnrtmnn. Lieutenant Andrew.
C-iotain Packman. Lieutenant Colonel
Oorsott. Major "Darlington. Captain
West. Contain Dickensnn. Cantain Wll
' in in Astqr Chnnler and his aides, Lieu?
tenants Reeves- and Wheeler.
also comnlimented Mr. Mostes, his
Cuban volunteer aide, for conspicuous
BLANCO INSISTS ON WAR.
Captain General Urges His Govern?
ment tei Stop Talking A twit Peace.
LONDON, July IS.?A special dis?
patch from Madrid, published this af?
ternoon, says Captain General Blanco
has replied to the Spanish government's
reiterated presentations in regard to
peace. by energetically; protepUr*
against the'the idea of -peace. The
captain general says the report that
the government has resolved to nego?
tiate peace with the United States has
bail a deplorable effect, especially
among the Spanish troops. He aelds
that a deputation of officers chosen by
the army had begged him to convey
to the government their protests
against any propositions for peace,
claiming that nothing can justify a
cassation of hostilities at present.
("outinning. General Blanco says:
"The army has only just come into
action and thus far cannot be said to
have suffered a reverse, although op
1 nosed immer'?-ally In a far stronger
force. The deputation declares that so
long ns It Is not conclusively proved
Hint the troops are incapable of suc?
cessfully defending Cuba. Spain cannot
treat for pence without dishonoring her
t-o v to the eyes of the world. The
Cuban volunteers are even more vio?
lent opponents of peace. They de^'are
'hoe will not recognize any agreement
concluded under the present conditions.
-mi.i Hint even deserted bv Spain they
'--Ml continue the war themselves."
FROM SHAFTKR AND MILKS.
War Department Posted Dispatches
From Them Yesterday.
WASHINGTON, July 111.?The follo%v
ing dispatch from General Shatter was
posted .at the War Department at 2:30
Playa del Kste. July IS.
Headquarters near Santiago, July 13.
Adjutant General, Washington:
Your tel.?grain saying no modification
of orders allowed just received. Have
had an interview of an hour and a
half witli General Toral, and have ex?
tended tnice until neon tomorrow on
ib.- condition that surrender only will
be considered; he is without hope of
escape, and no right to contf&ue the
right. I think it m?de a stroi""*"^. Im?
pression on him and hope for his sur?
render: if he refuses I will open on
him at 12 noon tomorrow- with every
run 1 have and have the assistance of
he navy, who are ready to bombard
he eitv with 13-inch shells.
Soon after the following bulletin was
Playa del Kste, July 13.
secretary of War. Washington:
At a meeting between the lines at
ivhieh Generals Shafter 'and Wheeler
mil Spanish General Toral were pres
? nl the latter claimed that he is unable
to act without authority of his govern
?o.-.-t lint 1ms received authority to
withdraw and surrender harbor pors.
?volitions ef war and eastern portion
f Cuba. He urgentlv requests until
tomorrow noon to receive answer from
his government regarding offer of our
"o-.-e.-nment to send his forces to Spain,
wlooh wns granted.
Mnior General Cnmmandlmr.
in. the bo't'om of the bulletin of Miles'
?llsnateh was written:
"The permission to withdraw has
Seen declined by the War Department.
"R. A. ALCiKR."
rvTTOHFSSK AT CUARLKSTON.
I'HA RLKSTON. S. C, July 13 ?For
....to.p known only to the military
minorities, the third eynedition to Cu
i.n from tics city failed to get off to?
la-.-. The Iransports Grande Duchesse
in.I "No. So" are at the docks waiting
md orders for the men to embark have
heen issued, hut at the ' last moment
>>,ose were revoked, and it was stated
that the expedition would not start till
?ouiorrow. During the day 020 recruits
for the three regiments here arrived
?".o.-n Ohiekamauca. They brought
with them wagon trains of the various
?? mmands. The government has hired
100 negro laborers her- who will be
lent to Cuba to act ns road and bridge
5. A. Kent has given to his native
,vn of Suffield. Conn., a J2r.,000 library
building as a memorial to his parents.
Put money in thy purse by takln?
in rv.f> niobe clearing sale of clothing.
SINGLE COPY, TWO CENTS
ONE WEEK, TEN CENTS.
SANTIAGO MUST FALL
Shafter Ordered to "Let Slip 4
OFFER MADE TO TORAL
: Lulled 8t?t?K Willing to Send Hin Army
Home If II? Would Surrender.
UuHillltle* to be Vigorously ?'
WASHINGTON, July 13.?While the
long expected fall of Santiago did not
take place today it is evident that the
crisis has been reached. Within the
next twenty-tour hours Santiago either
will surrender or will receive such a
baptism of tire as seldom falls to the .
lot of a besieged town. "If he refuses, 5
1 will open fire on him at 12 noon to?
morrow with every gun I have and
have the assistance of the navy. Are
s'h'lb' "? bombarti the clt>' wlth 13-Inch
That Is the program laid down by v
Genend Shatter and Is to be carried out
to the letter. General Shatter is still
immanding according to the War De
irtment officials, and although dis
itches have been received from Major : '.S
eneral Miles, signed Major General *4
ommandlng. It is said that he has not is
isuplaced General Shatter in direct -
barge of the operations. The public ?
i oni; of these telegrams from General
Miles was given the first notice that
r government, in the course of ne- -5
nations with General Toral, had of?
fered to send the Spanish forces In
ntiago back to Spain. A few days ?1
o It was stated that the President
mid insist upon unconditional sur?
render, but It appears that conditions
? been modified as indicated by
oral Miles. This was done from a
re to avoid useless bloodshed, for
oral Toral's army removed to
''pain would be harmless to prevent our
further operations In Cuba, and would V,1
serve as good a purpose as would be ;:
the destruction of the Spanish army. >.]??
To allow the Spanish general to with
draw to the Interior and fall back to
Havana on the other hand, would put
us under the obligation of overcoming ?
that additional force when It comes to ?>?'
the siege of Havana. Our government
also Is moved to make this proposal ?
to remove the Spanish forces to Spain gl
through a strong desire to close up the
operations nt Santiago at the earliest &
possible moment. This desire has been SB
materially strengthened by the appear- v*
a nee of yellow fever within the Amer-.
ban lines. It was at-first supposed
that the men were falling 111 with ma-.
laria and climatic fever, so the caacs.^ju
were reported as simply suspicions.. '
Now. however, comes, the Anal adtnbi-?lg
slon that they are genulnejyellow.fer t
ver cases. Their appearance hu3 d>- \
?termined the. nv^horiUft^jSw
?OrdeVs' eTther'have or soon witl^go for-_
ward to General Shatter ??o/'dlsseuss-lio ? .--?
more with the Spanish commanoeV the
terms of-surrender. but to proceed to
assault the-town with all the force at
his command as soon as the present->,;vi
truce expires. Tt. Is expected by Shat?
ter that the navy will co-operate, and
while Secretary Long has received no
direct advices on that point from Ad- ?
mlral Sampson he fully credits the ex?
pectation. Reluctant as the War De?
partment is tn sacrifice the many lives
that might be lost In an assault It is
denied to be better policy to make
It than to allow the men to rot away
with fevers and other diseases during;^
the long period that would be required
to perfect the reduction of the city by
steady Investment. An expectation Is
still entertained here. however, that
this assault will be unnecessary
through Toral au rendering before It
begins. It was perhaps the spread of }/?
this belief caused by a knowledge of
the more energetic steps In prospect
that tended to remove largely the feel*
tng of depression manifested at the .'tt
opening of the day upon the clrcula-.f||
tlon of rumors of the appearance of yel?
low fever in the American camps. Re?
garding the future .of Santiago nothing
has been officially stated, but it is sig?
nificant that orders were Issued from
the Department this afternoon to pre
pare the First and Second Regiments
of volunteer Immunes for immediate '?>?>
departure for the front. This would ?
seem to Indicate a purpose on the part
of the government tn garrison San- 1
tlago with the fever proof men after
its capitulation, thus permitting the re?
moval of the regular troops to more "?.
Turning to the far East, it was re?
freshing to receive today good news
again from Dewey. In fact it Is be?
ginning to be remarked that that offl- ;??
cer is usually able to make felicitous ~s
reports. The administration Is very'?"*?
much pleased with the readiness shown? IS
by the Admiral In meeting the errave
issue presented to him at Sublg bay and
just reported, as he did. Naval offi?
cers, too. were not a little gratified at :;5>
the speedy retirement of the German
cruiser Irene after the appearance of
the Raleigh and Concord. A compari?
son of the ships shows that the Irene
was much the superior to either of the
two American vessels, and in tonnage
was almost as large as the Raleigh
and Concord together. From this it is
inferred that the retirement of tho
Irene was from motives of general
policy, rather than from any indispo?
sition to try conclusion with the two'
American ships. The Irene Is a protec- H
ted emlsor. built of steel, with three
screws, two funnels and two military ?
masts: 4.400 tons. Her protected deck
is of steel three inches thick. Her ar?
mament consists of fourteen 6-inch
guns, eight one pounders, four torpedo
tubes and one torpedo vedette boat.
The Raleigh is of 3.1S3 tons and the
Concord of 1.700 tons. The Raleigh has
? protected deck of 1 1-4-inch thtcknes".
'and the Concord a protected steel deck
I 1-1-inches. Together the two
?Inns have about forty guns,
ne' guns and eight torpedo
armor the German ship Is.
tubes In armor me unmau -~
much stronger than the Americans but
the \mericans had the advan?
tage In number and general effectlve
"Tn 'official quarters here there appears
to be no disposition to look upbn the
Im n ,,f the Irene as a menace wblch
?q requiVe explanation. It was
I ugh first that this outward show
or force on the part of the <3ejma"
Chips might lead to an Inquiry by this
many Thus rar no? or to
Remember the Globe clearing sale of :
t .,v ?? (?",, shoet 79 cents at McComb,...
Hughis & Co! 252 Twenty-eighth stret
Big half-price sale of men's pants
at mA. Hughes & Co.. 252 Twenty
eighth street. ,ys"lf'