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ENEMIES OP BEES.
They Are Numerous and Intelli?
gent in Their Mischiei
Parasites of the Insect World That
Are Too Laiy to Work ami ?trit
to Rob the Industrious
To the etudent of natural history a
morning at the apiary seems well spent,
not alone in watching the maneuvers ot
the honey bee. but in observing the
various dwellers of the insect world who
hover about the home of the bees in
'the hope of snatching a taste ot stolen
But it is not the stranger insects only
who annoy the apiary of bees; the ro!>
ber honey bees from other apiaries, and
even from hives in the same apiary, are
apt not infrequently to cause a skir?
These robbers, too !a7.y to seek among
.the iiowers their lawful booty, dart
about the entrances of the hives, striv?
ing by art and celerity to enter onti
bear away to their own hive the pil?
If the colony which they are trying
.to rob is a strong- one, the marauders
?are quickly pounced upon by the bees
who guard the entrance to the hive,
and by these guards they ore rolled
over and nipped at and stung if pos?
The robber usually makes a plucky
fight, and os bees are clothed in tin
armor of scales a sting must enter bc
"tween them to be fatal, else the robber,
in his valiant struggle for liberty, es?
capes unharmed. But if the colony is
weak and its guards arc few listless,
the robbers often succeed in destroying
it. Frequently in the spring or early
summer, when the bees are being fed
sugar sirup in little wooden troughs
;for the purposes of brood-rearing, less
Industrious insects and other hymen
optera visit these feeding places, alight?
ing at the troughs whenever they can.
and, by swift darting escaping the ven?
geance of the baes, succeed in snatching
many coveted sips.
Sometimes the bees arc so greedily
occupied in cramming their little honey
sacs that they trouble themselves very
little about the intruders, and the lat?
ter drink up the sirup side by side with
their sharp-tempered little neighbors.
The yellow jackets fly in great num?
bers about the apiary at feeding time,
but they do not try to gain an en?
trance to the hive, and many kinds of
?wasps fly back and forth between their
'nests and the feeding trough at regular
intervals, as described by Sir John Lub
Thc-most beautiful of the wasps Is a
;slim, brilliant, dark bitte insect, prob?
ably one of the solitary wasps seeking
for bees to feed to her young, as well as
Blue flies and bright, green ones, and
many others less gayly lined, constant?
ly are seen on the porch of the hive,
trying to fly through the entrance, but
the guards dart at them just as con?
stantly, finding them a great nuisance,
for the guard bees are seldom quick
enough to catch the flics, and so the
latter keep them all the time '"shooing"
Ofttimes a bright-eyed brown toad
will be spied sitting close by a hive,
waiting patiently till a bee. comes close
enough for him to lick him down with
Its lightning-like tongue.
Kingbirds fly swooping down on the
npiary to catch the little honey gath?
erers, and the cunning spiders spin
their webs where tiie bees will become
enmeshed and struggle to death. But
most dangerous to the welfare of the
colony are the moths and the ants
when tbey gain a foothold in the
The moth lays eggs In the comb,
nnd these develop into disgusting large
white worms, which tunnel their way
through webby galleries in the wax,
eating up everything and devastating
The Italian bees have proved them?
selves the most eilicicnt in keeping the
moth from the hive.
Jn southern countries, where ants
are numerous, all sorts of contrivances
Rre resorted to in the hope of keeping
the apiary clear of them.
It is amusing to watch a guard bee
seize upon an enemy and conquer him.
The bee holds the hostile insect in its
front legs, pinching it and rolling it
about and also stinging it if possible.
When the invader is made helpless the
conquering bee, still holding her vic?
tim in lier forelegs, makes strenuous
efforts to fly with her heavy burden,
nnd finally succeeding, she rises w\lU
her closely clasped victim and, when
at a certain distance from the hive,
Sometimes it takes several of the
guards to overcome the struggling ene?
my, and togciher they push the insect
over the porch of the hive.
The bees, if simply wounded, some?
times succeed in getting back to their
own hive, but, being incapacitated for
work, 1 lioy are no longer welcome
?there, and only meet with repulse from
their fellow colonists, and, excluded
from their hive, they crawl off some?
where and die. For in the cooperation
of the colony of bees, each has her ap?
pointed task, cither to gather pollen,
bring water or guard the hive, nnd
when unfitted for these tasks, and no
longer necessary to the wcltare of the
colony, she is turned out to perish.
T'or with the bees life means indus?
try, aud in a well-regulated colony of
about 40,000 bees, and where bees are
flying in and out the hive every sec?
ond, nothing seems to be considered
but the perpetuation of the species.
The butterfly and other insects appear
to enjoy, but the honey bee works, day
and night, arid every labor that it per
forms'spcaks for futurity and not The
AN AFTERNOON TOILETTE.
A Figured Foalnrrt Made l'p with
Soft Silk for a Warm Antnmn
Although autumn fashions are in
order and there are many gowns of
heavy materials on exhibition, a great
majority of afternoon toilettes for
September and October afternor.s are
developed in figured and checked foul?
ards pleasingly combined with soft
silks, ribbons and velvets.
Nasturtium red foulard delicately
striped and polka dotted with black is
employed in developing this afternoon
NASTURTIUM ItF.D FOULARD WITH
toilette. The skirt is a tight-fitting
riding habit skirt buttoning at the left
side under a band of black ribbon
velvet which extends down the side
Benin almost to the foot of the skirt.
At this point the ribbon is rounded
sharply away and brought across the
front and up the left side of thetunie,
which falls over a foundation skirt
elaborately trimmed in clover lenf de?
sign with narrow bands of the figured
The bodice, which fastens at the
right side, is finished at the opening
with a jabot ruffle of the dress mate?
rial braided with the velvet trimming.
The yoke is of plain silk, square in cut
and simply trimmed with the black rib?
bon. HELEN GREY-PAGE.
THE NEW BOLERO ETON.
A Very Smart DeilKn That Is Taking
the riuce of tbe Early
The becoming little Eton bolero is j
really ubiquitous. It is a delightful
combination of the two garments and
is often impressed into service as a
jacket in place of the autumn coat.
The latest Eton bolero is treated to
many rows of stitching and is trimmed
with braids and buttons until it is a
AN ETON BOLERO IN RUSSIA BL?H
marvel in artistic tailoring. The neck
is cut low and round and in this way
the expensive yoke trimming of the
bodice is shown.
This stylish suit has a skirt and
jacket rif Russian blue cloth lined
throughout with Paradise green. The
skirt is close Utting over the hips and
fastens at the right side under a wide
seam which is trimmed with buttons
and lacings of black silk.
The Eton bolero lias epaulettes
which are scalloped and faced on the
outside with narrow bands o? black
satin. These fall over close fitting
sleeves that bell at the wrist.
A broad belt with a deep silver
buckle confines Cue waist.
II IC I.EN GREY-PAGE.
A Fad of the Season.
This is emphatically an crn of the
sachet, or perfume cushion, as it is
sometimes called. Perfume, in this
powdered form has measurably super?
seded the liquid extracts that are now
in the market, even the most exquisite
ones. Being more delicate and elusive
in this form it is considered more re?
fined than the extracts. Its perma?
nence is another point of superiority
over the liquid perfumes. Mode up
in little silk or woolen haps powder is
v?=ed to diffuse a delicate perfume in
wnrdmbrs, bureau drawers, writing
eases, handkerchief boxes and wliere
ever npprirc! is stored.
OUK WARES WANTED.
Unique Fields for Our Windmills
Snpcrlor Workmanship of American
Made Machines Makes Them
Preferred in Foreign
It has reccnih' been discovered by the
Austrian minister of commerce and na?
tional economy, as lie is called, that
while other European nations are en?
larging- the profitable scope of their for?
eign trade, Austria among European
nations is falling backward, and suffer?
ing from the effects of a competition
wliich the Vienna government does
nothing to counteract. Therefore it is
seriously proposed that the Austrian
minister of commerce shall delegate to
various individuals the task of repre?
senting Austrian interests abroad, and
to serve as national "drummers" in aid
of their expansion. It is pointed out
that there are abroad many profitable
fields for the investment of Austrian
capital and the utilization of Austrian
labor, and the bureau of foreign com?
merce at Vienna hopes soon to be en?
gaged in work connected with them.
Meanwhile, however, American rep?
resentatives abrot^t are not idle in pro?
posing methods whereby the interests
of citizen-subjects of Uncle Sam may
be promoted, and one such project
conies from classic Athens in the sug?
gestion conveyed by the American con?
sul at the Greek metropolis to the state
department that there is now a chance
of introducing American windmills
into Greece. An Athenian firm has.it
appears, agreed to buy and erect otic
windmill in a conspicuous location as a
sample and is confident that it can sell
others. The firm wishes to proceed
very carefully in its choice of this sam?
ple, in order to get the mill that will
work best under the conditions. The
members of the firm wish to deal with
an American establishment, because
they believe that the Americans excel >
in the construction of this article.
The islands and mainland of Greece
possess innumerable small farms, laid
out in vineyards, vegetable gardens and
.orange and lemon groves. The soil is
rich, but the important question is that
?? water, wliich, when found, is near
the surface and supplied to the land by
means of wells worked by machinery
with mule or horse power. Many of the
land proprietors are well to do and
could afford windmills. Greece, it ap?
pears, is so cut up by the sea that there
is hardly a day in the year without a
breeze. During the seasons, July and
August in particular, the wind is
strong. A mill so constructed that it
will work either in a light or strong
wind is needed. It would also be more
salable if it could perform services
other than the mere drawing of water,
such as grinding grain.
Another field for American industry,
it is pointed out in a bulLetin to the
state department, is in the island of
Madeira, where it appears that prac?
tically no wheeled vehicles are used.
The streets of Funclial are paved with
small, smooth stones brought from the
seashore. The ground is carefully pre?
pared, and the small stones are well
laid down, and when a square is finished
it is pounded to a level with a heavy
maul. Some of these pavements have
been laid fur more than 200 years and
are better to-day than when first laid [
down. Time and use have made them
solid and smooth. They ride in Funchal
in sleds drawn by oxen, on horses-and
in hammocks and in carriages on run?
ners, livery driver carries a rag or
coarse towel saturated with grease.
This, from time to time, he puts down
in front for the runners to pass over,
in summer, during the dry season, the
grease and friction make the pavements
almost ns smooth as glass, and this
compels the buying of Madeira-mnde
boots. The soles of these boots are
spongy and cling to the pavement. The
claim is made that Madeira offers op?
portunities for theinvestrnentof Amer?
ican capital in bicycles.?K. Y. Sun.
GIG, A FLIRTING GIRL.
A Term That Is Found In the
Works of Old English
"Gig" has one or two obsolete and
rare meanings of interest. It is obso?
lete in its meaning of a flighty girl,
though a writer so comparatively mod?
ern as Mme. D'Arblay wrote in her
diary: '"Charlotte L-called, and the
?ittle gig told all the quarrels." In the
sense of an oddity or fool the word
probably survives locally. Whyte-Mcl
ville makes some one say in "Kate Cov?
entry:" "Such a set of 'gigs,' my dear,
I never saw in my life. * * * not a
good-looking man among them." Yet
note that the word is put into quota
j tion marks. "Jn high gig" meant in
j high spirits. "Gig" had the third mean?
ing of fun, glee. Sir Walter Bcsant lo?
cates the phrase in the ';J0s of this cen?
tury in his "Fifty Years Ago:" "A
laughter-loving lass of 13 who dearly
loved a bit of a k'g-" No connection !
with "giggle" is suggested. By the
way, I sec that Mr. Leslie Stephen lias
had the temerity to write of the house
of commons "giggling over some deli?
cious story of bribery and corruption."
Although "gig," a flighty girl, is ob
! solete, "giglet," meaning the same
thing, is apparently not so. A writer
in Chambers' Journal uses it with ef?
fect in the sentence: "Why should fe?
male clerks in the postal service consist
.of pert giglets hardly out of their
teens'.'" "Gig'et fairs" (for liiring fe?
male farm servants) are still held in the
/west of England.?Academy.
.tie I tori.
? "I will," is the motto of Chicago. "I
can," is the motto of the.fruit preserv?
er.?Chicago Daily News.
We have a few left and will offer them at unheard of reductions never before
known, if take'1 this "week.
Ten pianos are <:enroute" for Newport News that should have gone to another
city, making ia all 35. They mu3t be sold AT ONCE. .
The COMPANY says, "SELL E'm," rather than send even one Piano of the 35
shipped here back to the factory. Since we started this "Special Introductory" sale at
FACTORY COST, we have sold some of the best people in this city, customers who
knew a good piano when they saw it, and were willing to purchase bargains. Business
men, laboringmen, of all kinds, have secured Pianos at this sale, and in each case have
saved from $109 to ?300, or enough to educate their families in music.
BEFORE WE BOX the few we have left and reship the
10 coming we will deduct the freight and cartage back to the fac=
tory from the wholesale factory cost and give the benefit to our
customers instead of the railroads.
If you intend to purchase a piano inside of the next two years it will pay you
largely to attend this sale. We will not quote prices, but will assure all interested
that they will be lower than ever heard of before in this or any other city?and on terms
of $20 to $25 Cash and from ?S to ?10 per month.
You are ii..i buying of a stranger. I sohl mure pianos in Newport News last fall in one month than has been
sol.l by til! tl'.o agents ami canvassers in the town since. Reference?All my old customers ami nearly -H new ones
in last two weeks?and a piano that is made on honor and sold on its merit. If you have a piano in your homo on
trial, come and sei' what we will do for you.
Slope Open Evenings
or Money Refunded,
NO CHARGE for EXAMINATION
Spectacles and Eye Glasses of J
all kinds accurately fitted.
A full assortment of Diamonds, Watches, Clocks and Jewelry,
}he largest ever shown in this city, Prices and quality of goods
guaranteed, Call and hear the rew Granvo-phone. We have
them for sale.
222 Twenty-eighth street
That fit. We are caret"ill in every detail.
Our line i>l" imported an(.l_domestic suiting is the finest in the city.
Ot'R PIUCES ARU 1UUHT, TOO. THE LATEST STYLE SILK
LINED OVERCOAT, OUR LEADER, $30.00. It's nobby, stylish ami
iiangs just right.
Come in and look over our g.iods anyway, we'll be pleased to show
Remember, we guarantee perfect lit.
EVSSCH AELSOM BROTHERS,
26(>7 Washington Avenue. Citizens' Phone, 229.
Schmelz Brothers, Bankers
NEWPORT NBW3, VA.
Offer ITJ-ie>1r Cuetoiuer? Every Accoinmoda
tfon Consistent VA/ItH Sesf'e? EJ?r?Ktr?g:,
Accounts of individuals, firms and corporations solicited. Collect ions made
on all parts of the country. Freign drafts issued on all parts of the world.
Deposits received from 10 cents to $!>,000, and interest allowed at the rate of
FOUR PER CENT. PER ANNUM.
SURETY DEPOSIT BOXES FOR RENT.
ONLY SAKKTT RONES IN TUE CITY SECURED BY TIME LOCK.
G. B. West, President; D. S. Jones, Vice President; W. R. Vi
OF NEWPORT NEWS, VA.
CAPITA I. Sftl.OOO. SURPLUS 52.S.00U
PAID IH DIVIDENDS, $21.000.
A general banking business. Every facility offered for safe and prompt
transaction of business on favorable terms. Tlie accounts of corporations,
firms and individuals solicited. Special attention given to collections. Drafts
drawn on all parts of the world. ;
SPECIAL SAVINGS DEPARTMENT
INTEREST ALLOWED ON DEPOSITS OF $1 AND UPWARD.
D.I REC TORS.
G. C. West, II. U. Parker, T. M. IJ cuson, J. B. Jennings. L. P. Stearnes.
E. T. Ivy. D. S. Junes. A. C. Garrett. J. M. Curtis.
We point with pride to the business
landmark which four years of unceas?
ing effort has established. It is the
pleasure of our life to cater to the
wants of the bargain hunting public.
The current week we are offering a
? ???m.ymri'c.-rsfjp?. -J
Mason's best fruit Jars, 60c, 76c, and
$1.00 per dozen.
Preserve crocks % gal. up to 6 gals.
10c and up.
Bean pots, (Boston) 15c and up.
Rebecca tea pots, 15c and up.
Yellow bowls and baking pans, BOo
Limoge Stock Pattern.
Prettiest pattern you ever saw.
Sell you one piece or 100 pieces din?
ner set. Stock pattern white China of
same goods. Odd pieces white French
China at half price.
If you love pretty things take a look
a I our new line of local views painted
on fine thin china.
Have You Got That Filter Yet?
2915 & 29(7
Washington - ?wenne,