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8Tf\0 Haiiji tyt ess*
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0* tbe PUBLISHER OPTHKUA.ILY PKRS8.
RAILROAD BLUFFS SHOULD BE
in the effort to arrive at Just con?
clusions regarding the compensation
allowed for railway transportation of
mails, It Is Important to keep in mind
the fact that reform In thin respect
Ih by no menus n new proposition.
The claim which some of the carriers
seek to set up, Hint tho provision of
the postal appropriation bill has been
sprung suddenly upon them, und that
they had no opportunity for a hear
ing, Is wholly fallacious. Not only Is
It true thnt. the Congressional Com?
mission, on whose report the suggest
tid legislation Is based, gave nil Inter?
ested parties a chance to be heard,
but six weeks ago the House commit?
tee set apart two days for the speo'al
benefit of the roads. Though somo
of the railroad representatives were
then in Washington they failed to -ip
The Inference, strengthened by
many circumstances, Is that I hoy re?
ceived assurances from inside the
committee that their Interests would
be safeguarded, and that they need
not court publicity by presenting their
But the agitation for reduction of
charges for railway mail service Is
much older than the present bill. K.~>r
more than a decode the Postoffice De?
partment and everv commission thnt
looked Into the question, has made
revelations of the extortionate com?
pensatio!! paid. Attention has been
repeatedly called to the fact that no
readjustment of rates has been ef?
fected for nearly a third of a cen?
tury, though there has been phenom?
enal cheapening of transportation In
every other line. On several occasions
it bns been shown that the govern?
ment regularly paid Tor the annual
rental of postal cars more tlnn their
original cost, and then paid addition
ally for the hauling of mail in them
It will not be oasv to persuade eith?
er the people or the Congress that nil
the mass <>r Information and statistics
prepared on this subject utterly
misleading, or that the concutM~ns
reached are worthless. To know
whether a reduction in payments for
any service Is just. It is necessary
first to know whether the existing
chinges are loo high, and on ties
point there has been no substantial
difference of opinion since the report
of the rirst inquiry Into the matter,
eleven years ago. The clOiidf have
boon gntherlng all that tin: \ andrto
ehr rncterUo the committee s room
mwontlon as lightning out >f clear
sky requires an assurance w \,nh nor.r
bul experienced special plcndcK .ni l
As for the threats that Irahis im?
pf riant to the postal ser.ie^ will
hl.ve to |>e discontinued uu'iess the
government continues to my exorbi?
tant prices for a very minute portion
or the business they do. Congress If
in position to call the bluff
MANY AWFUL DI0A8TER8.
The new year was ushered In by
several fearful railroad disasters, and
these woro followed by tidal waves
and earthquakes thnt caused the loss
of hundreds of lives and then there
v.;ts an epidomic, so to speak, of inlno
catastrophes, mid now it is tlie marine
disasters that are occupying the at?
tention of the world. The dreadful
fate of the liner Berlin Is the latest
of the awful series of marine disas?
ters that have recently occurred and
the thought naturally arises where 1b
In the Berlin horror there has been
no charge of carelessness or bad sea?
manship thus far. It was her unfor?
tunate lot to be overtaken by a terri?
fic storm and driven against Jetty, and
In a few moments great waves of al?
most unlimited force broke her in two
and all on board were lost. Accord?
ing to the first reports cowardice on
the part of many of the passengers
played an Important part In the large
loss of life. That wild panic which
has fear for Its basis and in which
all that is the lowest in the animal
will assert itself, was responsible for
the loss of ninny lives. There did
not seem to be the usual heroism at?
tached to the Berlin accident that
usually accompanies marine disasters.
The old adage that "self preservation
Is the first law of nature" evidenth
asserted Itself in a most emphatic
INCREASING NUMBER OF DI?
According to a preliminary estimate
made by the census bureau, there
have boon 60,000 divorces granted an?
nually iu the United States during the
last 20 years. The total number grant?
ed from lSSt! to 1906 was about 1,000,
000. Philadelphia shows a greater In?
crease than Chicago, which in the
public mind has the reputation of be?
ing a divorce city. Even Boston Is
showing greater Increases than Chi?
The estimates of the burenu indi?
cate that the number of applications
for divorce filed throughout the Unit?
ed States during the 20-year period
from lSKii to 190C will reach the enor?
mous lotnl of 1,400.000. It Is esti?
mated that three-fourths of the ap?
plications hnvo boon granted, which
brings the number of divorces to the
In tlie 20-year period from 1806 to
ISSii, for which divorce statistics were
secured, the total number of divorces
On their face the figures indicate a
stupendous Increase, but when the
rnllo they bear to the population is
considered, It Is not so great, though
still largo enough to warrant the se?
rious consideration of the American
people. Upon the basis of the aver?
age annual population of each period,
it appears that the number of divorces
In the first period wns 33 per 100,000
of population for the whole United
States, and approximately 70 per 100.
000 for the second period. It is esti?
mated, therefore, that for the wholo
country divorces have more than dou?
li President Roosevelt, had to line?
up at. a lunch counter some night with
a crowd of drunken blue-jackets, per?
haps he wouldn't be so strong on ' re?
spect for the uniform."
Poor old .lohn b, Ills map of busi?
ness tolls us that his yearly income
only amounts to a paltry twenty mil?
Genorul Booth wants to have some
rich mini found a university for the
study of mankind. If It was mad.-'
for the study of womankind its field
would tie unlimited.
Evelyn Thaw in tears? it is enough
to make even the believer that nil
the world Is good, smile.
Stuintor Bailey can't bo beat when
it comes to shotgun talk.
l WITH THE PARAGRAPHERS. j
It's getting almost as dangerous
to travel by sea as by land?Wash?
Senator Smoot has begun to rlvai
tho tariff as a permanency tn Con
grcr/sionaJ debate.?Washington Star.
Not many years will pass before
Mr. Lodge will claim to be the fath?
er of tariff reform.?Springfield Re?
The New York World snv? Sir
Henry Mortimer Durand ""found
'Washington wearing." Wearing -what
and wihen??Jlouston Post.
Wo used to hear of Chinese fond?
ness for eating puppies. Now the
unfortunate famine sufferers are liv?
ing on bark?New York Mail.
Mr. Harriman'R attack of indiges?
tion must he sontoHhng serious. Tfo I
has not .swallowed a ill Broad for sev?
eral days?Cleveland leader.
Nicaragua and Honduras are
scratching each other's face in spite
nf all flho advice to behave that
has been shouted a', them.?Balti?
How str?ng.- the V. S. Senators
must fed with the Smoot case sot
j tied!?Boston Olobe.
j Whether it is liking for 'P'taw or
I hatred for Jerome, there is no doubt
of this month.
Our Expert Cutter
w ill be with us, ready
to take your measure
and make your Suit
2715 Washington Ave
whore tho sympathies of the Hearst
papers lib In tihc present trial.?
MANY PROBLEM PLAYS.
First Business of Dramatist is to Pro?
duce Good Play.
With plays revolving about the
problems of the centralization ot
wenlth. the divorce question, political
corruption, labor and capital, and
other subjects much In tho public
mind, It would Boem that in this year
or grace the stage of New York Is bent
upon becoming a reformatory institu?
tion. Of course tho real purpose of
these plays is to make money, and
not all of them solve even that impor?
tant problem. As for the other prob?
lems?they get nowhere at all. They
may start out with a flue show of
earnest Intention to achieve some?
thing, but they end up either by mere?
ly affording a pleasant evening's en?
tertainment or by boring audiences
extremely. So they accomplish exact?
ly the same result as other plays that
make no pretensions of purpose,
whether ethical, economic, or socio?
There are those who really believe.
In a ?simple, honest way, that the lat?
ter-day drama is serious and to some
degree 11 pliftintr. They do not real?
ize thnt the first business of a dra?
matist is to produce a good play; that
if he doesn't do that, ho fails, no
matter how profound are his ideas or
how high his ideals. If. in addition to
writing a really good play, he can of
fer a solution of a problem that Is of
real concern to society, or even pres?
ent a problem in a new light, then his
plnv has that much additional value.
But the play, not the problem, Is of (
first importance.?"The Plnyers," in j
the March Everybody's.
A Baltimore man was one after?
noon seated In a dentist's aine-rooin
waiting his turn, when a young
woman, evincing every evidence of
Utmost agitation at the thought of
submitting to an ordeal, entered and
took a seat, beside him, Very short?
ly thereafter a series of piercing
nhrieks" came from the operating
room, whereupon the timid young
woman sprang from her seat in ter?
ror and grasping the arm of tho
colored attendant, gaspad:
"Ob. v.l.at is thati Oh. what is
' It a'".', umhin*, miss," the darky
hasfo"ed to aitanrc her. "It's only a
patient '.i be'n' treated free of
tC:hrge.,,-7 Harper's Weekly.
BEAT OUT COM HADE'S BRAINS.'
Negroes Lodged "n J I for Brutal'
(By Associated Press.) "
K A LEIGH. N. C, Feb. 22.?.
special from N'lennor, N. C. to the
News and Observer, says thnt at a
h'KKlng camp at that place, yester?
day, two negroes bear. out. th" brains
of a comrade 'with clubs. After tho
deed was done Kley fled, passing
t)'-or a wrecking crew on tT.io Nor?
folk and Southern railroad, whoro
they were arrested.
Olio of the negroes started to run.
but an officer shot him in the leg
and stopped hts flight. T'lo n"groos
were taken to Hartford today, and
after examination, were committed
to Jail witfhout bill.
The namos of the parties have
not. hon learned. The motive for
the crime is not clear. It is stated
that tho murderers were stil>er.
FIVE HUNDRED MILLION.
Value of Enormous Cotton Ship?
ments Last Year.
(By Associated Press.)
AVAS HINT, TON. I). Cy. Feb. 22 ?
America's pocket book was enriched
by practically $.r,on.onn,nno throngi
its exportation* last year of eor
ton and the products- of that Maple,
according to a statinem issued todav
by the bureau of statistics of the
department of commerce and labor.
The exports of these ?prnduets
amounted to one fourth of (fth $1 -
773.OQp.Q00 worth of t?0 domestic
THE HUMAN MACHINE
MAN'S BODY AND ITS WONDERS OP
Mnnv of Mm- InTrntton* of the Dny
Arf Infringement* on (lie Clever
and i ii er n lo 11? Devices Reirlatered
In Nntiire'n I'nlpnl Offlve.
So fearfully anil wonderfully Is the
human body undo thnt scientists nro
beginning to realize thnt many of tho
Inventions of the day are infringe?
ment < on nature's patent ofllce. A
g Kid deal of trouble nnd worry In tho
past could have been avoided hud In?
ventors made a careful study of the
devices employed In making these hu?
man bodies of ours the useful things
they are. The principle" of tho block
nnd pulley or the tackle could have
been discovered ages before had tho
tiles of nature's patent office been ran
wicked, for there are oeveral complete
pulleys in the body, notably tlie one
Which moves the eyeball Inward to?
ward the nose.
Engineers made exhaustive tests nnd
experiments before they discovered
that a hollow shaft or rod of iron or
stoel Is nbout twice as strong as a
solid one. Yet nature had patented
this device in our bones since the binli
of Adam ninl Kve, and every impor?
tant bone Is practically constructed on
lliis principle. The ball and socket of
the hip bones were the forerunners of
the modern In-11 bearings, and it was
the Ilrst automatic oiling machine used
in the world. The value of air pres?
sure and a vacuum was unknown to
man uutil the last century, but every
oue of us carried the secret In the air
tight hip joint which nature had as?
signed to lessen the muscular effort to
hold our legs upright In position. . I
Engineers have made wonderful
progress in developing compound suc?
tion and circular pumps, but till of tho
prluclples contained in them aro found
In the heart, and tills little pumping
machine Is still without a rival in the
The principles of the safety valve
for steam engines are not so new as
they seem. Our human bodies carry
with them *he first automatic sufety
valves ever designed. There are up
ward of 2,600,000 of them. VVc cab
them by the common name of sweat
glands. Each such little gland lias s
safety valve which lots off heat from
the body who:: It gets beyond a safe
temperature. \\"e cannot stand a rise
of more than 8 to 10 degrees of tem?
perature nud live. If therefore tho
2,ri(X),000 safety valves were closed for
twenty-four hours, death would super
Adam's apple was the first storage
cistern ever built, nnd It works with
automatic regularity through health
and sickness. It is a most Importnnt
organ of the body, although for cen?
turies It was considered a superfluous
attachment. It regulates Hie How of
blood between the heart nnd tho brain.
When It ceases to operate, somebody
dies of apoplexy or a rush of blood to
the brain. When the heart sends up
too much blood to the head, the Adam's j
apple steps In to chock tho flow and
store it up for future emergencies, if
the heart ^temporarily weakened or
put out of TJootl running order, thn
blood stored In this cistern is given up
nud sent to the brain. Tlie perfect
working of this little device is appar?
ent when we consider how compara?
tively few (lit* of rush of blood to tho
brain or from a deficiency of supply.
The eye has n score of small Inven?
tions worthy of recording, the ear
nearly as many n;o'.-fs and toe vitul
organs an equal number, 'there Is tho
liver with its quarantine station. Let
any poisons enter our systems with
food and they nre immediately neld up
at this quarantine station and destroy?
ed by a secret process. It is only
when poisons enter In largo quautltles
that the station cannot handle them.
Hut the stomach co-operates with tho
liver nnd intercepts some of tho poi?
sons. There nre small machines there
which manufacture minute quantities
of hydrochloric acid from the salts
eaten. This acid Is made in exnet pro?
portion to tho nmount of food consum?
ed and suffices to destroy the microbes
which wo swallow. Hut there Is even
a third quarantine station located in
tlie month. Millions of microbes aro
destroyed In the mouth dally by tho
Juices elaborated there for this'very
purpose. If It was not for these threa
quarantine stations working continu?
ously night and day. we should be kill?
ed oft' by microbes within an hour aft?
er eating a meal.
In the ear there Is a little device
which might have bacn the origiunl of
our modern compressed air Inventions.
The delicate drum of the ear must have
nn equal pressure from the outside and
Inside to receive and transmit, the
sound vibrations. To make tills pos?
sible the eustachian tube was devised.
Its function is to regulate the air pres?
sure Inside the ear., Let it fail to work,
nud one becomes stone deaf.
In the bones of the head there are
many little channels hollowed out
which nre called the semicircular ca?
nals. These canals are filled with fluid
lymph. For centuries no one could un?
derstand their meaning. Some phy?
sicians considered them of no use.
This tendency to belittle organs In thn
human body whose functions could not
he explained has characterized inore
tlinn one generation of savants. Now
these peculiar semicircular canals are
known to lie wonderful little devices to
assist us In keeping our balance. They
act n g.nid deal as the ballast does on
a ship, or, more properly speaking, like
1he fluid in a spirit level. The brain
keeps an eye <ui Ibis spirit level and is
made conscious of the body's relative
position. Tlie fluid flows back and
forth hi tli? eannN. and when we get
It at n ihiugcroiift angle the brain
knows it.?New York Tribune.
SPOT CASH?NO GOODS DELIVERED;
WE BUY YOUR SACK8.
licet Sugar Feed, per 100 lb3.,.
Choice Timothy Hay, per 100 lbs.
No. 1 Timothy Hay, per IOO Idb.
No. 2 Timothy and JNo. 1 Mixed Hay, per 100 lbs...
Ship Stuff, tacked, per 100 lbs . .
Bran, sacked, per 100 lbs.
Virginia water ground white bolted Meal, sacked.
Cracked Corn, per 100 lbs .
No. 2 Mixed Corn, sacked, per bushel.
No. 2 White Oats, sacked per bushel.
Dunlop'd Superlative Flour, per bbl.
Dunlop's Superlative Flour, 116th Sacks.
Choice White Michigan Potatoes, per sack, 150 lbs...
Choice Michigan H. P. P. Beans, per sack, H>0 lbs...
KAN AW HA GRAIN CO., Inc.
34th Street and C. & O. Trac-ks,
FUST ACROSS TUR URIDUE. NEWPORT NEWS.
SCHMELZ BROTHERS, BANKERS,
The i?mall depositor at this
Bank receives the same
courtesy and consideration
that is shown the large
on savings accounts
|0 and certificates Of
THE STRONGEST BANK IN THE CITY.
W. A. PORT, PrcsldenL
J. It. SWIN1CRTON, Vice-Pres
J. A. WILLETT, CaBhier.
ARTHUR IJ2E, Asst. Cashier.
The First National Back
U. S. GOVERNMENT DEPOSITORY, CITY DEPOSITORY, CITI?
Surplus and Profits...
Other Resources make total over. $1,000,000.00
Citizens' and Marine
For the People
Of the People
By the People |
E. QUINCY SMITH.
A. L. POWELL,
WM. H. KELLOO.
The Newport News National Bank
U. S. Government Depositary
Transacts a general banking buslnesB. Four per cent, interest
allowed on savings accounts.
In ail Parts of the City
Hotel Warwick Building/
?Sold by the?
Newport News Distilled Ice Co.
Is guaranteed to give entire satisfaction; all coal kept under sheds,
and 1b always screened.
FRED. W. SANPORD, General Manager.
Thirty-fifth Street and C. & O. Railway.
Bell Phone 98. Citizens Phone, SOU
eimu up COLDS
In fit? lailour.t
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1^?-?.. ftralna. 40 Jrar./ pra.Ct.at Jk fl rnn' h..pH.I n#?>*
I? .n(.Crmu>>. Vnil rar "Rank," tail. .11,.TB*.1a??r)fr
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