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Publishers asd Proprietor.
Office No. 1 rUcPjeraoa'a Block, h Stair .
Terms, in Advance
OnaAip, one yr. , ,,, , ni , ,, , ,
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BEOWNVILLE, NEBRASKA, THURSDAY, MARCH 31, 18T0.
VOL: -14. NO. 21.
general nshuss arbs.
- B. HEWXTT.
HEWETT & NEWMAN.
iTTOKNEY.S i COUNSELORS AT LAW.
' ., -v- to -MVPhersnn Block, up Stairs.
UltlCC, .... ." - ;
FRENCH fc ROGERS,
TTORNEYS & COlSELORS AT LAW.
Office in Court House Building,
tt-mriie diligent attention to any legal business
f5W.W to their care. - - J
" JOB A. DILLON.
XTTOUNEY fc COUNSELOR. AT I.A1V
nnd General Lnud Agent,
Tecumseh, Johnson County, Nebraska.
- J. N. REYNOLDS.
iTlORSBYt COUNSELOR. AT LAW,
omen-No- 00, Reynolds Hotel.
" THOMAS & BROADT,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW AND SOLICITORS
OFFICE District Court Room.
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW,
Nebraska Citj , Nebraska.
"" IJ. F. PERKINS,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW,
Tccumseh, Johnson County. Neb.
NYE tt HUMPHREY,
ITTOUNKVS fc COUNSELORS AT LAW,
I'nw nee City, Taw nee Co.. Neb.
" N. K. GRIGGS,
.ITTORNEY AT LAWANI LAND AGENT,
IteJtricc. Gage Count) , Ne brasku.
VT. K. TvLM BERLIN, M. D.
WITSICI VN AND SURGEOX TO SEB.
E1E AND EAR. INFIUMAR.Y.
OrncE-v Main-st. 0kfick Hoi'iis-7 a.m. toG iv.
IL a TJIURMAN,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
unlet No. 85 Main street,
Oftw hours from 7 to 11 a.nu ang 1 to i p.m.
II. 1 MATHEWS,
JPHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
onice in City I)ruR Store. Maln-st.
C. F. STEWART, M. D.,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
Office in D. II. Leis &Co.'s Drug Store.
WEce hiturs from 7 to 0 .. m.; nnd 1 to 2 and 6', to
R. V. HUGHES,
REAL ESTATE AGENT fc NOT All Y
Cffice jver Hannaford & McFiJ'r yurnitutc gtorc.
WM. II. HOOVER,
REAL KTATE A- TAX PAYING AGENT.
nnice in District Court Room.
Will zi e prompt nttentlon to the sale of Rtal Es
titeand I'uyment of Tales throughout the-niaha
LAND AND TAX PAYING AGENT.
Offlce w ith Probate Judge,
tt'ill attend to the l'uxment of Taxes furNon
RsiAenl I jiml ()i utrs In NenuiLu County. Corres
JAs, C. McNAUGIITON,
SOTAHY PUBLIC CONVEYANCER,
Othce in J. I- Carson's T..mk.
11 11 EHRIGHT,
NOTARY PUBLIC tCOXYEY ANCER,
No. 72 M.uu-st., second floor.
Ajc"t for the Imputable and American Tontine
Uf Iniirnnoe l'otiijuiik-i,
MtCREERY A MCKELL,
7)EALI:RS IX l)RUfi,STATIOXi:itY,iS:c.
No. 32 Main st.
rullasnrtineiit Drugs, Paints. nM)ks.,t.itionery,
tc, on hand, end s: J i w liolctalc or retail.
I). II. LEWIS A CO.,
K'lfB-(IBST() HOI LAI) l i. CO.
DEALHRS IN DRUG'S, .MKDICINES, &c.
No. tl Main-st.
FORTl-AUDIXG AND COMMISSION
Ofllce and Warcroom il Main-t..
Dealer In -all kinds of Grain and Country Pr
GEO. G. START & I1RO.,
DKALKRS IN GRAIN, PRODUCE, A-e.
The highest mnrktt price paid for antli!nRthe
farmer can raise. We w ill buy and sell everj thins
Inoun to the market.
r, E. JOHNSON & CO.
DEALERS ING EN ERA L .MERCHANDISE
No. 72 Mainsu. A!cPbcrsxi Blod,
WM. T, DEN,
DEALER IX GENERAL ?.ll RCII.YNTHSE,
No. fi2 Main-st., Brow nville.
Corn Planters, Plows, Stores. Furniture, .to., al-
vson band. Highest market price paid ler Hldce,
Pt.t Furs, ami CouMry PrMluce.
OKA.LKRS IN HARDWARE, STOVES.
No. i 3Iain-st.
aUTes, Hardware. CatnnterN Tools, Dlacksmlth
yurniihlngg, Ac, constantly on hand.
JOHN C. DEUSER.
DKALER IN STOVES, TIN WARE, &.C.
" -v -N. ,-
J. H. RAUER,
HARNESS, BRIDLES, COLLARS, Etc.
Xo. 9 Maln-st.
Vending done to order. Satisfaction guaranteed.
BOOTS AND SHOES.
JJOOT AND SHOE MAKER,
No. 5S Maln-"st.
Vrf" . - .v. -i-f
tins constantly oa hand a good as? ortment of
Viecrs, uulio a. -".isses ana . uuureii a ixkju nu
!hoe. Custom work done with neatness and dls
pitca. lUpatrins done on short notice.
ISRAEL S NACE,
CITY BAKERY AND CONFECTIONERY.
No. 31 Maln-st., oppoIte City Drug Store,
rlti, Cakti, Fresh Brad, Confectionery, Light
and Fancy Groceries, constantly on bund.
COKPECTIONERY AND TOY STORE,
No, 40 Main st.
rrtth Brad. Cakes. Oysters, Fruits, etc.. on hand.
J. P. DEUSER,
DSUEll IN CONFECTIONERIES, &c
No. 44 Maln-st.
MRS. J. 11. G,RAHAM,
TEACHER OF MUSIC.
Rooms, Main-st., bet. 4th and 5th,
Ltons clren on the Piano, Organ. Melodeon,
Oclur and Vocalization. Hnvlng had eight ears
ptnence as teacher of Music In New York Is con
4nt of giving satisfaction.
BOUNTY CLAIM AGENTS.
ED. D. SMITH,
C. S. WAR CLAIM AGENT,
Washington City; D. C
Clll attend to the prosecution of claims before the
-j-s?iment In perion. for Additional Bounty, Back
7 and Pensions, and all claims accruing egalnst
ortrnment durlngthe late war.
JOSEPH HUDDARD & CO.,
PEACE AND Q.UIET SALOON.
No. 47 Maln-st.
Thbert Wines andLlquors kept on hand.
R. C. BERGER,
ALIIAMBRA BILLIARD SALOON,
No. 4. Tiltney' Block.
bn 'VImh aed Lbroers ewinrawrty n hand.
mcnil itsiness JEttrbs.
STEVENSON & CROSS, PROPRIETORS.
Front-st, lietween Main and Atlantic.
This Houe has Just bven remodeled, inside and
out. Stage OITice for alUpulnts West. Omnlbusses
to all trains. v
NATHAN N. GREEN, PROPRIETOR,
83 fc 30 Main Street. Brounville.
Rest accommodations In the city. New House,
newly furnished. In the lie.irt of business part of
city. Livery stable coin enient. 45-imi
I,. D. ROBISON, PROPRIETOR.
Front-t.t.,bet. Main and Water.
A Koort Feed and Livery Stable In connection with
C O U A T Y SURVEYOR,
Post Offlce address,
Clifton, Nemaha County, Nebraska.
A. W. MORGAN,
PROBATE JUDGE AND .TUSTICE OP
ORlce in Court House Uuildlnf.
A. D. MARSH,
PIONEER ROOK AND NEWS DEALER,
City Rook Store, No "0 Main-st.
C. W. WHEELER,
BRIDGE BUILDER &, CONTRACTOR.
Sole aKcnt ftr R. W.Smith's Patent Truss Bridge.
The!trongest mid best wooden bridge now'ln use.
Has on hand a splendid stock of Goods, and will
make them up In the latest styles, on short notice
and reasonable terms.
.1: II. BEASON,
Main-st Brow nville. Neb.
Is prepared to do all kinds of work in iron, on
short notice, and at prices in keeping with the
J. W. &. J. C. GIBSON,
BLACKSMITHS fc YIORSE SHOERS.
Flrst-st., bet Main and Atlantic.
All work done to order and satls'artlon guaranteed.
R. J. BLAKE,
CO Would rapectfully
aaniKiiiucetuat lie una
-Tl - f T jJU-i-siE-? and is now prepared
" manner. ALL oper-
SjfAJi& ations pertaining to
zi" ,srr- the clence of Iien-
Office Over City Drug Store, tront room. l
ONE DOOR WEST OF COURT HOUSE.
WAGOX MAKTXG, Repairing,
Plows, and all work ilone In tlie best
manner and on short notice. Satisfaction guaran
anteed. Give him acall. M-ly
yyi k oHUl
' &rm BROWNVILLE, KEIJ.
Has constantlv on hand a Miperlor stock of Hoots
nnd Shoes. Custom ork done with neatness and
H. E. BRYANT,
HOUSE, SIGH, AND CARRIAGE
PAIN T Ju R ,
Gra titer & JPftpcr Mfautger,
No. 00 MAIN STREET,
J. K. FRETZ,
AND SIGN PAINTEE.
OVHIt HKI.MEIt'S WAGON SHOP,
OFFERS his services to the puhlic,
with Hip rnntliU'iit belief Hint his work
will meet the approbation of his patrons.
138-tf J .
SOLE AGENTS FOR
CANTON CUPPER PLOWS!!
TILE B EST FLO W MADE!
92EDFORD & 2EOTJARO,
Are prepared to furnish
DESiaNS & SPECIFICATIONS
for all kinds of
PUBLIC AND PRIVATE,
of the latest nnd most approved st les.
ALSO TAKE CONTRACTS!
All kind of Jott Work dime to order!
CU-Shor, corner Main and Second streets,
BJIOWXVILLE. XKR. 41-y
Clocks, Watches, Jewelry
No. 59 Main Street, Brown-viUo.
Has just oponeil ami will constantly
keep on hand a larsi anil well assorted
stock ol genuine articles In his line.
Repairing of Clock, Watches, and Jew
elry done on short notice.
ALL lUOJA" WARRANTED.
Is fully prepared to do all kind. of
Gulldlng, Glazing, Paperhangin, &c.
TkTT7Ti.TrnnT a and others Interested iniw-
ent lluxinrsx should address
1EDSON BROS.. -Patent Law-earsand tollclt-ors.4--9Nlnth-st.,
Washington. D. C. for Advice
nnd Circular. lWents vbUitned or no charge.
Letter trom Jlon. I). P. Jfidlavrau- formerly ftu..
mlxxtonrr JWenU, dated Washington, March
30. 18y : "I cheerfully commend to all persons w ho
may have business In the Patent Offlce the firm of
ixlson Hros:, as gentlemen of prompt business hab
Its, and In every respect worthv of confidence."
l-3m xv Ct. Fit.
i s- xf-nss
. ir. WH.COS.
SMITH & 1HLC0X,
And dealers In all kinds of Grain, for which they
pay the highest market price In Cash.
S"0 nice at Store of F.E. Johnson &Co. lS-Cm
PHILLIPS & BARNES1
Livery. Feed, Sale and Exchange
Corner Main and Levee St..
HAVING purchased this Stable of
A. P. Cocswell.we are prepared to furnish
the bst TEAMS, BUGGIES nnd CARRIAGES In
Southern Nebraska, at LOWJT CASH BATES.
Room for Fifty Horses. Corral for Stock. Particu
lar attention paid to Feeding or Boarding 1 torses.
T45-lyJ PHILLIPS & BARNES.
NEW STOCK OF
Dry-Goods and Groceries at
A. W. ELLIS,
To accommodate the public In and about" London,
has just received, and opened up In that place, n new
GRY-GOODS, GROCERIES, READY
which he is soiling at pricis which defy competi
tion from the river tow na.
PATRONIZE IIOME.and assist inbuild
injrup a point in the interior, especially whenou
can get goods jnst as cheap, i hick is the case at the
store of Mr. Libs. 15-C
JOHN L. CARSON,
ExchattgeJ3ought.atulSoldon ill the prin
cipal cities. Also dealer In Goll and Silver
Coin, Gold Dust and
DepositslcelveL paTible at sight. Inter
est paid on. time deposits by special agree
ment. Taxes paid for non-reshlc nts.
All kinds of U. S. Bonds wanted.
A LARGE AND SPLENDID
JUST RECEIVED AT
74 ?3ain Si.
Opposite the Depot,
I?IIli:LI?iS CITV, 3XO,
W. M. STEVENS, Paoi'niETOR.
As irood nccominmlations nnd good stabling nr
offered as can be bad in the Wwst. 38-lyJ
Bronil Street, let" eet 3rt it 4th,
. II. FOWLKK,
Tills House is within .TO roils of thu V P. R. R. and
S. C. it P. R. R. Depots. J racks leave lor West
Point dally, and Lincoln trl-weekly. C-tf
MOUND CXTIT HOTEL.
Cor. North Market and Broadway,
ST LOUIS, MO.
G. A. BOYD, PROPRIETOR.
One block west of the North Market street Depot
of the N. M. It. R. '1 he street cars pass this house
for nil parts ot the citv. For all purpoiw It is the
best hotel in the city. 2tf
V. M. WYETH & CO.,
Wholesale Dealer in
HARDWARE & CUTLERY
No. C South Third, bet. I'elK it Edmond sts
ST. JOSEPH. MO.
ARNESS, .Skirting, and all kinds
of Saddle. Leather. Bridles. Hardware.
Ac. constantlvon hnud. Agents for Ditson'a Circu
lar Saws and Marvin's Safes. 45-i'J
ST. JOSEPH, MO.
WHOLESALE AND HEAIL DEALER IN
Iron, Steel, and Heavy
WAGON,Carrhige,and Plow "Works,
el Axes. Sho els. Spades, Files. Rasp. Chains,
Cnrnagcand TlreJlolts, Nuts and Washers. NalLs,
Horse and Mule shoes, saws. Costings and Hollow -Ware.
Sugar Kettles, Andirons, tekillt'ts and Lids,
Mew Pots, Bake Ovens, Fruit Kettles and Sad Irons.
BEiACRSMSTlS'S TOOLS :
Anil. Stocks and Die. Bellows. Sledge and
Hnnd Hammen, Vices, Pincers, Hasps, Farriers'
Knl cs.Tire Iron, itc
Ox Yokes. Axle Grease. Ox Chains, Wagon Jacks,
Ox Shoe Nails, Shovels, Picks, etc Hubs. Spokes
Agricultural Implements :
PLOWS. EigleMowcre. McCormlck's
"Reapers nnd M'owcrs, Kallers Hore
Oirn Planttrs. Sulky Corn Cultivators.
Hand Corn Sbellers, Hay Rakes, etc, etc.
Buvlng niv poods direct from manufacturers
I oflvV verv great lrlucements to
ENT'S FURNISHING GOODS,
HATS AND CAPS. All Varieties
and Styles, at BETZEIS-.
Jon?f q. a. smitii.
am . cb
IlfBsSS'E i S
BV CEO. D. PKEXTICE.
'Tis sad yet sweet to listen
To the wind's gentle swell,
And think we hear the music
Our childhood loved so well:
To gaze out on the even.
And the boundless fields of air.
And feel again our boyhood's wish
To roam like angels there.
There are many dreams of gladness,
That cling around the past
And from the tomb of feeling
Old thoughts come thronging fast;
The forms we loved so dearly.
In the happy days now gone,
The beautiful and lovely.
So fair to look upon.
Those bright and gentle mnldens
Who seemed so formed for bliss,
Too glorious and too heavenly
For such a world as this ;
Whose dark soft eyes seemed swimming
In a sen of liquid light,
And whose locks of gold were streaming
O'er brows so sunny bright.
Whoso smiles are like the sunshine,
In the springtime or the year
Like the changeful gleam of April,
They followed every fear!
They have passed like hopes away.
And their loveliness has lied;
Oh, many a heart is mourning
That they at with the dead.
Like the brightest buds of summer,
They have fallen with the stem ;
Yet, oh it is a lovely death
To fade from death like them !
And the thought is saddening
To muse on such as they,
And to feel that all the beautiful
Are passing fast away ;
That the fair ones whom we love.
Grow to each loving breast
Like the tendril of the clinging vine,
Then perish where they rest.
And we can but think of thee,
In the soft and gentle spring.
When the trees are waving o'er ub,
And the flowers are blossoming.
And we know that winter's coming
With tlie cold and stormy sky.
And the glorious beauty 'round us,
Is budding but to die!
It is important that the teacher
should possess the ability to interest
and entertain his pupils. The first
thing that will entertain a scholar, is
order. If this is preserved, the teach
er is entertained, nnd the pupil can
not fail to be.
Calisthenics, sometimes called gym
nastics, are both entertaining and
beautiful. They are exercises for ex
panding the chest and strengthening
the muscles. To conduct an exercise
of this kind, the teacher, after seeing
that the books are all properly piled
up on the desks, should call every pu
pil to his (cct, by a smart clap of his
hands, Or by any other signal, pre
viously understood by th pupils.
Now, inhale the breath until the
lungs are well expanded, then place
the right hand, doubled up, on the
chest, and suddenly dart it horizontal
ly, directly in fiont, bringing it as
(ruickl' back upon the chest, with n
smart blow. Do this four times, count
ing as j'ou do it, with the motions
one two, three, four, five, mx, seven,
Repeat this exercise with the left
hand, then alternate with the right
once, then left, then both arms at
once. These motions may be varied,
by an upward, downward, backward
and side motions.
There are many other motions of
the head, fingers, feet and whole body
that the ingenious teacher will invent.
During thest- excretes the pupils
must keep their lungs well inflated,
and the motions should be made with
precision and in concert.
The time& of giving these exercises
must be left, in a great degree, to the
judgment of the teacher. Let them
hi given when the school is disposed
to be dull, perhaps once each hour. If
the weather is bad, a stepping exer
cise may be made to take the place of
1 the teacher be the fortunate pos
sessor of a musical talent, singing will
af lord a source of pleasing entertain
ment to the pupils.
Singing Geography, or the Multipli
cation Table, is not only entertaining,
but very profitable.
In this way they become acquainted
with geographical names, that would
take long Jiours of weary study to ac
quire. The tables of weights and
measures may be learned in a general
exercise, and many other things that
would be dry and uninteresting in any
If the teacher has fair conversation
al ability, he may spend five minutes
once or twice a day, in relating an in
teresting little story, or describing
some object of interest.
Rut in all these things the teacher
must keep the scholars alive and in
tensely interested. If he allows any
of these exercises to become monot
onous, or the interest to Hag in them,
the good effect is all destroyed.
But if life and animation arc infused
into the students during these exerci
ses, they will return to their studies
with " zest that they could not have
felt without them.
It does teachers and scholars both
good to unbend sometimes, and have
a hearty laugh, if anything real
We throw out these few hints,
hoping that the earnest teacher may
find in them something to aid him in
his arduous duties.
Uotil the year 1770, the law was in
force in England : "Whoevershallen
tice into bonds of matrimony any
male subject of Her Majesty's by
means of rogue, white paint, Spanish
cotton, steel corsets, crinoline, high
heeled shoes, or false hips, shall be
prosecuted for witchcraft, and the
marriage null and void." Isn't it
about time to have this law re-enacted?
A reporter describes a suicide as
follows: "He laid himself down and
hhot himself with his big toe." It is
suggested the weapons was loaded
President Finney once prayed, if a
"Western paper is to be believed : "Oh
Lord, we so abominate ourselves that
we could spit in our faces and kick
ourselves into hell."
Every faculty with which man is
gifted should be developed nnd educa
ted. There are capabilities in man's
nature, if properly brought out, and
educated, to make earth a paradise.
It is in the fact of these Capabilities
that the reformer takes courage and
he works on through all obstacles in
the light of the hope of what can be
made of humanity. For if there are
no possibilities in human nature, for
intellectual greatness, for moral puri
ty, for religious enjoyment, it would
be idle to try to bring it into the pos
session of these powers.
There! is now and ever has been
much commendable effort to educate
the Intellect, and with marvelous suc
cess. The history of Nations tell of
wonderful intellectual attainment
and there are instances of great moral
attainment. Individuals whose integ
rity, honor, moral purity and holiness
of life are truly sublime. The gran
deur of their actions elevate them far
beyond the reach oi intellectual in
ventions. The influence of a pure,
holy, high-toned moral life, is like
gushing forth" of purifying waters,
like the glorious sunshine, like en
Notwithstanding these evidences
of intellectual strength and moral
power: the work is fearfully immor
al. There is an alarming degree of
crime and misery, a shameful neglect
of moral culture. This neglect of
moral training is found everywhere,
in all conditions of life, and nowhere
to a greater extent than the so-called
requirements of fashionable life where
the practices and habits are in direct
violation to the laws which are to reg
ulate the life of man in his intellect,
in his morals, in his religion. Those
who are engaged in educating the
people fail to get the full idea of edu
cation until they see well to moral
training so that men and women muy
grow great and grand and powerful
in moral strength, all tomeetand over
come the ten thousand temptations
they may have to encounter.
With a proper moral culture there
would be no such thing as rum-selling,
for no one one with much moral
sense will do anything to injure his
fellow man. "With moral culture,
there would be no slavery or bondage
or oppressions of any kind, for a re
fined moral sense, would consider
those bound as bound with them, and
sympathy would open the prison
doors. . js J
In mnny "people there is aspiration'
feSUiiintclIectual Iionors. Many desire
literary attainment, which isall rfgKt;"
bur how many hunger and thirst after
righteousness, who desire to be good
and do good how many strive to live
upright, holy, religious lives, blessed
are such whoever or wherever found.
Mnny f:;r some marvel, e.nd even
stumble, at tlie teachings of Jesus,
because there is not more said merely
to please the intellect. His teachings
were directed to the moral nature,
and calculated to arouse, develctpe and
culture it. His threatenings were
against evil doers, his blessings were
for those who do the will of the Fath
er in Heaven. It ism the school of
the great Teacher that the character
receives its most graceful outlines,
and the pure and innocent life, is like
the fragrance of flowers, floating over
the troubled sea of life, and raising it
to the Heavens, to float in innocence
around the throne of the Eternal.
Then let the Christian, the Philan
thropist, the reformer never weary in
well doing, for they are doing a good
work in helping humanity out of
moral ignorance and darkness, and
direct it to a State of purity, and
brightness, and they will have the
blessing of those who instruct the
people in the Gospel of "Peace on
earth, good will to all men," and still
more. It has been said of them "great
is your reward in Heaven."
How to Eat.
From a Tract Published by the Ladies' Sanitary
We should never eat when we have
just come from fatiguing work, or
from a long walk. The stomach sym
pathizes with the rest of the body,
and can not enter on its work of diges
tion until it has had some rest. Fatal
consequences are sometimes the result
of "bolting" a meal after excessive
fatigue. If we can sit or lie down for
ten minutes only, let us do so, and a
half hour of rest is still better.
Second. We should be particular in
the mastication of our food. Persons
who have good teeth need only a lit
tle patience. Those who have not
should cut their food as fine as possi
ble, so as to imitate mastication. It
should be known to every one that
tlie saliva acts a very important part
in digestion. It should be mixed
with the food in the mouth and swal
lowed with it. Some persons have a
habit of spitting out this saliva every
few minutes, and especially before
they speak. This is an unhealthy
and oliensive habit, to call it by no
Thirdly. We should cat slow. And,
in order "to be able to do this, if our
labor presses us, it is better to eat only
a light luncheon in the middle of tli3
day, and take one hearty meal after
the day's work is done. Then we are
at ease ; we have time to laugh and
talk over the day's doings while we
take our food ; wo are not obliged to
finish at any given minute and hurry
away to work.
Children need to eat often oftener
than we do because they have not
only to repair the daily waste, like
ourselves, but to accumulate the
means of increased growth. Children
are also superfluously, active, nnd
waste strength in that way. They
should have as much 'to eat as they
want ; not as much as you think best,
because you do not know how much
they want or need. Your own .appe
tite is a good cuioe for you. bo it is
foryour children. Do not tell them
that bread and butter is not good for
little boys, and that sugar spoils their
Light bread and sweet butter are
very good for them, and as they gen
erally dislike fat meat, you must allow
tiiem all the more sugar. A chemist
will tell you that both fatty substan
ces and saccharine or sweet substances
are eventually oxidized in the body.
Sugar is the form to which many oth
er things have to be reduced before
they are available as a heat-making
food ; and the formation of sugar is
carried on in the body. It has been
proved that tho liver is a factory, in
which other constituents of food are
transformed into sugar. Now, it is
probable that your boys really need
sugar to make and keep them well,
and it is fortunate that most children
are fond of sweets. Children are very
fond of vegetable acids ; ripe fruit, If
they can get it ; if not, they will seize
on unripe fruit.
The use of ripe fruit in bowel dif
Acuities is quite important. Where
the bowels do not act freely, it is often
sufficient to give, not a dose of rhu
barb, which the boy hates, but a sau
cer of ripe berries or n ripe apple be
fore breakfast, which he does like.
Some child, being asked, "What was
wrong?" answered, "Everything I
want to do." And it does sometimes
seem as if parents were occupied
much more in denying than in grati
fying their children's appetites. This
is neither necessary nor fair. They
get as tired of bread and milk as you
would do. And what comes of it?
Simply, that, as soon a3 they have an
opportunity, they indulge their love
for fruits and sweets to excess. Then
you think that it is the fruit and tho
sweets that do the harm, whereas, it
is only the excess. Let your children
eat what you do, and as much as they
want, and, as you mean to eat only
healthy food, they will be quite safe.
To proTlde for the temporary care and enstody of
the State Prisoners ot" the stale of Nebraska,
ami to iiroTide a Temporary Penitentiary for
Section 1. Be it enacted by the Leg
Mature of the State of Nebraska, That
the State Prison Inspector and Ward
en shall provide at or near Lincoln in
Lancaster county, State of Nebraska,
for the safe-keeping of all prisoners
now under sentence to the penitentia
ry of the State, and all such as shall
be hereafter sentenced.
Sec 2. All persons now under sen
tence to the penitentiary of the State,
and confined or imprisoned in county
jails, shall be transferred under the
direction of the State Prison Inspec
tors and Warden aforasaid, to said
temporary penitentiary at Lincoln,
and there put at work upon the public
buildings and in the stone quarries.
for the use and benerttof the State for
the hours specified in their respective
Sec 3. Said State Prison Inspectors
and Warden are hereby authorized to
lure out or contract the labor of said
prisoners upon the best terms which
can be obtained, if it shall be deemed
by them for the best interests of the
State to dofso.
' -SEC.'4$There is hereby appropriated
outjpC.tbe. treasury of the State, to lie,
drawn in the usual manner, the sum
of five thousand dollars, or so much
thereof as may be necessary to carry
out tho provisions of this act.
Sec o. The -said State Prison In
spectors and arnen snail each give
bond vith sunties, to be approved by
one of tho Judges of the Supreme
Court, hi the sum of five thousand
dollars, conditioned for tho faithful
discharge of their duties according to
Sec G. This act shall take effect and
be in force from and after its passage.
Approved March 4, 1870.
State of Nebraska, Sec's. Dei.
I, Thomas P. Kennard, Secretary of
the otate of Nebraska, do hereby cer
tify that I have carefully compared
the foregoing copy of "An act to pro
vide for the temporary care and custo
dy of the State prisoners of the Statu
of Nebraska, and to provide for a
temporary penitentiary for such pris
oners," passed by the Legislative As
sembly of this State, during the sixth
session thereof, and approved by the
Governor, the fourth tiny of March,
1S70, with the original irofls on file in
this ollice, and that the same is a true
and perfect copy of said net.
In testimony whereof I have
hereunto set my hand nnd
nfiixed the great seal.of the
L. s. State of Nebraska.
Done at Lincoln this 0th
day of March A. D. 1S70.
Tiros. P. Kennard,
Secretari' of State.
Letter from the Hon. John TaJTe to the
Ed. Republican :
Several articles have recently ap
peared in the Nebraska City A'f'wand
Omaha Herald in relation to the ca
detship to which Nebraska is entitled
at West Point and Annapolis.
The purport of theie articles is, that
I have made improper appointments
for corrupt considerations. If they do
not mean that, they do not menu any
thing. The first appeared in the Newt
of the ISth ult., as follows :
MILITARY AND NAVAL.
Nebraska is represented by one or
two cadets at West Point, and one or
two at Annapolis. But the people of
this State are lamentably ignorant of
the section of Nebraska which has
the honor oFfurnishing these military
and naval representatives.
In the United States Naval Acad
emy, sometime since, we were repre
sented by a youth bearing the honor
able cognomen of John JalTe, but
from what portion of Indiana he was
furnished to lepres 'iit Nebraska, is as
vet a profound mystery. Recent de
velopments as to the pe'Mininry value l
of these aepointments, have arrested
a spirit of inquiry as to what ha? be
come of theebraskacadetship. Will
some Democratic member at Lincoln
introduce a resolution of inquiry?
The second appeared in the same
paper on the 25th ult., and is as fol
Will the Omaha Herald tell the
public who Naval Cadet Zabriskie is?
He seems to have been appointed from
Omaha to the United' States Naval
Academy at Annapolis.
Also what John Taffe, is the John
TnfFe in the same school, from the
State of Nebraska?
Is Congressman TafFe a cadet and
M. C. too.
While the cadetship sales are pro
gressing, it is meet and exceedingly
agreeable to ascertain what boys,
whose boys, are representing the State
of Nebraska at West Point and An
napolis. Where do their parents live?
What are their names?
Who gave the boys their appoint
ment? We mean business.
The ITerald takes up the cry, ac
cording to Mrder, rehashing the"ATctr.?
libels ; and both of these pnpers have
recently made frequent allusions to
The ITerald, among other things,
says: "About the John Tafio who is
in the same school Naval we are
equally ignorant. H? does not live
It might be a matter of astonish
ment tothe people of Nebraska that
two journals should thus imblushing
ly give currency to thei- own base
fabrications, were- it not thtt these fa
miliar names, J. Sterling Morton and
George L. Miller appear at the mast
heads. But they are known to be
equal to anything but what is honor
able, and their supreme conteu.pt for
truth is a matter of public notoriety.
The stupid ignorance which they ex
hibit as to the- number of cadets, com
porta fairly with their understanding
of most other subjects. I would be
glad if there was some theory upon
which these articles could be excused ;
but I know of no shadow of pretext
upon which the poor plea of mistake
could bo based.
It is therefore fair to conclude that
it wasthe deliberate intention of these
two political leapers to seizo upon the
occasion when the country was ready
to credit the most extravagant charge,
with the hope thatsome minds would
be poisoned, which a correction would
I am aware that such characters,
who never had an honest conviction,
and probably never will have, unless
they got It in n court of justice, nre
always amazed that any one inofficial
position should do an honest act for
nothing, if ho could make pecuniary
profit by corrupt sale.
The records of the War and Navy
Departments are public ; and the facts
in questien are readily ascertainable.
It is therefore not sufficient to set up
erroneous information as an excuse for
I nominated John E. Myers, of
Omaha, to West Point, and I am wil
ling to rest the question of his bona fide
residence upon the testimony of such
and B. E. B. Kennedy : and I
further submit whether that poor,
struggling boy was selected on ac
count of any political influence he
might be able to oxert. I never made
a nomination to the Naval Academy,
nor was there ever a cadet named Taffe
in cither of these institutions ! In proof
of this, Air. Editor, I enclose you let
ters from each Department, which
you may publish in wlloie or in part,
if you should think it necessary.
Duriug the last campaign, Dr. Mil
ler published a palpable misstatement
of fact in regard to a certain vote of
mine upon the subject of aid to rail
roads, professing to take the same
from the Globe. The conclusive proof
of the falsitv of the charge was placed
before his eyes, yet he refused to make
the correction. From that time I have
not expected decent trertment from
him. However little he may have
thought me entitled to, he owed it to
truth and to himself as a gentleman.
To publish tho true record. Ho did
not do it, and I have a right to assume
that falsehood, like those under con
sideration, was deliberate and mali
cious. It still rests upon him. unre-
t raced and unexplained. No plea of
politics will conceal his estimate of
veracit3', or justify him in bearing
false witness against his neighbor.
John Ta fte.
Some graceless rhymer, who never
felt finger nails, most impudently
The rights of Women who demand.
Those women nre but few;
The greater part hail rather stand
Exactly as they do.
Beauty has claims for which she fights
At eae, with winning arms;
The women who want Woman's rights
Want, mostly. Woman's charms.
''Handles, boyn! hundlcst l" our denr
polite, gentlemanly, grnndpa used to
cry, when his grandsons came rush
ing noisily into his presence, tusking
favors, making remarks, ami replying
questions, leaving out the little, very
important words, "SVr," "Ma'at.t,"
"If you please," "Thank you" nnd
Not a reply could be gained from
grandpa, no matter how pressing was
the case, till the handles were applied
to tlie sentence. If the boys had
been wanting to start on a fishing ex
pedition, if a new kite was just ready
to be launched, if a brass band, and a
procession of wtged wild beasts had
been passing the door, not even the
elephant eould move him to reply to a
string of sentences without handles,
uttered by a boy with his hat on his
hat on his head, and his hands in his
As a consequence the hoys about
grandpa grew civil and polite. They
learned to stand aside and let a lady
enter a door before them ; they ceased
to interrupt conversation, or monopo
lize the easy chairs nnd pleasantest
seats near the windows, so prizen by
the old man who cannot walk out to
see the out-door sights. As they sat:
about the evening fireside with their
books and games, they became an or
nnmentiustand ofa nuisance, by those
who do not view their actions with a
loving mother's partial eye.
Grandpa, with hi" saintly spirit nnd
courtly manners, has gone to his re
ward. With his generation have pass
ed away our "gentlemen of the school"
who obeyed the command "Be courte
ous." "Yes ma'am" nnd "No
ma'am" have becomeantique phrases;
and a halfsyoken "Yes'm" or
"No'ni," a shake of the head, a nod
or nothing at nil, hns taken their
place. A group of boys standing by
the roadsidedistrictschoolhousc, with
hat oil", making a polite salution to
paer.-by, as was the custom in anci
ent New England days, would be a
more wonderful sight to behold than
the children who mocked the hoary
headed prophet of God, and were de
voured by the btars.
I don't" know how grandpa could
endure it if he was alive now to hear
the sort of inarticulate sounds, per
haps intended for "uraph umph,"
that proceed from the mouths with
out opening the lips f our young
people now-a-days, in place of the ab
solute "Yes ma'am." It tries my
love and patience severely.
This new code of manners may bea
"modern improvement," but I fail to
see its beauty or utility. A polite, rs
pectfui boy never, by any freak of
fashion, be transformed into anything
but a beautiful sight. Satan favors
the modern system of calling parents
and guardians "old fogies," "played
out," "not up to the times," because
he knows they want to make boys
manly pure and true ; and he is trying
to have them disrespectful, bold, and
regnrdlessof the feelings of those who
aregiven tlicm by God to guide them'
in the path9 of wisdom.
They say ' fashions come around
every seven yeurs." This is encour
aging. I hoi e the readers of this pa
per will not wait for polite children to
come in fashion ; but when they find
themselves acting rudely, will remem
graudpa's cry, "handles, boys, han
dles." I once, in passing by, gave a little
hoy an apple. What do you think ho
said? "Of course," you will reply,
"be raised his cap and said, 'Thank
yo.i.1 " I blush to tell you what hia
reply was a stare and the exclama
tion, "Bully for you!"
Boys, be courteous. Tou will never
bo fit for any position in ourlands un
less you learn to use the "handles."
Our country is growing very largo,
and we shall want some noble men
for Presidents and Governors and
Cabinetmerabers, twenty years henco.
I hope a few boys, ot least, wiU cling
to the old fashioned, respectful ways,
such as George Washington practiced
and be ready for elevation to these
high positions. Christian Banner.
A Mother to Her Daughter on
You are now, my beloved child,
about to leave those arms which havo
hitherto cherished you, and directed
your every step, and at length con
ducted you to a safe, happy, and hon
orable protection, in tlie very bosom
of love and honor. You must now
be no longer tho flighty, inconside
rate, haughty, passionate girl, but
over, with reverenco and delight,
havo the merit of your husband in
view. Reflect how vast the sum of
all your obligation to tho man who
confers upon you independence, dis
tinction, and, above all, felicity.
Moderate, then, my beloved child,
your private expenses, and proportion
your generalexpcnditureto the stand
ard of his fortune, or rather his wish
es. I fear not that, with your educa
tion and principles, you can ever for
get the more sacred duties, so soon to
be your sphere of action. Remember
the solemnity of your vows, the dig
nity of your character, the sanctity of
your condition. You are amenable to
society for your example, to yourhus-
uauu iui uis iionor ana Happiness,
and 'to Heaven itself for those rich
talents intrusted to your care and your
improvement; and though in the
maze of pleasure or tho whirl of pas
sion the duties of the heart may be
forgotten, remember my darling child,
there is a record which will one day
appear in terrible evidence against us
for our lenstomisaion. Moore's Rural
A Nantucket correspondent gives
an entertaining illustration of the
"gradual progression of opinion" in
tlys anecdote about a shipmate who
accompanied him on one of his early
voynges : "Styles was a simple-hearted
transparent young fellow, and,
when we saiied had been "paying at
tention" for some time to a young
lady, who, he had reasons to believe,
did not fully reciprocate his ardent
feelings. At all events the parting,
on her side, was not so affectionate as
he could wish, and he impressed by
the belief that she only kept him as a
stand-by in default of another lover.
"I don't believe," Stiles would say,
with a despondent shake of the head,
"I don't believe Ann Jones '11 havo
When we had been out a few months
and had met with fair success, Stiles'
tone was modified. The burden of his
monologue changed to "Well I don'uo
but what Ann Jones 'II have me after
With a thousand bnrrels of oil un
der hatches he became more hopeful,
"Chance is prettp good for Ann
Jonas," he would say, "pretty good
At fifteen hundred barrels he had
assumed a self-satisfied manner, and
soliloquized "I guess there's no dau
ger but what Ann '11 havo me now."
At two thousand barrels "Ann Jones
'11 be glad to yet me now, I know."
When we cut the Ihst whale that
was to fill the vessel's hold and squar
ed away for home, Stiles threw his
hat in the air nnd with a wild Indian
yell of triumph "I'll be d d if I'll
hare Ann Jbtics anyhow.'"
We deprecate Pres. Blnne.hnrrf's
displeasure forpuKishingsuchun im
probnble story as this, but it is too
gootl to go into the wasto basket.
Some young men of the town of B.,
having "cut up" one night, to tho
uctnment oi certain windows, and
bell pulls, werelodtred in the cnlnhnn
and in due time next morning con-
iroiueu wun a ponce magistrate, who
fined them each So and mImonitinn
One of the three verv foolishlv remark
"Judge, I was in hopes you would
recognize me : I belonir to the enmo
lodge with j-ou."
The Judge apparently surprised, re
plied, "Ah, is it so? Truly this is
brother B. I did not recognize you.
Excuse ;ne for niv dullness. Yiy wo
are brother Masons, and T should havo
thought or that. .Mr. Clerk fine our
brother B. $10. Being a Mason, ho
knows better the rule.s of nrnnriefv
othcrmen. Fine him $10. You
will py the clerk brother B.
me next case.
An Italian proverb savs. ".ceeNnnlpci
and die." A proverb which should
be current in the Western States
might read. "Go EaL nnd mnm-
The practical importance of this pro
verb to the female portion ol the New
England people will be nalnnhln at. n.
glance. In Mnssnchusetts the female
exceeds the male population 37,000.
in xu-u xi.iiiiiisiure, o,ouo; .rwioue
Island, G.600: Connecticut. 7.800 in
all aggregace of 5G,300. While these
States are endowed with more than
their share of these blessings. West
ern States are even more sadly in
want of them. In California there
are 143,000 more males than females.
What a horrible State. In Ohio Ihero
are said to be 40.500 heirs to the bifur
cated npp.irei than to its opposite, tirl
even in Michigan there are alleged to
be 00,000 real or prospective old baenc
lors, that being the excess of mnlo
over our female population.
- ii ai
Volney, a noted infidel, was once
overtaken by a violent storm, when
he began to be in the greatest distress
and ran about crj'ing, "O, my God I
O, my God ! O, my God ! What shall
I do?" After the storm had abated,
and the infidel, who before had been
ridiculing and scoffing at Christionjiy
was so humbled and ashamed that ha
durst not not show himself for ten,
Madame de Montesp&ns was con
tinually saying she was thirty years
of age. "It must be true," said Tally
rand, "Ive heard it these twenty