Newspaper Page Text
-R.'W. FURNAS, Editor.
THURSDAY, MARCH 31, 1870.
P ;We call the attention of oli interest
ed 'In this State to the inadequacy of
the existing dog law. Jf n dog kills
your sheep, you must prove that the
owner knew the dog to be a aheep-
killing car, hefore you can obtain
damage. Ab the law now Ib, it is
.Twortfc nothing. Let the members of
thajaext Legislature be posted and In
structed to have tho law so shaped aa
to &Jord protection. "We like a good
(togajts well as any -one, but these
worthless, roving, sheep-killing
whelps we want to see exterminated.
Sprouting Honey Locust Seed.
3W. Peabmax, of Davenport, la.,
Jaas jeplied to Mr. Dinainy's enquiry
lii regard to honey locust seed, more in
detail, than we did, and which we
'tae-pleasure In publishing. It is as
Davenport, Iowa, March, 15, 1870.
T. M. Dlnninj, Eq., Tecumseh, JYco :
Dear Sin: I see you nsk through the Ad
vrriUer thenroner method of nrotmrlnK Hon-
rX0cfiat seed before planting. Col. Furnas
'has'answered you partially, and If you have
no objections I will give ray views or plans
. Havo your seed oil cleaned out and kept dry
MUGLybaf ground Is perfectly warm which
would bo April 25th or Muy 1st then put
ycuraeed In a light vessel ; All the vessel
With hot boding water; cover the vessel or tub
with an old blanket for twenty-four or thlr-
iv-slx hours, and at that time take the seed
oat, Tim through a selvo course enough to let
me ury scea inrougu. jvh mi umt pasm
through the sivo should be placed in tlio tub
again, nnd hot water used as before. The seed
already for planting are swollen nearly three
times their natural size, and should be plan
ted out immediately, covered about two
leches. They will soon come up, and if prop
erly cultivated, will make a growth from
two to three feet the first year.
I grow .honey locust for hedges, and Bhall
plant out all I can get at Nebraska City the
coming spring. Should you have more see.l
than you want, I will buy it of you. I shall
move my Nursery to that place this spring,
aad6hould yon have occasion to visit that
place, please enquire for ine. 5 shall be glnd
to make your acquaintance; and hereafter
if youhaveany, or can get me some Honey
ixxiist seed. I will pay you well for It.
xours very respectfully,
From Johnson Connty.
Tecuiseii, March 19, 1S70.
Coi. JR. W. Furnoa, Ed. Advertiser:
Sib: At no time in our history, as
s country, has the prospects for a pros
perous and a brilliant future been
more flattering than those at present
are to the farmers, although the low
price of grain last fall was not wlth-
ouTlts effects In retarding Improve-
nfents generally; yet, extensive prep
arations are being mado for the spring
campaign, and the acres that will be
gown and planted this year will more
than double that of last season.
But the most permanent improve
ments will be made in planting fruit
trees, which are now trenched in the
ground and ready for spring planting.
The most of this stock was purchased
from an agent of an Ohio Nursery,
and delivered at Brownville last Oc
tober; and thus, in many cases they
were hauled in the open air and sun
for fifty miles, then "heeled" in tho
ground for protection until the proper
season arrives for planting.
I do not like the above system very
well. I would prefer to buy stock of
home dealers, as far as possible, trees
aclimated here, and going direct to
the nursery whero they are grown ;
take them fresh from the ground and
replant as soon as possible, so that
none would need be out of the ground
more than two or three days, instead!
of as many weekB. I think by this
method that but few trees would die,
and those that live would be more
healthy, grow faster, come to maturi
ty earlier, and fruit sooner.
T.tl were to buy trees in the fall, I
would plant in the orchard immedi
ately ; and I know of no great dif
ference between fall and spring, any
more than the fall season is very
short, and many might plant out of
season then, which would be as inju
rous to the tree as late planting in
in the spring.
Forest trees are receiving much at-
tention ; and now to find a farm with
out a grove planted, "is the exception
and not the rule." I think the area
of young timber now growing, and
what wili bo planted this year, will
greatly exceed that of natural growth.
So in & few years we may find some
beautiful parks and artificial forests
on the once nearly treeless prairies of
Nebraska. The principal timber is
the cottonwood. The soft maple is
also largely cultivated, as well as tho
Hedging Is also favorably remem
bered, and hundreds of miles will be
set out this season. The Osage Orange
ia the only kind that is used much,
and we can boast of some Yery fine
hedges that are now sufficient to turn
stock. Our friend, Mr. Ellsworth,
has about twenty-five miles that is
two and three years old.
Frank M. Dininny.
Constitution and By-laws for Far
. We copy the following as a guide
for those who wish to organize Far
mers' Clubs. It is the Constitution
and By-laws of tho St. Louis Far
mers' Club ;
I. This organisation shall bo known as the
II J! Its object shall bo the improvement of
Us numbers in the theory and practice of ag
rlouUare, and the dissemination of knowl
edge relative to rural and household affairs,'
111. Its members shall consist of such per
sons as shall sign the Constitution and By
Itaws, and pay annually tho sum of one dol
IY. Its officers shall consist of a President,
twoYlee Presidents, Secretary and Treasur
er, who shall Jointly constitute tho Execu
tive Committee, and shall be elected annu
ally. V. Its meetings shall be held weekly, at
uca places as may be designated by the Club.
VI. This Constitution may be amended at
any regular meeting by a majority of the
members present, said amendment having
been proposed at i.he previous meeting.
I. Tho President Bhall preside at all meet
ings of tho Club, and Executive Committee,
and have power to call special meetings.
H. One of the Vice Presidents shall per
form the duties of the President during his
absence or Inability.
III. The Secretary shall record the proceed
ings of the Club and conduct Its correspond
IV. The Treasurer shall receive all moneys,
and pay the same on the written order of the '
President, countersigned by the Secretary.
.Xi . "rtgsaoall behold every Saturday,
at 10 o'clock a. St.
An Iowa farmer sends a latter to the
patent offioe, asking if he could get
JEt,.SIV,a? la-Pved mode of
waking fried cakes,"
, , , , rv-T;rTI
sMK Mr "9H
f sl wr' wiHl
J -I WkIm 'm0 IIB
MARENQO -WHSTTEXt OIEt-A-B.
Fruit large for its1 class, bright 'warm red, flesh yellowish white, crisp,
juicy, mild, pleasant sub-acid In eating from early winter to late spring.
Grown and for sale by C. Andrews, Harengo, McHenry County, Illinois, to
whom we are indebted for the above cut.
New Hakuows. AVc examined a
new harrow made by Mr. John Wor
thing, which we are inclined to think
more favorably of than anything we
have before seen in that line. It is all
iron, the frame made in zig-zag shape,
which throws the teeth in proper
shape. It is called the "zig-zag liar
row." One can be seen at Worthing's
Commission House in Main street.
Another new harrow mado by
Franz Helmer, n double revolving
machine, is admired by many and
said to possess desirable features. Can
be seen at his shop on Main street.
IThy Fruit Trees are Barren. .
Trees that expend all their forces in
the production of wood growth can
produce little or no fruit. Indeed it
is not possible ibr any tree to produce
disorganize it, unless the wood growth
shall cease in time for the leaves to
elaborate food enough to grow both
leaf and fruit the following year, or
until a partpf the leaves shall attain
to nearly or quite their full size. That
this is so will be apparent, when we
consider that the leaves which appear
first in the Spring, were formed in the
previous year, perfect in all their
parts, and in the embryo state, con
tained each individual cell found in
tnem wnen tuny grown.
The question may arise, when there
is no addition to the number of cells,
how do the leaves grow ? The answer
is, that the only difference we can see
between an ambryo leaf and one fully
grown, is-in the size of the leaf cells.
As growth begins in the spring, these
small cells which are formed the pre
vious year, begin to expand. Each
individual cell thus enlarges until
all the numerous cells of which
these leaves arc composed are of full
size. To further illustrate this, let us
suppose, on a brick wall that each
brick at the same time was gradually
to expand to several hundred times
its present diameter, and you have
just what takes place in the growth
of an embryo leal. Here we have a
tree in possession of a full grown leaf.
This leaf did not form itself, but was
formed bj' the tree the preceeding
To produce and sustain thiscellular
enlargement, there had been stored
the previous year a large share of nu
triment in the buds, and in other
parts of the tree..
This nutriment must be not only
sufficient to feed the embryo leaves,
but must also be sufficient to produce
the small, warty excerscenees this
rootless and spongioles. These new
leaves and spongioles are a tree's la
boratory. And those leaves and
spongioles first grown were made,
with the exception o f moisture wholly
out of the material that wasstored by
the tree during the growth of the
pnvious year. When these vegetable
stores are in sufficient supply to do
this, and nourish the fruit germs also,
then we shall hear little about imper
fect fertilization. On the other hand,
had the food been consumed the pre
vious year, by ripening an over crop
of fruit, orby making a very succu
lent growth, then the tree would not
store a sufficient amount of plant food
to preform its three-fold office in the
production of leaves and roots with
their spongioles and and fruit.
In this condition a part of the leaf,
and a larger part of the fruit buds,
yield up their nourishment, which
goes to the production of rootand leaf
growth. The tree, therefore, is bar
ren of fruit for the Summer, its whole
growth being required to recuperate
its own vigor. Such trees often bloom
freely, and then cast their blossoms.
When this occurs uniform persons at
tribute it to want of fertilization, or
supposed that the rain must have
washed away the pollen. Dr. Jicll,
How the Timber Goes.
Tho present consumption of wood
in the United States is enormous.
One hundred and fifty acres of the
best timber is cut every year to supply
the demand for railway sleepers alone.
For railroad buildings, repairs, and
cars, tiic annual expenditure in wood
is thirty-eight millions of dollars. In
a single year the locomotives in the
United Stotes consume fifty -six mill
ion dollars worth of wood. There are
in the whole country more than four
hundred thousand artisians in wood ;
and if the value of their labor is one
thousand dollars a year, each, the
wood industry of the country repre
sents an amount of nearly five hun
dred millions of dollars per annum.
It will be seen, therefore, how ex
tensive are the interests dependent
ipon the production of lumber.
.Probably laws will have eventually to
be enacted by the State Xegrslatures
to prevent such destruction of the for
ests as will be likely to result in natu
ral injury to the country, and it may
be. uecessar3T to encourage the plant
ing of forests, to meet the demands of
"A O. J." a correspondent of the
Gazette, giveajhe following recipe for
grafting wax :
Pour parts of rosin, three parts of
beeswax, and three of lard, melted to
gether, maka a good wax. It takes'
much less wax, and is much handier
to work with, and will make a hptfur
job to coat rags with wax. This can be
uone oy tearing the rags into strips1
from H to 2 inches wide, and dropping
them into the mixture while cooking.
It should be permitted to gef cooj
enough before the rags ara taken out",
so that sufficient will stick to them to
Gen. Capron, Commissioner of Ag
riculture, in his forthcoming report,
"The tendency of present prices of
farm products indicates the necessity
of increased attention to the propaga
tion, irrowing and fattening of farm
animals, and to the production of
meats, poultry, butter, cheese, milk,
anil" various other animal products,
while the prevalence of special crop
ping, upon a depleting and exhaust
ive system, enforces urgently the ap
peal for a mixed husbandry based up
on stock growing."
J. Winne, of Massachusetts, writes
as follows on the value of sheep:
When I wentiutosheep feeding it was
6rthepurpo3e of improving my land,
which at 1 hat time would hardly.grow
a good crop of beans. My success has
been beyond anticipation. I wanted
to get two spears of grass where I
then had but one. I 'have certain Iy
got three, and my neighbors say four.
From meadows which I formerly cut
one-half ton to -the acre, I now get
two. Then I could not raise rye. Last
year I got from 16 acres 400 bushels
and straw enough, if I had sold it, to
have amounted to $900
A horse that is in harness every day
needs an abundance of food, and the
right kind. Oats make more muscle
than corn, and should always form
part of the food of a hard working
horse. Corn gives plumpness, and
imparts warmth. The colder the
weather, the more corn ; the harder
the work, the moreoats. Mass. Flow
man. Many will remember tho case of
Martin Green, of Benton Harbor,
Mich., who lastspring, had 300 of his
peach trees girdled in a night by un
known scoundrels; and how the citi
zens turned out in mass and dre& ed
the trees with salves and rags, and
how the trees bore a marvelous crop
01 peacnes. boon alter their burden
had been gathered, they were girdled
again, and Mr. Green in despair,
thought he must have some enemy
in the neighborhood, and sold his
farm and.moved away. Mr. Hunter,
a Chicagoan, bought it, and, a few
days ago, the orchard was again out
raged. The people are teraibly ex
cited over it, and are making extraor
dinary efforts to detect the despoilers.
only, will be Inserted on this page.
TK.V CENTS 1-KB IilXK OF SPACE. EACH INSERTION.
Si'eciai. Xoticks. 13 ctB. per line, each inser
tion. Cards of five lines space, 815 per vear.
As often Heretofore suid, we
iw5 now repeat, we will false
pleasure in receiving and forwarding
orders to any- of our advertising pat-
A large stock of the best varieties
for market or the Trlvate Garden ; handsomely
grown and henlthy. Price! low.
Xew Brunswick Nurseries,
-m Jfew Jurswy.
To Obtain an Orchard
or Hedge Without Money.
W. II. MANN & CO.
TO THE FARMERS
THE XEMAHA I,AXD DISTRICT!
"We keep constantly on liniicleverythlng In
the -way of Tine Building Material you muy
need, In quantities sufliclent to supply all
demands that may bo made; and, manufac
turing our material from the tree, paying no
Intermediate percent., we -will sell as low. If
not lower than any Yard in the west.
ICtlbourii, Jenkins fc Co.,
12-3m, Cor.4thi Main, Brownville.
Osage Orange Plants.
The largest and ilnest lot ever offered In
jSebrnska, and for sale low for cash, by
If. C. LETT.
Tr7 OSAGE ORANGE SEED.
fl OR SALE by Plant Bros., Pratt &
- - K.J., gfa XOU1S, MO.
reers harden Seeds
VEGETABLE & FL0WEK
Grass Seeds, Field Seeds. Evergreens, Plants,
Rosert, Dahlias, Verbenas, Gladiolus, Grapevines,
Small Frulte, Asparagus. Boots, Earlv Potatoes,
Onion Bets, Hoots, Implements, Ac
Dreer'n Garden Calender for 1S70; con
taining full descriptive list or the above, (1 pages).
beautifuUr Illustrated with engravings and two
colored platerf of "Xew Cbfeu,'and "Ornamental
IXoikt Metis," will be mailed on receipt ofa postage
HEALERS SUPPLIED on liberal terms. A
wholesale catalogue (for Dealers only) will be
mailed on appllcatlod.
HENRY A. DREER.
gt-att 714 Chestnut Street. Philadelphia. Pa.
FRESH EGGS for HATCHING
OWLS FOE SALXL
White TF..Black Spanish, per dozen 3 00
White Hamburghs, per dozen 3 00
IJghtBBtbmaB. pet dozen 4 00
English Pheasants , 5 00
AlHO. & few Hair Ot E&SlLsh 'PhMumnto ftt-r ! at
JlOperptir or flS per trio: and a few pair of Light
Orleans, at (C per pair ,br$8 per trio.
B-Jijw Eggs or Fowls shipped C. O. D. Terms
Cash or Post Office order. Hee seed In your o
"We now cmpyl25 Acres aad4000
feet of Greenhouses is tho propaga
tion of Trees and Plants. Our busi
ness is exclasivoly in the Nursery
Our ambition is to furnish the Plan
ters Gccd-Stoclr, true to representa
tion, at the lowest prices.
per doz. per 100
.fl $7 00
1 00 7 00
1 00 8 00
1 50. 10 tO
1 0U , 7,00
Dunlins, flnenamed varieties
Tuberoses, large flowering bulbs.
verbenas', choice mnas.
Alson seneral assortment orolanta, shrubs, and
Turnery Htocl: utUow' xirlcr.
No charge lor packliiB greenhouse plants.
J. f . Jordan,
l-"m St- Louis, Mo.
rpuE MOST VALUABLE VAttlETY KNOW;
X rpcommRntlml and endorsed by the most eml
tient Horticulturists of the country the beat varie
ty for market and family use: produces iuu crops
from early In the Spring until lrost comes in me
For sale by
E. 6. 1EGG & CO.,
General .lent for the"lVett. Office .V27 State St.
Ii. Parker's Patent
Patent Approved Jan. 271863.
AVc do not claim absolute perfection for this Hive,
but we do claim that It possesses the following ad
vantages over all others now In use:
1st. In It3 facilities for hiving and transferring
bees, and its adaption to the uanta of a swarm,
whether large or small.
Jd. In the protection which It affords against rob
bers and moths.
3d. For the Increase of stock, by artificial swarm
ing or dividing.
For supplying dostltute swarms with
without inducing robbing.
5th. In Inducing young swarms to remain in the
6th. In the removal of old comb, for the purpose
of having It renewed.
7th. In excluding the Drones, to preTent needless
waste of honey.
In Its protection against e-Ttrcmra of heat and
9th. In supplying lilvti with the means of raising
n Queen, If needed.
10th. In preventing tho lois of bee', occasioned by
lalllng on the snow.
Uth. In preventing suffocation for want of ven
tilation. 12th. It affords the greatest possible facilities for
the removal of honey Irom the surplus iionev box
es without disturbing the bees, or endangering the
bee-keeper, as also, with all other operations.
13th. It also exceeds all others in regard to the
ease and safety with which it can be removed lrom
place to place.
Uth, It excels In simplicity of construction, af
fording greater advantages for the same amount ol
labor than any other hive know n.
Sample Hives can be seen at the Advertiser office
and at McLaughlin ifcSmair-i, Main street, Brown-
For Farm Bights or I Uvea, apply to
DON J. ARNOLD,
C3-Sm Brownville, Neb.
New Grapes and Raspberries.
Ciie.iFokEveiiybody! I will send by mall,
free of postage, and in best condition,
One vine Xu. 1 Eumclan Grape, for . ....? 1.25
Ono vine Marth.1 (White Concord), for l.ou
Or, one vine each Kumclan and Martha... .. 2.00
One vine Salem and one Wilder (Rogers' Jfo. 4),
or two vines of either. for....... ... . . 1.00
Six plants Kaoml Ilaspberry, and six Mam
moth Cluster (McCormick), or six Davison's
Thornless the dozen for. 2.00
For $5.00 the whole assortment, including three
varieties of llaspbbcries and four of Grapes. Lnrger
quantities furnished at less rates on application.
Address M. B. BATEHA1C
"The Jlest Is tlie Cheapest."
THE PRESIIUiM: sanford corn
lias been thoroughly tested the pastseison In near
ly every State, and tully confirms all that has been
said In Its favor, as being the kaiilikst and momt
PRODircrcvE Held corn. In many Instances It has
ripened from two to three weeks In advance of oth
er varieties, and w ith n equal chance has produced
double the quantity per acre. Testimonials from
reliable farmers Indorse It as belny the iiest. Des
criptive Circulars free. One quart by mail post-paid
75c; 1 peck by express $! : 1 bustiel f. Address
S. B. FANNING. Jamesport, Long Island, N. Y.
Greenhouse and Bedding
Our New Illustrated Catalogue, containing lists of
Stove and lledding Plants, nnd Flower S?eds, Har
dy Herbaceous i'lanls. Dahlias, Gladiolus, Lilies'
and other Dulbs, Ls now ready, and w ill be mailed
to all applicants, postage prepaid. Address
MICHEL BKOS. & KEKN",
ZMm 107 North Fifth street., St. Louis, Mo.
Six Very Choice Plants by Mail,
Post-paid, for 2, viz :
Geranium, Gloire tie XaneiThc finos-t double
flower Geranium in cultivation: very lree, with
very large trusses of rosy scarlet lloen, elegant
for the vase.
Monthly Tree Carnation. Prrrldent Dec'rau: The
best double white Carnation : very fragrant, and un
surpassed for winter bloom.
Geranium, King of Scarlet. -The best scarlet Ger
anium In cultivation ; trees eight inches in diame
ter, stands the hot sun to perfection.
Dlanthxa Qiwtleril.A. beautiful perpetual hybrid
Pink, w ith large scarlet crimson double flowers, pro
duced profusely from May ta October, alM flowers
well In Winter. Extra fine.
Riyput Dahlia, Little Herman. -With small close
cumpuct fluv. crs of a beautiful cerise pink, tipped
with white, and sporCng into three or lour varieties
upon the same plant, flowers early and very pro
fuse. The best Coquet Dahlia ever sent out.
Euehtta Vaiiupter de Reubla.Tlc best double
white Fuchsia: sepals bright red, well reflexed;
corolla very full double, wlilte;feathered with rose.
The plants are put in cigar boies. with nearly the
entire ball of earth, and were sent with perfect suc
cess the past season to Denver City, Colorado.
Descriptive Catalogue of bedding plants forwar
ded on application, bv enclosing one blue stamp.
DEXTEIl SNOW. Florist.
CONCORD GRAPE Boots,
nnrnni) two veflrs. mrtKlfivpriif tlio
lUUUllnest quality. I will pack In moss,
' anil 1l!vir nil mllrru.rt nn tf tho
above stock, at S35 and W per thousand.
Bock Lakk Vinkyabd.
22-tf Lake Mills. Jefferson Co-Wis.
100,000 APPLE ROOT GRAFTS.
98 per 1,000 j $70 per 10,000.
30,640 one year old Grafted Apple Trees, 10 to 24
Inches high, 0 per 1000.
HOSES. Dundee Ramble and Feliclt, 1 year old,
81 per dozen ; $3 per 100; f per 1,000. Two
years old, S5 per ICO.
GRAPE VINES. Concord, one year old, fPper
dozen, ft per 100, 830 per 1000. Two years old,
f6 per 100. I vesr Seedling, fl per 100. "
Hartford Prolific, f 1,50 per doz
en. $6 pr 100; all good
Over 30 Ynrieties of Apples.
HARVEY CURTIS, "
g-1w Owego Nurseries, Tioga Co., N.Y.
4,000,000 HEDGE PLANTS,
"WHOLESALE OR RETAIL.
KlrfctvIUe, Adair County, Cimuri".
BflHlflHSlK&x HUv 1'VHs
r ' - ' ... . , i..i- .i ', ' " - - - '- - ' ' ' ' ." TTBIBfc
F . r . ' t - i r iijz.'j. t rf i-&. - r
Ml i - H '
DOUBLE OfaMOND CORN
Every Plow Warrantetlto
, LNUFATEURED BY
J. H. BEASON,
!fiain-stM Brownvillo, Nohrnska.
I hereby Inform the citizens of1 Xeiiiaha and sur
rounding counties that I am nrtw manufacturing
Double Diamond Com Plow,
which T warrant to. give entire satisfaction. Tills
plowls superior to any other iiojv .manufactured. In
the Vnjted ijtatcs, for four reasons, viz :
First Because they are made expressly lor the
soil of Xebroska and Missouri.
Second Because, the. peculiar twist of the
makes them scour in all kinds of soil.
Third Because they are made of the best materi
al, and arc light nnd durable.
FotmTir Because one man can cultivate fifty
acres, nnd save the expense of one hand, which
Is $75 In one year.
Itobt Gil more
MflJPliO.V'JBl? FOR 187.
With Heavy Axles, Diamond Twisted
Shovels and i-Feet Neck Yoke.
WEIR PiLOW COMPANY
Weir's CnltiwUor has not only stood the past eight
j ears, but is grow ing more and more popular. It
received the FIKST HONORS at the Illinois State
Fair In 1SC7. and the MKUAL J'JtJXULW at the fet.
Louis Fair in lWM, w here ere over tw ent v-llve dif
ferent Walking Cultivators In competition: the
IW&TJ'JtEJlICjrixl the Great Field Trial at St.
Louis Fair, lSKU.ordered by the Missouri fetate Board
or Agriculture: VIKST JJIEMirir at 61 District
and County Fairs in l&a.
During the eight years our Plow has been in the
marketit has J'JIO Vj:i) IliSKLFJKKLrAJlLKaX all
times, and w here others tail it gives universal satis
faction. TllEllE A HE OVER '25,(100 IX USE!
It Cultivates the ground deeper Ihananv other
Machine or the kind, and by an arrangement orthe
joint It can ! made to work as w;ll alter six year's
usagtjas w hen first put into the field. We have let
ters trom more than a thousand farmers, informing
u.-, of its durability and general good qualities, and
recommend It as the Ii EST CULTIVATOR IX USJa
IT 1'OSSESSES 3IAXY ADVA STAKES OVEIt
OTIIEIt COKX PLOWS:
1. Tt Is so simple that it can be operated by nboy.
2. By means ofa peculiar twist in. the Diamond
Shovels, (a late improvement,) we avoid all sidr
prctsvt rt, wneuier me shovels arc set to throw dirt
to or from the corn.
3. By means or tho cvener, and the draft being
on a direct Jine from the gaisK to the horses'
shoulders, thehorses' neck.1!, as well as the wheels,
are relieved of nil downward pressure.
4. By meaiLs of a patent square frame, the knuck
les are held in an exact vertical position, thereby
keeping the gangs in the same potition, and pre
venting that rocking motion so common with other
5. One man will do the work ofttwo, w ith greater
ease to himself mid horses, and thus save the wages
and hoard of a hired man, w hlch is equal per month
to the price of the machine.
G. It is strong, durublc, and Willi proper care will
last many years.
EVERY PEOV WARRANTED
after three days' fair trial, to give perfect satisfac
tion or the money refunded.
Tlio Agont can now supply tho Seed
Soivor Attachment to the "Weir Corn
Plo-w, at SIO Extra, froight addod.
Will Soto- from ono-half to four hush
els per aero, arid -without raking or
For sale by
J. Ia TERRXLL,
Kvan Worthing nnd J. II. Beason, Brownville; E.
C. I'routy. Veru ; J. S. Minick, Aspinwall;
Wm. Bagloy, Farm; D. C. Sanders,
Sanders MiIN. In Nemaha
and. can also be had at Pawnee City and Tecumseli.
J3rit in earnestly desired that farmers give this
I'l.OW a trial, as we are sure all who do, will be
well pleased with it. 20-2m
CHOICE TREES, SHRUBS, f
SEEDS AftU KltJLBS.
at wholesale or retail.
Our Lists represent tlie best
Nurseries In nearly every
State lnt lie Union, hence you
are almost sure to get what
you v ant, if it enn be found
anywhere, anil at the lowest
COLORED FRUIT AND
BEST STYLE. Four samples by
mall for $1. Bound for Nurserymen
and Dealers at a liberal discount.
IMPRO VED COMFO UND
A sure remedy for Grubs. Slugs.Ilor
crs.andall Insect Posts.and a valuable I
Fertilizer for Trees, Plants, Vines, &c.
Two pound cans, with full testimonials i
and directions, f I. i ,
Send for Circular, Send for Circular.
EDWARD A. WOOD. ! '
OtSKVA, N. V., )
Geneva Nursery Exchange. 17-3m :
I 3V IP A. 3V "X A. X O IS S
IMPROVE YOUR STOCK!
The "success that has attended my efforts In Sheep
Breeding, and the satisfaction given for the past IE
years Inducesme tocontlnuetliebusluess.althougb
at reduced prices, owing to the general temporary
depression in wool nnd sheep. 1 now offer for sale
about 100. embracing lambs, yearlings and older
sheep, both Bucks and Eves. These sheep embody
ine uei uiooti anu peuigree or i., anu oi l
fantado Stock, the most promising family of Meri
noes ever Imported, nndhred direct from Imported
stock. Those now offered for sale are from my
stock Rams "Hammond" and "Young Gold
Dnop." Hammond'' has hetivy neck nnd tall.
"Young Gold Drop" Is a smooth sheep; both ol
which are heavy and densesheuren,'. I can accom
modate the fancy of all wishing to purchase sheep.
Full pedigrees and sufficient guarantees will ac
company every sheep, nicely caged and -sent by
Express, at my risk, at reasonable and stated rates,
or otherwise If dehirable, with sufficient foraga to
any pare of the United States or Canada.
All orders will be tilled wlta the utmost car'
under my own personal supervision, and all reason
able satisfaction given In all cases.
For further particulars and Illustrated Circulars
apply with stamp to
F. L. TJPHAM,
PerklnsviUe, Vt, late of Springfield, Vi.
Concord Grape Vines, oneye&r old. very largeaad
fine, for sale cheap. In large or small quantities, or
would exchange lor small evergreens, either from
nursery or lorest.
APPIiE ROOT GRAFTS,
Put up in the best manner, of choice westers va
rieties, on large roots. Addreai
D. VT. KAUFFMAM,
16-Cm Des 3IoInes, low.
o 'ilplli (J3
a H Pi
i I Mi
C ' ' -t
2,000,000 Hedge Plants?
Cheap'est'n'nd Best yet Offered. -
Xxtra fine, Apple Trees, Z and 3 years old.
Nice, well branched Apple Trees, at, $30 perifj
JPcach. Tear, Cherri, Flum, Apricot and 2i"cc
Currant andOrepe Cuttlngsr 32c. it. Ash, 1 to 3 ft.
Roses, Shrubs, Evergreens. Stocks and a large stock
of Small Fruit Plants, Ac. Ac Trade List for
Spring- now ready Our plants were dug early,
put awav properly, and are, In the best of condition.
HARGIS &. SOMMER,
lG-tf Star Nurseries, Quincr, Illinois.
-t . . . jti.. --,. . .j .. . (i , i ' i .
3IARINGO 1VINTER CRAB
SIBE R.I AN APPLE
Address, C. ANDREWS,
Marengo, aicHenry County, Illinois,
for Circular and Information.
SPUING OF is-jo.
The undersigned can mmlsh an unlimited num-
, berof well grown
of the, most desirable varieties for transplanting.
jfcfFor Particulars and Price J.Ist, address
JUUJPIZJuS & JCRAIN,
Grapevines, Small Fruits, and
Early Kingr Potatoes.
EU.MELAN, "WALTER, ASSAAVAMPSETT,
jrARTHA, SALEM, IONA,
and many other kinds at low rates, for Cash. All
nrst quality plants, one and two years old.
"WESTUIIESTER BLACK CAP RASP
f5,00perdozenr $25,00 per 100. Tho best Raspbtrry
in xne worm.
EARLY KING POTATO.
$1,00 par pound; five pounds for fl.OO. Price by
bushel on application. This Potato stands ahsad of
any other variety In the country for arhn)s and
quality. 1'iease order a few to try tnem.
Send for catalogues, Ac Address,
15-tf Tail River. Bristol Co., Mass.
FOR OUR ORCHARDS & DUMB BRUTES
BEAUTY & ADORXMENT
FOR OUR HOMES.
THE BEST TREE
FOR EVERGREEN HEDGES, SCREENS,
AND TIMBER BELTS, IS TIIE
Plants of Red Cedar, in largo quantities, at very
low prices. Our Circular, containing eight pages,
giving full directions for planting Evergreen, with
notes on the value or Shelter Belts, A-c,; will be sent
to any person, on the receipt of a three cent postage
stamp to prepay postage. "Vu especially request
ever- reader of this
TO SEND FOR A COPY.
A splendid lot of one yi
ear old Apple Trees
GROWN IN WIDE NURSERY
i ROWS of best
sorts, at Mil per 1000. Long Concord Grape Cuttings,
at fl per lono.
Also,' a large quantity of Transplanted White
Pine and Amcricnn Arbor Vital, very line, at low
est living prices.
Early orders and correspondence solicited.
JOHN M. HUNTER,
15-5m Washington Co. Illinois.
FOR "WESTERN" FRUIT GROWERS.
39,000 No. 1, one year Concord Vines, at
$40 per 1000.
No. 2, one year old. at
$20 per 1000.
No. 1, two years old, at
330 per 1000.
No. I, two year old Delaware, at
$30 per 100.
, No. 1, two year old Hartford, at
$15 per 100.
50,000 Concord Cuttings, at
' $3 per 1000.
Doolittles Improved Black Cap Raspberry, at
$15 per 100.
Mexican EverbearingStrawberry, at
S5 par 100.
Other leading Varieties, at
$3 per 1000.
Early Rose Potatoes the best known at
$3 per Bushel, or SO per Uarrel. .
II. A. TITUS,
TEAGER CREEK NURSERY,
Des Moines, Iowa.
Premium Chester White Swine
PUBE BRED POULTRY.
FINEST IN THE COUNTRY.
SEND STAMP FOR
Beautifully Illustrated Price
AND DESCRIPTIVE CIRCULARS.
THOS. B. SMITH, &. CO.,
NURSERIES AND FRUIT FARM!
AVIIiLOW DALE, CHESTER CO.,
50,000 Pencil Trees,
Oneyear old from bud, r, to 5 feet high.
50,000 Apple Trees,
From one to three years old, embracing the most
profitable varieties Tor family use and Market
urcnaras, including tne Celebrated Grime s Golden.
Also a gener?' line of Xursery Stock, viz :
Pears, Plntus, Apricots, Nectarines,
Qalnccs, Cherry Trees, Deciduous and
Hedge Plants, Grape Vines, and Small Fruits.
BAKESTRAW '& PYLE,
W-m "Willow Dale.ObQsterO., Pa.
McHcnry County, Illinois,
Grower of Apple Seedlings, Evergreens, Small
Fruits. tc Root Grafts of best kind put up to or
der. Orders solicited. Specimens of ifarengo, Si
berian Winter Apples, sent on application, with
stamps for prepayment, A drcularontheblbenan
species, 16 pages, sent for 10 ctjj Correspondence
SolIcitcdLetters answered promptly, with or
without stamps. 10-tf
TIMBER ANU SHELTER!
tfyoa want "Windbreaks for your Hoeses and
Orchards, and Shelter for your Stock and Crops,
plant the cheapest and quickest of all Timber the
Lombardy Poplar and Grey Willow. Cuttings sure
to grow, I offer at 12,00 per SC .
Dutchess Oldenburg Apple and other fruit trees
H. "W. DAVIS.
- Boxtf DwwNr.ITI.
' I f '
A. O. ZVXOOJtSEV
JfrwlMccr and Breeder of the 3 '
POLAND & CHINA HOGS
Canton, Fulton Co., III.
For purity of blood, and being well bred, these
hog3 are not surpassed by any other breed. They
are large nnu nne, or superior style, -ana may Be re
lied on ; and any one wanting Pigs or Jlogs of these
breeds should address me abovi.
Orders promptly tilled to all polnts.by Express or
Mr. Moore took the "$500 Pork Packers Premium,
at the St. Louis Fair In lS65,and also has Just taken
the 5700 Premium at the St. Louis Fair, 18U3.
Thcqnestlon Is frequently asked: "Whatmakes
or constitutes the Poland or China Hog." Tliey
were produced from three pure and distinct breeds
of Hogs all of which were imported, namely:
Poland, Big Spotted China, and Byfleld. They are
of lino bone, but large size combining, more emi
nently than any other, the excellencies of both
large and small breeds, being docile, very good
feeders, breeders and sticklers, fattening readily at
any age. and yet attaining creat wetcht at maturity.
They sometimes dress 3So tos. at from ten to twelve
month old: from eighteen to twenty months old.
500 to Ga2:r: at full growth they frequently dress
xootoOOO ics. They have loag bodies, short legs,
broad, straight backs, deep sides, with square,
heavy hams and shoulders, drooping ears, and are
of fine style generally. l-3m
PRIZE FOWLS. , .
Send for the Experimental JFtirm, Stoek and Poul
try Journal, containing list of Fimcy Fowls,, Stock,
Ac, with prices, of all the known valuable Fowls,
bred from pure Imported varieties on the most Im
The list comprises Brahmas", White and Dark
Dorkings, CreveCa!urs,Horedans,lJ Kleche HufT
Cocklns. Spanish Black and White, Seabright Ban
tam, Game.itc; also, all the best varieties ofwheat,
oats, corn, clover seed, c.
GEO. A. DEITZ,
21 tf Cliambersburg. Frank Co., Pa.
CURTIS & COBB'S
NEW ILLUSTRATED SEED
Floirer and Kitchen Garden Directory.
The Seventeenth Annual Edition of our Illustra
ted Seed Ctalniru?. fcnd Flower and Kitchen Gar
An Director", with price or Seeds, modiolus Bulbs,
Selected Small Fruits. Ac.. Ac. will De sent to all
applicants enclosing Twknty-fivk Cents. Old
customers scpplled without charge. Our Catalogue
has been frequently pronounced one of the best Is
sued. Forwird ordem earlv to
CURTIS A COBB, Seedsman and Florists.
3Wt SIS Washington St. , Boston , lass.
A splendid stock of nfl valuable varieties, offered
this fall and coming spring, of superior quality and
at very reasonable prices.
Illustrated Descriptive Catalogue
containing valuable information on Grape Culture,
will be mailed to all applicants enclosing 23 cents.
Price 1.1st gratis; orders solicited.
Address- ISIDORE BUSH fc CO.
50-novl mchl ap!15 Bushburg, 3Io.
FIRST CLASS FRUIT TREES!
Grown and Imported
J. J. UT7TTERTON.
APPLES. Standard, Half Standard Bush and
Dwarf Grafted on Restraining Stocks, by
which the best results are obtained, yielding
crops at an early period, and In soils and as-
pects otherwise not favorable to this fruit.
PEAR. All the leading kinds, standard and pyra
PEAR. Choice new sorts, at present scarce.
I'EACII. On Plum Stock.
PEA CIL-On Peach Stock.
Si0?75'--011 Plum Stock, pyramid and dwarf.
ACTARJAE-On Plum Stock, pyramid and dwarf
-EX";r.0n,?ll,,n Stock, pyramid and standard.
ClfLRRl . Standard and dwarf, very fine.
CHESTXUT. Spanish dwarf, very line.
Q UIXCE-yiost varieties.
MULRERRY. Most varieties.
CRARS. Collections embracing 2-1 varieties.
CURllAXTS.Ml the choice large sorts.
Choice and rare Evergreens: Rhododendrons: Flow
ering Shrubbery; Ornamental Foliuged Plants:
Drooping and Fancy Shade Trees, grace
fully trained, well suited to mounds and
borders; and Cemetery Evergreens.
BThose the better to sustain distant carriage are
kept in pots.
THE L0XD0X Xl'RSERIES,
21-tf Hammonton, N. J.
Eamsdell Korway Oats.
The best and most profitable Oat grown, yielding
more than twice as many bushels per acre as com
mon Oats. The straw Is very strong, and rarely
lodges or falls down. Our seed Is clean and free
from noxious weeds.
One Bushel, S5. Ten Bushels, $40.
One Hundred Bushels, $300.
E. Y. TEAS,
"-5 m Richmond, Ind.
SPRIXG OF 1S70.
The undesigned can furnish jm unlimited number
of w ell grown
of the most desirable varieties for transplanting.
3-For Particulars and Price Ilst, address
3L,XJITIvIISr & CttJLUSy
PUIVSKI COUNTY, ILLINOIS.
100 Trees and Plants for SIO.
I wilfscnd by Express, to any address,
20 Apple Trees, good sorts, difTerent seasons,
5 Pear Trees.
ii Peach Trees,
1 0 I-nwton Blackberries,
iJO Wilson Strawberries.
JO Concord (Srapes,
1( Doolittlc Raspberries,
10 Red Dutch Currants.
all for?10; or one half the above for 6. or double
ror Sis. All No. 1 plants nnd trees.
BT. TV'. DAVIS,
-! Box HI. Decatur, 111.
Robert Douglas & Son,
PEAR AD EVERGREEN TREE
Wholesale nnd Retail Dealers In
Native Evorgreen and Applo Soods,
Evergreen and Ornnmentnl Tree Seedllncs
one. two and three years old, suitable Tor Ornamen
tal Planting and for Timber. We have the largest
stock ever grown In this country, all raised from
seeds In our own grounds. Consisting mostly ot
Xorway Spruce. Austrian. Scotch and White Pines.
Balsam Mr, Arbor Vita?. European Larch. Europe
an and American fountain Ash. Ac. Transplant
ed Evtrgreens, one to two feet high. Duchess of
Oldenburg Apple. Transcendent and Hyslop Crabs.
Apple sseedllngs, Pearand Evergreen Tree Seeds
Vle above are all perfectly hardy In Xebraska.
Send for Catalogues.
R. Douglas & Son,
, AVaukegan. I1U
BLOOM ISGTOxV XURSERY.
10th YEAR. 500 ACRES.
All First Class Stock. In part, as follows :
Apple 1000. 1 r.. 23; 2 !-.. CO; 3 yr., JI00.
Ul,c'Je, Olilcnbnrjr, (.'riiiu-HTrnnsccni!cnt
1000,1 yr.,&o: 2 yr.,pVX. HNlop-1 and 2 yrx.
Pcnr, nmlnrd lwitii.- 1OTKHX
Pear, Dwarf llwftK; lCOOSMO.
Itasnberrj Rig Miami and Doolittlc 1000 ti.
Illackberry Mating. U7Uon' IZtrli 100OH3.
Root Urnftt AtmrtmenU, Including Duehrsr, Jfl-
Mlnp. Transcendent, Grimes, Stark ami Southern
Nursery Stocks Sorts, mid Goose ami Miner
Osaae Oranjre Plant 1-f com, 10,000 $15.00
Evergreen- Mostly transplanted jnannifleent stock
Maples AoC or Silver-leaved, all sizes, including
liW) Ibrest. 6 Inch 1 0 .- transplanted 6 to 12 Inch.
$3.00; 1000, 2 to 4 ft., f 1 ' .- -1 to 6T.. r- - 6 to 8 ft., ?30.
Rosen oOO sorts, laroest stock, 100 12,- 1000 1U),
Kreeuhouse, IleddinKaiid Vegetable PUnts.
rrultand rlower Platen samples by mail, fl.
43Send 10 cents Tor CahUogues.-55i
F. K. rilOEXIX,
-K Bloomlngton, Illinois.
SAIXT CLAIR NURSERIES.
FOR YEAR OF 1870.
As & specialty. I offer to the trade, dealers and
planters, the best crown stock of Apples now In the
country. Over 20U.000 four to six leet high, with
good heads. The varieties consist of tha leading
and popularsorts. Will be sold under the market
to cash customers.
I have of these an extra fine stock, will be sold
low by the thousand.
I can furnish Apple Scions of all the leading and
popular sorts, at fc per 1CC0-CASH.
Will fill dealers general assorted bills on as favor
able terms ss any other house.
For further Information, address
I3ftft $simarrtl, Ttl.
ROSES BY BlAIt.
Roses In three kinds. 3 : two llof Sf &!
one year, plants, of the- flneat selected : vkrwrC
1 al.a "i
Tl r VOTO rKvTf '.
Ilarmonyarvoe Xunerta. jVwtOroVr
THE STJHPHISE OATS.
. X"ur 'S""0 "urs ror o new rr. -this
most valuable new Om. which baa !! H?&
itself the most productive ev?r gronrli?i!?v4
bushels to the abre, weighing S 5oun & Tt-fe"
el, earlier to harvest, aid b5&W&5bS1
"i S "-iSSSS-SH'ww fienv lt f JiV "
Tn, " V
-D-J 0D,al!nK Prime seed are requwted (2?'
By the barrel, 3i bu. .
2 qts. by mall, Postage paWUZH
, , gandwich, V.J.
HIGJIIL-AXD STOCK. FARM
Office, 190 State St.,Bestaa
WLNTHROP W. CHEXEBY
3sporter and Breeder of
Dutch, (or Holsteln Cattle. Angora Cci.
shins Swine. "Uucoln." "CararaT" a?t -VT,rk
or"iroutonFlandrlu" Sheep, ThoronM v.Tf3r
Trotting Horses. Jtc iuoroo-Sred a,
Catalogues sent by mall on applies Voa
.lira. Ellen S.
ton. Iowa, forvnl.
Hives.Italian Bees, and the
means of keeping them
Eure wbere other bees a
500,000 Choice Grape TIaer,
2,000,000 Grape Vines & C
Of all the leading varieties. CltEAPFTt fitite
ANYWHERE ELSeT -",-A"Jt TKIX
AJ?,,fbeJ?,J"' Currants. Gooseberry. BUckh.-,
ry, Pie Plant, Roses, and other Nursery Stoc '
I HLL TAKE GOOD WESTERN LANTW
AT CASH VALUE, FOR NURSERY STOCK,
To make short, applicants must give nUin dtt
crlption and price of lands.
Dk. H. SCHRODER,
IN THE TRADE.
We ofler for sale. Spring ol ISTO.at the Bloomfa".
ton Grove Nurserj-. Btoomlngton. 1IL. to dalen cr
planters,a finestock of remarkably thrifty iifalthT
well branched and stocky, two year old apple tie
-I to 6 feet, of popular western sorts.
Also, a fine large stock of very fine oa mrolS
apple trees. Irish Junipers IS toa inches, Mtlothtr
Evergreens of small sizes. ROSES, a tint assort
ment. Including many of the new nnd rare varie
ties; plenty ol Marshal Nlel, the most beautiful
rose grown. Ornamental aEdShadeTreei; Sfcrult
and niAny other trees andjplants, not named. W
will sell at the
living pricas. Invite an examination oi our stock.
Lettersof Inquiiy promptly aawnvJ.
w. p. wills & soy,
IVURSERY ASSOCIATJOX r
A general assortment of Nury Stock, lncluiJlar.
all tha leading kinds of
ROSES ON THEIR OWN ROOTS,
DWARF BOX FOR EDGING,
NEW AND CHOICE FLOWERING
RASPBERRIES AD BlACKBERTJIEg.
GEXUIXE EARLY ROSE POTATOES
at Jf.OO per bushel.
at 1,00 per bushel.
NE WBR UNS WICK OATS,
at 75 cents par bushel.
.M at fJ,00 per bushel.
Of the latter 10 pounds produced Sit pounds the put
T. B. JENKINS, Supt.,
GROVER & BAKER'S
FAMILY SEWiUG MACHINES
405 llroadway SVttc York,
Points of Excellence.
Beauty and Elasticity of Stitch.
Perfection and Simplicity of Ma
chinery. Using both threads directly from
No fastening of seams by hand and
no waste of thread.
Wide range of application without
change of adjustment.
Thescam retains its beauty and firm
ness after washing and irouing.
Besides doimrall kinda of vork dons
I by other Sewing Mac-rimes, these 3Fa-
chines execute the niott beatitinu auu
permanent Embroidery and ornaniea
V2 The nrg!iej.C Premiums at all the fairs
and exhibitions of the United StUs and
Europe, have been- awarded the Graver & U-
ker Sewing ilachitwjs, nnd the worn ucn dt
them, wherever exhibited", In eompetitforr.
3" The very highest prize. The Crn t
the Jje-lon or Honor, was conferred en tbe
representative of the Gro'.er & RakeiSetlW
Machines, at the Exposition Universe-.
Paris, 1S67, thus attesting- their great superi
ority over all other Sewing Machine.
Smpire Slmttle JUacIiiiie'
Patented Feb. 11, 1860, & Sept. 1. 1S
RECEIVED THE FIRST PRIZE
Great Fair of the American Institute
In Xrvr York, Oct. 28, 1-&, A
And Highest PTcmlnra for Bet
At Paris Exposition. JnJy,lS-
Xb. I Family Jlnchine.
Thb machine Is constructed on a n.-w ?-$',
n iechan Ism , posse I ng many rare anl a'r'l..
provemenw. Having ceen eiammi
profound experts, and pronounced to
provement-, having been examined by lfJ"jjy
urofonnd eiwrts. and nronouneed to oe stw
and perfection combined- . , . .-
The following are the principal obJeCicns en
against sen lug machines:
1. Excessive fatigue to tne operator.
2. Liability to get out of order. , ,.rrf-r.
3. Expense, trouble, and loss of time In "PrSjJ.
4. Incapacity to sew everr descriil.ua v je
5. Disagreeable notse while In optrat!"".
The Empire Sewing Machine U Ezenv
from all these Objections.
It has a straight Xeerile. Perpewl'arrr"r
rip nor ravel, and Is alike on both "l3 ESeS,
perfect sewimr on everr description o ,-;
with cotton, linen or silk thread, from ine v.j
to the Uncut number ,
It Hems, Fells, Binds, Braids, Tucks,
Quilts, Plaits and Gathers.
As a Family Senlrg 3fachlne It hesno'O?
Special attention Is called to our new iiaprc
Nos. 2 & 3-Maattfactnrij2gMacIiifl
They have been tioroughly tested onertrf
cription of Cloth an I Leather "VV.rk. rcsa-
Steam Power at the rate of
1 ,200 Stitches per Minute.
Producing more than doable the JX,?ti&tbt.
er Shuttle Machine now In nw thestMOi
uniform and beautlfuH they are Mmplem'x' j
Hon. easily underetoodTaiidnotbeli.'eir.
of order, run light and are TJ&tt: ttf
For Tailoring or Leather Work wecWmuv. ot&tf
Empire Sewing Machine co., K -
. WELLS A '"j
Oeneral Acents N. TStotes aadTerrlrf ,
plorment at home, the "bole of the tra prow
Sparemoments. B-tae,.Se.l'mKftom 9x ''Jf
Persons of either sex W3"r K?SvoUnct
evenln. and Vroponlonmbya
whole time to ihe huslness. BoTJ talste-
nearly as much as ,; ?? ?? the 1
tice may a their rid; trit Bei,a gj
we make thb uppara edoj- y, ftrgj
not well satisfied, we will 8SSjiirs. '"f,!
trouble of writlng.11 0rKo.-
fhV Tareest and best to$2g & ffjj
all sent free by BiaXLKnaetur" f
nent.rroatabIeLph;yin' "a &
-slt-s-u. q-r .