Newspaper Page Text
FRANK CARPENTER HAS
GONE TO THE PHILIPPINES -
His letters will reach Sunday
- Republic readers regularly after
c about-February 15. c c
FOR ALL ST. LOUISANS
0 will oz found in a set of teauti
c' ful pictures that will form a feat -c'
ure of next Sunday's Republic
ST. 1.0 ITS. MO.. THURSDAY. JANUARY IS. 1000
.-.-.-, -.-. f'n l- '""' " Cent.
I; Tf 'V J llul-iil.- . loin.. Tim Cents.
-L iUV. XJ, (Ml Trll11Bt Tlirri- Cents.
SEWAGE STARTS SOUTH TWO INJUNCTION SUITS.
leiPis a mw
iwsss'hhss' m KrfEH
fico rVlIIA luff
Flowing Toward St. Louis and Ex
pected to Arrive in
Joliet Finds It a Dirty Blue, but Says It Doesn't
Smell Bad Breaks the ice at Ottawa
Chicago. HI., Jan. 17. Dipping Its steel
beak under tho surface the great d.im at
the Ixickport Controll tip Works let a flood
of filthy water from the Chicago Klver rusii
down it broid surface at 11 16 o'clock this
forenoon, and the PVIH drainage rhan
nil was ntnclallj- r pencil.
Tho surface- of the barrier disappeared and
the rushing waters, as they struck tho foot
walk at the base of the dim. took an up
ward curie and leaped Into the rock-floored
ditch beyond Tilth a roar, l'rom the top
of the south tower thn rush of tho waters
was natch d with glee by tho sanitary
district trustees and tho members of tho
Inspection Commission -stood by smiling.
For a few moment the water pounded
against tlio stout planks of the walk, and
then a heavy timber tore out the section
next the south wall.
Due Here- In n. Week.
A moment later tho plank were tossing
flbnut as straws In a hurricane, and scat
ters! in the seething current 2) feet out
in the channel. The engineer tfcen showed
how easily tho dim was operated by rais
ing the beak once more abovo the surface.4
It wa then lowered for tho second time,
and all day lone the roar continued. To
morrow the ponderous gates will be elevated
and the water will find its outlet under
Chief Engineer Randolph estimates that
it will take a week for the first water let
through tho dam to reach the Mississippi
The lowering of tho bear-trap dam was
marked by llttlo ceremony. Tho trustees,
who had arrived from Joliet but a few min
utes before, with Governor Tainer's per
mission, and the members of the State In
spection Commission, crowded together on
a corner of the masonrj, at ono end of the
big dam. President Boldenweck of the san
itary trustees. Introduced Fre:id-nt Taylor
of tho Stato Inspection Commission, who
mado a short speech, in which, on behalf
of Governor Tanner, ho gave permission for
tho opening of the controlling works.
As ho finished l'rei... nt Koldeaweck pro
cosed tbreo checis lor Colonel Talor,
which wero given with great gusto by tho
trustees. Three more cheers wern given for
tho Inspection Commission as a whole, and
then Trusteo Eckhart, perchcJ on an 1-jn
beam above, waved his hat and shouted:
"Let her go!"
Thero was a rush of tho trustees to the
wheels controlling he valves that raise and
lower the bear trap tlam, and all assisted in
fetting free tho water held back by tho
controlling work?. At first tho water passed
over In a thin sheet, but as the dam went
down tho volutro beenrrs ir-r".r -'
greater. untU. v"..an tho trustees left, an
hour after the dam first moed, SM.000 cubic
feet were pouring over It every rainute. The
bearings in the seven big gates had not all
been put in, eo these had to remain in their
Tanner Wns In n. Ilarr'.
There vras much shaking of hands. laugh
ing and slapping on bicks among the trus
tees at tho successful opening of tho works
After watching the How of the water for
n few mlnutts, the trustees and members
of the State Commission it turned to 'heir
special train and reached thu city at 1.30
The trustees, who arrived at Joliet about
S o'elork this morning, remained there un
til 1).j, waiting for Governor Tanner's per
micsion to open tho work. At tli.it time
the Governor s.ent his permission by tele
phone, and a few minutes later tdesrajihd
to f ommiv-iomr Iimbert as follows:
"There must be no delay. Tell the trus
tees to open tin gates nt once. 1'ormal pr
misslou will come later."
On receiving this, the trustees rushed
ot boara the special train, hurried to Lock
port and opened the bear-trap dam.
Just ah they wero leaving Lockport for
Chicago Governor Tamer's formal permit
was received b I'n Mdent Itoldenweck.
Great Jollltv prevaihd among the trus
tees on thM.-wav bark to the city Speech
es were made by lr ident Hold nweck,
Comraisioner I-ambert and Chief Knglnecr
Itandolph, in which tl.o trustee i. tho n
Uneering staff, the special commission, anil
Governor Tanner were praised, tho latter
being .ulotizid very wtronRly by men who
talked very dlfferentlj a few .lays agu
when his attitude was in doubt.
iMTlig In solution.
Menaced by the action of the Stato au
thorities of Missouri before tho L'nitml
States Supreme Court and the St. Louis
officials through the United States Circuit
"ourt In Chicago, the trustee hurried tli
opening of the ehanml. A last appeal wan
mado to the members of the Stito Inspec
tion Commission. Colonel T.ilor and A.
V. Sclioch, two of tho Commissioners, who
were la Chicago, were taken to Joliet after
mldnisht. and John Ijimb-rt. tho Commls
s'oner from that cit. was callel from his
home to confer with his associates and tho
trustees, and they wire asked to rertlfv
to the Governor that tho channel had lx-en
It was daylight before the Commission
ers were won over. Then the appeJl to tho
Governor was made rifteen minutes after
consent had been given the party stood at
the controlling works and the gate-s wero
At dark the water rupning over the dam
was still of tho grieniah tinge of that
which has tilled the basin, but there was
no sign of tho black and dirty stuff that
ran out of the west fork throuirh the Hume
the Hi-st three dus. Tture was no odoi
"There will not be much bid-looking wa
ter going out of the channel," KJid .Mr.
(Vmlcj. "The heavy particles have all set
tled to the bottom. This water Is carrjlng
tnntiderable of the sewage in solution, tut
nune in suspension."
After returnlrg from Bridgeport this
afternoon the trustees b"M n meeting and
d-.-id.-d to let I ire a new Isue of l-per-int
bonds to the amount of J1,WV") The
tirt issue of a similar amount was IK. d
at SM: Ir cent, but it was found almost itn-o-Ihlt
to dispone of these at tho rate
1 he telephone tollkeeper at ISri.lgeport
mad.' an investigillon. which proved satis
factorj to those who are in favor of tlio.
channel. He took an observation at noon
and again at 1.30 o'clock. He found that a
urrent of troin 2.70) to Z.i") ft ft per hour
was running ut the Ashland avenue bridge, i
It was a!o found that the Chicago Hivcr
ad fallen live inches In two hours and a
"IIIIST1 lll.li:' AT .lOI.IIlT.
J. liet. Ill- Jan. 17. Hundreds of men
and women thronged the river banks In
Joliet this afternoon watching the new cur
ie nt In the channel created bv the opening
at Lockpert Nearly two hours, after thu
liear-trap draw was rai- d the water In
Juliet began to show marked effects from
"the increased volume I! 1 o'clock tho
riv.r bed began to till, and h 2 o'cl k
iherc w.is a iilist.iiTial current evtendia?
from one bank to another The ri'e In the
water spice noon has been four feet Tho
water is a dirty blue, but bears no odor.
.The citizens here Jook for much improve
roon as tho lako water reaches
itcrriii.io m unt
Ottawa. III. Jan. 17 -There was no
chango in t!,o river until lat. this after
noon. when the ice. which was more than
seven inches thick, br..ke and m"il out,
doing no damage. Thero appears to be an
Aii:rv at i'i:i)ui.
Ii:i:itiiijc si-Kc-i vi,.
Peoria. III.. Jan. 17. 1'
louvly awaiting results fr
orlars aro an-
frnM th.t trntinlnr.
.i. j . . : "
i ino urainigo canal controlling gates at
Ickort this morning, whereby the pent
up volume of w.iter N gien its" freedom to
ruh down Into the Illinnis 1:1;. -r. I.o.al
opinion varies widely as v, the ffect this
opening of the chjnntl will have n the
lVorla Lake. Some say thero will be a
flood, and others Uugh at tJjo Id. u The
dams are still in place. Iioneur, and a trill
will spe.dlly solve the iintimi to tho sat
isfaction of the IVorU Me.imboat men It
seems to 1h? iht. pr vailing opinion here
tlint the increased volume of w.ittr villi
r.ach this citv rrid.iv. and Its ndv.nt will
be watched with the keenest Inter. t. Tho--living
in cabin boats and shacks close to
the rivir aro apprehensive. It is :ier:.d
that considerable be may le carried down
with the torrtnt. and if is-, volume Is n
sreat as fear lends this elas of rivir people
10 Imagine. thre will undmibtedlr be -ome'
herlous losses along tlie river's tdge
FILTRATION THE REMEDY.
Water Comniisioiier Flail on tin
The last act In tho oj-ning of tho canal
was somewhat unepfcted by the ojllclals
of SL Ixmis. It was believed by City
Counselor Schnurmacher that tho formal
oper.Irg would not tal.o placo until Satur
day, and that the tvent would be made the
occasion of a monster celebration. I lis In
formation was obtained from William
Iironn. the citj's special counsrl, who Ins
been on the sceno for several wel.j. ;t
was Schnurmacher's Intention to tile an in
junction suit this morning to prohibit the
proposed opening of the canal, and he for
warded to Attorney Ilrovm tlm ...-.-o.,,.-..
arlldavits for the injunction proceeding.
uuiuwuiaaier iiimsir nas gone to Wauli
rs on. to assist in the legal proceedings to
be Instituted In the United fctates Supreme '
..I. .:dta.Ior. of the .njunciu.n pro- !
ceeaings. Attorney General Crow- had pre
ceded f him to the. Capital.
The Chicago people, it is believed hf-e
learning of tho proposed Injunction, sprung
u surprise by openirg tho canal earlier
than was expected.
This action leaves St. I.ouis without any
protection from tho threate-ncd pollution of
ts vatr supply, at least temporarily Out
side of the I. gal proceedings to be Instituted
b the Attornej Gen. ml and City Coua
uler, the cily oflicials are jHivvrles:, t0
avert tl.o possible contagion.
AVater Commissioner Had said vesterday:
"I don't see that It is possible "for us to
do anj thing in thu premises more than we
have tUready don. Tor myself, l will say
however, that I do not bell. vo thero Is as
serious a menace to the health of the com
munity in the opening of the t anal as maiiy
r"."" nave ue. n leu io Denne. I ba"o
my r.ason for this statement en tho fatt
that tho sew lge now coming down, will,
after it leaves tlio Illinois Itiver. be forc.nl
to hug the Illinois shore on its way pa-t tie
cit b the powtrijil current ot tho Mis
souri. Our Intake tower, from which we
derive our water supply, is close to the Mis
souri side, and I do not believe our supplv
of drinking water will be matirlalh or .1 in
gerouslv iiir-ctcd by this sewage Of course
there N nlwajs pristnt the probablllt that
this additional volume of watir mayupset
all conservative calculations, and not oriiv-
pollule our water supplj, but alo be tie
source of contagion nsultirg in a frlghtiul
epidemic. If si ch should prove to be the
case, it would be a terrible price to pay for
tho experimmt. and w.; are justlli.d in tak
ing .-tery pre-cautlon to opposo sueh a tain
dltion. "Estimating the cjrrent of the Illinois
Kin r at two miles an hour. It will probablv
will t a w-k. on a rough estimate, before
the gewage r.arhts this jwint. I lnl I, lVe
samplisof water tnken from the river daily
leioro and aft-r tho waters' of the canal
have, rea' lied us. ard a s..ri..s of elaborate
ti-sts will be made to del. rmlne the amount
of pollution or the prcentago of contamini
tlon caused by Its presence. I do not an
ticipate any marked or immedlito ehange
for the worse in tho character cf the water
hnre. The character of b icterla and animal
llf- in water is constantly changing, ami it
will require dtlicate tests to determine how
far tho outflow of the can il Is responsible
for the contamhiution Of course, if the
change is marked and immeuia'e, the cause
will be readily known
"In my estimation, the only nmedy for
tbo situation, which will Insure a pure sup
plv of water. Is tho establishment of a ni
tration ilant. Such a plant Is a neces
si ty. and would be found Imperative, even If
wo were r.ot confronted with tho present
dangir from Chicago's 111th. It Is the hi
tory of all rivers that thev becomu more
and more iiltbv as towns spring ii anl
nourish along us I ,inh, ant the onl eei-
lain way insuring a supply of pure
health v drinking water is to lilt, r the wa
ter We have Kansas City, Sr Charl. ,
Alton and other cities now sending dnwn
their sewage to us from nljve thn source
of our water suppl-. and this in ltelf
should recommend the establishment ul i
liltering plant as a sanl'arj nee Jtv
"While I nnthspito an increase in the
diath list fi-om th. inirea tl risk of ein
taclnn made probable bv the flowing the
s vv ii.e of Chi. .ico pas. our wat. r-front. 1
do not believe the aetual dang, r iv as great
as manv timid persons have brought thrm
selvis to behove."
TO SUCCEED SHERMAN.
J. A. Sjionr Klccted I'res.iileii, C 'In
o:ij,' I'liioii Stock Yards Co.
Chicago, 111.. Jan 17. John A Spoor was
to-elHy advanced front vice rreident to thit
of president of the Union Stock Yards an 1
Tian-it Company, succeeding John It. Sher
man, who retired after hiving lcn con
nected with the company since its organiza
tion, about thirtv-tiie jears ago. The new
president is generally teganlei as a Vau
d"ibilt man. and his election, it is said, wdl
Ktnngtlien the Vandirbilt Interests in the
stock ards eompanv. The combined ntneisl
of vice prcsideir and general nun.ir ...- I
made distln.t and A. G Leonard elee-t. d constructe.1 under the act, the trustees or
to the newlv created position of gneral'the channel shall notify the Goierno- of
manager A number cf ether chanr. i ' Illinois of the completion of the ch.i.ini
the rtire-etonite and cxecutiie staff of the
lompanj ware made. C V. Mjcr was
cltct'J secretary and treasurer, vice J. C.
lcnlson, who resigned.
Attorney General Crow Files
Plea in the Federal Su
Extended Synopsis Here
Facts Presented bjr
Th ',fju Vr IMrin.
llth St an! r.nrMliHnla Axe
Has.iinilon. Jan. 17 The nuc-tlon of m-
Joiiilng tho .Sanitary District Trustees from
turning Chicago sen ago Into the Illinois
and Mississippi ;ivers was brought be
fom the 1'nlted State-. .Supreme Court
to-day. On b. half of the sU.ite of Mis
souri. Attomej Cenenil Crow tntere.1 a
motion for leave to tile a bill of complaint
and submit to tho court copies of tho
I rapiaii -icn an injunction against
I tre drams; i Is s.umht.
Tho matur was not uecided to-dav. but
the motion vias entired, and tho court will
x:imlno the bill.
Tho fact that the drainage trustees have
turned the water from th- canal Into the
Pesplalms Itlvcr apparently does not Im
pair the virtue of the complaint llie.l nor
l.movo the clnnco for securing relief by
Injunction. The contention of the Chicago
p. opl- is that their controlling works ar.j
. jeif.ct that the gat i can be closed and
the wattr furced bark Into Like Michigan
upon short notlc Congressman Ixirlmer of
Chicago said this evening to The H-publlo
"The gates at Lockport can 1 closed at
anv time in llvo inlnuti-.. if neiessarj'. Th'J
trustees had every right to open them to
dav. hiving a permit from the War Depart
ment ard from the Governor of Illinois
"In my opinion," he add.d, "the matter
Is one for ascertainment by a jury as to
whether the water really is polluted and
teaches the complainants In an Injurious
cunditlon, rather than one justlfjing a writ
As the matter Is understood h. re. thero
would appear to be to serious obstael.i to
stopping tho op. ratiun of the canal If an
Injunction is granted.
Governor Sti'phetis Attorney General
Crow' and City Counselor Schnurmacher
reached Washington this morning. They
wont to the Capitol and called on soma
of tl.elr friends In the Senate and House.
and nt noon Congressman Ue Armond ac
companied them to the Supreme Court
room. Vm l.is motion. Messrs. Crow and
Sohnurmachcr were admitted to practice In
this court. S. M. Hurdett of Chicago, who
represents the canal interests, at the samo
time, on motion of Senator Lindsaj of
Kentucky, wa.s admitted to practice. Mr.
Hurdett will be associated with Judge W'm.
M. Sprlnge-r. form, rly of Spnm,fi.td, III.,
in tho conduct of the defense.
Immediately aft.r b.lng admitted. General
Cio'v eutcrec a motion for leave to tile a
bill Tor injunction, making the State of
Illinois and the sanitary district of Chicago
Jo-nt defendants Permission was sranied
to file the motion, and later la the day
c. pies of the bill of complaint were de
l.veted to tho court. The e-ourt asked if
copies had been furnished to the defend
r.t.ts. Attorney General Crow replied that
he understood the defendant. wre repre
sented bv counsel, tin n present. Tho court
thereupon order, d the motion to be dull
entered, and th matt, r rested trr the ela.
The ordinary proceeding in such ca'es, it
seems, U for each of the Justices to x
amlno the bill, in order to de termlno If It
constitutes a cause) of action, and, whether
or not the- court has Jurisdiction. The
Justices will meet In chambers Saturday ,
and. If they aro agreed on the"o two points,
an older will bo issued, p. rhaps by Mon
day, permitting the bill to I- filed In that
case, summons will ls-ue against the de
fendants unless the defendants waive such
notice. Tho defendants probtbly will be
given twenty or thirty elajs in which to
answer the complaint.
If. however, the Justlres are not agreed
tlut the bill presents a tauso of action, or
that the court has Jurisdiction, they may
order that a diy be set for a hearing of
f.ne, ot boih questions, to be argued by th
two parlies After that. If their decision
la in fuv : of the defendants, that prob
ably would cud proceedings lii the Supreme
If thn bill is ordered filed, defendints
probably will be permitted to tile an at.
swer before tlm hearing of tho .appllc3tIon
for Injunction Is had. This reply of the ele
fense might bo of vital Importance The
ltepubllc correspondent Is informed that, in
such ease, the Sanitary Truste-es villi con
tend tlw tli controlling works at Ick
jMirt en -hie them to shut off the w iter at
at. y time Therefore, the defeudJnts will
argue, no Irreparable damage is Imminent
and no good ground evlsts for an immedi
ate Injunction: because, it will be contend
ed ly them, if occasion should arise when
it would arpear that tho Illinois Valley
might bo flooded, or If shown that the sew
aije had actually been carried into tho wa
ter supply of St. Louis, thereby menacing
tho llve-s and health of tho people there,
tho current could bo mopped Immedlattdy
bv merely closing the gates. In shirt, the
trustee's assert, through their counsel hero.
that the drainage peoplo havo comploto
control of the situation and that no possi
bio danger of an Irreparable character can
result to anjbody or anything from tho
opening of the gatc3. Upon this contention
thev hope to defeat tho application for an
The complaint on wnlch nn Injunction is
asked is signed bv the State of
Missouri, bj Lou V Stephens. Governor.
Kdward '" Crow, Attornej General, and
It. S-hnurmai her. roundel. It sets forth
that minj' cities and towns in Missouri tie
low the mouth of tho Illinois aro compelled
to rely upon the Mississippi for their dally
neccssiry sjpply of water for drinking and
all other domestic and agricultural and
manufacturing purposes, nnd for watering
stock and animals, and that tho river has
l.ocn flowing In Its regular course, and has
been used fer the purposes r.amcei for a
time whereof the memoty of man runne-th
net to the cuntrarj . and that the river and
its waters for such use are mllpcn'iMo
to the life and health and business of the
inhabitants of Missouri.
The the waterworks sjstera havo been
constructed with reference to tho Missis
sippi Itiver and for taking water therefrom,
and not from any other source.
That in ltf. the State of Illinois enacted
th sanltarj district act, together with an
act for the Improvement or the Illinois and
Pisplalnes rivers, under which the corpora,
lion kiown as the Sanitary District of Chi
cago was organized and Is now existing
and operating, and that by tho express
terms of the act anj- canal or drain cor
pnrtlon org inbred In accordance with its
provisions may have conditions, restrictions
or additional requirements placed en tlm i
corporation, or the act authorizing tho ere.
atlon of the corporation may be amendeel
or repealed, and that, by the express pro
visions of the act, before any water or
sewnrre shall be admittcl into nv i,,..,..i
and the tiivernor or Illinois shall appoint
three Commissioners to examine the canil
or channel and report to the Governor If
the same complies with the act of the Stato
of IUInoU. and if it does, tho Govraw
Given of the Array of
- Missouri St. Louis's
shall authorize the water and sfwag,. to
be turned into the channel, mil that with
out the permit it cann' t be so turned In;
and tint bv the g.ncral provisions of the
act the channel 1. at all times xubjeet to
the ce ntrol and supervision of the State of
Illinois and her uuthnritles.
Thn the Chicago Itlvtr Is situated In the
basin of Iike Michigan and has two forks
or branch, s flowing through the city of
Chicago, and Into I.ako Michigan, and tint
the natural drainage of t'hieMgo Is Into
Lake Michigan, and the sewage and drain
age of the territory unbrace it In the de
fendant's el'strlct, the Sanitary District of
Chicago. Is bd Into or Ileum into the Chi
cago Hirer and Lake .Michigan.
That the S.tnltnrj- District of Chicago,
with the authority of the State or Illinois
and acting as a governmental .ige-mj of
the State, and under the "iitiervlsinn nnd
control and subject to the approval of the
I State of Illinois, has constructed a channel
or open drain from the west fork of the
outh branch of the Chicago Klver, In the
citj' of Chicago, to a point mar Jyjckport.
where th channel or drain eoiiii.sMs with
nnd empties Into the Den Plalnes Klver,
which emp'ies Into tho Illinois Klver and
which latter river flows and empties Into
the Mississippi Klver. eiisiunt about forty
three miles above the city of St. Iuls.
That the channel built bj- the Saultarv
District of Chicago was so built bj one of
tho governmental agencies of the State of
Illinois and bj" the pretended lawful au
thority of the Stato and under the direc
tion, .supervision and control and govern
mental power of the State of Illinois, anl
which the State has heretofore at all times
sanction, d, and now, through its Governor
and other olllcers, sanctions.
That in the construction of th channel,
or drain, the defendants cut through tho
natural ridge, or wiiter-hed, which divides
the basin of Iake Michlgnn from the basins
of the Des Plalnes and Ill'nois Kliers, and
the basin of the Mississippi Kiier, ai.d that
having so i instructed the: channel and hav
ing about complete el the tame, and having.
unuer me supervision of and with the sanc
tion of the State of Illinois, extended the
artiliciil thann. 1 through the natural di
vide of the watershed, the defemlants now
propose and threaten to turn into the chan
nel the sewage matter and tilth of the San
itary District of Chicago, which embrac.-s
neiriy the whole city of Chicago and .1 ror
tioti of the Countj of Cook. and. without
any legal authority so to do. has already in
part c-Ifeetuated its threat and purpose and
threatens to permit and to eviue said vw
neu and tilth, by ortlticla) means of pump
ing and otherwise, to How throuirh thn
channel or drain towards and Into the Des
Plalnes Klver and eventually Into the Mis
sissippi Kinr. thereby, with the approval
and subject to the Inspection and control
anu siperilcion of the State of Illinois and
by the pr.tended authority theresif. revers
ing the natural How of the Chicago Klver.
rifteen Hundred Tunx of riltli.
That the sewage matter and poisonous
filth which it is thus threaten..! to receive
and to permit and to cause to How through
s.ald artificial channel Into the Des Plaints
Klver Is that which Is created bv a popu
lation of upwards of one nnd one-half mil
lions of people, bellies that whlrh Is cre
nted by a great number of stock j arils,
slaughtering establishments, rendering es
tablishments, elletilleries and othi r business
interprlses anil industries lining both sides
if the Chicago Klver. produc'i g illth and
noxious matters, all cf which are thero dls-e-harged
into the Chicago liiver cr drained
therein from the surface
That for man ytars past the -tj r Chi
cago, the greater jMirtlon of which is m-brare-d
In the limits of the defe-ndant cc--poration,
the sanltarj- district of Chlc.iRO
has been discharging Its se wage matter and
Conflnnetl tin Pnge Tnii,
l'or Missouri Coir Tb n rseln y. Tilth
foliler In e-iiMterii iieirtiein; fair I'rl
av t i Ilivti-Klrrlr vvIhiIm.
I'eir Illinois Pnlr Thurs.lnv, pre
ceded ley ruin In n.irtlierii iinrtlont
Tlinrxilny nflcriiiiem nml night in
xoutbern peirlloni fair 1'rlduj mirth
lei iiortlivvest Tilnds.
For Arkansas fair Tlinrmlny nnd
l'rlilay; north vnrntrrly nlmls.
1. Sewage on the Way
Kiiller Crosses tho Tugela.
I. Krltlsli General Hurled on t.h Pi, Id of
3. One Day With Congress.
Montana Ilrlbery Investigation.
Two KeportK in Koberts Case.
President Asked for Information
Champ Clark Assails Gage's Policy.
Prisoners Murder a D"putj- Sheriff.
4 Woman's Christian Assocletion Meets.
II. & O. Men In Control.
Sweethearts Keunlted by a Mule Race.
A Mjstcrj- In KIrkwnod.
5 Hold Scheme in "Retrenchment" Bills.
Organized Work for Filtration.
Rooming Stone for President.
Hrj-an at Cincinnati.
Pat Hidden Shot.
C Sporting News.
Race Track Results.
7. Otis Decider the Friars Question.
THImnn Hint., at a Secret Alliance.
Reports of United Mine Workers.
Married Ills Brother's Divorced Wife.
County Merchant in St. I5u!s Jail,
implement Dealers Adjourn.
Social Events and Notes
Women Oppose Women Suffrage.
Mo-ms for the Dead Must Paj Tax.
S I!rj-an Addressed Kentucky Assembly.
Coroner's Jury Rl.amcs Colson.
II Grain and Produce.
13. Financial News.
It. Crippled for LIfo While Stealing.
Visiting -Merchants Arrive.
Convention of Live Stock .Dealers.
Prfco Current Reports,
ki:m:hi. uwi m:.
Kullei s rmj Is irossing the Tuge-
la Itiver nt Potgicters Drift, four-
tern miles west ejf Chlev-el. j. and at
Wagon Drift. sl. mllt.s furtb. r west
Lytlletnn's brigade forde-d tho
river Tuesday at Potgl. te-r'p. taking
up a position one mile Inland, fom
which llrltisb artillery began to shtll
the line rs' trench, s.
The Koers noltion there Is found
v to bo Htrong
Warren's division crossed at Wag-
on Drift j-esterdaj-. encountering a
Warren took up a position two
The Koers' defenses apparently are
nh.ng a lino of hills several mites
It Is exp.'ted that a great battl.)
v will 1... tounht at these points to-day
s eir to-meirrA'.
s At lean fortj- thousand men will
Central Melhuen made a d-mon-
stratlon In force against the Itoers'
e position at MaKtrfi'nteln near tl.o
t Mcdder Klwr
He found the Pavers In great num
ef l's End ri turned to camp
i His artillery nnd seieral I.ing-rango
s vollevs from the Infantry failed to
lie It a Morons f n m t'rnni.
$ Crerje has b. en named "The Liei
of Africa" bv th- l!rits corre-
spondents with Methuen's t-clumn
Great Battle Probably Will
Be Fought in Natal
IIV MILTON V SNYDLK.
SPECIAL P.V Mtl.L
London. Thuisd.aj. Jan. IS (Cnpj right.
!&, bv James Gordon K-nneet I At last
tho nivsterj- ,f Ccneral Ku.Ier's movement
is solved At 2 oMoik this rooming a so
cial tablx to the Daily T-bgrapa from its
war ceirresiond. nt, Mr. Ilentutt Kurlelgh,
with the Lidjsmith IMief Coin, was re
ceived in Lmdon. giving the important news
that Ljltleton and Warren hivv c'o"e.!
the Tugela between Potgle t r's Drift and
Wuicuu Drift aid have seized s'rong posl-
tions, from a mile to two miles to the north
" " rivir naiiii i.enirai warren, it sip-
... . ,- .. ...
penrs. lougui ni-. waj across .icainst a
This is tho news that all Great Krltaln
has been waiting for since la .1 Thursday.
l-at night there was evident e Vs'ctatloii
that news of Importance would come to re
lieve the suspense. A great crowd gathered
at the War Otbce. Tho Duke of Noifolk wis
amorg those who, at half-past 11. awaited
tho issue or the llnal bulletin for the night.
At twentv-flvo minutes to 15 it was an
nounced th it there was no news for pub
lication with which unsatisfactory an
nounc. merit the anxious uattun was foretd
to go to bud.
This Important uewn bears out what I
have previously cabled as to th probable
plan of General Halter's campaign. He Is
lushing ahead on his left, where ho has
str.ngth. It does not follow that he will en
tangle hi c.nalry and light artillery among
the upper foothills of the Drakensberg
range. In which I.o will operate
His eitli. r firc.-s niaj be, and probal Iv
are. far away on the right. In fact, it was
stated Tuesdaj morning that a large col
umn had been sent duvn to Durban and
were going thence Into Zululand for the
purpose cf winking round nn the extreme
eastern Hank and heading for the Utrecht
and Vrjhei.i districts I nbss thev i an em
in on the Transvaal communications thi
will And thetpselies at or mar the Iid
smtth and Newcastle Kallwaj.
Prom the Telegiaph's dispatch. It Is evi
dent that General Ruller has a strong forej
of Ho rs in front of him. As General
Ljttletan's brigade crossed on Tui'sdaj and
Geneial Warren's lolumn jesterday. and
shelling or the Koer position begnn Imme
diately. Ii u quite probable that a gnat
battle will b fought to-daj. or perhaps
ln.s alteadj started, for Gen. ral Puller Is
not the man. after the I. sson learned at
Culenso. to give the Koers any more time
than he is comp. lied to do. by reason of
the ceuiditlon of his own men, to hurrj re
enforceme nts across the count rj to the
threatened positions. We maj. therefore.
near oeiore initio noun ox the result of
this battle. In which not less than lO.KeJ
men will be engaged
General Pullers movement to attack on
tho went maj lend to n inunier auaek bj
the Roers on the east.
That their numbers hive ben -1 rre.wl
there to meet General Kuller's adianco is
trae and It maj be part eir the British plan
for General Clerj's dlvtrlun to make a sec
ond attempt to cross the Tugela at Colensi
slmultancouslj- with liuller's attack on tlio
Hoors Vigorously Shelliii: That
Hemmed In Garrison.
Ixindon. Jan. 17 The following has be. n
re-oelved from MafekinK, under date Jan
Ths enemy began a renewed nnd vigor
ous bombardment Januarj- 1. and deltbernt"
ly firel six nine-pounder shells into the
woman's laager, killing a little girl oni
wounding two children. The Mratevical po
sition Is unchanged"
Colonel Kadrn-Powtll sent a strong pro
test to Commandant Snjman ngalnst"shell
ing the woman's lunger.
Two mules killed bj- a shell were aten
by the KaHlrs.
I'U'linil MIARIAC 3IAI'i:kimj.
Irenz Marquez. Mondaj , Jan. 13 Adi'
ratch by waj of lie Ira, dated Thursday,
January II, announces that Colonel I'lumer
has arrived near Mochudi. about a hundred
miles north of M.afeklng, with a portion of
his forces from Tull.
Objects to the Hoers llavinsj Their
raniilies in Camp.
London, Jan. 17. A special dispatch from
Capn Town, elated to-day. saj-s General
Gatnrro has irotestel to the Koer com
mandant at S:ormberg against allowing
the wives and daughters of the Kocr sol
diers to reside In or near tho camp.
t: vrACKIVii WAIIMM-;
Sterkstroom. Wednesdaj-, Jan. 17 Gen
eral Gatacie has warned the Koer com
mandant that if "the women are not re
moved, they must lake their chance of belli"
shot In the event of an attack. "
All is iuiet here.
SECOND AUSTRALIAN CORPS.
United States t'onsul Bids Troops
Sydney. N S. W.. Jan. 17.-The dirartur
or the seconl Australian contingent f.i
South Arrica to-day. took place amid in
prec.slented scenes. The streets were dec
crated and thionged with crouds of demon
strators. Outside or the United States Con
sulate was a streamer, bearing the words
"America wishes Australia's vf,..,".?0-.?-
jjjeed... """"" .""-)
One Erigade Fords at Potgieter's
and Warren's Division Six
LATTER ENCOUNTERS HEAVY FIGHTING.
Boers Surprised, but in
I'.V iiKXXKTT I.n.I.KKUi.
SI'KCIAI. IiV CAULK.
Sc;iiiii:tii's. I-'jii ill, X.ilal.
A fIiH'xilii. .Jan. 17. !iiu p. :n.
M'oiyrihl. 1!)IH. by .laint-s, (.tjidtm
15i"iHfli.i--I :iin it'iiiiifli(l i wile
that (ifin-nil Lvttlftun sH-iiJhv
iTiit'sdav i :itii'riioii t'fiiieil ami
foiiliMl J'ol:ii-!i."s I)iifi,:iiii so:?iiI
with litih- ttppfisit itni a lint- of low
litii-s ;i mili iln.ri ftom.
I Jm-iiijr thf nifilit tin- howiizt-r
balti-ry was ranie-ii jicioss,-. jmil to
lav, fioni .Mount Alice, m-:ir
Swartzkoji. the- naval iiii-. and the
iiwii.r s),(.u,.,j (.tVcttivi-h' the
I.mr poM'iion, whivh is a s.troii'r
Viieial Jir ("liarlfj Waire-n ;Nu
to Ia cro.sspii tlicTiiffi-I;!, .six niiies
fiirtluT in th" ws(. near Wajjnn
Hiift, with a fonv of a!i aims, in
t lit- fat f a hot ami lnv lire
fnnii ihf i.ot-r cannon and rille-s.
lit lia.s olTct ted a niot satisfac
tory lotljfnii-iii two miles inland,
I-ontltiii. TinifMlav. .Ian.
I.--... .,.,.. . ..
' n Ojivrijnr, Itllill, IIV .lames (iortlon
l.eilliett.l The t oriesiiomlent of
the Daily .Mail, talilin-r fioni Spear
man's Faj in, atal. January l.
mi v s ;
After four d.iy' rest on
soiilh Mile of the Tnirela. our
vance norilnvard l.eisin veMeiday
iTiicm1.iv. i. LutliM oil's Kriiiaih
crossed the Drilt in the evenini:
ailtl took the koi.jes 0,1 otir riht.
airen'.s HivNiou to d.iv made
an attack on the eneniv's ll.mk.
Crossing the liver on January 11.
General Hiintlonald. with a mount
ed hri-rade. seized the Siiiii;fi(M
Kiidtie. and by a quick march oo
cujiied a s-troii"; tiositinn on th" hill
coniuiandiiifr To tjric-tor's Drift, lie
clearetl the way for the advance of
P.nllcr and Warren.
The I'.oeis weie can
and impii-paied tor the liiitish ad
vam-e. Some of them were baih
inj; in the liver when the ISriti.-h
The ferrv boat a
Drift was on the noitli bank of th-
river. Lieutenant t'arlyle and
some of the men of the Steith Afri
tail Lljjht Iloie SW'aill across the,
Tllfrel:, .,,,,1 l,,.,,,,.,!, II,.. I,.,. 1..,. !, !
Goaoral Lvttleton'.s r.iijrade was
men sent acioss IO liolii Ille pOM-
tioil establUhed bv Dundemalil oil -
.1 hill Commail(lin,r the rrift, after j
v.hich the forwanl movement wa!
;un in earnest.
SPFCIAL RY CAULK.
I'ieteiiiiaritzbuijj, Natal. .Ian. IT.
(Copyright. 1901), by .lames Gor
don l.ennetl.) News has been re
ceived here that General I.uller is
making satisfactory progies. No
paiticulaih air permitted to be
Later, p. m. Arrivals from
Kstttiiirt to-night report that them
was heavy lighting on the Tiurela
Hiver today, the result of which
Very probably the lighting referred to
above occurred n-ar Colcnso where, it Is
Inferred. General Clery is keeping the liters
occuplisl In order to e-ovcr tho movement
of Kuller's main force to tho westward at
ItOiats- POSITION' IM.VMI.
London. Jan. 16. The Timcj publishes the
following dispatch from Spearman's Parm,
daiesl Januarj 17. aJD p. m
"The force marched westward on January
10 Lord Dundonald, by a clashing ninve
nient, occupied the hills nboie Potgieter's
Drift, fifteen miles west of Ce.len.so, taking
the Koers completely by surprise.
The ramp evening the Infantry followed.
General Littleton's brigade crossed the
river jesterday. and to-daj- shell. d the Koer
trenches bejond with howitzers-.
Ge neral Warren's force Is now crowing
Trlchardte Drift, live miles aliove. He Is
not opposed, although the Kors. are hold
ing a position five miles from the river."
Ill l.l.lllf.S PL V.
From the time that the oillelal dispatch
was published last Friday, announcing that
Hulls r had that elay camped at Potgieter's
Drift, cm the Tugela River, the censorship
has been so strlctlj maintained that noth
ing but mere conjecture has been pojible
concerning the course of events.
That .Mr Kurleigh. the !-oriepnadcnt of
The Republic. New Yorlr ll.e.,11 .,..! I ....
dun Telegraph, has be..'ii enabled to n-t 1
through a dispatch Is hardly surpriHlng, as
more than once this ' itr.oiis war corre
spondent has compelled the Rritish nuthor
ltl. bj obtaining a nonepedy over thy tel
egraph while the military authorities were
engaged In more serious work, to jlcld to
When General White, during the desper
ate assault of tho Koers on Caesar's Camp.
last Saturday week, January). 5, iello-
Good Position Mcthucn
jllodder River, but
c. ired that h was "huril ret;sed." Gc
ial I.ulf. r sen: forwani CIerj.s dm ion to
the Tut;, la Klver front at Cofenso II. d s-p.M-h
said he had s-at forward "ev r
-va'l!ie mim." from wtap-h the eif. rr-i j
v...-, ..ravin tint his roln force vvase gvg :
Newh-i- Clrrv r-pertetl tlwt t- rj. 1
th.- tr.nehes full of Koers la the f '"!!! .1
I -'tiir ele.ul Iv s!rentihen.d sm, e n, ; r s
ei'-astrous r.piile He ei'd i et ., ni t
rthlng further thaa a re. (nni-sine .s
"M. i . proltallj l-liig t. ii.nt.nt bf-as if
v ith t fi int in order tej ocenpy ne att n
tion of the Koers at that jiednt.
ie.r,vhle. Builtr nppesrs to have n-a
Ii.s icsi- to the. we-siward. tuking the H .
r river mute, while .;. n. ral Warren, mak
ing a loag flanking movement, b-aiusht up
a div or livo ago iv miles v.st tlf Kuber's
Imsltion at Ptitgie.er'.s Drift. The u a
bined fortes of Huller sa.i Wa'ren number
In all probability . men
Krltish cavalrj- se. nts had. It was sta'el.
s me ela previous). u!ri,. JICross pe-;. s
of Ke.eis at Polgieter's Drift, ard it was
aseert.ilnesl that General Joubert was mak-
ag a fortitled KsitImi in th" neighborhood
W"h. n Kalltr had gained the Drift, his Hrst
new step was to in'orm himself as to th.
!tail:y and strength of this position It
va'. he said, ntxjut four nnd a half m.Ir?
In front of the river and of a strong Chirac'.-.
Five elijs have pas.. n deliberate
P'eparatkin feir contlmui.g the march to
1'. wdr.p. Not e.nlv has tte transport of
th' c olunin t Ik- steadily bruht up. but
tn. relief sullies fur lidjsmith mut Ut
fl't-c In the rear.
General Warr. n's co'amn. It Is rcw clear
from the last dispatch receiiei. Is acting
in co-nperatioa with Kaller-s advance guard
bv moving his division ha a parallel I ne en
While KulleiV, j.lan of ope-atien has teen
maturing. General Joubert. It may If pre
surreel. has been hurrvlng 1:1. comma idoes
fr. m th center of his defensive line e,f tl e
Tugeli to the extreme west. Son e th.-rk
mJj have len on use. I bv the kn. w cage
tint Hie Kriti"h command, r might .tt any
moment make a ser.ous mo.-e from t It.su,
r further 'o the east.
noi::is too sritovn.
McKldtr River. Cape Colony. Jar 17
Thei.i was a demonstration In fe-re y -r
Onersl Methuen jesterday. a tiivisionbeir.g
engaged with the object of ascertaining
the strength and disposition of the nwr
f-ir. e. and also in order to trj' to draw thn'
freim IIilMkrle. .. e..-.-.. in ... .w
'" i en active ' '
f J t relenflr 'from V
i "ction of Jacobsdai.
At the nrtilleryopon.il fire the shel's
( 0-. pping in the Rotr Ititrenehments with
, great precision. The attack was di'ectcd
i .isjins; tne liewr left.
j The tiring continued until sunset, mostly
with artillery, -although the Guards on the
I r ght fired some long-range vellejs.
The Koers rservel their fire until the
IKritish were returning Io camp in th
darkness, when six shells followt.l them.
There imb no casualties amorg the Erit-
. HOIIKItlSs Mlfi
I London. Jan. 17 -The War Office has re
lit It:tf IMII'T ' "i'v'1 'he- f-.Ilov.Irg dispatch from Lord
'I II.II.I. i! II..I -., T-.... .. . ..
, ----..... u..,u nyr: .um,, JdllUarj Jl)
"tn the I5:h the IJiers made a detcrmlp-sl
attack on Fr. nib's advance-d iist held by
tbe New Zealand Mounted Rifles and a de
tachment or the First Yorkshires. Th
Koeri Pete repulsed, having twenty killed.
Thlr vrounde.l are estimated at not less
than iiftj. The attack was preceded bj- a.
lemg-ranpe fire frm one gun.
Otherwise the siiution is unchanged"
The War OHIca this artrpoon posted th:i
"The fcllowlng telegram Is the only rewa
'l1?h?.'- .',r,, rec'lr.d In regard te Gen-
i era! Kllllrr's one-TilInn nne en.tnnnAi
The t. loj-nni then p'o-ceels to report tha
death of a private from dysentery, at
Springfi. id Hrldge camp. Jamuerv is'
,h" 'loun,",n- "f another private" In a
fli1tv.!s.sn v. j.
toward the Tugla
. ,,ii'' iiio: ihikiis.
'"""" jus i- ine iiurnan rorrespc-.d.
ni ..f the Standard, telegrapblrg Tuesday,
The Government has canceled the orders
calling out the rifle associations for active
"It Is rrjKirt.M that Fmallpov: has broken
ut in the Ko r camp in Natal."
BRITISH WARSHIPS" ON GUARD.
rested Near the .Mississippi's
-Mouth to 1'rotect Transports.
New Orleans, La., Jan. 17. It Is stated
hc that there are Rrltl-ih warshipa within
easy rt-ach or tho Mississippi, assigned to
the duty of escorting- the mule. iniuuH.
when they .shall bnvo been loaded with ani
mals from New Orleans for South Africa.
The presence of the warships in the Guir
waters Is said to have been brought about
bv advices received at the (iriti'Ii War Of
fice In I-ondun. to the effect that two oM
hulks had been fitted out by Ameri-au
sympathizers with the Koers, with tfco
avowed Intention of capturing and sinking
tho mule transports as soon as thej- lrfc
the mouth of tho river on their vojagi
across the Atlantic These advices, it n
said, were cabled from I.ondon to. Captain
Marsham. in charge of the buying of ran!
in this country for tho Kritish armj Cap
tain Marslmm to-day admitted that thetej
w re Krltish warships within easy can 0f
tho river'.s mouth, and while not absolutely
denying the fact that ho had received in
formation of the alleged Beer expedition in
tho re-as. he offered n strong argumsnt
against tho possibility of tho expedition be
ing in evistence.
Opened an Aitillery Duel Their
I'ire Silenced byliritish.
Rendsburg. Capo Colony. Tuesday. J.an.
15. The Koers opened an artillery duel thl3
morning, using a captured Kritish flfteen
pounder. which tho Krltish gunners ulti
mately silenced The: Kritish kept up a
starching firo all elaj- along th Boer kopjei
and al3o dragged up another gun to the
summit of Coleskopf.
FiuiM'ir.s m cci:s.
Ixindon. Jan. 17. General French's suc
cess, though consoling to the Rritish. is
recognized as licing cnlj- a side isue. Tho
country Is guileful to learn that the Kritish
losses In the engagement. In which the,
15. crs lost hcvfr.tj-r.ne. were only six men
killed and flvo wounded. The news that two
transi-orts with tncps have been ordered
from Cape Town to Port Lllzabeth indi
cates that substantial re-enforccjawu aro
on thslr, .way, to jaeajral &tcJw