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l PART I,
7ftc Spvclil '.laHCdUiun It
I'rialtdla Thrtc i'jrt.
Titc iiuiijjy .i;.-jfai'3c j
Printed in C.rr t'irt.
NIXKT Y SH( '( ). ) YKAB.
VlXiCK FIVH (UCXTS.
ON "OUR COLONIES,
a i o o
IS ." s."
! mijW Cirri T AITin
H Il i i If
a copyright, i:. j:y puhli-hi:r s. ci:irgi; kih & iomi-wy
ST. LOUIS, MO.. XVXDAY. VE1MWAUY IS.
r tt: r 2, --. : S Kti i?B Sr S3 frfl
g p A'4 pw h' M 1 rig B
. jr ..' tf i .'.. To- f Q a ted &?- faJ a
Says the Constitution Dors Not A
j.ly 1o ThemKnelt -May Ho
PLENARY POWER OF CONGRESS.
-n Interview in Whit'li the i'hU-l
1 v ciitivo Is Said to Have
(iiveii His Yieii-
" w York. Fete. 17,-Tho World to-mor-I
.-. v i!l publish a nummary f a Ion.:
," Hi i:i nt made by President McKJnley to
II-i.ry Loom's Nelson as to the Annrii-.in
' toward tho ix-wiy acquired islan Is.
T'. article Is vouched for ns an amh-r-1:
nil' interpretation of the President's
i- w. Ai-coiding to Mr. Nel----n. "it L- Mr.
:! KJr,l.- belief, ana it will be his pur
! . to carry tho belier tit. p-r .'i-in. that.
the Constitution d-w-s n.-t anlv to any of
our new Islands; that those p opb? arc not
lit fr self-government, beyond that pr--pist-d
fur Hawaii: Oat hit mw po-s-l.ins
must not l.- rwrmitt.l :- injur, any of our
j-rotrt tt il irfcr --: - .-. : ! th t fro trade with
l"tKTt R!et I- ri"!:t 1" .it:!- ir protected
Interests trill r,"t I- 1i.iurd thereby.
The ITes! ! m 1 luvis-an.I this i" 'he
I ly he ma ,-tf-i-t
T tiT l.-w :'
II- win', i"
1 . .-II m
1 i !..! "-"la
- -! (, n-.i ;.t that ran V
(mi I i'.- 1. pristnt beliefs
s 1 1-1. :.. try power or
. l:'. .:. I tho Philippine'.
' .- ''' l:!.-- may I'lii one
n rt. Rico, annth-r for
.. .- - .- t'- Philippines-, an I
' .- ::.! at frira that of the
- Hkrlr to his mind thu
i, -il. r ari4 9 to th fivi!
i . ' . ' tl ' jf thf- plar.
' Vol. - Attitude, then, toward
y , :., - '. PTblcnt. He dcwln-n t.
. ht ' 'dlirAte thm. and h-
i ' it in id. thy lll become
v '" .Hi:-r IntrusK-il with local s.-lf-
i ' nt. Hi i i not think any f
".vi-s aro worthy nw. oxpt the
" m-iil itjxin whom It Is intends! to
ri,- -affr;sre a few more than pos
: -unTrage under the Dote govem-
Yl Suit Slay 111- lliint-.
-Kinloy h' Ids that the Constltu-
' .ipiilk-s to a territory when it i
i'.irr hy & treaty or by l"isiatiun.
, ioint ther ar authorities In hi
' u h" goes bt-yond tli- authorities
i ' ' - that Ci.nf;ret is n t bt'und by
' ''.ions of the t'oustitution when it
- in the tai; of legislating L e. it
: .se to th! nalivis. and to th
i itizena nho may go to our col-
:' right of jury trial, the Hsht of
i eh. tli rutlu to bear arms, the
i ' i.-aceable asmblage and of ntli-
:i .edom from unnarrantaUe arrtt.
t . .n from search all those ilghin uljch
t : -titutton guards Jealously.
i ' i i ue main purpose of the President
is -i.a! vitli the Istaads at markets for
. ... ...... . tfifcMsr. and as Ilk iUUjeca o
ci a n..-rcial tssploltallon aeiifnilly.
TV- I'ri'ident Is a. thoroUKh believer In
t '- i:.'r..l and Inteliretual value of cum
!.! r. .-. and ne prooetils on the theory that
'' ' li.uion I doing weil as a buyer and
f ': r ,t !- prestimptU-eiy uili-goverued and
it r";'li' are itnrmallr sound.
il.- l....ks forward to l-n. fltinp the ra
ti.. -. hv opainiini; th bli-'ings of ITut"
t.iM i. ritual!)- ami civilization by means
i : 'tuni' re1.
' li U important to digress a moment."
- iv .Mr. Nelson. 'f'ir the purpose of "jyinjr
: ;!i. I'resident I Lrgely under the Iti
!: ne ..r rirtnln clvrgjmeo. one of nhom
. i.v.,!.. that he Is the chosen cham
M' n .f FrotesranUsm in Its Imaginary war
v. .Mi it .mtilm. and this arcounts in a
1 ! ip. as .- fr bU convletlon that In
-..f''liM iristi.iiiity and elviiizatlon
. ! in. in !,. 'hen he is. caiiiine and fceep-
af ' I ot Sod Americans. Mr.
' K " ' i . ' -il Methodist, and l natur.
i :.:.! ,1. i moved by the enthusiasm
' ti!t i in; i;.ut deaoaunation.
J- ,1,.. s i MlK. on the Ire1dent's
t: t .. ;) ii 4 free tiude Is c.tabU.shl be
t . n tl . i .uairy and Puerto Iti-.o. there
' ! i' I- r.ould not be a protective tariff
- .if. t th.- proiuot., of the TbiUpjilnes and
' '.l.x i..r fuba Is ttilked about, naturally.
i . .' . .ii..tr.itlon eirelis and in Congress as
i i.ii'ti to this ounlry va a matter
Vi lf!i Door In tin. IJjiNl.
'!.- luits'is M-tth-d ilcflnliely in respect
H 1 I. lie'iinvs tile open-dour U nut to
.li'lli. d t them. The Itepublienn rty
I l "l ropi.ut t" ltie to the Atillf n-.rl.l
xi i :
i.pi.ttuiTHv t.i I. ml Its goods in h-
,:" " s 'ree dutv. to enjoy whateier
t. . . !i..l t.intr theie na) be entubli.shed Ir?
tv. ii t'. I'hillppines and thi. evuntr).
. tie ii'iti'teii it.tirei.ts are not to be iu-
! . I... il.e annexation of any territorv
Mi Al-Klnley did n..t favor fr.-e trade viah
!'' rt. liro until he as Ha Us 11. I itm n.
1. 1 1 in would coma to fct.y American inter-
il.- siys that he In proud. If It be proper
f"r liim to feel pride In any act of his own.
tl hi- ii"..mmcndatIon that the luerto Iti-
it.- na.- free access to our mariiets. Ho
i- "lie tUat if It were not for that reeom-tii-t'dati'in
In his annual messase Coiiw .s
woiil.l hive applied Tull Iiiugiey rates to
J'u.'to i:..-o. and the miserv which uou..i
I. .ie le-uit.Hl from that anion v.ouI-1 iiato
Li-- ii appalling.
"The moiiiiud IUI1. tlien. now pending lv
f..n the two bouses of I'ongress. reducltig
the rates oa imports and exports between
I'j.ii. ltico aim the tnited States to Si
per cent of the IMngiey bill is. the 1'rei.i
J nt thinks, the re,uit ..f his message urg
i k free tiatle. and he still thinks that He
iril'Inaii i.iiKre.-i.meii will y.-t eome to lit.
tii-H, .lltlmiigh he will probably do nothiiu?
..ore to iniprevs that view on them.
lie says lh.it they are now at the point
ih. it lie began, nnd they will it-ason tliem-
lie.s intu a lieBef In the sound ixillcy of
f.ee tiale. just as he has done. for. le
s.S the tobacco men of the Connecticut
"Vall.-w- i!l lie benefited by free trade
v in i .Him uii.i. and the sugar men are
in nij l'.'iiinj; .inaltist the .-stablishment
. a pr-.-dent. 'li.-.iiJins wliat might hap
In. it the ft li.i.le .llcy should tie ap
1 i.-d to the 1'hilippineK and iuba."
l'nsl rnh of. tho Vfoiiinm-y I.raxr-.
fur South Africa.
London. Kcl.. IT. Tho liist unit of the
Ms.-ci.il orps of yeomanry, called the Duke
if I'aml.riile's Own. left London this
morning to embark at Southampton for
hotilh Africa. The force is composed en
tinly of men of good social position. t.ord
AbiiiRer v.-cars a Corporal's atripes. while
Jvird Ailsbury's son is a trooper. Iiich
man had to pay 12.) for tho privilege of
Joining, the money jroing to purchase their
oitlils. whllo their pjy- is donated to the
fmi'I for the relief of the widows and chil
dren of tho killed soldiers. Immense
crowds gt.cte.1 the 'Centlcmen lUnkcts,"
as they were termed, on their u.iy to the
Ftattou. and the train started amidst re
markable scenes of eiithusliism. Tho Dukn
vi lainurniKe aim otner titled personages j
went to Southampton to bid the jcomanry 1
- P ' ftrfCU,iTf:Lo ?J ALL AMLRICMJ- 3 1 C'
Xylui 'ill ' "t I y L t-oMoon oa M , lu.'10
f ! i -J .U- ) .j'jrfw
.'-.,' ;S J - i HViS-r, ') i,.--.-V . 'i, '... jE II
: : !' '
rn.K s.M: -THKKM-rs a r.rx;o (!ami:i:i:ixj I'L.wkiminmkso.mkwukijk wwx iMV.r
II IS AN ALLIANGE
WiTH THE BRITISH,
liny -limn-fil' Tit:iv I Sh
jjjirui'tl liv tin St;it Dr
HAY THINKS IT NECESSARY.
ContcuiLs Tluit Witlionl EiiI;un!
Wo 'nunot ilnkr Ktirojie I.eo
ojniz tho ilonror Doc-
lrim Can't I'jis'.
Wtw tBtrtcc. Fh IT-it Ilcy-yiu-.-fat-
treaty to regiwile-l t? tW 3Ute I-I-artmen:
as nothing more nor leas thnn
an offensive and defensive alliance with
Great Itritaln for tbe protection of the
Western Hemisphere. That fact developed
to-l.iy. It is affirmed authoritatively and
chlefiv f..r tl.e reasun that it is dead.
Itepublican Senate leaders want the Hay-Pauncef-.te
treaty withdrawn. Tliey find
that it cannot so through in Its present
form am- believe that If It remains before
the Senate it -ill constitute a campaign -su-j
avalnst th President. Senator LAidge.
who is In the administration's cnmulenco
and a conspicuous member of the Senate
Committee on Forebxn Relations, had u.
ctnference with Secretary Hay toilay. It
eonpiitned an hour and a Iwlf. At It." con
clusion both Secretary nnd Senator looked
It Is un-1rtod that Senator Lodg-e. who
lias devoted the last three liiys to maKlin;
a poll of the SJenate. bre'ight to the See-retnr-
th- Information that the treaty
cannot be ratified. It Is understood further
that the Senator asked Secretary Hay If tlio
trea'y could h amendcil. tliat to do so
wou'd be Jmllclous. ami that if Uiat Is Im
possible it would 1.3 wise :o withdraw tlie
It may t stated that during; tho recent
negotiations between Sfcretary Hay and
Ivord Iiiuncefntv the formal abrogation of
tile layton-BuIwer treaty was not susyeat
ed bv (Sei-relary IIa. Tbe Secretary held
the view and still holds it. that tbe Clayt'.n
liuluer treaty is the safeguard of the 3lon
oe luctrine and the it'iar.intee of the In
trtiril.v of tlie Central and South Ainetlean
Ila-i's Vli-n of II.
The Secretary dilf. r.s vitally from b..s
predecessors, who cont-nNsl thu tnited
States unaided could maintain the Munroo
tioctrino In the respect of all Hurois-nn nn
tibna. Not so tlw present Secretary. Ho
lielicves that the association of Great Bri
tain with tho I'nlted Stales Is a mutter of
the tir.t importance, and that unless no
liave Great Itritaln formally coimnitteii In
a convention to aiding us, should Cunipean
ngirresslon ever be threatened, the United
States nouid be forced to go to uar in pro
tection of the Western ileniisphero from
Kuroenn d- mlnation.
In brief. Sei-retary Hay believes that an
Anglo-American alliance is eemial to tho
comfort :.nd well-lieiug of not only the
United States, but Central and Suuth
I'rior to the lugotlatluns of tho Hay
l'auncefole treaty, there was. In the opin
ion of the best international exjierts, no
c.mpact of any kind with Ureat llritain
which could be construed as an alliance, of.
fenslve and defensive.
Seiretary Hay believed that the ubfeiic.-.
of such a pact const Uute. a crlous omis
sion, calculated to work In the futur-j ir
rtparabie damage to the liiittj States jnd
her wards In Central and South America.
He sought to remedy this "deplorable condi
tion" of affairs, and r.ot only did not faui?
gest tha abrogation of the Clayton-Uulwer
treaty, but proposed the iK-nding treaty lie
cause he lielleveil that by vitalizing the
Clayton-Uulwer treaty in a new treaty tlie
allimce li much dtsireil would be se
cured. Itosebery's Ailnil.sIoii.
Iird Kosebcry admitted the other day
that overtures were made to this Govern
ment by the lirltlsh Govirntnent in De
cember for an alliance. 1-ord Hosebery wdM
correct In everything save hi.s susgestiott
that tha pr-.i osltinti wjs not favorably en
tertained by this Government.
Tho Hay-Pkuncefote tieaty Is the only
form In which the compact can be placed
In view of the American prejudice against
an ntangllng foreign alliance. Tin; H-iy-I'aiim
efote treat j I- tlie eon, rete form of
I the ullianee bin e,l at b Ioril Hn.vbprv.
ar.j jip a. s in ircst itisMlous fonn. ivii, ..
it noes rut
ures of tho
n-ai.-m. tl sustains, the fp u
C vion-Bulwcr trcatv. w-l.ich
erc and aro the foundation of an offen
I'nr Missouri I'nir. nilli risiitu; cm
perutiirc -iniil anil tionitii: turi
z.li?i in! ..
l"r Illinois Fair. illi rl.lin; lein
lieriitiire Sunday unit Monday : nrl
1. Uoberts's Campaign In Full Dlast.
Iresident's Plan for New Islands.
Ambassador Croate May Be Recalled.
It Is an Alliance With the British.
:. Kxpert on Itoherts's Campaign.
S Senator Clark Wanted to End Uly Irule,
i. IU-SDonsibllity for tbe Trusts.
C. WotM's Fair Work.
C. Two Killed During a Riot at El lam.
"oldert Monrins; This Year.
7. r'Uun Cai. 4 Edsjat- County,
9!e flt Oft iJhny.
To Marry Secretly.
S. Itookmakers Not I'nder tha Ban.
War Kr.e.'tement Subsidlmj; la Britain.
Iiondon Papor's New Enterprise.
9. IV Poto H.inoicap K.isy tuT Andes.
Washlmrton Heat Smith.
Itaiv Track Results.
Id. Oov-ernmont Control of Nicaragua Canal.
I'e Hoilays Not Frightened.
To Huild Cinder Walks,
Summer ScIu.jI Organized.
11. I'rtck Not Alone in Cirnegte Ftitht.
Thousand Cubans Teachera Cotntntc.
12. H slop's Novel Insanity Thry.
Not Too Si. k to Hairy.
bankruptcy Act Attacked.
Ainvriea Assailed by French Itess,
12. Peaco Assured for Kentucky.
Silent Salisbury and Ills Jlotlres.
Jioilneux in Sing Sing.
U. General Mosia'a Will Is Hreken.
Iteport of th.. Texas Commission. ,
News of the lUilwayg.
Ituliug in Glenn Case.
1. Labor Itut-.iu l'iany a Crusade.
Candldat-s for State iUli-es;
Thlrd-l'arty ilovo in St, louls.
2. Fatnlne'w Itavages In India.
Automoliilefi i p to Date.
3. Punotiul Studies
of Threo Kentucky
ennrnl Stayed by Death.
How Klmberley Withst.HHl the Sleg.
C. Grath !adM Southern League.
University Athletes Hustling.
Roosevelt and Senator Tim .Sullivan.
T. St, l.ouisnni Anxious Aliout Tebu.u'ii
He Hilla:no:ifj Team Defeated St.
I-lrtslde May Not Itace.
Tin.- Stage and Its People.
3. When Troops Were Slain by ThctwwiuH.
A Slim Geutieman nnd His Joke.
Her Sufferings Terrible.
Death Notic s.
13. I'ratcrnat Order N s.
Pirates Causing Trouble.
1. The Cruiser St. Louis.
World's Fair Resolull, n to lie Oifereil.
Countess CastvUane IMscussas Atucrk'un
2. Doings In Society.
I. Social Notes from St. Louis County.
Need of More ITotectlon Against Fires.
Do the Clothes Make the Mail?
Dr-amed He Saw His Futuru Wife.
7. Populists to Meet Monday.
S. Hush of Buyers to St. Loufc.
Review of Cotton Situation.
S. Financial News.
10. Week's Record in Ilealt.v.
Society of Pedagogy.
Public Library Hoard.
sive and defensive alliance lietwcen Great
Britain and the United States em matters
alfectlnc the Western Hemisphere,
The Republie's cable-, from Fnropo sev
eral months as;o. announcing the efforts to
form a "dreib-ii-d," with Great Britain,
G.rnu.iy ind 1 '. United .Si His as fa -tors,
are pr, n,l t, us
The pi j.' . ' 1 the trra'y by Democrats
nnd some Ke ublb ns, I jsil on tho theory
that the trat w s an alliancj wth Great
Britain, is shown to Le 0:1 solid ground.
MAY HE RECALLED,
ItVb.ikr to !iVitt liiiloiii if Mr. Ma-
AN APOLOGY TO BE DEMANDED.
Stnto Di'parlmeut Now Williuj; io
Admit, tho flravity of tho Of-
frns's Comuiitid (."oa-
Waihirton. re. .Aabas; our Cboata
nay be recalled as a reboka to Great Brit
ain. Tho State Department has abandoned its
onntentkin that tx-Consut Jlacrum was
fullty of Atkebooii shen he declared that
I'nlted States official mail had Le-en opened
by tbe llritUh censor at Durban.
It lias also abrndoned its contention as to
Hr. iia.-ruin's allegeil Incapacity a:.,! lias
come to the conclusion that Hie rli-irireg
made by Mr. line rum. and not hr persun
ality, constituto the question at issue.
Tub offenses Great Britain may liare
She Is known to Iiav.i cotamltted one in
tho openluc of the I'nlted Stales uftii lal
mall, for Mr. Mae-runt bus the envelopes
with Que. n Victoria's Initials upon ihem
to prove thai This constitutes a flagrant
Violation of International usage, and Great
Britain must f,tve an apology.
Tlie second offense Is the liosslble ab
straction of oH'.tUl m.iU from tho eipclied
If Great Britain has been guilty of thi.
and the State Departme.it Is wlllinic to ad-
tmt the fact, an nlij.it aiology will bo
dematideil by the State lK-iriment. which
is now imdor the spur of the politic Prisl
dent. and if tbe apology is iKt conipl- to
and prompt tho American Ambassador. Mr.
t'boate. wilt lio withdrawn from lam-Ion.
Amliasaekirs have bee'ti recalietl fur bss
grievous o:Ce-uiMs th.in the opening of ,.t
llcial malt b) a Iri.mlly Got.rnmeiit
While to i wall Mr. Clioate would cause tne
Statu Deimrtmeiit much anguish. RVpublic
un leuilers have served notice on President
McKInle) thst a pro-Brttlih I'rtme Min
ister in the Cabinet .miiot give i-oint and
color to the frequently tepentt-d stories of
an Anglo-Amerii an alliance in the la,e of
an impending presklentiHl campaign. Tho
Prcsnli'iit alarmed at the storm, agries
with the opinion of liii advisers.
The- State Department, loo. is alarni-il,
and ctblt-d to South Afln.i to-da for ;L ll-t
of the le-lteri teeelve-d by Consul Macrutu
during the periuil when the British censor
was breaking United States seals on Gov
Young Mr. Hay will si nd the number and
description of the cont uts of each of tav
letters on lite at Pretoria, and the ii.f.-i-
nation thus secimd will be compared with
the recotJs. of tic: Sidle- Department.
Copies ot the tcii xr.ims .Mr. .-.lucrum sent
have also bee-n iiskeit lor by the State le
iwttnient from Ua- l'retoiia Consulal.-. and
the-' uiil b compared with the te,i urates
rees'iieJ by the Slate Ocpartment. the p r
jioiie In-big to ascertain if the Bntlsii e.-n-ir
abstratd any of tlie contents of the
entcloies he oi ened. and if h.- edited the
dispatches Mr. Jl.ierum sent ! the State
The Stale D.iiartment'.s reversal on this
mutter has been complete. Two das ago
il declared that Mr. Mae-rum had made no
complaint abo.it the llrltlsh censor tampi r
IrtH with the L'tilteii Stales ot 'rial m..il, .ml
that it did not believe any olil.-lal mail had
been opened bv the British censor.
To-day the "State Department admitted
lhat the charges made by .Mr. Macrum we-ru
umoni; the gravest that could be in.n..
ag.dngt '. Iriendly natn-n. and that due ij.Ii
gence would Lie exi-rcis.-.l in ptepating a
Two days an the Stat.- Department de
clared lhat the mat lii would be lunoted.
and that nevvspap'-r sf-rii . would be ,i:
rtgarileil. In which .le, rion the British
Bmbassy cordially agie.-d.
To-day the Stile I s-imrtmerit eiocl.ir -1
tliat as soon as the '-Hi' ial Investicatl.ni
bore out Mr. Jlacrum's charges, represeut
a'ions would be ma I to the British Gov
ernment, and the most s rious isi!,le
diplomatic constructiun would be placed
upon the- offense.
ANOTHER FUND SOLICITOR.
'Jlix Kit 10 FitzSti'iiht'iis Palmer
Arrives Ft-otit htitrhitid.
New Yoik. Feb. 17.-Miss Ettle Vitz
Stetihrns Palmer, an or:.iniier well known
In Kngljnd. arrlvol on the- steamship l.ahn
last Thursday. She is in this country for
the purpose- of raisin funis for an lrbh
Americau hospital fcr soldiers n South
Africa She hs not acting in any 0rtici.1l
caparlty for any organization, but is acting
on Jie-r own initiative. Miss Palmer is of
the opinion tint Irt-li antagonism to F-..;-
lann is Ij.es-il oil a mi- '-ice-pTi-.n ef f,,-.
1" -r f- t'.r ) ars she v. s t'-.i 1 ere - f an
l'l gltsh tuiUety Jo. - 1 -Mi,! was t 1
ii-jr.ier ami Is the- pre ni 1" tin S
rock Circle, whii h Inn so cs'.j Icuf
1-1 ine g.neral eh ti i.s r lxii ti 1-:
tne cause of union's m.
.roiyc in tvetreat I award Jiloem-
fontein, With British in
HAS I-VAD3-I) THE
French Operating North of Kimberlcy Ijuller's
(inns Reopen at the Tugela Boers Strik
ing at Roberts's Rase of Supplies.
SPF.-IAI. nr CAIU.K.
Loudon. F.b. i; ii.r.yrlsil.t. 1. bv V.
JI. lb ar-t - Get eraia Kitchener and Kelly-Ke-fv
are lighting the tear of General
'rim's fleeing Iiie. aomewiiere botwxtt
Jai-ibsual uinl i;liN-mfontein.
Ciu.rat !.nh la fighting a Boer force
to tne toith of Kimteriey.
i'-rt if the Kimli-rby garrison and the
troous unler Sir Hector MscDonakl are
nghtlng Be.ers between Modder River awl
KItr.Url-y. near Sp)tfonteln.
The firt-e left at RendrJ.urg Is fighliug a
loriii- of Boris who are swarming ikiwn
from the heights about 'ob-sb-unr.
General Gutacre fci ngttllng Boers at Mol-
G-n. ral Ituller Is bnmbardlne; the Bor
Isisiti- n at Vaal Krantz. and Is said to haw
n crose.1 the Tmtela la a fourth attempt to
ieeve Ladv smith.
Such Is the situation to-day in South Af
rica. There Is fighting along the entire line.
Sic h appears to lie Iyrd tbdierts's plan or
ai Ui.n-kei p the BeK.rs busy everywhere-.
Boiler's operations are jnetely a tumor,
and it is scarcely likely that he I- itolmr
mere than holitng them to their v-ork, im
us to pr vent them from diminishing their
army anil re-enforclng that of any other
The operations at Moo-n-i ami around
Arundel se-eni to be part of a Boer plan to
attack I.o.-d Roberts's line of communica
tions on the railway Itn between the Jll-de-r
River an4 Cape Town, or Port Kllza
betli. somewhere near Do Aar Junctlun.
ti.-e main base of scpplle.
Holierli tuk Friinch and so many of his
m-n that it is likely he found the position
there useless and ordered a gradual retire
ment of Pie small force left This. then. It
would appear, is what Is taklmr place now ;
a gradual lettrement in Central Cape
Colony with tho object of falling lwk on
Rrberts'4 line uf communications ao a.s to
jirciterve it safe from atutl;, und a hut
pursuit by the Boers.
That the Boers are making the most of
their opportunity in this part of the field
e.f war la evident from the loss of two com
1 -aides of the vVilUhiiu regiment, t'-e an
iilhllalicn of ii company of Austrahmvi und
the reKrt J capture of a train of supplies.
Cronje ha lieen heard ftom. Apparently
he is in full retreat with W.i'V men toward
Bloerarontein.wlth Ixitd Klii-hener and Gn
OTal Kelly-Kenny hot In imr:ilt, liarats
Inir hid rear as well as a Hying column
They tiave captured what will prove of
Immense importance If the can convej it
to Klmbeile) a large train of supplies and
ammunition. This would ortalnly be wel
come in the long beleaguered city.
What General French and his llyinit
column are doing Is not certain. They
Here heard from last to the north of Klm
berley. Whether ihey are pursuing a iart
of Ctonje's army that lias i'diw off In that
direction or are on their na) to tellevo
Maf- king cannot bv told.
That Cronje left ome men at Miigers-f.uite-Iii
Is ev Ment from the illspateiies. ai.d
thst tbe-y are doing all they van to ke. p
the Biltish busy teems eituilly certain.
Meanwhile KItnberlev is relieved, but
Cronje Is stilt tindefeHtesl.
Ixmdon, Feb. 17. A illspatcli to the War
Oflii from Lird Roberta says that General
Kelly-Kenny's brigade Friday captured sev
en'. -eight wageins of store: and ammuni
tion belonging to General Cronje. Follow
ing Is the text eif I.ord Roberts's dispatch:
"Jai-vb'da!, Feb. 17. 5J) a. m. General
Kelly-Kenny's brigade captured yesterday
seventy-ei.tht vayoris laden with stores. ti j
waiions of MaLser ritle-1-', eigtit ijos 01
shells, ten barrels uf e-plosives and a large
quaiitity of stoles, all le-binnlng to Cronje' s
laager, which v still being slu-lle-il by our
urtlllery when Kitchener dispatched his
Gtneiul Roberts reports tho Uritlsh cas
ualties during tho righting at Jacubsdal as
(mo killed, foul teen wounded and three
Miipi: or mMii:itiH movi:mi-:t.
U.i.il'-n. Feb. 17 pie Chronicle has tho
following di-l-atch fimi Watcrvaal Drift,
dat.d Frl-lJ'. . February !'.. mi'inlng:
"lrd Roberis. with the Sixth and Sev
enth Divisions ami the cavalry division, in
marching to relieve ivlmlierley. rendez-
voiised at Knsltii, and then marcbesl toward '
the Free Slate. '1 lie Sixth DivNIuii er.. 1 i
tbe RIet River at Wate-rva.il Drift aiiii
march. 1! along the right b.ink. The P.u.is I
sliov.nl tight and we had several casualties.
The division tin 11 marehed 0:1 to Jac-bsdal.
The titvulry capiuie-d Brown's Drift on
the- left rtank of the Boers' main position.
"Roth columns are now- marching north
parallel with each other.
'The British t.ii'lut.-d many prisoners,
but the-ir casualties were slight."
The Chre-nlcb- also has the following dls-
patI. from Wegedlu-s. undateil, via .Modder
River, February 1. morning;
"'Ge-nerat Kelly-Kenny, wttli the Sixth Di
vision, lias entered Jac-obmlat. The Mots
made a feeble attempt to hold the- east-ru
ridges, but wire outflanked by the mounted
Infantry, and retired. There were few
"The dlvi-lon then evacuated Jaoobsdal,
marching north In the Hack of French's
cavalry, which crossed the Modder Riv.r
and enaaged the enemy, who retire! with
"Tho Seventh Division ere-sesj the Ri.-t
River east of Kofryfonteln. and drove the
onemy before them.
'General Tucker is now- on Colonel Kellv-Ke-nn'
right, ami probably will affect a
Junction with his forces. The enemy is re
tiring north. Ninth Division, under Gen
eral ColvtHe. in in the rear of the Sixth
Division. Th enemy thus far has nui-ie
no iit-u-rmiiieel stand.
"We have ruptured thousands of itoeks."
ritovn: i:v.ii::ii Tin: m...u.
Li.-i-l :. F I. IS- Sr-n.-er Wilkrson. t!,---rrli;t
ry expert, revlewirf; the situation ii
SraMi Afria fir the Associated Press, at
"Lurd Roberts has begun his campaign
15L0W AIMED AT HIM.
bv striking- at the principal Boer force tn
the Western Heater of war that of Cm
tmtridan: Ciotije. . overir.g the si-i;' of
"In a Mute over three wks Lord Rob
erta had . om;4eled the orar.;ilt!on of his
force. He then quietly massed some :.'"!
men. four infantry, divisions and a cavalry
eilvislor., near the selected ilnt. reachlns
Mtslder River station on lYIday, Fey,ruar
S. Ha :nu.l liave put (he troops in motion
with the least ossible ib-lay. for en Mon
day the action began. It was an attempt
to turn the- Boer is!ti n by a march
around its left or eastern Hank.
"im Monday General I"rench's cavalry
setzed the passages of the RIet Rivr.
southeast f Jacoiisdal and v.ere at once
followed up by the infantry divisions. I'm
Tuesday the cavalry moved north and
setie-d the crossings of the Modder River.
the Infantry following at their beets, on
Thursday when or.- division of Infantry
was on tlie Modder and the other close be
hind it between the two rivers, the cav
alry moved forwaru toward Klmberley, di
1 ersed the besiegers from the southeastern
In-nt and otned connection with the town.
"Tbe same day the- troop from the old
euir.p at Modder River station ojieneil com-munie-ation
with Jacobdal. which had al
ready teen tul.en. Thus. Lord Roberts had
a semicircle around the Boer KsItien of
Ihe Magersfotitein 1mm Klmberley on the
north te Modder Rlv.r station on the south,
and jiosslbly t:. line was prolonged fretm
.Mouder Rlve-r statiiin to the northwest, so
that General French might hope, by pass
ing through Kimberlcy. to complete the en
tire circuit, and to enable Lord Roberts to
onei!op and capture I'ronje's whole force.
"This was the result hopes! for.
was brilliantly conceived and vigorously
rxcculed. but Cronje has been able to evade
When Gneral French reached
Klmberley it was found that Cronje. with
the bulk of his force had moved oft toward
Bloerafontein. apparently by the Boshof
road, or by a shorter route along the north
bank of the Modder. The laarers and store!
abandoned and the convoys captured prove
that Cronje left In bast and one of General
Kclly-KsnnyV brigades .. last ref-istiil as
pursuing; ami engaging the Boer rear guard.
Genetat Kitchener is superintending the
pursuit, which may 1 effective,
"of tho First and Ninth iiivisioi-g no men-
uoii iws uee-n nana in ine leiegrams, ana 1 Tap-nes detaiing tlr various move
the Inf-reneo Is that a part of the design rirtits fe-r the r.l'.ef of Kimberl- -.. pcr.pl
is. us yet. undl-closeil. posiblv their func- ! 1'rp hav n wondering where K-tchcnce
tloli is to complete the circuit on the nest.
Perhaps, too. a force is making to the east
ward, south of the Modder River, to lnter
eept Cronje. though, as the memnteil Boers
cover thirty miles a day, no Infantry can
latch them. A part of the Uwr force may
liavu retreated to the northwest, toward
Bjikly. and will, no doubt, be pursued,
"There can be no doubi that Klmberley Is
lelleved. and that the railway will soon be
ict.peucd. This is a suifcess, but the more
valuable result-the destruction of a part
of tlie Boer army has not lsrn secured.
It cannot be said. In the circumstances.
that this I
attributable to weakness In the
llrltlsh generalship, v.bieli seems to have
"There t-ro dUquletlng features In the
Lews, Tho ciptute by Ueers, said to liave
.o:ne from Cui.nberg. of a large British
convo). may diminish the mobility of the
British force, and is a 1 mof of the judg
ment and energy of the Bo-r leaelers. The
vigorous attack on the British posts at
Renilsburg shows that the B...rs mean to
teply to Lord Rob-rts'3 advance by stilk
tng at his communications.
"Until the lsuo of operations around
Kimberle) is fully known. It is u-ele-s to
sp.culate upon the net move of Lord
Robe-rts. The facts that Klmberley has
b-en re-lleved and that Ciotije has to mike
a hasty retre-at are to the goo.! side of
th a-eouut. but the fact that Cronje lias
not. at any rate up to the date of tho
latest telegrams I have seen, been well
beaten In a tight. Is .1 disappointment. The
million Is widespread that the invasion of
the Free Stub wilt bring the Boer Armv.
crat least tho Free State contingent, out ot
Natal. Uio:i this point I am less san
rulnu than most uf the Unglish observers,
even thice whose julgmeiit most deserv
confidence, l-ut the new.s of Roln-rts's ad
vance wilt cne.our.igo White and his men
to -.rolung their defense "
iiouiisi cii'Tiiii: i.itcAi- iiuorv.
a-retonu, r riuay. 1 e-o. 1,. it appear.-.
fr"" turt,!r "eiorls of yesterday's tlght-
'7 !,t Jueobsdal that r."U Untili troom
';" "f""111' Ilw f,J,'ral l"--'l'l"ii at JlW-r I
River and ente:eO Klmberley. The Federals
lntenepted the tear guaid of the British
and captured great Isiut) , many oxen and
a number of prisoners.
( l.dOi'lM. I!) ilitlTlvi!.
J.icobsdal. Feb. U. Thursday l.urd Rub
trts's troops to-day entered this town,
v. riltli has been In imssession of the British
since yest-rday. The utmost t.rder pre
vails. Military iollee Kitrol the streets,
but not a stick e.f furniture, not even an
apple from the trees. n-i be,.,, taken. A
sentry has been placed 1-efore- each store,
nnd the soldiers are allowed to enter and
purchase what they require. Everything
isso peateful that the Inhabitants e-spre--s
the utmost surprise, as It had lieen diligent
ly reported that the British occupation
meant instant looting.
Judging from the- coi.rers.ilton of the In
habitants, the Fre-e State is vi ry weary of
the war. It is openly said tliat President
Steyn l-etrayed the peeipie. When the lat
ter became satisfied there was no truth lit
the stories of the looting proclivities of the
British, townspeople welcomed the troojt
as frb-nds. Since the l-attle of the .Modder
lllver tin town nss nut ts-en garrisoned,
but has l-eeli merely ustsl as a hospital tle
jsit. When the Boers tired on the British
Wednesday the towns-people protested. Al
though tho British shelling jtsterday con
siderably frlghtene-.l the women, the shells
v.. T- o.ly directed at .1 riiL-e bcjonl the
tonii which was intrcnch.il.
TIt German Hospital remains in beautiful
order. It Is clean ami snltary, ard the
Continued on Pane Trio.
:m:u i. u m:.-.
-i U s.riki: h.tPl . .-i
t! H... t -.
O -ri.i-je in r. ,-crtel In f-,'l r .
, towarJ I.I-em: -utein, wi't K ,-
O Kitn.y h.,r.--.ng on to t..s rur , 1
. I'.ipriuing large quantities of !..s e .;,.
5- French liiitcail ot stttlu? f "!1 la
Kimlsirley ;ua gone e,ut t- tie
O ni.r:"i, .-:.,! is actively cp .a'lrjr
s agair.it the Ec.-.-rs.
Ar.ohir ltrl-'-ih force 13 fl-ih.r-
trouble oust::. the Boer.s l-.t a.
M-irrsfontein. l.o s rrt to la.
O plui ki!y holdlntf our.
i Rob rl5 Is pornutting no Itjili.? a
m th other sldo or the P , Bal-
C ir is again raining shot aj.u eaell
- a--aint tt.- l'..irs" lines a'-.. r he
r Tug. !a. oti-3 report la that s.. has
i "in.ied his art n-k. on Va.il K.. ..:.
t In Capo Ce!'-ny. the L -'- a.o
O r-nkl'ir a :,?--ta's lir t c .m-
ir.iir.lcation- in t.'ie -.i. !! of eie
t A r.
O G.i'.T-re'i i'my In tie vT "-ly f
St-rk'irr-111 '-, - cr-u- 1.
Cronja Said to Be at Bay,
With Kitchener Close
BV MILTON V. SNYDER.
SPECIAL BY CAULK
London. S- idav, F.b 1. iC'pvrii,h lSf-O.
bv the New York Hi raid Cm;- i. .y IJrcstt
in the Orange Kreo State fair') fe-il upon
e-ich othr'.s heels. More U'lte,'. s havn
feme from Roberts, one giving exciting par
ticulars of events following tho r-:.icf of
Kim bet ley.
The mewnh-.K- papers. wMlo exprrssInK'
greit delight over what th.-y term the
turn in the tid for British arms slnco Reli
cts an.I Kitchenr have taken thine-s Tu
hind, had some fear that Comm..r.dtrt
Cronje had something In re-erv-. f.,r they
r- isoiie,i that while mention w '3 m V if
tJie capture of stores, etc . nothfrc- w' , sal I
r-int fv.y jmns. The Inferenc- wis tha
I'ronie hae' taken the alarm ami c .r-- In 1
h.irry ti sorre new position, yher- li
might offer btt.
Jhit .oc!i is n,.j.ir---ntlr not t" - -s-
Cronje and hi fore- have l-e if-.'
"Hie Boer leader, aceu-rdlng to ti t r
ace-ounts. was at b-ir and In 1 nrr ttot
l'ce. jr win we rem-mnereii 1 -ti yes r
o.-iv ixird Koberts r-porle-d C-.ai - l3r -
' ! r eonvo f.aa tleti -..-w.irl 1! "n
i,i"""- e s ii-e Diai? car-ii-n. ws i- irrif
pursued by one of Ke!ly-Ien:y-K 1 n- .1 fl
it would seem that to save ihi-ni-.Iv, s f -
1 Hoers abandone.i !i h.r inn..-1-r.. -
I tnur fiKht. for Iint Kob-r-.s r.
Ketty-Kt.-ny made a great haul. , ipf , !--feventy-elght
wagons, ladeu vl'"i - er,
twe Banna? fill-d with Msc-i-r 11 ' 1' -..t
1-f.xcs full of Fhells, rnd ton Is rr .s "!
f explosive, alt belonging to C- r : s
With regsrel io Croeje tilrosetr. It seer i
j that be va forced tu atop In
ty his oxen becoming exh-iu.-;.-!. Thus
brcught te bay, he formeit a !j.i0-er wifi
fie uncapturcd wagons, and the Brltlsa
pursuers pr imp'ly be t.i sh llie it.
K r slm e lord ISnhe-s Isgin s rutin";
and wJict he vas dolne. Rider's
clears away te mysu rr by his din.irclt.
which sa; th.it "r.inje's laager was be
ine; shelled by the liritUh artiil.-ry. "When
lCltcbener -ent away the messenger."
Fro-ri this If .!! nt tht tre h i-o e.f tho
Sudar. campaign bi ditectlnrr the opera
tions with Kelly-K.ru v.
Rumor of l'riij-'s C:iitnrc
A rntnor wan started on the Sroek Ex
change to-day that Cronje h:. 1 leeti
eapture-1. but. like many othee n,e ru
mors, it was bat a case vti the wish belm?
father to tbe though!.
Araln. at rlxht. tin- stcry H.-.v aV-ut tl.-T
clubs that rn-r.l hid surrender !. Thero
! Was a nurr" n l" "ar OI'" wnet
11 wts lonno ;nai noiniri ie inai enect nail
o-roe there. It was evidently one of Ilios".
n ysterlous ;mpiossI '-private ttlcgrcms."
w hlch have from time to time got into clr
c'ltatkni. buiHtng up the i-c j.le's hopes
Seemingly evi.lly here expects thst
the next news will 1 the defeat and caj
, tvre. if not surrender, of the Loer tteneral.
aim an- waiting anxiou-Iy for it.
Alt the news, however, is not In favor of
the British, V. htie -ne of Keily-Keany's
brigades h:s captured a B-er convn;, tn
Bers. em the otlw r liaad. have captjred a
large BritLth comuy. ali through a mistake.
er rather, liirou-.-h an ori.-r froti i;-jbeits
going astray in some unexplained way.
It was during Thursday's fighting t -j th-.
Belt River Ihu tl.u. happeiiet Nohing is
said about 1kw la.B-' an aiiH.ui.t of stores
and ammunition w is captured, but as the
convoy was .1 la:,- one, the l-'ts woald
seem to bi- uiis'irable.
Roberis h.ui .-till instuietlons te' the con
voy not to pteeeed. but the onie-r ne-ver
rtsacle-,1 ita elt stli.ation. Then re-enforce
ments were dlspttched. but tlie Boers suc
ceeded in capturing the convoy before these
In the e-ntral field of Ihe war. Gineral
Catacre is also at live- and exchanginir
rhois with the enemy. Nothing very Im
portant has t, me to ham! from him jit.
General ituller also seems tietermined to
make another attempt to leach Ladysmlfh.
Late at night n.-.-s was received that lie
v.as again atta king the Boers. While no
details of ! lighting have arrivtd it look.i
vcrv much as if he were trying F irt ylio
ami luhlawe Mountain, by iapf.iriiig whicl .
he might be il'l- to move along the right
Link of the river 1 early 11s faros Pleters
ni.il theme w- ik his way m L-i lysnitth by
a route, whli h. speaking H-; ograt.hl.-allv. is
esmpar.illve!v wj. But we must Jralt for
sum. thing na-re i!i-riullt before be.ag sure
til vvliBi he Is doing. That will not came
vntll after the alti nipt has proved success
ful or J.ill-sl.
They An Trillin to Prevent the
I'lat'iie'.-s Sjif ail in .Manila.
Manila. F. b. 17.' iut t.r a total ot fifty-one
casey of susectel l-ub nie planue rt imrtcd.
forty-tv.o provi it g.-uuine and th.rty two,
deaths resultetl. half of them b. ing China
men. Theie were latlve cases duiirg tint
past week, mo-Cy with-n the w-4ikl eltv.
and .1 hundred irisr-toi.s. under Hit s'lie-r-Ir.tendene-e
of a h-alili i.ilh.r. Major IMIe.
are enfonliig the sanitary regulations.
'I hlrty "f the Inspt ctt-rs are Chinamen who
have tasn furnUh J by the Chin, se mer
'Ihe Health Department ei-nsu-i shows thai
Iipulatiim of iiolia is abo'.t l1.'."! In
cluding Sl.s Cblncs-.
The Ti'iiiisiiot't Slieinian .Sails fer
Manila ith Them.
Fin Frantiseo. C.-l.. Feb. 17. The trans
port Shern .111 salli-ri at noon lo-day with
A.Z tons eif c.ir-,-o and 17J recruits, besides
1: number of c!'Hi jmssengers. A3 stniu as
siio was out of Ihe w-a. the hospital-ship
i.i.-ouri was ibck-d .it ihe transport wharf
tu pr, r.arc for se
Capi ,t union, mas.er of tho Mls3ourl
1; s ,.ii ! f 'i .. -urv v on his vessel and
Majrr 11 J. 1 tltur tne surgeon who has
e- nimai i.-.I 1 er ; Ii 1 1 r-he t-iilercd the scrv
It . h.- 1 I c n r - v4 from duty on her
The trar.-'-crt liioiara Is scheduled to sill
on next Saturday .with, Irelur, far AlanilaT