Newspaper Page Text
J- i-j" . !
THE ST. LOUIS REPUBLIC
ST. LOUIS. MO.. TUESDAY. MARCH G. 1900.
. Loals. One Cent. - i
Itle St. Lolas. Two Cents,
Trains, Three Cents.
MAKING THE ISLAND
PART OF THE UNION.
AT KANSAS CITY.
EXPEDITION SENT TO
Boers Probably Will Try to Stop
It at Vaal River
Senator Davis's Resolution Ex
tends the Constitution to Puerto
Eico Double Purpose.
Intense Party Interest Displayed in
the State Central Committee
PHILIPPINES NOT INCLUDED.
RIVAL CONVENTION CITIES.
Congressman Barthohlt Tells the
President the People of His
District Favor the Puerto
Rico Tariff Uill.
Tt Tpi.bllc Bureau.
Hth Ft. and rrcn-ylvama Ave.
Washington. March E. Representative
Bartholdt called at the White Hout-e to-day
and had a talk with tho President about the
Puerton RIcan taritf bilL In spite of tho
protests from all pirts of the country
against levying a tariff against citizens of
the United States living la Puerto Rico,
Mr. Bartholdt assurtd the PrcsUest that
the people of his district In St. 1-ouls are
In favor of the bill recently passed by tho
House. After bis conversation. Mr. Bar
"I told the President that tho people of
my district would uphold the Republicans In
lmposlrg a tariff on Puerto RIcan products.
If we allow Puerto Rtcan goods to come In
free we must do the sans by the Philip
pines. With the Philippines having free
markets In this country, capital would so
there, employ cooly labor at 10 cr.ts a
day. send goods back to this country In
competition with our own manufactures and
kill American labor. This wo will not
The Puerto RIcan tariff la giving the Re
publicans more trouble now than they had
before the bill passed the House. Immedi
ately after the President's arrival from .w
York this morning. Payne and Dalzell,
leading Republicans of the Ways and Means
Committee, were summoned to the White
House for o conference. This was of an
hour's duration, and when they left tho
President's room both gentlemen declined
to repeat what had taken place in tha con
ference. There Is now a mutual effort on tho yiirt
cf the administration and the House leaders
to shift responsibility for this tariff act.
The representatives of the administration
bt quoting the President's message to
Congress as proof that he desired free trade
for Puerto Rico with the United States and
was epposed to the bill. The Republicans
who voted for the bill against their own
Judgment Insist that they did to at tho
President's solicitation. Certainly they rruko
a Mrorg show In? of proof to this effect.
-Speaker Henderron appealed In the R-
publtcan caucus for. tho support of every
Itemibllcan for the. measure, raying the
-r'rerfaent-wouliT'faUa It as a party dlLuter
and humiliation If the-blll failed.
Watson of Indiana and other doubtful Re
publicans try to square themselves with
offended constituents by claiming they vot
ed for the measure under appeal from tho
President and coercion of the party caucus.
The administration men realize that this
puts the President in the attitude of having-
recommended free trade In his messago
to Congress and afterwards sent verbal re
quests to doubtful Republicans asking for
mpport or the tariff bill. Naturally, they
resent it; but thus far they have not suc
cessfully refuted the statements of Messrs.
Watson and others of their own party.
Proposes Free Trade.
The Senate Republicans now are wres
tling with the embarrassments of the ques
tion. Chairman Davis cf the Foreign Af
fairs Committee to-day hit upon what he
regards as a happy solution of the prob
lem. Mr. Davis's plan is an amendment
to the House bill providing free trad for
Puerto Rico by declaring that certain pro
visions of tho Constitution are applicable
to that Island. Mr. Davis believes that
this would simplify the handling of expect
ed tariff complications with tho Philip
pines. If adopted, he- believes his amendment
would be a binding declaration that the
Constitution applies only to uch new ter
ritory as Congress specifies and that thl
would leave the Philippine tariff quzstlon
to come up hereafter on Its own merit?.
This is an Illustration of tha straits to
which Republican leaders have been re
duced. Beyond, the Puerto RIcan question looms
constantly troubla to follow when the Plill
Ipplnes are to be legislated Tor. If frve
trade Is fixed for that Island, the Republi
can leaders fear that the expansionists In
their own party will favor abandoning the
Philippines rather than giving free trade
with the United States to the Filipinos.
Senator Davis also propctts a new section
"For the purpose of this act, tha follow
ing provisions of tho Constitution of the
United States are hereby extended and
made applicable to Puerto Rico:
"The Congress fhall have power to lay
and collect taxes, duties. Imposts and ex
cises, to pay the debts and provide for the
common defense and general welfare of tho
United States, but all duties, imports and
excises shall be uniform throughout tho
"No per capita or other direct tax ehall
be laid, unless In proportion to the census
or enumeration hereinbefore directed to bo
"No tax or duty shall be given by any
regulation of commerce or revenue to the
ports of one State over those of another;
nor shall vessels bound to or from one
State be obliged to enter, clear or pay du
ties in another."
The amendment Is as follows:
"And It Is hereby enacted, that all duties.
Imports and excises Imposed or levied, laid
or colleoted. by Congress upon Puerto Rico
cr any products or business thereof, or la
relation to said Puerto Rico, shall be uni
form with all duties. Imports and excises
laid and collected throughout the United
"That no per capita or other direct tax
shall be laid by Congress In or upon Puerto
Rico unless In proportion to tho census or
enumeration directed to be taken by tho
"That no tax or dulv shall iw lM n..
articles exported from Puerto Rico.
'That no prcferenco shall be given by
any regulation of commerce er revenue to
the ports of Puerto Rico over those of any
State of the Union, nor shall vessels bound
to or from Puerto Rico bo obliged to cuter
clear or pay duties In any State of the
"Nor shall anjr preference be given by
any regulation of commerce or revenue to
the ports cf any State of the Union over
those of Puerto Rico, nor shall vessels
t,mi? t0 or from tie Prtd f Jny State of
the Union be obliged to enter, clear or par
duties In any port of Puerto Rico."
Yell Count;- Republican.
Little Rock. Ark.. March S.-The Demo
cratic primaries hel:j in Yell County Satur
day resulted aa follows.: United States Sen-
"". -aiaes ix ucrry; congressman. C c
St. Louis Delegation Finds Kansas
City's lee-Coated Kopjes Unten
able Speculation Regarding
the Committee's Course.
nT A FTAIT CORItrSrON-DENT.
Kansas City. Mo . March 5. Despite ex
ecrable weather, this his boon a busy day
for the vUitlng and Iccal politicians. The
Democratic Slate Committee will meot at
II o'c-lDrk to-morrow at tho Ralt.more IloteJ.
At tho same tlmo the Democratic pramaries
all over the city will be running full blast.
There is a municipal ticket, from Major
down, to be nominated, and n three-cornered
fight is on between Thomas H. Shel
ly. James II. RceJ and A. O. Schuelcr for
the chief prize. Meantime, the Democratic
committee will be wrestling with the prob
lem of how many conventions shall be
called and when and where they will be
To-nlcht it looks like a toss cf a penny
might decide whether there will be two or
three conventions; also whether the State
nominating or the delegate convention will
be held first. Up to the middle of tho aft
ernoon Indication pointed to a consolida
tion or ince two conventions, with the
State Nominating Convention being given
the right-of-way. To-night fully half tho
committeemen say they really do not know
what Is best to do in the premises.
It seems certain, however, that the Judi
cial Convention will bo held after the Na
tional Convention and tho Stato Nominating
ana Delegate Convention some time in
There is the hottest kind of a fight on be
tween rival cities for the conventions, and
It Is possible this will result in three con
ventions. Jefferson City. Kansas City. Se
dalla and St. Joseph are workiug like beav
ers and each wants the lion's share. The
St. Joseph and Jefferson City pushers do
not hesitate to say It Is very bsd taste for
Kansas City to try to shake the Christmas
tree after receiving such a present as the
-Democratic National Convention.
The Kaw people answer this by saying
thoir town offers superior advantages.
The question or selecting convention cities
Is having a good deal to tin with .,.tu,..
other matters. All the hotels have full
registers of vislung Democrats. Most of
tho candidate) are here, and the remainder.
with few exceptions, aro expected la tho
Less than half a dozen of the thirty com
mitteemen fulled to show up during the
day. David A. Ball, candidal t..r :m-
nor. had not been seen about tha hotels up
tin to-night, but former Congressman
Dockery was among tho early arrivals and
put In a. busy day. Most of bis friends
greeted him as "Governor" Dockery.
Among the other candidates prudent dur
ing the day were tho following: Albert O
AUen of New Madrid. T. M. Bradbury of
Cole and F. L. Pitts of Monroe, for Audi
tor; E. C. Crow of Josper, Attorney Gener
al; Noah M. Given of Cau, Judge or the
Supremo Court; Lieutenant Governor A. IL
Bolte or Franklin. State Treasurer; George
W. Trigg or Ray and Colonel O. F. Gutbia
of St. Louis. Railroad Commissioners; Sam
R. Cook or Audrain, Secretary or State;
Judge W. W. Wood or Johnson and Judge
H. C. Timmons, of Barton, Judge of the
Kansas City Court of Appeals.
The night trains brought in many more
ana tha last s-iraggle-rs aro due at S o'clock
M. Loulsuns Present.
At ro'l call tbk evening tho following St.
LQUians Hnr-wered: Harry B. Haue-s Col
onel Ed. Butler. O. P. .M.i.lard. V. c ,.
more. James J. Butler, Thomas W. Ward.
Judge James McCaffrey, Charles P Hi-.
Kins, Kid Sheridan. Colonel o. b Guthrie
IL P. Thompson, Colonel James C Snelf
Morton Jourdan, Judge Klibor. William
"" jienry eueiimaiz.
Among others present were Major Harvey
W Salmon of Clinton; J. . Armstrong of
Pulaski, who will likely bo added to tho
State Committee to Jill the vacancy in tho
Klghih District; State Senator -ohn F Mor
ton of Ray; Henry E. Warren of Pulaski -Dick
Booth. J. 11. Edward. V. IL Bassett!
Colonel Paul 15. Moore. E. T. Orcar. Colonel
Al Morrow, L. J. Hall and J. D. Stark of
Jefferson City; Judge Hall of St. Joseph
J. I. Allen of Butler; R. T. Bailey of Cass-
"You may say tho meeting of th State
Committee will be lively," said Chairman
fcam B. Cook. "There lias not "been so much
Interest taken in a meeting of the commit.
tee In jean There Is stiarp rivalry among
' "c tTOuos iiiu cunvcntion, and tills
in a. measure. Is likely to determine wheth
er two or three conventions will be held. It
is my Idea tho meeting of the committee
will be open. I believe Its deliberations
will be harmonious, but do not care to haz
ard a guess as to dates and locations of tho
Eedalla was a little clow In presenting her
claim for one of the convention-. It was
not until to-night that a delegation arrived
in quest of such a prize. It was headed by
W. D. Steele. O. M. Harnett and Thomas
"We are after one of the conventions and
will get It." said Mr. Barnett.
Jefferson City Delegation.
Jefferson City reached here first and put
In some hard work with a pretty big dele
gation, headed by the following committee
from the Commercial Club: Judge A M
Hough, chairman; Perry Under. John" IC
eirccne, .u it. uogg. uea u. veilh, W. J.
Chamtnus and George W. Hobbs. They
want the btate nominating convention. It,
it is consoiiuateu wiin me ueiegate conven
tion, so much the better.
St, Joseph put In a similar bid. although
her delegation did not arrive until to-night.
There are more than 100 ot them. Among
"use e-uniiirj&iii me ueiegaticn. arc: F"- V-
I Harl. Colonel J. W. Royd. it, M. Crandatl.
jl. vv. Brewster, judge Thomas J. Porter
A. J. Rnright, Police Commissioners Wal
ter Robinson, John Trice and Frank
Few members cf tho committee knew un
til to-Jay that Kansas City would seek
miy oi me ctale conventions.
But the Kaw town entered the contest at
a breakneck pace, nnd has already suc
ccded In giving Jefferson City and St
Joseph a good scare. The opinion Is gen
erally expressed to-night that If three con
ventions are decided upon, one will go to
the three competing cities offering the
best accommodations. The State Nomi
nating Convention Is considered tho bet
by the rivals. Unless there Is a decided
change of sentiment to-morrow the State
.viuiuaiuife uuti-ji.um win fc Jioj2 quite
early In June, but whether before or after
the Delegate Convention Is yet an un
solved problem. With one or two excep
tions, all the candidates for State nfrui.
ravora convention much earlier than uuaL
Any time between May and the miJdfe of
June would suit them.
Tho Su Louisar.s and those wh ir.
1'r.ion Station with them List night came
French's Cavalry Runs Into a Hot Fight Boer
Front Extends Eighteen 3Iiles Before
ROER FORT AT ULOEjIFOXTEIX.
wori a glare or Ice. Th only reception
committee consisted or cabtneo. None of
tho St I.ouisans had thot.ght of bringing
ali-enstocks with them, sue-h as are ued
In the Alps, and nono were provided with
skatos. the latter being an oversight which
two or thrco measurably corrected later la
Major O. r. Guthrie, candidate for Rail
road Commls-loner, was the lirst to Vcnturr
on the ice Held, and he had not taken
two steps until he received a hard fall.
Colonel Ed Butler made some enrnest re
marks about the topography of Kansas
City and ordered a hack. He all he would
rather trust hims-lf In th hands of a hack
man than to risk his rtandlng oil the ice.
His example was foUowcd and the cabmen
reaped a harvest,
All day and well into tho night the vis
itors slid over tbo streets and kopjes of
Kansas City. Sometimes It was n ".shoot
the chutes" ride, with a friendly puddle
of wnttr to check tho shooter at the ter
minus, and again many clear falls were
JKrored. Fortunately no one was seriously
The Kansas City politicians were too
busy looking after their primaries to pay
much attention to the visitors. Only a pw
of them calird at the hotels to explain the
oau of tho abscsca of their fcllow-poll-tlrlans.
"It s nice of you Kansas City fellows."
said Kid Sheridan of St Lauis, in a tplrit
of fun, "to tlx things so we can voto while
we are here. Few cities would have U-en
Ben Brady and Tom Barrett. St. Louis
JUDGE HARMON'S PLAIN TALK
AT THE DINNER TO TAFT.
Pointed Out Mistakes in Handling the Philippines Question
and Summarized Difficulties Before the New
Commissioner Judge laft Says He
Is Against Expansion.
Cincinnati. O.. Mareh 5. The complimen
tary dinner given to-night at iht vlueen
City Club to Judge William II. Taft, tho
recently appointed President of tho Phil
ippine Comnusslon. by his friends .iti-l
nelghlHUs was uniqtin In Its elegance and
In Its good will. Tho hundred substantial
citizens who tufc thbj method of bidding
farewtll to their friend Included tho reprc
srntallVH men of Cincitinati.
M. i:. Ingall, president or the Big Four
Railroad Company, pre-sided as loatm.istcr.
After trading a. letter of regret from Sec
retary of Wkr Root, who was unable to
attend, and after speaking In a happy vela
members of th committee, did not come In I ot Julse Taft and his great mission, he In
wlth tho other. They are due In tho troduted Judge William It. Dav. late S-c-
morning. It was rcirled durlr.e th dav
that they would mnko on effort to Indue
the State Committee to Issue nn order or
something of the kind with a view of sav
ing their old organization In the City Com
mittee. Two-thirds of tho members of the
Stato Committee have said no such a prop
osition will be entertained for a minute.
O. P. Mallard, .secretary of tho Jeffer
son Club, spent the day endeavoring to ob
tain suitable hotel quarters for the club
during the National Convention. He bc-lleve-s
fully members of the club wit at
tend. He win continue his lnvestlgaticn
to-mo.row, and hopea to have some good
offers to submit to his club at Its r.ext
Favor Three Conventions.
All th candidates for State ofilccs In the
city held n meeting at the Midland Hotel
to-night to discuss the situation regarding
the number of conventions to be held. With
but one opposing, it was decided to advlsa
th committee to call three conventions nnd
ask that the State Nominating Convention
take precedence. Colonel John A. Knott,
candidate for Secretary of State, said he
was opposed to departing from precedent
and thought the State Nominating Conven
tion should foUow the Delegate Convention.
No other candidates present concurred in
Tho cxprclfn of the meeting was asked
by a numlKT of committeemen, and It will
havo ttn effect on the committee's decision.
It is now conceded the State Nominating
e,onvcntion win De new tlrst.
retary of State, who spoke of the negotia
tion of tho treaty it peace with Spain.
JuJgs Day was followed with the closest
Interest, The heartiest applause was given
to his assertion that the aim of the United
States is not lo exploit trade In the Philip
pines, but to servo tho Interests of thoso
Governor George K. Nash followed Judge
Day. Judgo Judson Marmon was next In
troduced. Action tv. Traditions.
Judse Judron Harmon, who was Attorney
General under the list Cleveland adminis
tration, and whoso koclatlon with Judge
I decision and that choice, and In wlshing-
JUiije iar godspeed on his voyige and the
most important work that ha3 fallen to any
man of hi generation. Our duty is tha
very hisheet. Xo-ie bu: the b?t and wlsent
can discharg It for us. And if we raav
Judge uli by tho one we know. th PresIIent
coald not havo chowrn bitter. It was no
defense of slavery that tho slaves were bit
ter off. but slavery was a double wron
when they were treated badly. So, giving
these people good government will at least
Fave us from adding Injury ro wrong.
"I am sure our friend here realizes the
dlClcultles of the task before him. He will
have to deal with lights wbi.-h havo vetted
und?r a mixed system of Spanish and na
tive laws and customs. He must take Into
account strange Ideas, prejudices and man
ners; nut. pernaps, tnoso may trouble him
Icj than those of tho Intelligent people,
who know our history aad profcudons, and
who, e are assured, closely follow all
that occurs here, to Jlni sometime encour
agement In their struggle to be free.
"If anyl-edy could do this worlc with
credit to himself and vs. he can. Above
all. ha has two qualifications without which
failure would be certain. First, ho cannot
bo brought by any political or other pres
auro to yield to any of the heresies which
this new departoro is bringing forth. One
of them la the revival cf the notion that
the Constitution Is a mere compact amosz
tho Statts and operates only in them. Ho
know.- what has been held from the begin-
Tart at the Cincinnati bar has been con- ning that all persons, everywhere, who owe
temponeneous, created a Fcnsation In his allegianco to the United States are citizens,
opening sentence, though It was understood . , ,h,: l'rJ'cfl States. He knows that there
the company had not been chosen with tho
view of political barmoay. Judge Harmon,
in part, said:
"If jou had met to approve the general
course of the Government with respect to
tho Philippines. I should not be here. For
a hundred j tars we contented ourselves
with words of sympathy for people strug
gling, as we or.co struggled, for freedom
and independence. Here for tho first tlmo
an opportunity came to help In such a
struggle without breaking our settled pol
icy. We Joined ranks with thi native pa
triots against the common cccray. Whether
any one made or was authorized to make
Speaking of the situation, one of the m". nrnm'ses to them Is of no eonsenuenee M.i-
didates said: "It seems evident there will h!tory and principles are a perpetual prora
ta a bitter contest over the election of lae: and no one will deny that when the
luiiiuiiiii uciegaics-ai-iarge uetween several
The prospects now ire that the stnu
Nominating Convention will be called for
the XIrst week In June, the Delegate
Convention about two weeks later, and
the Judicial ConvcnUon after the National
Conv ent Ion.
. C. B. OLDHAM.
Filipinos Joined forces with us. they tc-
limed, and wo knew they believed, that
JttM. Prosecuting Attorney. Jes.-v Hart: i In this mornlrar over the Missouri Pneifi,
Representatives. J. W. Clark. J. A. Taylor: Burlington. Wabash and Chicago and vil
Judge, M. C. Black; Circuit Cleric. R. H. ton. At 7 o'clock, when the first trin
xwcus: county Clerk. Q. W. Hunnicut; ' reached the depot, It was Vraining. chilly
Jgnenir, i. it cole: Assessor, J. p. Brlggs. and murky, acd the streets Asm pavements.
For .VMs.oorl-Colder Tnradnyt ruin
In aouthern and rniiinr or rain In
northern portion; AVr.ilnr.ilnr fair?
winds becoming northrrrstrrly.
For Illinois Jtalu In southern, Hon
or leet In northern portion Tnmdr
colder In southern portloni Wednes
day lalrj brisk east o southern
STlndx, becoming- westerly Wednes
day. For Arkansas Itnin and colder
Tuesday! Wednesday ralri westerly
srlnds, becoming- northwesterly.
1. Making rnerto Rico Part of the Union.
Democratic Clans at Kansas City.
Judgo Harmon's Plain Talk.
Expedition Sent to Relieve MaTchlng.
?. Troops Terrorized the People of Idaho.
American Warships Sent as & Menace.
2. Kentucky Situation Again Thrcatenln;
Sapho" Slopped by tho Police.
4. President's Philippine Policy.
Neuva Cacercs Occupied by Bates.
Officer Meagher 6hou
Powers of IJquId Air.
6. Second Baptist Church Sold.
His Itato Paid Big Death Duty.
6. Sporting New s.
Getting Ready to Play Baseball.
Results at the Tracks.
7. Pneumatic Tube Mall Servlc.
Generous Gift or a Congregation.
Meetings or Ministers.
News or tho Churches.
At the Theaters.
S. Republican Tarty Split In Illinois.
Cases Were Nolle Prosstd.
Tried to Burn iltrseir.
U. New Corporations.
Real Estate Transfers.
Beer Inspection Case Decided.
12. Grain and Produce.
13. Financial News.
II. Second Millinery Openings To-Day.
Twnty Men Injured.
Insurance Withheld by Odd Fellows.
Death of & Street Character.
Killed by Highbinders.
Methodist Clergy on Bishops' Appeal.
success would mean the fulfillment of their
"When we came to terms of ycacc. it was
our duty to put an end to tho claims of
Spain. As to all tho territory, except a few
square miles. thee were the bnren of
pretensions, but Spain's need and otheiV
greed might make u speculative as-set of
them to tho Injury of our allies. This was
the only possible Justltlcatlon for the .11
rvctlon to our commissioners lo puruhise
those claims, and wo naturally expected
some declaration or trust. So did our alllcM.
Not the People's War.
"Rut It coon turned out that Instead or
bujlng off the King of Spain, the Govern
ment bought him eeit and proposed to rea
lize on the Investment. Our only real w-ir
follow ed -a war which a word would havo
nv elded If our Government had been willing
to say II. nnd whose victories aroused no
gladmss in our people like those over Sp In.
The Government got absolutely nothing by
the treaty with Spain, except color or tltlo
to a small part or the territory nnd conse
quent color or right to make war on tho
Inhabitants, without action by Congress.
"Whatover it now holds (save what It got
by treaty with tho Sultan or Sulu), It has
acquired by conquest frcm them and not
otherwise, and It Is still engaged In per
fecting and extending such conquest. Wo
now hear the usual plea of the doers or
ctoubtrul things The deed is done: It U too
late to discuss It.'
"It Is never too late to retrace a mis
step; to right or undo a wrong. If the peo
ple shall decide that no nation U good
enough to rule another nntlon without tho
other nation's- consent: If they shall re
member whit It cost us to cast out the
heresy that tho great principles of liberty
did not apply to black men. and shall re
fuse to re-embrace it as to the brown ones;
If they shall conclude that this country
cannot long exist part vauol and part fre-e.
as they found It could not part slave and
part free: then there will be no dtificulty
in doing what we ought to have done In the
beginning leave the Filipinos to manage
wie-ir own anairs anu servo notice on the
' is no authority except that conferred by the
constitution: tnat tnat authority extends
by Its own vigor throughout tho entire na
tional domain, and that with it go the per
sonal nni civil rights the Constitution
guarantees to aU alike.
"Second, ho knows that the sole object of
all the government is the good of the gov
erned, and the efforts which will, no doubt,
be made to provide for securing benefits to
others at the erpecze of tho governed that
will surely fall."
The silence which marked the opening re
marks by Judge Harmon was intensu. At
length, when npplausc broko out. it was
followed by a remark in tbo room. "Just
four of jou."
But when Judgo Harmon declared tho
duty of tho Government to be tl-.e estab
lishment of a protectorate over the lslauds.
thn applause was continued. He produced
undisguised surprise when he hinted that
one of the best qualifications of Judge Taft
for this mission was the fact that he was
not an expansionist.
Jmlge Taft :ot an Kzuanstonlsr.
Judge Taft t-pekc for about an hour, de
voting much time to his associates of Uie
Cincinnati bar nnd with feeling words of
thanks for tho tributes of his friends. Com
ing to tho topi of the Philippines he said:
"Tho commission Is not organized. Its
members have never conferred together. I
speak, therefore, for myelf alone.
"Ukrt Judge Harmon, nnd unlike Chair
man lngoils. I am not now and never havo
been an expansionist. I have always horwd
that the Jurisdiction of our nation would not
extend beyond territory between the two
oceans. Wo have not solved all the prob
lems of popular government so rwrfeetly a.i
to Ju.tlfy our voluntarily seeking more dif
ficult ones abroad.
"With defcrenco to Judge Harmon. I do
not think In this lis'.anco that wo havo
voluntarily sought thrra. The high and
patriotic purpose of the President In tho
present Juncture Is to give the ieop!o or the
Philippine islands tho best civil govern
ment which he can provide, with the Iariri-r
measure of se.f.govcrnment consistent with I
stability. He seeks only the welfare of thn '
Filipinos and the betterment or his condi
tion. The Incidental benefits to tho trade
of this country, arising from the new re
lation, must be made subservient to tho
Interests of those who have become our
wards. This is his charge to his new com
mission. With this purpose thus defined I
havo tho deepest sympathy. When. th re
fore, the President did me the honor to a-sk
me to assist him as one of the commis
sion In carrying It out. I could not urge
as a reason for declining that I did not
agree with his policy and Its obje-ct."
Judge Taft was frequently Interrupted
b applause, which was especially vigorous
when he announced the charge given by
the Presidei.t to the new commission, and
world that they are under our protection! T siuei.i to tne new commission, and
That is how it may bo settled TsW It "n" hc fP0C ?k .tofCefSlty "'' cnrrdt!
may take long. As It lnvolverrlght and c'v".serv '" ln th? 1'hWppIne-s. At the close
wrong. It wUl rievcr be settled until it Is' ' U address, the entire assembly arose
settled right. i a'"1 Jlnl I" chrers for tho distinguished
"Meantime, there are certain duties f or "? ?f lje evening. The presentation of
which wc aro responsible. One Is to provide ' T .l c, lastH ,h,;1exe,r,:l3a "! 1-' guests de.
a government Xortho Islands HoweveV ,,art,:d' aUer 8lnsks "America."
th M.. I - ' -
BOER RELIEF FUND.
Secretary Day AcJcuowIedses Ke
ceipt of a Second Draft.
Doctor Emll Preetorlus of tho Wcstllch
Post has received a letter rrom Secretary of
a government lor those Islands. However
"irongiy ne may uisapprove tho course
which has led to this necessity, no citizen
has a right to withhold his aid and sup
Larr of the Situation.
"The situation Is very peculiar. On the
ratification of tho treaty whatever terri
tory ha fact belonged lo Spain became tho
ttmtcry of tho Unltsd States. The mill-
icry auinority ot tne i-resiucnt ceased. As f.
the Government has chosen to rcler tne tj- , State John Hay, acknowledging receipt of
eral days ago to be rorwarded to President tIor" cnetred them ,n return, the Gordons
tie lo all the territory it holds to the treaty the draft for fl which was sent him sev-
-.... ,..... w.c ... i.-........ iuw ireai n ail ,rat davs
nv mii.tov v. urncit,
SPECIAL. BY CABLE.
London. Tuesday. March 6.-(.Co.yrlght.
!. by the New York Herald Compauy.)
Itennctl Burleigh cables to tho Daily Tele
graph under dato of Ofonteln. March 4:
Ths Rocr front covers eighteen miles to
tho south of Moddcr River.
'Ger.e-ral French again had a successful
skirmish this morning with the enemy."
Other advices Indicate that the Boers are
preparing to make a stand at Abraham's
Kraal, which Is considerably east or their
present position. The opinion Is expressed
regarding Abraham's Kraal that tho place
!- not ideal and has drawbacks. It en
ables the flanks to be covered by a com
paratively small force, but can bo rcadlly
tumed by either cavalry or Infantrv ard
tho plain country bt-blnd It. na well as its
communications, can be swept, but If well
provisioned It may prove a veritable fort
ress, and may not be quite so rapiJly either
assailed or Invested as those Imagine who
forget that besides S.0 or 19.0O men In
tne position tho Boers ran probably support
It with a number of tield forces aggregating
wi or wu mounted burghers.
The? could not be brought In'o action
against their will except by cavalry, and
It Is doubted whether French l.ia cavalry
enough, even Including all that Is to bo
yet brought over the Orange Rlycr. to
force to a light Hvo or -is mobile comman
does operating in combination with a tlxed
position, s.0 long as these bodies have eup
rly bases on tho railway for their limited
needs of focd. In other words. Roberta
probahly wilt have to strike at the railway
far behind Abraham's Kraal, and If he doei
he will have to take exceeding care of his
own communication with the Klmberiey
......-j nu eCn moe or tho diamond city,
as far as the Orange River. The problem,
presupposing the conditions mentioned. Is
not an easy one.
It Is interesting to not that a movement
is in progress from Kimberky. A strong
force. Including the Canadian mounted in
fantry and a portion of tho artillery of the
Klmberiey Light Horse, has commenced a
march northward. Opposition Is expecteJ
at Fourteen Streams, where the railway
bridge has been wrecked. To cross the Vaal
River and push onward up the line can
only have one object. There aro doubtless
scattered commandoes, of Boers In this
district, but tho ultimate destination of tho
expedition, without doubt. Is tho relief of
Mafeklng nnd active co-operation with
In the north of Cape Colony all the Gen
erals nccro to to active Gatacre reports
tnat me liours aro dwindling ln cumbers
at Stormberg. Both ln the east and west
the British are driving tho Boers before
them. Brabant has secured Labuschagne's
Nelc after a stiff fight, while Clements on
tho west has not only occupied Achtertag,
but apparently is harrasslng the retreating
Boers at Norval's Pont.
Thero Is no fresh news from Northern Na
tal save that no Boers havo been found
within a radius of thirty miles of Lady
smith. Ru!Iers revised list of casualties from
February 11 to February rj gives ninety
three men killed. CSl wounded and twenty-
cwnumox Frtou Ki.Miinui.KY.
Cape Town. March 5. A strong force of
British. Including the Klmberiey Light
Horse, Is marching northward from Klm
beriey. It is etpectcd that ths crossing of the
Vaal River will b disputed at Fourteen
Streams, wbero the railway bridge has
Sir Alfred Mllncr has Issued tho following
"Whereas, the enemy" forces have In
vaded the districts of Prl'ska. Kcnhardt.
Rrltstown and Barkly West, and whereas
many British subjects have taken up arms,
anil whereas It is necessary lo repel Inva
sion and jiuppres rebellion, now, therefore.
martial law Is hereby proclaimed In these
FUKNCirS CAVAIJIY i:RAGlin.
Osfontcln. March 3. General French.
yesterday evening noticed n. body of Boors
trekking northwest and sent a squadron
last nlKht to keep In touch with them. This
morning the troopers were followed by
about 110 Boers, who advanced around a.
hill, but who retired precipitately when the
British shelled them.
The Boers then opened a heavy fire with
Maxims and also began firing from a kopje
ln the center of the position, with a long
The Boer- trekking, ln consequence of
General French's movement, waa tempo
nUL.LF.lfS ARMY IX LADYSJIIITI.
BY RICHARD HARDING DAVIS.
SPECIAL BY CABLE
Ladysmlth, Sunday. March 4. Copyright,
1 by the New York Herald Company.)
The entranco or General Buller nnd his
j columns Into Lad) smith this morning wa3
i one of the most splendidly moving specta
cles I have ever witnessed. It was as af
fecting as the diamond Jubilee procession,
as migultlcent as the Czar's entranco Into
Moscow, as full of enthusiasm as Admiral
Dewey's welcome by New York.
Twenty-two thousand "Tommies" lan
cers, foot soldiers, gunners; Irregular horse,
colonials, blue Jackets and Indians blis
tered, tanned, covered with mud, covered
with Dioousiains ana ragged as sweeps,
passed for three full hours before General
White, cheering, shouting and tossing their
The emaciated, yellow-faced garrison,
whose loose khaki told or weeks or starva-
itt . -. --.i . . :- " erai aaya ku to oe mrwaruea to ir.
nn; :; f. v. ":v. s "s5? ind Knur .r u.e i. An .MM, : v::, p - ncn ch
- v. .. w ,...,..-., S.V....M.. un;rrt?tt ---.
has failed to act Jn th matter, so tbo money, which Is to be applied to the use of
tfgSve'rXrthlt wh.CchaasaSes1ab!. lb? S " " ' B" "
llshed under his military power. It Is eith- I bas bca 8ent l0 tne -American Consul at
cr that or anarchy. His right to make e..-. rrrtnr!a. to be delivered to Prestiirt c--..
matrons in me nature ci taws is subject to
ei far eeforeln-. the Yw-a Is STLe C USra Panted the draft. This Is the second draft years ago. broke ranks and rushed at th.Ir
dren to whom they brought relief waved
their handkerchiefs and cheered with the
General Buller"s arrival was liailcd tumultuous!)-.
Two battalions of the Dev-
er, together with a letter which accom- ' ony. who had separated last in India Ave
"Ho has decided to act throuct. e. .i "al " u"ur iiraonra tor tne same par-. old comraoes. Aticr tne march past, the
commission. He has chosen our friend and P0" and ,nrouPn lhe rama channel. The civilians put General White in a landau and
neighbor as the head of that commission, amounts wsre made up from contributions I dragged It by ropes to bis headquarters.
And J am hero to Join in approving, that to tho fund collected by tha .CTesT'-Jio Post. In tho battle of PleUr'a our losa was less.
l than 2. while the Boers lost about 40ft,
Including Is) prisoners!.
The Dublins carried tho Boer trenches at
the point of tho bayonet, capturing forty
prisoners. Tile West Yorks especially dis
tinguished themselves. They wero complt
xnenled by General BuIIcr. After they had!
reached tho crest of tho hill, and whlla
they were not only under a severe rifle ftra
from tha Boers, but wero also being pound
ed by shrapnel nnd lyddite from our own
gunners, who had mistaken them for tha
e-attny. they sprang up to the sky-line,
and. placing their helmets on their bayo
nets, waved them at our guns. This action
exposed them to th- lire of tho Boers; but
it silenced our own guns.
Our men have I-arncd to tako cover, bu
they still exposo themselves on the sky
line to firo. and officers continue to stand.
The meeting between Generals Buller and!
White was eminently characteristic. It
might have been a chance meetirg on a
tlelj day at AldcrshoL Thero was no cheer
ing and r.o demonstration. In London
bands may be playing, people may bo
cheering. Hags may be waving, but hens
the offlccrs are saluting punctiliously, greet
ing old comrades as though they had met
In Piccadilly. This meeting, of course, pre
ceded Buller'3 triumphant entraoc Into
Signs of th siege of Ladysmlth are no
read ln shell holes, nor in shattered walls,
nor ln cellars used for bomb-proofs, but In
the faces of the people. Passing down tha
streets Is like walklrg through tha wards
of a fever hospital. They carry their suf
ferings Jauntily, under tho mask of a habit
ual British indifference. One has only ta
offer an officer a cigar or offer a biscuit to
a "Tommy" to find a starving man.
XEWS FROM MAFEKIXO.
SPECIAL BY CABLE.
London. Tuesday, March t (Copyright, -1M0.
by the New York Herald Company.)
Lady Sarah Wilson writes to the Da'
Mall from Mafeklng. under date or Febi
"On Thursday. February IS. In tha after
noon, a Boer siege gun arrived at n . v
Placement to the west and fired iht. irA
rore sunset and again during tha tnldal-x
... .i,ul uous wo wqmen and chil
dren. "What punishment does Britain Intend ta
mete out to such dastards, whose code U
ue man mat or savagea and to devil-
lsh that it strips them of title of being
considered human beingsT
"Tho following morning one of their at
tacks took place to the southwest. Larga
bodies wero seen apprcaching under cover
of trees. The force consisted principally of
--u.i.-., or, to do more accurate. I should
say wo iw only natives.
"The system now adopted ln these spas
modic outbursts of pluck Is to send tha
wretched natives in front with a few Ger
mans. Scandinavians. Irish and renegada
British in charge, who urge tho native, on."
whi.e th Boer who are too modest to ex
hibit themselves to Mafeklng men. remain
behind under cover of rocks and treea and
slowly creep on the flanks of the 'nlggera
flghtlnsr lo front
"If th natives are able to advance, - tjsa
Boers also advance, bat they aro out ot -J
sight directly the natives are forced ta
ioji oac. ana make tracks for their laager. '
never waiting to cover tho retreat of th r
poor devils out ln the open. "- n'
The enemy advanced within 2,000 .jard Ji
of our men and lay low. '.
The enemy halted ln cover. Their siega
gun opened first with fourteen rounds. Ona
of their shots fell within ten yards ot on
"From the evidence hero and from re
ports on tho Natal sldo. it appears that ar
tillery Is a much overrated arm. At th
close of this campaign the authorities roust
turn more serious consideration to the ques
tion of tho importance of mounted Infan
try. "We hsvo held n Masonic lodge here un
der conditions which are unique In the mod
ern history of freemasonry. It was well
attended, many visitors being present froni
all parts of tho world.
"The question or rood stuffs Is engaging
tho attention of the authorities. Tha na
tives are feeling the want of food, and tha
allowance Is necessarily very email. A soup
kitchen, therefore. Is being organized.
Horsesv stray hogs nd the heads and feet
of oxen are being utilized fcr this pur
pose. The soup kitchen should be a gri"
boon to all. The town Is on strict rations
Oats aro procured with tho allowance o(
bread and meal, the rejected husks being
for the horses."
The same correspondent, -wrltlcg under
date of January 2), of the Mafeklng giege,
"The Boers have fired S00 rounds from
their ninety-four-pounder Into tha tows, .X
long ago lost count of the rounds from tha
other guna. Some fifty tons of metal bavra
been shot at us, but we still pursue tha
even tenor of our way. Plenty of shelters
havo been built everywhere and for every
body. The staff, the paymaster and tha
telcphono offlco are underground.
"Folks proceed to business as usual. Tha.
lookout tells when the Boer guns are load
ed and bells are rung all over the town;
the people dlvo Into the nearest dug-out;
the gun booms; the people coma out and
ask casually where that shell has gose and
resutno their business till the bell rings
"It Is funny to hear one ask the best way.
to go to such a place, perhaps only a blocs;
away, and to hear the reply, 'Go as far aa
the end of this dug-out. then cross to tha
opposite B. S. trench and then round tha
C S. dug-out,'
The hundredth day of the siege was cel
ebrated by a dinner given at Dixon's Hotel
lo the Commandant of the town. No presa
tickets were Issued.
"On Sunday we held a grand agricultural
and produce show, which was highly sue-"
ccssful. Cattle, poultry, vegetables, fruit
and flowers were exhibited and prizes wera J ?
offered for the finest animals born since tha
beginning of the slsge. There wera six
Contlnned. on Page Two,
ilVr'-..r":' ' -