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THE ST. LOUIS REPUBLIG. !
The 9aec1al Mad Cdltlo to
Printed !n Two Farts.
The Bandar Maalne la
Printed tn Oaa. Tart.
COPYRIGHT. 1900. EV PUBLISHERS. CEORGB KXAPP & COMPANY.
ST. LOUIS, MO.. SUNDAY, JULY 1. 1900.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
fc.- i t
DEMOCRATS GATHERING AT KANSAS CITY.
Arrangements for the National
Convention Are Being Rapidly
Harmonious Feeling, With the Customary Differ
ences of Opinion Delegates Will Settle the
Vice Presidential Problem.
bx a sT.rp counnspoxDEXT.
Kansas City. Mo., June- :U). In Kansas City tiwlay there arc few delegations
but a number of representative leaders. Mr. Bryan's nomination lioins hottled,
the two ioicts of platform anil the. vice presidential nomination attract the
The general sentiment is to pive New York the vice presidency if that
State can unite on a suitable man. Tammany pcrsi.sts In onno'dnK Hill anil
shows no disposition to pri's-s a candidate. The Now York leaders say utih.es.I
tatinply that they care more for the platform than for the vice presidency.
All the Xew York Democracy asks, they say, is a platform upon which tho
party can liannouize. They will be satisfied to accept an ntlirmatiou of the
Nearly all the 'Western and Southern leaders now at Kansas City are will
ing to make such a platform. Many of them assert tluit they prefer that course
on all grounds, holding It nuwise to rewrite andacain debate the Chicago plat
form. Mr. Bryan's intentions on this point have been not authoritatively declared.
Unless he peremptorily Interferes, the prevailing sentiment will control the
Governor Stone is being talked of as chairman of the Committee on ltesolu-1
The demand for tickets of admission is Immeue, and the attendance next
week promises to be something enormous. Kansas and Missouri will turn out
New Yorkers say that the Sulzer boom is merely an affair of himself and a
few personal friends.
The vice presidency is a very open contest. Xo Xew Yorker lias yet de
veloped enough strength to be counted as the man. In other States delegates
6eein to be waiting on Xew York.
Silver Kepubllcans do not absolutely Insist on Towne and vt 111 accept any
nominee that Is loyal to the Chicago platform.
Notwithstanding rumors to the contrary, the regular order will be pre
served at the convention. The platform will be adopted before the nomina
tions. The convention will almost certainly last three days.
MR. BRYAN'S YIEWS
ON THE PLATFORM.
His Position on the Great Questions of the Com
ing Campaign Stated Trusts, Bimetallism
and Imperialism the Issues.
P"V- 'ScifyorS, Ju.iS'J.'.-J'uSa. wbLre the ha5
Ir C ' rr of the Democratic party stands on every
leading question of the day Is made dear
to the following contribution which will te
published b tho Journal to-morrow.
BY WILLIAM J. BRYAN.
Election of Senators by the Prcple.
Several reasons may bo suggested for the
First ropular election would make the
Senator more truly r preventative cf the
people for nhom he speaks. Tho t)cmo
cratlo Idea of government Is that the rep
resentative reflects tho sentiments of the
Second If there was r.o other reason for
the change, a sufficient reason would be
found In the scandals growing out of sen
atorial elections. Tho charge of . direct
:brlbery Is made with Increasing frequency,
ohfl Indirect forms of bribery are even more
- Tlifc Return or Hie Prodlgnli.
I am gratified to find that mnnyyjf the
Democrats who left the party In 3U$ have
returned and announced their Intention to
support the ticket. t
Some came because they are ro. longer
tinder the B tell of -he distinguished )emo
"crats who In IK'S used their political promi
nence and prtstige to lead away men who
trusted them. i
Seme have returned because they afe con
vinced that Chicago platform principles
represent the best hope of a. lartrs ma
jority of the people.
Some have returned because they have
come Into actual contact with the trusts.
Still others havo returned because they
believe that an Imperial policy threatens
the very exlstenco of free government Thov
argue that mistake? -made In earning out
the Chicago platform doctrines can ke cor
rected If the doctrine uf self-goverr.aent ls
maintained, but that nn imr-irlal fpollcy,
once entered upon with the approval of tho
people, would be difficult to overthrow.
The outlook In the East has Improved
yery much during the last year. If.a like
condition gdes on until election day fte Re
publicans will lose scleral States castor the
Alleghany Mountains. 1
The well-to-do cannot be frighted by
the charge that the Democratic? partv
sxA represents lawlessness and U a
J Jy menace to propertj rights. Thfi law-
-publican party, and law-abiding peojle are
learning' that society l In greater lancer
tfrom those who commit grand larceny by
..Vl A.M ... lr..l.ltl .. .!.... t. !. fmn. ,IA. . I.
Vks vi ar.&iutiuii tiiuii iv la iium uiuc vwiq
elieve In equal rights to all and ipeclal
ivileges to none. :J
he owners of honest wealth are learning
at the predatory elates are bj their
lminal practices bringing upon wealth an
dlum which It ought not to bear. I
-The corporations honestly organlz) jnd
Mraged In lecitlmatc business area com
ing to feel the necessity of protectlrf from
the dishonest corporations organize! for
can leaders to
curP'Ses of exploitation.
The Untie of Import
As the purpose of Hcpubllcan
forcibly- annex the Philippine Is'nnfe be
comes more apparent, the defenders f an
Imperial policy become more and mart bold
-tn their repudiation of fundamen'cirprm.
"clples, and as) the doctrine of fore lifmore
boldly aowcd. the disaffection amoaj the
Republicans Increases. t
, The Mt-unce of the Trusts.
Men who did not think the questloi im
portant In 1S05 are now convinced tht tho
private monopoly has reached proportions
-where It Is dangerous to the politico as
well as the Industrial -nclfaro of the njtlon.
As various branches of Industry are pairing
Into the hands of a few great magnat tha
"consumer of finished products, the age
-earner and the producer of raw mat-rial
.all realize that the evils of a landedris--tocracy
nre small In comparison witithe
'evils of the threatened Industrial despojism.
' . The Threat of Militarism.
- !. -;. The army Is the Impersonation of Srce.
JX'A !-Mt d0e8 not deliberate; it executes. ItBocs
:&& '. not reason; It shoots, Militarism is tho
:. . -Terr antithesis of democracy, in cry
-V " . Ulg tVa nn.n.nn4f r lT-flTH- thft JtAtfrt
iss''.. "" -""" .-. v; - -T-
r&?.. . .hnf In T7nmiVillr -mnTMlHieS lSUe .n
EC fe sovereign pcoplo and the sublli irv-
iS5?rrK5-rSu uv nn rtnubi the demoralli
ys-cvmni, b uceu.
fci.."ks"elt which foUaw the use of force.
. . fen the force la Instlflod by nect!
if i ?.J5... - . ., I
P"Sr-';-iie, cannot afford to weas.en me jpji
. 2'f'vT. Meat reliance upon the people by cum
J Ing the Ideas thst all tbe work of war muet
be -Jons by professional soldiers.
Our example has already been an Inspira
tion to millions. Because our forefathers
fought for liberty, others have fought for
liberty. Because, our Declaration of Inde
pendence was promulgated, other declara
tions of independence have been promul
gated. Becnure our Constitution was estab
lished, other constitutions have been estab
.Not only hao we set an example, but in
the establishment of the Monroe Doctrlno
we have been able to ghe to smaller Re
publics the protection of thla, the greatest
ltcpubllc of history. As the nation's popu
lation, wealth anu Influence Increase. Its
power to do good will increase, but to ac
complish this mil it must remain true to
Its principles and not descend to tho level
of empires and monarchies.
Arceaslty of nn Income Tax.
At present the Government can draft tho
citizen, but cannot draft the pocketbouk.
Slowly, but surely, the dollar Is being ex
alted and the man debased. Justice In tax
ation must be restored.
The sentiment prevailing among those
who advocate an income tux justifies the
prediction that - the Democrats, Populists
and Silver Republicans will. In the next
campaign, advocate an amendment to tho
Constitution specifically authorizing an In
Tilt- Money Question.
The money qae&tion ls still an lfsue. It Is
often suggested by Gold Democrats, by lte
publfcans who oppose the trusts and by Re
publicans who oppose Imperialism that tho
Democratic party should drop the money
question and make tight upon a new Issue.
That the money question will not bo
dropped Is .now apparent to every careful
observer. How can the Democratic party
avoid the Issue without confessing tbe gold
standard to lw desirable?
It cannot drop the money question with
out turning the people over to the tender
mercies of the bank presidents, who will
control business conditions by controlling
the money supply.
After the advocates of bimetallism had
been deceived again and again by pre
tended friend of tho double standard, they
found It necessary to support an honest,
explicit platform, anil this they did whon
G.DnO.oo) voters united In supporting a de
mand for free and unlimited coinage at IS
to 1. without watting fur tho consent of any
The Clilrneo PlnUorm.
The Chicago platform will b reaffirmed
at Kansas City. No chango will be made
to conciliate the.Demccrats who are com
ing back to the lurty.
They must not expect a single departure
from the position taken by the party In
IXiC nrst. because the position taken then
was right: second .it would not be wise to
alienate those who were with us In 1S96 in
order to please those who were then against
MR. METCALFE'S POSITION.
Favors a Xew Free Silver Tlauk
Omaha. Neb.. June 3). Richard I. Met
caire, editor of the 'World-Herald, who will
be the Nebraska member of the Resolutions
Committee at the Kansas City convention,
will leave for that city Sunday night. Mr.
Metcalfe held a conference with Mr. Bryan
at Lincoln this afternoon, and on his re
turn to Omahl wa.s asked what position he
would take relatlie to the money plank of
the platform. He replied:
"I am In favor of reaffirming the Chica
go platform In general; ulo the adoption of
a plank explicitly renewing tbe pledge for
the free and unll-nltcd coinage of silver
and gold at the ratio of 16 to 1. Independ
ent of what any other nation may do.
Borne urge that a more explicit plank re
lating to bt-metalllsm be omitted. Why not
then omit an explicit plank relating; to
trusts? The Chicago platform contained aa
anti-trust plank. Why should the conven
tion of ISO) be content with a mere reaf
firmation of the Chicago platform bo far as
bl-metallism Is concerned, and yet -adapt
a specific plank relating to trusts? Seres
will say that because of a growth of trusts
under this, administration a specific anti
trust plank is necessary. That ls true. It
is equally true In the case of the currency."
Doubt Rather Than Disagreement
About the Platform to Be
Original Free Silver Men Think It Sufficient to
Reaffirm the Chicago Platform Bryan's
Wishes to Be Considered.
iiy n. i coMn.
BTArr coRitusi'oxDEXT op Tin: nn-
Kansas City, Mo., June 30. There Is
doubt rather than disagreement about the
Platform to be adopted by the National
Democratic Convention next week. Anions
the leaders litre, as well as the rank and
file, there Is no disagreement worth count
ing. The sentiment Is almost universally
for a plain affirmation of the- Chicago
p'atform without repetition of the 15 to 1
The pnMlshe! statements of former Gov
error Stone of Missouri and "Senator Jons
of Arkansas represent the general opinion.
The few Silver RJ-piiWIoans on the ground
are the only organized dissenters, and even
they are now saving that If Tow no or nny
other advanced 15 to 1 man l nomlnafd
for the !ce presidency there will be no
need for a literal repetition of tho Chicago
Wlille there Is substantially no disagree
ment, there Is doubt, and the doubt con
cerns the attitude of Mr. Bryan. It I al
mltted that if he positively and unquali
fiedly Insists on a specific 16 to 1 plank the
convention will bo disposed to fol'ow hl
So far Mr. Bryan hat no spokesman
here. There- Is nobody who can state with
authority what U the presidential candi
date's ultimatum, if he ha one.
Both kinds of stories have come from
Uncoln. Mr. Bryan Is quoted by Kltors ai
having taken th position that while he
would prefer a specific 16 to 1 declaration,
ha will not uiurp the functions) of the con
vention and wi'l be satisfied n long as the
Chicago platform Is unequivocally affirmed.
Others say that he will consent to nothing
short of literal rei-tIt!on.
Mr. Sulzer of New- York U here hotfoot
from Uncoln, and ho would have It appear
that the 16 to 1 plank must be repeated.
But Mr. Sulzer's chief business Is to make
Senator Hill an Impossible Ice presidential
candidate. His statement Is not necessari
ly with authority.
Various grounds nre assigned for the
wish simply to atllrra tho Chicago plat
form. Mr. Atrnodfi A'tew.
One of the most forcible statements wa
made to-day by John II. Atwood of Kan
fas. It should bo noted that Mr. Alwood
Is one of Ilrans closest friends and one
of the oldest.
At Chicago, in 1W. he was working for
Bryan before the convention organized. In
fact lie made a fight to get on the Kansas
delegation especially to work fur hU Ne
braska friend. He does not pretend to
speak with authority from Bryan but from
warm Interest In Bryan's success.
"I prefer," said he to-day, "a simple af
firmation of thp Chicago platform, fur the
reason that It U not necessary to review
the various planks of that historic declara
tion. There are several planks over which
debate may arise. If the entire platform Is
to be rewritten mistakes may b made In
more than one Instance. I am satisfied with
that platform as It. stands, and would not
have It debated, revised or amended.
T and all Democrats of my kind are free
silver Democrats, whose fealty has nevir
been questioned. I am from one of the
NEW YORK FAVORED
FOR SECOND PLACE,
If the Delegation Cannot Agree on a Suitable
Candidate, the General Sentiment Is
Toward Looking Westward.
nY D. J. McAUMFKi:.
STFP COltllKSI'ONIlKXT OV THK JtB-
Kansas City. Mo , June SO. Gossip on the
vice presidential race became more gen
eral but continued Just as unsettled to
day with the arrival on the scene of three
men who have been mentioned as possible
nominees, Benjamin F. Shlvcly of Indl-.
M A tan ela A Js an f '. Aar.lah n.4T
ana. Charles A. Towne of Minnesota and
William !. Sulzer of New York.
Mr. Sulzer's friends displayed considera
ble activity during the morning and after
ik.oij distributing Sulzer buttons, Sulzer
badges and words of hopennJ cheer. By
the time the, New York Congressman ar
rived to-night his boom had been formally
launched, so far us exterior and local signs
could start It.
Mr. Tow no spoke for himself. His friends
incidentally scattered "Bryan nnd Towne"
badges of deep crimson, with the names of
their candidates in conspicuous black let
ters. Headquarters were opened at" tho
Coates House, nnd there the Minnesota
Congressman received visitors and talked of
his hopes and chances,
Mr. Shlvcly did not launch any boom;
neither did his friends attempt to do so for
him. He is a party man above all. and his
friends are with him. He declures that he
docs not want the nomination, and his dec
laration impresses one. with its sincerity.
He desires tbe success of the ticket, and
no personal ambition will stand iu the way
of accomplishing that result.
Mr. Shltrly'a Attitude.
"I am in no sense a candidate for tbe
nomination," said Mr. Shlvely this after
noon. I believe that the rWWj's good will
be best served by nominating a man from
New York. As to who that man rhould be.
I have no preference.
It Is known, however, that Mr. Shlvely
has a great liking tor Elliot G. Danforth of
the Empire State, whose name has not In
frequently been mentioned for llrjan's run
Despite Mr. Shlvcly'a earnest refusal to
permit hta friends to urge him for the nom
ination,' he will not put himself In the po
sition of saving that he will refuse the nom
ination If It is tendered to him. He desires
it to be known that he will not get In tbe
wayvof the lightning, as he himself expressed
It. Not a few well Informed politicians have
expressed the opinion that If the vice presi
dential nomination does not go to New York
It will not travel farther West than Indiana.
Hill and Murphy.
Y-.--- XT . S-n-t. ...... 1.JI
uctwecu jt?. autat tiuu jutjtiina me prize I
seems to rest, if a statement of even such
mild certainty as this seems at all pcr-
strongest free silver States In the Union.
It is ridiculous to assert that a plain re
affirmation Is a weakening, when such a
course Is advised by the ortgliul free silver
men and objected to chi-ily by those of
later conversion who worn to fear that their
fidelity may bo suspected.
"Who can challenge the fcie silver loynlty
of Senator Jones, Governor Stone. Governor
Altgeld or of the many crislnal leaders of
the free silver movement, who have ex
pressed satisfaction with a plank affirming
the Chicago plitform in Its entirety?"
rmor Mmptr Itenlllrniiillnn.
Most of the free silver Democrats of
Kansas are with Mr. Atwccd. Senator Har
ris, elected by Populist votes to the United
States Senate, takes the same position.
J. G. Jolinsnn. secretary of the National
Committee, views the nutter as they do.
Another good example of the same senti
ment Is John O. Breathitt, who now lives
In Arizona and Is to lie National Commit
teeman from that Territory. Mr. Breathitt
was formerly Railroad Commissioner In
"Our Democrats In the T-rrltor." ho
said, "are fur free silver, but they di not
think that their belief mut be proved lv a
literal declaration of the ratio evtry day. If
It will please the Democrats of any State
to affirm the Chicago pUitforni and then
pass on to strong resolutions on trusts. Im
perialism and militarism, we Arizona Dem
ocrats will be glad to satisfy them. It Is
free sliver victory enough to have th Chi
cago platform accepted as the doctrine of
the whole party.
"I have heard that tho Democrats of
Cistern nnd other doubtful States believe
there nre better chances of success In their
sections by that court'. 1 want the -arty
to succeed evcrj where. 1 Want IJryan to b
ehcted Alllrtnatlon of the whole platform
In one plank Is free silver fnough to suit
anybody, and If It will mike the party
stronger in anv State where lctury Is pos
sible I am for It."
Judge James Gibson of Kanas city Is one
of the few who believe that nothing but
the n-retttlon ef the 16 to 1 plank will satis
fy the party. He fears that anything else
will be construed Into a deslr to sub
ordinate the money question.
Old sller war horses from Missouri, Kan
sas. Arkansas and Texas are rather hu
morous over the speetaclc of easterners
like Sulzer nnd Gore Fred Williams all
at once becoming the peculiar champions
of slher and the hnl'est of pilgrims to
Uncoln. It was a common phrase among
the Westerners to-lv that they did not
can- ir.uci ft a inul wh. did not Trine
sent the Democrats of ii'.s own section.
Another common phrasp was that If all
the Basterncrs asked for Is n little polite
ness, they ought to hae It, since the West
and South have all the t,ubtancc In plat
form and candidate.
It may be accepted as nssured that, un
less Mr. Bryan pert mptorlly interferes, the
platform will consist ff a reew of Demo
cratic achlevemtnts and the dangers man
ifest In Republican rule, with a Mrong af
firmation of the Chicago platform and vig
orous declarations on trusts and militarism.
It Is the (net. however, that most of Mr.
Bryan's friends here fear that the particu
lar people who hava been rushing to s-'o
him lately may have" made him apprehen
sive that he will bo regarded by the public
as loss Ieoted to silver unless he demands
that the convention adopt a literal lC-to-1
plank before putting him In nomination.
The situation ls. therefore, that the con
vention believes In the wisdom of one
course, but Is disposed to expect that Mr.
Bryan may force them to another.
mlsslblo. Former Senator David 15. Hill and
former Senator K.lward Murphy of New
York are exiected lure to-morrow. Iiich Is
un record as unwilling to become a candi
date, but It is not believed that either would
decline if chosen by the convention.
It Is a fact thut among the few delegates
here a decided preference Is expressed for
ati Kustern man nny available candidate
upon whom New York State can unite.
. fvs TTllt 1.. m Aa.- llinaa aT - ...... 1 L .
Mr. Hill ls more than favored In many
Quarters. Some delegations are Instructed
for him. But apparent opposition from New
York State Itself mlaht hurt his chances.
Former Senator Murphy Is believed to bo
the choice of Tammany Hall, and some
thing of nn undercurrent In the talk about
town to-day Inclined toward this possible
candidate. When both these gentlemen and
their supporters reach Kansas City, matters
ought -to become Interesting.
Not one New Yorker of political promi
nence) Is here as jet. save Amos S. Cum
irlngs, und he Is present mora ss a news
paper conespotident than as a party rep
resentative. Mr. Cummlngs professes not
to know Just how- Tammany Hall will view
the- candidacy of Hill. If the talk of the
former Senator for second place un the'
ticket develops Into the formal presentation
of his name to the convention. Mr. Cum
mlngs probably Is us correct as cautious.
What New York will do Is the puzzle of
the present and the mystery of the moment
to come. If her candidate Were known. If
any Indications of her vote could be gleaned.
If either of the gentlemen available from
within her confines were to make definite
and decisive announcement of his attitude
toward the nomination, then the situation
would be considerably easier to grasp, and
tbe probable nominee for Vice President
much less difficult to forecast.
sess- lark or Indiana.
With New- York united on a candidate,
prevalent opinion seems to hold that to
New York would go the nomination. If
not then Shlvely seems a good se-cond
Apropos of the feeling for Murphy, a
story current Is that Harry Walker, chair
man of the Tammany Hall Press Bureau,
wired to Thomas UrlaAey of Springfield.
Mo., asking him if he would place Mr. Mur
phy in nomfnatlon for Vice President in be
half of the Missouri delegation. Mr. Ue
laney. whose oratorical ability is known be
yond the border of Missouri, promptly ac
cepted tbe invitation.
It was said that Missouri would bo ex
pected to rally tn the Murphy standard and
bring into line other Western delegations If
the honor of naming tho candidate for Vice
President were conferred upon one of her
Continued on Page Two.
BELIEVED 200 LIVES ARE LOST.
Steamships Bremen, Alain and Saale Were De
stroyed at Their New York Piers.
Visitors, Crews and Longshoremen Penned In by Walls of Flames and
Forced to Death by Drowning No Christian Endeavorers Were
on Main and Saale, Chartered for Their Trip to Europe.
New York. June JO. Hundreds of persons
perished by fire and water, scores more
were injured, three great ocean liners were
destroyed and millions of dollars In proper
ty went up In smoke this afternoon In the
greatest holocaust New York has tver
The lire started shortly before 4 o'clock In
one of the piers of the North German Lloyd
Steamship Company In Hoboken. Before
those on the hpot fairly re-illzed It, five
acres of piers were In flames, and the de
struction of three steamships was begun.
The Saale. survivor of many misfortunes,
freed from her berth ut the North German
I.toyd pier, drifted down the IIudsMi to a
fiery end, carrying with her scoren of help
less men. trapped In her hull.
The Bremen, built only three years ago.
Is now n hopeless wreck, with seventeen
men. who were compelled to man the pumps
to save themselves from drowning, held
prisoners in her hold.
It was Impossible to save the new
freighter Main, and she was burned at her
plr. Late to-night pounding was heard on
the' Inside of the Main. The sound came
from the vessel's aftercabln, where, it a
supposed, some ioor f Hows of her crew
were cut oft by the flames and left to die
In this fiery furnace. There Is no possible
way to rescue these unfortunates to-ntght.
ns the ship Is a mass of glowing steel, and
so hot that the rescuers cannot approach
close enough to rentier aid.
Flames seized the, big Kaiser WUhelm tier
Grosse. also of the North German Llotd
Line, but she was dragged away by tugs
and the tire extinguished after considerable
damage had been done.
None of these vtssels was Insured, the
company assuming till ri-k. At least sixty
bodies are Iielieved to be In the Saale, and
many more are presumably still In the
river. On the Ilremen the ship's carpenter,
who escaped, counted more than ICO dead.
Tugs ar.d othtr craft hastened to rescue
thtj everal hundred persons Imprisoned on
the burning ships, but in many cases the
heat drove them back, and, helpless, they
saw scores cf men perish before their eyes'.
Hospitals in Hoboke-n and New Yor'J nro
filled with the Injured nnd the bodies of
some of tne dead are plbsl up In wo Jen
boxes In Hoboken. Twenty-five bodies have
The tire razed the buildings on the wa'cr
front of Holioken. adjoining the steanisnlp
piers, and the property damage Is placed at
tSJNK.V As to the loss of life, estimates
dlfTer, but it ls thought that not more than
3Xi ierons perished.
The tire provided a striking spectacle, and
was witnessed by half a million persons
from the water front nnd on passing Ktenm
. Tlilrtr-Sevrn Hescnetl.
Captain J. Mlrow of the Saale Is reported
to li.'ve been burned to death In his ship.
ami his chief otlUer Is al-o missing. Thlrty-
sivcn men were rescued from the Saale.
Lul the heat was too great to continue the
work, and the ship sank with men und
women calling for help.
The thief engineer of the Bremen Is be
llevrd to have perUhed.
Klrc ot Kxtlnn-nliilirtl.
At Z o'clock this (Sundny) morning the
fire 1- still burning brightly, and Mewed
from the New York side presents a brilliant
spectacle. No estimate of the loss1 of life
falls b?low lot).
The bodies on the deck and hi the hold
of the Saale will probably be retovered by
divers at once, but of the dozens who
Jumped into the North Itlvcr some will
never lie found ut all.
During all tho time the steamship Main
lay at the burning doeks sixteen men lived
on hoard of her. When she was hauled out
from between the burning docks at 11
o'clock last night these men were still
alive. One of them Is blinded by the htat
they underwent, but the rest are ullve and
us well as can be expected.
These sixteen were all coal passers.
To-night It was announced that the
Knlser Wllhelm der Grosse is only scorched
on the starooard side, and that she will
sail on her regular schedule at ID u. m.
The flro began at 3:15 p. m. At that hour
the pier was cro wiled with mploves. There
were at least CO longshoremen at work on
the piers and In thn holds of the North
Utrman Lloyd steamer?, arid fully liuO other
How many of these escaped is problem
atical. How- many lost their lives by tire nnd
water Is mere guesswork.
The steamship officials say that at least
eighty must be dead, nnd men at work on
tlie piers and vessels ay it ls three times
that number. Tx hundred Is a fair trstt
mate of the number of those that perished
between the double deaths of tire and water.
The cotton hi which the tire sMrted wns
piled up nwaltlng shipment. Adjoining It
was a p rain Id of whisky in bnrrels. A pay
clerk tlrst saw the blaze and screamed a
warning. Almost as It nn echo to his words,
the whisky exploded, carting Jets of tire In
nil directions. With Incredible rapidity the
blazing spirits hooded down tbe piers. Ig
niting all In Its train. Horses urd trucks
were abandoned tn the mad haste to escape.
Wild FIlKbt for 1.1 1.
In every direction screaming men and
women scampered for their lives.
Ou board the ships the uproar was terrt
fng. Hushing up the sides of the pier
sheds the flames burst their way outward.
The great "teimers lay at the mercy of
the fire. Nearly every port in their flanks
was opened to the onslaught of the Barnes.
Their tarred rigging, their canvas awnings,
were tinder In the path. Their opened
hatches yawned for the burning brands and
a following explosion blew these blazing
fragments Into the vessels' very depths.
The pier where the Are started Is joined to
Its neighbor on the north by a covered drive
way. It acted as a funnel for the fire. In
a flash the Are had traversed this outlet and
Was selling -upon the cargoes p'led high
therein. In a minute not more than that
the second pier was doomed.
"Save the ships!" was the cry.
On the north was the old Thlngvalla
Line pier, just bought from that company.
On Its south side lay the Main, a brand
new steamship, valued at CXO.OV). and
with ft cargo of half a million In her hold.
South of her and on tbe north side of
pirr l was the Bremen. On the south side
of Pier 1 was tha great express steamship.
Kaiser Wllhelm der Grew, tha second
largest llr.er in the wo-ld. On the north side
of Pier 2 was the Saale, and the other piers
There are on nn average sis; hatches In
the decks of each of these ships. In each
batch were from twelve to fourteen men at
work. On the Kaiser Wllhelm was her
crew, a force numbrlng at hJst 4 men
On the Bremen was u force of 200 and on
the Saale 3C0 On the Matn we-e Io0 p.T
sors. In addition, a great throng of visit
ors was on every ship the frlrnd ar.d rel
atives of officer, sailor, steward and thii
The cry of warning passed forward, but
hardly before the flames.
Below. In the stoke hold and engine-room,
hundnsls of men worked, unconscious of
peril. Those on deck saw the lire on the
adjoining piers and looked at It In mild
curiosity. But hardly ha I they tnken one
look when they found the flames ri.arln?
across the 'tretcli l-etwrtu and sheeting
them with fire.
t'nexumpletl heroism marked the erews.
At the order to cavr the t'.n those oii
deck rushed to their quarters at the lines.
Airmail- the river outside was In a com
motion. A navy of tugs was ecurrvlng to
the rescue, scenting a prospect of salvage.
Lines were totstd to them, seamen ran
through the swirl of smoke and tlafne and
cast "IT their hawsers.
The spring lines dropped away and then
the fire, roaring skyward, shut In with Its
eurt-iln the tragedy working within.
The Kaiser Wllhelm was the first tn es
cape. Every effort had ben made to drag
hfr to safety, for many millions of dollars
were Invested In h-r giant hull and sumptu
ous cabin fittings. She drove slowly out in
to the stream, and as the emerged at this
snail-like pace, the fire le-iped forward and
she was ablaze In the bow.
Dejor.d were the Saale. tic Main anJ the
Bremen. IngulfeiL Herded on her decks,
frantic creatures ft.ught for life. Their al
ternative lay bt for them. Th-y must Jump
and tempt death ty drownlsg. v,r remain
Scores PcpM into the Hudson. Some
were rfs-us d by the passing t-Jgs. hut many
were drowned. The sallo-s of the Bremen
nlterarted to launch a Ilfel,at. but te rope
weTe burned before the boat reached the
surface of the water, and the occupants,
numbering, perhaps, a sror; Were precipi
tated Into the river. No help could reach
them, owlrg to the Intense heit. arid tl.os
who could not swim away from the burning
st'amer. were drowned.
As the Saale was hauled Into the streim
men wore seen at port holes waving hands
and shrinking for asslstanee. There was
nn escape for these unfortunates, and the
majority of them perished.
In tow" of tugs the Saale and Bremen were
dragged Into the stream, one a tierce mass
of flame, which went licking up masts and
funnels; the othtr with fire bursting from
every part of the overheated structure.
In the engine and tire rocm of the Ilremen
about thirty persons were Imprisoned. Some
of these managed to escape, but nineteen
men were Imprisoned In this compartment
while worklrg the bilge pumps. AH after
i.oon and until Iat to-night flrcboats were
pouring streams of water Into the hold of
the Bremen, which these unfortunates were
compelled to pump out In order to prvvent
death from drowning. To-night rescuers
are at work with cold chisels In an effort to
penetrate the steel bulkhead which confines
the gallant nluetein. ,
The ltremii was beaches! to-night on the
The Sial", accomranled by a fleet of blaz
ing bargs and lighters, drifted il.i-.vn the
stream with the ebbing tide, he.- co of
iirc-blistered tugs hotly at wo.-k with
such hose as they could bring to bJr in
the burning ship.
To-night the Saale Is a total wreck. How
many of her crew perished cannot now be
J detrrmln;d. but only thirty-seven men were
rrccutu out ui a loiai lorce oi ae,uui jzj
The stt-.-imshlp Main was burned at hr
pier in Hoboken, th tugs being uuabl? to
haul her from the scene uf tlie original
Meanwhile, the fljmes had spread from
the North German Llovd piers in tlol-okcj
to adjoining warehouses, factorps and
The local Ilremen were overwhelmed by
the magnitude or the fire, and but for the
assistance rendered by the tlreboats from
New York the property damage would have
been im.cli greater.
Dynamite was freely used to cheek the
progress of the flames, and this expedient
probably saved the city of Hoboken.
At dusk the whole water front was still
ablaze, but at this hour (midnight) the fire
Is under control.
The steamships Main and Saale had been
chartered by the Christian Endeavor So
ciety to carry Wo of Us members to London.
Noiie of the Endeavorers were on board,
however, as the vessels were not scheduled
to sail until July 3.
Flame' Hodden Outburst.
The flames started so suddenly and gained
such headway that the persons ou the piers
and em the numerous vessels docksl w-rt?
unable to reach the street. There? were
great gangs of workmen un the piers, and
these, together with a number of per'.is
who were at the docks on business and vis
iting the ships, scattered In all direction".
As all means of exit were cut off by :ne
flames, they were forced to jump overboard,
and It Is believed a great number we e
At the doeks of the North German Lloyd
were tbe Saale. a single-screw passenger
stenmshlp or 4,905 gross tons; the Bremen, a
twin-screw passenger and frlght steamer of
10.K5 tons, and the Main, u twin-screw
freight nnd passenger steamship of 10.3U0
gross tons. Th'y all caught lire and were
burned to the water's eslge.
Tho Kaiser Wllhelm tier Grosse, which
Tiad Just come In. was the only one of the
four big vessels at the dock that e"caped.
The less of the crews of these vessels Is
said to reach 100.
The tire was first discovered by a watch
man on the pier at 4 o'clock. He saw a
small streak of flame shoot from u bale of
cotton on pier No. X. at which was docked
the steamer Saale. He Immediately sent In
In a few minutes the ftameis had extended
to the steamship and were communicated to
the adjoining pier on the north. Here were
docked the Knlser Wilhelmn der Grosse and
the Main. Tugs were immediately made fast
to the big Kaiser WUhelm der Urorse. and
she wa got out into midatream with safety,
although badly scorched at the bows. The
steamship Main, however, was doomed, as
the flames had already become so fierce
on the north side of the pier that no tug
could approach the vessel.
Then, by a shift in -the wind, tbe flames
were sent In the direction of IMer No. L
which was to the south end of Pier No. 2.
To the north of Pier No. 1 was tbe dock
of the Hamburg-AmeTlcan Line, at which
the steamship Phoenicia, a twin-crew pas
senger stearriir of G.7S1 gross tons, was
docked. The flames got a good hold on the
Phoenicia and she was towed out Into mid
The flre. had by this time become so flfrce
that the officials of the Hamburg-American
Line decided that the only way to prejvent
a total destruction of their great pier was
to blow up the side of the dock at which tbe
Phoenicia lay, and thU was done. A num
ber of barges dnckrd at the pier also took
Are. but In the effort to save the other prop-
(Coatlaaed oa Pace Tea.)
For Mlasnnrl Pnrtljr cloudy 9 an day,
Tvllh warnirr In central and eastern
portions; probably thanderstorma
.sonday n Ik tit nnd Monday) sooth to
east winds anal aqnatla.
For Illinois riirlly clonals- Bandar.
Tilth showers In southern and west
ern porlleanst fresh to larlalc eaflferlir
nlnilst Monday lalieiwera.
Fair Arknnsas Fair and warsnei
Snnelny; showers Mondayi oatkerly
Ante-Conventlon News Summarized
s Page 1.
sr Mr. Bryan en the Issues Page L
Vice Presidency Candidates and Their
Pro-specti Page 1.
Views of Leaders on the Platform
4V National Committee New- Page Z.
s Missouri Delegates Page 2.
e A Study of Shlvely Page 2.
Stiver Republicans' Plans Page T.
4 Congressman Cummlngs's Review of
the Situation Page 7.
e) James Creelmnn on Mr. Bryan's
Views Page 7.
Interviews With Delegates who
s Passed Through St. Louis Last
sr Nlcht Page 7.
Ocean Steamships Burned Many Uvea
4. Mr. nnd Mrs. McKInley at Canton.
In Memory of I. 51. Rumsey.
Festival for the Orphans,
5. IV aiiia Mtn'siers Def Chinese Govers
Made a Bonfire Of Slot Machines,
8. June Weeldlngs Were Qulef.
Absence of the Summer Girl.
9. Society Gossip and Personal Notes.
Great Army of Idle Workmen.
10. Pushing Petitions for Arbitration.
Nome's Wealth is Overrated.
11. Purpose of the New Street Car Fraa
5Invors Fourth of July Proclamation.
Clover Leafs New Headquarters.
Bought by Santa Fe.
French Fete Celebration.
12. Baseb-tll Scores.
13. Results at th Race Tracks.
Washington Park Versus Turf Congresa,
Pennsy's 5leii Won "Varsity Race. r
11. Grebel Family Reunited by Death.
Ethical Culture Society Will Tata
Post Offices in Department Store.
Street Railway Fight in Chicago.
Fi eight Car Shortage.
1. Satterlce Won Miss Morgan.
Opportunity of the Young Man.
Roosevelt on the Spoils System.
Extra Session Not Needed.
Cubans Must Work or Starve.
2. Indians Take to White Man's Sports,
Descendants of Scottish Nobles.
She Laj.-ooed a Lion.
Divorced, but Didn't Know It.
"Original American" May Go to Parts.
She Tries Jlutrtmony Again.
2. With the Second Virginia at Bull Run.
The Bible Translated Into Scotch.
Forging Titles In Russia.
4. Disastrous Season for Baseball.
New Training System for Horses.
Commercial Travelers Indorse Demoo
5. The Ruhltn-Sharkey Fight,
A Man's Fight With His Own UnbellaH.
German Expert on China's FlxhtttaJ
Hotet on Wheels.
7. Prisoner Killed by Fear of Death.
Fifth Tragedy In tbe Family.
12. Transactions In Realty.
13. Financial and Commercial.
14. Fraternal Order News.
St. John's 51. E. Church May Move.
Club to Study Spanish.
Magazine Section. .
BIG BLAZE AT SIOUX FALLS..
Hotel. Bank und Husiness Block
Sioux Fulls. S. D.. June 30. The Cataract
House, the leading- hotel of this city, and
valued at JSO.OOO. was destroyed by fire, to
night, together with tbe Holllster block.
tbe Sioux Falls Savings Bank. Western
! Union Telegraph and American Express of
I flees. Holllsters Bank and several stores.
I The rest of the business portion of the city
wan saved with difficulty. The total loa
amounts to HW.0G0, paitlally Insured.
Hamilton-Brow Shoe Conapaar'a
Shipments for June, 1W .J MalUSt
Shipments for June. 1899 W,SeS.U
ia ill sx sts sUvsHlrsalH
Shipments for 1900 up to July l...fS,417JH'.4t.
Shipments for 199 up to July 1...
" T-rl Z-f m
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