Newspaper Page Text
THE REPUBLIC: SUXDAY, AUGUST 5, 1900.
TO-DAY'S NEWS IN BRIEF.
Discount rates were 5 to 7 per cent on
call and time loans. Clearances. $3,922,700.
balances. S367,50. New York exchange, luc
discount bid, par asked: Louisville, 23c dis
count bid, par asked; Chicago, 10c discount
bid. par asked; Cincinnati, 2.x dibcount bid,
par asked; New Orleans. 25c discount bid.
The local wheat market closed lower at
TlHc ii Aug. 710T,c b. Sept., 71?ic a.
Dec. Corn closed steady at 37c n. Aug .
3'lc b. Sept.. 32c Dec Oats closed at 20'-c
Aug . 20"-8c SepL
The local market for standard mess pork
closed auiet at $12 73. Prime steam ltrd
clo""d steady at 6 73c.
The local market for spot cotton closed
quiet and lower.
LOCAL AND SUBURBAN.
Street Commissioner V arrelmann
barged 600 laborers for want of funds to
Manager Atkinson has obtained a number
or unique attractions for this year': im
position. Bandmasters have decided to rel on the
citv to pa the bill-, ind tin re will bo
mtslc in the parks to-day
Joseph AV. Steiss performed a gallant act
at Forest Park in saving the 1U ol threo
bns who hid fallen into the lake.
I'eter Sclnumberg of No. AM Benton street
fell asleep in the North St. Louis railroul
yards and a train cut off his arm.
Mrs G V. Andrews, who was married to
G W. Andrews on April 4 and lived witn
him ten days, ins filed suit for dtvorce
The wreck of a freiRht car containing
watermelons. In South St. Louis gave
evervbody in the neighborhood a free feast.
Doctor Hatrv V. Kreodler of this city
Ins arrived In San rranclsco on bis waj jo
China, where he will serve with the United
A strance fate wpm to follow the family
of C. H. Bolgard of this city, live of whose
near relatives, have met a tragic ind within
the la"t four vears
Two men were forced to leave "White's
r staurant. on Olive street because they
wore no coats. A third, who hung his eoat
tip, was forced to put it on
John Thomas Bradv ."hot and killed Jim
Sproule, a negro porter n Manley's saloon.
Tnentj -first and Chestnut streets, in a
quirrel over an old grudge
Chief Campbell has taken definite steps
to stop dvnamlting. Unlor ofllcers were
ca''ed lefore him and notified that thev
would b held icsponslble for future ex
plosions. GENERAL DOMESTIC.
Tornado damaged crops and prorerty near
Giand Porks. N. D.
Whites in Georgia tjlan a constitutional
convention to restrict the negro vote.
Lovd J. Smith, former manager of the
Chicago Elevator Companj. indicted for
It appears that Yates has abandoned Tan
ner for Culloni. The Governor's machine is
trvlng- to force him back Into line.
Doctor Dillon S More of Xorthwood la .
rnded his life because he could not relieve
his wife, who is slovvlv dving of cancer.
A family feud led to a fierce battle be
tween the Harris and Dooley families at a
Dol Run. Mo. picnic. Two men were killd
and five persons wounded.
Right Reverend James A. McFaul, Bishop
of Trenton. N. J. asset t that the Catholic
Cluurch has been iliscnminated against in
Cuba and the Philippines.
Henry Gray was, caught In a balloon net
tlrg at Pana. 111. yesterday and caniei
2 W fet in the air. He clung to the netting
until the balloon came down. ,
The prosecution in the Powers cae gives
out a confession which it obtained from
Youfey. It is very sensational Youtse.
-ajs that he had money to be pild for Goc
liel's assassination. He Implicates Tavlor in
The Democratic nominee for President lias
completed the revision of hit, speech of
acceptance and Is ready to start on the
nip to Indianapolis next Mondav mnrnm-
He Till be accompanied by his wife and
ion. William. Jr.
Adlal E. Stevenson, Democratic nominee
for Vice President, was riven a hearty re
ceptlon on his return to his home at Bloom
uigton. III., yesterday. Mr. Stevenson made
a lengthy speech to his fellow -townsmen, in
reply to an add! ess of welcome.
The organization of an anti-trust league
by the commercial travelers and hotei
keepers of the Unitsd States s proceeding
with phenomenal rapidity, and already 60
X) members have been enrolled. It Is ex
pected that the league will cast rUW.ojo
votes for Bryan in the November election.
On August 1 a big- battle was imminent
near Tien-Tsln The 20,OpO allies were fac
ing 30.000 Boxers eight miles from the citv.
China has rejected the ultimatum of the
United States that the Powers be placed
In communication with the ministers in
The ' Chinese hav cut the canal and
Hooded the country between Tien-Tsin and
Pekin In an effort to prevent the advance
of the allies.
Senator Morgan siys that if he was run
ning the country he would call Congress
in extra session and enlist 100000 volunteers
for the work before us in China.
It Is understood that onlv- the United
Stiles. Japanese and British troops are
participating In the advance on Pekin, the
Russians and French having declined to
Tassenger travel from Texas is on the
Increase this summer.
The Peoria, Decatur and JIattoon was In
corporated, with a capital or S4.DOO.000.
The Illinois Central will increase the sala
riep of trainmasters and dispatchers 10 per
The heavy corn crop of Nehraska will
ledound to the interests of the Chicago,
Burlington and Qulncy.
W. H. Gleason has been appointed con
tracting agent of the Cotton Belt, with
headquarters at Houston. Tex.
A tabulated list has been prepared of all
the railroads in the United States and Can
ada having over 000 miles of tracks.
The Southwestern Passenger Bureau is
endeavoring to effect some changes in the
method of transmitting prepaid orders.
Heavy hitting by SU Louis' star sluggers
beat New York.
William Lt Casstdy, a prominent local
turfman, is seriously ill at his home, 3203
"Winners at the Fair Grounds: Fly Fire,
Quick Range. Branch, Tom Collins George
Arnold, Bohul and Lee King
Xcw Tork, Aug. 4 Arrived: New Yo-k
from Southampton and Cherbourg.
Hamburg. Aug. 4 Arrived: Pretoria from
New York; Fuerst Bismarck from New
JCew York, Aug. 4 Arrived: Campania,
New York. Aug. 4 Sailed: L, Lucken
bash for San rranclsco.
Genoa, Aug. 4. Arrived: Ems from New
York via Naples. Sailed: July .11, Iris.
San Francisco. Auet. 2. Kaiser Wllhelm
II. New York.
MoJI, Aug. 1 Sailed: Arab for Seattle.
Uv erpool. Aug:. 4 Sailed: Cj-rarick for
New York; 4th, Ktruria for New Y'ork.
Antwerp, Aug. 4 Sailed: Noordland for
New York, Ans. 4 Sailed: Maasdam for
Rotterdam via Boulogne; State of Ne
braska. Glasgow, Aug. 4. Sailed: Patricia for
Hamburc via Pl mouth and Cherbourg;
Umbria for Liverpool; Minneapolis for Lon
don; 'WerTa for Naples, etc.
Cherbourg. Aug. 3 Sailed: Auguste Vic
toria from Hamburg and Southampton for
New Y'ork; 4th, SU Paul from Southampton
for New Y'ork.
TOO LATE FOR CLASSIFICATION.
BOTS AND GIRLS WANTED Fifty boj s and
clrl-i to work on hop coat. by hand and sna
chlne; good pay wjlle learning. IMS CaBs nve.
CARRIAGE BLACKSMITH WANTED One
&rlat-e blacksmith. 213 X. Ninth su
F1NNET Ave. 1828 Nice front room for ladj
or jtentleman, eroplojed: with or without bOa.rd
itrlctly private larnllj- modern conveniences. ".
Japanese Minister Explains
Position of His Nation on
the Eastern Affair.
Washington, Aug. 4. Pursuing a policy
identic il with tint of the United States.
Japan is expected bv the administration to
play a prominent part In the events pre
liminary to tho settlement of the existing
Chinese question. Mr T.akahira, the new
Japanese Minister !'. Washington. In re
sponse to questions relative to the attitude
of Japan with respect to Chlni. siid to
jour correspondent to-night
"We hive no other aim with respect to
China than to act with the other Powers
in the interest of civilization You will re
call that in lS14-lai Japan hid trouble with
China lespecting Korea My Government
had no d. sir, prior to the declaration of
hostilities to become engaged in war with
"The PeKm Government lnd a tre
mendous armv whose strength lnd never
been te-led. and r stiong nivy. and
though the Korean question was a constant
sore in her side. Japan endeavored by everv
honorable means to avoid a conflict Her
efforts were uiiscuccessful. and with gre it
reluctance and hesitation w were com
pelled to obtain a decision of the question
"The eisr with which our foops defeated
the Chinese was entirelv unexpected China
found it necessarv to accept our terms and
she then indicated tint she was dlspost d
to open her doors to the hie is of the Wis.,
SIX HUNDRED CHRISTIANS
MASSACRED AT HU-NAN.
Venerable Bishop and His Three Assistants Butchered With
Native Converts by Government Troops Sent to Pro-
tect Them Slaughter Took Place in Church.
Tli.- Republic Kiirfiu
Htli 5-t ml IV-ins' liania Vve
Washington, Aug. 4. Particulars of the
horrible mas re of some of the members
of the l'inne! "can Older b Boxers anil
Chinese soldiers have been received at the
Prtnciscan monasterv neir this citv.
Thoe put to de'ath vveie a veneinble
Bishop and his tluee assistants, toguhei
with about U) native Christians '1 he out
rage occurred at the City of llu-,in Jul
I Th chief pi elate Killed was Anthonv
Pantosati. Bishop of Antien and lt-ar
Apostolic of Hu-Xan
Tile letter which brought the horrltving
neve -i was fioni a high oflicial of the Fran
ciscan order In Borne It was stated th.it,
for some time previous to the murders
Bishop Pantosati hid been fearing in u
taek upon his Cathedral by the Boxers. He
therefore appealed to the Chinese Govern
ment for pioteVtlon and thev sCnt w-j sol
diers, ostensibly for the purpo-o of pro
tecting him and those under his charge-.
The Bishop and his afc-.istants were so
p'cssed-'nt this action of the Government
that they arranged to have a great cele
bration on the dav xeferred to and due
notice of the programme was given Ac
corelinglv the Cathedral was crowded, about
one-half of the audience being women.
Urvouri'il IIiO''- Liver nnel Hcurt.
At a given signal, the troops, who had be
ceiine fraternized with the Boxers, surrounel
ed the sacred e-ditlce and clost d all the
means of exiU Next th
Bishop, and. aftei torturing him in a hor
rible manner, elecapitatcd him 'lh-v .ilso
cut out his liver and heart, the letter states,
and actuallv dcvouied them His head was
placed on a pole as a troph In fiont of
the Viceiov's palace
One of the Bishop's assistants who was
killed was a joung man who graduated
from a theological seminary last summer,
and was only recently ordained to the min
Istrv. The Bishop and his assistants having been
disposed of. the attention of the villains
was directed to the assembled company,
which was composed milnlv of native
uie letter savs that the women were out- I
i.ihcu .urn uie uuiiumg see on nre, and that
not a single person escaped with his or her
life, those not burned to death being killed
by their assailants with the sword as th-y
attempted to flee from the burning building
The writer of the letter savs that he i3
afraid that what Is above recited is onl. the
beginning of the troubles and persecutions
which await the missionaries and native
The letter goes on to state that before
tho death of Bishop Fantacti there weru
nine Franciscan Bishops in China These
had under them 124 friars, and the total
number of converts was 10D.3S0 out of a pop
ulation of S.t.WO.CiO while the Bishop of
Hu-Hn reported .",GT0 converts, out of a
population of 10 000000.
In the nine Pranciscan -vicariates or di
oceses In China there were, when the let
ter was written a couple of weeks ago, sev
eral hundred churches and missionary sta-
CHINESE CONSUL MENACED.
Yang Wai Pin at Honolulu Forms
Guard to Protect Him.
Honolulu, July 27, v ia San rranclsco, Aug.
4 The news form China has greatly stirred
the Chinese here. Yesterday Yang Wai
Pin, the Chlrese Consul, made an appeal to
the Government for personal protection,
sning that he had received anonymous let
ters threatening his life. He accuses the
Bow Wong Wul. or Chinese Reform Soclclj,
of having made the threat8. The Bow
Wongs are the element opposed to the Em
press Dowager and desirous of having a
liberal pro-foreign policy In the Empire.
They formed their societies here under the
leadership of Leung Chi Tso. the exiled re
former, and the Consul here sent to China
the names of those who became members.
As i result the relatives of the Honolulu
Bow Wongs were cast Into prison in China,
and feeling against the Consul runs high.
One of the letters that frightened Yang Wai
Pin referred to his action in sending the
names of Bow Wongs to the Imperial Gov
ernment and told him that he would be
killed for doing to
Ihe Consul and Vice Consul, Goo Tim,
have made purchases of weapons, organized
a guard at the Chinese Legation and se
cured tho protection of the Honolulu police.
Two officers are kept constantly at the le
gation. Yang Wai Pin made no official celebration
of the birthday of the Emperor of China this
j ear, but tho Bow Wongs got up a celebra
tion of their own. The Consul gave as a
reason for not holding the usual celebra
tion that he had been Instructed not to
have any by Minister Wu at Washington.
It has been his custom to hold a large re
ception at the consulate.
German residents of Honolulu, through
Consul J. F. Hackfeldt. have offered 2cK)
men for the Chinese war, the movement
having been started as soon as news came
of the murder of the German Minister at
Pekin. Other nationalities are taking the
same steps. Honolulu has over a thousand
men who want to go to China and fight.
The offer of thcl- services goes by the
steamer Pekin to-daj.
especially those which pi omised the reform
J of her military and educational Institutions
During the last three or four years she his
been sending to Japan military and naval
omceis, ror tlio puropse of observation, and
students to acquire milltaiy and civil e.du
eition in Japan I think tint more than 201
Chinese students were In Japan bc'ore th"
present trouble began
"Mv Government has sttawn Its willing
ness to aid China In every possible wav In
the Interest of iur own prosperltv it Is ex
pedient tint we should be surrounded with
mighbors equally advanced in civilisation .is
The education of China would mean that
she would throw open her tcrrltorv to the
commerce or all n itIon and ii. this wnv
the whole world, lmluding Japan, would be
"Chin i is a countrj which, to our regret.
i 1 icking in organization She has a 1 irge
population, her people- are intelligent and
possess inanv esc"lli nt dualities, but her
lack of organization prevents her from pur
suing a iied poliej, both internallv and e-ter.nllv-
It seems that the present trouble
Is due to this absence of organiz ition to
the changes following th rise of successive
parties to power.
"After the degradation of Li Hung Chang,
n few vearsngo. it was said new Ministers
came into power, and until the existing
trouble began the more progressive among
them foimed the TMing LI Yamen, and. In
accord nice with their advice, the foreign
pollcv was conducted as It had been prior
to their advent The progressive pirty
tions There were aI-o nine souiinniies with
H5 stminari tns, likewise "U schools and
tvvent -seven oiphan asv lums During tho
last jear 4T,,Jt pagan children were bap
tized. There were. In the same period, 9 0S1
converts and ." 122 catechumens or persons,
under Instruction Twelve thousand one
hundred and seventv-llve children were put
In oiphan asylums or In native schools, or
in the hands of Christian families.
Torture- of CnteehlHt Ann.
In another letter, which has been received
at the monaster, the writer of which Is
Chen Long, an e mintnt Chinaman, partic
ulars are given of the murder by Boxers
of C.ttechist Nan. an assistant to the
prie'ts, ,ml which Is a sample of the way
in which ."."i0 others were put to death
Aftei being stripped of his lothing and
bound, he was asked-
"Are uu a Christian-"
"I am." was the reph
Then one eir was cut off.
A second time the inquliv was made in ihe
same words as before, and aguln he de
clared he was a Christian, and his other
ear was severed " l
The third time lie was jsked:
"Are vou still a Christian''' and. his reply
being in the aiiirm itive, the unfortunate
man's head vva severed from tho bod v.
In a private letter to a meinbet of the
Pranciscan order here Father Zono Moult
ner. who Is a misslonarj In China, writes:
"Whence comes all this inveteiate perse
cution of the Christians In China?" And
then he goes on to answer his own ques
tion. "It comes from tin hatred of the
great nidjoritv of the Chinese to everv thing
that Is foreign, which, he savs, has been
known for vears" Proceedlua, the writer
Snperstltions of the Kuiintle'H.
"The secret societ of ths 'Great Knife,'
which has recentlj come to be known as the
Boxers, claims th u a sphlt whom tht
adore descends and operates upon them m
such a way that thej are not responsible
for their actions Possessed by tills spirit,
thev sax thev are Invincible and Invulner
able. Disdaining the use of weapons In
which powder is used, they tight only with
the sword and spent. Thev claim to have
banded together for protection against rob
bers, but soon thev threw off the mask and
honed that their true purpose was the ex-
ti.einr. t .-,,. ri.viEii .isotnc ir, fv.it-
piroxvsms of fanaticism their faces take
on an ashtn hue. their ev es start from their
sockets and theii voices become hoarse and
"The Boxers of three heathen villages, in
order to spiead their propaganda, invited
the residents of a neighboring village to
meet with them on a day appointed and
witness the descent of their 'spirit' When
the time for the meeting arrived, the com
mons in the neighborhood of the meeting
place swarmed with people In spite, how
ever, of the most desperate exertions on the
part of the Box-crs. the spirit did not ma
terialize, and the meeting ended in a gen
"Soon after this the Boxers descendeel on
203 Chrlstl in settlements and urged the In
habitants to denj their faith, and. when
they refused, burned all their property, not
a single house being allowed to escape tho
RUSSIANS NOT DISLIKED.
Chinese Hate Other Nations, Snys
a Siamese Diplomat.
SPECIAL BY CABLE.
Paris August 4 -(Copyright. 1500. by W.
R. Hearst.) Prince Phyn Suriva Nav.atr.
the Minister Plenipotentiary of Slam In
France, in the course of conversation to
"In spite of our proximitj to China, Slam
is more interested In European affairs than
In thoc of the Celestial Empire. Natur
ally, we watch the attitude of the United
States, because we have a treaty of friend
ship with jou. You have ulwajs treated
"It is the secret societies that caus all
the trouble in China, for they are of a
political, rev olutlonary character, and not
philanthropic as are most secret societies
in the United States. Should war come,
the Boxers will take no prisoners. This is
doubtless what the Emperor of Germapy
had in mlnel when he made his famous
speech to the soldiers the other day.
"The Chinese are not a fighting people.
We have about a million of them in HIam.
Whenever there Is a riot among them, a
few soldiers suffice to disperse thousands
"Russia's interests in China are enormous
She eems to be taking the lead in tho
present trouble. Her financial loss will be
severe, owing to the destruction of the
railway and tho injury to the enterprises of
the Russo-Chinese Bank. She has about
100,000 soldiers In China and in the neigh
borhood. The Chinese do not dislike the
Russians, but they decidedly hate other
Europeans. Under ordinary circumstances
the chief contention with regard to China
would be between England and Rus'la, but
the BritlBh do not seem to be able now to
spare many soldiers. The Chinese seem to
have taken the Powers by surprise, and the
latter have hardly recovered from It jcl."
MR. SPRAGUE SAYS
Notice the linen at the Delicatessen Lunch
Rooms. It's snow-white and good quality. J
TO CIVILIZE CHINA.
I Future Attitude
by China's Action in the
wa. however, defeated and replaced, by
another on June 10, if I remember cor
rectlv "On th.it verj d.iv telegraphic communi
cation between Tien-Tsin and I-ckin was
interrupted, and on the following day the
telegraph line connecting Pcltin with the
overland Russian telegranh was broken
The advance of the second detachment of
allied troops sent to guard the forelcn le
gations in Pekin was opposed by Chinese
troops and the column was forced to re
turn to Tien-Tsln It Is apparent, there
fore, that the ctnnge of policy on the pnrt
of the Goernment had m ch to do with
the attitude of the people toward foreign
ers "But all these are onlv inferences drawn
from the meage- telegraphic reports I have
seen, ard It mav be that when full particu
lars ,ne obtained tho eircumstanc. will
cause them to change It c innot. therefore,
be sti.i win, certalntv that It will ! Im
possible for the rulers ot China to rume
the relations thev enjojed with the Powcr3
1 efore the present troub'e began.
"It Is to be hoped th it the statesmen of
China and the representative!.' of the Im
periil Government abio d will acquaint the
throne with the luadvisabilitv of opposing
the milium expedition sent to relieve the
legations In Pekln. The adoption of such a
course by the Chinese in power will lesson
the horror of the outrages already com
mitted by lawless people.
"Should the advance of the expedition be
unopposed, I ,m hopeful that the Powers
tint are friendlv to China will show their
AMBROSE BIERCE WRITES
OF CURRENT EVENTS.
Describes an Anarchist as "An Idiot With an Opportunity"
Secretary Hay's Friend, ths Empress Dowager
What Conger Probably Thinks.
BY AMBROSE BIERCE.
Washington. D -. Aug 4 -(Copvilghl,
1900. h W. R. Hearst )-King Humbert's
assas-inatlon does not mark the beginning
of the end of "monarchlal Institutions " It
is not a prophec of doom to the reign of
law and power and authoritv. The killing
ef Kings Is no new lndustrj ; it is as ancient
as the race. Alwavs and everv where per
sons in high places have been the assassin's
piev We have ourselves lost two Presi
dents bv murder. If an-, thing is new in
this present activitv of the. regicide (we lout
a comprehensive name for him) it is found
In the choice of victims The contcmporaiy
'avenger" sjajs not the merelv gieit. but
the good and the inoffenMve. An Ameiican
President who struck the chains from mll
llo.is of slives; another who had not enough
character to do Intelligent wrong If he had
desired: a Russian Czai who, against the
will and work of his own powerful nobles,
had freed their serfs; a Trench President
from whom the French people had received
nothing but good; a powerless Austrian Em
press, whoe weight of sorrows touched the
world to tears; a blameless Italian King,
beloved of his people; such is the recent
recorel of the regicide a record whose evciy
si.mj ,s ,i. i.iit- ,ii uiiaiuy uiiieuecu eiv one
circumstance ot justice, decencj or good In
tention This unbroken unfi -ntv of nialtvedf nce
in the choice eif victims Is nut without sly
n 'nance. It point- uiani I ik.iblv to two
facts. First, that the sdeuions .; rndc,
' ot bv the ass.isctij Snimsdv--, out bj
come central control in icces-ible to indl
vldual preference and unilticted by the
fortunes of lt- Instruments, second, that
'ncrc is a consistent i irp -e to manifest
mi an!asor.im, not to individual rulers; n-t
to anj -jstem of geHCiiiiuin but to Gov
ernment. It Is a war. n. t ill en t' ne in au
thoritv, but upon AuuiorMj. The lssLe is
defined, the allgmtnt nu i, the I i 12 ;et:
Chaos against order, Jti'.liv ic unt law.
Choose je this dav w "r.i " will se:ve.
In one of the dispatches concerning King
Humbert's assassination the suggestion is
made th it It was due o the li-nllj with
which It j custotnarj to tieat ihe crltripals
who attempt such crimes ind fill; an In
stance beiiig the iccent release of th" oung
lase-al i. no tried to shoot the Prii'ie ot
Wales Repcatceilj, persons ati icl.ing ijuccn
Victoria have, through hei intervention,
been given light punishment, and King
Humbert himself commuted the death sen
tence of a prev!ou as"iilant ind pensioned
his mother. Such mercj sems to b due to
the Illustrious victim's dnsir to seem mag
nanimous thercoj ei-ipliasi7n ; Ihe lafa.i.y
of the crimes and propitiating ambitious
As well trv lo piopitiate l.attlcsn ike. In
dealing with legieid.s, wi c. uno. a- even
great-hearted Aoltjlre advNeJ. revert to the
discredited method if plijsioil ti.ttuu 1 ut
to show them inen-j is a slr. Aniuhlsm
will be got under, as. In its Immemorial war
upon soclclj, erlme In ev tv age and coun
try Is got under evintualb The crim'nal
Is merely a fool, innsiJeiod under another
aspect an Idiot with an oppoituiiily To
such, ns to the dui.ces who plav a; laio.
It seems alwajs that thej can " eat tho
game." and som.l-ncs It happens tiit one
of them makes a winning: but the game Is
never beaten Society, which keeps the 1 1
blc, is nlwnvs victorious In 'he enc
It seems llkeiy, though, lint w- shall have
to alter the rules of the game lo obtain a
I suggest that thej be alUr'-d in this wav:
Free speech Is a good thint, or i bad, ac
cording to what Is spoksa V do not,
even In this lawless -orntrj, allow it to
those engaged In Instigating murder or in
citing a riot; why nllow it to tms promot
ing nnarchv, which entails both? He who
denies the authoritv ot lav 'ias no cl ilm to
Its protection, him who wou'd n'-crlhieivv the
state, the state may rightly overthrow.
That Is self-protection, "the first law ot
nature." In all other cases the state can
afford to await the act; In this It shou'd
punlsh-the word: not win: the man does,
but what he Is disclosed by what he saj.s.
And the punishment should fit the crln-e.
The offender should be "set fre t-ora ila'ly
contact with the things he loathes" ban
ished, made a wanderer "on alien shores
and unfamiliar seas, ' a "man without a
country." For mercv wc can Imogj the
use of the branding h on.
In considering the Englishman as a hus
band, my distinguished collal or.ttor, Mrs.
O'Rell, makes the amazing statement that
"his honejmoon lasts a month." About Kv
long would he expect a honey month to Ijst?
If a man docs not know that In the word
"honeymoon" "moon" means month, I won
der what he can think It means what kind
ot conception the phrase "pass the honey
moon" has the honor to give him. About a
dozen times a week I observe this wm-d
used to denote all sorts of periods of time,
our books and newspapers are full of the
ridiculous solecism. But Max O'Rell is
French; one expects better things of him
Egad! I begin to suspect that the fellow
knows our language no belter than we.
General Dorward, who commanded the
British and American contingents at the
battle of Tien-Tsln, blames himself for a
mistake that he made In placing our Ninth
Will Be Decided
svnipath. and assist her in returning to the
peace and quiet she enjoyed before the
present trouble began.
"Japan's policy his alvvajs been to lead
China into a path of civilisation and to open
the Empire, to the cominuee of the world
"Japan will be willing to use her influence
In the event ml settlement eif the existing
question In the interest of China. She has
ever been opposed to the partition of China
and will be the first to resent such a sUK
"In other vvoids, she favors the mainte
nance of the integrity or China and the
preservation of the o-eaiIrd open door, her
policy In these respects being similar to
that of the United States, Great Britain
and other Powers All this depends, how
ever, upon what Chir.i will do at this very
moment, or within the next few- days.
"There has been a disposition in some
quarters to misrepresent Japan's military
preparations nut the Emperor has not
failed to pay as much attention to Japan's
moral and eelucatlonal advancement as to
the development of her military and naval
'The success of Japan in so quicklv
achieving Western civilisation mun be
credited to the hard work of several gen
erations, and, as Japan remembers very
well .hat in her struggle for all these
achievements she has alwavs enjoyed the
Kvmpithv and assistance of the United
States. Ore it Britain and other European
countries, she will he glid to make herself
useful In the work or civilization and
Regiment. That Is unpiofesslonal most un
militaiv' Let him be lecalled forthwith;
we cannot afford to have our soldiers In
China led bj Generals who err and confess
it. Still one would somehow rather have
them led In Geneial Dorwnrd than bv Gen
General Doiwards eiroi is the. second in
sttnee I ever have heaid about of a miii
tarj commander going wrong; it is alwavs
another commander who eloes that. At the
battle of Chickamiuga, in our Civil War,
one of General John M. Palmers brigades
was ealnmltouslj. done up because he sent
it where there was no good place for It.
In his olhclal report he exhausted the pos
sibilities of candor bv saving: "I now p. r
eelve this to have been a mistake." Com
pare el with the unearthly distinction of be
ing tho only othctr of thit great war who
made a mistake, the blushing honors of a
defeated candidate for the presidency are a
wan and sickly glorj. General DorwardS
attempt to wedge himself In and share the
admiration Is one which the veteran should
studv to resist with his energetic list."
T.T "ere are humorists In Europe, and wnen
.,? I,umbert was assassinated thej all
Piled about the other end of the cable to
-e e the s.iel news. Among them thy suc-
w.? V" lrak!n" U "- cheerful. We
learn, for example, that when the assassin
caeuu.o Urecl. dl Paterson, N.
arrested, 'ho hiQ-o.i ,.,.,... .. .
clinched teeth" that he had w ..,., -.V,
Ameiica and hud p ,ssed a dav at Bolon i
Cons-do, nK ,,. atUre of this frishtful
malediction, it H rather surprising that
when elclivering it he did not rattle as well
as hiss But that Is made clear by a humor
ist In Iateison, who knows him well, and
snvs He has "a quiet manner" some vhjt
Sln'm mJVV'o" 'l of U,e Ke"t'cman of
whom .Mr. Bret Haite explains that
Ile 'brown "'n ""rCa,;lc n,an- '" tiulet Mr.
And en -fier.il occasions lie Ind eleine-d out the
town Signor Brescl
a close friend.
It seems, had In Paterson
another anarchist nm sin.
weavei, named Carbon! Speruidi. who had
himself been "selected by lot" to kill King
Humbct But Signor Sperandi was poor
and could not afford the expense of a voy
age to Italy; "so he killed his foreman .n
stcad" v. hereby Justice was partlv satis
fied and the "Sacred Cause" advanced at
hast a little He then committed suiide
which proves that one who feels that he!
cannot afford the advantages of forei-n
tiavel may nevertheless be willing to meet
the cost of a elomestic funeral. All together
the somber canvas of the Humbert incident
is not unlllumined with hcie and there a
touch of light. Posed by a genuine humor
ist against a black background of tragedy
j rai -.--.mu-uut- anarcrist is as runny as a.
vi icic snip.
To what extent the Chinese Government
is lmpllcnteel in the so-called "Boxer" out
rages is a matter on which opinions differ.
Perhaps we mav be assisted to a determina
tion of it bv nn Interview with a member
of the Chinese Legation in Lonelon, pub
lished in Wednesday's ,ikp itches Speaking
of Sir Robert Hart, the celestial diplomat
says, with hardy or unconscious candor:
"I tried hard to get a cipher telegram
from him. At last Sheng told me the lega
tions were surrounded .end it was Impossi
ble to get in or out without permission of
me inrone. l immediately applied to the
Throne and hope to get permission In a few
So It appears that the'army surrounding
and killing the Icgationers recognizes the
authority of "the Throne." A pass from
tho Emperor or Empress Dowager assures
ngress to and egress from the place of
death But. in Secretary Hay's opinion, "tho
Throne" is our good friend, anxious but
unable to protect our countrymen. And ac
cording lo President McKlnlev but Presi
dent McKinley has gone to Canton. O . and
etui not take his convictions
The Chinese o'Ir. whose forces fe.ght
back Admiral Seymuu- ana attacked and
surrounded the legili nn In rcl.ln Is the
ferocious Genual Ti.ng -uh Si.aug.'of him
the same mmber of the Chinese legation In
London Is plivil ;o sav:
"General Tung Kuh Slang 's kuoivn to he
anti-foreign in nis sentimns. but we can
not dispense with his s vlcs"
Minister Conger would lie w.IIIng tc dis
pense with the genti'mau's scrv'ees. prob
ably, and we are sending a tiumbsr cf per
sons up thcie to assist hirn in doing s0. It
is to be hoped tn"v will not be ruJe to our
friend, the Empen.r. nor do anything to
annoy our frienl. the Empk2ss Dowiger.
That would be disagreeable to Secretary
Hay and might provoke a great convulsion
of nature in Canton, O.
Services Over the Dead King Xext
Thursday at Rome.
Rome, Aug. 4. The date of King Hum
bert's funeral has been definitely fixed for
Thursday next, August 9.
NOT WELL GUARDED.
Charged That Carelessness Permit
ted the Murder.
Milan, Aug. 4. Signor Asteny o, backed by
public opinion, intends to Interpellate tho
Government, claiming that Insufficient care
was taken to protect the late King Humbert.
100 N. Fourth
City Passenger Agent.
Relief Columns' Road to Pekin Beset by Almost
Insurmountable Obstacles Horde of
Armed and Hostile Chinese.
With the railways destroyed, the roads
utterlv Inadequate, bridges removed, many
swamps, the river blocked, fords necessary
at many places and a dense hostile popu
lation to confront them, the advance of the
allies from Tiii-Tsin to Pekin promises to
be an immensely difficult undertaking, even
without counting largely on the resistance
offereil by Chinese troops and Boxers.
The details as to the plan of campaign
have not been allowed to become public,
and even the exact route taken by the In
vading armv. its size and its composition
are still matters largely of speculation, ex
cept for the secret information of the Gov
ernments represented In the movement.
Not only have the Invaders to march
through a practically roadless country, nor
mally flooded by the rains of this month,
and with the usual Inundations increased
bv the breaking of the dikes on the Pel Ho
River for that purpose, but they must, abovQ
all, maintain their line of communication
with Tien-Tsin, through which their sup
plies are derived, against an enemy with a
supply- of soldiers vast In numbers, what
ever may be thought of their efficiency as
Added to all these difficulties is the hardly
less serious one found in the miscellaneous
character of the force. In which there must
be friction, making it far less -valuable than
would be the homogeneous army of one na
tiem acting under a single strong command.
.Men who know China well say that al
though the language of the country has no
word for patriotism, racial fidelity is won
derfully strong among Its people and that
it will be far more difficult to obtain In
formation of the country and the enemy's
movements than It would be were the in
vaders ilrallng with Caucasians.
One of the minor difficulties of the army's
diversity of race ami command Is the ne
cesitv which it involves for Individual food
and ammunition "upplles. This, In the ca--e
of the British Indian e'ontingent. will be ag
gravated by the presence of men who re
quire different kinds of food, according to
caste belief of each division.
Admiral Dewey, discussing the operations
in China recently, said:
"The roads in China are very" much like
those In Luzon. Before the railroads con
necting Tien-Tsln and Pekln was built
transportation was primitive. Visitors to
Pekin v.cre conveyed in carts over narrow
roads to their destination."
Of the Chinese as fighters, ne said:
'I did not think much of them when I
was in the East, but it may he that thsy
consider thev are lighting for their honr's
and will vigorously oppose the allied
Colonel Shlgncta. the military attache of
the Japanese Legation In Vienna, who is
thoroughlv familiar with the country,
speaks ef the region to be traversed between
Tien-Tsln and I'ekin as Including a dense
STIRRING INCIDENTS OF
THE SIEGE OF TIEN-TSIN.
British Middy's Daring Work Upset Chinese Plans Military
School Stoutly Defended by Students.
San Francisco, Aug. 4 According to Ja
panese papers, refugees arriving at Kobe,
Japan, from Tien-Tsln give interesting dc
t ills of incidents occurring there between
June 15. w hen the Boxers first appeared, and
June 23. when the allies entered the city.
The most determined fighting of the siege
was .it the military school, which was cap
tured by Major Luka, with two or three
A stout defense was- made, but inside of
hair an hour the allied troops had climbed
the walls and forced the gate, the military
students retiring to a large room upstairs,
from which they maintained a galling flre.
Refusing to surrender, some sixty or seven
ty barricaded themselves in and made a
last stanel there; anel when an English blue
jacket battered In the door with an ax they
shot him dead and served another in like
fashion before the attacking force got in
nnd bayonetted the whole lot. The place
was set on tire before the allied force with
drew and burned for an hour or two, amid
constant explosions of cartridges.
Among the casualties In the settlements
were two eleaths In the household of Tong.
Director of Railways This well-known
Chinese official's wife and daughter sought
safety In the residence of Chang Fee Mov.
the Director of Mince and Railways. This
house was hit five times by shells from
the fort, and one shell exploded near Mrs.
Tong. carrying away both the unfortunte
lady's lego. Her daughter also was killed
the same day.
A Volnnicer'-i III el o.
On June 20 the authorities decided to senel
a messenger to Taku for help. For thl3
pcrlllous undertaking Mr. Watts (of the
Tien-Tsln Volunteers), volunteered. He set
out. accompanied by three Ocssacks. After
a hard, exciting ride, during which they
were frequently pursued, the party arrived
safely at Taku, having taken twelve hours
to cover the distance twenty-eight or
thirty miles by road. On this date it was
found that the ammunition was getting
scarce, and orders were given to reply
charily to the evening's fire, June 21.
Six junks were sighted floating down the
river, evidently with the Intention of form
ing a bridge for Chinese soldiers to cros3.
Fire was opened on them as they ap
prtAched and the occupants driven below,
and as they came nearer a young British
middy got on board two, possibly three, of
the craft and set flre to them. That at
tempt of the enemy failed, therefore.
Heavy firing went on all day long from,
the fort, and musketry flre from across the
river. The French concess!on, which was
exposed on three side?, suffered terribly,
and the Secretary of the rrench Municipal
Council was killed. He was speaking to a
French officer when a shell fell and explod
ed, killing two or three persons.
Tito ArrentM Maelc.
A good deal of stir was- caused the next
day by the arrest of two Influential Chinese,
Chang Yi Mow and Tong, suspected of cotn-
iamicatlng with the Chinese troops outside
Good Going August 8th and 15th.
Return Until September 30th, 1900.
ALL RAIL THROUGH CM LINE.
Train Leaves 1 P. 1$
J. M. CHESBROUGtf,
Assistant General Passenger Agent.
growth of Indian corn, in a country with n
fit roads, and with many rivers to ford, thi
bridges having probably been removed by
For Its water supply, in the complete ab
sence of wells, the allies will be wholly de
pendent upon the Pel-Ho River. Its water
is turgid and yellow, but is almost Instanta
neously cleared by- the immersion of a plecs
of alum, which at onco precipitates the mat
ter In suspension.
Above Tien-Tsin the Pei-Ho Is navigable
for only very- light-draught -vessels, and its
windings are so many and so sharp that
hawsers arc required to enable craft of any
length to round many of Its more acute
It 13 believed that, notwithstanding th
obstructions placed In the river by the Chi
nese, the invaders will make some use of it
for transportation, a considerable number
of specially-constructed junks and other
boats being available at Taku and Tien
Tsln. Areas of ground suitable for campirg a
large force will be found very rare, even
the comparatively small Anglo-French force
of some 4,000 men, in 1S60, having found It
necessary to advance in detachments to
overcome this difficulty.
W'atsr transport was largely used by that
force and a flotilla of Junks wa3 sent up to
Ho Si Wu. fortv miles above Tien-Tsin.
where a depot of supplies was establlsheill
While there Is encouragement for th. ..
cess of the present enterprise In the ab-
" Ul -urmiaaoie resistance, the allies'
in 1560 required nearlv a -nnnfl- rn -,.!-
journey, having started from Tien-Tsln on
September 8 and reaching the capital on
October C. It must be remembered, more
over, that the military resources ot China
te-day are far greater than they were then:
that the people as a whole are now more
seriously inflamed; that the difficulties of
the expedition are increased In several re
spects by Its greater size, and that the re
sult of a reverse would be so terrific that
whenever possible risks must be avoided.
This season, too. 13 almost tne worst that
could have been chosen, the rainfall at this
time of the year not infrequently- amount
ing to ten or more inches a day. The period
of rain is generally over before the end of
August, however, and with September
comes a change to very cold nights. In
creasing as the year ages, u-jtll In. winter
It Is no uncommon occurrence for deiths
to result from frost In the streets of Tuatr
Chow. Fevers are said to prevail in the district
to be covered, as well as opthalmia and
cutaneous disorders, but the European
forces In 1SG0 had good health during their
After Tung-Chow has been reached, the
difficulties of the remaining twelve miles or
so will be greatly diminished by a granite
paved road to Pekln. which, although filled
with ruts and In bad condition. Is Incom
parably superior to the other tracks, and.
is never flooded.
by means of carrier pigeons. It was after
wards found that Chang and Tong were ar
rested without cause. Tho behavior of soma
of the civilians who wero under arms and
who conducted the bluejackets when they
went to arrest Chang was disgraceful, ona
person firing off his rifle in the mandarin'!
house and telling him in the most manda
tory manner that he was being taken away
for execution. A lot of valuables Inslda
were looted. Chang was the most pro-foreign
of till the Chinese about Tien-Tsin. and
Is known to have written to Pekln before
communication was cut off urging the Au
thorities there, whatever else they did to
be sure to give the Ministers of the Powers
a safe passage out.
Although scarcelv any civilians suffered
during the bombardment of the city by th
Chinese, scarcely a night passed without
one or two of the defending force being
killed. One young Russian officer was shot
dead by a Chinese, of whom ho had de
manded a passport. The Chinaman showed
his passport with one hand and with th
other drew a revolver and shot the officer
anel two men dead, falling himself by a
well-directed shot Immediately afterwards.
After that no Chinese without Europeans
were allow eel on the streets, under penalty
of being shot at sight.
BRITAIN'S NEW WAR LOAN.
Eager Bidding by Americans Ow
ing to High Interest.
New- Tork. Aug. 4. So great was the de
mand for the new British war loan that
before 11 o clock this morning one of the
United States agents announced that sub
Fcrlptions already received would no doubt
call for halt of the entire 10.000.000 i-su.
Another of the banking houses named in
vesterday's Bank of England circular an
nounced itself ready to take all the bends
If there was any likelihood of such a prep
osition being entertained abroad. To-dhv's
subscriptions came from insurance com
panies, corporations, and private hob'cra
anxious to exchange United States Govern
ment bonds for the new Issue on accoimt
of the higher interest rate on the English
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