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WHAT THE ST. LOUIS
SUMMER GIRL IS WEARING. "
Bright photography and chatty
I In St. Loan
In St. l.oals. One Cent.
ST. LOUIS, MO., SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 1900.
. i.oai. two (.emu.
HINA. PEIIIN CAPTURED; MINISTERS SAVED.
Victorious Allies Fight Their Way Into the Chinese
Capital anil Immediately Sur
American Officers Re
6. port Battles Around
Tien - Tsin.
The most attractive of half
ones, the brightest and most
engaging as to subject, will be
ound in next
Colonel Meade and Maj or
Waller Describe the
British General Accords
High Honor to Ameri
Washington. Aug. 17. The Navy Depart
ment to-day made public tho reports of
Colonel Robert L. Meade and Major L. "W.
T. Waller of tho United States Marino
Corps on tho batle of TIen-Tsin. They give
not enly a graphic account of this Initial
engagement In the Chinese- campaign, but
furnish ths Information with official exact
ness. Colonel Meade's report la dated at Tien
Tsln. July lfi. After telling of the situation
around Tien-Tsln and of the decision, on
July 17. at a conference held nt the Eng
lish General's heaniuarters, to attack the
city about daybreak the next day. Colonel
Meade's report. In describing the early fight
ing. In whlih the marines and Ninth In
fantry took such a gallant part. Bays:
"We reached the advanced position about
S &. m. I took ISO rounds per man with
me 100 rounds In the belts and eighty in
the haYersocks. This Is not sufficient for an
all-day flfrht. and as It grew toward night
1 began to be apprehensive of being left
In the advanced position In a right where
no prisoners were taken on either side
with only the bayonet to fight with.
"On the firing; line the action was espe
cially hot, and the enemy's fire especially
rapid and accurate, and at about 8:30 a. m.
the enemy uppeared In large numbers upon
our left, among the grave moundy of the
field In which we were, with the evident In
tention of flanking us. I made a turning
movement to the left and rear and we
drove them away. Later In the day, about
2 p. m., they again made a flanking ef
fort, but at the time tho infantry support
of tne'flojjjpany was on the mud wall of
'the dty and'aiaea i fc-o f Th'
company-,as ramandcTi5jr'TbaptaIn C.
G. long. The effort of the enemy proved
a failure, and we drove them In.
Ordered to Withdraw.
"We remained In the trenches until about
S p. m when we received an order from
the Brigadier General commanding to with
draw, which was possibly the most difficult
action of the day, since the enemy had so
well covensd our position that their shots
struck the crests of the trenches and threw
dirt In our faces, many being bit.
"General Dorward ordered that the troops
should sleep upon their arms that night and
on the following morning to enter the city.
The south gate had to be blown in by gun
"The troops had had nothing whatever to
eat on the 15th save the small luncheon (If
It may be i.o called) which each man carried
In his haversack. It wae not expected when
we started that tho action would prove so
long, but General Dorward, knowing the sit
uation, kindly sent to the reservation for
food and other necessaries, and the bivouac
proved a success, and the men. although
very fatigued, were ready for duty.
"On the ltth Inst, the south gate having
been blown In, we moved Into the walled
city about 6 o'clock a. m.
"We found the city filled with dead China
men and cnlmals. No reslstanco was made
to our occupation In tho walled city Itself,
but an Infantry Are was kept up by the
Japanese Infantry upon the enemy, who re
sponded from the suburbs. Since then we
have had undisturbed possession of all Tlon
Tsln." Dorward's Letter.
Colonel Meade Inclosed tho following let
ter from General Dorward, the commander
of the British forces:
"From the General Officer Commanding
British Forces in China to the Officer Com
manding the United States Forces: Tien
Tsln, China. July 15, 1900. Blr: I desire to
express tie high appreciation of the British
troops of the honor done them in serving
alongside their comrades of tho American
army during the long and hard fighting of
the 13th and the subsequent capture of
Tien-Tsln city, and of my own appreciation
of the high honor accorded to mo by having
them under my command.
"The American troops formed part of the
front line of the British attack, and bo had
more than their share of the fighting that
took plac Tho ready and willing spirit of
the officers and men will always make their
command easy and pleasant, and when one
adds to that the steady gallantry and power
of holding onto exposed positions, which
they displayed on the 13th Inst., the result
Is soldiers of tho highest class.
"Wo all deeply sympathize with you In
the heavy losses you have suffered, especial
ly with tho Ninth Regiment, In the loss of
their gallant Colonel, E. H. Llscum, while
at the head of his men, and with the First
Regiment of Marines, In the death of Cap
tain Davis, who met a soldier's death In the
very front of tho fight.
"I blame myself for the mistake made In
the taking up of their position by the Ninth
Rugimcnn, not remembering that troops
wholly fresh to the 6cene of action and hur
ried forward In tho excitement of battle
were likely to lose their way. Still the po
tltion they took up and gallantly stuck to
all day undoubtedly prevented a large body
of the enemy from turning the right of the
attacklnu rarty and inflicting serious loss
on the French and Japanese
"Among many Instances of personal bra
very In tho action, 1 propose especially to
bring to notice In dispatches the conduct of
First lieutenant Smedley D. Butler, Uni
ted States Marine Corps, In bringing a
wounded man from tho front under heavy
and accurate lire; Lieutenant Butler was
wounded while so doing, but, I am glad to
learn, net seriously. Tne Regimental Adju
tant, First Lieutenant Henry Leonard, as
Lieutenant Butler was suffering severely, I
tuiiuiwnm vw tiuu mm out oi ine unntf
line. Tola gallant feat he successfully ao-
On August 7, at Yang-Tsung, 3S5 Officers of
, - , the-Eowers 3Iet and Decided to
Tokin, Aug. 1". Extracts from a long dispatch describing the advance of the
allied, forces from Tien-Tsln say that General Ma disappeared during the light
ing at Yang-Tsun, that the immediate advance on Pekin was decided upon at
a council of war, in which 3S5 officers took part, held at Yang-Tsun, August
7, and that the advance columns were drawn up in the following order:
Japanese, Russian, British, American.
The French contingent was obliged to remain at Yang-Tsun on account of
its inadequate commissariat.
JAPS BLEW OPEN TUNG-CHOW'S GATES.
Copyright, 1W. by the Associated Press.
Tung-Chow, Aug. 12. The Japanese entered Tung-Chow to-day, blowing
open the gates. Where the heaviest opposition was expected none was offered.
The Chinese are reported retreating to Fekiu and deserting wholesale.
The allies are camping to-day about the walled city of Tung-Chow, after
seven miles of marching under a terrible sun. Many of the Americans and
British are prostrated.
compllshcd. but, I regret to say, was very
dangerously wounded in bo doing.
"Acver GlvlnR IJueU."
"The Ninth Regiment were fighting some
what outsldo my sphere of action, eo I am
to bring forward only one Instance of per
sonal gallantry In that regiment although
circumstanced as they were, fighting for
about twclvo hours almost alone and un
supported, and never giving back a foot of
ground until directed to retire under cover
of the night, and the flro of the Naval
Guard guns, such Instances must have been
very numerous. Tho one I would refer to
Is tho bringing back to me by the acting
regimental Adjutant, Captain Lawton, of
the account of the position of the regiment
across a wide and fire-swept space, and re
turning with re-enforcements to guide them
to his regiment when he was severely
"The withdrawal of the regiment was a
delicate military operation, finely carried
out, on which I congratulate Lieutenant
Colonel Cooddge and the officers and men
under his command.
"I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient
(Signed) "A. R. F. DORWARD.
"Robert L. Meade, U. S. M., Commanding
Forces United States In Tien-Tsln. China."
Colonel Meade gives a list of the casual
tics, and details the circumstances of the
death of Colonel Llscum and Captain Davis.
Ho also says that the allies arc about to
choose a president for the government of
Tien-Tsln. He was informed by General
Dorward that he expected to move on Pekin
In about a fortnight.
The proclamation to the inhabitants of
Tien-Tsln, telling them that tho bombard
ment was only In reply to the attacks by
rebels, also Is included In the report.
Major Waller Report.
Major Waller's report Is of especlnl Inter
est, as he had command of the marines In
the fight beforo Tien-Tsln was reached.
The report Is dated Tien-Tsln, June 2S, and
says In part:
"At 2 in tho morning, June 19, tho Russian
Colonel Informed me that he would push
on with his 400 men and attempt to get into
Tien-Tsln and attack It. I objected, but
was overruled In council. My reason told
me that there was a slim chance for passing
the Chinese force with only 530 men and no
guns; tho three-Inch rllle proving defective,
I disabled It and rolled It Into the river
and followed tho Russians Jn the twelvo
mlle march on Tien-Tsln. The Russian col
umn was in advance, 400 strong, with my
Colt gun in their front, under' the com
mand of Lieutenant Powell. The advanco
continued until 7 a. m. without opposition,
when we reached a point opposite the im
"There wo met a small flank fire, which
"I'VE RESCUED MY LEGATION. SOW I
GO HOME AND STAY THERE."
was quickly silenced by our sharpshooters.
About ten minutes later we met a very
heavy front and flank fire from 1.5(0 or
2,000 men Intrenched. We deployed and my
line, feeling the flank fire, turned to tho left
and rear, confronting tho flank movement,
our line nt that time having Its front ad
vanced and right flank refused.
"The support of the Colt gun having
dwindled to two men, and tho gun having
jammed several times, all the crew being
shot down but one, Mr. Powell very prop
erly decided to abandon It, which he did,
after disabling the gun. Receiving notice
that the Russians would retreat to a point
four miles beyond our bivouac, I began my
retreat, moving by the right flank and
keeping up a fight for four hours with the
enemy, who were In force. Imperial troops
and Boxers. Wu succeeded In falling back,
bringing our wounded by hand. At 3 p. m.
we had reached our base, having marched
thirty milts and fought for four hours. I
was obliged to leave the dead, but brought
off the wounded. Our casualties were lour
killed and nino wounded.
"It was agreed thut we should advance
in two columns on the next day at 4 a. m.,
my force occupying the advance of tho
British column and the right of the firing
line. Wo struck the enemy at about 7 a.
m. and drove them steadily until about
12:30 p. m., when we entered Tien-Tsln, re
lieving tho beselgcd Kuropcans, our losses
being for tho day one killed and three
wounded. At noon on the 27th, the Kmian.s
having attacked the arsenal, the scene of
my repulse on the 22d, and which had not
been captured, asked for re-enforcenient3.
I sent out Second Lieutenant Jolly with
forty men, Mr. Harding, my Adjutant,
joining us a volunteer, and placud the whole
under this command of Commander Crad-
dock, K. -I. inl force was about l,i00
strong, and succeeded In driving the enemy
from tho parapets out of their fortifications
and In full flight. It was developed that the
enemy had about 7,000 men at this point.
Our men charged over tho parapet with a
British company, being the first In, in this
part of the fight. Our loss, however, was
one wounded and Lieutenant Jolly ovtr
come by heat, but not until after he had
brought his men back to their quarters.
Lieutenant Harding acted as a voluntttr
and captured an imperial flag, which ho
has presented to me.
"Having given you the bare facts, 1 wish
to Invite attention to tho incidents of the
busy week. Our men marched ninety-seven
miles in the five days, fighting all the way.
They have lived on about one meal a duy
for six days, but have been cheerful and
willing always. They have gained the high
est praise from all forces present, and have
earned my lovo and confidence. They are
Continued on I'nirc Ttvo,
RECKON IT'S TIME FOR ME TO
For MIxHnuri Gcncrnlly fnlr Sat
nrilny nntl Sunday) southerly Trinds.
For Illinois Geiiernlly fair, except
thnnilerMnrinq In northern portion
atnrluy; Sunday fnlr; llht westerly
For Arknnsus Generally fair Snt
ordny anil Snndnyi Houtherly Triads.
1. Allies in Pekin.
Brilliant Fighting In China.
2. China's Battle Against the World.
British Soldiers Land (it Shanghai.
3. Acting Governor of Illinois In Trouble.
Senator Cockrell In St. Louis.
Ustick Case Goes to Grand Jury.
Thomas Nelson Page on New York
"Doll Doctor" of New York Found Dead.
Showing of United States at Paris Ex.
Protecting New York Babes from Im
A Woman's Weary Journey.
4. Race Track Results.
5. Jeffries Should Defend His Title.
Roland Quentin Under Arrest.
Naming of the "Moore Twins."
Combine Against Melon Thieves.
Shot Her Husband.
Race Riot in Georgia,
6. Kenrick Seminary to Teach Classics.
An Interesting Hebrew.
Younc People's Societies.
Church News and Amusements.
Sunday School Lesson.
New Religious Sect.
7. Newest Ideas in Plain nnd Fancy Bod
What lp Correct In Stationery.
Why Babies Suffer.
Suggestions About Hardwood Floors.
Commandments of Health.
Editors Meet nnd Talk Shop.
Hannaites Scheme Failed.
9. Paris Slighted Sousa.
Lemp Faction Ousts Nelson.
Gossip About Books and Writers.
10. Republic Want Ads.
11. New Corporations.
Transfers of Real Estate.
The Railroads. - ,
12. Grain and Produce.
13. Financial News.
14. Unique Scheme to Aid a Church.
Major Winn En Route From Cuba to
First ShIrt-Waist Patty in St. Louis.
Hottest Weather of the Season.
Details ofHospltal Plaii3.
BELATED, BUT BELLIGERENT.
Austriiins, Germans, French .and
Italians Go Forward.
P.iris.Auc;. 17. A dispatch received here
from General Frey, in command of the
French marine force In China, dated August
9, says that the rapid advance of the allies
toward Pekin was due to the excellent scout
ing of the Russians and Japanese.
General Frey returned to Tien-Tsln in or
der to lead the re-enforcements of French
trpops to the front. Finding there the Ger
mans, Austrions and Italians, who were not
represented with tho advance columns, tho
General offered to give them facilities for
getting to the front with his command.
They accepted with thanks ond a new
column, composed of tho forces of the na
tions mentioned, started for Pekin.
RE-ENFORCEMENTS FOR ALLIES.
German Troops Due at Taku on
London, Aug. 17. Troops are still arriving
at Taku. The German transports Wltteklnd
and Frankfort are duo there to-day.
The Russaln transport NlJnl Novgorod ran
on a reef August 14.
The Japanese curlser Takasago, which
went ashoro recently, has been towed oft
and Is now at Port Arthur.
Battle Is Fought Wednesday, August 15 Whites Are- Rescued and Siege
Ended Japs Suffer 100 Casualties Empress
Dowager's Escape Reported.
Washington, D. C, Aug. 17. The Navy Department to-night
received this cablegram from Admiral Remey :
"Taku, Aug. 17, 1 a. m. Bureau Navigation, Washington:
Just received telegram from Tien-Tsin, dated 16th, 10 p. m.:
" 'Pekin was captured on Aug. 15. Foreign legations are safe.
Details follow shortly. (Signed) REMEY.' "
The Acting Secretary of State makes public the following
plain telegram, received this (Friday) evening, from the United
States Consul at Che-Foo:
"Che-Foo, Aug. 17, 1900. (Received Aug. 17, 7:55 p. m.)
Secretary of State, Washington, D. C, Seventeenth: A Japanese
Admiral reports allies attacked Pekin, east, 15th. Obstinate re
sistance. Evening, Japanese entered capital with other forces.
Immediately surrounded legations. Inmates safe. Japanese loss
over 100. Chinese 300. (Signed) FOWLER."
PEKIN ATTACKED BECAUSE CHINESE RESISTED.
SPECIAL BY CABLE.
Che-Foo, Thursday, Aug. 16. (Copyright, li00, by the New York Herald Company.) The allies
reached Pekin on Tuesday night and attacked the city yesterday morning, the Chinese having opposed
their communicating with the Ministers.
Tung-Chow was captured by the allies on Monday morning, and they advanced within eight miles
of Pekin. The enemy fled the night before.
The Japanese took the arsenal and seized 50,000 roku of rice.
EMPRESS DOWAGER REPORTED LEAY1WG PEKIN.
London, Aug. 17. A special dispatch from Shanghai says:
"The allies entered Pekin August 35. It is believed that Yuan Shi Kai's troops have gone thence
to Shan-Si to protect the Empress, who, according to reports received by local officials here, with Tuan,
the imperial household and the bulk of the army and Boxers, left Pekin August 7 for Hsien-Fn."
Shangbai dispatches say that Emperor Kwang Su accompanied the Empress Dowager to Hsien-Fn
much against his will. Prince Tuan commanded the rear guard of the imperial escort, of which Boxers
formed 05 per cent. It was expected that General Tung Fuh Siang would follow after the arrival of the
allies. All the palace treasures were sent to Hsien-Fu.
ALL THE WORLD REJOICES IN THE
SUCCOR OF THE BESIEGED LEGATIONS.
Safety of Minister Conger
Overjoyed United States
cate the News to the
Wnshlngton. Aug-. 17. The allied armies
have captured and entered Pekin In the
face of "obstinate resistance," and the mem
bers of the foreign legations are safe.
Olllclal confirmation of the fall of the
Chinese capital came to tho United States
Government to-nisht In the shape of two
cablegrams, one from Admiral Remey and
tho other from Consul Fowler at Che-Foo.
The cablegram from Admiral Remey came
to hand first, early In the evening, followed
very soon after by that from Consul Fow
ler, and the officials, realizing the great pub
lic Interest In the events -which it was bu
lieved had happened In Pekin, at once made
From Tung-Chow to Pekin.
Previous Information which had been re
ceived here showed that the allied armies
took possession of Tung-Chow on the 12th
lnbt. From that city to Pekin the dis
tance is not very great not more than a
dozen miles. It seems evident, therefore,
that the armies halted for a time at Tung
Chow, probably for the purpose of giving
tho men a rest and to prepare for the at
tack on the capital city In force after wait
Ing until the rear of tho advancing host
should arrive at the front. Possibly, also,
tho delay -was the result of negotiations In
augurated by the Chinese offlqlals looking
to tho delivery of the Ministers -with a Chi
nese or other escort. If negotiations were
attempted they must have failed, as tho
army continued on Its march and attacked
the capital three days after reaching Tung
Chow. , .
The officials hero were aware of the fact
that the stronghold pt tho Boxera wag In
the Chinese City and that for the allies to
attempt to force their way through it into
tho Tartar City, in which tho legation com
pounds are located, might mean a great
loss of Jlfo and possibly a defeat. It was
also known that the imperial troops who
have aided with tho Boxera were, many of
them, in or near the Chinese City, and that
much of tho artillery and rille fire which
has been poured Into the legations has been
from the walls separating tnc two cities.
East Gate Attacked.
These facts evidently were communicated
to General Chaffee and the other command
ing officers of tho allies. Realizing theso
obstacles, it appears that the allies decided
to attack the city by the cast gate. Thero
are four entrances to the city on the east.
two leading to the Chinese city and two to
the Tartar city. Just which one of these
was selected as the attacking point Consul
Fowlcr'B dispatch does not disclose.
Contrary to the press reports of to-day.
Consul Fowler's dispatch shows that the
attack on the city met with strong resist
ance. The Japanese force engaged with the
advance, according to tho understanding of
the officials here, numbers 10,000 men, so
that the loss suffered by them was over 1
Allowance Is raado for the losses In the
forces of the other armies, but It is pre
sumed that It was In proportion to that suf
fered by the Japanese.
The President wap overjoyed on hearing.
Assured Washington Officials
Officers First to Commini-
World London Comment.
the news of the safety of Minister Conger
and his associates.
He has been hopeful all along that their
rescue from the perilous position In which
they have been so long a time would be
successfully accomplished. To-night's news
continued that hope.
Tho President entertained a number of
friends formally at dinner to-night, among
whom were several acquaintances from
Later In the evening, as soon as he heard
of the news. Secretary Root came In from
tho Country Club ond remained for some
time with the President discussing the lat
est Information which has come to band.
Nothing has come to the War Department
directly from General Chaffee, but the Ad
jutant General's office wa. momentarily ex
pecting advices. The officials were on hand
during the evening and waited until a lata
hour before leaving for home without re
ceiving any dispatches.
The Xatlve Chrintlan.
A Cabinet official said this evening that
unquestionably the native Christians in
Pekin, said to number several thousand, will
be Included in any arrangement made be
tween this Government and China incident
to the cessation of hostilities. At the pres
ent stage of the Chinese situation, this sub
ject has not been seriously discussed by the
Cabinet, but thero Is no doubt, according
to this member, that the United States Is
in honor bound to protect them, and will
sacredly look out for their security.
"What will bo dono with them?" ho wa3
"That has not been decided, but rest as
sured that In their disposition the honor of
the United States will be fully preserved.
It may bo arranged for them to go to the
Philippines, or one of many other places
that are available may be advanced."
It was also stated that, while the matter
has not been formally considered the in
demnity to be collected will not be pnly for
tho families of the victims, but also pos
sibly to compensate this Government for
the expense It has been put to In prosecuting
"It has not been a heavy expense, com
pared to the Spanish war," suld the official,
"but It will be sufficient, together with tho
Indemnity to the families of missionaries,
and other victims, and for all loss to prop
erty of tho United States Government or
of American citizens, to make it a very seri
ous matter, financially, to China."
' The Xeit Step.
With the taking of Pekin it is expected
that the troops will rest there, pending a
settlement of the questions at Issue. Tho
prcsenco of tho troops will be needed to
facilitate the negotiations.
Thero la no evidence that the foreign Min
isters have left Pekin, and it Is not at all
certain that they will leave, the ncce-solty
for their departure having been removed. '
LI Hung Chang, by virtue of his appoint
ment to negotiate with the Powers, will be
recognized as tho representative of tho
X AT NEW-CHWANG.
SPECIAL BY CABLE.
New-Chwang, Aus. 11, via Shang- ;
hai, Friday, Aujr. 17. (Copyright, ;
! 100O, by the New York Herald
; Company.) Two thousand Chinese
attacked the Russian intrench- ;
! inents here to-day.
; They were repulsed with heavy
, Itussian atrocities in New
', Chwaujr having excited 'the Chi
nese, it was reported that 15,000
Chinese were coming here de
termined to recapture the Chinese
city at any cost, and the Russians
have sent a torpedo boat to Port
Arthur for re-enforcements.
Chinese Government, and it to possible that!
he may be summoned to Pekin.
The officials of the administration, pend
ing the receipt of the detailed reports front
Minister Conger and General Chaffee, are
unable to predict what course will be pur
sued In this regard. They Incline strongly
to the belief, however, that It will be found
necessary for the International forces to
occupy Pekin until a final settlement has
Minister Conger's advice will have great
weight In determining the policy thut will
be pursued by the administration. It Is ex
pected that he will at once submit a full re
port, giving with all detail posslblo the his
tory of the anti-foreign uprising, the con
nection of the Imperial Government with
It and the history of the siege of the lega
tions. He will also Indicate, aa far as pos
sible, which of tho Chinese officials havo
been responsible for the conditions In Pekin.
A report on the siege of the legations will
also be submitted by Captain Myers, com
mandant of the American Marine Guard,
and General Chaffee will submit a report
on the operations of the relief column and
the present situation from a military stand
point. When these documents have been re
ceived the Government wi(! bo In a better
position to determlno upon a future policy.
A DAV OF COXGHATULATIOS.
London, Aug. 18, a- m. 'Tekln was re-
lleved on the night of the 15th."
This message was received last evening1
at the Imperial Customs Office In London,
frcra the Commissioner of Customs In Che
Foo. It Is the only official messago that
has been received In England In confirma
tion of tho earlier reports. Admiral RemeyS
dispatch not having arrived In time for pub
lication in the London mornIn papers.
The Morning Post," which Js the only;
paper printing the Che-Foo message, Mys;
"To-day is not only a day of national re
joicing; it is also a day of congratulation for
all the Powers of the world."
Proceeding to discuss the probability of a
cessation of hostilities, tho Morning Post
asELDies that the United States are willing
Continued on Paso Trr.
jum. jjfe i--fc.rf f-w .-toredW."t.;Tev-.-y.t. f s.'y'.