Newspaper Page Text
j PART II. J
8 PAGES. ij
THE ST. LOUIS REPUBLIC
The Special flat Edition H
Printed in Three Part.
The Sunday Mjjaxlne It
Printed in One Part
COPYRIGHT. 1300. BY PUBLISHERS. GEORQD KNAPP & COMPANY.
ST. LOtriS. MO.. SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 9. 1900.
PRICE FIVE CENTS. 'A
WHAT IS NEEDED TO PURIFY
WATER FOR A GREAT CITY.
Sewer Commissioner Hermann Describes Two Types of Filters
Which Might Be Used in St. Louis Effect of Coagu
lantsCovered Reservoirs Necessary.
When the Hoard of Public Improvcrncnta
reconvenes In the middle of this month and
the sessions of the Municipal Aembly nro
renewed on October 9. the subject that
probably will receive the most attention w ill
be the question of selecting a proper meth-
. od to rrocure a clear, pure water supply
for St. Louis.
Water Commissioner Flad. who has been
touring Eurore for months, inspecting Old
World waterworks. Is expected home about
' September 20. when his observations on
filtration will be offered. All the members
of the Board of Iublic Improvements have
been giving close study to nitration, and all
will have Ideas to present.
. Sewer Commissioner Hermann, Acting
TresiJent of the board, has prepared thb
following description of the two filtration
processes now in use and the modes o op-
"When v Mages expand into cities, springs
nnd wells are no longer adequate to furnish
Jhe neces-arj water supplj. I-akes, ereek3
aid rivers mut then be ousht to ftirnls.li
this supply. Both lakes ard streams are
, often ppliutcd. anJ many streams are
muddy or turbid as well as polluted; their
water is therefore, unfit for drinking iar
pofes and should be clarified und purified
before It Is used. Th! can be done by
nitration, which is merely a percolation of
water through a laer of sand, which acU
both as a strainer and as a medium for
an organic process, destructive to bacteria.
Tiles, asbestos and .similar porous materials
ure sometimes utcil instead of sand, but
they have not proven so satlsfactoiy, as
clean, sharp sand.
Tn a ClniMcs of Fitters.
"Filters for city water supplies may be di
vided into two classis the "slow sand filter
and the "mechanical filter.- The slow sand
hitcr Is vcrj simple in construction; it ton
clus cf a basin containing a layer of ch&n,
fine sand, about five feet thick, und -rial J
by n-ws of drain tiles, extending from each
side of the basin to its center line and end
ing in a laige central effluent pipe kading
to the pare v.ater storage r-croIr. rrom
which the water is distributed by the city.
The ujrer.itinn of this type ot nltir is (qual-
i ly simple. The raw water enters the wuln
; above the layer of sand and slowly perco
lates thence the name "slow band filter )
tl -ough It. the coarse matter sutpended In
the water is retained mar the surface of the
sand, and organic matter In solution in the
raw water is purified In it" passage through
tne sand laver and the thin iillm of geia
tloaouj matter which iorms u the surface
of the sand Tnls film is an essential part
of the process of purification , the organic
action takes place here, a pure effluent la
not obtained until this film has formed. The
tlow find filter removes itj per cent of the
bacteria in the raw water, yielding prac
tical a pure water. This tyte or tiller is
1 piacticable only fur raw waters, which are
cotrparatiiely clear, though more or less
poduteu. tlai i. waters containing granu
lar roatteis, which are retained within the
upper jncli of thickness of the sand layer
a.,d do n t penetrate through the vhol
thickses; of the laver. This layer of about
ode itch, in thickness- is- rcimiHii nnd wast
ed at Iate--val8 of about one iconlU and-replaced
by new sand, cr It is remov-.d,
washed with clear water and replaced.
"The slow sand filter Is used almost ex
clusively In Europe (except in nul.i,rnnny
of whose rivers pai-s. thr ugh allu ial !olls)
i and in the Eastern States of this country,
come of the European cities using this tie
of fi.ter s-nd drawing their raw water from
MTeams far more polluted than any in this
country, are. London. Berlin. Hamburg.
Altoon.i and Itotte-dam In this c untry
Air-any and Poughkeeple obtain their vvatT
from the Hudson, a clear, but h!ghl pol
lute!, stream, and filter it for their people.
Philadelphia and Pittsburg have recently
determined to adopt this s-jstem of water
purification, taking their raw water from
the rivers on which they are situated. The
Albany plant obtains its raw water from
the Hudson. It has been in operation fno
ear. one of the results is the decrease of
deaths from typhoid from eighty-rive last
jeilr to seven this year.
M!t-:!rnrInK liter Troublesome.
"This type of filter Is not so successful In
purifying waters from silt-bearing streams,
in many of which the particles of clay are
extremt-ly minute, as small or smaller. In
fact, than the bacKna contained In tho
water. The difficult!- encountered consists
in the complete clogging of the layer of
fand. and the expense of replacing or wash
ing the whole sand layer. In non-silt-bearlng
PARIS HAS RECEIVED
Visitors Have Poured Wealth Into the City,
With Much More to Come.
Comte de Penaloza, who has spent most
of his life In Paris, though ho Is of Spanish
descent, writes to The Republic upon the
succeM of tho Trench Exposition. The
Comte's statement has a special Interest
arlslnjr from the St. Ixiu'.s World's Fair
preparations. The letter:
Tirthe Editor of The Kepubllc.
St Louis, Sept. 8. In tho Mirror's number
tinder date of September 6 I find an article
on the "failure" of the Paris Exposition,
which begins with the followlns phrase:
"Unanlrrous Is the verdict of 'failure' up
on the Paris Exposition."
Who the Jury is w ho rendered the verdict
It would bo difficult to determine. I sup
pose it is composed of the editor, the prob
lematical "poor devil" who writes on space,
and the stenographer, with perhaps a, few of
those travelers who have been in Taria one
week, to the exposition two days, nnd have
declared It a failure. That species of trav
eler Is the one who spends six weeks In "do
ing" Europe, sees all there is to bo seen in
London In a week and takes no longer to
?e all there Is to be seen In Parts.
Taking the article, statement offer state
ment, there Is only one with any semblance
of exactitude, and that one needs qualifica
tion. I rlrt Tint Irnmx.' uhn 'llnrlp iNlflpr'ft
informants are. or where he has got his re
Ports, but I do not hesitate to say that ho
has supplemented his utter lack of knowl
edge with a great deal of assurance. Tho
exposition was as complete ot Its opening as
any exposition has ever been; certainly more
so than the Chlcaso one. The English did
not go, 1 admit. In as great numbers as
ere expected; all Americans were there
who could go.
noma iiKe to see tne Parisian paper
"Much states that later patronage came
irom "parsimonious if not Impecunious
tjennans." I would like to know where tho
fllrror has its authority for saying the at
tendance has "fallen off." Instead of In
creasing. I would like to know which elec
inc light displays failed. The free outdoor
ttractions may be few, according to what
understood as "outdoor" attractions.
as to music, perhaps the Mirror in Its
Patriotism Is resentful because Sousa. was
jot a succes'. but then, perhaps, the Mir
ror does not know that Sousa Is not music,
11V.1 Perfcaps it meant that there Is very
uttie noise about tho place, now that ho
25 left- As to music, there Is plenty of It,
ki i" s ana everywhere else are- not any
iifSef.,than they have ever been at any
Ifffflw. The restaurants are. If any
jajne, cheaper than ever bofore at similar
-" jie 10 me only statement wjncn
tY Si 'holly Inaccurate, the one referring
i now come to the onlv statement which
J "bankruptcies among concessionaires."
Aoere certainlv havn hppn a few. but these
certainly have been a few, but these
water the foreign matters are retained
within the top one Inch In thickness of the
sand laer. and this quantity of tund can
be easily and cheaply replaced or washed,
but in silt-bearing waters the minute par
ticles ot clay penetrato through the whole
Iaer of sand, clogging it completely. Often
within a day. and the expense of replacing
or washing It by ordinary means is prohibi
tive. "This difficulty of filtering silt-bearing
waters by means of the slow sand filter
led to many years of experimenting, the
result of which, at the present time, is
the "mechanical filter. a device not et per
fected sufficiently to be completely satis
factory, but Indicating the general prin
ciples of, construction for tillers, which
promise to give the best results for purify
ing waters of this chiracter. The construc
tion of the mechanical filter is not so sim
ple as that of the slow sand filter. It con
sists of a tank within another tank, the
former containing a Uyer of clean, coirse
sand, about three and a half feet thick, un
derlaid by drain p!pe.s centering into a
large effluent pipe Icad'ng to the pure
water reservoir, from ulrch the water H
distributed. Suspend) d above the sand Hy
er Is a revolving rake, which Is turned by
Operation r Merlin nicnl 1'lllers.
"This, in brief. Is the genera manner
of building these filters, although tbere are
man lit tails, more or ! ss emm Heated,
which it is unntressjrv to mention here.
The operation cf this ipe of filter is al'o
not so simple .is the slow sand liltir To
begin with, it Is very desirable to get r!d
of as much of the silt in the raw waer
as possible before It reaches the filttr Tor
this puipose the raw water Is first pumped
into settling basins and allowed to remain
there for at least tliim-s-lx hours. Three
fourths of the silt (all th- heav ler particles
and manj bacteria clinging to them), set
tle to the bottom of the lusins within that
time. The waUr is then no longer muddy,
but still verv turbid. The line -jri'ticles of
clav are sti'l sus. ended thmu'-hiut its
mass. The water is then pumped Into an
other basin, win re a coagulant is addel
and the greater part of the fine clay par
ticles, are precipitated. The watir then
passes on to the t.lter, percolating through
the laver of sand to the colliding drain
pif e. "and then nto the central effluent
pipe leading to the pure-water distributing
"The minute pirtieh s of clay still remain
ing In the watir when it reaches the filter
pass into the layer of sand penetrating its
whole "mass; the removal of this clav be
comes neeessarv. This Is accomplished bv
forc'ng a reverse current of filtered wntr
through the drain pips upward through
the sind lave", thus washing the sand thoi
oughlv. ard allowing the wash water to
flow over the top olpe of the ir.net (hlteri
tank into the space between the two :anks
and thence downward into the sewer W he-i
the current Is levisfd the revolving rake
is nIo started. It stirs up the sand laver
and thus assists in its proper cltanslng.
The reverse current t stopped when the
wash water, flawing ever the edge of the
tank shows clear wa-r; !i? r.tw wate- is
then again admitted abort the sand !a.t
and the process of filtering is repo-ted.
The ti' of a Conxulnnt.
"The sand laver must Le washed about
once in eight hours, and requirts about 3
P5r cent of lie vv.itr privioutly tillered
A larga number cf these filters would be
required to simply the wants of a large
cltv. Thev should be built in "units' of at
least l.OOO.Ou) gallons capacity per d-y. The
largest "unit now in ipei.ition is a bust 200.
OCO gallons. St. I,ouis pres-nt maximum re
quirement of water is 1C0..'X gallons per
"The use of a coiculant can hardly be
dispensed with In this tpe of filter to ob
tain a clear water: the amount of coagulant
(alum or oxide of Iron is most generally
used) required is very small, and It is rre
cipltated by a lime solution before tho wa
ter passes on to the storage r sCr.-oir. The
bacterial efliciencey of the -Mechanical tiller
Is practically equal to the Mow sand filter,
either removes S3 per cent of the bacteria If
propcrlv handled bv skilled tnd experienced
men. The mechanical filter, however, re
quires better trained and more Intelligent op
eratives to attain a pure water equal to
that of the slow sand filter.
""No large city uses this tvpe of water
filter at the :irescnt time: Cincinnati and
Louisville, however, are now preparing to
erect such ll'ers for tho .iiw extensions
of their waterworks; they will take the raw
water from the Ohio ltlver, a stream mor-i
polluted, but somewhat less muddy than our
"Covered pure water storage reservoirs
are a necessary part of any filtering plant.
Pure water left exposed to the sun and
winds soon becomes inoculated with new
germs of disease. Existing reservoirs can
always be utilized at comparatively small
expense, simply by building a tight roof
over the water surface."
were due to bad management and lack of
Judgment In execution, but even they are
only a very small minority, w hich has been
swelled and made much of through Jcalou-y.
Perhaps the Mirror dots not know that
there exist others, of which the "Swiss
Village" Is a tvpe, which, far from bein?
failures, have proven even at this earlr
date to be excellent Investments, and, more
than that, wonderful artistic successes.
I cannot Imagine huvv the Mirror knows
that "last week" over D0.oto.W0 out of th
65,0u0,00rt tickets issued rem-tlntd unused."
This is again lack of knowledge covered
over by a great deal of audacity. I would
very much like to see the returns of the
Paris railway companies which "-how tne
number of visitors this July to be smaller
than In the corresponding month last year."
Such a. report docs not exist and could not
As to tho comparison between Chicago
and Paris It Is utterly ridiculous. I grant
Chicngo had one gnat superiority, the lake
front, but further than that there is not one
feature which would compare favorably
with Paris, providing always that the lake
front be eliminated. Tho lake front Is not
architecture, and If the Mirror had said
that the Chicago Court of Honor and Li
goon were very picturesque, owing to the
natural advantages of the nltc, I would ba
willing to admit it. To be convinced of
tho great superiority, artistically, of the
Paris Exposition over any ever held, one
needs only to see it nnd be capable of Judg
ing. I wonder If "Uncle Fuller" did see It?
And. if he did, how qualified he is to Judge7
As to the other statements he makes they
aro so masea ana so paipauiy incorrect,
that it would be a waste of energy to refute
As atralnst mero statements I will submit
actual facts, which will stand examination
and can bo proven. All the money spent In
building the Paris Exposition, outside ol
somo special work done In foreign buildings
and mostly confined to the interior, was
spent in France, ana tne JTencn laborer got
It; that represents nearly J30.000.WJ. of which
not more than a half was French money.
The French nation never expected, and no
one familiar with expositions could expect,
the exposition proper to do much better than
pay Its expenses with a UtUo over. It Is
on the outside that the profits are ex
pected. In the railroads, hotels, restaurants,
shops; In short, in all the increased com
merce which Is brought about by the hold
ing of such a fair. Nevertheless, the aver
age paying attendance, not counting those
who entered with tickets and passes, has
been over U3.O0O a day, and on the nine
teenth dav of August the number of peoplo
who passed the gates was over one-half
million, and the arrivals in Parts were on
tho increase and Increasing steadily every
day. Based on the number of visitors up
to the 22d of August. 18,000.000 foreigners will
have visited Paris when November 14 closes
the exposition, and, admitting that the aver
age profit realized on each was only $25 the)
Prth natlnn at InriTrt will find Italf rlphfr
by $150,000,000. If this be failure what "is
success? COMTE DE PENALOZA.
THE GREATEST TRUE BARGAIN SPOT -
Rolled Hate Link Cuff Buttons; 1 fr
were 50c, 75c and $1 pair, now. -'-'
One lot of sterling-handled Manicure
Pieces File, Cuticle, etc., also
A i-rocner. ttooics; worm hoc, ouc i I j.
and 75c each, now 1W-
3,000 Pencil Tablets, worth fie and C
Cc each; your choice at 3c, 2 for. .-'
1,500 Children's School liap; C
north 10c and 15c; your choice... -'
C'jJ New Fall Shades in Taffetas; worth 75c, -Qr
10-inch Krinklcd and Corded Silks for Waists, new 'Or
shades; real value 1.00, at, yard '
21-inch French Pcatt de Soie, black onlv, cannot be 1 "3Q
matched for 62.00; at '. 1 . J
Fall Shoes and SlippcrS-S!S,gSei.s-Jfe
kid, hand turn: these slippers fit tiell to the foot and are
very comfortable; neat coin toes; worth $2.50 a pair, 1 AQ
our price I.T'vJ
Ladies' fine Dongola Kid Lace, single or double soles, me
dium, coin or bulldog toes, kid back stays, silk top facing,
otk soles; is as good as any $3.00 shoe made; they have the
manufacturer's guarantee as well as ours; they 1 QO
goat 1 U
At JJ2.9S we give you as fine a shoe as there is mide; we have
them yi all the different styles, coin, pug or bulldog toes,
light, hand turn, medium or heavy extended soles; they are
made of the finest imperial kid, well finished and fit, nnd
are as comfortable as any $5.00 shoe made; O QQ
our price '
Cff'x. Tnf Ladies' fine tailor-made Suit, Jackets
OUU lcpi. i;eil w:th gooli perCaline lining, QO
Ladies' Fall Jackets, fly-front, lined with ncarsilk, O CQ
all-vvool covert cloth, at Cd.O J
A lot of Ladies' new style Percale Shirt Waists, with Q
soft cuffs; were $1.50 and $1.25, now T--
nAmo-tJcc-500 &oz- Ready-Made
Ironies UCS Readied Sheets,
size 81x90; regular 75c quality O"
Monday at. DJi
200 doz. Unbleached Sheets, size 81s:
90; regular 50c quality O Q ,.
Monday at O C
500 doz. Pillow Slips; regular 1 f)r
12 ,Jc quality Monday at ... 1 -'-One
case 10-4 Bleached Sheet- OCr
ing; w orth 35c "Monday-". .... - J
One case 9-4 Bleached Sheet- O Ol-
ing; worth 30c Monday at " "2-
100 doz. Ready-Made Sheets, bleached,
slightly soiled, 90x90, were -Olr
75c; now xDzjL-
One case Soft-Finished Bleached Mus
lin, full yard wide, were Gc; C
This nicely pol
ished Rocker in
oak or mahogan
i7ed birch; was
This pretty White Enameled Malleable Iron
Bed, brass rails and spindles, just 7C
like cut; was 6.75, now ' I J
This Couch in a nice pattern of Reme
cloth; was 0.00,
MRS. DELIA MILES TELLS
OF LIFE IN CAPE NOME.
Describes the Enterprise, Wealth and Characteristics of the
Settlers in the Alaskan Gold Fields How
Fortunes Are Made.
There Is a woman in St. Louis who, short
ly after the rush to the newly opened Alas
kan gold fields, went to Capo Nome, and
after staying nearly a year in that placo
returned to the States.
She is Mrs. Delia Miles, who arrived in
St. Louis a week ago for a stay with her
sister, Mrs. C. IV. Goode, of No. 4"C9 Cook
Mrs. Miles has lived the greater part ot
her life In tho city of Seattle, Wash., whero
she was married a tew ears ago to Doctor
W. F. Miles of that city. Doctor Miles
has mado several trips to the gold fields
and is npw at Cape Nome. Ho Is expected
In St. Louis this winter.
Mrs. Miles Is accompanied by her little
son, Vivian, 5 years old, who went with his
mother to Alaska, and who at the time he
arrived there a jear ago was the youngest
child In the city.
Strnnare Ideas About Xonic.
During the summer of 1JS9 Doctor Miles
wrote for his wife and child to Join him,
having a, home prepared and waiting for
them. Mrs. Miles and her son made the
trln In September a year ago. The distance
was covered in fifteen days, in which time
nothing out of th ordinary occurred.
"Many people have queer Ideas about
Cape Nome," said Mrs. Miles to a Re
public man, "and others have no idea at
all. Of course, every one goes there to
make money and make it quick, and that
is the reason so many fall. No one should
go to the gold fields without the determina
tion to stick at least for a vear or two.
Man? men and beys come with the idea that
WE DO NOT
PLENTY OF LIGHT from the immense skylights for you to "see at all times just
are buying! There's no guess-work about it 1 JUST READ THE FOLLOWING:
Housefurnishings on Fourth Floor.
ber; while they
last .. . llilc
Tjc; special.. 49c
White China Eowli
uud Pitchers, fancy
hhupes. vorth il (m);
White China Slop Jars,
worth !l i; sw
Fiincv Crystal Berry
Dishes, worth IJr
See our great Pantasote Couches,
Itke and wear better than O 1 Hfl
Icather.likecut; were $30, now 1 UU
gold is to be picked up any placo and have
very little money to pay their expenses,
and consequently in a "hort time are
'broke, as they term It, and are thrown on
the city, .which sends some of them back
to tho States: but for the most part they
soon engage In other work than mining, in
which they are able to make what in the
States would be designated enormou3
wages, but, on the other hand, they aro
compelled to pay fabulous prices for tho
necessities of life.
"Again, some people seem to think tha.
Cape Nome is a place where every one cur
ries a big revolver, and no ono Is safe. The
most of the shooting scrapes are caused by
litigation over land, which in miners' ar
lauee Is called "claim Jumping.' Tho worst
features of the town are saloons and dance
halls. Our home was In a good part of
,un u, j-ei mere were iwo saloons directly
across the street. In one portion of the
town for two blocks on one sidp of the
street every building is a saloon. The city,
however. Is organized and has a Mayor and
police force, which is backed by a Ueu
tenant and a company or soldiers of the
regular army. On the whole, we have a
fine government, considering our situation
Sunrise In Alaska.
'The principal mines are located about
nve miles from the town. C. D. Lane, the
millionaire mine owner of San Francisco
probably has more holdings in the mines in
the vicinity of Nome than any other man.
He built a narrow-gauge railroad from
Nome to Anvil Creek and Snow Gulch
"v.c cnjuiiz ui Hi iiuicu are locateu.
For a distance o about rive miles, the fare
is Jl each way.
"When I departed from Cape Nome last
summer the days were rather long: In fact
the sun was never below the horizon for
any great length of time. As winter gave
way to spring, the sun would rlse seemlns-
T !. Full bleached all-linen Satin Table Damask, extra fine
.LHlCllo quaijiy; regular price $1.00 a yard, now
72-inch Cream Table Damask, extra heavy quality and choice patterns
to select from, linens thatare well worth '75c a va'rd; now
50 dozen Cream Dice Table Napkins, good full dinner size,
thing for hotel and restaurant use; were 81.25, now
One case Crochet Bedspreads with hand-tied fringes for iron and brass
beds; regular price $1.25, now
153 do7en extra heavy Unbleached Turkish Bath Towels, regular size;
were 17'c, now
50 dozen lS-inch full bleached Roller Crash Toweling with fancy red
border; regular price 12"rCc, now
CrrrtA Firocc CnnAc 36-inch New Fall Plaids, all handsome stvlss
OlOrea .UreSS OOOaS and bright colorings, regular ocr
35c value, for ""t
45-inch extra fine quality Henrietta, the regular 65c Q
33-inch all pure Wool Venetian Cloth, in popular gravs, tans, browns, blues,
castor and greens, the best value ever offered, and well Cf)-
worth 76c, for 3UL
45-inch Bannockburn Tweed Suiting, the correct thing for skirts, all Q
the latest colorings, a regular 85c cloth, for J L
X7-3cfi nrr4c -0 pieces fall styles in 24-iuch Calico, indigo blue, C
WtKsIl VJUUtlb regular 6c quality, per yard -C
2"0 pieces 31-inch Percale1!, in reds, navy and China blue, in styles suit- QI.
able for children's ch'-ol dreses. regular 10c quality, per yard OjL
A large variety of colors in our 25c and 35c quality French Sateens, 1 C
Foulard desagus, will close out the lot at, per yard 1 J l
Just received. IOT
Sets, frold trac
t. h 3 p e s . li:
ran rt Striped
Woo t-ilt ltoxc,
vorth Kc: oe
solid ruhber roii.
One lot of Chocolate
Pots, worta up to
fl.75; special 69c
Sheet Music Hits.
For Ever and for You.
The Fatal Rose of Red.
Pliny, Come Kiss Your Baby. '
Ma' Lady Lit.
I'm Certainly Leading a Rag-time Life.
I'd Like to Hear That Song Again.
I Can't Tell Why I Love You, but I Do.
Ma' Tiger Lily.
She Rests by the Smvanec River.
ThU fine Roldcn Oak Bird In a Gilded Cage.
Combination HooK- , !-,. -,-..: 1
expand n An Innocent oung Maid.
De! was t-j S
taw. now. O INSTRUMENTAL,
American Guard March and Two-Step.
L-ght of Hope Waltzes.
Roses and Lilacs Waltz.
Smoky Mokes March and Two-Step.
Bunch o' Blackberries.
All 50c regular, Cut Price 23c
ly In the southwest, and after rising but
,i littlo way, would seem to sink again be
neath tho horizon. Every day, however, it
wou'd mount a little higher than the day
before, and by the middle of summer, be
friro the glow in the sky told of the setting
sun. It would rise again. In this season
wa rarely retired until 1 a. m.. and the
streets were always crowded with miner,
as this Is the busy reason for them, and
3 o'clock in the morning found about the
same number or people on the streets as
"In the winter the sun rUes about It
o'clock in the forenoon and sets between
3 and 4 in the afternoon. This Is a very
dull bcason. Rtlll persons manage to enjoy
themc ves. The colJcst weather I have
experienced was last winter, when, for
about a week, the thermometer registcrci
' degrees below zero. This Is very rare,
the average temperature being about from
SO to 35 degrees below- zero in the winter.
AVe suffered ho discomfort from the weath
er, however. The men war long fur boots
In the coldest weather and fur coats and
caps, or hood. The women dress much the
same as they do here in the winter, about
the onl difference being that in Alaska
they wear shoes of deerskin, which are very
warm. When the weather Is extraordinarily
cold they war hoods, but for the most
part they use common headgear, as la the
Fortune in ."Vovrnnapern..
"The newspapers are right up to date,"
said Mrs. Miles, unfolding, a v-opy of tho
Nome- Dally News, the principal tcature of
which was the numbir of saloon advertise
"There nre always enough important
events occurring to make a breezy news
paper every dy, and the men who own and
puol.sh It ate prospering. Not counting the
amount of money received for advertise
ments, look at tne editorial page, at the
subscription rates T5 cints per copy, U pr
n..l. fWi r.v .it mnnllKr nnri 1!& tm- v.vir.
Even the weekly edition is 12 a vear. Think I
of the enormous profit realized trom tha
sales of a paper in a town which by this I
time Will UUMAl UL UCdilf V,WV lllllUUUatJi,
none of whom knows his neighbor, and
whose only source of information is tho
"To quote a few prices In vogue at Nome
now. coal last winter brought JIM a ton.
gasoline $1 a gallon, alcohol IIS a gallon.
Six small quinine capsules cost SO cents.
Some one Imported a cow. the only one In
Nome, last w inter, and her milk sold for
as high as $2.50 a quart. It Is jald that
the owner made several thousand dollars'
clear profit from this cow, and, although
the milk was sometimes very thin, as It
gets In St, Louis sometime, no ono regis
tered a complaint,
"In the latter part of the winter the sup
ply of rtesh meat gave out, and this cow.
which was several yearn old, wa sold to a
local butcher for JSOO. who. In turn, made
a large profit off her meat. .However,
with the stampede to Nome last spring,
Cash Prices Are
New Fall Millmcry-lS 'S1
some draped scarf falling over the hair; in four 1 A ft
colors, for 1 T'U
The Lady Roberts A very chic hat of the season draped with
large polka dot ilk scarfs; in four colors, 1 IO
The Ladysmilh A very much wanted hat this season; HZr
in six colors, for Sl.-8, $1.00 and -"-'
A special Turban, fully trimmed, in six colors, O QO
ready to wear; worth 55.03, now LiJ
The Janice Meredith A verj handsome, stylish hat.1 QQ
entirely new, in all the choice colors, for ' -'
CcVra Men's fine Worsted Pants, latest stripe and
wlJ lillll check patterns, cut in the most fashionable
style, serviceable linings, regular 4.00 and .J4.50; O QQ
special.... ........ . .. ............... .
Youths Long Pants Illue Cheviot Suits, coat single-breasted
sacque cut in newest fall fashion, very durable and suitable
for dress or business wear; sizes 14 to 20 v ears; regu- A QO
lar 7.50: special - ". VJ
Boys Knee Pants Blue Cheviot Suits, pants made with
double seat and knees, strongly sewn with linea thread,
good farmer's satin linings; regular $4.75, 2 A O
special .. .... ............. ..............---' IU
Bovs Navv and Light Bine Cadet Caps, trimmed with O C .
braid, solid patent leather peaks; regular 50c, special.." J
Youths' All-Wool Tweed Pants, dressy patterns in checks,
stripes and mixtures, cut in fashionable widths, I CC
regular 2.00 and 2.50, special l J'-'
just the Q
I5o Fancy Deco
rated r r u 1 1
woll made, worth
worth Sl.30; spe
north I5c dot;
tpeclal. 1 9c
Jars, I quart,
worth 75c dot,
La Vida Corsets
La Vida, the real whalebone
bias-cut Corset, in many new
straight front effects for ev
ery variety of figure. La Vida
is specially designed to re
duce abdominal prominence
without increasing waist
measure, and combines grace
and elegance of figure with
ease and comfort.
Prices, $2.50 to $15.00.
We Are Sole Agents for La Vida.
cattle and every kind of supplies were
brought to the city and the prices went
down. . . ,
Hot IJnyx In Alaska.
"In the winter the ice stretches In one
long sheet as far out In the ocean as the
eye can reach. In one nUht this ice. which
la sometimes six feet thick, will break up
and float away, and the next morning the
bay Is as placid as In the summer.
"It Is always a lime of great excitement
when a steamer reaches Nome. The shore
Is thronged Wltn a disck mas ui vV.
eagerly awaiting the arrival cf friend', or
the mall, of which a great deal arrives on
every Mcamer. Since the rush of last car
began business men of all sorts have poured
into the city, and there Is considerable ri
valry in every line. The town now sup
ports fifteen urug stores, and the PP
etors all make money. Wages are very high,
a carpenter, for Instance, sometimes re
ceiving J1.E0 an hour. The hotel rates are
in proportion, at one time last .summer it
being impossible to obtain a room for less
than $100 a month, and board was charged
nt the same ratio. A person could obtain
a fair meal for Jl. but it does not take
much exertion to cat a Jw dinner.
"On tho whole, I am not sorry that I
went to Alaska, and prize the knowledge
that I obtained very highly. One thing
more the Indltns who inhabit that part
of the country have often been described
as very numerous and dingerous. Com
paratively speaking, there are but few In
dians In the neighborhood, and the malaria,
which is prevalent this- year, carried off a
great many of thtm. They are very us
IU1. however, and make nt-arly all of our
fancy baskets and fur clothes. They are
"Another prevalent Idea is that it is ex
tremely cold In Alaska both summer and
winter. In the summer it gets warm
enough to be unpleasant, the thermometer
often reading as high as 85 degrees tahren-
the windows out ot the house on account of
tie het. When the warmest weather ar
rives the mosquito Is sometimes out. but
not in force, or we could not open our win
dows. The druggists sell Ice cream and cold
twit annKS in tne summer.
Trinkets From the Indian,
"There are few reindeers u'd in that
part of the country. Instead, dogs nearly
as largo and strong as wolves are used to
haul sledges. These dogn are prized very
highly and often bring as high as JsOO a
tem. We often ate reindeer steaks, for
which we paid a fabulous price."
Mrs. Miles has In her possession several
trinkets and valuable articles which she
brought from Nome, and the collection Is
very Interesting. Among them is a piece
of a walrus tooth, about four Inches long
by two Inches wide and a quarter or an
lech thick. On either side are quaint draw
ings made by Indians, who presented the
tooth to Mrs- MlleA In appearance they
are very much similar to the drawing or the
aboriginal Indians which formerly appeared
October Patterns, Delineators and
Fall Books now ready.
New Fall and
Now rcn'ly for mailiog. Send in
name lor one. Slotted tree.
T niltwe TiTev TAtiV
)316fy ace Lisle Thread Hose,
also Imported Cotton, in fancy polka
dots and tan color, high spliced heels
and toes, French feet; regular 1 Cp
price 25c and 35c. 7 for 1.00. or A -
Ladies' Ifine Gauge Topsy Black Cot
ton Hose, ribbed tops, full seamless
double heel and toe; were 15c 1 f")..
now, per pair 1UL
Ladies Imported Freneh Lisle Thread
Hose, Richelieu ribbed, tipped white
heel and toe, extra high spliced heel
and toe; also plain black; were OC-
4Sc now- LiJ
Children's Fine Gauge Artificial Silk
Hose, lxl ribbed, and Fine Fast Black
Imported Cotton, spliced heel and toe,
double knees, mostlv large siie; 1 Hlr
worth 25c and 35c 3 for 50c, or ' 2-
in school histories. Several animals ar
represented end In one place a man seams ,
to be catching a fish, which is much larger
than himeir. Tho Indians polish .these '
fragments of teeth and make the drawings
with some sort ot a liouid which Is indeil-
ble. Mrs. Mile has several baskets, com
posed or varl-coiorcu straws woven ioginer
and showing that considerable skill has
been used In their manufacture. She- alao
hao several photographs, one of which
i-bows a ball game on the Ice The others
are lewt or the bay and scenery near
Nome. Among her curios Is a pair of
eagle's claws, the feathers, or fur. -which it
seems most to resemble, being pure white,
nnd the claws two Inches In length. Mrs.
Mile-, said that the natural color of theso
eagles was a brownish gray, but in tha
winter the feathers turn white.
PICNIC FOR GERMAN ORPHANS.
Will Be Given Next Sunday, Post
poned From July 8.
The annual picnic of the German Evangelical-Lutheran
Hospital and Orphans Home
Association will be held next Sunday, Sep
tember 16, In Hoehn's Grove, opposite 0Fal
lon Park. The picnic was originally sche
duled for July 8, but was postponed on ac
count of the street railway strike, and tick
ets sold for that date will be received at tho
The picnic will continue all day. The fea
ture or the rooming wfll bo the arrival of
the orphans trom Des Peres, Mo., at 9
o'clock. The children will bo given a light
luncheon and will then attend morning serv
ice, which will commence at 10:30 o'clock.
The sermon will be delivered by the Rever
end p. It. Kretzschmar of Emmaus Church.
An afternoon service will be held at 3
o'clock and the Reverend P. A, Poppe will
deliver the sermon, A short report ot tho
Orphans Home and hospital will ba made
at the close or the sermon by President F.
GoebeL Male and mixed choirs under tho
direction of II. W. C Waltke will render
musical selections-. The music will be un
der the directions of Carl Schaefer of Em
VIA MISSOURI PACIFIC RAILWAY AND
Iron Mountain Route.
To points in the West, Southwest and
Southeast, at half rates (plua JZ00) for tha
round trip. Tickets on sale Tuesdays. Sep
tember is. October 2 and 16, 1300. H. F.
Berkley. Ticket Agent, OUve street, corner
Broadway, St. Louis.
I 15? Mf '
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