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7 ' srJ:-- WTieRTRAKQuTOlWETMORELnNI) PLACE,. I
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EJT""FHTS?ANCE TO 'PORTLAT-l.D'PLfXCIv
THE MADISON POOLROOM, WHERE
THE PUBLIC LOST MUCH MONEY.
Contrast Between the Cheap Building and
WHllTK-V FOR; THE StWDAT REPUBLIC.
The eloslns of th Madison. 111., poolroom
test Bprtap marked th passim? of one of the
most notorious and at the i&rne Umo ono
of th most remarkablo tambllng resorts In
this section of the country. In the dilapi
dated frame shack which Is huddled down
behind a railway embankment on the limits
of Madison and which Is now surrounded
by weeds and underbrush, moi money ha
chanrtd hands within tho past few years
than In many of the noted gambllne-houses
at Saratoga, and elsewhere. It Is doubtful
If any' other poolroom In the country ever
did, so much harm to the Interests of the
turf by antagonizing public s-ntlment.
The most remarkable feature about the
room was Its absolute lack of comfort and
Its extreme shabblness as contrasted with
the vuros which were passed dally through
the rough wooden partition and over the
plain unpointed boards which served as
counters. Enough money in bets was han
dled dally to constitute a handsome fortune,
and a very small proportion of this money
rer found Its way back to the public
The house lUelf Is a plain board affair,
unpalnted and lying behind a high railroad
embankment just outsldo tho limits of tbu
town of Madison. It Is titrated Just across
the oounty road from the old Madison
track, and lies close to the border line of
th oounty. This last feature has proved
of value to Its proprietors at times, as by
moving' tho house across tha county line
wfcen & raid was threatened, they have
avoided action by the county authorities.
The structure Itself Is about 10) feet In
length by 50 In width, and has one large
room In Its Interior. The roof Is a plain
ridged affair like that on the average barn,
which, by the way, tho room closely re
sembles. Along one side of the houe Is a
row of windows, the glass In which was
never washed from the time It was flrst
put In. At either end of the structure was
a pair of swinging dodrs, and a small build
ing for uso as a saloon was attached to
one corner. A wooden sidewalk Inclined
down from tho tracks to the door of tho
The Interior of the houso was one largo
room. A row of seats capable of accom
modating about or.e-tenth of the room's
patrons ran along one side of the place.while
on the other was a long wooden partition
about five feet high, behind which the oper
ators of the place eat nnd received bets.
Windows were cut In the walls at Intervals
of a few feet, and here bots were received
on races occurring at nearly every point In
the United States.
The cashier's window was located at ono
end of the partition and upon a raised plat
form behind it tat tbt telegraph operator,
who called oif the positions of the horses
at the various MisC3 of the race. A long
blackboard ran along the wall behind him.
on which the names and odds of tite nurses
wero posted by an attendant.
From the windows of tho poolroom the
only prospect was a view of the old Madi
son track acros3 the road and of a few
distant factories. In the other direction
the railway embankment shut oft the view
and at the front entrance was a little
cabin occupied by negroes, where the women
habitues of the place were allowed to re
main by paying a small fee. The ground
whereon the room was situated was low and
damp, and no more thoroughly dismal and
uninviting place can be Imagined.
The house was flrst built and operated
by the well-known character Tom Walsh,
"who afterwards had trouble with the police
of this city when he attempted to run a
poolroom here, Walsh Htted up the house
as a gambling establishment, installed rou
lette tables, crap and poker games and
wheels of fortune. The room was tirst
opened when the Madison track was run
ning In full blast, and If any person escaped
with his money from the track be stood a
good chance of dropping It at the gambling
house. When betting on races was made Illegal
by the Illinois legislature, both track ami
room closed down, and for two winters tho
tracks at Spof tsmen's Tark and South Side
furnished a medium for gambling to those j
afflicted with the betting fevor. When !
those courses closed down, however, the
Madison room sprang Into being In the new
role of a poolroom, the other gambling fea
tures being discontinued. "With the Institu
tion of the blackboards and bookmakers'
paraphernalia In place of the roulette and
crap tables, there commenced one of tho
most extraordinary periods of gambling ever
seen in any locality.
The gambling was noteworthy for sever
al reasons. In the first place an exhibition
was given dally of the actual hardships a
certain element will undergo for the take
of betting. At the same time It Illustrated
numerous old sayings about fools and their
money, as the strangle-hold betting game
Introduced by the proprietors was such as
to give the gambler the most Innniteslmal
Fhow for his money. Finally It was re
markable to notice tho contrasts between
the fittings of the place and tha social
status, or lack of status, of Its patrons
with the tremendous sums taken In un the
As regards the hardships which the bet
tors underwent. It must be remembered that
nine-tenths of the attendants came from
St. IjOuIs and had to make a trip of about
ten miles through the most unattractive
district of the oltv. paying '. cents for their
ride, before they could reach the room. As
there were scarcely rnough 5eats for a
tenth of tho patrons, the greater number
had to stand during the the entire afternoon.
And as the 'dace flourished to the fullest
extent In winter, while the heating nas
supplied by two stoves, the discomfort of
such a shed whose doors were constantly
letting in cold air while the wind also came
throush the cracks In the walls, can easily
The prices or odds given again the hors-
were curiosities In their way. About one
half the odds given at the tracks whore the
races wore run was tho prevailing figure at
Madison, anil when the sheets of the book
makers were made up it usually resulted
in at hast CO Per cent of the money bet on
each rare staying in the pockets of the
These odds eiplaln tho enormous profits
of the bookmaker? which were fairly un
prfcedonud In the annals of gambling.
The dally amount of liets as close on to
$1,"H and on occasions of large stake races
was doubled or trebled. The amount passed
over the counter weekly would enslly aver
age $2n.'Vl. and It Is safe to say that J1S.C0O
of this sum stayed with the bookmakers.
A jirollt of $13,000 a week meanis a trifle
over J0,f) per month, or about $059,030 dur
ing the ten months of the year that tho
place was accustomed to be kept open. As
this average was kept up for nbout four
years. It can be stated that over $2,500,000
has been lost In n dilapidated frame shack
whose own intrinsic value Is probably about
$2ol). Over a million dollars a year was
handled in this room, nnd tho before-mentioned
profits show nhat a violent contrast
exists between the business and the place
It might bo expected that the men fur
nishing this vast sum to the bookmakers
would be Person of Inexhaustible resource
and a large bank roll. Far from this being
the case, however, the average patron of
the resort was some deluded worktngman
who would go there week after week on
Saturdays and lose his wages. Clerks, boys,
a few women and an occasional wealthy
man made up the balaneo of tho patrons.
The place was raided on two occasions,
but in each Instance was Immediately re
opened again. On one occasion when the
authorities of the county In which tha room
was then located showed an Intfntlon of
raiding the place, a switch engine was at
tached to tho house and it was drawn
bodily across the county line. Last winter
the Grand Jury met and indicted th pro
prietors of the concern, and the result was
Its Instant closing.
From the Youth's Companion.
THKRKare times when progress moves so
rapidly that It taxes a man's .strength to
keep abreast of civilization. Many of us
can sympathize with an unhappy-looking
Knglish farmer, who always shook his head
when the word "progress" was mentioned.
'What are you fo low about, my friend?"
some one asked him.
"Why." said he. "what wl' faith and gas
and balloons nnd steam-lnglnes a-boomlns
and a-(!zzl!ng through the warld. and what
wl' th "arth a-golng round once In twenty
four hours. I'm fairly muzzled and stagnated."
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THREE. fflOWN'S FOR YOVNO klRlS. Pn J
THE ARCTIC HIGHIiANDER.
W. A. Wyckoff In Scrlbner's.
IJJ whatever garb, a ropl wh pewstM
something of the exquisite charm of th
Japanese, recalling constantly. In look and
tone and manner, their Inborn elusive grace
touched with simple Joyousness and with
sadness so deep that one can read It In their
eyes and In the fine reserve which seems to
a Westerner to speak of ages of Inherited
serenity of soul to such a people. In what"
ever dress, one could not remain long in
different. Besides. It was soon evident that
wo had reached a world where there must
be a readjustment to common phys
ical facts: where, for example, there
Is little decay as we know de
cay, and where germs have a pre
carious hold: but where, for seven months
of the year, there Is no water except so
much as. by greatest economy of heat, can
be had by melting snow for the vital neces
sities of drink and food, while none can be.
spared for washing. Cleanliness, as all men
know who know little cr much of rougher;
life. Is a relative condition, and uncltanll
ness here not the uncleanllness nt th
1 lazar. but of active, quick-witted men Irrtnjj
the life of hnnters near the pole has none,
cr almost none, of the accompanying hor-'
rors of habitual uncleanllness In warm cli
mates. Besides, we were making acqaulntance
now, not with groups of natives In a mo
ment of passing, as at Cape Tork. but with
Individuals with whom we were to spend
much of the remaining summer. It was)
there that we met for the flrst time Tcn
Wee. one of the best hunters of the trlls
whose courage and experience and skill
Were to serve us admirably In our walrus,
shooting. Tong-Wee was a notable flgu.
at flrst sight. Well above the average
height of the Esijulmo, he stood perhaps I
five feet ten in kamiks. with his muscula
frame well set off by a suit of skins, and his
thick, black hair, parted in the middle, fall
ing to his shoulders and framing a strong
young face strikingly Indian In type.
The strwt3 are full of humnn toys.
Wound up for three-rcore rear;
Trclr springs are hunEtn, hopes anil Jot.
And ieolouslfs nnd tears.
They move their eyei. their lira, thtlr baada,
Ther ar marrelonsly dresied:
And hfre mr body ttlrs or stands.
A Dlajtlttnit like tha rest.
The toys r rJayttl with till thr fall.
Worn out and thrown away.
Why er they over mad at all?
Who pit to watch th I'lay?
TKese tKree little gowns are specimens of the correct Fall styles. The first is a cashmere, white dotted on a ground of red, with tucked red taffeta yoke.- The second is a
gray and white checked homespun -with black velvet, and the third a navy blue sailor suit of cornel's hair with narrow white braid trimming.
CLAY'S .FIRST SPEECH.
From Collier's Wrtkly.
Henry Clay, as a young msn, was e
tremely bashful, although he possessed un
common brightness of Intellect and fasci
nating address, without effort making His
little he knew pass for much more. In tha
early part of his career he settled In Iex- I
Ington. Va.. where he found the society
most congenial, though the clients seemed
somewhat recalcitrant to tho young law
yer. He Joined a dcbatlrg society at Jengtl I
but for several meetings he remained a si-.
lent listener. One evening, after a lengthy
debate, the subject was being put to a,
vote, when Clay was heard to observe soft- '
ly to a friend that the matter In question
was by no means exhausted. He was at
once asked to speak, and, after some hesi
tation, rose to his feet. Finding himself
thus unexpectedly confronted by an audi
ence, he was covered with confusion, and
began, as he had frequently done In Imag
inary appeals to the court: "Gentlemen o
the Jury." The titter that ran through tha
audience only served to heighten his em
barrassment, 'and the obnoxious phrase
fell from his lips again. Then he gathered
himself together and launched Into a per
oration so brilliantly lucid and Impassioned
that it carried the house by storm, and laid
the cornerstone to his future greatness: his
first case coming to him as a result of this
speech, which some consider the finest he
The nlrht hn laat 1 law my lad
Ilia ryti nrrs bruht and wet.
He took my two hands In ola own,
' Tis well." saye he, "m'n icet.
Aathore macftrte' the like o me.
I bid ye now forget."
Ah. sure the same'a a thrtSln thlnr.
'Tld more I'd do for him!
I mind the nlKW I promised wall.
Anay on Dallandlm
An every little while or o
1 tho forgetlln Jim.
It shouldn't take that long to ao.
An him not very tall:
7ti rjjare the way I'll hear Ma voice.
A boy that's out o call
An' whiles I frv him atand as plain
A e'er a six-foot walL
Och. never fear, ray Jewell
I'd forget y now this mlnota.
If I only had a notion
O the way I should basin Jt;
But lirst and last It Isn't known
The heap o' throuble la it.
Myself becan tha night y wast
An' hasn't done It yet;
I'm nearly fit to lira it as.
For wbert'i th m to tntl
An' the morning' larny i
wia nunaia to xercax, -