Newspaper Page Text
THE REPUBLIC: FETD'AY. SEPTEMBER 14. 1900.
NO CHECK ON THE
GHOULS ON MAINLAND.
GOAL FAMINE NOW FACES THE CITIES.
Shocking Stories of Vandalism
Come Into Galveston From
OVER 200 BODIES IN SIGHT.
Band of Thieves Have Terror
ized the Small Remaining
Population by Their
Galveston. Tex.. Sept, 12. The total num
ber of bodies of victims of the Gilveston
Etonn burled at sea was TOO before that
method of sepulture was abandoned.
Horrible reports were brought In to-night
regarding the looting and mutilating of
bodies washed ashore at Virginia" Point,
where a band of humsn fiends, both white
and black, have located and terrorized the
few law-abiding citizens, engaged In orgies,
robbed the dead and perpetrated Innumer
Birney Baldwin ctrao through Virginia
Point to-day en the way here to osoertaln
the fata of his wife. His description of
outrages perpetrated upon the bod'es of
women washed ashore are not printable.
He walked eight miles from where he
left the train to re-ch Virginia Point, and
In that distance passed over 200 bodies lying
on the prairie. On a little cope near Vir
ginia Point he counted the bodies of twelve
babies that had lodged there, and near by
ITS bodies of adults, most of them nude.
CJarcaewes of dead animals were slrown
everywhere and the pniirto was littered
with household furniture and clothlmr
men loot rs
secured nv the vaxdals.
Baldwin stated that among the loot gath
ered by these Inhuman wretches was a large
silver prize vase, and upon tt was engraved
tha name of C C Jones. They also had
seised a valuable trunk, which had washed
ashore, Clled with fine clothing, and notch
contained photos and valuable Jewolry.
Other perron who came with Baldwin
confirm bis story
One of the Southern Pacific pile drivers
Used In the terminal Improvement here was
ANOTHER GULF HURRICANE.
New Orleans La., Sept 1 A second hur
ricane struck the Gulf coaet to-day. coming
from the direction of Texas and extending
ns far as Pensacoli.
Port Eads. at the mouth of the Mllssis
slppi, seemed to be about Its center. The
wind reached forty-eight miles an hour at
Port Eads, and Is said to have reached
seventy miles at Pensacola, but very little
harm was done.
Host of the points In its range, however,
ore cut off from communication with New
Orleans by the destruction of the telephone
and telegraph wires, and all the details are
not In yet. Tho points which can be
reached say that they suffered no loss. Tha
telegraph to Port Eads Is down again for
the second time this week Vessels there
were, warned not to put to sea.
On tbs Mississippi Gulf Coast trepa nr.fl
summer houe-j were blown down and two i
The LoulsvlHo and Nftshville Railroad
Buffered come Injuries from the blow and
sent out two wrecking trains.
Several loaded freight can were blown
from their tracks at Lookout by the vio
lence of the wind.
Mobile. Ala.. Sept. 13. A strong gale has
been blowing here since morning The ve
locity reached thirty-five miles, the lowest
barometer reading 2S.C9 The river Is rlgh
and there Is umi appr-benslon hkt tt.
wharves and Front street may be flooded
to-night. No damage has been reported.
The storm developed from the south and
was unexnected by the Weather Hurrnn
One hundred families on the eastern shoro
opposite Mobile ar. cut off from boito?
wire communication, and relative, here are
anxious. There are reports of a sixty-mils
wind on the coast, but the wires are down
and this cannot bs verified.
- fabrooke, Tex.. Sept. 13There
are bat few people left here, and
they ore starving and need clothing,
Thi-ty-three out of thirty-four
. V boues have Coated away and twenty-
on persoca were drowned In this
Utile placa. Tha distress Is appallng.
R. IL LARAJJER.
ASSURANCES OF SAFETY.
(Telegrams Received From Texas by
Anxious St. Louis Relatives.
Telegrams have been received by a num
ber of St. Loulsans who had relative,1. In
Galveston, announcing tht fact that they
are safe. R. E. Bradford of No. 3Ui Lucas
avtnue received a dispatch from his wife,
announcing that she and all her family are
alive. Bradford Is supervising agent ot the
Railway Officials Accident Association of
Indianapolis. Ind.. and his wife and family
"were visiting friends in Galveston at the
time of tbe great storm.
Mr. and Mrs. Uen Kimball of St. Louis
also received woid from Mr. and Mrs- Kear
ney Mason of GalveBton. statins tbat they
are out of danger. F. O. Becker, general
agent ot the St Louis Committee of Ex
ecutive Railway Officials, received a tele
gram, announcing tbe safety of hta family.
George Rutx-lmann of the Rubclmann
Lucas Hardware Company received a tele
gram from his brother-in-law, Augustus
Jleldenhelmer, announcing his safety. Mr.
Reldenbelmer was In St. Louis a few da) 3
before the storm, and left his wife and
children here when he returned to Galves
ton. Their anxiety was Intent until the
receipt of the telegram yesterday announ
cing his safety.
WENT THROUGH IT IN SAFETY.
ffwo St Louis Pullman Conductors
Were In the Storm.
Armond F. Alphonse of No. 1915 Warren
vtrcet and Adelbert Beecher of No. 431
Cook avenue, Pullman conductors on the
"Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railroad, re
turned to their homes yesterday from Gal
veston. Tex., where they passed through
tha storm in safety. Their return was a
great relief to tbetr families, who at first
were unable to obtain any lnformalalon re
Both were guet of the Trement Houo
at Galveston, and watched tbe development
of the storm from Saturday morning. Ac
cording to Mr. Beecher- account of the dis
aster, the signs of the approaching storm
were evident at an early hour Saturday on
account of the dork skies and the high
waves in the bay.
At 11 o'clock in the morning ot tbe fatal
day the wavei bad increased in size and
the water on the beach rose steadily in
height. By 1 o'clock In the afternoon tbe
water had risen three teet. and as Galves
ton is only four feet above tbe water, some
little alarm was feit. There was not tne
slightest premonition of what was actually
coming, according to Mr. Beecher.
At 6 o'clsck the water had risen through
all tbe streets of the city, and the wind
bad risen to probably elghtly miles an
hour. At C o'clock the wind burst upon
tbe city in all Its fury, and the gale rose
to 126 miles an hour. Many persons who
vers unable to cet home, crowded Into the
. lobby ot the Tremont House, and almost at
the aune time ths water In the corridors
"began to rise, and coon was three feet
The gas and eTeetrlo lights of tbs "hotel
AN UGLY CLASH
Galveston. Sept, 11 (By Western
Union Dispatch Boat to Houston.)
Galveston Is now under martial law,
by whose orders has not been pro
claimed, and friction has already
arisen between the civil authorities
nnd the military. The military patrol
tho streets". Impress citizens regard
ies of cost or condition, and ret
them to work. At night all places
of business are closed by
and citizens are not allowed upon the
streets after that hour unless they
possess a pass from the officer in
The sentries on the street corners
do not recognize the pasaes Issued by
Major Jones and Ignore him and his
poilco force. If a person Is halted
and found without a pass and can
not give a good excuse for being on
the street alter 9 p. m. he Is marches
on to JalL Mayor Jones Is highly
Indignant because, as be thinks- his
authority is usurped, and law-ab'.dlns
citizens ere hot because they are
heM up and subjected to delay when
on errands of relief.
carried by the waves and wind Cfteen milea
Inland and deposited In a pear orchard at
All railways expect to have their trains
running to Virginia Point by the latter part
of thn week, hut it will be a mouth or more
before their bridges are repaired bo trains
The shooting of negroes for looting was
reported to Captain Rafferty, commanding
Company O. First United States Artillery,
that he had been forced to shoot live ne
groes. They were In the act of takln?
Jewelry from a dead woman's body. The
soldier ordered them to desist and placed
them under arrest.
One of the number whipped out a revol
ver and the &ldier shot him. The others
made for tha eoldler and be shot all of
could not be need, the water having found
Its way to the engine-rooms and put out
tho fires. In the meantime the storm was
devaitatirg the city and was wiping out
whole districts, leaving, however, the
neighborhood of the Tremont House fairly
free At o'clock the waters begun to re
cede, and by Sunday morning the wind had
lowered to -mth an extent, la company with
the receding waters, that it was evident the
storm was over
All provisions were conSscated by order
of the authorities, and the survivors were
fiut on rations The ghouls, who Immedlate
y started robbing the dead, were shot down
whenever caught, nrd tr dead bodka them
selves were ordered to be burled at oncn.
i In spite of this means of putting a stop
en the spread of pestllnce. the conditions
in tne city were rrigntrui. the streets be
ing strewn with the dead bodies of human
belies and animals, and there belg no
available drinking water. This last was
evn more serious than the scarcity of pro-Vi-Ions.
The declaration of martial law had a
wholesome effect on the lawless element,
and by Tuesday afternoon relief began to
arrlv. Hoth Bcecher and Alphonse left the
city Tuesday, and at that time It was
thought that the dead would number be
tween 5.000 and IQ.CXtf.
TAKES A BRIDE WITH HIM.
Doctor H. G. Gould's Friends Will
Be Surprised To-Day.
When Doctor Harold O. Gould of No.
VVH Compton avenue bade good-by to ail
his friends who had gathered to see Mm
off yesterday, on tils trip to h's future
remotest Idea thit newoufd h S?srr5 h
Kftrlh. w, .hi ?,JouLl8.m.1n?5?.
norao in t.i j'oso. Tex., they had not the
knowledge of the young medico's matri
monial intentions But Instead of directly
boarding h! train when he got to Union
Station Doctor Gould met hU fiancee. MIsj
Anita M. Jordan, who had arrived from
her home In Davenport. la., and In the Ter
minal Hotel. In the presnce of the phvsl
cian's mcther tho oung couple were mar
ried And Inter tho three departed for EI
PaFO, Tex There they will cass the'r hon
eymoon and will mike thMr homo. And
none of tha doctor's friends will know that
he Is married until the,y read or tha event
As he has been employed by a firm a-j
chemist In El Paso. Tex., Doctor Gould
was much out of town lately Therefore
his friends never Knew when he was In
Iowa courting his bride. They nlwayr sup
posed him to bo busy In Texas But hl3
mother knew of hU vlsltB In both State3
and said nothlnc
Not long ago the doctor announced th-it
his new position made it necessary for
him to live In Texas. His friends were
Borry to loss him. but they suspected
nothing else The wily doctor vlclted his
bride and told her Just when to meet him
and accordingly they met yesterday anJ
HISTORIC NEW YORK HOUSES.
Two Mansions Around Which
There Lingers an Air of Gloom.
Thero is a sign. "To Lease or For Bale."
on tha white marble hcuss on tho corner
of Fifth avenue and Thirty-fourth stroet,
which was built and occupied by A. T.
Stewart, and there is a similar sign on tha
brown stone house three doors west of this.
No. 7 West Thirty-fourth street, which wt-s
the residence of Stewart's confidant. Henrv
Hilton. The marble palace was occupied
for a few years by the Manhattan CUb,
but It proved unfortunate for them, and
they moved last year to smaller and less
expensive quarters down In Madison
rquiira. Stewart's house ruined the man
who built It. for he erred In his calcula
tions, by contracting at too low a figure,
but he was kept to the strict letter of his
bond, all appeals to the millionaire owner
for mercy being In vain. Neither of these
two houres calls ud particularly pleasant
recollections. There was not much inire
life in them when they were occupied by
their owners than there Is to-day. with tho
shutters closed. Both of them contained
valuable art works, but these were soll.im
seen by any but their owners. Stewart's
collection was rich. Among other notable
works it Included Rosa Bonhcur's "Horse
Fair" and Meissonlcr"s "1S07." Both of
these paintings now hang in the Metropoli
tan Museum of Art. Years ago, w hen New
Tear's calls were still In vogue. Mrs.
Stewart followed the fashion and threw
open her doors to a favored few but I do
not remember hearing of any other rjcep
tions being held thero or any dinners on en
tertainments being given. Prior to the
building of the marble house Mr. Stewart
occupied as a residence: the brown si one
houso opposite northeast corner Fifth ave
nue and Thirty-fourth street, now tto
Knoedler Art Gallery. The Hilton resi
dence was also a very quiet one; the Judge
was rarely seen in New York society, his
later years were embittered, not without
good reason, and he felt mortified and
chagrined at the utter failure which ho
made in handling the Stewart properties.
SAM B. COOK'S BROTHER DEAD.
His Wife and Four Children Also
Perished With Him.
Mexico. Mo., btrpt. 13. Sam B. Cook of
tblvclty. Democratic candidate for Secie
tafy of State, to-day received a telegram
announcing the death of his brother, W.
Scott Cook, together with his wife and four
children, at Galveston, Tex., during the
tVhtre'er a slnzU ilare doth pin,
t XV hcr'er cne man may help mother.
Thank God for ftuch a birthplacs. brother
Ttiat (pot on arth U thine uid taint:
Tur is tho tru man's blrthouua crandt
UU is a worldwlaa zatatruuull
Continued From Pane One.
lar.d. W. e know tha great power of tho pub
lic press In molding public sentiment.
"With an abiding faith In the Justtco of
our causo and a consciousness of the knowl
edge that whosoever else may vllllfy an.l
abuse us. the Great Jehovah knows und
understands tho rectitude of our purpose.
we appeal to the American peoplo and to
the American press as the greatest arbiters
on earth, to assist us and sustain us In
our hour of trial.
"On behalf of the National Executive
Board. United Mlno Worker of America,
wo are. sincerely jours.
"JOHN MITCH KM
"W. B. WII.SOX.
llusr Day nt Ileudquarters.
To-day was a busy one at hpndnutirfpr.q.
All day long telegrams were being received
nnu sent out anu to-nignt President .Mitchell
has enough messages to till two plgeoa-
II holes In his desk. What these messages ,
contained was not given out. J
Sccietary-TteJsurer Wilson and Us foro '
of clerks were busy answering the huavy
i m.lll rtint Pima In li.n.l.lnit ., ...... .ti...
( nialters. and throughout all of the otllcea
i l?ere WI" an nlr or subdued excitement.
i icqunni) me two enter executive omcers
of the organization ne'e closeted together
In consult j tion upon bome phasa of tho sit
uation, brought by the n3 from the lieu
tenants In the lit Id
There Is practically no meam of arriving
at any estimate of the resources of tha
miners available for the maintenance of
... t.vi,k1.t .n La ...IT.... . I... k. . .,...
v i President Mitchell and Secretary-Treasurer
vvuson. me latter me oillclal Head of tho
Finance Department of the organUatlsn,
MINERS ARE ENTHSJSiASTIC;
SOME HAVE ALREADY STRUCK.
Beranton, Pa., Sept. 11 The strike of the
anthracite miners of the Lackawanna Val
ley Is now practically on. for every mlno
was to-day shortinnded. The Dodge and
the Bellevue collieries of tho Lackawanna
cermpanj were entirely shut dawn.
Tho ManvlIIe colliery worked only a por
tion of tha day. and all through the upper
j valley there, was almo-rt complete stoppage,
excepting that the men obejed the order of
National Clmmlttceman Dllcher and Presl
dent Nichols of this district to dean up thier
places and remove their tools.
The United Mine Workers' officers here
deprecate all stoppages In advance They
want the order properly carried out, but
will not restrain the men from Immediate
action. They aro assured that on .Monday
next there will be a complete response to
tho strike order.
Miners Heady at Sharookln.
Shamokln, Pa., Sept 13. All the United
MIn Workers' local branches were largely
attended by members In this placo and at
Mount Carmel thtj evening, when the not oe
of President Mitchell ordering a strike was
The men declared tbey would obey tho
proclamation to the letter. The Executlvo
Board of tho district was to have met to
night to map out a plan of campaign
against the operators, but. owing to the ab
sence of John Fahey, president of tho dis
trict, the meeting was deferred until to
"Mother" Mary Jones and Mr. Taney ad
dressed 1.C00 unorgan'zed miners at Locujt
Gap to-night and urged them to Join tbo
One hundred men quit work to-day.
Some Oat nt Wllliesbnrre.
Wilkesbarre. Pa.. Sept. 13. Nearly nil tho
local assemblies of the United Mlno Work
ers held meetings to-night to tako action
on President Mitchell's strike order.
There Is still a big difference of opinion as
to how many men will go out In this region.
Nothing can be based upon the membership
of tho United Mine Workers' organization.
It Is admitted by tho operators that all
the miners who are affiliated with the union
will cult work, but how many men outside
cf the organization will lay down their tools
Is all guesswork.
All employes reported for work, and they
SILVER FOR SOLDIERS.
Uncle Sam's Hoys Find Wealth Too
Heavy to Curry.
Reading. Pa.. Sept. 13. William L. Graul
of Tempie. berks County, received on in
teresting letter riom nii son. R. W. Graul,
a soldier In China, recently. The letter Is
dated Tlen-Tsln, and s-iuier urnui writes:
v, Ao'X .,', i, ,Vir n.iv rT.d lV,h'" allquor produced from barley: But
No doubt uu have alrtad) rtud In tha .,., , ',,,,, rnm,Mr,,iWiv mn.w.i.
newspapers about the big 1 utile wc fought
in taking Tlen-Tsin on Jul) 13. Wo started
r fire nt 2 lu m.. July LI. and were at It
until 2 a. m.. tbe following day, when tho
Japanese blew up the Katvk leading tu tbo
city ur.d entered, and the 11-gs of many
nations were bwung.to the breeze, but not
before at least 2vun cf the allied forcea
Were killed und wot-nded. It was an awful
"My company was artillery. Wo had three
3-lnch and three Colt automatic guns. At i
u. in., our ammunition gave out. and we
were formed Into infantry, and fort -live of
us were picked out to carry ummunlt.on to
the Ninth Infantry, which was on the left
Hank. We hud a heavy lira to go under for
about a mile. Fifteen of our men were
wounded. An English officer said: 'The
courage of tho Americans la something
wonderful; they are bravo men. Indeed.'
The most horrible eight I ever witnessed
was when we went Into Tlen-Tsln. We
fnund dead men. women nnd children Dlled
up fully six feet high on the sneets. The pany was formed In Iondon. Up to the
loss of the Chinese was estimated ut M.llfl. Sixteenth Century English Leer was lery
"The entire city is burned to the ground, i poor, only flavored with broom, bay ber
and I wish vou could see the silver we got ' - !' berries, but In 1512 tho cultiva
out of the mint. Our officers got over .t ' ion of the hop plant was b-gun In Eng-
million dollars' worth. I have over Jl.frO
worth of the silver, but little good It will
do m. for we start on our march to
Pekln to-morrow, and I can't take it along.
I will leave It with some one to take care
of for me. Tbe silver Is In bars and somo
soldiers have over 1 10. 0.0 worth. 1 guess
we will all lose It after we leuve here.
"There is a correspondent with us from
a Indon paper. He says he was In South
Africa, and that the fighting there wi,uld
not compare with the battle of Tlen-Tsln.
The Japanese alone had over 8-t) killed and
wounded. They are fine little soldiers. They
laugh going Into battle and ore tho same
"I will never talk about the Filipino war
any more. It was simply nothing compared
JTame Rather Than Quality Often
Recommends Writing Paper.
There have been rome great changes in
the stationery trade within the last few
years. Formerly a stationer's stock wis
limited to a few varieties of paper, most
of which was flat and was aecompanled
by plain envelopes. Now an nlmoit end
less array composes It. So numerous hivo
varieties become that comparatively few
retail dealers pretend to keep anything but
staple goods, depending upon wholesale
houses to supply any special demand which
may arlne. It Is not easy to traco the Influ
ences which have contributed to tho make
up of seme particular style of stationery,
savs the New York Evening Pot. But the
"khaki." which li having a rather remark
able sale In the West, Is copied In co'or and
texture from the uniform? w hlch have been
adopted for the armies nt two nations.
The paper was not wanted at first. Trav
eling men refused to tako It out. and when
forced by the manufacturer to put samples
In their cases would not show It. But the
manufacturers advertised It. and to-day It
is considered a staple article. It Is tha
name, dealers say. which eelis it. as tho
color is a dirty brown and the quality la
nothing extraordinary. Precisely -the samo
colored stock vim brought out some Jenrs
ago under another name, but It had not
the prestige of military splendor to carry it
and sales were small.
There aro probably 1.000 persona employed
.:. r.Vf. Ki." ",T,"'J i.'r.r'.""" '.'."'i.'u-:.u I
iu who wij uianuih uaijcici iva uiiu corrtr
spondenco papers. Thfe does not Include tha
...-,. . , w " ni't'i- i.ua pjjci .3
Dittuv. nv ... biuypeu to me lactones in 1110
flat, and is here made up into the required
goods. There are a number of large firms
outside the city which make a specialty
of their papeteries. and entire factories,
emplojlng hundreds of hands each, are
busy making them all the time. The de
mand this year has already outrun the
surply. notwithstanding the army at work
nnd the constantly Increasing facilities for
The designation of sizes is a curious sys
tem which has little meaning to any one
outside of the business. Instead of num
bering them, the names of prominent peo
ple have been selected lnui G usfwe Is
p '" -s'7d i' Vt-tTi Is smaller,
and Claii-e M ldred. and such name) ore
usel Je W aw ordlnur' sices. N it oil
have firmly declined to give out any fig
ures on this point.
"It would bu a simple matter for tho
opcritors," they said, "if they knew what
amount of money wo command.-d. j wait
until It Is exhausted. Moreover. It would
be folly on our part to make public at this
time any Information upon wnlch ir. csti
muto of our financial strength could ba
At tho close of last vear there were iXZ
bona tide members In the organization.
At tho convention In January it was
decided to levy on each of these members
an use-sment of 25 cents per m.mi to
be placed In the hands of the Natljnil Ex
ecutive Board for use as a defense f'ina.
Part of this money has been ued In
Email strikes, but the bulk of It Is prob
ably available at this lime. Slnco Jan
uary of the present ear there has been a
very material Increase in the membership,
which, of course, carries with 11 un In
creased defense fund.
.Miner fenld to He Prepared.
Aside from tho money In the hands of
the National Executive Hoard, local unions
in a number of States have accumulated
lnrge bums of money In their treasuries,
which, whllo not at the command of tho
executive officers of the oiganlzatlon, will
probably bj pi iced In the strike fund. Con
tributions from other trades union, can no
counted on. and frum these facts It can
be seen that the miners are prepared for a
To-morrow will bo pent In prepratlon for
r.uch emergencies as may arlte during the
strike. Saturday night President Mitchell
will go to Hazleton and fro-n there to
different point' in the field for tho purpose
of holding moss meetings.
are all expected to report to-morrow and
Saturday At soma of the Delawaro and
Hudson collterle-s In Plymouth a few men
tr.ck their tools out to-night.
At nttston there was home disturbance
nt the Barnum shaft. The drivers and la
borers, to U10 number of 100. had some
trivial grievances and would not go to work
until they wore settled. A compromise was
agreed mmi this evening.
UU1UT AT POTTSVILLB.
PottsvMe. Pa.. Sept. 13. There Is no
change In the strike situation in this lo
cality. Everything Is quiet. The men at the
collieries were at work In force to-day.
There la very little strike talk south of the
VO. A SMALL VICTORY.
Hazleton, Pa., Sept. 13. WIMam Morgan,
owner of an Independent colllerj at Auden
rled, which emplojs about twenty men,
agreed to-day to concede tho demands of
tbe miners, and the men wll not go out
On the Hazleton division of the Lehlsh
Valley Railroad there are seventy-five crews
of trix men to the crew, making a total of
432 and the strike will throw nearly all of
this number out of employment. Fully COO
Delaware. Susquehanna and scnujiiUii itail
read men will be thrown Idle If the collieries
of the Cross Creek Coal Company are
WILL DO NO VIOLENCE.
Miners Volunteer to Protect Com
Hazleton. Pa., Sept. li National Com
mitteeman James, who is directing the
preparations for the strike, called on Sheriff
Harvey of Luzerne County to-day and of
fered. In the event of tho swearing In of
Deputy Sheriffs, to furnish any number of
men up to S.cm) to guard public property
and preserve order.
In making the offer he said that the ac
ceptance of the a&lstance offered would not
cost the county or Stato one penny. The
Sheriff expressed himself as pleased with
this evidence of the strikers' purpose to
frown down any attempt at violence.
manufacturers name them the same, hence
It Is necessary to know the sjstem of each
manufacturer to understand the sizes rep
resented by particular names.
MAN NEVER WITHOUT BEER.
Centuries Before Christ a Beverage
Was Brewed From Barley.
When the Romans first Invaded Germany
they found that the beverage of the peoplo
that was nt a time comti iratlvely modern,
I'rom tbe earliest times and In every clime
man lias had resort to rcme stimulating
aid exhilarating beverages prepared by fer
menting the Julce or extracts from fruits,
grain or plants. It Is said that Osiris as
eurly as ISvJ IS. C. taught the process of
extracting tho Juice from b-irley and fer
menting It. while tho Greeks learned how
to brew and ferment from the Egyptians,
' who, 3.v 11. C. had e.tabllihed a number of
manufactories at Pelu&i in on the Nile.
Xenophon, . B. C, re ft-is to a fermented
drink from barley, and It Is alluded to by
Aristotle. Strsbo and others under the
name of zythos. Pliny ment'ens a Kind of
beer called "cerevisla. end Eunemeues in
A. D. Zri says that Britain produced such
I an abundanco of corn that It was sufficient
to supply not only bread, but a liquid com
parable with wine. In the Seventh Cen-
I tury beer had become so general a bever-
uge in l-.rglanu that Ina. King of Wessex.
levied a tax to b paid In ale, and early
in the Fifteenth Ccnturv A brewer's com-
ihiiu, aim iiuiu uiai nine u K'trai cuauKV
was made In the finality of the beer manu
factured. In 1610 the first brewery was es
tablished at Burton-on-Trent. nnd by the
end of the Seventeenth Century beer had
become the national drink.
GREAT LAKES SHIPPING.
More 2s'ew Vessels Launched There
Than on the Seacoast.
The announcement that the shipbuilders
on the great lakei hnve under contract
vessels with an aggregate carring capac ty
of 2,0e.0ud tons will give soinu Idea of tho
boom In tho Internal commerce of the coun
try One company launched twenty-threo
vessels with an aggregate capaclt of HS.IAM
tons last winter. Lait jear vessels with a
total tonnnze of S12.21S were launched on
the great lakes, while the capacity of the
new vessels built on the eeacoast and on
the rivers was but 733.403. The commerce
of the- lakes has doubled In the past tlvo
years. It is so large that It does ifot suf
fer In comparison with the commerce of
tho Pacific Ocean, says the Brooklvn
Hagle. The capacity of the vessels which
passed through the Sault Salntc Marie Ca
nal In 1S39 was 21,CW.O0O tons, or about 7.
OW.OuO tons greater than the capacity of the
vessels which entered and loft the port of
New York. It was two and one-halt times
as great ns that which passed through the
Suez Canal, and the number of vessels was
Ovo times as great. The cargoes carried
by the ships passing through this canal
were valued at JUiO.OiO.OOO, and the owners
of tho vtssels received JlS.00O.000 In freight
charges. And the boom in the business of
tbe lakes has only Just begun. There Is
still room in the country tributary to them
for millions of peoplo, and the earth will
jleltl ten times as much as Is gut from It
to-day. And no man dare prophesy what
the. factories that will be built in the lake
region will produce In the next ten years.
w Slnte Pencil.
Slate pencils were formerly all cut from slate
jjse as It Is dug from the earth. Pencils so
made were objected to on account of the Rnt
which they conuined. To overtomo tbia difficulty.
na the LxicJoo Enelnwr. Colonel U. M. at w
ard ceviscQ an Ingenious process by which th
slate Is ground to a very tine ponder, ail grit
find foreign cubstancea removed and the ponder
uvueu luruugu iuk ciuen mucn 11 tne same man
ner as nour a Dentil,
The Bonder 1 then mude
into dough and this doeiEh Is subjected to a
very heavy hvdrauho iwssure vhlcliraeun thi.
Sll.oiit Vfi. rVqr&Jhape and diameter tS?
iu icuKui-. ui auuui inre leei. tvnue yel son
Jhe pencils are cut Into the desired lengths and
fret out to dry In the open air. After they aio
thoroughly dry the pencil! are placed in steam
baking Kilos, where they receive th proper
The Moat Cnrlons nook.
A book belonging to the family of Prtne ds
Ugne. now In Krarce. ts aald to be the most
ciiioua book in tho world because It U neither
ivrltten nor printed. The letters of the text r
cut out of each folto upin tbe finest vollum:
and being Interleaved with tlu paper, tt Is as
eaally read as print, ears the Newarx Oil Tne
labor beatoned upon tt was excesalvc. Kudolpa
II of Germany ottered for It In 1640 H.OOJ ducats,
which waa probably equal to J6".0") at their 4a y.
A remarkable clrcumatance connected with th
of England, tut It cannot t traced to1 cava I
ever Len n that country. . I
uicior) treasure is-tnat it bears ice ro)ai a-ma
MAYOR JONES MAKES
APPEAL FOR BRYAN.
jjs strenntn ot One Hundred
wt J- "- "UUUH.U
thousand Votes in Ohio
Thrown to Democracy.
OUTLINES STRONG REASON'S.
Stands Against War and Re
venge Why He Is Op
posed to imperialism.
Ill TIT I JC BPncIA L.
Toledo. O.. Sept. 13. Mayor Samuel Jone3
of this city, who ran as an Indo'wndent can
didate In the last State election and polled
IlV.ttO votes for the govjrnorshlp, has come
out for Bryan and Stevenson In a state
ment lS3ued to-day declining a congression
al nomination nt tho hinds of the Repub
licans. Major Jones says:
"When I enter the booth to administer the
sacrament of my ballot I shall use my best
endeavor to record my conscience In favor
of ciuality and against war In favor of I
iovo anu reason, ratner man war ana
revenge and I shall vole for Vm. J. Drvan
as the bebt way that I know of giving ex
prtibion to these sentiments, believing him
to be the candidate who moht nearly repre
sents, not the high Ideals of a few great
souls, who have a clear vision of tho per
fected social state, but who does stand for
what Is best In the publlo conscience of
An erica to-day."
Continuing his statement. Mr. Jones sayB'
"I believe that Imperialism Is the logical
sequence of mlllturi.-Tvi and part Ism. and
this Ill-gotten trio Is the legitimate fruit of
tho spirit of bosslsm that has been so com
Inant In our political history during tne
'Past twenty-five cars and all these (par-
tvlsm. bosslsm, militarism and Imperial
ism) arc a flatfooted denial of the principle
of eouullty and an assertion of tho right
RUSSIA SAID TO
German News Agency Says Li Hung Chang Refuses Czar's
Demands Viceroy of Nankin Preparing
to Fight Germany.
Berlin, Sept. U. The News Bureau, sent
to China by the German Fleet Society.
cables from Shanghai that it has received
the following telegram from tho Itus&lan
"The Russian Government makes tbe fol
"Tho Emperor of China shall rtsumo tho
government himself, and bhall have Prince
Tuan, the Boxer leader, arrested and pun
ished, and shall exclude tbe Empress from,
any Influence upon tbe Government.
"LI Hung Chan has declared that all
thesa demands are unacceptable, except tha
first, and has abandoned his proposed de
parture 'or the North."
The Lokal Anzelger bos received the fol
lowing from its Shanghai correspondent:
"It Is announced from Nankin that tho
Viceroys apprehend action from Germany.
The Taotal of Nankin has ordered 3.0W men
mustered Into service, and the same num
ber recruited among tho salt smugglers.
whos chief has been appointed commander
of thirty war Junks.
"Tho German-protected "cruiser Seeadler
passed Nankin, with her decks cleared for
"LI Hung Chang has abardond the peaco
negotiations because Prince Tuan Is op
posed to them. The Mandarins recognize
only Prlnco Tnan's tuthorily. fearing his
"General Yung Lu la at Ta-Tung-Fu with
HIS LIFE WAS IN DANGER.
Detective Guion Made Exciting
Capture on the River.
Detective Al Guion had an exciting ex
pcrierco near Three Slates, a Emal village
on th- Missouri side of tho Mississippi
River, near Ihc Kentucky border, when ho
arrested Eva Cu.zlnger. formerly of No. 3
North Twenty-third ttrcet. on a warrant
charging her with disposing of mortgaged
property. Guion sajs that William Klr
kendall. a friend of tha Cutzinger woman,
who was with her on the boat, grabbed a
Winchester rifla and declared that If tha
detective made an attempt to molest tho
woman he (Klrkcndall) would shoot. Guion
placed the muzzle of liU revolver to tha
hi-ad of the woman and told Klrkendill I
that ha would shoot if the Winchester was 1
discharged. At the suggestion of tho worn- '
,. T.-lrWt.r,,Ir.ll lowered his rifle and Guion
took his prisoner to New Madrid. .Mo.. In a
gasoline boat, vvhera he caught an Iron
Mountain train for St. Louis.
Several months ago Eva Cutzinger pur
chased about tZn worth of furniture from
H.hiAl Titlvlhlll of Twelfth an1 Pino
....-. -. ..... -- -..---... v 1 uvictuiea, 00m male ana lemoie. In the
Ktreets. and a piano from the Jesse French Transvaal, as well as abroad. The bar
Piano Company, on tho Installment plan. I maids of Johannesburg, for txamnV nr
Chattel mortgages were given. Last week
the property was loaded on a llatlxiat I
owned l.v Klrkend.il!. Before it was start-
ed down the river C S. Weber, an agent of
tho French company. learned that the
piano had been removed and commenced
an investigation. Detective Guion. with
warrants, was sent to his assistance and
tho arrest resulted.
Tho piano nnd furnlturo aro on a fiatboat
1 niano nnd furnlturo aro on a natboat '
Devil's island, opposite the Kentucky ,
shoro. in the Mississippi River: Eva Cub
zlnger Is under arrest in St. Louis and
Klrkendall la at liberty.
VITRIOL RUINED HER BEAUTY.
Wife of Ohio Girl's Employer Ar
rested for Throwing the Liquid.
Van Wert, O.. Svpt. 13. As Miss Allco
Hammcls stepped out of her home to-day
some ona threw vitriol in her face. Both
her eyes wero destroyed and her face and
arms were badly burned.
The vitriol thrower dropped the bottle that
had contained the acid and a bottle of
chloroform in the street, and these gave .1
clew that led to the arrest of Mrs. John
Van Llew. wife of tho cashier of the Van
Wert First National Bank. She waived ex
amination and gave bond of JI.0O0 for ap
pearance. Miss Hammcls was deputy clerk for Van
Liew when tho latUr was county clerk.
Farmer Keeps Vegetables in a
Cumberland. Md . Sent. 13. Geonre Staf
ford, a farmer an1 country school trustee.
residing on the Williams road, six miles '
east' of Cumberland, while In Cumberland J
recently told 01 a remarkable freak of na-
ture on his farm in Alleghany County A '
cau dug years ago, used for preserving
vpppfahles and other erllhlpn- trpnt th.m so
cool that Mr. Stafford's sons concluded that J
there was a cold spring near tho surface,
Albany. N. T., Sept. 12. One thou
sand Republican worklngmen In Al
bany County, New York, to-night
decl-irtd for the Democratic State
and national ticket. They denounced
the leadership In Albany County of
William Barnes, Jr.. chairman of the
Executive Committee of the Repub
lican Slate Committee. They will
work for tho defeat of Mr. Barnca
and tho Republican ticket not only
In thi3 county, but throughout the
The Executlvo Committee of the
Worklngmcn'3 Republican Central
Association ir.t to-night at their
headquarters In the Tweddle build
ing. Resolutions were adopted de
nouncing Barnes and declaring:
"We will refuse to support any
ticket advocated by Committeeman
Barnes and tender to tho Democratic
State and County committees our
support. We notify every organization
composed of worklngmen throughout
the State to Join us In ridding the Re
publican party of machine rlngsters
and defeating their objects in this
of the self-styled 'superior classes" to gov
ern the rest; this is the ancient heresy of
the 'divine right of Kings' In another form.
"I believe the position of the administra
tion with respect to the Philippine war is
a denial of equality and a contradiction of
the principles of human liberty set forth In
the preamble ot tho Declaration of Inde-
Mr. Bryan, whllo here, it is thought may
Induce Mayor Jones to stand for Congress,
notwithstanding to-daj's declaration.
tho Empress Dowager, who refuses to leave
According to Information furnished to the
corre-TKindent of tho Associated Press, noth
ing N known hcra in official circles of such
action on the part of Germany as referred
to by the advices to tha Lokal Anzelger.
SAYS HE KILLED VON KETTELER
Arrested Suspect Declares He Act
ed Under Imperial Orders.
Copyrlirhi, U?0, by the Associated Press.
Pekin. Sept. S Tho Japanese havs ar
rested the ass.iislo of Baron von Ketteler.
the late German Minister to China. The
asas'iin. who has been banded over to the
Germans by the Japanese, has confessed bis
Ho was arrested for trylrg to sell to a
Japancte officer a watch with Initials which
ha admitted taking from tbe body of Baron
von Ketteler. Ha afterwards admitted the
crime, saving that tba Imperial Govern
ment ordered the commission of tbe act.
Vice Admiral Alexleff arrived last nljht
for a three days' visit and inspection.
Colonel PretlekofTs party vesterday en
gaged XO Boxers seven miles from Machlpo.
Tha Boxers were armed only with swords
and npcars. Tbe Rus an cavalry charged oa
them, killing many of them with sabers.
The chatge was made through tbe corn field
and the Russians succeeded in killing the
commander of the enemy's forces. The cas
ualties among the'Boxers are estimated at
319. A Rnssian officer was wounded and two
Cossacks vvcro killed.
In Juno last tho boys started to dig. but
were amazed to find tha ground frozen so
hard that they cou.M not penetrate It. Tha
present month another attempt was made,
but the ground was found to have thawed
only two Inches, being frozen hard bevond
that point. One day this week a third at
tempt to dig was made, only to find th
condition of the ground unchanged. Mr.
Stafford Is of the opinion that there is a
lake ot Ice under the ground. He says the
soil Is of tho gravel variety and the ground
Is frozen until there are made big cracks
out of which cold air rushes in great
LOST THROUGH WOMEN.
Victories, Military and Others,
Thwarted by Fair Ones.
Many a3 tha cases are of battles -won
through tho acencv of women nt the vn
ot ljoadtcea and Joan of Arc. there can be
"" " me met mat equally numerous,
Ltl?Lm,'M "fij Br.e,,ho?.e .?.ar.le P1!
.".' ,"Vi,"r" '" ' IV" "'"""'A? i" n
to femilllni. mrtnhlnnflnn Prhnnu ..n.....
instances in point may be of general Inter
est, says London Tit-Bits.
There are many who say that the failure
of the Jameson raid at the outset was
brought abjut by women. President Kru-
bw i in tne naon 01 employing countless
detectives, both male and female. In the
said to bo In the pay of Oom Paul. Thesa
ladles by means ot their propensities lor
" a""18 commences ara alleged to save
wrung from some of the raiders, long tc-
w. mc iuiu u&eir. waa entered upon, tno
fact that it was forthcoming. The conse
quent was that when it coma about Cronla
was fully prepated.
France can point to a number of cases
in which victories connected with tho Re-
"V. .. ":."-". jr"." "A. """Y"t "'" "
cVuence. UFo7 tiStSS fall ot Gcnt
Boulanger was broueht about hv n momher
of the fair sex. But for the Viscountess tla
Bonnemaln there is the chance that ha
might have become the ruler of Fiance.
The lady Induced him to pny her a visit
on the night of his election as a member
f the Chamber ot Deputies, when, had he
refrained from so doing nnd instead
marched upon the Elysee as his partisans
begged him to do, the history of the Repub
lic might have been entirely altered.
Somewhat similar is tha Old World case
of Hannibal, whose wife was the uninten
tional causa of his fall and the failure of
his once successful armies. The great Gen
eral was sq foolish as to marry at a time
when he should have been devoting all his
time to the conduct of military affairs. His
troops became utterly demoralized during
the period of his "honeymoon." with the
result that they were rendered quite unfit
for atduous service, and never gained their
former standard of discipline.
Again, in this connection, there Is the case
of James IV of Scotland, who Is said to
have lost the famous battle of Flodden
Field through a woman. It la argued that
if the King had seized the opportunity
given him of occupying a favorable position
wherein to meet the English forces the bat
tle that ensued might have hod a verv dif
ferent ending from what it did. But James
lingered at the castle of a titled lady whose
charms had captivated him. and so It was
that the Southern troops we:o allowed an
opportunity of choosing a suitable position
which could never hive been secured had
tho monarch not hesitated. Tha lady was a
certain nobleman's wife named Heron, and
was very beautiful. .
'ncl njea llusMan General. Fat-anoH.
w 'O'-""1 guilty of treason and sentsneed
to death a ear or two ago. thanks to a
"""""t our 01 nis own lamuy. in lact.
" Bave evidence against him and other
officials in tha Czar's service, and through
her the Empire was deDrived of some ot
her best soldiers. Thero are many cases
like this, but there ara also numerous ones
M Comes J
' Men I
pf Happy I
ttfeS9S Guaranteed all long Ha- I
tyJ'ft4'y'A vuh tiller without adul- jB
vAlvWi-l ve'fatiou or artificial Ha- if
Y'viV rlne' R
W$ tQlJl' tims 1
l WILLIAM A. STICKNEY 1
X03 SEGAR CO. I
m& Distrllulers. SL Lou!, I
I 4 I
fa UrtJlKii? rfiSTvP1 1
I SfomachTroubles I
1 Dose? one DETafter 1
g each meal. I
that come more precisely within tha mean
lis of this article.
For Instance, during tha American wsjr
against Spain many Cuban women ren
dered valuable service to the American
troops by acting as scouts and in other re
spercts fighti- g for the stronger side. Thus
did they frequently bring defeat for tha
Spaniards, who often admitted tha natives
into their camps. Imagining them to ba beg
tllo to the Invader'.
A woman, too. Is reported to hava lost
Alsace and Lorraine to the French, and
helped to brl. g about .the Franco-Prussian
War by regularly learning the results of
the French Cabinet meetings, while sbs
was entertaining one of the Republican
Ministers, the report of thee- results being
dispatched to Germany without delay.
Splendor of the Sliuh'a Pnlnce.
Tbe palace at Teheran la in tho hkart of tha
town and consists of aeveral aeparate buildings
nnd Davlllcns. the central one cf whlca Is th
actual imperial due lire Tbe Shah's pxliata
arirtmenta1 era aratn in the center cf tbai
building, surrounded by tnce of hta offlcera and
attendants. Tbe crouncs ere vi.at and beautiful.
an.1 a stream. CoHirtr clear ana cool from in
znountalna. gives welcome refreshment durlnar
the ht-at of the Per- n aumraa Colored porce
lain tilea abound en Lie gateways and walla, but
tbe arraur art ale medt if and of m rather
Kudy dtscrtttlcn, tr leal.y beautiful 'faience.
alihuucn theie are tm vtr a.ie apxlmec
belrg in tha mlnoilty. Tb to,Mca contains treas
ures fr truly Oriental aplenJor. London lllaa
Pcrpl asters here at laatl
And et latla aed a-cluwlng!
And vrhat la tbta In tn blackbird's aonjrt
Tha locust pipe la a'irlll and long.
Over and over: "i'aat paal raat
The auromer days ara galncl"
Stay, chattering aqulrrel! Why this fra
lor heard you'ra jure to gather?
And cunning ayicner. why -to aooa
A stroud to weave a laat cocoon?
The Utter Irtm la far en yet.
Tbouffb euraror days ai going.
Perhaps (who knoa?) to casa and fara
Ctmes bitter pans; In turning
From youth to aio Pcrfapa tha wsod
Rebels afainst a tad id hooJ.
And would escape It If It could;
And that with wratn the guniaca burn
Wees the summer daya are soingl
Jaca Harsh Farfcar.
When first I kisaed you. 'twas tell en yeent
RS a a blackbird's cherry. Too recaJL
Twaa aprtns. tha soft air amaHlng cf tnt
Tie wcile leorld ray and you gay meat cf an.
Tou lauicaeJ that lox. aweet, under. blrcUUa
tv-!ch made tt very beboiinx be still.
When rext I kla-ed you. 'taa wyon tha chek,
Mulded Just round enough. 'Twas autumq
And you wr graver irroxrn. and did not speajL,
Kut aeerr-fd t" wender et the waya of men.
And y.t you emllrd. tfo dear a amlla It waa
That It eeemed suldci eummer over oa.
When laat I kieed you. dearet Bean of GoloV
My lira Just brusr.d your forehead. You warai
And ! waa winter. All tha world was old.
But at tha touch, my lova ewellad Here ana
For the-i I felt you rramtla, aid aaw fail
Tno great, alow teen. Ah. tbat was bast at
i-ost Wheeler In tha Ne-r Tortt Praea,
From tho Mlnneaolla Tlrr.es.
Not all the good Indian are dead Indi
ans. There are tho Crows of Montana, for
Instance: some of tbem have the virtue ot
industry. They have been taking gradlny
contracts on a railroad, have entered Into
an agreement with tha United Stales to
furnish tha Cheyennes with flour. Tha
Crows have Irrigated farms and a Cour
mill, herds of cattlo. many ronles, and. a
a rule, ara In fairly comfortable circum
stances. In morals, however, tbey are not
Improving as rapidly as could be desired,
and while many ot them are lndustrluu".
few ssv muney. Nevertheless It Is soma
what refreshing to learn of Indians even
es well advanced fn material welfare as
And bring children into the world to suf
fer from- an inherited blood taint? People
do not realize that foul blood may lurk
tinder a fair skin, and that tbe fire smold
ering in the blood of the parent may
break into flame in the flesh of the chili
Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery
puts out the smoldering fires of scrofula.
It cleanses the blood from disease taints,
strengthens the weak lungs, heals tha
"Dr. Pierce's raedldne has done wonders for
ray two aons," writes Mrs. M. Hartrici. of
Demster. Oswego Co , N. Y. "Both bad scrofaut.
I hare !ot two daughters in less than fire yean
with consumption and scrofula. M eldest son
waa taken two or three ycara ago with hemor
rhage from the lungs. It troubled htm for over
a year. He took Dr. Pierce's Co!m Medical
Discovery, and has not bad one in over a year.
My younger son bad scrvfulous sores on his
neck; but has not had euy since be commenced
to take your :edIcle.',
Use Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets for
the bowels and liver.
meg to 1 1 1
liSarpg IE .
. .fr. iTIth.