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COPYRIGHT. 18K. BT PUBLISHERS. GEORGB KNAI'P & COMPANY.
ST. LOUIS, MO., SUNDAY. SEPTEMBER 23. 1900.
PEICE FIVE CENTS.
. MILITARY RULE IS
J TO f
Kj JL o
P& 8 84 f-
i i v y y a r
n v t 1
Slate Troops Restore Order
ot the Shenandoah
THC STRIKERS ARE DIVIDED.
English-Speaking Miners Now
Anxious to Return to
FOREIGNERS I.N CONTROL.
Minority Decides to Re-enter
the Shafts Monday
Shenandoah, Pa,. Sept. 21 With the ar
rival of the mllllia hero to-day. this bor
eogh assumed Its normal condition and the
anticipated resumption ot violence on the
part of miners did not occur. It might
havo been that the presence of tha soldiers
restrained the turbulent clement, but man)
of the residents believed the l?ck of riot
ous scenes was due to the fact that all the
collieries here were closed.
The CHly co1ut which attempted to work
to-day was the William Perm, operated by
th Sueqtiehanca Coal Company. The era
p!o)es were, however. Intercepted on their
nay to the mine by strikers, who succeeded
in purfcuadinjj them to return to their
home?. The first detachment of troops ar
rived here shortly before S a. m, and be
fore 1 o'clock this afternoon the Fourth,
Eighth and Twelfth regiments and Battery
C. and the Governor's troop Tiero here
In full force,
Troiipa U'rrp tit Cum p.
The Twelfth Regiment went fat" camp ot
the side of Davis's IIUI, southwest of the
town. The Fourth Hegiment, the Gover
I'or's troop and Battery C in Columbia
Tark. In the east.rn section of the bo--ough,
and the Eighth Regiment in Balrd's
fleH to the northeast.
General Gobln established headquarters In
tha Hotel rerguson until he can find a suit
able place in the field. The arrival of the
troops occasioned much excitement among
tin residents, especially the strikers, who
thronged the vicinity of the railroad station
frera early In the morning until late In the
day. They were sullen and vented muttered
threats, but made no attempt at violence.
Aside from the Incursion of the militia.
th-;jnost Important .occurrence to-day was
tJte'meetiEg of the irilno workers In this
The English-speaking men favored re
turning to work on Monday, but the for
eigners voted them down and adopted a
resolution to remain on strike. The English-speaking
employes nill go to the rames
BY BEV. THOMAS J. DUCDT.
Hazltton, Pa.. Sept. ZL last Tuesday
morning I made my first visitation to a
miner's home, and tho homes of many
minors. There was romance and sadness In
the visitation. It was a "pllgrimaga to the
shrine of knowledge and tho shrlrio of
hearts." The romance was In the past as
well as tie, present and the future. Tho
first visit haC a romance about It. the Kceno
Ireland and Amenea. the picture of their
jourjc marriage In far-off Donejral, In tha
pure air of the Island of Saints. This old
couple were marrlfd nearly fifty years ago
In the "Green Isle," and they dreamt of a
runny homo In free America, Think of tho
darkness of their strueglo In th dark coal
taints of Penngjlvania. Yet, tho old man
and his venrable wife were nob'e to look
upen In tho decline of their years. He
looked Hko a ventrablo patrlarch.surrounded,
as he was. by his boys.
The couple had fought a dark fight In the
coal region. They had raised up children to
Ood sober, honest, large-hearted boys
three of them now In the fullness of
stalwart manhood, stoutly lighting for their
rights and the rights of 'heir fellow -wage-workers,
unwilling to be slaves of any man
or corporate fclavcs In thl3 free land, tho
Joint fcupport of their venerable parents,
f wring no man and believing in God;
borrowing thit tho avarice cf coal barons
and railroad kings forbid them the ro
tponslblllty of holy marriage, for they fear
they cannot bring up children acd educate
lhe:n in thflr present condition, and they
dread the step lest God should bles-t Uicra
with offspring they would be obliged to
blight by sending them into the darkness
of tho mine.
What particularly struck me in the homes
of the miners en the South Side was that
tho houses are roomy and have a little
piece- of ground around them, and Interiorly
they aro kept very neat and simple. This
interior neatness is an act of the tenants.
Exteriorly, they are shells. They might be
forty, thirty or twenty years old. There is
not a vestige of paint on them, and In the
severe winter of four or five months, when
the mow Is on the ground and the wind Is
howling, and the people get out with diffi
may ask Mckinley and
New Tork, Sept. 2. Moved by the vast suffering and business demoralization,
actual and prospective, caused by tho strike in the anthracite coal regions, the
president of ccv. of the largest industrial corporations in the country has sug
gested an extraordinary method of brlnrlcg- about a settlement through arbitra
tion. President McKlnley and William J. Bryan to act as arbitrators, with a third
perscnTto be. chosen by themselves this h .he plan which commend Itself to its
originator, one of the largest ernplovcrs of labor In the United States He be
lieves that It would insure a fpeedy adjustment of the differences between miners
and operators. X
Ha declares that if John Mitchell, president of the United Mino Workers of i
i ... ,.. i io.rin I'm strikers, will rive his aEsent to this plan of media-
tlon, the strike can be settled In a day. the men returning to work in full con
fidence that all Just claims of theirs would be granted by the arbitrators.
That Messrs. McKlnley and Bryan muy not ta.-k opportunity, they have been
asked to declare whether they are willing to lend their aid as arbitrators, pro
vided, of course. Mr. Mitchell i willing to (submit the cause of the miners to
their Judgment. Mr. Mitchell has also been asked for his approval of tho plan.
K & A SJ5 B feJ R8
.. t en a a n h . -s a a n 2 a
liiv - ' u ; aj?Eavy k aoSuF 9
nr.rrnuic s-m iai-
Hazleton. Pa., Sept. 22 -The Gov
ernor. In cilling out the Slate troops.
ha.-i. In my judgment, aitcd Inconsid
erately and without a thorough In
vestigation. I am confident that the
miners who aro on strike nre fully
impressed -with the neccselty of ob
serving the law and conducting
themselves In a peaceful manner t
President United Miners.
Shenandoah. Pa.. Sept- 22. The
outbreak of yestirday should not re'
flec: any discredit 01. the strikers as
a whole. It nu caused b foreigners
alone. The English-speaking strikers
behaved splendidly and many of
them were at m back, rl-king tfctlr
lives to maintain lav. and order.
Sheriff. Fenny 11x111 Count. Pa.
on Monday and serious coneeQuencoS may
The saloons which had been closed bj the
Burgess David Brown after yesterday's
riot opened up this afternoon, and as a re
sult Loveral mmera ncre arrested on tho
charge of disorderly conduct.
Protest of Child Labor.
Scranton. Pa., Sept. S. A parade of ioOO
slate-pickers, runners, drotcrs. doorlendcrs
and helpers from the uilnea of Pcranton and
vicinity as the feature of to-day.
Tho parade was planned by Organizer DU
cher. to Hhon hon many children who ought
to be In school were forced to the mine by
reason of their fathers being caid sjch
poor wagea. It was a sight that would move
the hrde"t htart. Fully a third of the bo3
In line appeared to be about 9 or 10 years
of age. and an Inquiry among them elicited
the startling fact that not a few S-ycar-old
children were numbered In the paraders.
The curienters' national union this morn
ing adopted resolutions denouncing tho
Si.enff of Schujlkill as a "manjlaughter
er." The authorities of Pennsylvania are
likewise condemned for sending him troops.
Now that troops are in the field an un
certainty Is growing rmong miners hero
as to their future From Forest City,
ther tho Hillside Coal and Iron Company
has two big mines, the news comes this
morning thst many men are dissatisfied
with the prei-ent status of tho ftrlke. and
have announced their Intention to go back
to work on Monday.
i.i:iiit;u iti:(;iov oi.m.
Hazlcton, Pa., Sept. 22. Calmness pre
vailed throughout th Lehlch region. No
disturbances of any moment were reported
In any part of tho district. There is still
a tense feeling In tbo public mind, but the
fending of .troors to Shenandeh, tventy
flvft miles from here; is generally regarded
as bringlns matters to a crisis, and the situ
ation hero Is, therefore, somewhat re
lieved. Armed deputies are distributed near most
of the collieries and alon sevral of the
publlo roads leullng to mining property.
culty, I wonder how they can exist In the.oo
wind l.oler. creations of tho companies and
Examples of Christian I'oirrlj-,
I noticed la a number of these "knock
togethcrs" tha miners have enormous
stoves, larger than tho ordinary range and
Mg enough to do the cooking of a small
hotel, beautifully polished and the steel
frame evidently kept bright with emery
poliih. The miners till me each of these
consumo In winter ut least a ton of coal
a month. Thete company huts or cottages
hate three rooms, and a shanty attached
to tha rear of the house. One or the miners
told me they were obliged to have a stove
In each room, and even then they could
r.ot at times hae sulllclrnt warmth.
All tho homes I saw wero neat and tidy
and tha children were comfortably and fit
tingly dressed. They looked well fed and
I hava been In no squalid homes of min
ers and tlio miners do not Hko to have it
tald that they lle in squalor. The homes
I visited were the Engllsh-v-peaklng homea
of Catholics, IrLdi and American. Remem
ber, thesu hom- s wire not put In order for
my eyts; thee people had no knowledge of
my coming until I arrived at their doors.
This 1 simply tho picture of these miners'
homes to-day. They hav had a prosper
ous seanonj they have tried to clear up their
arrears. They have given their families
every necoEEary comfort In keuping with
their means, This Is the picture of their
homc3 now a picture of decent Christian
But If the coal barons an! the coal rail
road kings will not listen to the voice of
Justice and right, in a few weeks all will be
chanced Gaunt destitution will enter these
homes; the smiling, happy. Innocent chil
dren will bo crying with hunger, their
heart-breaking sobs must drive their par
ents to the verge of modnobo. Lei tho rail
road kings and tne coal barons. If the-y cull
themselves Chrftians. think that the Holy
Scrlpftircs ard the Dlvtne Master teach that
one of tho slits crying to heaven for venge
ance, on a plane with willful murder, is the
d-i riving of the laborer of his h're. It is
a grave, mortal sin crying tn heaven for
vengeance as fouaiy a? willful murder.
as strike arbitrators.
12 i 3k a-ff-VSi . .
p. n w ws'S5-i3", r-- "s.
WwM W if wMWiSmr $ r few
: wlm Kwrm H $ wife
Hi J J ml
Prominent New York Lawyers
Traveling in Europe Make
IMPERIALISM IS THE CAUSE.
We Are Iiejiarded as Pharisees
One Itesnlt of the Adminis
tration's Policy Bryan's
Election the Remedy.
SPECIAL BY CABLE.
Paris. Sept. ZL Copyright, 1300. by W. R,
Hearst.) Maurleo Untcrmyer, a prominent
New York lawjer. raid to Tho Republic
"I am returning to tho United States to
devcto all of ray energies to the olectlon of
Bryan. Wo have lost cae in tho eyes of
the world by our lmperallsm. I have been
in many European countries this summer.
Everjwhero I ilnd peoplo aro losing re
spect for us. They say we are following
In tho footsteps of England, oro becoming
avaricious, and developing Into landgrab
bcrs, "Until the evil hour when McKlnley
started his policy of imperialism we held
a unique, most honorable and envle-d posi
tion among nations. Tho election of Bryan
would restore our prestlgo. All American-
In Europ", except a few offlceholders, ad
mit this. Tho dissatisfaction among work
men can bo cleared away only by a change
of administration. Thay havo had enough
of McKlnley and tho frusta. Democrats
should and will carry tho State of New
l'ork. Tho Republican ticket In New York
Is ridiculously weak.
"I wish I cculd tell every American voter
how McKinley's administration has lowered
us In the eyes of tho world. Thoso who
loved us now say we are Pharisees. It
McKlnley la reelected tho wholo world will
Confidence In nryan.
McGrano Cotc. a New York lawyer ami
closo friend of Grovcr Cleveland, Is now in
"Tha re-election of McKlnley Is by no
means assured." ho tald to your corre
spondent, "It will bo a much moro dllllcult
matter than In 1SK.
"Bryan ha3 grown much In popular confi
dence In tli past four jears. Ills ad
dress of acceptance was a most admirable
statement and won him many frtends. Tho
Indorsement of Bryan by Richard Olney.
Edward M. Shepard, formrd Postmaster
General Wilson and other Democrats llko
them, of tho highest standing, who In ISM
aided the Republican candidate. Is n very
Important factor. These gentlemen Influ
ence very many Independent voters. Many
elections aro carried by the Independent
"There are a number of rear-ons why the
believe It best for the country that there
be a change of the party in power They
are tired of knakl Government. The po
sition taken by the admlnlotration that
every critlcsm of its policies is treasonable
is as alarming as it is disgusting.
Taxation Heavily Inert-used.
"Tho Republican policy Is adding millions
upon millions annually to taxation, with
no benetlt to the people. Its policy neces
sitates large standing armies, which the
American people look upon as a menace to
their freedom. Its policy Is that of cen
tralization, whereas- we Democrats believe
that In the principle of local self-sovern-ment
rests tho strength of our institutions.
"Tha people are heartily weary of the
extravagantly high schedules of tho Ding
Icy tariff, which thwart efforts for tho de
velopment of our foreign trade and build
up enormous trusts and monopolies, which
are such an oppression to the people.
"The coal strikes In Pennsvlvama are the
logical consequence of the formation of
huge trusts and monopolies, made possible
and fostered by extravagant Republican
tariffs. The laborer sees tho properties
of the employers for whom he works put
Into a combination or trust and capitalized
far In excess of their actual value. Then
ho Fees dividends paid on this enormous
iictitlous valuation and finds hlm"elf called
uron for Increased labor to produce these
dividends. It Is not to bo wondered that
he objects and demands un increase of
wages fcr hit Increased labor."
fe-tA iV ; l
nOW WOULD THEY VOTE?
For Missouri Fair Sandny, except
Rlioivrrs lu ntrrinr southeast por
tlun; Tvarmrr In eastern and south
ern portion. Monday fair nontlierly
For Illinois naln 5andny. Monday
fair; fresh Koutlicrlr tvlrnls.
For Arkansas Fair In western, rain
in eastern portion Sunday. .Monday
fair: winds mostly southerly.
1. American Policy in China.
Military Rule In Strike District.
i Death Notices.
Want Ads. Too Lata for Classification.
Two Trains Held Up In One Night.
6. Th9 Rallropru,
City News In BrirA
7. Illinois Politics.
8 Democrats Urged to Active Work.
Committees Report to the Conference.
Masons Laid the Comer Stone.
Slx-Year-Oid Hero of Morgan Street
5. Chamberlain Will Win at th Polls.
10. Baseball Ola".
Strong Men Not Oood Boxers.
Couiiskey Is on Top Again.
11. Race Track News.
12. Purchaso of tho E. Jaccard Jiwelry
2. Tha Fall of TIen-Tin Described by
Court Wltho'it Law or Lawyers.
Blind Luck of an Irish Miner.
Preacher-Sheriff and His Plans.
Vv'hy D'AxvUIo Quiti tho Stage.
2. Pathetlo Fato of a Thirteenth Child.
Hld-xms Trick of North American In
dians Beautiful Embroidered Rose3 Made by
Ghosts Appear In a Subway.
Ccuntess to Work In Slums.
4. Toung Blood Needed In Baseball.
Spirit of Sporlmansfclp Is Growing.
C. Pugilists Swindled New Yorkers.
New of the Uridlron.
Weather Favomblo for Golf.
Senator Hoar's Democratic Speech.
When Republicans Ruled Missouri.
Charicter Study of John Mitchell. Lead
er of tho Miners.
7. Death Notices.
Corporation? May Take Fair Stock.
8. Fraternal Order News.
1. Declares Husband Is a Blgami-f
Features of St, Louis Fair.
Prize Cotton Going to Boston.
2. Notes Taken In Society.
3. Bryan Discusses India's Condition.
i. Help and Sltus-tlons Wanted.
5. Ascnts Wanted Rooms far Rent Ada.
6. Real Estate Fcr Rent ard Sale.
7. Miscellaneous Wanted and For Sale Ads.
S. Business and Professional Want Ads.
9. ljodze Notices.
Greeting From Veiled Prophet.
10. Week' Record in Real Estate
Woman Battles With Vicious Dog
Uathbone Wants Bn'stow Indicted
11. Financial and Commercial News.
12. Church to Celebrate Golden Jubilee.
Twenty-live Years a Grave Digger.
Sothern Defends Ills Idea of Hamlet.
Hope for Chlna'n Future.
ENGLISH SYNDICATE'S BID.
Offers to Buy Majority of Ameri
can Cereal Company's Stock.
Akron. O., Sept. 22. O. a Barber to-day
sent out a letter to the stockholders of tha
American Cereal Company, In which he
"As a representative of a syndicate of
English bankers, who desire to purchaso a
large majority or all of the American Cereal
Compnnj's stock, I am authorized to offer
$rn per share for the same.
"The syndicate proposes to deposit J.1,500.
000 with one of the prominent trust com
panies or banks of Chicago as a guarantee
of Its Boo-l faith to pay for tha wiock as
It Is delivered up to par."
TOWN WIPED OUT
Closing of Siemens and Ualske's
Plant Throws Nine Hundred
Persons Out of Work.
Industry in Grant, 111., P.lasted Be
yond Hope Nearly Four
Thousand Persons Depend
on Idle Employes.
Chicago, IIL, Sept, VZ. In the discharge
of the last of the workman at the Siemens
& Halske plant to-diy, the town of Grant
was practically wiped out of actlvo exist
ence by tho clectrla tru't. and r) men and
women, upon whom S.600 persons depended
for support, were made Idle, Theee victims
of a great trade combination, which Is con
trolled by the Ceneral Electric Company,
face the coming winter with dread Scores
aro leaving the community dally, for the
only Industry Is blasted be) end hope.
Tlio last workmen but twelve, who, also,
will bo dismissed this week, to-day re
ceived their last wages at the plant known
as tho Siemens and Uil'ke Company. Two
hundred and llfly mncnln'sts. nrtcen black
smiths and thirty-live girl cmp!oje3 were
dlsml'sed nnd tojd that they would never
be neoded again by the company. A few
men wero engaged to-day. and to-night
packing up the machinery used In the man
ufacture of automobile. This will be
shipped to the Fort Waynt factory owned
by tho trust. Commencing the middle of
August the reduction of Torce had been
gradual. First ono department was closed,
then another, and the only explanation
given was. "Wo don't need you any more."
Tha labia appended shows tho number
thrown out of work by tho trust:
AtttomoWi" drt r)t Moh" T3
Machine rrop J I'.Uek?:r.lt!i IS
IVindry 5? j Mica ur lli:tS3 ... "I
Wlndlre 75 Total C7
The total weekly wages of theso eraplojfs
Already the effects of the shut-down are
being felt by the entire community. Tour
boarding-houses havo closed up, two gro
cera aro advertising their places for sale,
fewer cars will bo run by the street rail
road', weddings havo been postponed, nnd
church contributions have fallen oft to al
most nothing. Grant In a short time will
become a deserted village.
Most of the windows at the plant have
been nailed up. As far as can be learned
none of the employes were given a place
In any of the other factories owned by the
A good Idea of the magnitude of the
plant can be obtained from the following
Machine shop, H0t373 feet; erecting shop,
S0X2&; blacksmith shop JO-tiCO; hammer
shop 0x125; boiler fhop 1&H2S0; wood ship
70x230, paint phop 70x170; pattern shop Wx
130; foundry 0x-S); cupola COxSO; office
Tho total spaco occupied by the build
ings Is nearly 2u0.000 square feet. The plant
Is pronounced by experts to be the most
complete In tho Unltc-I States.
BOERS AND PORTUGESE FIGHT.
Attempts to Disarm Diir.nhers Pre
London. Sept. 22. A special dispatch from
Ixircnzo Marauez says that Boers arriv
ing there report that collisions are occur
ring on the frontier between Portuguese
troops and burghers, whom the former wish
to disarm on entering Portuguese territory.
Several havo been wounded and further
flghtlns is feared.
The Portuguese are almost powerless un
STRIKERS WERE FIRED UPON.
Guards at Freeland Accused of Do
ing the Shooting.
llazleton. Pa.,. Sept, 2. It was reported
from Freeland late to-night that strikers
who were walking near Slope No. 4. Free
land, were shot upon by guardd. None In
jured. They went to a local justice and are
said to have obtained the guard's arrest.
Minister Conger Empowered to Ne
Russia Told That an American Guard Will Protect
Pekin Legation and Other Troops With
drawn Fleet to lie Strengthened.
The re-plies' of tlio United Statrs to tho notes of Germany, Unsfsia and
Priut-e t'liin?. forwanled Friday, have bowi made public by the State Depart
ment, with a. verbatim translation of the iuiiulries.
Germany's s-usestion that the Powers &hou!d demand the deliverance and
carry out the punishment of notorious Chinese leaders of the attacks on tho
legations, befor peace negotiations arc entered into, is not received with
favor. The United States Government w ill insist upon the punishment of thoso
leaders, but desires that tlio Chinese Government mete 11 out It urges tto im
mediate restoration of the Imperial Government.
The Russian memorandum asklni; whether our legation Is to be withdrawn
to Tien-Tsn with our troops and busses tin? such a course to the Powers is
answered by the statement that the United States Government will not remove
ifej legation from Pekin. Trince Chlng is recosnized ad a peace envoy.
Pnuce China's request that Minister Conner be empowered to Immediately,
begin peace negotiations Is complied with.
It is anuounced by the State Department that with tho exception of a
Btrons legation guard the American troops will be rapidly withdrawn front
The Navy Department has ordered six vessels to the Asiatic Station. Wort
on tho ships in the docks will be rushed, and several ordered to the Paclflo
Station. This action is taken because of tho large European squadron forming
off Chiua. The probability of a world war Is being discussed In Washington,
and tho navy is being put into condition to protect American Interests.
TEXT OF THE INTERNATIONAL NOTES.
Washington, Sept. 22. Tho State Depart
ment to-nlsht mado public the text of tha
notes addressed by It to tlio Governments
of Germany, Russia and China in answer
to Inquiries from them as to the attituda
of the United States toward various phases
of tho Chinese problem.
Tho forecasts of these notes mado In tha
press appear to have been accurate, for,
although novvherft In the text la referenco
mado to the withdrawal of the United States 1
troops from China, the official statement
was made by the Navy Department, In ad
vance of tho publication of the notes, bear
ing out the prediction that the Govern
ment has finally decided upon such a mate
rial reduction of tho military force ru will
amount to tho withdrawal oX tho army a3
an offensive Instrument,
Thl3 statement from tho Navy Depart
ment, moreover. Is full of slgnlflcatice ot fl.
purpose on the part ef the Government to
bee to It that If there Is a subsecuent at
tempt at territorial aggression on tho part
of any of tho Powers who already have de
clared themselves as willing to abide by tha
expre-ssed determination of tho United
Stales to refrain from seizin,- upon Chinese
terltors-. then the United States will lose
no right or prlv llcgo w h'.ch It now enjoys j
by such action.
Tho notes themselves aro brief, consider
ing tha Importance cf the topics treated,
tho Russian and Chinese answers being In
tho form of diplomats' memoranda and
short to a degree rarely seen tn cipiomaiio j
exchanges. But in both cases being com
pletely respon'lvo and favorable to tho in
quirer, they will escape- criticism on that
Tho answer to the German note Is care
fully phrased, so as to softer, tha unquali
fied refusal ot the United States Govern
ment to rrake the punishment of the Chi
nese ringleaders a condltlcn precedent to
negotiations. Also, It Is noted that In th
expression of a purpose to lnsl;t upon tho
ultlmBto and proper punishment of these
cffcr.dcrs. tho Stato Department goes far
beyond tho German declaration oa tho sub
ject. The announcement that tho department
intends immediately to bring, through Mr.
Conger, conferences with Chlng and LI
Hung Chang, although distinctly marking'
tho fact that these are only preliminary to
nnal negotiations, will have the effect to
force tho other Powers to an immediato
determination of their policies In this mat
ter. The text of tho correspondence follows:
Ante From Germany.
Chinese correspondence. Sept, 1S-2L 1900.
Proposal of tho German Government In
regard to tho delivery of the rcsponslblo
nuthors of tho recent crimes committed in
Pekin and the reply of the United State
Tho Imperial German Charge d'Affairs to
the Secretary of State:
"Imperial aorman Embassy, Washlrgtoa,
Sept. IS, 15w0.
"Mr. Secretary By direction of the Im
perial Chancellor, I havo tho honor to ro
FpectTully communicate to your Excellency
the following: Tha Government of his Maj
esty, the Emperor, considers, as a prelim
inary condition for entering Into diplomatic
negotiations with the Chinese Government,
c, surrender of such persons as are deter
mined upon being the first and real perpe
trators of the crimes committed in Pekin
agairst International law. The number of
perpetrators who served us tools la too
great; a wholesale execution would bo
averse to tho civilized conscience. Further
more, circumstance would not allow It.
e-ven If tho group of leaders could be
completely ascertained. But the few among
them whoso guilt Is notorious should bo
ascertained and punished.
"Tho representatives of tha Powers In
1'ekln should bo In a position to make or
adduce in this Investigation fully valid tes
timony. The number of these punished is
less Important than the character of tho
principal instigators and leaders. The Gov
ernment of ids Majesty, the Kmperor. be
llcveJ that It can depend In tuls matter
upen the concurrence cf all the Cabinets,
for. Indifference towards the idea of a just
expiation would be equivalent to Indiffer
ence toward a repetition of tho crime.
"Tho Government of 1:1s Majesty, tho
Emperor, therefore, proposes to the in
terested Cabinets that they request their
representative In Pekin to designate tbo
principal Chinese personages whose guilt In
tho Instigation or execution ot the crimes
Is beyond a doubt,
"A similar communication Is forwarded
to tho other interested Cabinets.
"Requesting of your excellency a reply. a3
soon as is pratlcable, I embraco this oc
casion to tender tho assurance of my most
Reply of the United States.
Acting Secretary Hill to tho Imperial
German Charge d'Affaires:
"Department of State, Wksalsctoa, O. C, (
Sept. 21, 1300. Sir: In response to your In
quiry of the ISth Instant as to the attitude
of the Government of the United States In
regard to the exemplary punishment of
notablo leaders In the crimes committed In
Pekin, against International law, I bava tha
honor to maka tha following statement:
"The Government of the United States
has from the outset proclaimed its purpose
to hold to the utmost accountability tho
responsible authors of any wrongs done in
China to citizens of tho United States acdi
their Interests, as was stated In the Gov--.
ernmcnt'3 circular communication to tha
Powers of July 3 last. These wrongs
have been committed, not alone In Pekin.
but In many parts of the Empire, and their
punishment Is believed to bo an essential
element of any effective settlement which,
shall prevent a recurrence of such out
rages acd brj-g -.bout permanent safety,
and peace In China.
"It is thought, however, that no pun!Uve
measures can be so effective by way o
reparation for wTongs suffered and as de
terrent examples for the future as the deg
radation and punishment of ths resrorui
bio authors by the supreme Imperial au
thority Itself, and It seems only Just ta
China that she bo afforded la ths first
Instance an opportunity to da tlus, and,
thus rehabilitate herself before the world.
Giving thusly. and without abating in any.
wise Its deliberate purpose to exact the full
est accountability from the authors of tha
wrong wo havo suffered In China, the Gov
ernment of tho United States Is not dis
posed as a preliminary condition to enter
ing Into diplomatic negotiations with tha
Chinese Government to Join In a demand
that said Government should render to tha
Powers euch persons, as according to tha
determination of the Powers themselves,
may be held to bo the first and real per
petrators of those wrongs. On the other
hand, this Government la disposed to hold
that tho punishment of the high rcsponslblo
authors of these wrongs, not only in Pe
kin. but throughout China, Is essentially a
condition to be embraced and provided tor.
in tho negotiations for a final settlement.
"It Is the purpose of this Government at
the earliest practical moment to name its
plenipotentiaries for negotiating a cettlo
ment with China, and la the meantime to
authorlzo Its Minister to Pekin to enter
forthwith la the conference with the duly;
authorized representatives of the ChlneJo.
Government, with a view to bring about a
preliminary agreement, whereby tho full ex
ercises cf the Imperial Power for the pres
ervation of order and protection of foreign,
life and property throughout China, pendlnu
final negotiations with, the Powers, fihaH ha
"Accept, dr, renewed assurances of my;
(Signed) "DAVID J. HILI.,
"Frclherr Speck von Sternberg, etc., etc,
Concerning the appointment ot Princa
Chlng as plenipotentiary:
Handed to Mr. Ade by the Chinese Min
ister, Mr. Wu, September 17, 10:13 a. xa.,
Cablegram from Prince Chlng-. dated at
Pekin, September 8, 1SCO; transmitted by
the Chinese Minister at St. Petersburg en
tha ISth instant to Minister Wu, vho re
ceived It on tho nlsht of the same lay:
"Foreign troops have entered Pekin. and
their Majesties, tho Enjpreta Dowager and
tho Emperor, having gone westward on a.
tour, I have received an imperial edict, ap
pointing mo envoy plenipotentiary, with
full discretionary powers. In conjunction
with Grand Secretary LI Hung- Chang, to
ce-gotlata peace. I'leasa inform Secretary
of State, and request that, in view of tha
long, friendly relations existing Letwoen tho
two powers. Instruction ty telegraph to tha
United States Minister at Pekin to open
negotiations in a. harmonious way at an early
date to the interest and gratiacatlon of
all concerned. "
Itee-oKaitlon ot Chine:.
Handed to tho Chinese Minister by tha
Actlcs Secretary of State, September 21.
1200. 2:45 p. m.:
"Memorandum In response to Mr. W-u,""
communication September 17, 13u0, of a
cablegram; from Frinco Chlng. dated Pekin,
September t HxA
"Tho Government cf the United States
accepts tho plenipotentiary authority of
Earl LI Hung Chang and Prince Chlng us
prima facie sufficient for tho preliminary
negotiations lo.jk.ng toward tha return of
the Imperial Chinese Government and to the
resumption of its authority at Pekin and
toward tha negotiation of a complete set
tlement by the duly appointed plenipoten
tiaries of the Powers and of China.
To these ends the. United States Minister
In Pekin will ba authorized to enter into ra-
CaAtrmaedi rme Two, Sccam OaJmsui.