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THE EErUBLIC: SUNDAY. SErTEMBETC 23, 11)00.
THE ST. LOUIS REPUBLIC
PUBLISHERS: GEORGE KNATT CO.
C&ir'es W. Kn&pp, President and Gen. MfT.
OeiMx I Allen. Vice Presidcnt.
W. 11. Carr. Secretary.
Offle. Ornipr Seventh and Olive Etretta.
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AdJresn. THE RETUHUC.
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urder any circumstance..
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TKIJ-TI'IIOXE XI Jllll'ItS.
rointlr.c-Room Miln 3011 A "S
Editorial Reception Upon ...I'ark 1M A 74
Reosraphlcally connected with tlie Uni
ted States, anil of people who would
not bo able if they were -a Ull:ir Jo
share In the government, the liberty and
the Independence" tr the United States.
If the lb-publican campaign e-ommit-tecs
enu liwl anywhere in tin spee-ohe's
or writings of the rather., of Hie Ke
public an uHe-rance approvlM such a
courst which is the course followed by
MeKinley and his helpers-the Ameri
can people would reail it with interest.
It Is. as a matter of course, a national
duly for the American pc.p.e to pay
the war ta ueccssarv lo tlefrav tiie e-ost
of the campaign in the Philippine-, and
of the recent operations in thina-un-
dcriakings which have required during
the past two mouths expend tuie.s ag
Kiegating .-!:.. Vl'.ir,i'. or an aei-.ip of
ahout 7:t.uuu jier day.
Tliii enormoiw dislmr-enieut i al)
wirheil by war. I'. en thou-th the atl
miiiKtratif.ii at Wa-liinsion c-i.nteni!-,
that a Mate of war does not now eu.t
in the Philippines the American people
c-Jtiuot lint draw dilferent eoiu-iu-ions
from the laet.- which they
to face. It is
St. Louis's waterworks are poor what
ever they may he In point of machinery
St. I.ouKans might consent to divert-in-j
the revenue from water rates to the
reneral rewnue. under an admini-tra-tion
that save promNc of u-in: that
revenue for other purposes than to pay
saut: salaries, i,ut no seiisihle. Informed
St. I.oui.sjin would think of iudorsiu; a
HOAR'S DEMOCRATIC SPEECH"
-READS LIKE AN EXTRACT FROM
KANSAS CITY PLATFORM. Jt jt
TT. n Curr. In Hainpr of Tfcp ?t.
TavI- TteJblti. Ing- duly -Tom. ny-i that
th actual r.nribn- of full and complete
copies of the daJlr anA Sunday Itepubllo
printed durlnr the month of Ausu-t. 15. all
la refjlar edttlom. w5 ai per aohedula
b Sunday. .86,3-40
19 Sunday.. 85,950
o. 65 - 1 U
9 63.740 '25 ..
-0 82,550 6 Sunday
11 88,335 107
Tctal for the month 2,612,795
Ls) all cople- polled In print
ing, left over or filed .M3
Nrt number distributed.... 2, 567,243
Ternge daily distribution.... S2,814
Ard tald fV. B. Carr further Bay
that the number of copies returned or re
ported unsold ditrint the month of August
wa 7.K per cent.
X. n. CA11R.
Sworn to and jnibrcrlbed befor me this
list day of August. ".
II. M. KNOX.
Notary Tublle. City of St. Louis, ito. ily
term -expire- July 1. 1ML
WOKK AT HOME.
Sound Judgment is shown ly Itaron
Hothschild. head of the great Iuropeau
hankinc-hotise, in his declaration that,
"while the I'nited States have vast, un
developed, rich territories at home, for
her to seek additional responsibilities
in foreign lands is nm-tiestioiiably au er
lor and would In the end lead to Inter
national complications! in which Amer
ica's credit would greatly suffer."
If every foot of land were settled and
under cultivation, if every mine were
opened and producing to its capacity. If
eery promWug district had been pros
pected and its exact mineral wealth as
certained, there might be .some sense in
looking for an opening to which reserve
-strength might be diverted. This is the
case with the colony-farming countries
of Kurope. England's little inland has
long since Iteeu developed to th" ut
most, and she can spare the men and
the money for use In developing col
onies. Then is every indication that the
mineral and agricultural possibilities of
the West exceed many time-, over the
possibilities of the Philippines. Even
commercial and industrial considera
tions, on which the Imperialists base
their principal argument for the annexa
tion of the Philippines, point to the ln
adrNaliillty of adding the Philippines
to the domain of the I'nited States.
AVERTING PORE.ST riRES.
1'ores.t and Stream and the Forester
combine to instruct the hunter bow to
onduct himself In the woods 10 pre
vent the disastrous and destniotUe for
est llres which every fall, between the
turning of the leaves and the coming of
snow, change beautiful forest tracts into
charred, unsightly wastes. The pipe, .gun
and camplire of the hunter are held re
'poiisibIe fr ti,e iirus. The following
concise directions are given to avert
the menace his presence carries to the
forests that yield him diversion:
NeUT build a fit wrere 111 flam&a can com
municate to irra- or brush cr branihei of
Ne-r build a fire nhere th parl;s can he
carried to brush, tree. lea-H or era.
Nr build a tire without nm notms th
lav of the land with resect to controlling It
after It la kindled
Ne'er Ie camp for the div with the fti
to born unattended Extlwruieh It thurojchu .
Under no circumstance, when nxnln.
camp. Have the fire to burn r emoIJ.r. Iut
To xtlr.;rul3h a fire built upon the f-round
There there ! tuif. th roots of treen vr
.ther li'Retable matter i'l th- i-oU. pour water
Im It until the frround Is thoroughly poake-I;
ihe-i dl around aLout ami wtll outsld- the
circumference, lhn..wln the earth In toward
th center and then wet It down at-aln.
Nerr us Inilammable wads In a fun.
MaUe sure that a match Is cold before you
throw- It away.
Hunters who knowingly fall to ob
serve these precautions may be classed
wllh caudal. Hunters should be espe
cially interested in preserving the nat
ural beauties which give them enjoy
ment. The rules indicate study of the
1 pretty serious war
the expenditares now-
inevitable for the mamieuaiHe of our
army In the Pliilitmiites .viii... .....i ..
Jieces.;lty the hurried return lo Manila
of the troops sent to China, which con
tinues to swell the casualty lists re
ported to the War Department by (,;.n
eral MacArthur. We should not relish
any stronger proofs that wc are en
gaged In a war at the present moment.
I.iu. wlnle paying their war taxes, it
is proper tb.it the Amerieau people
should prolit by the lesson now being
taught. This lesson const itntcs. -i ...it....
juiisirauuu hi tin. eHs that must at
tend an American surrender to the
policy of Empire and of land grabbing
in the Eastern Hemisphere which is
wisely forbidden by that sound Ameri
can doctrine now so openly disregaidcd
l'.v the McKinlcyitcs. At the very b
ginnmg of the new order of things
brought alMiut by the greed of Empire
the cost to the American people has
reached a total of nearly .?1.iih'."i) per
day. A war that must inevitably de
telop into a prolonged war for tlie ex
termination of S..00O.IHX) people is now
on in the Philippine. Tile menace of
war with some lirst class Power grows
greater the more we meddle in affairs
in the Old World. The prim in money
and blood of the new American policy
of imperialism promises to be appalling.
Tt is not probable that the American
people will consent to fasten this burden
upon themselves at the dictation of the
American trusts who are using the ov
ernment as a trust possession. It is
likely that they see very clearlv now the
evil and the peril of that spirit of im
perialism for the creation of which in
tlie popular mind the splendid meaning
01 our war with Spain for the liberat
ing of Cuba was perverted and dis
honored. If this be true and all right
ly patriotic Americans should pray that
It be the popular verdict rendered at
the polls on November : will put au end
for all lime to the bastard American
dream of Empire at the sacriti.-e of lib
erty and Justice which now possesses
the souls of the administration and Its
"OXCI.SE ami complete.
A coiici.se and complete picture of the
manifold oppressions of ihe trust sys
tem is giteit by i:r-,an in his letlei of
"The nuisumcr suffers eUoriion. the
producer of raw material has bill one
puichaser and must sell at the arbilniry
price tied: the laborer has but one em
ployer :ind is poweiless to protest
against injustice either in wages or in
conditions of labor; the small .stock
holder is nt the mercy of the specu
lator, while the traveling salesman con
tributes his salary lo Ihe oicrgrowii
profits of the trust."
Every man, woman and child in the
I'nitrd States is banefiilly affected by
the trusts. Every man. woman or child
can be placed in one of the classes
I'.ryan has enumerated. Tin1 class of
consumer embraces them all. Some oc
cupy a place in two of the classes.
Hanna and Koo.setcli are to speak nt
East St. Eouis. This is another Indica
tion that the ticket 011 which the coun
try Is to .ote in NowuiIht Is "Haiuia
and Uoosewlt." Hanna's challenge to
J.ryan for a joint debate argues that
Hauua himself has that impression.
Missouri loter.s are watching with ab
sorbed Interest the race between Joseph
Plory and Richard O.ilton to determine
which can make public in the shortest
time the largest number of misstate
ments regarding the affairs of the Slate
If Senator Hoar had not fallen su
pinely into line with the MeKinley ad
ministration he might now look his antl
luiperinlistic speeches calmly in tlie face
instead of starting violently whenever
he comes across them.
Hanna's declaration in his Chicago
speech, "I believe there is not a tnit
in ihe entire I'nited States." seems to
be a material revision of his historic dic
tum. "The trusts do no harm; they
ought to be left alone."
The Rpnbl!- Unrein,
llth Pt. aid ri-uli-)li.ui!i Av
W.i!iIriKton. Sept. "i Some months ago
in there ills-jiatchcs It was sucgestcl that,
although Henator Ho.tr then v.as Fjic.ikiug
most iRorouMly In the ?enate fr.ilust tin:
ImiM-rl.il tt'iideiicli" of the ".li-Kinley ad
ministration, predicting the ilou: fill or tie!
Iteinilille if the innie did tint :irie ia llicir
miKlit and drio it from pm.cr. et. at this
proper time he, the M.imMCliuHf its patriot
.Hid st.-itcm.in. would lie found ardently
- iiprmrtitiK MclCin'. y for rr-eltotl.in. ,md
.trulns- for iwifeotion of all the Itepuh
Iiean policies MiiiKht to Ik Inaugurated.
This prediction 1ms been ".enfiHl. Henator
Hoar tij-.l.iy j-j a.- devoted and efliclcnt a
worker for .MclCInW as can ! found ,my
whcie. It reipiired little jirescli nee lo fore
tell his action. It I- consNtu'it with tlie
last ten je.irs ur his Inconsistent course.
Mr. Hoar might he 8vled a man of 50 keen
an Intellect that he cuts him.lf with his
own adioitne"". In one of his rmny
sn"Th. against Imiicrinhsm, Mr. Hoar
said In the Senate:
The epl ler spin- Its thread, the owl mat, Its
m'drhrltt perch In their palnce IJUt ptllt tho-.
liltl wini 'Thou ehait 11. t Mjl. thou ili.llt
not ct tint that It Ihy nelRlinor? whatever
30 WMlll that nn .-hall .lo to oti, do ccn
SM. imam unto th, nt" hie thnvuich tl.- dK-..
blazlne on.1 ii'idltnin.sl Mr. President, '.mi m.iv
Ielatf. joii may retlne: -ou nay ilout.t, j.m
may ileny ltut tic n forem.wt acti..u It ear
I iMorv. the rnremoat a.ti 1 In all fctstorj. I1 Hi
writing tilKHi ila ibises ihtw simple an I fuMIii.4
Iii1iii; MnteiK-c of tl-e Ieclaratlon f I11.I
tndenre. And th mn who ftan.l by It hill
live In the eternal inenwry of mankind; and th
men w-ho tieirt from It, howeirr Irtumt.liart an.l
m.-ci!sf!il In their utile i.ll, I.... shall pr.li nn.1
W foigott. n. or hh?ll t- rem. nibeied only to Ic
.1. si Ke.1 I have failed lo d "mer in the
-IN-c.il, putllo or pfUat. of the Advocates of this
war. or In IL j.rv.'i wht'-h Mipporl it and thn,
a einsle exprsl n utijuhtr.- 01 a deMr.- !ti do
u-.ti'-c to the p. pV of the IMilliipine Ielandi1, T
t .1 a de-m- to n.ake kn.wn to the i-niple tf th."
, 1 Idled S'ttt-. the tnith of the cas S. m of
11 cm. !'!e the s.nibr from Jndtani nrnl the
lreildent of II Senate are caiUpok-n In tllr 1 linle'
' i'Uri.e.e to retain th l'hllipplrc 1-Urd-. f imer. j
1. -o.em tlM.ni .ei-iim. or t.. .!. what they in xcw England tor many vears lst It
.dl BiMnjr lh.ni sitch -h.iro In K"cmmfnt as I llns u.,. the euti.m to r.turn to the P. n
l.r.alter nia see lit. halnit regard to our ... . .1 ,. . . .. ...... . . . ,K.
loiu:ei. It I hardly to., much to say that
no ItcproM nlatlv.. or sVnater can become
di-.titiali!l. d for s iu-c. If h L- in a mel-
Tiie c.itchr..rd. 1! , ric the pith an I
pregnant phri'.s of which all their neih i
rull. all in. a'l dominion. They iman iieritnal
dominion Whin a man l-IU j.ci that the
Am. rican nag mut not l hauled down wh-re
It Inn ome :t'atecl, or lrian!4 of a shoiit
Injt BJlr.re- "Who will haul it down " If he
hfailj. anj thimr. he rr.-nli3 that that i-n.le
shall lie iiniNr our ilommlon forever. The man
who ea: "We. will t..t treat with them t
th y M.hnut. we will not deal with men
n"tn aK.iliet 11. flag." nt. in substance toe
son ihlnu j(r. lT.yi.l.m. tl.ia I the
il'irltie .f pue.t ruftiaiii-m an-1 t-rirnv. Ther
I- notlilio- of the I-i.,r.!tion of In.'. jend.-w e
In II. There 11 nothing of tlie .'onH'tulloii f t'i-
I'liil-.! S(at.ii In It Th' r is n thin of the
fitr.is. In It There 1 nothing of Owe, Va'i
Ington In It. or of Thoniaa Jefferson. There s
nothing In It .if the old Virgin! 1. or of th- ..11
S.jth t'arollnt. or of the old MaaeHchtlM tts. If
.Ty t-rrltory o.-r whk-h Hi IfciK of a country
has ons nuatc must le held, and never shall
1 5 It Idol acaln to th i.illun to which it h
lons.l. every war ! tw.cn great aed t.merfal
natlii mui 1-- a war cf termiratlon . r a
war of dishonor alike to th vbtor and to the
All unthinking reader will suppose from
this tnat Air. Hoar was Mimculi.tt opp..sil
to Imp. lali-m. Why. nut at all. At the
lirst opportunity he civ. It his oiee and
vote; and at the same tiu.e hat the supreme
effri.nli ry to talk about "a hypocrite." A
virile opponent, he says, am I lo tatal im
perialism, hut. hr-caus- of William AlcKln
lcys hiith tariff theory, yet am 1 for his
ro-.-Iei tion. And then lie Inlprlards hi re
marks with a limitation from scripture, as
he ha done in every speech he h'ls made
in the p iFt srorc of jetr. "Heware or the
leavtn ..f the Pilaris. cs, which li hj.oe-isy."
Mr. Hoar's term will expire .March 1. K'd.
(iro would Mippo.se that when the Massa
chuwtts I.'fili'lature or KCnrral court mo w
iiKaln. this pllialdc manikin's seat would
he in danger. There Is no pr ihahilllf of it.
The liay state I:, publicans look upon
Hoar's anti-Imperialistic antics a proof of
I1I1 ctitemss. "Ain't lie dreadful smart?"
they say. n thev read of their t-mator'.s
contortions. "Sen how he cot out of that
I New KnuUnd Itepubllcans. Wltnefs the
Al.iine dist'it where the licpuhlicans h.te
renomlnand a man adJudR.d to be In.-anc.
The Heptihlican plan is to have him sworn
j In by sending a deputy to administer the
I oath of olii.-e; and tli.n have him paired
1 n.iLt.nitily with .1 1'emocrat, and thi is
THE I I
an j the Malm- Idia of generous emotion and sen- j m.-nt and bapp
til t'ment. There will U. dltlleultl..- in the way constituent yet
2 I '" ,ui C:"M"- Thp Ho"" will I.e I), tnnir.it- "What: Von h
If. and when the eertiiicate of .I.silon .if
this go.U. m-in. I.-qallv dead. Is present. d.
h will he thrown out much more qnUkly
llinu was 'Cob. rt. the nne t-ilyifamlst
from t'tah. lint if the IIouf.' -Itould' le Ke
putilKau. what RHie Hem u-rat could they
Imik to hate paired with this afllii ted mem
ber? It would be an insult to any member
lo have his vote offet by that of a crazy
Hut think of the character of men who
would send an insane man to make laws
for their ft lions. It is imiMTialfm run
mad. We can do anything, say the llepub- I Is said, with apparent authority, that Ste
in a moderate voice. No more bets arc
fered. ami large odds are unharil of.
When Logan was in the Senate. ,,," wa,
fsmou for the number of Illinois llept.lv.
lkans he got appointed to depattimit
pl-ires. Aftir Cleveland's election, in 1S-I
I-ettan dropped into the Post Otllee I)epa-t
nappciieu to see an old IIHnr.
noKting on to his fat i.,o
ere still?" asked I-nc. ,
"Ys. ami I am keeping still." said t. e
Illinois m-in, burrslnj- on, so as not to le
seen tall.in; to the Itepuhllcan candid -i.
for the vice pre.sHency.
This Is the condition of the nepul,irt-a .
Their mouths are not worked so hard
they were some weeks ago. They are .1
voting unusual attention to their defc.
and if the word "I'omocrnt" is ir.eatii,ne.i
It is In a mild and resnectful tone.
A number of Cabinet officials ara 111 I
ikaiu. in these .lays. Nothinc: Is. unconsti
tutional or illffral. We control. No pent-up
I't'.ca r.strains our powers.
Htigsestion is made in Washington tint
the election of this afflicted gentleman Is
on" 10 .uaine tnrut. I la vine done some
rctari." Hay and Hoot are In such a run
down condition that they would retire If 4
long term of service confronted them. A
It K proliably they will continue until r.eit
March. If Air. AlcKlnley should be r-
iecte.1 mere is no probability that any of
tl.ing for UepnMioans n bis district, thsv the present Cabinet would serve longer! It
iicmors ieit .-ompe'ieii to dicnarge the Ibt- ls "ii" tnat an ot tnem tiesire to retire.
A wibscrirtlon would take cash out
purse. "Let's send him to Consr.-s,
he can draw IV"i a jear from th'
Trrauiy. We have to do something for
!um, and that Is the cheapest way out of
tie .1 01. i; rsvei titt. itu in ttj.-iit .iceire 10 retire.
of the It prolKihly has cscaiied the attention .j ;
. where most of the Kepuhllc's readers that St.V
IVder.iI I-eiuls might, tn an extreme case, furnish a V
wii inl-re-a. nisi as they teinetlmes x.d.1. to
th.lri The ether urtv "Hush w nm not
.is-Ioe our pnrpH. tost n w P.rhaiei we hmj ' j
at th.y phrae it. '.ih iheni Iilit soia- time, j
inn it li to be a lonj time lirst "
house, or 111 Jill, he still Is tllslble with
The projects for Democratic surcfw in
NcAemlier are growing brighter daily. The
Ilepubllcan leaders now admit, in private,
that the House will go Democratic. I'epub
llcm aiHicis are that Indiana and Illinois
probably will go J. mocratlc: and the ISe
pulilicaiis ara worriid greatly about New
In the l partments recently there has
been a marked change in the conversation
of the chiefs of division, clerks an.l other
small fry. Itryan's name is spoken quit.)
res-pectfui:-. The-e little fellows, are a good
lndi x of the opinions of the CabineL Some
v:e(ks aso one could not enter a depart
ment without bearing. In the corridors or
at the Jili., brash prtdhtlons of Hepub
Ucait majorities To-day politics are dis
eusscd iry little by the cltrks, and then
President. 15y the. death of Vice President T,
iiounn. ino i-r.Fiucni:ai succession full to
sv-rttai-y of State Hay, then to lage,
Tnasury: Knot. War; Crlgg-. Attorney
Genenil, nnd Hitchcock, Interior, In the or
der named. That Is, of course, providlngr
no constitutional (llsqiiajiticntion exists hi
any case, such as foreign birth, it would
require a striking group of deaths to bring
the Presidency down to the Interior I.
partment before Atarch 4th, and yet If re
ports arc truo. the health of several of ths
olticlals named is In a precarious state.
Their condition. In fact, ls such that whea
the President returned this week from
campaigning In Ohio he found no member
of tho Cabinet in Washington to confer
with him, excepting Attorney General
Griggs. A Chief Kxccutne with a one-man
Cabinet Is without precedent; and this oc
casioned more comment by reason cf m-vr
and critical declopments In the chines
situation. W. s. D.
SEE THE BOOKS,
HERE IS A SAMPLE PAGE. j o
subject of forest Hres. Their observance
would undoubtedly le-sen or abolish
these autumnal calamities.
EVEN LOVE SLTrEISS.
Municipal misrule se'euis 10 have
passed the limit of endurance when it
becomes an obstacle In the course of
true low's stream. A parent's opposi
tion, a rival's spleen and a chape-run's
oUicii.usness are tolerable. Those who
navigate love's troubled river expect to
a old or conquer such obstacles. Hut
when a municipal administration sets
ib-olf up as an additional rock in that
troubled river, rebellion is certain. Par
ents, rivals aud ehaperoues will join
the lovers In denunciation.
Tills has happens in St. I.onis. A
minister on his way to Join in the en
during tx-iitls of matrimony a happv
couple that had passed all tlie usual ob
stacles was Rtuek and held captive In
deep ,,., W,ijc ,ll jropauj.,,, iovors
and the rice-laden observers peeked and
pined the auxlous hours away and hope
ueierreti made tlie lean sick. The driver
of the miuisteT'.s carriage did not know
the moderately hard places in the street,
and there were no street lb-Ins m .it.i
him. After hours the minister was res
cued and taken to his destination on
There Is worse than opposition here.
There is treason. First with the iop)ie:i
of Ins luniplenituilinoiis visage in the
Major's Moon, the ISurgomaster of St.
Louis- encourages jouug love to sprout
and when the tender plant has reached
the critical stage the moon goes out. the
stars disappear and not a single street
lamp, are, incandescent or We'lsbaeh
mantle, shines iut to light the way.
Then ministers are mired ami weddings
ar postponed and all is confusion and
distress and maidens weep and lovers
mourn in inky darkness.
Every fair-minded -, .ouFaa n
protest against Mich oppression. Een
tlie ste-rn fathers who make Gretna
Greens to prosper will add their voices
to the condemning clamor.
There is alwajs an inclination to i(..
fer a duty which does not clamor lor
immediate performance. I'or this reason
many St. Loulsans will lose their vole at
the November election because they
failed to register.
Everybody who is not .satisfied with
muddy, silly, suspend water should
join heart and soul in the unncmcut tor
a municipal filter plant. It is the poor
man s crusade. The rich can mainiaiii
Mark Hanna seenit. to have forgotten
that a potent Iniluence in the election
of MeKinley In 1M was the keeping of
Hanna in the background. Hanna's
spcdies seem to plead on the other
In the event of Kcpuhlican success iu
Nutemlxr the victory will be celebrated
by the passage of the syndicate ship
subsidy bill taxing the American peo
ple S'-'ixJ.OW.ihh- worlh for trust beuelit.
A more attractive cry than "Heduee
the water rates" is "Keduce the tleileit
by putting Into powvran administration
which will conduct the affairs of the
cily according to business principles."
Kroin now until November 1! no effort
wilt be spared by ihe Kepublicans to
trick the American people into declar
ing that the Dcclar.u ion of Independ
ence was only oratorical buncombe.
Kest assured that If we allow the Me
Kinley administration to trick the Cu
bans of their freedom we are paving
the way to be hoodwinked into surren
dering our ewn freedom.
Mark Hanna's challenge for a joint de
bate with Mr. ICryan proves that the
Trust lloss considers himself, and not
Mr. MeKinley. Hryan's real nntaponist
in this campaign.
Every dollar contributed by the trusts
to Hanna's slush fund is pledged to be
returned a hundredfold from the peo
ple'.s pockets if Mr. MeKinley shall be
Jeif. rson "it. .Sept. ""Old residents or
Jcfterson iity rvmeiiibcr well the period
or Kepublican supremacy nt the State
rap1t.1I. Question any of these denizens
whose memories trace ImcI: l-ast WO con
ernlng this regime aud a tale of Kepub
lican misrule will le related. The facts in
many of these narrations are of record,
hating been made the subject of ductal
Investigation, but thi majority are in
stances that, while common property at
tho time and notorious have had to de
pond on the. retentive memory of the old
eltizcn for prow rvation. CampaUn jears
are conducive to reminiscence-;- of this
kind, and I ho dry liones of Kefuhliean
malfeasance that tMerde-d over the mem
orable eight vetrs of AUseoun s desolation
have been rattled right lively of late. It
Is not uncommon at the capital now to
bear gra heads discussing these im'u
bellum d.i5 and commenting en He-publican
1 barges of Democratic mismanagement
and their -.-rave demands to "see the
books." Neither are those who discuss
tins,, matters all Democrats. Then are
nearly always some Kepublican present
at these impiomptu nu-ttmss. but the facts
are too wed! known for denial. All He-
Iiublu'.ins here know these things as a
matter of history, an.l there are some who
n member with pleasure this period and
long for the "Ileh j.ot.s" of perquisites
that, we-ie allow, d thi m from 15Co to IsTJ.
Tb-se were co-temporaries ot "fount"
Hodman. whee talent lor wholffale loot
lrg Is bis best claim to fume
Apropos of the season, the "Hand-Hook
on Alissourl Politics." the little npgrega
tion of sophlstr. Juggled ligure-s and argu
mentative Icgerd.-nialn. Psued by the Ke
publican State Committee as a vote win
ner, is being ilcusil. Here at the capital
moHt e-vry erne studies his political cate
chism and eons It well. I-ven the novlcei
are disserting this little volume of Inaccu
raeli s and generalities, and showing how
li seldom dev latrs into senso or truth. Cap
tain Albert O. All-n. who wltl be State
Auditor of Missouri, and who has the finan-
1 clal bl-etorj of the State at his finger-V end".
has. In a pamphlet, v. hi.-o he will is-"ue
soon, hung the hide eif the "Hand-Hook"
on the fence. In the malt volume which
be will call "Facts for Ta.p-ier-Ilrief
I'hapters From tie Financial History of
Missouri," he lias rcfute-d all charge's made
by the aggregation of authors who wer.;
responsible for the "Hand-Hook." Captain
connntfd with it in an omcial capacity,
and in some, if not many instances, fa
vored friends were Invited into the ring to
share its spoils. In addition to furnishing
supplie" to prisoner", as legitimately au
thorized by law. the families of nearly all
the official, guards and empIoes, as alto
the families of some of th- State officials
Governor, Auditor. Trca.sure-r and the fam-
Allen preives his assertion !y ligurcs taken ' Hi. s of mhers not connected with the
from the books In the Auditor's oltice. AH 1 prIon. obtained a large portion of their
if the, chapters are interesting re-adlng to J s-upplies of beef. Hour, bacon, corn, bay.
any one not n Kepublican, but one ls par
ticularly so. It deals with tho penitentiary
anil allows the wholesale looting that took
place thcro under the management of tho
I Kcpiihlieans. This book Is not out yet, but
captain All. n has privileged me to u.e this
chapter from it. The content, while it
reveals whole-iile K. publican corruption iu
the management of thi Institution, Is to
s mm ext. nt amusing. 1 111 ls the e.xccrpt
freun "Facts for Taxpaers":
"There Is nothing connected rlth tho
State Government of Missouri that -n cor
rectly and fully reveals tho dliference be-
tweon the methods if the Democratic and
Kepublican parties as the management of
the penltentla-)' at Jefferson Cits-. The rec
ords of lt- management by the Kepublicans
and Democrats is very interesting to the
tHpaer. and Its recital at this time will
enable the voters to decide which of the
political parties In Albwourl should be in
trusted with lt control during the next
four jour. As a fair sample of the man
agement of the institution by the He-publicans.
It will be sufficient to refer to the
unanimous report made by n committee of
the K publican Houc of Kepresentatives of
the Twenty-fifth General Assembly, ap
point' d by Speaker Orrlck, compose-d of
two Kepublican and on" Democrat, found
on page ."1 of the House Journal ot lst'J.
The report says:
" 'Wo are forced, reluctantly we confess.
to the conclusion that the management of
the penitentiary has been of a most reck
less character and highly detrimental to
the Interests of the State. Ir.ilce-d, the pen
itentiary and tho supplies purchased osten
sibly for Its ue jeem to have been re
garded n-t legitimate prey of everybody
wood, cord and other articles from the
prison store. It Is In evidence that quite a
number of prison officials and employes, as
well as of the State e.lllclals, have built
eluring this period some very comfortable
bouses with convict labor. We And that the
Deputy Warden had In cultivation one and
ont-b.ilf acres of land In the year ISoS. from
which ho sold to tho penitentiary lettuce,
onions anil cabbage to the amount of $1.
21.".:.. Ordinarily, in order to arrive at the
net prolltw we would have to deduct from
the nunc the eObt of production, but In thU
case tho purc-hacr, the State of Alissourl.
generously furnished, free of cot, the nec
essary laoor of cultivation of ground, and
boards the laborers gratis." ""
In contrast. Captain Allen'.' "Facts for
Taxpavers" shows that under Democratic
rule tho earnings of the convicts In ISiS
l'0 up to September U. !, amount to
jr.'XiS.OI. mora than sufficient to pay all
expense of the Institution for food, cloth
ing, salaries of officers and guards new
buildings, repairs and other expenses. A
handsome surplus; is thu on hand to be
used as tho Legislature sees fit for the sup
port of tho State Government. So much for
the difference between Democratic and Ke
publican managment of State Institutions.
Another extract from "Tacts for Taxpay
ers" may be of interest. The Kepublican
"Hand-Hook" alleges that the people of
Alissourl nre tae-d over twice as much to
day as they were twenty-five years ago. In
support of this unwarranted statement. It
says: "In 173 the Auditor's report shown
tho lands of the State were assested at Is6j
per acre. They were assessed at t'.tS per
acre In 1SDS, an Increase of $1.03 per acre
1 according to State. Auditor Seibart'a report
So much has the Democratic party dons
for the farmers of the State."
Captain Allen answers this allegation in
this way: "Now, as lands were assessed
In Iw at Jo.b.". per acre on an average. loO
acres were taxed at f. The Tate of Stats
taxes In 1S73 was J.Zc on the SHO, and the.
taxes on 30o acres amounted $;.;. As lands
were assessed In 1S:S at J7.CS per acre, on
an average, 10) acres were taxed at J7'"X
in that year. The rate of State taxes In
IK'S was 23 cents on the $!(. and the taxes
on lit) acres amounted to tl.'JZ. This demon
strates that the land owners of Alissourl
paid $1.07 less tux's on ! acre3 of land In
l'SS than they did In 1S73. And still the,
figures here quoted from the "Hand-Hook"
are given out to the world as rroof that
the peeiple of AHs-ouri are taxed over twhe
as much to-day as they were twcnty-fiv
Spceel Jlosby. one of the deputies In ths
Supreme Court, as in former campaign,
has been elolng some work for Democracy
in the line ot sxreadlng the doctrines of
tho party. He tells a story on the Ke
publicans of Osage Count that will bear
repeating. Air. Atosby made a I-'ourth of
July address tn his native town of Linn.
He had been cautioned not to make a par
tisan speech, and he was cireful, as 1
supposed, to avoid any reference that would
give offence to tho moat cantankerous Ke
publican. He noticed during the course f
It, however, that nearly the whole of the
applause that greeted his audienc was
comlnir rrora the Democratic side of his
audience. He knew personally most of his
hearers, and at his conclusion approached
one ot his Kepublican friends and asked
him In confidence what was. the trouble.
"Well. Speed." this friend said. tha
speech was a rattling good on is a Demo
cratic speech, but jou couldn't expect us
to cheer very loud for that."
Mr. Alosby expressed his astonishment an.l
raid that he had made a thoroughly nonA
partisan address. -
"'Why. pee whiz!" exclaimed ths Indig
nant itepuoucan. "you didn't talk about
thing but the Declaration ot Independence."
tUHIN At. WATSON.
AVhen you compare the tw parly
tickets in Missouri on the basis of fit
ness for public office, the result is an
unanswerable argument for Democratic
DODGE THE QUESTION.
Kepublican campaign committees are
circulating literature to prove that the
Fathers of the Uepublie favored expan
sioii as an American policy from the
e-arllest days of the American nation.
They advance in proof such utterances
as that of Washington iu a letter to
Genera) Sullivan, June 111, 177(1, "I see
110 objection to our indulging a hope
that this country (Canada) may be add
ed to and complete our Union."
Democrats are not In the least ln--llned
to question or deny that Ihe
policy of expansion has been a healthy
symptom of the American lie-public
fitim the earliest days. They are not
.disposed tn tpiestiou the vast benefits
that resulted from the Louisiana Pur
chase by Thomas .Totforson. Their epio
sition Is not to expansion, but to im
perialism: that is, the forcible annexa
tion as a colony of territory in uu way
ItEDUCED "iVATira KATES.
It is inconceivable how any reasoning
person familiar with the condition of
th finance-, of tlie city can urge a re
duction of water rates. St. Louis has
stre-ets "no better thati country roads."
Streets that are paved are not" swept or
cleaned. No funds are available for
that purpose. Sewers aie uucleaucd be
cause no money Is available.
So far from needed additions and im-
provemeuts be-ing made to St. Louis's
eleemosynary institutions, ihe patients
are underfed be-cause no money is avail
able for feeding them properly. The
City Hall is unfinished and vveiri- on it
has slopped because no niouev is avail
able. In spite of all these deprivations a
deficit of alxiut half a million a year is
piling up on the city. Yet there is a
clamor in some places for a .'"."J to oO per
cent reduction of water rates.
Even the Water Department Is not in
n condition lo warrant .1 reduction. The
bonds Issued to pay for the erection of
the Chain of Keicks plant are still un
paid, and this debt, principal ami inter
est, is still a burdeu on the revenue of
the city. Tlie waterworks plant is in
complete, because it is not equipped
with a niter. As the proof of the pud
ding is in the catiug. so tlie test of the
excellence eif a water-supply system is
in the water supplied. Under this test,
regard ins the muddy, silty. susjieeteel
liquid supplied to St. Loulsans as water,
In his present peril it is natural that
Hanna should cry aloud for money, the
only weapon with which he has been.
accustomed to overcome the will of the
It means a long fare-well to Kepublic
an representation in the -Alissourl State
Legislature if the tools of the lobby are
to be liarted from election to that body.
A poor Chicagoan has inherited a bar
onial estate worth slufUHiO situated in
the Isle of Man. He ought to prav fer
vently that he may not wake tip.
St. Louis's waterworks need only one
addition to be entirely unexceptionable
a lilter plant to change the present
murky liquid to pure, clear water.
He is indeed a llag-furler who will
vote to pull down Old Glory and run up
the black ensign of Empire iu place
of the Kepuhlic's standard.
To purge the Mis.suuri State Legisla
ture of the lobby and its fools it will
be necessary to wipe out tlie entire He
Unless our fathers lied in their dec
laration of prim iples iu J77. we are for
bidden fo deprive any people of free
dom now or here-after.
'SWINGS" AN ARMY OF MINERS.
CHARACTER STUDY OF JOHN MITCHELL.
He-e Is the story of the man who can
swing 13o.t.W men men of brawn and mus
cle. w-Ieldcrs of pick and hammer; men
who wring from the interior of the earth
Ihe coal which has made millionaires ot
They havn rights and wrong, thoso
men, and although many of them are
graybeurd'e and few ot them Immature,
the man who controls them, the man who
"swings" th.-m. who purposes establ!hing
their rlgnt? and redressing thflr wrongs,
ls perhaps moro youthful looking than
any of them.
He ls John Alltchell. the executive of the
I'nited Aline Workers of America. He ls
only 31, but he dee-s not look even that.
Like many other men of force, bo is
smooth faced, almost boyish In appear
ance. For his v. light, nearly 170 poumU,
be is rather small iu stature. He dresses
r.e-atly, but not expensively, and usually
weais a i-oft slouch hat. He ls a, native
of Illinois, having been bom In lirald
wood on February 4, lv3.
He is JUit the nan to lead a Kind of
miners. He has been one nimself, and he
comes of gritty stock. His father was
not only a. miner, but a. Union soldier, so
that mining and pluck run in his veins.
He was a mere lad when he be-gan sup
porting himself. His mothe-r died when he
was two years old. and his father died
lour years later, and until he was p)
ears old the boy liveel with his step
mother, acquiring vvhat education his
meager circumstances permitted.
Then he cast loose and began to shift
for himself. He bce-ame a farm laborer.
ell's exacting duties keep hltn In Indian
apolis or e-Newhere most of the time, but
he goe-s home whenever his work permits
Tiling a practical miner, he was alive to
his fellow workman's needs, and. being
equally alive to the power of organization,
he was not slow to identify himself with
any lnlior movement that looked to the
rcul betterment of the miner's condition.
His first oltice of importance In connection
with the Knights of Ialior was In tho
North Illinois subdistrict, of which, in
IS!'."., be was made secretary-treasurer. He
was bright and quick wltted, with a
Knack for argument and .1 pleasing ad
dress, which made those with whom be
argued listen to what be had to say. Con
sequently, a year after he became secretary-treasurer
he was sent to Springfield
to work for mining measures leforo the
Legislature. This he did with such per
sistency and intelligence that he secured
the passage of the "Gross Weight" law
and the anti-trust laws. These and other
measures which were pased at lib In
stance mad.; him extremely popular. As
a result bo became, ill 7, a member of
the 1'xecutivo Committee of the Illinois
State organization, and In the same )t-ar
was made an urganlzer of the national
Step by step he had risen to more and
more commanding importance in labor
council. He took another step up In liJS,
when he was elected vice president of the
had no failure's, and has been successful
in all the strikes he has ordered. Conse
quently, he stands well with the rank and
tile of the organization. Outside of this,
he has been, since 1VS, fourth vice presi
eient of the American Uetlerallon of La
bor, and a member of the Executive Coun-
II. In which ho ls one of the close ad
visers of Samuel Gompcrs. tie Is an act
ive and energetic man outside of his labor
Interests. i hiie a resident of Spring Val
ley he was pre-sldent of an athletio asso
ciation and cf reve-ral literary and ejduca
tioual clubs, and president of the Hoard of
Education, and was otherwise prominent
in local affairs, being a leader in an in
dependent political club.
His youthful appearance has nlrcady
becn remarked upon. Among bis associ
ates, both In labor circles and in th out
side clubs over which be has presides!,
bis ouiu; looks have earned him the title
of "the boy prci-ldent." His aeldress as a
public speaker ks said to lie agreeable and
Impressive, as he has a cle-ar, good voice
and an excellent command of language.
The L'nlteel Aline Workers of America,
berlns the greatest labor body the world
has ever seen, .Mitchell's rapid success in
obtaining the presidency of the organiza
tion might have expected to turn the head
of so young a man. Hut bis relations with
bis fellow board members and others aro
thorougnly cordial, and he Is both digni
ties! nnd easy to approach. Usually he ls
called the familiar name of "Johnnie" or
"Jack." IIN friends have the greatest
faith in his judgment. Thc-y say his heart
Is in the causo he ls leadinsr and that be
irae fall on my a
e undertaking H T 'J Tv.
man, and 1 Jo a S -,
nmor.g tho great bituminous operators Is
that of an absolutely fair man In all his
dealings. As he Is on the spot, lu personal
charge of the present strike, the com- T
mandlng general of the organization, he
has become the leading personality In the
greet anthracite war. with Its vast wealth J
upon one side and its vast army of miners
on the other.
When he decided to order the strike and
fake oersocal charge, he said: "Whatever
r.-..,..'ntiOallti mnv be rlf-ncherl tn this
strike I assume: let the bl;
shoulders. I fully realize
scope of the task, for th
a most serious one to any
not expect to escape criticism or censure
from those who are opposed to the causs J
of the Union Aline Workers."
Alltchell Is an authority on the labor
question. His dally mall Is as large as
that of the president of a great corpora-
tion, and ronny distinguished men call to -
see him. A few minutes before he issues!
the anthracite strike order. Seth Low and J
Henry George, Jr.. called and talked to -
hint on the Impending strike. Not more
than half h!.s time ls spent at his head- i
eiuarterr. In Ind'anapolis. for hl3 work re-
quires him to travel many thousands of
miles a year. J
Much of his success ls due to his firm
belief that labor leaders should keep out J
of politics. He believes that he has been
able to accomplish the results credited to
his administration ot the United Aline
Workers only through properly organized
Of Till. He Coolldenl.
lie eorfM-nt. J. drcame--3 for t-ie ncht
The rlnlit tliall tritnor.li ere ih strife is done
1'nr I ro human e-onnlct fettled nuite '
Till In it bolv name -lie .lay is won.
In all man's stir;, rt-ie.l this Itst.m plain.
Its teaching fer jour sunh upholding nfint
Kvll shall not ire i.nal mastery gain
Of this be confident:
lie coiili.lent. tho weak ami eorrlv tried.
There is no power that shall -.our .-aue defeat
You an-1 the right against the world allied "
stand In the ietL.rs panoply complete.
It i Co.rs will. Throiish yon it iinds It way.
That may not from It- certain jval I.e hem.
Headline, through baffled nights, triumphant
Of this Le confident
HlrLET D. SAL'NDERJJ.
but the mining impulse was In him. and l;nIU,i Aline Workers of America, and hi never has been tempted Into political by- wvrk. "Political pull." he sajs. "has been
it 1.1 he began his career as a coal miner.
Hy IS be was a Knight of Iabor, Joining
Hie order at Hracevllle. 111. He already
had a scute of the power that was to be
gained by organization and systematized
agitation. Shortly after Joining he con
cluded to st' something of the Far West,
and traveled to Colorado, New Alexlco
and other points lu the West and South
wet.t. earning his way I- digging coal.
He returned to Illinois in the spring ot
1S31. and made bis home at Spring Val
ley, where-, at the ace of ", he marrlcel
Albs Catherine O'I'ourke. Airs. Alftchell
and their children, three boys and a girl,
now reside In Siring .il!c) Mr. Milch-
reached the top of that organization, the
presidency, when, In the following Sep
tember. 51. V. Itatchford resigned to be
come a rreniber of the National Industrial
Commission. The proud position to which
Alitchcil had succeeded became bis by elec
tion at Pittsburg In January. ls" and at
the Indianapolis convention. In January,
13"', be was re-elected without a vote be
ing cast against him, so great was h'.s
When he Iterame president the organiza
tion numbered 43.0j. It now has Ia'.'A'
While a clever story teller and what tho
world calls a "good fellow." he is mexlest
In his demeanor, and stories that are told
ot his arrogance and assumption ot power,
his method of extravagant living and de
meanor toward the public are absolutely
without foundation. His life in Indl.map
ohs is plain and without pretention to
stjlc. He Is what is called a "mixer."
Jleeiijo-.s the confidence of the newspaper
men. who meet him dally In his olllee.
members. 51itchell Is a man of so much -m1"" "r-d blni ready and willing to give
foresight anil such keen penetration that news Items, hut rather slow about giving
since his presidency the organization has out signed statements. His reputation
of no avail In obtaining Increased wages J
lor the worklngman." -P
Since January, 1S33. ho has been largely
Instrumental In having miners" wag-3
advanced 10 per cent. This is the great
est advance ever obtained by a labor or
ganization In America. What he has ac
complished In Ohio, Indiana. Illinois, Ken
tucky and elsewhere In the Interstate or
competitive Held of the soft coal regions,
v-aose operators recognize the United
51ine Workers, meet with them in annual
Joint conference an.l sign a wage agree
ment. enVctlve for twelve months, life
hopes to ac-.-omrh-li -In the anthracite
?-;z jSsr.fc.T-.. - -i-ae: .;- 'jax .jaa:a"ssc3re)Bs