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THE REPUBLIC: SUNDAY. DECEMBER 23. 1900.
ley J. I
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YWMt oexk;rSS jr
MUCH MERIT IN
itv v. m. citr.'Di:s.
Librarian of t!u St l.oul- 1'iiblU- ljlimri
In HtetatUK the doi-ln;; f.ir f the Xir -teenth
Centura li.i" Ixn-n mit.ibli rluWlv lr
the produetljn jnd wide tlnul.itlon of hN
torical .oiri .ind the dramatization uf
works of that cl.i- St. Irnil- lu.s il.i 1
an important part in nil three brunche- of
this eolution f Utt-rar. t.ite. lit-r writ'rs
iaiiiK cniitributed ! ral meritorlif
works her bookm.iki h.iinfc piinteil :md
distributed hundreds of thousand-! of oI
time. and hir j-tds' ImiIiik I-ii etiiplo
d in more than one lnitiil pioductlon of
1 am dally Inline ed with the fact 'li.it
there are mnrfc good wiiur towl ly fhan
eer before, and that the standard of pub
lic taMe Is hishir While it Is true that wo
have not hjd .i Sh ikesp-ire Miict- KIiz.
beth'h lime nor a Milton il'et tho d.ifc of
the Commonwealth. tht not Id w:i" neier
t-a well supplied with t.ood books as it is to
day, and the s-tanduid of reiiulrenu-nls na
l.eer to high
brratlou on Old nml fi Wrllers.
lien who aehieed fume a writers In the
arly days of the lentury. men who wero
considered !tllts of the purest tjie Hftj
years ai;o. would never be able to leach the
)ublic eje if tliev were startiiiR out now.
They would rind themselves .-cllpsed In
eer- wa by hundreds of men and women
who'nre not in the front rank, anj utterly
oxershadov.id b; the compaiatively few
who haf achieved u.ss in the reient
pat. Where there w.i- one reallv pood
Btoiy-teller Mftv tars aso. there are ev
eral better cues now. 3ooil i;nslib. in
Ktead of being the exception, has become
the rule. The average of merit. Iioth in
point of narrative and t-tle, has been
I do not think this stale of nffa.!r Is to
be marveled at. It was to be epeetd It
ly the natural outcome of -.irs of pains
taking endeavor in it field that has l.-ii
broadened and made bnshter bv all 'hat
has gone before. It jt-ilects the critical
ttudv and t-tutained elfort tl.at at neces
sary Jn the production of the successful
books of the day
Deruauil for IIIkIi-I Ihnm l.lter-iturr.
HeferetK e to tin records of tho I.Inr.iry
chows me that St. l.ouisins are readln-r
works of a hlsher clast. than thej ilenumdtal
In fonner timet IVw ot the old w rite's
have retained their iopiilaiitv. while thf
new books that have meiit cannot be Mip
jilied fast enoufih. with our limited me.i.is.
to keep pate with the demand A sirikms
example of thN is fou-id hi Southwortli's
works. Two or three ears aKo It v. .is im
possible for us to pel enough of them to
supply the demand. The iditlves ,eie
empty, and weie kept mi To-da", the
Soathworth 'helves uti illled. iind the i ry
lr for liction of a higher grade.
In the - hlldrenV lihrao we have thri.vn
ciut book alter book ol tiie kind that I read
when a bov. and replaced them with r.wer
and better ones This ihaiiKe has taken
lIace almost entirclv within the past ve.ir
A Ions li-t of old books were dropped for
the simple reason that thy i:iculc.itsl f.i !.-
Ideas of lif" othtrs lieoiu-e thev were
written in poor KiiKlish In ri.nie was tl u
question of n orals toiii-ld-red. because nore
of doubtful morals was ever almitud Into
the library. We find that tho children ap
preciate the care that hat. been shown In
the selection of their nailhiK matter, rnd
that the new books ;ire 'tiore in tfem nd
than the old ones were. The change means
a great deal, lvecause if the boy and p'rl
are started in the right direction the man
and woman will not need looking after.
Scientific Works Widcl; Head.
Within the ear there has been a marked
Increase in the demand for books that ap
peal to the thoughtful reader works of a
-scientific character, particularly those treating-
of the applied sciences. Uv-er thing wo
can get on electricitv Is In instant and in
cessant demand The re has also been a de
cided Increase In requests for psvchologieal
hovels books that deal with the border
land of thought that lies between science
and speculation. In this class I might men
tion "Hudson's P.sjcblc Phenomena," which
has been on the wailing list almost on
tinuouslv. and the Heverend Minor J. Sav
iige'fi "Life Beyond Death," which has been
Of the new books those most In demmd
are "In the Palace of the King." "Janlea
Meredith." "Kleanor." "The Iteign of I-aw."
Of the standard works, "I,es Aliserables"
continues 111 the lead, as. It has the.-e many
St. I.otils Authors fit Iividenee.
Of the books by St. Iouis authors which
have been published tlnce the legiiini:iz
of the ear we have in circulation "Hod,
the King. il Brother." by Miss Mary T.
Nixon: "Penltentes." bv Louis How. and
"Beverly O-good." by Mrs. J. It. Meeker.
Winston Churchill's latest work. The
Crisis." Is just off the press. I understand,
and we will havo that before tile jear
closes, I hope.
Within the jiar St. Louts publishers havo
turned out n number of decidedly crcdlfablo
books, of these the most notable Is "Best
Orations." a compilation. In ten volumes,
from the preis of r '!. Kejser. Not Ics-i
" Important Is "Best B-siyH." also In ten
volumes, now In progress by the same pub
lisher. As a whole the work of the ear alone
literary lines lies been satisfactory and. as
I said in the beginning. Su I.011K has plaed
an Important part In It.
BV HAI.SKY C. IVKS.
Director St. Ixiuls School and Museum of
The most apparent evidence of the great
progress we have made In art In America
during the past ear Is to be found In the
number and character of the gifts made by
public-spirited citizens In every great city
In our land. In Indianapolis a fund of JIJO.
COO has become available within this period
for the promotion of the art interests of
the city. The provisions of the gift show
that this practical man of affairs, although
his life had been devoted to the exacting
details of a business career, recognized the
value of art as a factor in the civilizing in
fluences at work In city life In Cleveland
a much larger sum will soon bo available
for like purposes.
At an early day Buffalo will have in her
park a palatial structure, costing nearlv
half a million dollars, the girt of one of her
public-spirited citizens. When completed it
will provide a home for the Academy and
Museum of Fine Arts. Chicago has made
gigantic strides in developing the Field Co
lumbian Museum and her Art institute in
both departments the school and museum.
One collection alone, the gift of Mr. and
Mrs. Nickcrson. represents a princely for
une. The Layton Art Gallery of Milwau
kee. through the generosity of Its founder,
v, receiving frc-quent additions.
1'eopler In teres ted In Art Museums.
The Cincinnati Museum and Academy,
both already liberally erdowed, have re?-
i ceiveo wiimn me pasi jcar il gin ui .iw.ajw i
fj'mni a publlc-spirlte?d manufacturer, in ap- i
. e t.... .. ., n ...l, .l.ln l.ll.titlnn la .
JUI, Clel,lieJll UL eilC Mejiiv. llil-. ... Ji.,u.. -.
mj.' s for his city. The history of the Iar-
jt nstitutlons of the East the Metropoll-
t luseum of New York, tho Boston Mu-
j-al and Pennslvania Academy of Fine
t Philadelphia naa neen me same
the year Just past as In previous
Important collections of rare exam-
rt, as wen as large sums or monc.
well-established art Institution
ntrv the hlstorv- will lie fiiiiml to
ao, And Uw lajjUiit with vlUcu
sAf'( V .' F. L0LM2 -fir FQK rili, IV
' XT' v'y W. " A Jt JB. eJ-"---r
7 V$ Mw.3.chap.lin;l.lp. illSS)
;7m i ---
S ,W V Vv.
olle. lions are tu idr. thioimh the etieiillv
if citizens, has far outstripisd Hi- oiiglnal
plan.s .is lorniul.ued bv the lnnnd-r--. In
ne.irlv all of tin e mstitiitiot.s the old iniar-Itr-
are fither being abindoiic-d lor new
and 1 irger building-- or lmpoiiant r.iidi-lion-
and improve Hunts aie being i.-..ule to
the oiiginil structures The visitors who
tinh-d H'C vaiious dip.utmeiits of the "Vbi
lopclit.in Vu-euni la.si vi.ir. vi-iiln:; them
to-div. would till In moc.nizi Mi- londi
tiuns with wbn h thev Ixvanie famili ir .1
Vlasterjiicees ill i.oenl '.Hllcrte-s.
Tin Sleivvth oi pllV..I e olle tlnns has kept
p.lie Willi I hi plllllii vc-irk I'evv Ie.lll7P the
gnat number ol rii.r-ie ridens-. not e nlv the
piodui-ilotis of mode rn ailists. bin 1 .ain
pli of world-wide lepul.tiinii l lii,i;iii', to
meili.i-val and aiic it-i 1 irt. vvhldi an 1 iti
biouhi to tills eomifv. l'ormi rl) it vas
iit-s.i to vl-!t Kuiopean nusemns to
gain a knowledge from einpli. 'I work
bv the o'd masters, now the stud, nl m.iv
a.-eiuaint himself with til-- ili-tliiguish.iig
char.ii tenstics of the vauoiis shinK trom
e-ampl.s to br- found In coll. ctijn- Hi
In St Ivitils several Impoitaiit additions'
have lH-n made lo iriv He ollecli jus dur
ing the last ve ir, in one ea-e -ne 1H1110
being of vvoild-wlu- reput.il Ion. Tei the
permanent t-nlleetlon of our own museum
raie examples have been added. ene .1
ruasterlv example of the l'r rn li aulm.il
painter ltosa liouhei.r. .motl.i r .1 tIollK
maiinci bv the late Helgiin pam'i r "as.
evciuislte In lone and composition
A db-tliicl gain locally has been made In
the important nlteraiions and improve
ments recently eompleUd in th1 itiierior of
the muss inn. -i-i,,. redecorating and relight
ing with electiitilv ,-ive the visum added
oiportunit to enjov lie c'cllec-iion of
paintings, while the new library I'liel reading-room
offer fa 1 Hides for the siudj of
art history and allied subjects The ad
vantages to be derived freiiu the museum,
moreover, ale now the privilege of the cltl
7en of St. l.ouii .is never lefore. fieun the
nctiou of the Board of Control, 111 opening
the museum fies to the public on j'rllaj
and taiardav and Sunil..y arti ruoou
llcnutlful I2nv iruiiint-nt lleslred.
1'eihaps the stiongest evidence of prog
ress in art is found in humbler walks ihan
those outlined, in the gi-owlng demiiid on
the part ot on. people ih a the materiil
yurrouniiings 0f life .shall be- more heautifiu
To ihe thiukee. 01 10 'In man of leisiiio
who .s espeiiallv Inttrt steal, our rafiid de
velopment, this grow in.: love for the be-au-tlful.
Is e-.U. -i.el in na-i vvajs. 'ft-.e
healthl"st e piess"oii of It is found 111 tin
(.rowing dsii. si-ewn In cities ill aiver aitir
counlrv 01 hetli kept ami e l-aner s-1 reels
and public pla-.es Thi- desiie in ne.irlv
all ol our leading e In s has ( rvstalllztsl imo
municipal nil s((i,tH where nctive will
diie-ctcsj cflo-t is used in anv vva.v which
las for it a-bject the beautifving of public
ttreeis, pai ks and place-- There are cities
111 the Middle West where1 the good Influ
ence of sui h s..f,tles ins taken piactlcal
form, for instance, ihe. removal of
1'UiH- bulletin biurd-. which -o fruiuently
ell-tigine our sn-jt and istrk views-n jj.
unit uin In that which contributes to Hie
ctvelopnient of nitl.-tic pt,rceptlui. The
wisde,m of stub eRorls is best shown by
the re-suits obtained, for whenever continu
ous e ffcirt has lean made it will le found
thai it lestilts In (he mosi genereius pro-i-1011
forartwoik. I'ndei sueli conditions
the business nun of wealth has Ih-Ioio him
a constant Illustration of the c-ccuonnc
value cif beaut) . I e.. of the right applica
tion of art to the needs of e It v lile The
healthiest expreslein of this ge-owlng ap
preciation of be j.nt lies n the fact that
urt ! Wginning to be recognized as one
of the nioit da icoeiallc things in the votld
Beauty lslrnc-i to evirv nan. woman an I
1 hild. aid this love for and appreclatic 11 of
leauiv on the pari of a people in the everv
dav affniis and surroundings of life are the
"erv fouiidution upon which all arl pins-res
The True Mgiiilleiiiii-e f Arl.
To-day more than ever before the true
signltiiaiire of art is being recognized, und
Its misleading eHvl'loii Into tine arl and
Industrial art is being done away with. The
li-eeful arts area commanding more and moie
attention and are cnllstinir tho Interest of
an ever-growing ntnnlier of ettlclent work
ers It would hca'in, indee-d. that the time
is rapidly aporoathing when art will offer
gre-ater opiiortiinlties to earnest workers
than ever before.
"The law of supply and demand." said a
e-areful thinker reee-nlv. "will sooner or
later regulate Inexorable- the actual num
ber of professional painters In the country
the use tul art1. i signing In Its many
branches. Illustrating, decorating, the cer
amic arts, etc.. will In future nbsorb tho
attention und reward the well-ellrected ef
forts of an army of artlsl.s whose mission
will be of morn Immediate anil reil t.!g
nincancp in the history of American art
ele-ve lopnient than the emtput of painters"
Tile beneficial effeelH derived from grati
fying this ilcm-mil for beaut v ami Varietv
In the ever.vday oblects of life cannot be
ovei estimated. With the instruction of the
young mechanic and artisan In tbe right di
rection one readily can see that it will '10
merely a question of a few jears wlie-n the
product of a 1-irge class of Intelligent work
ers will he not alone useful, but beautiful,
und our people will demand that their sur
roundings shall possess as strong an ele
ment of beauty as of usefulness.
BY AV R. CIIAPI.IK.
Chancellor of Washington University.
The advancement In education In tho last
hundred cars has lieen as great as In any
uther eleiiartment, and this advancement
has not been conhned to an one branch of
education. There has been a steady j.nd
ranid progress In piimarv. lntermealiate and
higher education. I urn to sapeak here only
of higher ealucat ion. In this branch the ad
ance ill teachers mid teaching has been
very remarkable. Our instructors and pro-'
feasors now are, on the whole, much better
teachers than were those of one hundred
Xowau.cvs In order to be able to instruct
in the bet manner in a college, a man
must prepare himself bv passing through
the preparatory school and college and alt
rvv arils by apple, inn himself for several
jears to work in the particular elepartment
to which he intends to devote himself. Ho
must be a siioclaiist before he is likely 10
obtain recognition as a teacher in any sub
ject. So great has been tho lncreasie in tho
number of colleges and in the facilities of
fered that there Is no ditficultj- at the pres
ent time in finding men for all college posi
tions who have had at least three jear? of
special tralnlns in their subjects after grad
uating from college.
A hundred jears ago the Idea seems to
have prevailed that anv well educated man
could teach any subject, and. hence, when
a minister, lawver or doctor had failed in
his own profession he naturally devoted
himself to teaching. The time has passed
when wo consider graduation from college
a certificate of ability- to teach.
Admission to college has steadily grown
more difficult: thai w. tne preparatory
schools have been obliges! to advance their
work: and the age of admission to college
has steadily Increased. It Is. 1 believe, a
fact that the joung man who enters col
lege to-.lav without conditions knows more
subjects, knows them more thoroughlj-, and
generally has more training than the man
who graduates! from college even fifty j-cars
ago. The methods of instruction have been
greatly Improved, and we have added
greatly te the apparatus of Instruction.
The Aim of Modern Teach lliii.
The laboratorj- method of teaching has ro
far as possible been applied to all subjects.
In this method the student learns not only
what the main facts of a science are.but also
lwj tlna. laLts were discovered; and he lg
himself. Tlie moduli .11111 Is rail ei
tho stud, nt ill thinking than in s 01111-. in
mind with futs l'lu- vvt-11-c.inupivci l'""
lore is an ess, ntlal to lii.nl' n
in irrj m.in subjee ts.
A v.rv nm.uk ible change, and one vvln
has been of Immense benefit to our 1 '
pic-, has taken plana m u. ;ilt Hilda ef li. I
g.-naial public toward uluiation At i'i" I
l.eKlnulll,,- ol Ihe ee lltlliy -olllv lllllust. ts.
lavvvels and eloctois Were- eH-cles lei b.lV j
a e olle c celuc.ition. and maiij 01 uie-se pi..
le.ssional gentle men got along without sii'-n
nlue.ition Some of 0111 j,ieit imtveisttl
now reeiuire ( .ippllcmts lor a.lmisleiii '
their plula-sslolial sa llaiols a eolle'ge- elU. I-
tlun or Its equivalent, anal doubile ss the
le iidencv 1 vciv vvba-ie Is to base tin plofes
sional education on the-college education
All the piofissloiis aie living to raise
. ,. 1- . .... .I.-.I. 0. elil.. n .iui 1 .mil Hie
liiimbeV of pracliliom is '11 .111 prole-.sle.-i
.. 1... 1..... 1,1,1 He ,.K.nil:iv.- of .1 college
i . i..,ii 1 t. .iiiilv iin leasing, liul ii'iw-
our colleges are lien ellllie. ..1.-1. ......
candidates for ihese three- le-aiied picf.-s-sloiia.
those win. ai.-goi'ig into ulh.-i vo.-.i-li.u.o
outnumber them. The v.ilue of educa
tion lor Ihe business man his been, and I
still is, s-'l"lng M-coeiiltion.
lb.- last huuiliicl veais. lias mi n the de- I
veloimeiit of ail eiur scientltle, enul-iieiiui,
.0.1 ie.bm.al schools. While the require
ment for admission to tha-se- t-e lioo N is
emerallv as high as it Is for
-..11........ 1. .a llie f.ae.iiei
amount of wolk
i.. 11, L.-lin.,K tiViibablv makes theil eli
i.inoois niir.-sent as much woik as docs
I 1I10 diploma of a callege.
Ilifliieliee l ime t i. --... .
Ill our eeiuntrj higher education has been
stimulat.-el espediliy bv the .staUlshm. nt
of iho State uiilvirslti.-s. I P to the tlm
wh.n thev were c.irri.el Into lielng our hie-h-,
r ."lucailonal institutions were-, with wry
rare exte ptbuis. 111 the hands of one or an
olhcr of the re-llgious denomiualions. and
their primarj purjK.se was to train vouug
meii foi the niliilslij , . 1
n . ..si.iblisbme-tit .if the State urlv el sl-
ti.s brought Into tin. held rivals lo tho .
eldeT Ullivelslllcs. Willi .": "" J'-,,,.
.s-tate behlni! eaeh ot the m. Manv of lb-
Stal-S SUPl-Jlled llleir UlliVc-rsltle-s most
gencrouslv. and at this ela no one ile.ubl.-t-Ihat
these Stele universities have bL.-n a
profitable Investment for the publ 1 1. A -iieulatiiig
.se.inewhat nu-ie closely with the
1 igli schools than the olele r univi rsuie
.1.... 1.,,.. V. i.l i-ra.lt Inlltlem-e in the e-sla
al. a. ... .,aa.l . leC elolllllell t llf llllbll'
.schools, ami csuisullliig the .1. man.ls of the
public souiiwlut mole fieeK than the oil
er iiulveisliit-s, ih.v hiv ln-vided Instruc
tion in ajriat numbers of subject- wi.teli
these o!d--r Institutions .11 1 not teach rhev
have thus opened 111 mj w:is of grow Hi
anal development to the vouih ad the ceiun
trv which were Weuo closed to tin in
Possibly the development of the State
universities has brought aleoiit a cone
siondi'.ig elevclopme'iit la llie j'loat univer
sities, which have lietii est iblislnsl by pri
vate benefactions. No other land can
si'.ivv as great gifts from Individuals fair
, -,t .. ... . ... ...ih m,.., 1,. elalk e-nrao. t
eilUCullOll ;is a ail ami u.-.i. a a...- .- --.-..
we have leen nre-tmlncnt. Probablj this I
is due m the vei.v Lipid aril great growth
of irivale fortunes and aloiil.tless to a da
elopment of a sense of elutj-. Our rl h
J.ien ire re-alizlng more and mine th.-t
veallh brings responsibility, and the fait
111 it thev have given so genemusl) to e-dii-e
lllon is a strcug e-vieleiiie- that In their
upiplon no charitable foundation 1 more
eluiable thin an educational Institution
and that no li-rltx Is In th" long run mole
ui t:iili to do good Then again this ihat
Itv appeals to them, because it aids tlmse
who ire helping themselves at the time
of life when sUi Ii .-lid will e-lve a return
for the greater r.nml-cr of ioar.
l:illlanineuls fur I lllve-rsllles.
Kxperiento has-shown that no e ducalional
Institution call b.-come glint unless It Is
iiipiMirlcsl b a htale, .c gie-.ci religious de
iiomiri itlon or a great e-it. This, of course,
does not apply lo the Institutions which
have been praclbtillj the gift of a single
li dividual The vast majority t institutions
for higher education bave to ebiiend on
sieaely an. I gieat contributions from somo
source, lligliei education Is not self-sustaining
The experience in the lt und
strongest institutions "hows that the tui
tion which a Miidint pas- eioes not cover
half his real cxpe nsi s. I'mloubtedlv. higher
education costs a gteat deal 111 the opin
ie.ii of those best capablo of Judging, it Is
worth all it touts
Washington t'niversltv m iv be taken an
an example. Incorporated in 1J..3 bj- a snnll
lumber of men. who saw the necesst lor
: i.ch an institution, and who gave- liberally
from their means to establi-h it and broad
errd In 1ST.T by :mi act of the I.egU! iture.
vvhlch forever forbade anv Instruction or
test, either sectarian or political, the Insti
tution grew from an academy for boys, now
called Smith Academy, into a college for
1-oth sexes, from which the first class grad
tuteil In ivi Mar- Institute was rpencd In
1S-V The- law sti10,,i a,a,,is organlzisj in 17.
and the School of lhigiius ling In 1ST", the
School of Flue Alts and the Manual Train
ing School In 1ST', the School of Bolauv in
lssi, the medical dep-irtmeiit tras added to
the university in 1W1. and the .lental ele
partment in lS.i In KO the mc.ll-.al ele
jiartment was strengthened by union with
tlm Missouri Medical College; thu the St.
laouis Medie-nl College, founded In I'll ami
the Missouri Medical CedJege. foTindavl in
St'. the oldest two medical colleges of the
citv. have- become part of the univer'itv
Together, with the growth In the .Timber
of departments of the tmiver-'llv. "here Ins
been a pirallel growth In Its propertj The
first building of tl e institution, at the -or-
ncr of Sevente-enth stres-t and aVashlngton
avenue, was considered bv many when if
wxis erected too far freim the resl'lice por
tion of the Itv-. nnd many protested against
piaclrg It mi far lo the nost But the
growth of the clt has iiutao'ihtedlv sur
piisved the most sr-nguine expectations cf
the citizens of St. Louis (,r that ela-, and
this growth has rendered It essentiil tint
the university should be moved further
The "Neir nlillig:(nii I'ulv ernlty.
Eail.v In 1S'1 the Board of Directors had
decided that the Institution should bo moved
lo a new site, and after a careful examina
tion or all the files available, tbev pur
e Inseel the propertj- just west of bkinker
load and Forest I'ark. Since the unlversitj
had not the funds, and the times were un
propitious for raising money bj- iibcr!p
tion. eight members cf the Board of Direc
tors carried this property until 1W. when
the amount necessarj- to pay for It was
raised bv popular subscription.
In February, 1S. the gift or five build
ings, to be erected on the new site, was .an
nounced. Mr. Brookings gave FniveisJu
Hall. which was to cost about J-'IO.frO: Mr
Buscli, a building for chimlstrj-. to cost
about Jlort.ton: Mr Cupples.. a building for
civil englnee ring, and architecture, a btii'd
ing fair mechanical and electrical engineer
ing, with another 'building for engineering
laboratories, to cost, with their equipment,
about S2Trt.ej.lO. Mrs. John K. Liggett gave
the unlversitj a dormitory to cost about
tlOu.tjot). When these gifts were announces!
Mr. Brookings, rwognlzlng that the Institu
tion would need more funds for Its support
In the new location, offered 5100,00) for this
purpo.se If J400.0.0 more were raised within
The call for this monej- was most gen
erously responded to; and the difficulties in
the waj- of completing the new home for
the institution were largely reduced. Im-
Inlalaila ..Craa .-. 4 .Irmi In ..nl , . .. .....
site by the purchase of a strip of land fo J
ine souin or tr.e site already secured; and
landscape architects were asked to stu.lv
the new site and suggest an arrangement
of the buildings on it. Further. .-. compe
tition of architects was arranged bj- which
sit prominent architectural firms were In
vited to compete, and the competition was
thrown open to all other architects of St.
Tlie Board of Directors appointee) a com
mittee of live from its own members ami
sinned the assistance of three architectural
experts, who did not take part in the c.ini
petltion, who. together with the c huucellor
of the university, constituted si i-immitlee
which was lo make choice cf an architect
for the new buildings. The comiietiltoii n--JevUUci
la the choice of iloi, Cuuo &
nut 111 Ihe wav of e-s ,'.er-i. lie w f
fc jAf ' It- t
lal ' ait al
.Ilia' all 11 ' !
baglill ell! tt'e llV
I'lul iililpl M. who Immedl
10 make p'.uei lor the nr-e-
buildings .111 the- grounds
' and s, we itli Itioll" c.f tie
,s In .It l lli.i work was
! Illll'l lis' IV aloll Ileal
.Hid s, a- tli.U lull- 1 1,1 -II -s II l IM-eu
m oh- : . their ion t- 1 ti 11
1 vi 11 o 1 r. 'ft.
Ill M .a l'e. Messrs. Samoa .
Boiiari S It. -k l.gs "ii,. to il
I tllVe is'tv
I.1S .ill a -1 la .villi 111 lie' plalpenv
t sum d 111 ill T .1. I of 111. ht I
j t'lipplis St.'i.a . ! I'r..-i-i
! Tlnis. Iba- illsll ilt.ee I billll
. 11. a- liev, e lurv V. it 11 .III a
mis Ye 11ei11.1l
le e'onu 1
in tl -1
).- -iiltfnl le. -villi sniln 1 -it In. Ill - f'.r
its iauiii.sli le v..m,'. all ...' all. h biilluim
will be mod. n ie null- plan ali.loilt.it i-d
I... ...Tttiil t. ili.l. . r. lie, .till, .111.1 '
rollllillligs .ltd Willi sutp, . nt IllaloWlllei-t
lo e-.urv on 11s
! V'lsltV Is lilPv
Millie Wa.-l.. all'l HI.- IIII
a e.l.imltteel to the nn eb-l
ll life v.ltll -II tl .-!
,ld.a aif a nun
lilies -all. i as b, Ii
HaHi lleiessalV I
-llllll I le Will, il .lie- eiee
make- this uuiversiiv Ufa
Il lla.ds no gift of .re. in i'v to foreiell
that tin Institution will grow in niinibeis
in stre-itgtb and li.iHirtanee, 111" same pub
lic spirit which his sitpiM.rtesd it up to this
point will a-ontnuie to enable It to llle-e t the
dem in. Is of the new entui. that it will
1-ava' minv anal great needs In the fiiltue
goes without -saving and tint the ureal
City eif St Ulllis will gellerolisl. lir.iVI-.e
for the e lie i els. Is, I believe, eqillllv sure
BY T I-OriS SOI.DAX.
Superintendent of Instruction. St. Loul"
One w-vv in wh'ch the rapid growth of the
cllv of SI. la.ui-" tiriv be measured Is the
Increase In eim llment In the citv schonis.
The steadv Irerease 111 the nunile-r of pu
pils who at e-iiii the piihlie s,.hools vvas first
riotle cable In the earlv seventies. It is
wortlij of note Hat during the- past two
decaeles lapl.l stride" have le-ell irivlf. not
only In the laige em. lluieiit. but in the
methods of Instruction, e spee-iallj in kln
As a city which has encourage! kinder
gartens In llie public s, hnol. and has
prove 1 their pr.icti.-abllll, St. l.uN .stands
among the tit in the land. Our j-stem of
Kindergaiten Inst tuition Is copied by 'he
public se-hoolf or other e-illcs-. and among
the eminently succe-ssful klinlergarten
tiaehers throujhoul the countrj-. many
have res-eivesl their Inlllil training In this
branch of Su.tru Hon in St Louis
To the volunt irv effe-its v I.'., li the greater
part of the teachers In our public schools
have mad" f"r self-improvement may
rscrlbed the suci i ss of the many Improved
methods of instruction now in vogue In
the St Louis, schools.
Our libraries furnish suppleinentarj read
ii g; the reei-iilly Introduced courses m
manual traPiin-; for the" bovs and domestic
t-clenee for the girls haves prove-d te be the
right tiling lu the rlith plai e; our courses
of study are arranged to the best possible
advantage; promotions tire made" quarterl-,
up that a i. l.nljr who for anj- good reason
Is loriiTllcl to absent himself from school
for a period of two months or more, may
tak. up his work al the place where it was
ilrjpied without being imnpelled to wait
a. p.tit of tho jcar. or to tall back to a
Some o! the results achieved In the past
twent.v-Hve- vears through Ihe efforts ot the
e'luii.s ami llie retiool authorities are .is
Increafjccl Hnrollnicut In .Sellouts,
lu 1ST', the total number of pupils actuallv
In the St. Louis ssbi)(,is was i"i,uei). To-day
il is over 110.U10. lu the sheirt space of
ihiitj- jears. the number has risen to thrto
times the original figure. The list or names
or e hildrcn on the uniiuil legist, r readies
u figure of over Nl.ejoo This means a e-or-respaeinliiig
Increase in the number or teacn
ers. namely, freim 4X to l.is.7, and in the
r umber or buildings and rooms. Oreat as
this growth lu number has been, the
irogress In the educational work Ii still
Klnelergarteiis St Iiuls Is the pioneer
(it) in tlie institution and spread or tlie
Kinilers;arti n lu 1ST:: Miss Susan li Blow,
l.v offering In r services as a volunteer,
opened the first public kindergarten In the
De-s. Peres School, and from that e-xpeii-mnit
the Kindergarten cause In St. Ixmis
has gnwn until at present no larger school,
nnd ve-rv few of the smaller ones, are with
out kindergartens. There are now 115 kin
dergartens In connection with Ihe public
schools of St. Ixmis. nnd there are 301 kln
Si. l-ouls not onlj' established kinder
gartens in lie r own midst, but. through her
influence, has be-en helpful in establishing
kindergartens In other cities. In fact, many
of the lending cities In which kindergartens
are maintained began this work by engag
ing some St. Louis kindergarten teacher.
The follow Inx nams are those of St. Ijnls
kindergarten teachers who carried the
spirit and essential feitures of the work or
St. ..Jills to other cities.
Mrs Clara Beeson llubband, Toronto;
Mis., Liui. i Fisher, supervisor of kinder
gartens. Ilohton; Miss Mary Kun.van. Teach
ers" College, New- York; Miss Caroline Hart.
Baltimore; Mr. K.-i'e Seaman. New Or
leans; Miss Mnrv- Wnttcrman, supervisor
of rrce kindergartens, Itrooklvn; .Miss C)n
llua P. Dozier. siiervlsor or free klnici
gnrteiis. New- York City; Miss Marie Hough,
Cootl Inflncncc if KlmlrrKiirtrii.
The Influence or kindergarten training,
which has now been continued for over
twe ntj--tlve j'car.?, tends in the direction of
refinement, general culture ami a lovo e.f
work. The children enter the public schools
after a j ear's Kindergarten training much
better prepare-! for the best kind of school
work than would be the case ir there were
no such preparatorj- step. Kindergarten
methods that is to sa-, n sjstem of edu
cation which trains by making children ac
tive, or. as the sajlng is, that makes tiie
children learn bj- doing things ls-contin-ued
In the primarj grades or the public
schools where tho transition Is mmle lo the
more rormal methods of Instruction In the
higher grades. The Influence or kindergar
ten methods Is perceptible in everj- grade
of tho public schools. The teachers relj"
more on the child's interest In the work
ami on self-actlvltj- than on mere external
efforts. There is less of the o'd-fasldoneel
routine and more of freedom and individ
uality about the work of instruction.
Libraries In everj- school there is a
school libra rj-. comiiosid of sets of good
books, containing thlrtj copies of each ti
tle, which are put into the hands of the
classes to supplement their regular lessons
In the readers. They become acquainted
with the living influence or life nature and
absorb information In a much wider sphere
than where school work is e-onfined to the
customary technical branches.
In the last thre-e jears the Board or Edu
cation has found a means or appropriating
not less than K per jear for this pur
pose, and II e public s-hool libraries loe-atcd
in the various buildings have a value of
Ililncntinn of tlie Tencliers.
The lnipmv.1 .... a in the methods of In
struction is due in ro small dogree to the
ceiustaut efforts eif the teachers of the citv
schools for self-improvement. Tliej- round
ed for this purpose an association called tlm
Pedagogical Sotlctj-. Thej- meet every cc-
end S.iliirdiv dm ing the winter months ami
form lulo classes lor the purpaee- of siuelv
iug lmnroveil methods of In-true tlon. mc
psjchologv of cliiidhood. :irt and other stu
dies conducive lo self-Improvement, l-ist
jear this voliuitarv orgaiuz.itioii was. com
pose ii of ove r 70 llle-lllbe is.
In .idditioii to these inert lngs of the
I'ed lg. glc.il Saicietj. Hie te.nhers of eai II
sraile in all Ihe si lionls meet ami discuss
j the lust methods ef teaching and of ael-mii.isti-riiig
elis-e ipline This e oust. ml
j thoughtful ae'tivitj of Urn corps of teachers
i is improve-l the. piofes-liuial si lrit lo sue il
. ..ii etetu tli.it the wark In all the sa Iiools
I is a a i , .1 oi with an e ntliiislasiu .i.id il
pra.gri.ssui spirit thai make llie people
e'be rish 111. ir pllblu-se hoed svstem.
'lb- gre-atast car- Is usi d in tlie -duration
of tin voiiiig teachers who aie to till the
plaees of those that withdraw from Ihe
tan'.-. Nn title Inr Is admitted who has not
t linishi.l the- lliKli-Sehool e oiirce and ba.I
1 1 nii.il training She- must have studied
J the e h-iiaeiciistia s f Un e-hlld-teaihlng b."
I f. ie sli, 1 nil .w.-al to graduate After grad
! Hainan e-.n Ii joung teaihiT "-1" mis a jear ijf
app.-entl. eship in soine- grammar T prl-
lll.irv '" Imi-I eil llie ellj. IliirillK oar .i.-
l.-.tot.iiv v.ar she te-ae lies under the su
pervi i n e.f t'ie- legular ten her of the
loom and 1 iiiiis. her proressiou tlioiouehlv
aril iraelic:ill On Saturday mornings nil
of these voimg ! iihers nic-e t the Supcrui
tendent to receive instruct Ion In the theory
,-llld pllllosophv of e.luaatlon.
Careful ."".eleetlun of I'urrleulam.
The course or study In the St. Louis public
scl-ools Is kept free from all that Is iin-nicess-arj-.
There Is no s,,-called fad In th"
curriculum; but In the ordinary studies or
the .school Ihe aim is not siinaly to look
for results, so that the child may pass
examinations, but to obtain from thool and
school work the best possible influence "'il
the development uf character and the
i lilld's individuality.
During the last two jeais manual train
ing has bein made a part of the ie-ular
cemmoii-school work. The bovs of the rev
cntli .and eighth grades receive liistrui-lion
III earpentrv. They draw their own "h-Isns
and In a sjste malic way learn llie 11-e ol
the most Important tools In making objects
or vvoeid. aeroriling to a vvell-ilevl"e.l eoure
or study. Tlie girls of the .same grades re
e.ive lessons In ss-wlng and liltlns and In
the second jear lessons In coyktng llie lat
ter Include, not simplj lb- prattieal iiiwra
tl.m of cooking, but an .l.menlary idea of
tlie che-niliMl pioperties and nutiitive value
ol various kinds of food.
I.'? niiiiistlcs a I "en I ii re f the AcirU.
In every school In the elty g.vinitastlcs
form part of the legukir curriculum, l'-xer-eises
are so ele -igi ed as to Slve proper
phvsiologh.il training t the muscles of the
bodv. mid to harmonize their growth and
development. S.-ven supervi-ors or this ele
partment spe-nd every forenoon in vllllnff
the various schoyls, and In inspecting anil
HrPctliiR the work of the teachers. sieclal
attention Ispald to tralrfing In kooJ morals
not onlv bv the geheraPspirlt and work of
' the sflinol which nas a rourai i....j-
I but bv special conversations on ethics, sjs-
r I !:lm:,',,cail arranged, wl.1,1. take Pkace ...
s t.vcrv selniolroom once a week. teachini,
I ihe .hil.li.n to recognle the duties of the
s of the
.l.ii.l -mil adult These lessons are noi ea.ii-.
lb. eel in tho abstract waj-. but by nory
n.l.-onvirsatton. , ,
I'llll eonversaiii. I. .hnn
During the nrsi quanei a. a " , , . :
if. ,v...... . .- ..-", , ....
. .nr for instance tJie little e niiu is ieu ;
jear. lor in "'""'. . ,, .......i,,,,.- inward
realize tlie general
re-i!i7t the general ruie-s co c--....- -j ........
his fellow-stuelents and adults. The school
,.,! soclns regularity In attendance-.
Ll 1 uira a.a a.'... - -j -- -
such as regularity
lea-t. .no ':,:.', ,LM ,,L. what good
prod ico gi.1 conduct, since there is alw.ijs
reiiffereice between ko"ls Jt Hrlgh
and eioins- .as "- -. influence
Il.V.a- . ",--,. ,,
ind wonianiy um"'"
Trnininic fur the llunu ana r.-e-.
Drawing Is taugnt as a isart or the re
lar work, because It is the nicsi , .
. ' 1.1,1, ei... bir.it and eve and
taste for form and eolor can be developed.
The Idea Is not to eslucate artists, but ter
.slucate In each child taste, a sense of
rorm and cleanliness, and to develop ideas
... ...mmairv ii mi liarmonv.
Tlie svstem of c lassliie atlon
." :. ...i,.,ni ,.r ilia, ettv adn
adrnlts of fre-
que I .rornotl..-is. If a pupil should fall I.e
ii'iul his class, .Itlier e-n account e.r Insiir
IUI.nl w. rk c.V sieknes-s. he will not lor
a jears tune, as ne noes m no- s..a.-. . .-..-ione.l
school, where the classes are a jear
.it. irt and promotions take place but once
annua!!-, but he will find a clasr. per!iar.
ten weeks be-low his grade, which he can
."tared for More .School Ilnllillngs.
St l-ouls. like all other cities, reels the
liitllcultles which Lipid growth or popula
tion brings with it. It has been difficult
to provide school accommodation lor all
Ihe children lhat have applied, but four
jears ago the new Board of Education ele
ddeii that everj- child who applied for ad
mission must be received Into the public
schools, and that no principal must turn
awav anv child for want of room. This
seeuis almost a paradox, but It was iar
iled out to the letter. Where tile number
of children In anj- room exceeded the mini
lcr of seats, two resslons per elaj' were ar-
one set of children was taught In the
lrornlng for four hours, und the other set
of children In the arternoon for the same
length of time, the afterr.ooi class liav
Irg a teacher who was not eaiplojed during
the morning, so that her services might be
vigorous and efficient.
There were at that time thlrtv-slx or
tbes"? double-time session-rooms in the citv.
The work or building new Mc-hoolhouses.
lowever. lias been pushed with such spirit
h" the Board or Education and its officers
that at the present time there Is not a
s'.rgle double-time session to be found nny
wlier in the St. Loul schools. In most In
st inccs permanent buildings of the best
kind haw been erected to stipplj the need
In other places, where there was an over
Pow that (otild not be accommodatcil In the
school building recourse has lieeii had to
a novel plan, namelv: that of erecting
temporary bu'ldings of one room each In
This temporary building Is In ever- way a
model schoolroom, save the one point that
it is erected or rr.imework Instead or brick
or stone-. Wherever such portable building,
exist, steps are taken at once to provide a
peimarent building for the relief of the dis
trict. It is called a portable building, be
cause it is constructed in sections and can
be taken apart and transported elsewhere
when It has answered its purpose.
An idea of the economic management of
tlie finances or the Board of Education may
be had Irom the fact that in two vears. out
of an Income of less than C0O0.00O J-Tno.Ofli)
was applied to school buildings. The new
school buildings, of which perhaps eight or
ten have leen erected within the I,(et four
jeirs. cost over IHiHW each, and are ab
solutely fircproor. linen building consists
or eighteen rooms and a special kindergar
ten room or large size. The means or ven
tilating and heating are the most modern
and best known
Illuh ATvnrds for School Wort.
Of the favorable results of the work of
iivtruitloii In the St. Loul public schools
each of the great expositions that have
taken plaee since IsTfi bears testimony. At
the Centennial, held In Philadelphia in 1S76:
the World's Fair at Chicago in ISO. and at
the recent TransniKsislppI Exposition at
Omaha, the St. Ixiuis school exhibits car
ries! off Important prize-. At the Paris Ex
position. Just Uoscd. Um Sfe JsrOkles jlchools
M- .7 r. -v .i u , . jr -j .
f 2$ V v i y sPm &S$ rfi
its Wvf i
ivy A sp
personal neatness and the tare or ""
roiierty are explained to Mm. un.l the
llea'uty'or "IStnl will towai.l .ttJMtohri
or teachers forms ine s.." ",- "","-,
The elllty of sell-presen.ai.u... - ;
rel rd to crossing the street-car tracK s an
uangers of . plajlng in U.e s.re t in a
waJtcmgh AS el&ars of school, at
-.- I-. 1: J rt' w . i
u:' ""v-'-w ..j ,,t-;
t'J . 3,-1-1-1-ri "-irr'
j-rv.. r'-?. - X.
- - t,M ' .mbb
7 . - H
i- X X y ir r t'
received the highest possible award, name-
IV. e.ne (11 me iivi" gl.lIKI Mi.i--: .ivii.,.-,.-,
for excellence of organization and tchool
BY Dl.eTOIt TOl'.NC II. BOND.
Pre-, dent Marlon-Sims College of Medicine
The j.rogres of mcelirine his been s.,
great In re-eeiit jears that new ar.el Im
proved methods or medical instinct!.. n have
been imperative Iv- demamltel. What was
perfectly satisfai tory ten je-ars ago i-
sconie-il bv earnest m. -.Ileal students of lo-
11 ly. who seek institution:) which provide- i
imple faelllties for laboratorj- and e Itnlc.it I
inliuetIou, whereas, ten jears ago, eii-
el ictle lectures were almost the exclusive
means e.r leai hlug medical studi nts. At
the' pre-ent time such lectures have ') n
largely leplai-e.l by instruction In the lab-orutorj-,
uiepeiisarj- and hospital. Now "lie
classe-s lire eiivideel. and students are
brought Into closer contact with the phe--iinim-na
or disease than was formerlj- pos
sible. The- miHilcal student of to-day learns
to Interpret the language of disease as ..
preyed in symptoms bv direct observation
of the patient, whereas, forrrerlj- his ac
eiualntauce with actual disease conditions
was verv- freqin-ntly mtiil" onlv- througn
their i!erlpi ion by an instructor who :oo
often himself had never seen many of the
conditions be ilcsciibcd.
'1'encblnK bj- Ilenioii-lratlonm.
This Is a practlcnl age we require dem
onstration rather than description, proof
rathe r than theory, and experience rather
Th- result of this radical change In
teaching which meaJieal science demands Is
lhat meilical e-ollegc- must give course" or
instruction which embodj- these practical
features if they are to justify their reason
lor existence, and if thej- wish to attract to
their hall- Ihe best clas of students. P.ecog
nltioii or this b some or thu medical esit
Ieges of St. Louis Is shown bv- the Tact that
during the past two jears two instances of
i (.tisollil.ille.il eif independent ine-Hcal col
li gen have taken place. Such consoll ia-lioii-..
with the consequent increase lu the
number of Instructors and the enlirgeal
facllltl-s for laboratorj- and clinical in
struction, make It possible to fulfill the re
qulreme nts of modern mt dlcal education.
Speaking particularly of our own consoli
dation, that of the Marion-Sims College of
.Medicine and the Beaumont Hospital Medi
cal Colle-ge. It may be said that facilities
have thus been created for giving a course
of meilical Instruction fully in accord with
the elemands of science and needs of her
students. With a corps of seventy instruct
ors, w Men makes tlie proportion of instruct
ors to students as one to six or seven, each
student will receive not only enlarged facili
ties in laboratory and cllnlesil work, but he
will al-o have placed at his command a
greater amount of personal attention and
instruction from lus teacner.
Durlng the" last elecaele It has been shown
that it is practicallj- impossible to regulate)
, i,.,ii,..i, colleires bv legislation: for no law
tll:lt nas mils iar wn cuaeiea. ucicui-i
evasion of its provi'ions by those inclined to
ellr. gat. 1 its regulations. Moreover, it is
......... .,.-.1,,.. .hi- a, helioe the Sl.ite should
! "- '" ;-"......." "."--. -- ----.- .-;,--
a ---.- -a-- " - , -,;, , .. . ,.
i pre"-cribe tne manner in wiueu h.iioieru,sc .-.
i ... i,A ........Ir.i.l nhleli ceheri -icon red. must
,, ,. m.-!......, ...... . ...... . . (
be the ultimate measure of fitness for a pro-
fesion. Medical examining boards tstab-
lished by law produce more sattsractory re
sults, because ihey make knowleelge the
measure or fitness and permit the student to
choose the manner, place and circumstances
in which he acquires ma Knowieuge.
.Medical Educational Center.
For many j ears St. Louis has. been an Im
pel tant center of medical education, and
these evidences of progress mean much for
St. Louis, in that her old reputation Is thus
maintained nnd Improved.
The combination of the Marlon-Sims Col
lege of Meellclne and the Beaumont Hospital
.Medical College Is evidence of the progres
sive spirit that has animated those institu
tions fn the pist. and It m"j be confidently
expected th it In their harmonious union this
spirit will cause the new institution to take
a place In the front rank of meilical Institu
tions or the West and show ltelf to be a
worthj representative of meolical science in
the great metropolis of the Mississippi Val
ley. WHAT LABOR
BY McAHTIirn JOHNSTON.
President of the Central Trades and Labor
In none of all the centuries that have
clrpsed since the beginning of the Christian
Era has the progress of the laboring man
been so marked as in the Nineteenth, an I
it may be safely asserted that during this
I entury by far the greatest amount of good
lias been accompllsned within the halt de
cade at Its close. The achievements In everj-
de-partment or knowledge have lieen
iPairvelous, and manj things have been done
lending to the solution of the great eco
nomic problems that must be settled, and
sillied right, before the brotherhood of man
and the fisle ration of the world is an as
sured f.ict. In meellclne. In the sciences, in
art and lu mechanics discoveries have been
made and results achieved that have ileine
and still are doing much to alleviate the
conditions that heretofoie Imposed hard
ships upon the human famllj-. let 1 venture
to saj- that none ot these things has done
more to make the existence of the great
masses of thej people more tolerable and
happj than the raaws have done for them
selves bj organization.
The history of organized labor Is a long
storj", not to be told here". It Is founded
upon the proposition that In "union there is
strength." and prlmarllj the organization of
labor Into unions resulted from the tenden
cy of capital to impose upon it and to de
prive it of a Just proportion of the result
of Its labors. Capital having a good thing,
abused It. and as a result labor had to or
ganize in seir-protecllon.
The organization or the laboring man was
a stupenelous task, principally for the rea
son that he stood In fear of capital and Its
power. At first the worker believed that if
he organized In a body and made some de
mand upon Ids emplojer. no matter how
just, he would Immediate lj Invoke that
employer's wraih, and his ellscharge woul 1
tollon. The fear of such a fato made him
timid, and It vvas with the greatest ilitll-
cultj- that he could be in.luced. or. rather,
educated, to see that his onlj- salvation lay
In organization. Once this vvas rullv com
prehended the progress or organized labor
btgan. and has since been onward with a
slesady stride, until to-elaj It Is recognized as
one or the potent factors in society everywhere-,
and is rc-ckoned with In the consid
eration of all great public questions.
When the great World's Fair, which is to
be held here in 1903 to celebrate the centen
nial of the Ijoulslana Purchase, was in the
err.brj-onio state, and a meeting of the public-spirited
men of the cit- was called to
formulate plans for that great enterprise,
representatives of a great many of the labor
organizations were invited to the meetings.
When, a few weeks ago, a number of cit
izens met to devise plans for the betterment
of municipal conditions In St. Louis, organ
ized labor was recognized and invited to
participate in the conrerenres.
The result or the recent election In St.
Louis aIo will teach a wholesome lesson of
the iKiwcr of organized labor, when once
fully aroused and unanimous, as It was
Coming directly to this point. It mar be
said that in the last five jear the prog
ress of labor has bes?n greater than in anj
twentj- pievlous jears. and the last xear of
these flvo marked greater strides than any
other two. This Is true of practlca'lj all
crafts, though the greatest achievements
have been In what arc termed the skilled
' I TV.
. re J
.w yj- M
trades Pt. Louis Is the be-t organized e!t
in the United States, and one of the best
in thn world. Prac-tieally every class or
workmen is unionized here, ami all th
uruous are 111 a health- and progressive
state. There- arc now 1SS localr: here, af
lillitcd with the Cential Traelcs and 1-rbor
Union, the Building Trades Council, or
some one or the other or the railway men's
organizations. The total membership of
the.se various organizations aggregates In
St. luis CS.DoO. The printing trades. :,
which I belong, are completely organized.
In lv'7 there were seventeen printing houses
in this cltj- th it emplojed only union labor.
To-eiav- there are lift j -three, and they do.
about !" per e-nt of all the printing and
kindred business done in St. Iuis. All
the- branches of the trfl'Ie hai been organ
ized, and by virtue of the fact, better
wages ami shorter hours liave been secured.
At the same t!m this result has bee.i
achieved without appreciable aelditional ex-
p.. use to the emplojer. the Improvement of
ti. condition or the cmpleje so increasing
ins r.in.n lie- for work that now he can ac
complish more in the shorter hours tha.i
before he could in the longer.
What Is true of the printing trades Is like
wise true or all other trades that havo
been orgaiized. in a greater or Iisser de
gree. The condition or all the laboring
classes has lieen Improved and. as a rule,
this ba-tterracnt has lie-m accomplished with
a minimum of troublo with the emploj-ers.
Organized labor will start upon the new
century in a strong, healthv- and -lgorous
condition. Through the trials or the forma
tive, period it has. pas-ed to a -vigorous en
tity, recognize! the world over as a nower
to be always reckoned with and respected.
The ei-ef.t ileht It has at the nreent day
I Is to effect the adjustment or all disputes be
tween employer ana empioj-o ay aroma
tion. Alreadj- much has been accomplished
In this direction, and in the future organ
ized labor will bend its everj- energy to
tho universal adoption of this mode of set
tling dispute-, until it shall be an ac
BY THE BIGHT REVEREND DANIEL. S.
U. D.. Bishop of Missouri.
1 cannot saj- that during the jear past
there has been anj- erj- marked progress
in that portion ot the church committeel
to mj- charge. However, 1 might remark
that the late census shows mat in trial
Stale ot Missouri, one person out of every
Z!Z of the population is a communicant of
cur church. vi;.e.'r..as. in l!au toe ratio was
one in Cu'
Th!- cenotes, at alt events, a substantial
aovaircc. fo a'.-o m the city of St. Louis,
in HM one out of 111 mbaoitants was a
communicant of our church; lu Vf.i one
cut of Its.
J heies rigures are Ir line with tho thought
which I nrst expressed, namely, that oux
advance In the past J ear In notnlng marked-
. Ij- ,re-at. However, two churcu buildings
liave been very substantial! improveer; one
ut Hannibal and one at De Soto.
No work an) where, begun bj- us, has bceh
given up. Since l"y t have nad cnarge
ctf only the ci-tern hair of the State.
Bishop Atwill ot Kansas City nas charge of
the wi stern half. Tms eastern hail in
known as the Diicise or .Mlt-suuri. fn it
there are, besides the Bishop, titty eler;-,-
men and llfij-Iive parisnes. it i- my aim fo
visit everj one of tnese parishes at least
once a jear.
s-peaking from the experiences of such
visitation.-. 1 can onlj- reiterate vvnat Has
already been saiu that we .ire in a Con
dition of hca'thy life, without anj marked
I-'ienomena of rapid advancement.
Within a j-c.ar or two a be.uuilnl sion
clinrcn ha3 been erected in Columbia as a
rneinonal to the late Captain itoiims. Tile
excellent rector of this cnurcb. died a few
weeks since, ana the parish Is in earnest
search for a r.ew rector.
St. Jame3 Cr urch in St. Louis Is a most
substantial structure, lately erected in
memory of the daughter of Mr. E. C. Sim
mons. The rector, the Reverend Mr. Duck
worth, is succeeding most admirably jn
gathering into il a large and laithtul "con
gregation. One of our most faithful clergjmen is
the Reverend Mr. Mason, pastor of our
tolored congregation of All Saints, nnd him
self a colored man. Ills own people and
tkeir friends -amon-r the whites, have com
pleted, in the last month, a mot comfort
uble rectory for him and his familj. built
on the lot next to his church.
Steadily useful work is done bj the Rev
erend Air. Tuckerman in St. Stephen's
Memorial House down on Sixth street. At
the other extreme part of the city, the
Reverend Doctor Winchester, rector of the
Church of the Ascs-nslon. in Cabanne. is
Martimr a", additional new work in what-ho
calls "Advent Jlission" in De Hoeliamont.
A ne.v chure ii also has been built, not
long ago, bj- the Beverend B. S. Newton,
lector of the Church of the Good Shepherd,
on the Scuth Side.
Our Institutions are: Bishop Robertson
HalL a boarding school for girls, conducted
by the sisterhood ot the Oood Shepherd;
the Orphans" Home, managed and supported
by the women of the church, situated on
Cranel and Lafajctte avenues: and a home
on Pine street, near Beaumont, fcr con
xalcscent women, especially those discharged
from the Female Hospital before they have
acquired really strength sufficient to resume
work. Besides these, perhaps, St. Luke's
Hospital might bo mentioned, althougn
there Is no exclusion from the liencfits of
this hospital of anjbcdj on account of
erred, or want or crceel. A vigorous effort
Is now making for the securing of funds,
sufficient to move St. Luke's Hospital from
Its present noisy location to a suitable
place. larger and quieter.
I may be permitted to add. personally, nn
-expression of mj warm and grateful appre
ciation of the courtesies extended to me In
mj wanderings throughout the diocese. In
verj many places where I hold services
there Is no building of the Episcopal church,
and everywhere mj- Christian brethrra of
other names extend to me not only person
al good will but the kindest hospitahtj in
the use of their churches.
One can readily understand that we must
wait, under God's providence, for unit)- of
external organization, hut God be thanked
that he moves hearts and lives In the direc
tion of unit of love and co-operation.
GROWTH OF THE
BY THE REVEREND DAVID S. THELAN,
Editor of the Western Watchman.
The Catholic Church in the United -States
in general and In the province of St. Louis
in particular has pursued the even tenor ot
her way during the past twelvemonth; en
countering; no storms and suffering no dam
age to her ltal and vitalizing forces. There
has been growth ir not progress.
The most Important event to chronicle was
the death of the Archbishop of Dubuque,
and the event next In importance was the
elevation cf that distinguished churchman.
Monslegnor Keane. to the see made vac-ant
by his death. This latter event was doubly
important as marking the clore of tho r.ic
tional war In the American Church. His
appointment was an olive branch of peace
sent by Lesi to the occupants of the ark of
the American Church.
l'll-rrlmaRe e Home.
During this year of general jubilee many
of the Ane-rican bishops took oc-asion to
go to Rome, and during their stay they
made reports of the condition of their dio
ceses, and the Holy Father was very mucn
pleased with the showing that was made.
In the province vt St. Louis, wlibh em
braces the States or Missouri and Kansas,
lbs history of tae cbiucti tuy been one u
f"Ti r .n(firii'i"i'.yT(rwTi